αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece)"

Transcription

1 αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) The Birthplace of Western Civilization Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Three AA

2 Neolithic Europe Europe s earliest farming communities developed in Greece and the Balkans around 6500 B.C. Their staple crops of emmer wheat and barley were of near eastern origin, indicating that farming was introduced by settlers from Anatolia Farming spread most rapidly through Mediterranean Europe. Society was mostly composed of small, loose knit, extended family units or clans They marked their territory through the construction of megalithic tombs and astronomical markers

3 Stonehenge in England

4 Hanobukten, Sweden

5 Neolithic Europe Society was mostly composed of small, loose knit, extended family units or clans These were usually built over several seasons on a part time basis, and required little organization However, larger monuments such as Stonehenge are evidence of larger, more complex societies requiring the civic organization of a territorial chiefdom that could command labor and resources over a wide area. Yet, even these relatively complex societies had no towns or cities, and were not literate

6 Ancient Aegean Civilization Minos and the Minotaur. Helen of Troy. Odysseus and his Odyssey. These names, still famous today, bring to mind the glories of the Bronze Age Aegean. But what was the truth behind these legends? The Wine Dark Sea In Greek Epic, the sea was always described as wine dark, a common appellation used by many Indo European peoples and languages. It is even speculated that the color blue was not known at this time. Not because they could not see it, but because their society just had no word for it! The Aegean Sea is the body of water which lays to the east of Greece, west of Turkey, and north of the island of Crete. In the ancient world, during the Bronze Age and the Classical Period, it was one of the most important bodies of water of the Western world.

7 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Wine Dark Sea The Minoans This small sea is what linked the cities and palaces of the region to one another and allowed for the trade of goods and ideas between far-flung peoples. In many ways, it was to the Ancient World what the modern freeway system is to the United States. This sea gave rise to a series of great civilizations, the first of the Ancient World in Europe; the Minoans of Crete and the Mycenaean of Greece, as well as lesser powers such as Illium on the western coast of Anatolia (modern day Turkey) which was the basis for the Troy of literature. The term Minoan is used to refer to the powerful civilization that arose on the island of Crete during the Bronze Age.

8 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Minoans The name Minoan comes from the mythological king Minos who was said to have built the Labyrinth to hide the monstrous Minotaur. Archeologists who discovered the remains of the civilization in the 19th century named the ancient people Minoans after this king, because they did not know what the people had called themselves. The Minoans began to emerge as a civilization during the third millennium BC. Although the Minoans had their own language, we are unable to read it. This is because they developed their own form of hieroglyphic writing, called Linear A, but we have never been able to translate it. We have uncovered their writings in the ruins of vast Palaces which once dotted the landscape of Crete.

9 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Minoans The palaces were centers of Minoan government. Each palace would have been the home of a King, who ruled the local lands, and would have been fortified so that the kings could defend their land. They also would have contained shrines for worship, workshops, and even granaries to store food. The most spectacular palace was at Knossos and it is thought that the king of this palace would have been one of the most powerful in the region. Each King would have fielded an army to defend his land as well as numerous court officials to help administer the kingdom. The Minoans were people involved deeply in trade, and this made them very wealthy.

10 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Minoans Minoan traders would have reached such far off lands as Egypt, Anatolia, and even the land of Canaan. They were also a religious people, but, unlike in the lands of many of their neighbors, their religion was focused mainly on the worship of a number of goddesses. They also seemed to hold the Bull in reverence, and murals in the palaces depict festivals where men jumped over the animal. They were also masterful builders and engineers; Minoan cities show evidence of stone paved roads and even working sewer systems. At their height, the Minoans had a major influence upon their neighbors; especially the Mycenaean Greeks to the north.

11 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Mycenaean The Mycenaean Greeks were a civilization that existed on the Greek mainland during the Bronze Age from roughly 1600 through 1100 BC. This civilization is important because it eventually gave rise to that of Classical Greece and also because events that occurred during this era were inspirations for many of the stories of Greek myth, especially the epic poems of Homer, such as the Iliad. Much like the Minoans, the term Mycenaean was one given to the society by later archeologists to differentiate it from later Classic Greece, and the name was chosen based on the discovery of the palace at Mycenae, which was one of the most powerful of the era. The Mycenaean had many words to describe their people, but one of the most popular appears to have been 'Achaean'. This term was later used by Homer to describe the Greeks who fought at Troy.

