Warring City-States. Chapter 5, Section 2

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Warring City-States. Chapter 5, Section 2"

Transcription

1 Warring City-States Chapter 5, Section 2

2 Rule and Order in Greek City- States Polis city state, fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece. - most controlled 50 to 500 square miles. - less than 10,000 residents Acropolis fortified hilltop where citizens gathered to discuss city govt.

3 Political Structures Monarchy king rules the government. - some cities ruled this way. Aristocracy others adopted, govt. ruled by small group of noble, landowning families. - usually gain power after serving in kings military cavalry. Oligarchy govt. ruled by a few powerful people. - many artisans/merchants

4 Tyrants Seize Power Tyrants powerful individuals who seized control by appealing to the people. - not harsh/cruel - helped their supporters when in power

5 Athens Builds a Limited Democracy. Democracy rule by the people - takes root in Athens - citizens participate directly (Direct Democracy) Draco 621 B.C., developed legal code. - equality under the law - dealt harsh w/ criminals - upheld debt slavery

6 Cont. Solon 549 B.C: outlawed debt slavery. - organized all into four social classes based on wealth. - top 3 classes could hold office, but all can participate in political assembly. - any citizen can bring charges on others.

7 Cont. Cleisthenes 500 B.C: organized citizens into 10 groups based on address. - all can submit laws for debate - created Council of Five Hundred, who proposed laws/ chosen at random. - Only adult property owners could be citizens/ have rights.

8 Education Only sons of wealthy were educated mostly. - began at 7yrs. - training in logic/public speaking - athletics important/ later boys go to military school. - girls did not attend school, prepared household

9 Sparta Builds Military States Peloponnesus S. part of Greece where Sparta was located. Sparta: Built a military state instead of Democracy. (Contrast w/ Athens) - helots peasants forced to stay on land they worked. - revolted, but lose. Forces Spartans to revamp military.

10 Spartan Govt. Several Branches Assembly all Spartan citizens elects officials Council of Elders 30 older citizens propose laws 5 Elected Officials carry out laws (court) 2 kings rule over military forces

11 Social Order Citizens- original inhabitants/ ruling families Noncitizens worked in commerce/industry Helots bottom servants

12 Daily Life Individual expression was discouraged. Valued duty/strength/discipline Men serve in army until 60 yrs old. - very hard life Girls receive some military training - service before all else

13 Persian Wars Iron replaced Bronze for making weapons. - cheaper, allowed ordinary citizens to serve. Hoplites foot soldier army, stood side by side. Phalanx formation of side by side fighting. - most powerful formation

14 Cont. Persian Wars btwn Greece and Persian Empire. - begins in Ionia on coast of Anatolia B.C. Persian fleet of 25,000 lands NE of Athens. - Greeks defeat Persians using Phalanx

15 Pheidippides Runs 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to bring news of Persian defeat. - collapsed and died - Greeks move more to Athens to defend city. Persians retreat.

16 B.C. Xerxes (son of Darius) decides to invade Greece. - Some Greeks sided w/ Xerxes, which allowed Persians to land on E Greece coast safely. Thermopylae narrow mountain pass Spartans Greeks defend

17 300 cont. 7k Greeks stopped Persians for 3 days Traitor leads Persians to a secret path. 300 Spartans defend the narrow pass while Greeks retreat All were killed. Athenians decided to flee Athens and fight Persians at sea.

18 Battle at Sea Xerxes burned Athens - sends warships to block channel Greek ships are more maneuverable than Persians - 1/3 of Xerxes fleet was destroyed

19 Delian League Alliance of Greek city-states Eventually drove Persians from Greece

20 Consequences Athens became head of Delian league Began to control other league members using military power. City-states became provinces of Athens

Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review

Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Geography Mainland Greece is It is made of three ;two are smaller and joined together by an to create a larger. The Sea is to the west of Greece, the Sea is to the east,

More information

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing the influence of geography on Greek

More information

Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n

Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n 3 Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n Hellenistic Period (Alexander s Empire) Vocabulary n Allegory

More information

Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks

Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks 1) peninsula: a piece of land nearly surrounded by water 2) bard: someone who writes or performs epic poems or stories about heroes and their deeds Key Vocabulary

More information

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled?

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled? Name Hour Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. What does the statement Greeks did not live on land,

More information

Chapter Introduction

Chapter Introduction Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history, society, and government. Section 1: The Rise of City-States Section 2:

More information

WARRING CITY-STATES polis Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people

WARRING CITY-STATES polis Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people WARRING CITY-STATES There were different ways to rule a polis, (city-state) IN ANCIENT GREECE: Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people Question

More information

The Persian Empire. An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland.

