The Polis ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMY ATHENS AND SPARTA

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Polis ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMY ATHENS AND SPARTA"

Transcription

1 The Polis ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMY ATHENS AND SPARTA

2 Flow Chart This is another way of looking at the flow of the changes to the Greek Society through the Dark Ages. Please note the changes in the Language over time.

3 Organization of the Polis Began first around 800 BCE Polis (poleis) Central area: astu Many levels with a courtyard at the center Citadel: Acropolis High City Reserved for temples, shrines, treasury, government buildings Outside city suburbs and fields Still close enough to get to within a days ride by donkey

4 Athens Athenian Acropolis with changes over time.

5 3D Map of the Acropolis

6 Organization of the Polis Most cities had a place for trading: Agora Public square Business center Education center Sacred Civic center Site of trials and government business Structure of Society Citizens

7 Greek Polis continued Community of men and women Only male citizens could vote Pass on property through the man Women protected against seizure and violence Resident Aliens No rights but could do business Slaves No rights at all

8 Greek Polis continued Size only referred to citizens Example: Athens population of 35,000-45,000 citizens With woman, children, resident foreigners, and slaves Athens and villages Attica 200, ,000 Sparta 12,000 citizens

9 Self Government Though every poleis are very different Self-government by male citizens Problem: large quantity of people living in small areas And close proximity to many poleis Civil War Solution: Government Corinth: Oligarchy Athens: Democracy with control by a representative body

10 Greek Armies and the Polis Self-Government: VERY RARE Exception: Sparta Run by two kings Co-ruling Hoplite Infantry soldiers May have been a reason for self-government Demand by a heavily armed citizens Defended the polis Disappearance of kings

11 Phalanx Very Powerful Nearly unbeatable Rows of Hoplites 8 deep Everyone carrying a shield and sword and spear

12 Greek City-State SPARTA ATHENS

13 Sparta Most influential Dorian state Destroyed conquered Messenia War 736 to 716 BCE Enslaved all the surviving population Only males who were demonstrably pure Spartan Citizens Each given land to support their service in the military Each had enough helots to work the land Helots outnumbered Spartans 7 to 1

14 Sparta continued Messenians had an uprising around 650BCE Failed badly More rigid against the Helots Lawgiver: Lycurgus New law new society Government From Lycurgus reforms Oligarchy Public assembly only males from age 30 could vote

15 Sparta Government Elected council of twenty-eight elders All over the age 60 Will serve for life Assembly will choose 5 ephors (overseers) Each serve for one year These will act as ambassadors Summon the Assembly Act as a check on the two kings

16 Spartan Government Oligarchy was the ultimate government to the Spartans A kind of democracy Dominated Peloponnesian states Conquest Fear By 560BCE failed 530 BCE Sparta needed allies

17 Spartan International Politics Peloponnesian League Alliance with neighboring poleis First of the great alliance of the Greek Unique in the Ancient World Spartans led the league but did not control it Most of this has been learned from the video but

18 Spartan Military Spartan male dedicates whole life to the military Age 7 though age 60 Warriors lived, trained together and very sadistic Taught to steal, kill helots Spartan women They ran the home and trained the future mothers of Sparta

19 Spartan Military continued Spartan rarely visited wife It was their responsibility to make sure there were children If childless a women should have children of another man besides her husband Focus was on being War ready not family Sparta cut off from Greece by 2 mountain ranges Traded little Used Iron currency (worthless to the rest of Greece)

20 Rarely traveled except to war on other poleis Made fine pottery until 525 BCE No other art to speak of Very much an isolated people Dominated the whole of the Attica plain From the early time it was a very large polis Traders from earliest times

21 Had Kings early but didn t last Reasons for the change has been discussed Last Monarchy was in 683 BCE City was managed by 3 Archons (later increased to 9) Administrators elected annually After the year moved to a council called Areopagus Eventually 300 men

