1 Air Connectivity and Its Impact on Tourism in Asia and the Pacific A Joint Program between the UNWTO, PATA and the TPO
2 Why this Report? There is a rapidly growing demand for travel Aviation is a significant component of that travel The two are not always however, well synchronized As stated in the report Separate sectorial policies on air transport and tourism result in a fundamental, and too often even conflicting disconnect which constitutes a severe constraint on the development of travel and tourism.
3 Objectives Produce a comprehensive review of how air transport has contributed to tourism development in the Asia Pacific region and vice versa. Highlight best practice cases in terms of harmonized policies, strategies and marketing programs between the tourism and aviation sectors at national, regional and city levels. Formulate practical guidelines for policymakers and other stakeholders to foster sustainable development in both the tourism and air transport sectors.
4 Partners This study was jointly conducted by: The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) in collaboration with: The Tourism Promotion Organization for Asia Pacific Cities (TPO) and with the sponsorship of: The Republic of Korea
5 Methodology Largely secondary data used: Data Published reports Some primary support: Specific surveys Personal interviews
6 Section 1: Overview of Aviation in Asia/Pacific 1.1 An Asia Perspective 1.2 Collapse of Traditional Order 1.3 Travel as Part of Asia s Social Status 1.4 Air Transport Growth & Asian Wealth correlation 1.5 Bilateral Air Agreements 1.6 The Gulf Carriers 1.7 Multiple-Brand Strategy for Legacy Carriers 1.8 Budget Carriers 1.9 Challenges for Airport Development
7 Section 2: Opportunities & Challenges 2.1 Visa Facilitation & Immigration/Border Procedures 2.2 Taxes & other Levies 2.3 Economic Regulation & Air Connectivity 2.4 Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2.5 Convergent Rules on the Protection of Travellers & Tourism Service Providers
8 Sections 3, 4 Section 3: Case Studies Australia China: Chengdu; Dalian Indonesia: Yogyakarta Japan: Kagoshima, Osaka Korea, Republic of: Busan; Jeju Island Malaysia: Kota Bharu; Kuala Lumpur Thailand: Phuket Viet Nam: Hai Phong City Section 4: Conclusion & Recommendations
10 Why Aviation?
12 The Importance of Aviation (I) A significant contributor to international travel: In 2013, almost 1.1 billion tourists crossed international borders, and over half of these tourists arrived at their respective destinations by air.
13 The Importance of Aviation (II) Furthermore UNWTO expects: The number of international tourist arrivals worldwide to increase by an average of 3.3% a year over the period With arrivals to Asia/Pacific predicted to increase even faster at 4.9% per year.
14 Development of Mega-Cities
15 The Airbus Global Market Forecast report Future Journeys covering the period , identified 42 mega-cities in Defined as those serving more than 10,000 long-haul passengers each day. Note: Long-haul traffic = international flights of further than 2,000 nautical miles.
16 Projects that a further 47 cities will reach that benchmark by Long-haul air travel is set to become more concentrated around a set of 'aviation mega-cities.
17 More than 75% of global longhaul traffic is expected to fly between such cities by 2032 (51% in 2012), making airports in those cities key locations for reaching high-spending, intercontinental travellers. Routes to, from and through the mega-cities (including flights from airports in other smaller cities) will account for 99% of all long-haul traffic, the report predicts.
18 By 2017, the 42 cities serving 10,000 or more daily long-haul passengers will have been joined by 11 more cities: Brussels, Guangzhou, Houston, Jakarta, Lagos, Lima, Lisbon, Manila, Rio de Janeiro, Seattle and Taipei. A further 16 cities will grow the list to 69 in 2022: Addis Ababa, Auckland, Barcelona, Brisbane, Dallas Fort Worth, Denpasar, Detroit, Jeddah, Mexico City, Milan, Nairobi, Panama City, Perth, Philadelphia, Riyadh and Santiago.
19 A further 16 cities will grow the list to 69 in 2022: Addis Ababa Auckland Barcelona Brisbane Dallas Fort Worth Denpasar Detroit Jeddah Mexico City Milan Nairobi Panama City Perth Philadelphia Riyadh Santiago.
20 By 2027, a further 13 cities will be included: Bogotá, Cancún, Copenhagen, Dhaka, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Helsinki, Kuwait, Luanda, Orlando, Sharm El-Sheikh, Tel Aviv and Vienna. And by 2032, seven more cities will bring the list to 89: Bahrain, Cairo, Caracas, Colombo, Ho Chi Minh City, Phuket and Tehran.