12 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Mycenaean The Mycenaean Greeks were heavily influenced by the Minoans to the South; in fact, after the Minoan civilization declined after a devastating volcanic eruption, the Mycenaean were able to take control of Crete. Much like their southern neighbors, they too had a society that was built upon great palaces, and they heavily engaged with trade throughout the Aegean and the eastern Mediterranean. No one king was powerful enough to rule all of Greece, and so the Mycenaean were a collection of small states, each ruled by kings who occasionally came together in alliances. The Mycenaean were a warrior society and their most prestigious soldiers fought in Chariots; great, horse-drawn carts that were quick and maneuverable. After they took control of Crete, they also began to move in and settle the islands and shores of western Anatolia.

13 Ancient Aegean Civilization The Mycenaean There are some who believe it was then that the Greeks came into conflict with the city of Ilium, or Troy, and this gave birth to the stories of the Trojan War. The Minoans also inspired the creation of the Linear B a Greek form of writing that was heavily based on the earlier Minoan form. From this writing form, we know that the Mycenae spoke a very early form of the Greek language and that they also worshiped many of the same Gods, such as Zeus, that the later Greeks would worship during the Classical Era.

14 Greek Geography Few places show how geography impacts culture and development like ancient Greece. From its roots as a seafaring culture to the massive trading system built by its merchants, the landforms of Greece have long kept its people challenged by the mountainous terrain and focused on the sea. If you were to land in the middle of Greece, the first topographic feature you'd notice is that it's one hilly country. Major landforms range from sloping hills in the east, suitable for growing grapes for wine and olives for oil, all the way to rocky outreaches in the north and west, such as Mount Olympus itself, the mythological home of the Greek gods. At just over 9,500 feet, Mount Olympus is almost as tall as Mount Hood in Oregon. On the western coast of Greece, we also find the Pindus Mountains.

15 Mount Olympus

16 Greek Geography While mountains dominate the northern and western reaches of Greece, the majority of ancient Greek settlements were located in the eastern and southern parts of the country. As you might expect, Greek's mountainous terrain has had a huge impact on the country's development and history. Overview of Ancient Greek Geography Located at the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, Greece itself is surrounded by the sea. It is entirely composed of islands and peninsulas and surrounded by the Ionian, Adriatic and Aegean Seas. A peninsula is an area of land bounded on three sides by water. In ancient times, the peninsula of Attica extended like a pointed finger from the mainland, with its famous city of Athens at its tip.

17 Overview of Ancient Greek Geography Halfway down Attica, the Isthmus of Corinth connects the rest of Greece with its largest peninsula, the Peloponnese, originally home to ancient cities like Olympia and Sparta. An isthmus is a slim strip bordered on two sides by water that connects two areas of land. Off the coast of mainland Greece are a number of islands. Among the largest are Crete and Rhodes, but dozens of smaller islands can also be found in the Aegean Sea. With water separating many settlements, and mountains blocking most land routes, it comes as no surprise that the ancient Greek nation was very decentralized and developed into a number of city-states, rather than a single political entity.

18 Topographical Map of Ancient Greece

19 Agricultural Patterns In other parts of the ancient world, civilizations had wide-ranging plains upon which to plant their crops. No such plains presented themselves in Greece. In the eastern part of Greece, sloping hills created ideal growing conditions for the grapes and olives used in oil and for wine. In Western Greece, the terrain was too mountainous to permit much in the way of agriculture. Needless to say, grapes and olives goods found their way into Greek cuisine as well as folklore - olive trees in particular played a major role in the founding of Athens. However, terrestrial concerns were secondary to the Greeks, as many of them earned their living from the sea, with fish and seafood making significant contributions to ancient Greek cuisine.

20 An olive orchard in Greece

21 Importance of the Mediterranean Sea Proximity to so much water provided more than food and local transportation for the ancient Greeks; the country was also closely situated to the center of many Mediterranean trading routes. For example, ancient Greece was only a short sail from the Ionian cities of Western Anatolia, many of which originated as Greek colonies established to provide increased trading opportunities. Ancient Greece was also a relatively short sail to the great trading centers of Phoenicia, which stood between its colonies in Africa and southern France. In short, ancient Greece was located at the center of the known world and cultivated its trade links in order to take advantage of its position.

