COUNTRY DATA: Costa Rica : Information from the CIA World Factbook! INTRODUCTION GEOGRAPHY

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1 ! COUNTRY DATA: Costa Rica : Information from the CIA World Factbook! INTRODUCTION GEOGRAPHY Location Area Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama total: 51,100 sq km country comparison to the world: 129 land: 51,060 sq km water: 40 sq km note: includes Isla del Coco Climate Current Weather tropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands Natural Resources Total Renewable Water Resources Freshwater Withdrawal hydropower cu km (2000) total: 2.68 cu km/yr (29%/17%/53%) per capita: 619 cu m/yr (2000) Natural Hazards occasional earthquakes, hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season and landslides; active volcanoes volcanism: Arenal (elev. 1,670 m, 5,479 ft), which erupted in 2010, is the most active volcano in Costa Rica; a 1968 eruption destroyed the town of Tabacon; Irazu (elev. 3,432 m, 11,260 ft), situated just east of San Jose, has the potential to spew ash over the capital city as it did between 1963 and 1965; other historically active volcanoes include Miravalles, Poas, Rincon de la Vieja, and Turrialba

2 Environmental Issues deforestation and land use change, largely a result of the clearing of land for cattle ranching and agriculture; soil erosion; coastal marine pollution; fisheries protection; solid waste management; air pollution PEOPLE Population 4,516,220 (July 2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 122 Ethnic Groups Religions Languages Literacy Rate white (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1% Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2% Spanish (official), English definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 94.9% male: 94.7% female: 95.1% (2000 census) Major Infectious Diseases NA GOVERNMENT Type Independence democratic republic 15 September 1821 (from Spain) Constitution 7 November 1949 Legal System based on Spanish civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction ECONOMY Agricultural Products Industries bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, corn, rice, beans, potatoes; beef, poultry, dairy; timber microprocessors, food processing, medical equipment, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products

3 Import commodities Import Partners Export Commodities Export Partners Per Capita GDP raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum, construction materials US 44.72%, Mexico 7.65%, Venezuela 5.56%, China 5.15%, Japan 4.36% (2009) bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar; beef; seafood; electronic components, medical equipment US 44.72%, Mexico 7.65%, Venezuela 5.56%, China 5.15%, Japan 4.36% (2009) $11,400 (2010 est.) country comparison to the world: 99 $11,100 (2009 est.) $11,400 (2008 est.) note: data are in 2010 US dollars Population below poverty line 16% (2006 est.) *CITATIONS: All information included above is extracted from the CIA World Factbook except where noted.

4 Country Data: Information from Human Development Report COUNTRY: Costa Rica General Life Expectancy at Birth (in years)!"#$%! Average number of years in School (in years) Gross National Income Per Capita (In US Dollars) Gender Inequality!&$'!!%()&"(! Female Seats in Parliament (%)!'*$&! Population with at least a Secondary Education Female (% 0f 25 and older)!+,$,! Population with at least a Secondary Education Male (% 0f 25 and older)!+-$&! Labor Force Participation Female (%) Labor Force Participation Male (%)!,&$&!!&,$-! Births Attended by Skilled Health Professionals (%)!#,! Poverty Population surviving on $1.25 per day (%)!.-! Empowerment Number of Journalists Imprisoned!(! Corruption Victims (% of people who face a bribe situation in the last year)!#! Political Engagement (% percent of people who voiced opinion to public officials)!'%!

5 Sustainability Fossil Fuels as Primary Energy Source (%)!,"! Renewable Resources as Primary Energy Source (%) Population without Access to Water (%)!+'!!'! Population Without Access to Sanitation Services (%)!+! Population affected by natural disasters (% between ) Human Security!%%)'&'! Number of Refugees leaving this country!($,! Number of Internally Displaced People in This Country!$$! Prevalence of Undernourishment (%)!.+! Demographics Urban Residents (% of total Population)!*,$,! Health HIV Prevalence in Female Youth (% ages 15-24)!($-! HIV Prevalence in Male Youth (% ages 15-24)!($,! HIV Prevalence in Adults (% ages 15-49)!($,! Other Official Development Assistance Per Capita (in US dollars)!%,$*! Population without Electricity (%)!($(!

6 "#$%&'!()*+,-&.#/+!01!23!45"6! +$,! +! / ! 7839:;! CD9D:3>E! (! ($,!

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