6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography

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1 6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1 Latin America is located in the A Northern Hemisphere. C Western Hemisphere. B Southern Hemisphere. D Eastern Hemisphere. 2 One leader who contributed to independence in South America was A José Morelos. B Simón Bolívar. C Toussaint L Ouverture D Prince Ferdinand. 3 Most of the caudillos who ruled Latin American countries after independence A cared a great deal for the well being of the people of their countries. B tried to unite South America. C believed in liberal and democratic reform. D were concerned mainly with getting rich and holding power. 4 Which country had the greatest effect on Latin America culture? A Italy C Germany B France D Spain 5 In the early 1980s, Venezuela was the richest country in Latin America because of A a booming tourist industry. C vast supplies of oil. B abundant rain forest resources. D thriving agricultural production. 6 A portion of the Amazon rain forest can be found in which country of Caribbean South America? A Suriname C Colombia B Guyana D French Guiana 1

2 7 Selected Characteristics of Columbia, Mexico, and Panama Country Languages Primary Religion Columbia Mexico Panama Spanish (official) Indigenous Spanish (official) Spanish (official) English Roman Catholicism Roman Catholicism Roman Catholicism A B C D According to the chart, the common characteristics of the countries can be attributed to their economic relationship with industrialized countries to their north past military alliances with one another preservation of Mayan and Aztec traditions history of colonization by a European country 8 Which of the following landforms is located in Caribbean South America? A Rio Grande C Andes Mountains B Rocky Mountains D Great Basin 9 What physical feature is located on the eastern side of the Andes Mountains in Colombia and Venezuela? A Guiana Highlands C Llanos B Pampas D Amazon rain forest 2

3 10 Based on the above population map, where does most of the population live in Caribbean South America? A inland C along the coasts B along the Amazon River D in the mountains 11 Why are the most densely populated areas of Caribbean South America located where they are? A It s too cold to live inland in South America. B The rain forest and the plains were popular places for large cities. C Mountainous regions were the best for farming and fishing industries. D Ports are important for trade, and water sources provide energy and natural resources. 3

4 12 A B C D Which characteristic is most common to all the countries located in the shaded region on this map? Catholic Religion a warm climate coniferous forests mainly English speaking 13 The three parallel ranges of the Andes Mountains are known as the A Guiana Highlands. C Cordilleras. B Orinoco. D Llanos. 14 Which natural resource did the Spanish take by force from the Caribbean South America settlements? A oil C gold B coal D water 15 Which of the following had the greatest influence on the ethnical and cultural diversity of the Caribbean South America population? A Many inhabitants came as colonists, slaves, or immigrants. B Cold discovered in the area lured many from around the world. C The wide variety of religious beliefs has created a diverse culture. D Internal political struggles continually erupt in the governments of Caribbean South America. 16 A major cause of environmental problems faced by all of Caribbean South America is A acid rain. C deforestation. B desertification. D water pollution. 4

5 17 What environmental problem continues to plague Venezuela as a result of its oil production? A deforestation C water pollution B acid rain D desertification 18 What term describes the plants and animals that depend on each other and their environment for survival? A cordillera C ecosystem B Llanos D rainforest 19 The form of government in which the people elect officials to make the nation s laws is called A caudillos. C representative democracy. B nationalization. D dictatorship. 20 Farmers in the mountain regions of Caribbean South America are able to increase the amount of land they have for farming through A subsistence farming. C privatization. B terraced farming. D desertification. 5

6 ID: A 6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1 ANS: C STA: ANS: B STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: D STA: 2.1, ANS: B STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: A STA: ANS: C STA: 5 17 ANS: C STA: 5 18 ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: 4 20 ANS: B STA: 5.3 1

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