One of the earliest civilizations began on the island of CRETE This was the Minoan civilization, named for King MINOS Crete is long and narrow, about

One of the earliest civilizations began on the island of CRETE This was the Minoan civilization, named for King MINOS Crete is long and narrow, about One of the earliest civilizations began on the island of CRETE This was the Minoan civilization, named for King MINOS Crete is long and narrow, about 60 miles from the mainland The climate was mild and

More information

Target. List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization

Target. List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization The Minoans Target List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization The Aegean Civilization Illiad and the Odyssey Homer Did the people and places really

More information

1. Sea: heavy influence on physical environment of Greece (Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea)

1. Sea: heavy influence on physical environment of Greece (Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea) 1. Sea: heavy influence on physical environment of Greece (Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea) 2. Mountains (with narrow valleys): cover more than ¾ of Greece s surface area 3. Islands: more than 2000 islands (Crete

More information

Lesson 1

Lesson 1 Lesson 1 Objectives Evaluate how geography affected people of the Aegean Cultures. Study the effects of trade on he growth of the Minoan customs and ideas to their way of life. Observe how the Mycenaeans

More information

Chapter 4. Daily Focus Skills

Chapter 4. Daily Focus Skills Chapter 4 Daily Focus Skills Chapter 4 On a historical map of the ancient Mediterranean area, locate Greece and trace the boundaries of its influence to 300 BC/BCE. Explain how the geographical location

More information

January 6, Chapter 7 & 8 Vocab. due Wednesday, 1/11

January 6, Chapter 7 & 8 Vocab. due Wednesday, 1/11 Chapter 7 & 8 Vocab. due Wednesday, 1/11 Chapter 7 & 8 Map due today! January 6, 2017 Have out the following items: 1. Chapter 7&8 Map due today! 2. Writing Utensil (pencil preferred) Vocabulary Quiz next

More information

DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978

DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 October 27, 2014 DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 I can... Analyze my unit 2 exam and discuss what I could improve upon Examine the civilizations of the Minoans and Phoenicians Explain

More information

Good morning! You need: both sheets from yesterday! Write HW in agenda: BRING IN CANS. College day tomorrow: Wear college shirts and hats!

Good morning! You need: both sheets from yesterday! Write HW in agenda: BRING IN CANS. College day tomorrow: Wear college shirts and hats! Good morning! You need: both sheets from yesterday! Write HW in agenda: BRING IN CANS College day tomorrow: Wear college shirts and hats! Ancient Greece BIG IDEA: Greece s geography and closeness to seas

More information

THE PREHISTORIC AEGEAN AP ART HISTORY CHAPTER 4

THE PREHISTORIC AEGEAN AP ART HISTORY CHAPTER 4 THE PREHISTORIC AEGEAN AP ART HISTORY CHAPTER 4 INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to understand the environmental, technological, political, and cultural factors that led societies in the

More information

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods

More information

Geography and Early Greek Civilization

Geography and Early Greek Civilization Geography and Early Greek Civilization Do Now How does geography influence how you interact with your neighbors? Learning Targets and Intentions of the Lesson I Want Students to: 1. KNOW the differences

More information

7/8 World History. Week 10. The Late Bronze Age

7/8 World History. Week 10. The Late Bronze Age 7/8 World History Week 10 The Late Bronze Age Monday Do Now What do you know about Greece? Objectives Students will identify the main idea and key points in the notes. Students will compare/contrast Greece

More information

Eurasian Empires 500 BCE to 500 CE. AP World History Notes Chapter 4

Eurasian Empires 500 BCE to 500 CE. AP World History Notes Chapter 4 Eurasian Empires 500 BCE to 500 CE AP World History Notes Chapter 4 What is an Empire? Eurasian Empires of the Persia Classical Era Greece under Alexander the Great Rome China during the Qin and Han dynasties

More information

Effect of Geography on Ancient Greece. Chapter 4-1

Effect of Geography on Ancient Greece. Chapter 4-1 Effect of Geography on Ancient Greece Chapter 4-1 Greek Geography Greece is a peninsula that is covered by many mountains. Geography Continued. It is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. The

More information

Minoan Greeks Mycenaean Hellenic Hellenistic King Minos Thalossocracy

Minoan Greeks Mycenaean Hellenic Hellenistic King Minos Thalossocracy 20/04/2015 3:22 PM The Greeks were the second Mediterranean society to undertake widespread colonization, after the Phoenicians. Relative late-comers to the Aegean World; a high culture existed in the

More information

The Minoans (c B.C.)

The Minoans (c B.C.) The Minoans (c.2000-1500 B.C.) The first Greek civilization was that of the Minoans on the island of Crete. The Minoans were heavily influenced by two older civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Egyptian

More information

Civilization Spreads to the West

Civilization Spreads to the West Civilization Spreads to the West So far our study has concentrated on Mesopotamia and Egypt. Even before 2000 B.C., there were noteworthy civilizations outside these two areas. Between 2000 and 1000 B.C.