The Persian Empire. An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland. The Persian Empire An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland. Hello Sports Fans! Read Section 1: The Persian Empire 2. How did the Persians build their empire? Persia started in southwestern Iran

More information

ATHENS AND SPARTA. Brief #2

ATHENS AND SPARTA. Brief #2 ATHENS AND SPARTA Brief #2 Although Athens and Sparta were both a part of what is considered to be Ancient Greece, they were 2 independent city-states These 2 city-states had different cultures and political

More information

Cyrus the Great. A tolerant ruler he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a Law-Giver.

Cyrus the Great. A tolerant ruler he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a Law-Giver. The Persian Empire: Cyrus the Great A tolerant ruler he allowed different cultures within his empire to keep their own institutions. The Greeks called him a Law-Giver. 580 529 B. C. E. The Jews called

More information

Located in southwestern Iran Building an empire Same time Athens was becoming a democracy

Located in southwestern Iran Building an empire Same time Athens was becoming a democracy Located in southwestern Iran Building an empire Same time Athens was becoming a democracy Built a strong Persian army Began creating an empire that became the largest in the ancient world Armies took

More information

Athens and Sparta. Chapter 7, Section 2

Athens and Sparta. Chapter 7, Section 2 Athens and Sparta Chapter 7, Section 2 Objectives In this section you will 1. Learn how people lived in ancient Sparta. 2. Discover some results of the Persian invasion of Greece. 3. Understand the conflicts

More information

Objectives for Chapter 4

Objectives for Chapter 4 Objectives for Chapter 4 Describe how geography and the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations influenced Greek culture. Compare the city-states of Sparta and Athens Identify the causes and effects of Greek

More information

Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies

Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies Name: Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies Directions 1. Using page 117 in your textbook, complete the following task: Cities Continents, Islands, Regions Bodies of Water Carthage Athens

More information

Sparta & Athens. IMPORTANT!!! All answers should be in the form of short-answer response. Part 1: Geography

Sparta & Athens. IMPORTANT!!! All answers should be in the form of short-answer response. Part 1: Geography Name: Period: Sparta & Athens IMPORTANT!!! All answers should be in the form of short-answer response. Part 1: Geography A. Physical Features and Attributes of Sparta and Athens 1. Identify Athens and

More information

Ancient Greece B.C.E.

Ancient Greece B.C.E. Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Section 1 of Greece Geography and effect on Greece. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian

More information

The Polis ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMY ATHENS AND SPARTA

The Polis ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMY ATHENS AND SPARTA The Polis ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT ECONOMY ATHENS AND SPARTA Flow Chart This is another way of looking at the flow of the changes to the Greek Society through the Dark Ages. Please note the changes

More information

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013 Bell Work: Make sure these are in your notes. Things to remember about Persian and Greek Wars: 1. Persia under the reign of Cyrus the Great wanted to take over Asia Minor and Greece. 2. Asia Minor was

More information

name: hr: group / solo due on:

name: hr: group / solo due on: name: hr: group / solo due on: Rule and Order in Greek City-States How were city-states governed? (page 127) The center of Greek life was the polis, or city state. A polis was made up of a city and the

More information

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C.

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C. The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan

More information

Ch 4, Sec 1-2: The Early Greeks, Sparta, and Athens

Ch 4, Sec 1-2: The Early Greeks, Sparta, and Athens Ch 4, Sec 1-2: The Early Greeks, Sparta, and Athens Where is Greece A peninsula in Europe Had water on 3 sides Mountains and seas separated them. Many islands, rocky soil, and mild climate Economy of early

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Troy. KEY Ancient Greece ASIA MINOR. 100 miles km Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection

NAME DATE CLASS. Troy. KEY Ancient Greece ASIA MINOR. 100 miles km Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection Lesson 1 Rise of Greek Civilization ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the lives of the early Greeks? 2. How

More information

The Persian Wars. Section 1 Introduction

The Persian Wars. Section 1 Introduction Section 1 Introduction In the 400s B.C.E., the vast Persian Empire extended from the Middle East and northeastern Africa to modern-day Pakistan. The Persians wanted to claim Greece as well. In the 400s

More information

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Pages 232 234 Island of Crete 2000 BCE Knossos most notable Located in Pelopennesus (southern Balkan Peninsula) Written language: Linear A undecipherable Traded with other