22 All elders of Athenian society Permanent members VERY influential Reforms in 621 BCE Draco Codified law on homicide Distinguished between voluntary/involuntary homicide First in a series of law codes established for justice Crisis in Athenian Economy

23

Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n

Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n 3 Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n Hellenistic Period (Alexander s Empire) Vocabulary n Allegory

More information

Chapter Introduction

Chapter Introduction Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history, society, and government. Section 1: The Rise of City-States Section 2:

More information

WARRING CITY-STATES polis Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people

WARRING CITY-STATES polis Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people WARRING CITY-STATES There were different ways to rule a polis, (city-state) IN ANCIENT GREECE: Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people Question

More information

Sparta & Athens. IMPORTANT!!! All answers should be in the form of short-answer response. Part 1: Geography

Sparta & Athens. IMPORTANT!!! All answers should be in the form of short-answer response. Part 1: Geography Name: Period: Sparta & Athens IMPORTANT!!! All answers should be in the form of short-answer response. Part 1: Geography A. Physical Features and Attributes of Sparta and Athens 1. Identify Athens and

More information

Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks

Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks 1) peninsula: a piece of land nearly surrounded by water 2) bard: someone who writes or performs epic poems or stories about heroes and their deeds Key Vocabulary

More information

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C.

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C. The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan

More information

Warring City-States. Chapter 5, Section 2

Warring City-States. Chapter 5, Section 2 Warring City-States Chapter 5, Section 2 Rule and Order in Greek City- States Polis city state, fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece. - most controlled 50 to 500 square miles. - less than 10,000

More information

Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review

Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Geography Mainland Greece is It is made of three ;two are smaller and joined together by an to create a larger. The Sea is to the west of Greece, the Sea is to the east,

More information

A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars

A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars Persian War Athens & Sparta vs. Persian Empire Peloponnesian War Athens vs. Sparta Brief History of Greece The first great civilization in Greece and Crete was the

More information

Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta

Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta What were the major differences between Athens and Sparta? P R E V I E W Examine the two illustrations of ancient Greek city-states your teacher will show you.

More information

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing the influence of geography on Greek

More information

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled?

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled? Name Hour Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. What does the statement Greeks did not live on land,

More information

Home work. Fill in the Blanks Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION

Home work. Fill in the Blanks Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION Date: 1 THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION The ancient G introduced many valuable i that i the way we live today. The Greeks lived on a small, rocky p in southeast E. They were unable to f most of their

More information

Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017

Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017 Announcements: 1: Check your grades! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Brain or Brawn Worksheet (Class set!) Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017 1. Get out your notes from last class. 2. Re-read

More information

name: hr: group / solo due on:

name: hr: group / solo due on: name: hr: group / solo due on: Rule and Order in Greek City-States How were city-states governed? (page 127) The center of Greek life was the polis, or city state. A polis was made up of a city and the

More information

Cyrus the Great. A tolerant ruler he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a Law-Giver.

Cyrus the Great. A tolerant ruler he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a Law-Giver. The Persian Empire: Cyrus the Great A tolerant ruler he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a Law-Giver. 580 529 B. C. E. The Jews called

More information

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam ANCIENT GREECE by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam Author Cindy Barden Illustrator Corbin Hillam Book Design and Production Good Neighbor Press, Inc. Copyright 2002 Milliken Publishing Co. All

More information

LECTURE: GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE

LECTURE: GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE I) The Illiad a. Greatest epic poem in literature b. Homer, blind poet, tells the story the Trojan War i. Greeks lay siege to Troy for ten years because Paris of

More information

Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and

Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Classical Civilizations: Mediterranean Basin 2 WH011 Activity Introduction Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Sparta. To help out with this, I ve got some

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Troy. KEY Ancient Greece ASIA MINOR. 100 miles km Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection

NAME DATE CLASS. Troy. KEY Ancient Greece ASIA MINOR. 100 miles km Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection Lesson 1 Rise of Greek Civilization ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the lives of the early Greeks? 2. How