More information

Geographic Background 7/9/2009. Western Civ. Mr. Cegielski

Geographic Background 7/9/2009. Western Civ. Mr. Cegielski Essential Question: How did the Minoans and Myceneans establish the basic foundations of Classical Greek Civilization? Western Civ. Mr. Cegielski Geographic Background In ancient times, Greece was not

More information

Steps to Civilization

Steps to Civilization The Minoans Steps to Civilization 1. Sedentary life 2. Domestication of plants/animals 3. Surpluses are stored 4. Wealth increases 5. More leisure time 6. Trades specialize (focus on farming, some focus

More information

The Minoans and Mycenaeans. Who were they? Where did they come from? What did they accomplish? Where did they go?

The Minoans and Mycenaeans. Who were they? Where did they come from? What did they accomplish? Where did they go? The Minoans and Mycenaeans Who were they? Where did they come from? What did they accomplish? Where did they go? Minoan civilization arose on the island of Crete. Legacy (or gift from the past) Their legacy

More information

Early People of the Aegean

Early People of the Aegean Early People of the Aegean Minoans Island of Crete Height of Civilization is 1600-1500 BC Based on trade not conquest Trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia 1400 BC they disappear Palace at Knossos Mycenaeans

More information

Ancient Greece Packet

Ancient Greece Packet Ancient Greece Packet Ancient Greece Name: Bodies of Water: (Use blue markers or colored pencils to indicate water) Mediterranean Sea Aegean Sea Ionian Sea Gulf of Corinth Marmara Sea Other: Peloponnesus

More information

Text 1: Minoans Prosper From Trade. Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece

Text 1: Minoans Prosper From Trade. Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece Text 1: Minoans Prosper From Trade Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece VOCABULARY Crete Aegean Sea fresco Mycenanean Arthur Evans Minoans Knossos shrine Minoans Prosper From Trade The island

More information

Ancient Greece GREECE UNIT 5 GEOGRAPHY CHALLENGE. 1 Unit 5 Geography Challenge miles. Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection

Ancient Greece GREECE UNIT 5 GEOGRAPHY CHALLENGE. 1 Unit 5 Geography Challenge miles. Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection W N S E UNIT 5 GEOGRAPHY CHALLENGE Ancient Greece 0 250 500 miles 0 250 500 kilometers Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection GREECE 1 Unit 5 Geography Challenge UNIT 5 GEOGRAPHY CHALLENGE Geography Skills

More information

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p )

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p ) Name Period Parent Signature Teacher use only Chapter 9 Study Guide: Ancient Greece % MULTIPLE CHOICE: Using your textbook, completed folder activities, and your graded homework assignments, choose the

More information

Ancient Greece. Teachers Curriculum Institute Geography and the Settlement of Greece 1

Ancient Greece. Teachers Curriculum Institute Geography and the Settlement of Greece 1 G e o g r a p h y C h a l l e n g e Ancient Greece G R E E C E N W E S 0 250 500 miles 0 250 500 kilometers Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection Teachers Curriculum Institute Geography and the Settlement

More information

Geography of Ancient Greece Summary Sheet for Use in Assessment

Geography of Ancient Greece Summary Sheet for Use in Assessment Geography of Ancient Greece Summary Sheet for Use in Assessment 1. At the same time that the Shang dynasty was ruling much of the Huang He River valley and the Egyptian pharaohs were building the New Kingdom

More information

Geography of the Greek Homeland. Geography of the Greek Homeland

Geography of the Greek Homeland. Geography of the Greek Homeland We live around the sea like frogs around a pond, noted the Greek thinker Plato. Indeed, the Mediterranean and Aegean seas were as central to the development of Greek civilization as the Nile was to the

More information

αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece)

αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) The Birthplace of Western Civilization Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Three AB The Island of Crete The reason why Crete became

More information

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C.

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C. The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan

More information

Ancient Greece. Theme: Religion Theme: Society & Culture -Slide 1 -Slide2 Theme: Science & Tech. -Slide 1 -Slide 2

Ancient Greece. Theme: Religion Theme: Society & Culture -Slide 1 -Slide2 Theme: Science & Tech. -Slide 1 -Slide 2 Ancient Greece Theme: Geography Theme: Economics Theme: Politics Slide 1 Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Theme: Religion Theme: Society & Culture -Slide 1 -Slide2 Theme: Science & Tech. -Slide

More information

APWH chapter 4.notebook. September 11, 2012

APWH chapter 4.notebook. September 11, 2012 Classical Greece E Ancient Greeks were a seafaring people who learned about civilization from their neighbors (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phoenicians). Greeks exported valuable goods (olive oil, wine) and traded

More information

The odyssey. an introduction by David Adams Leeming

The odyssey. an introduction by David Adams Leeming The odyssey an introduction by David Adams Leeming Almost 3,000 years ago, people who lived in the starkly beautiful part of the world we now call Greece were telling stories about a great war. The person

More information

It had a privileged position between Asia and Africa.

