THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE

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1 THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE Mr. Stobaugh

2 Pericles

3 Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government

4 Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government He oversaw the rebuilding of Athens after the Persian Wars

5 Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government He oversaw the rebuilding of Athens after the Persian Wars He encouraged the growth of Democracy and made reforms to encourage it s growth.

6 Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government He oversaw the rebuilding of Athens after the Persian Wars He encouraged the growth of Democracy and made reforms to encourage it s growth. He believed Athens should be a role model for (in culture and government) for all city-states?

7 Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government He oversaw the rebuilding of Athens after the Persian Wars He encouraged the growth of Democracy and made reforms to encourage it s growth. He believed Athens should be a role model for (in culture and government) for all city-states? Was Pericles belief that Athens was a role model true. Explain why or why not?

8 Athens

9 Athens Athens is called a city of contrasts

10 Athens Athens is called a city of contrasts Many people lived in small, uncomfortable houses along narrow streets

11 Athens Athens is called a city of contrasts Many people lived in small, uncomfortable houses along narrow streets City s public spaces and buildings were large and adorned.

12 Athens Athens is called a city of contrasts Many people lived in small, uncomfortable houses along narrow streets City s public spaces and buildings were large and adorned. Public spaces and buildings were the pride of Athens

13 Athens Athens is called a city of contrasts Many people lived in small, uncomfortable houses along narrow streets City s public spaces and buildings were large and adorned. Public spaces and buildings were the pride of Athens Theatres, temples, athletic event stadiums and large public buildings covered the city

14 Athens Athens is called a city of contrasts Many people lived in small, uncomfortable houses along narrow streets City s public spaces and buildings were large and adorned. Public spaces and buildings were the pride of Athens Theatres, temples, athletic event stadiums and large public buildings covered the city Some of the larges buildings were temples to the Greek Gods

15 Greek Religion

16 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs

17 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die.

18 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die. Every city-state honored a specific god or goddess

19 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die. Every city-state honored a specific god or goddess The Greeks believed that each God/Goddess had power over an aspect of life (health, war, agriculture, rain, thunder)

20 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die. Every city-state honored a specific god or goddess The Greeks believed that each God/Goddess had power over an aspect of life (health, war, agriculture, rain, thunder) Two great temples: Parthenon and Delphi

21 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die. Every city-state honored a specific god or goddess The Greeks believed that each God/Goddess had power over an aspect of life (health, war, agriculture, rain, thunder) Two great temples: Parthenon and Delphi The Olympian Gods: According to the Greeks, the 12 main Greek Gods lived on Mount Olympus which is a real mountain in Greece

22 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die. Every city-state honored a specific god or goddess The Greeks believed that each God/Goddess had power over an aspect of life (health, war, agriculture, rain, thunder) Two great temples: Parthenon and Delphi The Olympian Gods: According to the Greeks, the 12 main Greek Gods lived on Mount Olympus which is a real mountain in Greece The Greeks would seek help from these Gods before journeys over land and sea

23 Greek Religion The Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs Their gods looked and acted like humans, but did not age or die. Every city-state honored a specific god or goddess The Greeks believed that each God/Goddess had power over an aspect of life (health, war, agriculture, rain, thunder) Two great temples: Parthenon and Delphi The Olympian Gods: According to the Greeks, the 12 main Greek Gods lived on Mount Olympus which is a real mountain in Greece The Greeks would seek help from these Gods before journeys over land and sea

24 The Greek Gods Click Here for Greek Gods

25 Greek Architecture

26 Greek Architecture Their temples are good examples of the Greeks talent for Architecture

27 Greek Architecture Their temples are good examples of the Greeks talent for Architecture They used decorative columns to hold up large, heavy buildings.

28 Greek Architecture Their temples are good examples of the Greeks talent for Architecture They used decorative columns to hold up large, heavy buildings. The temples were not a place to worship the Gods/Goddesses, but a place for that deity to live.

29 Greek Architecture Their temples are good examples of the Greeks talent for Architecture They used decorative columns to hold up large, heavy buildings. The temples were not a place to worship the Gods/Goddesses, but a place for that deity to live. Most of the religious ceremonies would take place outside.

30 Greek Architecture Their temples are good examples of the Greeks talent for Architecture They used decorative columns to hold up large, heavy buildings. The temples were not a place to worship the Gods/Goddesses, but a place for that deity to live. Most of the religious ceremonies would take place outside. The most beautiful temple was the Parthenon (dedicated to Athena)

31 Greek Architecture Their temples are good examples of the Greeks talent for Architecture They used decorative columns to hold up large, heavy buildings. The temples were not a place to worship the Gods/Goddesses, but a place for that deity to live. Most of the religious ceremonies would take place outside. The most beautiful temple was the Parthenon (dedicated to Athena) 8 columns on the front and back, 17 along the side, slanted roofs creating pyramid shaped pediments at the front and back and sculptures carved above the columns.