More information

Classical Greek Civilization BC

Classical Greek Civilization BC Classical Greek Civilization 700-324 BC Little is known about the time between 1100 and 750 BC because little to no writing took place, and this is why it is called a Dark Age. Between 750 and 600 BC,

More information

Unit 19: Greece From Archaic to Antiquity

Unit 19: Greece From Archaic to Antiquity T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w Democracy. Philosophy. Sculpture. Dramatic tragedies. The Olympic Games. Many of the fundamental elements of Western

More information

Objectives for Chapter 4

Objectives for Chapter 4 Objectives for Chapter 4 Describe how geography and the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations influenced Greek culture. Compare the city-states of Sparta and Athens Identify the causes and effects of Greek

More information

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods

More information

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Pages 232 234 Island of Crete 2000 BCE Knossos most notable Located in Pelopennesus (southern Balkan Peninsula) Written language: Linear A undecipherable Traded with other

More information

Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller

Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller Nick Waller, from Salem, Illinois, wrote this paper about the ancient Spartans for Dr. Lee Patterson s His 3140 class in the fall semester of 2014.

More information

Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.)

Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Instructions... There are two PowerPoint lessons within this one large file. It is your job to read and take note of what you deem important

More information

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece 1 Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece Name Date Block Greek Geography The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. Locations and places

More information

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013 Bell Work: Make sure these are in your notes. Things to remember about Persian and Greek Wars: 1. Persia under the reign of Cyrus the Great wanted to take over Asia Minor and Greece. 2. Asia Minor was

More information

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9)

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,

More information

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos citizen - a person who is part of a certain society; in Greece, only

More information

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p )

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p ) Name Period Parent Signature Teacher use only Chapter 9 Study Guide: Ancient Greece % MULTIPLE CHOICE: Using your textbook, completed folder activities, and your graded homework assignments, choose the

More information

Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want

Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want the same thing.) The Mycenaeans Hello Mycenaeans! Originally

More information

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) The Minoans The Minoans established a brilliant early civilization on the island of Crete. The Minoans traded with Egypt and Mesopotamia. They acquired ideas and technology

More information

Athens, the capital of Greece

Athens, the capital of Greece Ancient Greece Where is Greece? In Europe Athens, the capital of Greece What does our government in the United States have in common with ancient Greece? 1. democracy: the people vote for leaders 2. architecture:

More information

Greco-Roman Civilization

Greco-Roman Civilization Greco-Roman Civilization "had Greek civilization never existed we would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. - W. H Auden

More information

Pericles Plan: 461 to 429 B.C. - Age of Pericles Three goals: (1)strengthen Athenian democracy (2)strengthen the empire (3)glorify Athens

Pericles Plan: 461 to 429 B.C. - Age of Pericles Three goals: (1)strengthen Athenian democracy (2)strengthen the empire (3)glorify Athens 1. Notebook Entry: Golden Age 2. What makes something golden? EQ: How does Greece fit our model of a Classical Civilization? By the end of class are objectives are to: - identify Pericles three goals for

More information

THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS BCE

THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS BCE THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS 500-450 BCE By Mrs. Erin C. Ryan 2016 Who was Herodotus? Herodotus (c. 484 425/413 BCE) was a traveler and writer who invented the field of study known today as history. He was called

More information

The Life Of Greece By Will Durant

The Life Of Greece By Will Durant The Life Of Greece By Will Durant The misery of everyday life in Greece - The Week - The country's deep debt and punishing austerity measures have had a devastating impact on everyday life. Here's what

More information

The Peloponnesian War

The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War Hope and Fear The truest explanation the growth of Athens to greatness and Spartan fear (Thuc. i.23.5) The majority of the Hellenes were angry with the Athenians, some wishing to

More information

The Story of Ancient Greece

The Story of Ancient Greece The Story of Ancient Greece Think about as you read 1. How were the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta different? 2. How was Athens a democracy? 3. What did the people of ancient Greece give the world?