More information

LECTURE: GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE

LECTURE: GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE I) The Illiad a. Greatest epic poem in literature b. Homer, blind poet, tells the story the Trojan War i. Greeks lay siege to Troy for ten years because Paris of

More information

A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars

A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars Persian War Athens & Sparta vs. Persian Empire Peloponnesian War Athens vs. Sparta Brief History of Greece The first great civilization in Greece and Crete was the

More information

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9)

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,

More information

THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS BCE

THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS BCE THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS 500-450 BCE By Mrs. Erin C. Ryan 2016 Who was Herodotus? Herodotus (c. 484 425/413 BCE) was a traveler and writer who invented the field of study known today as history. He was called

More information

Home work. Fill in the Blanks Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION

Home work. Fill in the Blanks Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION Date: 1 THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION The ancient G introduced many valuable i that i the way we live today. The Greeks lived on a small, rocky p in southeast E. They were unable to f most of their

More information

WHI SOL 5. Ancient Greeks

WHI SOL 5. Ancient Greeks WHI SOL 5 Ancient Greeks The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization

More information

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C.

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. CHAPTER 5 Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. Essential Question What impact has ancient Greece had on the modern world? What You Will Learn In this chapter you will learn about the history and culture

More information

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods

More information

Chapter 5 - Pages

Chapter 5 - Pages AKS 32:Ancient Greece Chapter 5 - Pages 123-149 32a - Explain how geographic features and cultural diffusion affected the development of the Greek civilizations. Greek Geography: Located Around The Seas

More information

2. Athenian Government. 3. Athenian Economy

2. Athenian Government. 3. Athenian Economy 2. Athenian Government Athens became a democracy around 500 B.C.E. However, unlike modern democracies, Athens only permitted free men to be citizens. All Athenian-born men over the age of 18 were considered

More information

Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta

Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta What were the major differences between Athens and Sparta? P R E V I E W Examine the two illustrations of ancient Greek city-states your teacher will show you.

More information

Classical Greek Civilization BC

Classical Greek Civilization BC Classical Greek Civilization 700-324 BC Little is known about the time between 1100 and 750 BC because little to no writing took place, and this is why it is called a Dark Age. Between 750 and 600 BC,

More information

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece 1 Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece Name Date Block Greek Geography The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. Locations and places

More information

Ancient Greece B.C.E.

Ancient Greece B.C.E. Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian empire (includes Turkey) and Rome. Greek geography

More information

The Story of Ancient Greece

The Story of Ancient Greece The Story of Ancient Greece Think about as you read 1. How were the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta different? 2. How was Athens a democracy? 3. What did the people of ancient Greece give the world?

More information

The Persian Empire. Mr. Mable 2012

The Persian Empire. Mr. Mable 2012 The Persian Empire Mr. Mable 2012 Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Who were the important leaders? What were their contributions to history? The Rise of Persia The Persians

More information

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p )

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p ) Name Period Parent Signature Teacher use only Chapter 9 Study Guide: Ancient Greece % MULTIPLE CHOICE: Using your textbook, completed folder activities, and your graded homework assignments, choose the

More information

Ancient Greece Practice Test

Ancient Greece Practice Test Name: Class: _ Date: _ Ancient Greece Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following best summarizes the geography

More information

Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.)

Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Greece & Persia REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Instructions... There are two PowerPoint lessons within this one large file. It is your job to read and take note of what you deem important

More information

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE Setting the Stage- After Persian War: Athens comes out leader Creates Delian League Uses money to glorify Athens GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE/ATHENS Pericles Legacy: -

More information

Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece?

Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece? Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, 2013 Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece? a. Slavery c. Democratic Government b. Oligarchy d. Military Power Tuesday - Much

More information

Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017

Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017 Announcements: 1: Check your grades! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Brain or Brawn Worksheet (Class set!) Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017 1. Get out your notes from last class. 2. Re-read

More information

Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and

Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Classical Civilizations: Mediterranean Basin 2 WH011 Activity Introduction Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Sparta. To help out with this, I ve got some

More information

Pericles Plan: 461 to 429 B.C. - Age of Pericles Three goals: (1)strengthen Athenian democracy (2)strengthen the empire (3)glorify Athens

Pericles Plan: 461 to 429 B.C. - Age of Pericles Three goals: (1)strengthen Athenian democracy (2)strengthen the empire (3)glorify Athens 1. Notebook Entry: Golden Age 2. What makes something golden? EQ: How does Greece fit our model of a Classical Civilization? By the end of class are objectives are to: - identify Pericles three goals for

