1 Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history, society, and government. Section 1: The Rise of City-States Section 2: Greek Society and Economy Section 3: Democracy in Athens Section 4: Oligarchy in Sparta
2 mystory Pericles: Calm in the Face of Danger Why was Pericles family evacuating from Athens? How were most Athenians probably feeling about the evacuation?
3 mystory Pericles: Calm in the Face of Danger What did the Athenian men plan to do about the Persian invaders? What happened to Pericles dog, Ajax, when his family left Athens?
4 mystory Pericles: Calm in the Face of Danger What evidence supports the idea that Persia was a mighty and fearsome enemy? Persia was a mighty and fearsome enemy. Evidence
5 mystory Pericles: Calm in the Face of Danger What lessons do you think Pericles learned from the experience of seeing Athens defeat the mighty Persians? Lessons of Salamis
6 mystory What is power? Who should have it? How did the Greek and Persian ideas of power differ? Persia Athens
7 The Rise of City-States Describe your local government, including important leadership positions. How does your city or town government work?
8 The Rise of City-States Academic Vocabulary eventual adj., final Studying hard will improve your eventual results at school. exclude v., to shut out or keep from participating It is against the law to exclude people because of their race or gender.
9 The Rise of City-States Physical geography helped shape Greek life and culture. Key Ideas The basic political unit of ancient Greece was the city-state.
10 The Rise of City-States Key Ideas Early Greek history was marked by frequent warfare among small city-states.
11 The Rise of City-States polis a city-state Key Terms citizen a member of a city-state who enjoys legal rights
12 The Rise of City-States Key Terms acropolis the high hill in a city-state where public buildings and temples were located politics the art and practice of government aristocracy a hereditary class of rulers
13 The Rise of City-States What are some important features of Greek geography? mountain ranges limited farm land the sea Mediterranean climate
14 The Rise of City-States How did geography influence the ancient Greeks? Greek Geographic Features and Their Influence Mountains Limited Land Sea Climate
15 The Rise of City-States Ancient Greece: Early History 2000 B.C. Minoan civilization spreads to Greece B.C B.C. Advanced Mycenaean kingdoms trade bronze weapons and pottery B.C. 750 B.C. Culture declines during the dark age.
16 The Rise of City-States What was the importance of the Iliad and the Odyssey to the Greeks? The Iliad and the Odyssey
17 The Rise of City-States Ancient Greece: The City-States The polis included the people of the community, the city and surrounding area, and its government. On the acropolis, or high city, the important activities of government and religion took place. Greek settlers established city-states throughout the Mediterranean.
18 The Rise of City-States Diversity Among the City-States Why was the small size of the polis important? What kinds of governments did the city-states have?
19 The Rise of City-States The city-state became one of the most important features of Greek culture. What evidence supports this idea? Evidence of Importance of City-State
20 The Rise of City-States What is power? Who should have it? Trace the rise of the city-state in ancient Greece.
21 Greek Society and Economy Community Groups Think about groups in your community. Might some of those groups also have existed in ancient Greece? Identify Predict
22 Greek Society and Economy Academic Vocabulary obtain v., to gain Traders obtained olive oil from the Greeks. symbolize v., to represent The stars on our national flag symbolize the states.
23 Greek Society and Economy Key Ideas Greek society was divided according to wealth and legal status. Women had clear roles and few rights in the Greek city-states.
24 Greek Society and Economy Key Ideas Geography and limited resources spurred conquest, trade, and colonization.
25 Greek Society and Economy Key Terms tenant farmer a person who paid rent, either in money or crops, to grow crops on somebody else s land metic a resident foreigner slavery the ownership and control of other people as property
26 Greek Society and Economy Ancient Greek Women Free Greek women were noncitizens. Women s status varied from city-state to city-state. Greek women oversaw most household duties.
27 Greek Society and Economy How did the role and status of women differ in Sparta and Athens? Athenian Women Both Spartan Women
28 Greek Society and Economy Land Ownership and Status What part did landownership play in determining a person s standing in Greek society? How did tenant farmers differ from landowners? How did people become slaves in ancient Greece?