It had a privileged position between Asia and Africa. UNIT 10 Ancient Greece The natural environment Ancient Greece was composed of: Balkan Peninsula, the Peloponnese and other islands in the Eastern Mediterranean. Asia Minor (now Turkey) later became part.

More information

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam ANCIENT GREECE by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam Author Cindy Barden Illustrator Corbin Hillam Book Design and Production Good Neighbor Press, Inc. Copyright 2002 Milliken Publishing Co. All

More information

Ancient Greece. Roots of Western Civilization

Ancient Greece. Roots of Western Civilization Ancient Greece Roots of Western Civilization Greece Map Identification Balkan Peninsula: Cities: Troy Mycenae Knossos Ephesus Delphi Athens Sparta Other Geographic features: Mount Olympus Aegean Sea Pelopennesus

More information

Greece Intro.notebook. February 12, Age of Empires

Greece Intro.notebook. February 12, Age of Empires Greece Intro.notebook February 12, 2016 Age of Empires 1 Objectives: 1. Identify geographic features of select areas of the classical world and explain its input on development. 2. Note the aspects of

More information

Chapter 25 Geography and the Settlement of Greece. How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece?

Chapter 25 Geography and the Settlement of Greece. How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece? Chapter 25 Geography and the Settlement of Greece 25.1 Introduction How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece? Tal Naveh/Shutterstock The ancient Greeks learned to use the

More information

History Lesson 4 The Rise of Ancient Greece (Grade 6) Instruction 4-1 Aegean Civilizations (Grade 6)

History Lesson 4 The Rise of Ancient Greece (Grade 6) Instruction 4-1 Aegean Civilizations (Grade 6) History Lesson 4 Greece is often considered the birthplace of Western civilization. It gave us: Democracy, Trial by Jury, The Theatre (Tragedy and Comedy), and The Olympic Games. The Greeks also made lasting

More information

B.C. Amphora with Chariot Race

B.C. Amphora with Chariot Race About 330 B.C. Volute Krater with Dionysos Visiting Hades and Persephone 550-530 B.C. Amphora with Chariot Race 500-450 B.C. Corinthian-style Helmet Lived circa 800 B.C. Blind poet (AKA Bard, meaning a

More information

We re Starting Period 2 Today!

We re Starting Period 2 Today! We re Starting Period 2 Today! We re dealing mainly with the following civilizations: Persia Greece Rome China India PERIOD 2 Includes the Following Chapters: - Chapter 3: Eurasia- Political Chapter 4:

More information

Ch 4, Sec 1-2: The Early Greeks, Sparta, and Athens

Ch 4, Sec 1-2: The Early Greeks, Sparta, and Athens Ch 4, Sec 1-2: The Early Greeks, Sparta, and Athens Where is Greece A peninsula in Europe Had water on 3 sides Mountains and seas separated them. Many islands, rocky soil, and mild climate Economy of early

More information

Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question

Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question Name Date Section Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question The question is based on the accompanying documents on the following pages. This question is designed to test your ability to work

More information

The early Greeks developed important settlements, trade routes, and political ideas in the Mediterranean region.

The early Greeks developed important settlements, trade routes, and political ideas in the Mediterranean region. Print The early Greeks developed important settlements, trade routes, and political ideas in the Mediterranean region. Mountains and Seas How did physical geography influence the lives of the early Greeks?

More information

Ancient Greece B.C.E.

Ancient Greece B.C.E. Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Section 1 of Greece Geography and effect on Greece. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian

More information

Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review

Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Geography Mainland Greece is It is made of three ;two are smaller and joined together by an to create a larger. The Sea is to the west of Greece, the Sea is to the east,

More information

Athens and Sparta THE EARLIEST GREEK CIVILIZATIONS THRIVED NEARLY 4,000 YEARS AGO. YET THEIR CULTURE STILL IMPACTS OUR LIVES TODAY.