More information

Greco-Roman Civilization

Greco-Roman Civilization Greco-Roman Civilization "had Greek civilization never existed we would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. - W. H Auden

More information

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) The Minoans The Minoans established a brilliant early civilization on the island of Crete. The Minoans traded with Egypt and Mesopotamia. They acquired ideas and technology

More information

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos citizen - a person who is part of a certain society; in Greece, only

More information

Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture. Herodotus. Historiê. The Persian Wars

Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture. Herodotus. Historiê. The Persian Wars Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Herodotus Historiê The Persian Wars Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Logistics Special Class: Sunday Oct. 12, 7:30-9:00

More information

The Rise of Greek City-States

The Rise of Greek City-States SECTION 2 Step-by-Step ion Objectives As you teach this section, keep students focused on the following objectives to help them answer the Section Focus Question and master core content. Understand how

More information

CONTENTS. Introduction 10. Chapter 1: The Archaic Period 17. Chapter 2: Classical Greek Civilization: The Persian Wars 65

CONTENTS. Introduction 10. Chapter 1: The Archaic Period 17. Chapter 2: Classical Greek Civilization: The Persian Wars 65 CONTENTS Introduction 10 Chapter 1: The Archaic Period 17 The Post-Mycenaean Period and Lefkandi 17 Colonization and City-State Formation 19 Olympic Games 20 Overseas Projects 21 The Beginnings of the

More information

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C.

Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. 118 This painting of Athens shows why the Greeks called the main district of government and religious buildings an acropolis, meaning city at the top. Such buildings were constructed in the highest, most

More information

Athens and Sparta THE EARLIEST GREEK CIVILIZATIONS THRIVED NEARLY 4,000 YEARS AGO. YET THEIR CULTURE STILL IMPACTS OUR LIVES TODAY.

Athens and Sparta THE EARLIEST GREEK CIVILIZATIONS THRIVED NEARLY 4,000 YEARS AGO. YET THEIR CULTURE STILL IMPACTS OUR LIVES TODAY. Athens and Sparta THE EARLIEST GREEK CIVILIZATIONS THRIVED NEARLY 4,000 YEARS AGO. YET THEIR CULTURE STILL IMPACTS OUR LIVES TODAY. What happened after the Mycenaeans? After the fall of the Mycenaeans,

More information

Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta

Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta Greek Rivals: Athens vs. Sparta Rivals 2 leading city-states = Sparta & Athens very different from one another Founded by descendants of Dorian invaders (from dark ages ) Located on the Peloponnesus Peninsula

More information

Introducing the Read-Aloud

Introducing the Read-Aloud Introducing the Read-Aloud Thermopylae: The Persians Strike Again 9A 10 minutes What Have We Already Learned? Remind students that in the last read-aloud they heard about a great battle on the plains of

More information

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today.

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today. MAIN IDEA The ancient Greeks developed a complex society, with remarkable achievements in the arts, sciences, and government. Ancient Greece WHY IT MATTERS NOW The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue

More information

UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises

UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises 1) Where did the greek civilisation surge? 2) What are the 3 periods of the history of Ancient Greece? 3) Was the Mediterranean sea important for the greeks? Yes/No. Why?

More information

Classical Greece. c.1000 B.C.- c.150 B.C.

Classical Greece. c.1000 B.C.- c.150 B.C. Classical Greece c.1000 B.C.- c.150 B.C. Geography Mountainous peninsula jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea Approximately 1,400 islands Geography directly shaped traditions and customs The Sea Sea

More information

CONTENTS. Preface... 5

CONTENTS. Preface... 5 CONTENTS Preface... 5 Crete and the Civilization of the Early Aegean World... 11 I The Mediterranean World...13 II Crete...15 1 Legends of Crete...15 2 The Palaces of Crete...18 3 Dress... 20 4 Religion

More information

Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller

Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller Sparta: A Steadfast Rock Among the Poleis Nick Waller Nick Waller, from Salem, Illinois, wrote this paper about the ancient Spartans for Dr. Lee Patterson s His 3140 class in the fall semester of 2014.