More information

The Establishment of the Roman Republic

The Establishment of the Roman Republic Slide 1 The Establishment of the Roman Republic (c) Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 Geography of Rome Protection for Rome and Italy Rome built on seven hills Alps Barrier to the

More information

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE Setting the Stage- After Persian War: Athens comes out leader Creates Delian League Uses money to glorify Athens GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE/ATHENS Pericles Legacy: -

More information

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today.

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today. MAIN IDEA The ancient Greeks developed a complex society, with remarkable achievements in the arts, sciences, and government. Ancient Greece WHY IT MATTERS NOW The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue

More information

direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials

direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 1: The Golden Age of Greece Objectives Describe how democracy grew under Pericles. Explain how Pericles expanded the wealth and power of Athens.

More information

The Persian Wars. Section 1 Introduction

The Persian Wars. Section 1 Introduction Section 1 Introduction In the 400s B.C.E., the vast Persian Empire extended from the Middle East and northeastern Africa to modern-day Pakistan. The Persians wanted to claim Greece as well. In the 400s

More information

Philosophy of Politics

Philosophy of Politics Philosophy of Politics Athens Dracon First Public Law ca. 621 B.C. Political power to the hoplites (?) All offences punishable by death because the least offence deserves it, and I couldn t think of anything

More information

Isaid earlier that Greece, when set against the Persian empire, was

Isaid earlier that Greece, when set against the Persian empire, was 9 TWO SMALL CITIES IN ONE SMALL LAND Isaid earlier that Greece, when set against the Persian empire, was no more than a small peninsula, dotted here and there with little cities of busy merchants, a country

More information

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire January 6 January 10, 2014 I will be able to analyze the political and social institutions of the Roman Republic. I will then be able determine and collaboratively,

More information

2. Mythology A collection of stories handed down from one generation to another.

2. Mythology A collection of stories handed down from one generation to another. EGYPIAN AMERICAN INERNAIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department ERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Mid-Year Exam Review Packet Name: Class: Date: PAR 1: Vocabulary - Below you have all the vocabulary words we have

More information

The Dionysia, Drama and Democracy

The Dionysia, Drama and Democracy MDS2/3 TGW Ancient Greece: The Dionysia, Drama and Democracy Heather Sebo The holy rites that are not to be transgressed nor pried into, nor divulged Those who did reveal the mysteries could be charged

More information

Name Mod Ms. Pojer Euro. Civ. HGHS. Ancient Sparta

Name Mod Ms. Pojer Euro. Civ. HGHS. Ancient Sparta Name Mod Ms. Pojer Euro. Civ. HGHS BACKGROUND: Ancient Sparta Ancient Sparta is known today (if at all) as the militaristic rival of "enlightened" Athens in Classical Greece. Images of harsh discipline,

More information

Ancient Greece Practice Test

Ancient Greece Practice Test Name: Class: _ Date: _ Ancient Greece Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following best summarizes the geography

More information

World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Essential Questions Ancient Greece and Rome

World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Essential Questions Ancient Greece and Rome World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Essential Questions Ancient Greece and Rome Ancient Greece 25. How did the mountains, seas, islands, harbors, peninsulas, and straits of the Aegean Basin shape

More information

Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government

Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government By Cynthia Stokes Brown, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.18.16 Word Count 1,357 A Roman statue of Athena. Photo: Mimmo Jodice/CORBIS,

More information

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans INTRO: The Italian peninsula is a mountainous land, shaped like a highheeled boot. Many different people migrated to the Italian peninsula through many

More information

This material has been copied and communicated to you by or on behalf of La Trobe University under Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act).

