UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises

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1 UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises 1) Where did the greek civilisation surge? 2) What are the 3 periods of the history of Ancient Greece? 3) Was the Mediterranean sea important for the greeks? Yes/No. Why? 4) Label the Hoplita: SPEAR HELMET SHIELD SWORD BREASTPLATE LEG ARMOUR 5) Put the sentences in the correct column: ALL POLIS HAD THE SAME... ALL POLIS HAD DIFFERENT.. 1. GODS 2. LAWS 3. LANGUAGE 4. CUSTOMS 6) Who was Alexander the Great? Alexander was a prince, the son of the king of Macedonia (Philip II). He was born in Macedonia in July 356 BC. Macedonia was not a Greek city-state. It was a country in the north of Greece. One of Alexander's teachers was the Greek philosopher Aristotle, so Alexander spoke Greek, he knew Greek history and he believed in the Greek gods. But Alexander was also trained to be a ruler, a warrior and a leader of men. He was taught that his job was to expand the Macedonian Empire, and to rule at all times with a firm hand. Alexander's father had conquered most of the Greek city-states before Alexander came to power. The Greeks hated Alexander's father and he was assassinated. When Alexander became king, he conquered other cultures in the Mediterranean rather easily, including the Persian Empire, Egypt and reached the Indus River. Alexander never lost a battle. Before his death, he had built over 70 cities, but

2 Alexander died young, He was only 33 years old. His generals divided up the territory in different kingdoms: the Hellenistic monarchies. Activities: Read the sentences. What do they refer to? 1. A very large kingdom in the north of Greece: 2. The most famous person in Greek history in the 4th century: 3. The kingdoms into which the empire was divided: 4. A polis with its own government, laws, army and money: 5. The name of some cities founded by Alexander the Great: 6. The name of the teacher of Alexander the Great: Alexander the Great! True or False: Alexander was the son of the King of Macedonia Macedonia was a Greek city-state Macedonia was in the South of Greece One of his teachers was Aristotle Alexander conquered Egypt He NEVER lost a battle 7) Draw a social pyramid of ancient greece and put the following groups of people in the correct places. CITIZENS, FOREIGNERS, SLAVES, WOMEN 8) Explain the difference between a CITIZEN and a NON-CITIZEN. 9) Fill in the gaps: The Greek society was divided into groups. The citizens had rights and paid. The non citizens were: foreigners, and women. The cities were situated by the in order to have good communications. The two important places in a Greek city were the and the. The Greeks believed in many Gods. This is called The Gods had human aspects but were The main God was Zeus. The Greeks also believed in. This is called mythology. Vocabulary: polythesim, immortal, sea, agora, taxes, two, slaves, acropolis, mythical creatures. 10) Label the following on the diagram of a Greek temple: Pronaos Opistodomos Naos o Cellar

3 11) Read carefully and try answered the questions. Greek civilization is in the south of the Balkan Peninsula, in many islands of the Mediterranean Sea and in the coast of the Asia Minor (now Turkey). Ancient Greece isn t an unified country because the mountains divide the peninsula into small valleys. Each valley and each island is an independent state. A city-state or polis is a city with its own government, laws, money and army. Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Olympia are poleis. A common culture, religion and language united all the Greeks. The rulers are usually rich people or aristoi, which means the best. This form of government is called an Aristocracy. Sparta is a famous example of an aristocratic government. Later, in some poleis, Democracy replaced Aristocracy. Citizens make decisions in assemblies and choose their representatives. Athens is a famous example of a democratic government, because it was the first. Activities: 1. What is a polis? 2. Explain the differences between a democratic polis and an aristocratic polis. 3. What system of government exists in most European countries today? 4. What characteristics do all the Greek city-states have in common? 5. What is the famous aristocratic city in Greece?. And the first democratic city in the world? 12) Fill in the blanks: The history of ancient is divided into three main : The Age lasted from the 9th to the 5th century BC. The Age lasted from the century BC to the mid century BC. The Age lasted from 338 BC to about the 1st century BC. Vocabulary: ages, Hellenistic, Classical, 5 th, Greece, 4 th, Archaic 13) Fill in the blanks: By the time of Aristotle (fourth century BC) there were hundreds of Greek democracies. in those times was not a single political entity but rather a collection of some 1,500 separate or 'cities' scattered round the and Black Sea shores 'like frogs around a pond', as Plato once charmingly put it. Those cities that were not were either - where power was in the hands of the few richest citizens - or, called 'tyrannies' in cases where the sole ruler had usurped power by force rather than inheritance. Of the, the oldest, the most stable, the most long-lived, but also the most radical, was. Vocabulary: oligarchies, Athens, democracies, democracies, cities, monarchies, Mediterranean, Greece. 14) Fill in the blanks: The ancient Greeks lived in. Each city had its own government, and army, ad this is why they were called city states or. But all of them belonged to the same civilisation, since they shared a

4 common language, and. Between the 8th and 6th centuries BC, the Greek population increased greatly and the cities were unable to feed all their inhabitants. A part of the population. Small groups went across and founded colonies in the places they considered adequate Vocabulary: culture, independent cities, emigrated, polis, laws, the Mediterranean 15) Read carefully and try answered the questions. The ancient Greek Olympic games Once every four years, men from all over Greece came to compete in a great athletic festival. Only men, boys and unmarried girls were allowed to attend the Olympic Games. Married women were not allowed into the Olympic Games. This was called the Olympic games because the place was called Olympia, a valley near a city called Elis. The first Olympic Games were held in about 776BC. It was a religious festival to honor the Greek gods Zeus and Hera. The spectators came from all over Greece to watch the events. At the first one-day Olympic Games, the only event was a short sprint from one end of the stadium to the other. Gradually more events were added to make four days of competitions. They included wrestling, boxing, long jump, throwing the javelin and the discus, and chariot racing. In the pentathlon, there were five events: running, wrestling, javelin, discus and long jump. One of the strongest events was the race for hoplites, men wearing armour and carrying shields. Winners were given a wreath of leaves. Winners might marry rich women, enjoy free meals, invitations to parties, and the best seats in the theatre. Activities: 1.- When were the first Olympic Games? 2.- Who took part in the Ancient Olympic Games? Were women allowed at the Olympic Games? 3.- What events took place in the Ancient Olympic Games? 4.- What is the pentathlon? 5.- What prize is given to the winners? 16) Crossword: ACROSS: 2. God of Thunder 3. Religion 5. Space in wich the templesand some of the main building were located 6. City status 7. The largest city in the Greek world 8. Contended with Athens DOWN : 1. Type of government 4. They voted 7. A big public square

5 ) Crossword (God s names) ACROSS: 3.-Wine 4.-Agriculture 6.-Beauty 7.-Family 8.-Underworld DOWN: 1.-Thunder 2.-Sea 5.-Wisdom 6.-The arts

6 (material elaborado usando información en la red, a destacar la web de Geografía e Historia del ies la madraza en Granada)

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