More information

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 11 : ANCIENT GREECE 2,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE

More information

The Meaning of Empire

The Meaning of Empire The Meaning of Empire Empire is the extension of political rule by one people over other, different peoples Popular images of empire focus on monuments, opulence, power, and wealth Actual tasks of empire

More information

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece Section 1 - The Rise of Greek Civilization What is the geography of Greece like? Peninsula made up of peninsulas An area of land surrounded by water on three sides

More information

Ancient Greece. Name Period

Ancient Greece. Name Period Ancient Greece Period Sparta SLMS/08 City States In Greece, independent city-states began to develop similar to the ones in Ancient Mesopotamia. Part of the reason for this is that there were mountains

More information

Persian Empire. Background Guide. Chair: Anna Ringheiser Website:

Persian Empire. Background Guide. Chair: Anna Ringheiser Website: Background Guide EagleMUNC Boston College Model United Nations Conference Chair: Anna Ringheiser ringheia@bc.edu Website: www.eaglemunc.org March 18-20 2016 PERSIAN EMPIRE BACKGROUND GUIDE Introduction

More information

THE CHALLENGE OF PERSIA. The Making of Classical Greece

THE CHALLENGE OF PERSIA. The Making of Classical Greece THE CHALLENGE OF PERSIA The Making of Classical Greece 499 BC The Challenge of Persia 486 BC 483 BC 480 BC 490 BC 479 BC Using pages 73-74, make a timeline noting important events regarding Persia and

More information

Ancient Greece B.C.

Ancient Greece B.C. Ancient Greece 1900 133 B.C. Section 1 Early Civilizations in Greece Section 2 The Greek City-States Section 3 Classical Greece Section 4 The Culture of Classical Greece Section 5 Alexander and the Hellenistic

More information

What Does Greece Look Like?

What Does Greece Look Like? From Greece to Rome Find Out Questions Find Out Questions (FOQs) are the main ideas that guide us through the unit. They will also be the questions used for unit exams. There are 3 FOQs for Unit 2: 1.

More information

direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials

direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 1: The Golden Age of Greece Objectives Describe how democracy grew under Pericles. Explain how Pericles expanded the wealth and power of Athens.

More information

Document A: Herodotus

Document A: Herodotus Document A: Herodotus Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who lived in the 5 th century BCE. He was a young boy during the Persian War, and interviewed Greek veterans of the Persian War to get the

More information

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Age of Pericles 461-429 Athens reaches peak of power" Democracy also reaches peak" Prosperity and stability, glorifying Athens" 1 Age of Pericles 461-429

More information

Study Guide for the Ancient Greeks

Study Guide for the Ancient Greeks Study Guide for the Ancient Greeks There is a lot to learn about the Greeks, so start studying EARLY!! Government Type GOVERNMENT TARGETS TARGET: I can compare the source of power in this government to

More information

Battle of Marathon B.C.E.

Battle of Marathon B.C.E. Wars of the Greeks Marathon Battle of Marathon - 490 B.C.E. The Battle of Marathon took place during the first Persian invasion of Greece, fought between the combined forces of Athens and Plataea against

More information

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts 1 Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts Notebook Number Mr. Graver Name Old World Cultures Period By now, you ve probably

More information

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam ANCIENT GREECE by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam Author Cindy Barden Illustrator Corbin Hillam Book Design and Production Good Neighbor Press, Inc. Copyright 2002 Milliken Publishing Co. All

More information

Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government

Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government Greco-Roman: Early Experiments in Participatory Government By Cynthia Stokes Brown, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.18.16 Word Count 1,357 A Roman statue of Athena. Photo: Mimmo Jodice/CORBIS,

More information

Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 2: Fall Midterm

Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 2: Fall Midterm Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 2: Fall Midterm 0222 World History 55 Minutes 50 Questions Directions: There are 50 reading passages in this test and forty multiple choice questions.

More information

The Peloponnesian War

The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War Hope and Fear The truest explanation the growth of Athens to greatness and Spartan fear (Thuc. i.23.5) The majority of the Hellenes were angry with the Athenians, some wishing to

More information

Notes on The Battle of Thermopylae - History Channel Video - Last Stand of the 300

Notes on The Battle of Thermopylae - History Channel Video - Last Stand of the 300 0:00: Intro - 300,000 Persians against 300 Spartans - hold the pass, or die trying Famous last stand for the Spartans Battle determined the fate of democracy and shaped the course of Western Civilization

More information

2. Mythology A collection of stories handed down from one generation to another.

2. Mythology A collection of stories handed down from one generation to another. EGYPIAN AMERICAN INERNAIONAL SCHOOL Elementary Social Studies Department ERM: 2 GRADE: 6 Mid-Year Exam Review Packet Name: Class: Date: PAR 1: Vocabulary - Below you have all the vocabulary words we have