This material has been copied and communicated to you by or on behalf of La Trobe University under Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act). Commonwealth of Australia Copyright Act 1968 Warning This material has been copied and communicated to you by or on behalf of La Trobe University under Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act). The

More information

The Meaning of Empire

The Meaning of Empire The Meaning of Empire Empire is the extension of political rule by one people over other, different peoples Popular images of empire focus on monuments, opulence, power, and wealth Actual tasks of empire

More information

The Persian Empire. Mr. Mable 2012

The Persian Empire. Mr. Mable 2012 The Persian Empire Mr. Mable 2012 Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Who were the important leaders? What were their contributions to history? The Rise of Persia The Persians

More information

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Age of Pericles 461-429 Athens reaches peak of power" Democracy also reaches peak" Prosperity and stability, glorifying Athens" 1 Age of Pericles 461-429

More information

Study Guide for the Ancient Greeks

Study Guide for the Ancient Greeks Study Guide for the Ancient Greeks There is a lot to learn about the Greeks, so start studying EARLY!! Government Type GOVERNMENT TARGETS TARGET: I can compare the source of power in this government to

More information

Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta

Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta Rivals 2 leading city-states = Sparta & Athens very different from one another Founded by descendants of Dorian invaders (from dark ages ) Located on the Peloponnesus Peninsula

More information

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C.

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. CHAPTER 5 Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. Essential Question What impact has ancient Greece had on the modern world? What You Will Learn In this chapter you will learn about the history and culture

More information

* The Archaic Age of Greece ( B.C.) The Problem in Sparta

* The Archaic Age of Greece ( B.C.) The Problem in Sparta The Problem in Sparta Sparta has a problem. In a frenzy of ambition, it has conquered and enslaved its neighbors in Messenia and Lakonia. These slaves, called helots, outnumber the Spartans at least ten

More information

CONTENTS. Preface... 5

CONTENTS. Preface... 5 CONTENTS Preface... 5 Crete and the Civilization of the Early Aegean World... 11 I The Mediterranean World...13 II Crete...15 1 Legends of Crete...15 2 The Palaces of Crete...18 3 Dress... 20 4 Religion

More information

Committee: Peloponnesian War: Delian League Crisis. Topic: BCE: Athens vs. Sparta. Co-Chairs: Rahul Gupta and Sameer Shaikh

Committee: Peloponnesian War: Delian League Crisis. Topic: BCE: Athens vs. Sparta. Co-Chairs: Rahul Gupta and Sameer Shaikh Committee: Peloponnesian War: Delian League Crisis Topic: 431-401 BCE: Athens vs. Sparta Co-Chairs: Rahul Gupta and Sameer Shaikh Director: Patrick Newcombe Contact: Rgupta18@sidwell.edu ; Sshaikh19@sidwell.edu

More information

Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 2: Fall Midterm

Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 2: Fall Midterm Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 2: Fall Midterm 0222 World History 55 Minutes 50 Questions Directions: There are 50 reading passages in this test and forty multiple choice questions.

More information

History Essay 1. Early Greek History. The Minoans, A Bronze Age Civilization BCE. Where do historians believe Hellenic history began?

History Essay 1. Early Greek History. The Minoans, A Bronze Age Civilization BCE. Where do historians believe Hellenic history began? History Essay 1 History Essay 1 Where do historians believe Hellenic history began? How did its location help Crete become a major sea power? What was the center of the Cretan Empire? How did we learn

More information

10.1 Beliefs. pp Essential Question: What makes the Greek s culture unique? Standard 6.56

10.1 Beliefs. pp Essential Question: What makes the Greek s culture unique? Standard 6.56 10.1 Beliefs pp. 270-272 Essential Question: What makes the Greek s culture unique? Standard 6.56 Success Criteria: 1. What is the body of stories about Greek gods and heroes? 2. Who is the king of the

More information

The Golden Age of Athens

The Golden Age of Athens The Golden Age of Athens What were the major cultural achievements of Athens? P R E V I E W In Athens, public funerals were held for soldiers who had died in battle. In 430 B.C.E., after a difficult year

More information

Ancient Greece. The Crucible of Civilization

Ancient Greece. The Crucible of Civilization Ancient Greece The Crucible of Civilization cru ci ble: a place or situation in which concentrated forces interact to cause or influence change or development Geography Located in southeastern Europe,

More information

Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History,

Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History, Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History, Special Ops) By John Stewart If searching for the ebook

