The Glory of Ancient Greece

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1 1 Chapter 7 The Glory of Ancient Greece Section 1 Daily Life in Athens Section 2 Athens and Sparta Section 3 The Spread of Greek Culture Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period

2 2 Wow! Do we owe a lot to the Ancient Greeks, or what?! Would we have Democracy, theater, dramas, comedies, the Olympic Games, epic stories, and philosophy without them? Probably not! Even though we learned tons of stuff about the Greeks in the last chapter, can you believe there is still lots more to learn about these fascinating people? In this chapter, we ll find out what it was like to live in the giant city-states of Athens and Sparta, how common Greeks lived, what it was like to be a Hoplite soldier, how the Peloponnesian War changed Greece, and who King Philip and Alexander the Great were. Whew! Could we pack any more excitement into Old World Cultures?! Section 1 Daily Life in Athens In this section, we ll find out what it was like to live in the huge citystate of Athens. We ll learn about the daily lives of common Greeks, how life was different for men and women, and what it was like to be a slave. 1. Read the paragraphs on page 198. How might a boy spend his day in the city-state of Athens? Public Life 2. In Athens, who became active in politics and society?

3 3 The Marketplace 3. What was the center of religious life in Athens? What was the center of public life? 4. Define AGORAS The Business of Men 5. What would men do in the Agora? 6. Define VENDORS 7. What were some goods you could buy in the Agora? Public Buildings 8. What type of art did Athenians admire? 9. What are some buildings in our country that look similar to Greek architecture?

4 4 At Home in Athens Private Life 10. Describe a typical house in Athens: 11. Describe what Athenians would eat for their meals: Women of Athens 12. Where did most Athenian women spend their time? Why? 13. What freedoms did women NOT have? What was really the freedom they DID have? 14. What were some of the responsibilities women had at home? 15. What types of jobs would women have if they lived in a poor household? 16. What were Athenian women expected to be?

5 5 Slavery in Ancient Greece 17. Why did free Athenian men have leisure time? 18. Define SLAVERY 19. About how many slaves lived in Athens? How did Athenians feel about slavery? Who Were the Slaves? 20. Who became slaves in Athens? The Lives of Slaves 21. What rights did slaves have? 22. How could a slave become free? 23. What were some jobs slaves did?

6 6 Section 2 Athens and Sparta It s time to hit the battlefield in this section! We ll find out what it was like to live in the city-state of Sparta, how the Spartans and Athenians fought each other in the Peloponnesian War, what it was like to be a Hoplite, and what the Battle of Marathon was all about! You ll come back with your shield or on it! 1. Read the opening paragraphs on page 206. To the Spartans, how had the boy shown signs of great character? 2. Where was Sparta located in Greece? Living in Sparta 3. What was life like in Sparta? Did the Spartans ever equal the achievements of Athens? 4. What was the one basic rule in Sparta? 5. Who were the HELOTS? Why did the Spartans turn their city-state into an armed camp?

7 7 Growing Up in Sparta 6. Why did the Spartans raise only healthy children? What did they do with unhealthy children? Growing Up Male 7. What happened to a Sparta boy at the age of 7? What were boys trained to do? 8. Why were Spartan boys urged to steal? 9. Why did Spartan boys become excellent soldiers? 10. How long were Spartan men expected to be soldiers?

8 8 Growing Up Female 11. Why were Spartan girls expected to be very physically fit? 12. Why did Spartan women have better lives than other Greek women? Who did they still have to obey? Spartan Attitudes 13. How were Spartan attitudes different from other Greeks? 14. What group of people did the Spartan army play a key role against? The Persians Invade 15. What did all Greeks do to defend the Greek peninsula when the Persians invaded? The Expanding Persian Empire 16. Who created and expanded the Persian Empire?

9 9 Battle of Marathon 17. What city-state did the Persians invade first? How far is this from Athens? 18. Who should have easily won the battle? Why? 19. Who won the battle? How many soldiers were killed on both sides? 20. Who was Phidipides? What did he do? Conflict and the Athenian Empire 21. What kept the Greeks united? 22. What was the DELIAN LEAGUE? Who controlled the Delian League? 23. What do we have in the world today that is very similar to the Delian League?

10 10 Sparta and Athens at War 24. Why did the allies of Athens pay TRIBUTE to the city-state? What did Athens do with this money? The Peloponnesian War 25. Why did some city-states fear Athens? What city-state did they look to for protection? 26. Define PELOPONNISIAN WAR 27. What did Pericles do to try to protect the people of Athens from the Spartans? 28. What happened to Pericles and other Athenians inside the city walls? The Fall of Athens 29. Who did the Spartans become friends with? Why? 30. How did the Spartans win the Peloponnesian War?

11 11 Section 3 The Spread of Greek Culture Run for your lives! King Philip and Alexander the Great are marching their way into Greece! In this section, we ll learn about these very powerful men who played a huge part in Greek history. We ll even find out how they helped to spread Greek culture to the ends of the earth! 1. Read the opening paragraphs on page 216. Who was Alexander the Great and where did he live? 2. What men had a huge impact on Alexander s life? Philip Comes to Power 3. Who was king Philip and where did he live? Why did he know so much about Greece? 4. What did Philip dream about doing? 5. What did Demosthenes say about King Philip? Did his warnings come true?

12 12 Alexander Builds an Empire 6. What did King Philip plan to do after conquering Greece? Why didn t he have the chance to do this? 7. Define ASSASSIGNATION 8. Who took over after Philip s death? Alexander s Conquests 9. Why had Alexander earned the right to be called ALEXANDER THE GREAT? 10. What did Alexander name many of the cities he built?

13 13 Alexander s Last Battle 11. Why did Alexander stop conquering even more land? 12. How did Alexander the Great die? 13. What had Alexander s conquests done for Greek culture? Greek Culture Spreads 14. What happened to Alexander s Empire after he died? 15. How did Greek culture spread to the lands conquered by Alexander the great? 16. Define HELLENISTIC

14 14 The Hellenistic Kingdoms 17. How were the cities of the Hellenistic world modeled after Greek cities? Greek Culture in Egypt 18. What was the greatest of all Hellenistic cities? 19. What Wonder of the Ancient World stood in Alexandria in Egypt? 20. Why was Alexandria, Egypt the learning capital of the Greek world? Math and Science 21. What type of mathematics did EUCLID create? What did this type of math explain? 22. What were some things Greek scientists knew about the Earth? 23.What scientific discoveries did ARCHIMEDES make?

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