Athens and Sparta THE EARLIEST GREEK CIVILIZATIONS THRIVED NEARLY 4,000 YEARS AGO. YET THEIR CULTURE STILL IMPACTS OUR LIVES TODAY. Athens and Sparta THE EARLIEST GREEK CIVILIZATIONS THRIVED NEARLY 4,000 YEARS AGO. YET THEIR CULTURE STILL IMPACTS OUR LIVES TODAY. What happened after the Mycenaeans? After the fall of the Mycenaeans,

More information

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem. 1 2012 Chapter 4 Study Guide: Ancient Greece Section 1: Early People Aegean Sea: (uh-gee-un): part of the Mediterranean Sea that forms the eastern border of Greece. Minoans

More information

Today you need: Pencil If you have your notebook-put it in bin. Thank you

Today you need: Pencil If you have your notebook-put it in bin. Thank you SS Terrific Tuesday 1/23/18 Today you need: Pencil If you have your notebook-put it in bin. Thank you Bell work: Put your name on your paper!!!! Look at the map of Ancient Greece. 1. State two-three observations

More information

The Aegean World. Trading partners with the Ancient Egyptians and the Near Eastern cultures.

The Aegean World. Trading partners with the Ancient Egyptians and the Near Eastern cultures. The Aegean World This period is the time described by the ancient Greek poet Homer in his epic poem the Iliad. Composed around 750 BC, it was unquestionably the first great work of Greek literature. The

More information

MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN WORLDS BC

MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN WORLDS BC MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN WORLDS 2000 1200 BC MAP OF GREECE INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN MINOANS, EGYPT, AND MESOPOTAMIA UNTIL 1500 BC Middle Kingdom of Egypt beginning with the time of Amenemhet II around 1930 BC

More information

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts 1 Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts Notebook Number Mr. Graver Name Old World Cultures Period By now, you ve probably

More information

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing the influence of geography on Greek

More information

Chapter Introduction

Chapter Introduction Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history, society, and government. Section 1: The Rise of City-States Section 2:

More information

10/25/2017. The Rise of Ancient Greece. The Aegean World. The Start of the Political Ideas that Shaped the Development of Western Civilization

10/25/2017. The Rise of Ancient Greece. The Aegean World. The Start of the Political Ideas that Shaped the Development of Western Civilization The Rise of Ancient Greece The Aegean World The Start of the Political Ideas that Shaped the Development of Western Civilization 1 The Aegean World Minoans (Crete) Mycenaean's (Peloponnesus) Troy (Asia

More information

Ancient Greece 1750 B.C B.C. Chapter 5

Ancient Greece 1750 B.C B.C. Chapter 5 Ancient Greece 1750 B.C.- 133 B.C. Chapter 5 5-1 Early People of the Aegean Minoan Civilization l Island of Crete, home of Minoans. l Contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia l The Palace at Knossos l Shrinesl

More information

the basic principle of justice in Hammurabi s Code ( an eye for an eye ). (H, C, E)

the basic principle of justice in Hammurabi s Code ( an eye for an eye ). (H, C, E) SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER HUMAN ORIGINS IN AFRICA THROUGH THE NEOLITHIC AGE 7.1 Describe the great climatic and environmental changes that shaped the earth and eventually permitted the growth of human

More information

Reading Informational Medford 549C Work Sample Effective February 2010 Informational Text Title:

Reading Informational Medford 549C Work Sample Effective February 2010 Informational Text Title: Reading Informational Medford 549C Work Sample Effective February 2010 Informational Text Title: Geography and the Settlement of Greece Reading Work Sample Assessment Middle School Geography and the Settlement

More information

Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea

Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea Name CHAPTER 5 Section 1 (pages 123 126) Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about belief systems in ancient China and the Qin dynasty. In this section,

More information

The Story of Ancient Greece

The Story of Ancient Greece The Story of Ancient Greece Think about as you read 1. How were the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta different? 2. How was Athens a democracy? 3. What did the people of ancient Greece give the world?

More information

Ancient Greece. Written by: Marci Haines. Sample file. Rainbow Horizons Publishing Inc. ISBN-13:

Ancient Greece. Written by: Marci Haines. Sample file. Rainbow Horizons Publishing Inc.   ISBN-13: Ancient Greece Written by: Marci Haines Rainbow Horizons Publishing Inc. Tel: 1-800-663-3609 Fax: 1-800-663-3608 Email: service@rainbowhorizons.com www.rainbowhorizons.com ISBN-13: 978-1-55319-085-1 Copyright

More information

Geography *1/5 of the land can be farmed *The Attica peninsula had the best farmland *Since Greece was made up of so many peninsulas there were many

Geography *1/5 of the land can be farmed *The Attica peninsula had the best farmland *Since Greece was made up of so many peninsulas there were many Ancient Greece Geography *Greece is on the continent of Europe *Greece is a peninsula *Peninsula- a body of land surrounded by water on three sides *Greece juts into the Mediterranean Sea *Crete and Rhodes

More information

WHI SOL 5. Ancient Greeks

WHI SOL 5. Ancient Greeks WHI SOL 5 Ancient Greeks The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization

More information

The Trojan War: Real or Myth?