More information

The Classical Empires

The Classical Empires The Classical Empires Mr. Stille WHAP Population Growth Urbanization Afro-Eurasia in 500 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 350 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 200 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 100 CE Persian Empire Persian Empire (558-332

More information

Notes on The Battle of Thermopylae - History Channel Video - Last Stand of the 300

Notes on The Battle of Thermopylae - History Channel Video - Last Stand of the 300 0:00: Intro - 300,000 Persians against 300 Spartans - hold the pass, or die trying Famous last stand for the Spartans Battle determined the fate of democracy and shaped the course of Western Civilization

More information

HISTORY 1130: Themes in Global History: Trade, Economy, and Empires

HISTORY 1130: Themes in Global History: Trade, Economy, and Empires HISTORY 1130: Themes in Global History: Trade, Economy, and Empires Dr. Jari Eloranta Professor of Comparative Economic and Business History Appalachian State University, Department of History Office:

More information

αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece)

αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) The Birthplace of Western Civilization Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Three AA Neolithic Europe Europe s earliest farming

More information

CONTENTS. Introduction 10. Chapter 1: The Archaic Period 17. Chapter 2: Classical Greek Civilization: The Persian Wars 65

CONTENTS. Introduction 10. Chapter 1: The Archaic Period 17. Chapter 2: Classical Greek Civilization: The Persian Wars 65 CONTENTS Introduction 10 Chapter 1: The Archaic Period 17 The Post-Mycenaean Period and Lefkandi 17 Colonization and City-State Formation 19 Olympic Games 20 Overseas Projects 21 The Beginnings of the

More information

AFRICAN CIVILIZATION. The Kushite Kingdom in Upper Egypt and the Sudan

AFRICAN CIVILIZATION. The Kushite Kingdom in Upper Egypt and the Sudan AFRICAN CIVILIZATION The Kushite Kingdom in Upper Egypt and the Sudan The Kingdom of Kush The civilization of Kush thrived from about 2000 B.C.E. to 350 C.E. Kush and Egypt had a close relationship throughout

More information

Chapter 10 The Kingdom of Kush. In what ways did location influence the history of Kush?

Chapter 10 The Kingdom of Kush. In what ways did location influence the history of Kush? Chapter 10 The Kingdom of Kush In what ways did location influence the history of Kush? 10.1. Introduction Kushites built pyramids and temples. The pyramids shown here are south of Egypt, in the present-day

More information

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C.

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. 118 This painting of Athens shows why the Greeks called the main district of government and religious buildings an acropolis, meaning city at the top. Such buildings were constructed in the highest, most

More information

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire. Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire. Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet January 6 January 11, 2016 I will then be able determine and collaboratively,

More information

THE GIFT THAT HID A NASTY SURPRISE The war between the Greek and Trojan armies finally ended last week when the Greeks used a cunning trick to mount

THE GIFT THAT HID A NASTY SURPRISE The war between the Greek and Trojan armies finally ended last week when the Greeks used a cunning trick to mount THE GIFT THAT HID A NASTY SURPRISE The war between the Greek and Trojan armies finally ended last week when the Greeks used a cunning trick to mount a surprise attack. This ends a drama that began nearly

More information

5/21/14. Introduction. Early Greek and Roman Societies. Classical Civilization in Mediterranean: Greece and Rome. Chapter 4

5/21/14. Introduction. Early Greek and Roman Societies. Classical Civilization in Mediterranean: Greece and Rome. Chapter 4 Classical Civilization in Mediterranean: Greece and Rome Chapter 4 EQ: How did early society evolve and change in the Mediterranean? Introduction The civilizations of Greece and Rome rivaled those in India

More information

COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS Spring Semester 2015

COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS Spring Semester 2015 1 COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS Spring Semester 2015 Course H/S311: The Development of Athenian Democracy: History and Institutions Course Syllabus Tuesday/Thursday 11-12.35 Instructor: Professor Edward M. Harris

