Warm-up. A. Exports only manufactured goods B. Should import fewer products C. Needs to import more products D. Does not import or export

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1 Warm-up As with any small country, Cuba has fewer natural resources than countries such as Brazil. This affects their trade in that Cuba A. Exports only manufactured goods B. Should import fewer products C. Needs to import more products D. Does not import or export

2 Spanish & Portuguese Influence on Latin America Unit 6 Notes

3 Discovery of the Americas Christopher Columbus was sponsored by Spain. His mission: find a quick and safe route to Asia Columbus never reached Asia; he landed in the Americas in 1492 and claimed the surrounding land for Spain.

4 Columbus First Landing

5 The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange, which began with Christopher Columbus in 1492, was the movement of peoples, agricultural commodities (goods), diseases, and cultures between the Old World and New World during the European Age of Exploration. Cultures, Languages, and Religious beliefs throughout Latin America during the colonial period has had a big impact on the development of the region.

6 Spanish Colonization Spanish explored, conquered, and settled areas of Florida, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. also claimed many islands in the Caribbean Today, most people in these areas speak Spanish.

7

8 Portuguese Colonization Portugal claimed the land from the Atlantic Ocean across South America to the Andes Mountains. It covered most of the vast Amazon River region, in what is now present-day Brazil. Today, most people in this area (Brazil) speak Portuguese.

9

10 Cultural Diffusion The Spanish and Portuguese spread their culture and religion across the region: developed colonies that were similar to the ones in Europe conquered the natives and forced them to learn Spanish and Portuguese and convert to Roman Catholicism

11 Languages in Latin America green-spanish orange-portuguese blue-french

12 Latin America Today The term Latin America started in the 1800s. It refers to the group of countries that spoke mostly languages based on the ancient Latin language. Spanish and Portuguese are both derivatives of Latin. The shared religion (Catholic), culture, & languages (Spanish & Portuguese) have united the region.

13 What does this image tell you about Latin America s culture?

14 Diversity in Latin America Latin America s cultures are diverse. Each region has its own history, languages, customs, beliefs, foods, music, etc. Latin America also has diversity in its races: Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans are the largest groups. Members of these groups have intermarried and developed unique cultures over time.

15 Native Americans Europeans began colonizing the Americas in the 1500s. They forced the natives to work on plantations & in mines. Many native populations were completely wiped out by European weapons and diseases. Some natives were able to preserve their cultures by moving to remote regions. Many people in Venezuela are mestizos (ancestors were both European and Native American).

16 Africans Europeans brought Africans to the New World and forced them to work as slaves. Descendants of these people still live in Latin America today. Many live in Brazil, Panama, and islands in the Caribbean.

17 Religion The main religion in Latin America is Roman Catholic. However, practices of Native Americans & Africans have blended with Christian beliefs. Example: Day of the Dead in Mexico blends Native American beliefs about the afterlife with Christian beliefs. El Dia de los Muertos

18 Cultural Controversy People with European ancestors often have better paying jobs, better education and health care, and more money than people of Native American or African descent. Other culture groups have begun to demand equality in their countries. Example: In Bolivia in 2005, a Native American was elected president for the first time.

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