DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978

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1 October 27, 2014 DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 I can... Analyze my unit 2 exam and discuss what I could improve upon Examine the civilizations of the Minoans and Phoenicians Explain why the Phoenicians are known as "The Carriers of Civilization" Oct 19 2:31 PM Vocabulary "Carriers of Civilization" Definition Nickname given to the Phoenicians because of their extensive trade routes throughout the Mediterranean Oct 24 7:50 AM Oct 27 7:21 AM Thought Question: What is the geographic and social importance of the Mediterranean Sea? Sep 25 2:23 AM 1

2 Early Civilizations of the Mediterranean Region Minoan Society Minoan Civilization Knossos = Minoan capital city The Minoans existed from 2,000 BCE 1,400 BCE They lived on Crete, a large island on the Southern edge of the Aegean Sea The Minoans were an extremely advanced civilization produced some of the finest pottery of the ancient world Sep 25 2:26 AM Role of Women Minoan architectural style had a huge influence on Greek architecture, that will emerge after the Minoans Sep 25 2:36 AM Minoan's Mysterious End Evidence shows that women probably held a higher rank than most cultures surrounding the Minoans Minoan Civilization ended around 1200 BCE Women are depicted as Priestesses in charge of some religious ceremonies Archaelogical evidence shows that a series of earthquakes destroyed Minoan cities Minoan Culture Minoans placed special emphasis on Bulls and other animals Many believe that a catastrophic volcanic eruption took place, following the series of earthquakes which ultimately led to the downfall of the Minoan Civilization Bull Jumping = popular athletic sport Legend of the "Minotaur" Evidence of animal sacrifice Sep 25 2:46 AM Sep 25 2:56 AM 2

3 October 28, 2014 DO NOW: Take out notes 3.1 I can... Explain why the Phoenicians are known as "The Carriers of Civilization" Minoans are remembered for their vast wealth they collected as traders of the Mediterranean world Interpret Phoenician writing and discuss the impact their writing system had on how we teach reading in modern times Their religion, architecture, and the importance of sports were adopted by the Ancient Greeks which emerged as the dominate culture of the Mediterranean after the Minoans Oct 19 2:34 PM Vocabulary Polis a Greek city state the fundamental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C. Oct 19 2:31 PM Phoenician Civilization Epic Poems long narrative poems celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes Phoenician Civilization emerged around 1100 BCE (after the Minoans) Phoenicians established city states and colonies in the Mediterranean Region Homer blind poet of Ancient Greece who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey Phoenician society revolved around an extensive trading network which spanned throughout the Mediterranean Sea Iliad epic poem written by Homer in which the heroes are the warriors Achilles and Hector of Troy. Odyssey epic poem written by Homer in which he describes the adventures of Odysseus and his defeat of the Trojans. Oct 24 7:56 AM Most Important City States: Tyre Sidon Carthage Sep 25 3:16 AM 3

4 "Carriers of Civilization" Phoenicians became known as the "carriers of civilization" because of their trade routes Along with goods such as purple dye, wine, and cedar (wood) they combined and spread the cultures of the Egyptians, Greeks, and Persians Phoenician Alphabet **Since the Phoenicians developed an intricate trade network; they needed to develop an easy way to record their transactions The Phoenician system of writing was "phonetic" = one letter represented a sound *** The Phoenician alphabet laid the foundation for the Greek system of writing which in turn helped to establish the English alphabet that we use today Sep 25 3:25 AM 4

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