21 At that stage 26 cities will serve more than 50,000 long-haul passengers a day, and nine will process more than 100,000: London (241,000) New York (184,000) Dubai (182,000) Paris (145,000) Singapore (129,000) Frankfurt (127,000) Beijing (113,00) Shanghai (103,000) Tokyo (103,000). NOTE: *Long-haul traffic refers to international flights of further than 2,000 nautical miles.
26 The Drivers Of Air Transport Growth
27 Driver 1: Economic growth Economic growth rates in emerging regions/countries will outstrip those of the developed countries Increasing urbanisation will also drive economic growth and increase the propensity to fly.
31 Size of Global Middle Income Class in 2009 & Prediction for 2030 Global middle income class in 2009 and prediction for 2030 North America Europe Central & South America Middle East & North Africa Sub Saharan Africa Asia Pacific 100mn 500mn 1bn Source: OECD, Standard Chartered Bank; Courtesy IATA
32 Source: Airbus (2011); Courtesy IATA Passenger Air Traffic Forecast 2025
33 How is aviation developing to manage this expected growth?
43 What did we learn from the study? An example!
44 Source: org
45 Background Until 2005, two legacy airlines alone, Korean Air and Asiana Airlines, operated flight routes connecting the island and mainland. The total number of tourists to Jeju in 2005 was around 5 million, and the average occupancy rate stood at approximately 61%. At that time, the island was not highly competitive as a domestic or international destination partly because the cost of reaching the island was relatively high.
46 Background Tourism, along with agriculture, is the main industry of the island. The total number of tourists to the island stood at 8.74 million in 2011, and 9.69 million in Revenues from tourism reached US$ 5,529.3 mn in 2011, accounting for 49% of its gross regional domestic product. Since up to 90% of local tourists visit Jeju by air, it was anticipated that improving the air connectivity between the island and the mainland would attract more tourists.
47 Background The airfares of the two legacy airlines jumped in 2005 when they introduced fuel surcharges. A single LCC operated between the island and Cheongju in the centre of the nation, however it was failing to give satisfactory service to passengers. Aware of this problem adversely affecting the island's tourism, the local government finally launched a regional airline, Jeju Air, in 2006 in cooperation with the Aekyung Group.
48 Launch of a LCC The local government, one of the major shareholders of Jeju Air, made some agreements with the other shareholders to boost the island's tourism when the airline was launched: Aggressively promotion of the island as a tourist destination; Consumption of Jeju products (e.g. airline food); Employed for many of the island s residents. Currently, more than 90% of Jeju Air employees working on the island are Jeju citizens.
49 2005: Established the airline 2007: Exceeded 1 million passengers 2008: Exceeded 2 million passengers 2010: Exceeded 5 million passengers 2011: Achieved 6 million passengers (sales of 200 billion won) 2012: Achieved 10 million pax; Reached 90,000 flights 2013: Achieved 15 million pax
50 Jeju Air Impacts Stemmed the rising airfares between the island and the capital city (Seoul). Offered air services at far lower prices than the legacy airlines - local residents received a 10% discount. The success of Jeju Air encouraged other companies to enter the LCC business. Korean Air launched LCC Jin Air, and Asiana founded LCC Air Busan in cooperation with Busan Metropolitan City.
51 Jeju Air Impacts Easter Jet and T way Airlines began operating in 2007 and 2010 respectively. The number of arrival flights at Jeju Airport increased from 39,269 in 2006 to 60,361 in The number of tourists also rose sharply between 2007 and 2012.
52 Millions Total Tourists to Jeju Island 2003 to 2012, in millions Source: Jeju Special Self-Governing Province ,74 9,69 8 7,58 6 4,91 4,93 5,02 5,31 5,43 5,82 6, '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12
53 Launch of a LCC The airline has grown steadily and began flight services for international routes in Currently it provides flight services to several local cities and ten cities in other Asian nations.
54 Route Map Jeju Air Source: Jeju Air
55 Proportion (%) International Arrivals as % of Total 20% 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0%
57 Additional Benefits LCCs have significantly changed the landscape of Jeju tourism - receiving a great many more visitors regardless of the season. Repeat visitation on the rise. Expansion of accommodation styles from inexpensive to luxury.
58 In Summary A local government s active involvement in the establishment of a regional airline can lead management to run airlines in ways that: Boost the local economy, stimulate destination marketing and employ local people; Develop tour products for those arriving by LCCs; and A general improvement of tourism facilities. However, appropriate marketing activities for international tourists should be carried out together along with expanding the flight routes.
59 The Takeaway Connectivity extends Behind as well as Beyond!
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