More information

In summer 480 BCE, allied Greek city-states engaged a vast Persian army which was

In summer 480 BCE, allied Greek city-states engaged a vast Persian army which was P a g e 1 In summer 480 BCE, allied Greek city-states engaged a vast Persian army which was attempting to invade Greece at a mountain pass near Thermopylae. This battle was critical in the development

More information

Unit 19: Greece From Archaic to Antiquity

Unit 19: Greece From Archaic to Antiquity T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w Democracy. Philosophy. Sculpture. Dramatic tragedies. The Olympic Games. Many of the fundamental elements of Western

More information

Athens, the capital of Greece

Athens, the capital of Greece Ancient Greece Where is Greece? In Europe Athens, the capital of Greece What does our government in the United States have in common with ancient Greece? 1. democracy: the people vote for leaders 2. architecture:

More information

Philosophy of Politics

Philosophy of Politics Philosophy of Politics Athens Dracon First Public Law ca. 621 B.C. Political power to the hoplites (?) All offences punishable by death because the least offence deserves it, and I couldn t think of anything

More information

Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History,

Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History, Military History: Historical Armies Of The World & How They Changed The World (Greek History, Spartans, Roman Army, Ancient Rome, Egyptian History, Special Ops) By John Stewart If searching for the ebook

More information

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire January 6 January 10, 2014 I will be able to analyze the political and social institutions of the Roman Republic. I will then be able determine and collaboratively,

More information

The early Greeks developed important settlements, trade routes, and political ideas in the Mediterranean region.

The early Greeks developed important settlements, trade routes, and political ideas in the Mediterranean region. Print The early Greeks developed important settlements, trade routes, and political ideas in the Mediterranean region. Mountains and Seas How did physical geography influence the lives of the early Greeks?

More information

The Greco-Roman World

The Greco-Roman World The Greco-Roman World Origins Although distinctive, still influenced by contact with Persian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian civilizations (e.g. Phoenicians) Indo-European ethnically--like those who invaded

More information

History Essay 1. Early Greek History. The Minoans, A Bronze Age Civilization BCE. Where do historians believe Hellenic history began?

History Essay 1. Early Greek History. The Minoans, A Bronze Age Civilization BCE. Where do historians believe Hellenic history began? History Essay 1 History Essay 1 Where do historians believe Hellenic history began? How did its location help Crete become a major sea power? What was the center of the Cretan Empire? How did we learn

More information

* The Archaic Age of Greece ( B.C.) The Problem in Sparta

* The Archaic Age of Greece ( B.C.) The Problem in Sparta The Problem in Sparta Sparta has a problem. In a frenzy of ambition, it has conquered and enslaved its neighbors in Messenia and Lakonia. These slaves, called helots, outnumber the Spartans at least ten

More information

Meeting People Cyrus the Great (SY ruhs) Darius (duh RY uhs) Xerxes (ZUHRK SEEZ) Themistocles (thuh MIHS tuh KLEEZ)

Meeting People Cyrus the Great (SY ruhs) Darius (duh RY uhs) Xerxes (ZUHRK SEEZ) Themistocles (thuh MIHS tuh KLEEZ) Persia Attacks the Greeks What s the Connection? Section 2 explained how Greeks built strong but separate city-states. At the same time far to the east, the Persians were building a powerful empire. It

More information

World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Essential Questions Ancient Greece and Rome

World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Essential Questions Ancient Greece and Rome World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Essential Questions Ancient Greece and Rome Ancient Greece 25. How did the mountains, seas, islands, harbors, peninsulas, and straits of the Aegean Basin shape

More information

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans INTRO: The Italian peninsula is a mountainous land, shaped like a highheeled boot. Many different people migrated to the Italian peninsula through many

More information

The Golden Age of Athens

The Golden Age of Athens The Golden Age of Athens What were the major cultural achievements of Athens? P R E V I E W In Athens, public funerals were held for soldiers who had died in battle. In 430 B.C.E., after a difficult year

More information

Classical Civilizations in Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East Chapter 5

Classical Civilizations in Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East Chapter 5 Classical Civilizations in Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East Chapter 5 pp. 102-106 The First Marathon. In 490 B.C.E. a Greek soldier named Pheidippides ran to bring the Athenians the news of the defeat

More information

Conflict in the Greek World

Conflict in the Greek World SECTION 3 Step-by-Step ion Objectives As you teach this section, keep students focused on the following objectives to help them answer the Section Focus Question and master core content. Summarize how

More information