The Trojan War: Real or Myth? The Trojan War: Real or Myth? By History.com on 08.10.17 Word Count 746 Level MAX The procession of the Trojan Horse into Troy by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, oil on canvas. Painted in 1727. Image from Wikimedia.

More information

THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE

THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rw3rdnc0qfc Why is it so important? Ancient Greece is called 'the birthplace of Western civilisation'. Why? =>Because they created a way of

More information

Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE

Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE It had paid-up intellectuals and progressive politics, yet ancient Greece was less civil than we are inclined to remember Find out more about the history of Ancient

More information

Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11

Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11 Name: Class: Date: 10.1: Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11 1) How did the geographical nature of Greece shape its culture? The city- states were isolated from each other due to the mountainous

More information

The Minoans, DNA and all.

The Minoans, DNA and all. Mathilda s Anthropology Blog. Just another WordPress.com weblog The Minoans, DNA and all. Posted on April 14, 2008 26 Comments Starting with the breaking DNA news, and this rather sinks the Black Athena

More information

Text 3: Homer and the Great Greek Legends. Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece

Text 3: Homer and the Great Greek Legends. Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece Text 3: Homer and the Great Greek Legends Topic 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 1: Early Greece Homer and the Great Greek Legends Not long after their victory over Troy the Mycenaeans themselves came under attack

More information

Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks

Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks 1) peninsula: a piece of land nearly surrounded by water 2) bard: someone who writes or performs epic poems or stories about heroes and their deeds Key Vocabulary

More information

Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter 10: Mediterranean Society The Greek Phase Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter Overview Although the Greeks did not build a centralized state until the short reign of Alexander of Macedon,

More information

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Pages 232 234 Island of Crete 2000 BCE Knossos most notable Located in Pelopennesus (southern Balkan Peninsula) Written language: Linear A undecipherable Traded with other

More information

A Short History of Greek and Roman Myth: Gods, Goddesses and Heroes

A Short History of Greek and Roman Myth: Gods, Goddesses and Heroes A Short History of Greek and Roman Myth: Gods, Goddesses and Heroes By USHistory.org, adapted by Newsela staff on 03.10.17 Word Count 773 Level 790L An 1866 illustration of the Roman god of the seas, Neptune,

More information

Carmella Van Vleet Illustrated by Alex Kim

Carmella Van Vleet Illustrated by Alex Kim Carmella Van Vleet Illustrated by Alex Kim contents Introduction Where in the World Was Ancient Greece? 1 chapter 1 Welcome Home! 12 chapter 2 Let s Eat! 21 chapter 3 Clothes 31 chapter 4 School, Socrates,

More information

Dawood Public School Course Outline Social Studies Class III

Dawood Public School Course Outline Social Studies Class III 1 Dawood Public School Course Outline 2014-15 Social Studies Class III Books: Mackay, Frances: Moorcroft, Christine. (2013). World Watch 3 and Work Book; Social studies for Primary schools. Oxford University

More information

WARRING CITY-STATES polis Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people

WARRING CITY-STATES polis Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people WARRING CITY-STATES There were different ways to rule a polis, (city-state) IN ANCIENT GREECE: Monarchy- rule by a king Oligarchy- rule by nobles and wealthy merchants Democracy rule by the people Question

More information

Greece Review. Quiz, Quiz, Trade

Greece Review. Quiz, Quiz, Trade Greece Review Quiz, Quiz, Trade Q: What is a polis? Answer: Greek city-state Hint #1: developed because of Greek s mountainous geography Hint #2: central focus of Greek life Hint #3: Same culture as surrounding

More information

Unit 2 Review. Word bank. dry moderate warm. central mountainous and rocky farming land

Unit 2 Review. Word bank. dry moderate warm. central mountainous and rocky farming land Unit 2 Review I Can 1 Find Features on a map. What is the land and climate like? Word bank dry moderate warm central mountainous and rocky farming land The land and climate in Egypt was warm and dry The

More information

Lessons & Activities for the Elementary & Middle School Focusing on Ancient Greek Language and Culture

Lessons & Activities for the Elementary & Middle School Focusing on Ancient Greek Language and Culture Lessons & Activities for the Elementary & Middle School Focusing on Ancient Greek Language and Culture Compiled and Edited by: Matthew D. Webb Materials by: Ms. Kristen L. Boose, Assistant Director Ms.