More information

PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished bringing Greece under his control by winning the BATTLE OF CHAERONEA

PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished bringing Greece under his control by winning the BATTLE OF CHAERONEA PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Considered backward and barbaric though He admired Greek culture Hired Aristotle to tutor his son, Alexander Dreamed of conquering the Greek city-states PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished

More information

Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter 10: Mediterranean Society The Greek Phase Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter Overview Although the Greeks did not build a centralized state until the short reign of Alexander of Macedon,

More information

1. Sea: heavy influence on physical environment of Greece (Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea)

1. Sea: heavy influence on physical environment of Greece (Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea) 1. Sea: heavy influence on physical environment of Greece (Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea) 2. Mountains (with narrow valleys): cover more than ¾ of Greece s surface area 3. Islands: more than 2000 islands (Crete

More information

11/20/2011. Lecture 25: Macedonia. Macedonian culture. Kingdom of Macedonia

11/20/2011. Lecture 25: Macedonia. Macedonian culture. Kingdom of Macedonia Lecture 25: Macedonia HIST 225 Fall 2011 Kingdom of Macedonia Natural resources fertile soil, timber, precious metals, horses Large population 2x bigger than any polis in Greece potential for large army

More information

The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Carthage The Harbor of Carthage Carthage Carthaginian Navy

The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Carthage The Harbor of Carthage Carthage Carthaginian Navy The Punic Wars The Punic Wars 264-146 BCE Punic comes from the Latin word for Phoenician Three conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage First Punic War 264-241 BCE Fought over Sicily Second Punic War

More information

The. Focusing on the Under Pericles, Athens became very powerful and more democratic. (page 359)

The. Focusing on the Under Pericles, Athens became very powerful and more democratic. (page 359) The Age of Pericles History Social Science Standards WH6.4 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece. Looking Back,

More information

Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question

Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question Name Date Section Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question The question is based on the accompanying documents on the following pages. This question is designed to test your ability to work

More information

The Beginnings of Rome Quiz Study Guide

The Beginnings of Rome Quiz Study Guide The Beginnings of Rome Quiz Study Guide Quiz: What to Know The Legendary founding of Rome (Romulus and Remus) The three groups that inhabited Rome The areas where each group settled Why did groups choose

More information

The Greco-Roman World

The Greco-Roman World The Greco-Roman World Origins Although distinctive, still influenced by contact with Persian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian civilizations (e.g. Phoenicians) Indo-European ethnically--like those who invaded

More information

Persian Empire. Background Guide. Chair: Anna Ringheiser Website:

Persian Empire. Background Guide. Chair: Anna Ringheiser Website: Background Guide EagleMUNC Boston College Model United Nations Conference Chair: Anna Ringheiser ringheia@bc.edu Website: www.eaglemunc.org March 18-20 2016 PERSIAN EMPIRE BACKGROUND GUIDE Introduction

More information

Remember from last class...

Remember from last class... The Onset of War! Remember from last class... The republic lasted for nearly 500 years and this period marked major expansion of Roman power. During this time, Rome became the leading power in the Mediterranean.

More information

DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978

DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 October 27, 2014 DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 I can... Analyze my unit 2 exam and discuss what I could improve upon Examine the civilizations of the Minoans and Phoenicians Explain

More information

10/12/2012. A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature

10/12/2012. A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature Suzanne Collins, author of The Hunger Games, uses many allusions to ancient Rome and Greece The Capitol=the

More information

INTERNET RESOURCES. Quizzes Homework Helper Maps. Mycenaean civilization thrives in Greece. (Mycenaean headpiece, 1500s B.C.)

INTERNET RESOURCES. Quizzes Homework Helper Maps. Mycenaean civilization thrives in Greece. (Mycenaean headpiece, 1500s B.C.) Chapter 11 Ancient Greece Before You Read: Predicting Scan the title of the chapter and the lesson titles. Write three questions that you think will be answered in the chapter. One example might be What

More information