29 Greek Society and Economy What status did noncitizens have in Greek society? Noncitizens in Greek Society Women Metics Slaves
30 Greek Society and Economy Effects of Overpopulation and Land Hunger The ancient Greeks had limited farmland and resources to support a growing population. Some Greek city-states conquered their neighbors to acquire land and resources. Some Greeks established colonies on the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.
31 Greek Society and Economy What did the Greeks consider an ideal site for a colony? Ideal Site for a Colony
32 Greek Society and Economy Effects of Mediterranean Trade In what ways did trading affect the cultures of the Mediterranean? What effect did trading have on the social structure of Greece?
33 Greek Society and Economy Main Ideas About Greek Society and Economy
34 Greek Society and Economy What is power? Who should have it? Who held the most power in the Greek family?
35 Democracy in Athens What words do you connect with democracy? Democracy
36 Democracy in Athens Academic Vocabulary maintain v., to keep and support Our government maintains an army for defense. lecturer n., a person who gives an informative talk to students Our lecturer is an expert on life in ancient Greece.
37 Democracy in Athens Key Ideas Greek city-states experimented with many forms of government, including oligarchy and tyranny. In Athens, democracy developed. Citizens participated in lawmaking and the courts.
38 Democracy in Athens Key Ideas Athenian democracy and the responsibilities of citizenship developed gradually over many years.
39 Democracy in Athens Key Terms oligarchy a government in which a small number of people hold political power phalanx a formation of heavily armed foot soldiers who moved together as a unit
40 Democracy in Athens Key Terms tyranny a government run by one strong leader democracy a government run by many people
41 Democracy in Athens Key Terms citizenship membership in a community direct democracy a political system in which citizens participate directly in decision making representative democracy a political system in which citizens elect others to represent them
42 Democracy in Athens How did tyranny differ from oligarchy in ancient Greece? Tyranny Shared Oligarchy
43 Democracy in Athens The Phalanx In what ways was the phalanx different from earlier battle formations? Why do some believe that there is a connection between the phalanx and the way larger numbers of people gained political power?
44 Democracy in Athens Moving Toward Democracy 594 B.C. Solon reforms the courts, extends voting rights to some non-aristocrats, and stops the practice of turning debtors into slaves. 508 B.C. Cleisthenes increases the number of voters from lower classes and gives the assembly more power B.C. Pericles increases citizen participation in government by paying citizens for jury service.
45 Democracy in Athens Citizens of Athens In Athens, citizens had various rights and responsibilities. Pericles suggested that it was not class but ability that should be recognized for leaders.
46 Democracy in Athens How did Athenian democracy work? How Athenian Democracy Worked Assembly Juries Archons Boule Council Subcommittees
47 Democracy in Athens Summarize ideas about Athenian democracy.
48 Democracy in Athens The Power of Athenian Democracy In what way was citizenship in Athens unique in the ancient world? Why do you think Athenian democracy spread to other city-states?
49 Democracy in Athens Evolution of Democracy Why is Athens described as a limited democracy? Why would it be difficult, if not impossible, to create direct democracy in a large country?
50 Democracy in Athens What is power? Who should have it? How did citizens gain power in Athens?
51 Oligarchy in Sparta Importance of the Military How does the military help our country?
52 Oligarchy in Sparta Academic Vocabulary authority n., people in power Most citizens respect authority. innovation n., a new way of doing things Some innovations, like the computer, change everyone s life.
53 Oligarchy in Sparta Key Ideas Sparta developed an oligarchic government based on military conquest. Sparta differed greatly from Athens in terms of education, citizenship, and women s roles.
54 Oligarchy in Sparta Key Terms ephor a Spartan official, elected by the assembly, who was responsible for the government s day-to-day operations and for oversight of the kings and the council helot one of the conquered Messenians who were forced to farm their land for the Spartans
55 Oligarchy in Sparta Key Terms military state a society organized for the purpose of waging war barracks military housing
56 Oligarchy in Sparta Sparta s Government Sparta s government was an oligarchy with two kings. The council of elders was Sparta s main governing body. An assembly of citizens could pass laws with the council s approval. Ephors, elected by the assembly, oversaw the daily operations of the government. They also ensured that the kings and the council operated within the law.
57 Oligarchy in Sparta Spartan Military Might Why did Sparta become a military state? In what way did the helots enable Spartan men to become a warrior class?