32 The Columns

33 The Columns

34 The Columns Doric Columns (on the left) were simple No base and got thinner toward the top Ionic Columns: They were thinner altogether, sat on a base, and had scrolls at the top Corinthian Columns: Most Complex, had carvings that looked like leaves at the top.

35 The Parthenon

36 The Parthenon

37 Greek Sculpture

38 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand.

39 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed

40 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed Apprentices first made a clay model (life sized)

41 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed Apprentices first made a clay model (life sized) Then the rough outline was carved in marble.

42 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed Apprentices first made a clay model (life sized) Then the rough outline was carved in marble. A master sculptor would then add the details and final touches

43 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed Apprentices first made a clay model (life sized) Then the rough outline was carved in marble. A master sculptor would then add the details and final touches Statues were colorful, with bronze and gold applied. Painters applied wax and colors to the hair, lips, eyes and clothes

44 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed Apprentices first made a clay model (life sized) Then the rough outline was carved in marble. A master sculptor would then add the details and final touches Statues were colorful, with bronze and gold applied. Painters applied wax and colors to the hair, lips, eyes and clothes The Greeks were known for creating statues that focused on the ideal, (this will be a main difference between them and the Romans)

45 Greek Sculpture Sculptors in Greece were in high demand. They would set up a workplace near the site where a statue would be needed Apprentices first made a clay model (life sized) Then the rough outline was carved in marble. A master sculptor would then add the details and final touches Statues were colorful, with bronze and gold applied. Painters applied wax and colors to the hair, lips, eyes and clothes The Greeks were known for creating statues that focused on the ideal, (this will be a main difference between them and the Romans)

46 Drama

47 Drama The Greeks had two types of drama: Comedies and Tragedies Going to the theatre was a common part of life in Athens The Theatre at Dionysus could hold thousands of people (Who was Dionysus?) A few main characters and a chorus played in most plays. The chorus basically commented on the actions of the main characters and thus helped explain the story (narrator?) There were no women actors, all men, but they played parts of women and men by putting on masks Plays were sometimes competitions with judges choosing winners in four categories (tragic playwright, comic playwright, leading tragic actor, leading comic actor) Sound familiar?

48 Greek Dramas Drama Video

49 Greek Philosophy Athenians loved to talk and argue. In spaces outside the agora, men often gathered to discuss the world around them including things they couldn t see like justice, life, truth, etc. This type of talking became known as philosophy. One of the greatest philosophers was a man named Socrates. He encouraged people to questions the very things they knew He taught by asking questions to get people to think about their beliefs and the continuing to ask questions: What makes a great life. How do you know that Why (Sound familiar His way of teaching became known as the Socrative Method He angered many people and was tried for not honoring the Gods. He was punished by death. His most famous student was Plato, who then taught Aristotle, who then taught Alexander

50

51

52 Sports

53 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses

54 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena

55 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city.

56 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including

57 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including Horse and chariot races (one where men jumped on and off moving chariot)

58 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including Horse and chariot races (one where men jumped on and off moving chariot) Footraces (sometimes in their armor)

59 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including Horse and chariot races (one where men jumped on and off moving chariot) Footraces (sometimes in their armor) Boxing and Wrestling

60 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including Horse and chariot races (one where men jumped on and off moving chariot) Footraces (sometimes in their armor) Boxing and Wrestling Pancratium where men punched kicked and even choked each other. The event ended when one fighter gave up, lost consciousness, or died

61 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including Horse and chariot races (one where men jumped on and off moving chariot) Footraces (sometimes in their armor) Boxing and Wrestling Pancratium where men punched kicked and even choked each other. The event ended when one fighter gave up, lost consciousness, or died Another set of games was set to honor the god Zeus and it was called the Olympics (Why?)

62 Sports Greeks held athletic events to honor their Gods/Goddesses A festival called Panathenaea honored the goddess Athena The high point was the solemn parade through the city. The Panathenaic games included several events including Horse and chariot races (one where men jumped on and off moving chariot) Footraces (sometimes in their armor) Boxing and Wrestling Pancratium where men punched kicked and even choked each other. The event ended when one fighter gave up, lost consciousness, or died Another set of games was set to honor the god Zeus and it was called the Olympics (Why?) It took place every 4 years and was so important that the Greeks called a truce to all wars, so athletes could travel to the games.

63 The Panathenaic Games Panathenaic games

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