More information

Chapter IV: The Ancient Greeks (p.76)

Chapter IV: The Ancient Greeks (p.76) FOCUS SHEET - Chapter IV: The Ancient Greeks (p.76) Name As you read these sections, be thinking about how geography can affect political organization Also - how can differences between people lead to

More information

Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want

Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want the same thing.) The Mycenaeans Hello Mycenaeans! Originally

More information

Ancient Greece BCE

Ancient Greece BCE Ancient Greece 1600 550 BCE Ancient Greece MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION 1600 1100 BCE Who were the Greeks Shared language Settled the Greek Peninsula 2000 BCE From Balkan region north of present day Greece From

More information

OTR INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL TRIP TO ATHENS, GREECE May 2019

OTR INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL TRIP TO ATHENS, GREECE May 2019 OTR INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL TRIP TO ATHENS, GREECE 10-14 May 2019 Modern city with glorious history Combines classic with modern Magnificent museums and unique archeological sites A basis for creative full/half

More information

Essential Question: What is Hellenism? What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire?

Essential Question: What is Hellenism? What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question: What is Hellenism? Why was Alexander of Macedonia considered great? In addition to

More information

UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises

UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises 1) Where did the greek civilisation surge? 2) What are the 3 periods of the history of Ancient Greece? 3) Was the Mediterranean sea important for the greeks? Yes/No. Why?

More information

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans INTRO: The Italian peninsula is a mountainous land, shaped like a highheeled boot. Many different people migrated to the Italian peninsula through many

More information

Ancient Greece. Chapter 4

Ancient Greece. Chapter 4 Ancient Greece Chapter 4 Who were they? Traders Where did they come from? Island of Crete in the Aegean Sea Minoans http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3m5dhmsk3a Knossos Vast Palace Frescoes Watercolor Paintings

More information

CONTENTS. Preface... 5

CONTENTS. Preface... 5 CONTENTS Preface... 5 Crete and the Civilization of the Early Aegean World... 11 I The Mediterranean World...13 II Crete...15 1 Legends of Crete...15 2 The Palaces of Crete...18 3 Dress... 20 4 Religion

More information

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 11 : ANCIENT GREECE 2,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE

More information

Tour of the Holy Lands - Mycenae

Tour of the Holy Lands - Mycenae Tour of the Holy Lands - Mycenae Perseus PELOPONNESOS Corinth Olympia Mycenae Athens Sparta Now that we have seen Olympia and passed by Sparta, our next stop is Mycenae - one of the oldest cities in the

More information

Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot

Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot - A History Of Greece - medulla.store - Browse and Read A History Of Greece A History Of Greece Will reading habit influence your life? Many say yes. Reading a history

More information

Sample file. Permission is granted to backup and store the audio tracks on a CD disk.

Sample file. Permission is granted to backup and store the audio tracks on a CD disk. Congratulations on the purchase of this electronic ebook. This ebook purchase includes extra media files. When the text in this ebook references a CD track or transparency page, please refer to the extra

More information

Month Contents Page #

Month Contents Page # 1 Dawood Public School Course Outline 2017-2018 Social Studies Class III Books: Mackay, Frances: Moorcroft, Christine. (2013). World Watch 3 and work book; Social studies for Primary schools. Oxford University

More information

World History Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece

World History Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece Greece s s Geography 1. Greece s s geography was dominated by the mountainous terrain and easy access to the sea 2. The mountains: a) separated the Greek city-states b) made

More information

Geography. Greece s Physical Geography is: Peninsula (water on three sides) The Peloponnesus. Mountainous Terrain (see Map dark green)

Geography. Greece s Physical Geography is: Peninsula (water on three sides) The Peloponnesus. Mountainous Terrain (see Map dark green) Grapes Greece Geography Greece s Physical Geography is: Peninsula (water on three sides) The Peloponnesus Mountainous Terrain (see Map dark green) Extends into the Aegean Sea Includes over 2,000 Islands

More information

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today.

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today. MAIN IDEA The ancient Greeks developed a complex society, with remarkable achievements in the arts, sciences, and government. Ancient Greece WHY IT MATTERS NOW The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue

More information

Ancient Greece. Greek Literature Chapter 8, Section 3 Ancient Civilizations

Ancient Greece. Greek Literature Chapter 8, Section 3 Ancient Civilizations Warm-up Questions What created the different seasons according to Greek mythology? What was the purpose of traveling to see the oracle at Delphi? This Greek demigod is a famous hero who has been portrayed

More information