58 Oligarchy in Sparta Steps to Election to the Council of Elders Step 1 Male youths undergo years of military training and service. Step 2 To become citizens, Spartan men must gain entry into a men s club. Step 3 When Spartan men become citizens, they obtain membership in the assembly and the right to land worked by helots. Step 4 At age 60, citizens are eligible to join the council of elders.
59 Oligarchy in Sparta Roles and Rights in Sparta Spartan Men Shared Spartan Women
60 Oligarchy in Sparta Comparing Athens and Sparta
61 Oligarchy in Sparta Sparta and Athens: A Stark Contrast Thucydides made observations about the differences between these city-states: The Athenians were addicted to innovation. The Spartans had a genius for keeping what you have got. In time, the differences between Sparta and Athens led to conflict and war.
62 Oligarchy in Sparta Two Extremes in Ancient Greece Why did other Greek city-states both fear and admire Sparta? Why do you think Thucydides said Athenians were addicted to innovation? Why did he say the Spartans had a genius for keeping what you have got?
63 Oligarchy in Sparta What is power? Who should have it?
3 Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n Hellenistic Period (Alexander s Empire) Vocabulary n Allegory
Warring City-States Chapter 5, Section 2 Rule and Order in Greek City- States Polis city state, fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece. - most controlled 50 to 500 square miles. - less than 10,000
WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing the influence of geography on Greek
WARRING CITY-STATES There were different ways to rule a polis, (city-state) IN ANCIENT GREECE: Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people Question
Name Hour Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. What does the statement Greeks did not live on land,
Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods
The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan
name: hr: group / solo due on: Rule and Order in Greek City-States How were city-states governed? (page 127) The center of Greek life was the polis, or city state. A polis was made up of a city and the
Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta What were the major differences between Athens and Sparta? P R E V I E W Examine the two illustrations of ancient Greek city-states your teacher will show you.
The Story of Ancient Greece Think about as you read 1. How were the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta different? 2. How was Athens a democracy? 3. What did the people of ancient Greece give the world?
Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Pages 232 234 Island of Crete 2000 BCE Knossos most notable Located in Pelopennesus (southern Balkan Peninsula) Written language: Linear A undecipherable Traded with other
A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars Persian War Athens & Sparta vs. Persian Empire Peloponnesian War Athens vs. Sparta Brief History of Greece The first great civilization in Greece and Crete was the
THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE I) The Illiad a. Greatest epic poem in literature b. Homer, blind poet, tells the story the Trojan War i. Greeks lay siege to Troy for ten years because Paris of
MAIN IDEA The ancient Greeks developed a complex society, with remarkable achievements in the arts, sciences, and government. Ancient Greece WHY IT MATTERS NOW The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue
city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos citizen - a person who is part of a certain society; in Greece, only
1 Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece Name Date Block Greek Geography The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. Locations and places
Greco-Roman Civilization "had Greek civilization never existed we would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. - W. H Auden
T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w Democracy. Philosophy. Sculpture. Dramatic tragedies. The Olympic Games. Many of the fundamental elements of Western
Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) The Minoans The Minoans established a brilliant early civilization on the island of Crete. The Minoans traded with Egypt and Mesopotamia. They acquired ideas and technology
Date: 1 THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION The ancient G introduced many valuable i that i the way we live today. The Greeks lived on a small, rocky p in southeast E. They were unable to f most of their
CONTENTS Preface... 5 Crete and the Civilization of the Early Aegean World... 11 I The Mediterranean World...13 II Crete...15 1 Legends of Crete...15 2 The Palaces of Crete...18 3 Dress... 20 4 Religion
Chapter 10: Mediterranean Society The Greek Phase Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter Overview Although the Greeks did not build a centralized state until the short reign of Alexander of Macedon,
Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,
The Persian Empire Mr. Mable 2012 Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Who were the important leaders? What were their contributions to history? The Rise of Persia The Persians
Ancient Greece Where is Greece? In Europe Athens, the capital of Greece What does our government in the United States have in common with ancient Greece? 1. democracy: the people vote for leaders 2. architecture:
Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller Nick Waller, from Salem, Illinois, wrote this paper about the ancient Spartans for Dr. Lee Patterson s His 3140 class in the fall semester of 2014.
