6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography

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1 6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1 Latin America is located in the A Northern Hemisphere. C Western Hemisphere. B Southern Hemisphere. D Eastern Hemisphere. 2 Latin America includes Middle America, the Caribbean, and A Mexico. C Cuba. B El Salvador. D South America. 3 What two bodies of land does the isthmus of Central America connect? A the Caribbean and South America C Mexico and the United States B South America and North America D Mexico and the Caribbean 4 Fierce tropical storms with high winds and heavy rains are called A hurricanes. C tierra fria. B cold zones. D the Tropic of Cancer. 5 One leader who contributed to independence in South America was A José Morelos. B Simón Bolívar. C Toussaint L Ouverture D Prince Ferdinand. 6 Most of the caudillos who ruled Latin American countries after independence A cared a great deal for the well being of the people of their countries. B tried to unite South America. C believed in liberal and democratic reform. D were concerned mainly with getting rich and holding power. 7 Which country had the greatest effect on Latin America culture? A Italy C Germany B France D Spain 8 A portion of the Amazon rain forest can be found in which country of Caribbean South America? A Suriname C Colombia B Guyana D French Guiana 1

2 9 Selected Characteristics of Columbia, Mexico, and Panama Country Languages Primary Religion Columbia Mexico Panama Spanish (official) Indigenous Spanish (official) Spanish (official) English Roman Catholicism Roman Catholicism Roman Catholicism A B C D According to the chart, the common characteristics of the countries can be attributed to their economic relationship with industrialized countries to their north past military alliances with one another preservation of Mayan and Aztec traditions history of colonization by a European country 10 Which of the following landforms is located in Caribbean South America? A Rio Grande C Andes Mountains B Rocky Mountains D Great Basin 11 What physical feature is located on the eastern side of the Andes Mountains in Colombia and Venezuela? A Guiana Highlands C Llanos B Pampas D Amazon rain forest 12 Europeans came to Latin America to A help the indigenous people farm their lands. B set up colonies and gain wealth. C work for indigenous people. D establish arts colonies. 13 The Maya and Aztec A migrated to North America. B were very disorganized and had little culture. C were totally wiped out by European conquerors. D developed complex civilizations before Europeans came. 2

3 14 The Maya prospered in the rain forests of A North America. C the Southern Hemisphere. B Tenochtitlán. D the Yucatán Peninsula. 15 A B C D Which characteristic is most common to all the countries located in the shaded region on this map? Catholic Religion a warm climate coniferous forests mainly English speaking 3

4 16 The three parallel ranges of the Andes Mountains are known as the A Guiana Highlands. C Cordilleras. B Orinoco. D Llanos. 17 Which natural resource did the Spanish take by force from the Caribbean South America settlements? A oil C gold B coal D water 18 Which of the following had the greatest influence on the ethnical and cultural diversity of the Caribbean South America population? A Many inhabitants came as colonists, slaves, or immigrants. B Cold discovered in the area lured many from around the world. C The wide variety of religious beliefs has created a diverse culture. D Internal political struggles continually erupt in the governments of Caribbean South America. 19 A major cause of environmental problems faced by all of Caribbean South America is A acid rain. C deforestation. B desertification. D water pollution. 20 What environmental problem continues to plague Venezuela as a result of its oil production? A deforestation C water pollution B acid rain D desertification 21 What term describes the plants and animals that depend on each other and their environment for survival? A cordillera C ecosystem B Llanos D rainforest 22 The form of government in which the people elect officials to make the nation s laws is called A caudillos. C representative democracy. B nationalization. D dictatorship. 23 Farmers in the mountain regions of Caribbean South America are able to increase the amount of land they have for farming through A subsistence farming. C privatization. B terraced farming. D desertification. 4

5 24 Based on the above chart, which country in Caribbean South America has the most productive economy? A Colombia C Guyana B Venezuela D Suriname 25 Based on the above chart, what is the main industry that produces the most productive economy? A cotton C mining B oil D fishing 5

6 ID: A 6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1 ANS: C STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: B STA: ANS: A STA: ANS: B STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: B STA: ANS: D STA: ANS: D STA: 2.3, ANS: B STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: ANS: A STA: ANS: C STA: 5 20 ANS: C STA: 5 21 ANS: C STA: ANS: C STA: 4 23 ANS: B STA: ANS: B STA: ANS: B STA: 5.2 1

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