The Greco-Roman World Origins Although distinctive, still influenced by contact with Persian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian civilizations (e.g. Phoenicians) Indo-European ethnically--like those who invaded
1 COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS Spring Semester 2015 Course H/S311: The Development of Athenian Democracy: History and Institutions Course Syllabus Tuesday/Thursday 11-12.35 Instructor: Professor Edward M. Harris
The Golden Age of Athens What were the major cultural achievements of Athens? P R E V I E W In Athens, public funerals were held for soldiers who had died in battle. In 430 B.C.E., after a difficult year
CHAPTER 5 Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. Essential Question What impact has ancient Greece had on the modern world? What You Will Learn In this chapter you will learn about the history and culture
The Classical Empires Mr. Stille WHAP Population Growth Urbanization Afro-Eurasia in 500 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 350 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 200 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 100 CE Persian Empire Persian Empire (558-332
Section 1 Introduction In the 400s B.C.E., the vast Persian Empire extended from the Middle East and northeastern Africa to modern-day Pakistan. The Persians wanted to claim Greece as well. In the 400s
Classical Civilizations in Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East Chapter 5 pp. 102-106 The First Marathon. In 490 B.C.E. a Greek soldier named Pheidippides ran to bring the Athenians the news of the defeat
Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Instructions... There are two PowerPoint lessons within this one large file. It is your job to read and take note of what you deem important
Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Age of Pericles 461-429 Athens reaches peak of power" Democracy also reaches peak" Prosperity and stability, glorifying Athens" 1 Age of Pericles 461-429
1. Notebook Entry: Golden Age 2. What makes something golden? EQ: How does Greece fit our model of a Classical Civilization? By the end of class are objectives are to: - identify Pericles three goals for
EGYPIAN AMERICAN INERNAIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department ERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Mid-Year Exam Review Packet Name: Class: Date: PAR 1: Vocabulary - Below you have all the vocabulary words we have
Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government By Cynthia Stokes Brown, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.18.16 Word Count 1,357 A Roman statue of Athena. Photo: Mimmo Jodice/CORBIS,
Classical Civilization in Mediterranean: Greece and Rome Chapter 4 EQ: How did early society evolve and change in the Mediterranean? Introduction The civilizations of Greece and Rome rivaled those in India
Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History, Special Ops) By John Stewart If searching for the ebook
EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans INTRO: The Italian peninsula is a mountainous land, shaped like a highheeled boot. Many different people migrated to the Italian peninsula through many
Classical Civilizations: Mediterranean Basin 2 WH011 Activity Introduction Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Sparta. To help out with this, I ve got some
The Meaning of Empire Empire is the extension of political rule by one people over other, different peoples Popular images of empire focus on monuments, opulence, power, and wealth Actual tasks of empire
Study Guide Chapter 5 Ancient Egypt and Kush 1) cataract: a waterfall or rapids in a river Key Vocabulary Terms: 9) bureaucrat: a government official 2) delta: a fan shaped are of silt near where a river
118 This painting of Athens shows why the Greeks called the main district of government and religious buildings an acropolis, meaning city at the top. Such buildings were constructed in the highest, most
THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS 500-450 BCE By Mrs. Erin C. Ryan 2016 Who was Herodotus? Herodotus (c. 484 425/413 BCE) was a traveler and writer who invented the field of study known today as history. He was called
Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want the same thing.) The Mycenaeans Hello Mycenaeans! Originally
Chapter 11 Ancient Greece Before You Read: Predicting Scan the title of the chapter and the lesson titles. Write three questions that you think will be answered in the chapter. One example might be What
The Age of Pericles History Social Science Standards WH6.4 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece. Looking Back,
Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta Rivals 2 leading city-states = Sparta & Athens very different from one another Founded by descendants of Dorian invaders (from dark ages ) Located on the Peloponnesus Peninsula
αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) The Birthplace of Western Civilization Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Three AA Neolithic Europe Europe s earliest farming
The Life Of Greece By Will Durant The misery of everyday life in Greece - The Week - The country's deep debt and punishing austerity measures have had a devastating impact on everyday life. Here's what
Chapter 17, Section World Geography Chapter 17 Mediterranean Europe Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 17, Section
2011 Ancient History HSC Examination Sample Answers When examination committees develop questions for the examination, they may write sample answers or, in the case of some questions, answers could include.
Chapter 25 Geography and the Settlement of Greece 25.1 Introduction How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece? Tal Naveh/Shutterstock The ancient Greeks learned to use the
The Problem in Sparta Sparta has a problem. In a frenzy of ambition, it has conquered and enslaved its neighbors in Messenia and Lakonia. These slaves, called helots, outnumber the Spartans at least ten
The Beginnings of Rome Quiz Study Guide Quiz: What to Know The Legendary founding of Rome (Romulus and Remus) The three groups that inhabited Rome The areas where each group settled Why did groups choose
The Punic Wars The Punic Wars 264-146 BCE Punic comes from the Latin word for Phoenician Three conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage First Punic War 264-241 BCE Fought over Sicily Second Punic War
Name Mod Ms. Pojer Euro. Civ. HGHS BACKGROUND: Ancient Sparta Ancient Sparta is known today (if at all) as the militaristic rival of "enlightened" Athens in Classical Greece. Images of harsh discipline,
THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE Mr. Stobaugh Pericles Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government
Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. Alexander Mosaic, from Pompeii, Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale. IV) HELLENISTIC GREECE The Hellenistic period of Greek history was the period between the
The Minoans Target List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization The Aegean Civilization Illiad and the Odyssey Homer Did the people and places really
Text 1: Minoans Prosper From Trade Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece VOCABULARY Crete Aegean Sea fresco Mycenanean Arthur Evans Minoans Knossos shrine Minoans Prosper From Trade The island
Ancient Greece I INTRODUCTION Ancient Greece, civilization that thrived around the Mediterranean Sea from the 3rd millennium to the 1st century BC, known for advances in philosophy, architecture, drama,
PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Considered backward and barbaric though He admired Greek culture Hired Aristotle to tutor his son, Alexander Dreamed of conquering the Greek city-states PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished
Document A: Herodotus Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who lived in the 5 th century BCE. He was a young boy during the Persian War, and interviewed Greek veterans of the Persian War to get the
Egypt Notes The Nile Waterfalls/rapids which impede travel up the Nile are called cataracts. What have I learned? Label the Delta, Upper Egypt, Lower Egypt, Mediterranean Sea The Nile is unique because
N3 SECTION The Middle and New Kingdoms What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. The Middle Kingdom was a period of stable government between periods of disorder. 2. In the New Kingdom, Egyptian trade and military
Ancient Egypt: an Overview Timeline Old Kingdom Middle Kingdom 2650 BC 2134 BC 2125 BC 1550 BC New Kingdom 1550 BC 1295 BC http://www.thebanmappingproject.com/resources/timeline.html 1 Three Kingdoms of
A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature Suzanne Collins, author of The Hunger Games, uses many allusions to ancient Rome and Greece The Capitol=the
Chapter 10, Section World Geography Chapter 10 Mexico Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 10, Section World Geography
G e o g r a p h y C h a l l e n g e Ancient Greece G R E E C E N W E S 0 250 500 miles 0 250 500 kilometers Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection Teachers Curriculum Institute Geography and the Settlement
Ancient Egypt Land of the Pharaohs CHAPTER 4 EGYPT SECTION 1: GEOGRAPHY AND EARLY EGYPT BIG IDEA The water, fertile soils, and protected setting of the Nile Valley allowed a great civilization to arise
Reading Informational Medford 549C Work Sample Effective February 2010 Informational Text Title: Geography and the Settlement of Greece Reading Work Sample Assessment Middle School Geography and the Settlement
Mesoamerican Civilizations Human Migration Turn to page 237 and answer the two geography skillbuilder questions: What two continents does the Beringia land bridge connect? From where do scholars believe
Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot - A History Of Greece - medulla.store - Browse and Read A History Of Greece A History Of Greece Will reading habit influence your life? Many say yes. Reading a history
Geography of Ancient Greece Summary Sheet for Use in Assessment 1. At the same time that the Shang dynasty was ruling much of the Huang He River valley and the Egyptian pharaohs were building the New Kingdom
Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet January 6 January 11, 2016 I will then be able determine and collaboratively,