Beacon Hill Institute

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Beacon Hill Institute"

Transcription

1 Metro Area and State Beacon Hill Institute Competitiveness Report 2004

2 Overall Index Overall Rank State Report 2004 Overall index and rank in 2004 Subindexes, rank in 2004 Government & Fiscal Policy Security Infrastructure Human Resources Technology Business Incubation Environmental Policy Openness Massachusetts Utah Washington Minnesota Colorado Nebraska New Hampshire Vermont Virginia Kansas North Dakota Wyoming Wisconsin Idaho Connecticut Oregon Iowa Delaware Maryland Missouri Texas California South Dakota Michigan Georgia North Carolina Alaska Montana Florida Pennsylvania Rhode Island Arizona New Mexico New York Oklahoma Maine Nevada Kentucky Illinois South Carolina Tennessee Indiana Ohio New Jersey Arkansas Hawaii Alabama West Virginia Louisiana Mississippi Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 2

3 Overall index and rank in 2004 Overall Overall Index Rank Metro Area Report 2004 Government & Fiscal Policy Security Infrastructure Subindexes, rank in 2004 Human Resources Technology Business Incubation Openness Environmental Policy Seattle Raleigh Portland Boston Denver Minneapolis-St. Paul Austin Salt Lake City San Francisco Kansas City Atlanta San Antonio Dallas San Diego Grand Rapids Orlando Richmond Providence Greensboro Hartford Charlotte Washington Nashville Albany Milwaukee Rochester Norfolk Jacksonville Las Vegas Phoenix Sacramento Miami Houston Cleveland Oklahoma City Indianapolis Louisville Columbus Tampa Pittsburgh St. Louis Detroit Buffalo Los Angeles Philadelphia Cincinnati New York Memphis New Orleans Chicago Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 3

4 From the Executive Director BHI From the Executive Director The Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University is pleased to release the 4 th edition of its Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report. This year s report contains some slight modifications from previous years editions. Like any good index, such as the Dow Jones Industrial or others, the BHI Competitiveness Indexes must adapt to a changing business environment. As economies grow and change, so must the parameters that strive to measure them. To this end, BHI has added new variables to the index and discontinued the use of others. In some cases, the discontinued variables are no longer being published, but in most cases the discovery of a better variable precipitated the removal of the older one. We believe these minor modifications serve to advance the usefulness of the indexes. At the state level, Massachusetts moved up one position to claim the top spot, displacing last year s number one, Delaware. All of the states in the top ten, with the exception of Vermont, improved their position over last year. The biggest improvement among the states in the top ten belonged to Nebraska, which improved its ranking from 15 th to 6 th. The state with the largest improvement in the entire index is North Dakota, which moved up seventeen positions from 28 th to 11 th. The state with the dubious distinction of having the biggest drop in the ranking is New Jersey, it moved down eighteen places from 26 th to 44 th. At the metro area level, the top ten remains very stable, with Kansas City being the only metro area not ranked in the top ten last year. Seattle retains its position at number one, which it held in the two previous indexes. The metro areas of Raleigh and Portland round out the top three in the index, moving up four and six places respectively. Dallas gains the right to the biggest improvement title, moving from 45 th to 13 th. Several metro areas dropped over twenty positions including Indianapolis, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Cincinnati and Chicago. The institute would like to thank authors Jonathan Haughton and Cagdas Sirin for their work on this year s edition. We hope that the Report will continue to be a topic of discussion for lawmakers, voters and academics in metro areas and states across the country. Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 4

5 Table of Contents From the Executive Director... 4 Defining Metro and State Competitiveness... 7 What is Competitiveness?... 7 Quantifying Competitiveness... 8 Is the competitiveness index useful? Putting the competitiveness index to work Other studies Why cities? What s next? How to read the index pages State Indexes Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsyvlania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 5

6 Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Metro Area Indexes Albany Atlanta Austin Boston Buffalo Charlotte Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Dallas Denver Detroit Grand Rapids Greensboro Hartford Houston Indianapolis Jacksonville Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Louisville Memphis Miami Milwaukee Minneapolis Nashville New Orleans New York Norfolk Oklahoma City Orlando Philadelphia Phoenix Pittsburgh Portland Providence Raleigh Richmond Rochester Sacramento Salt Lake City San Antonio San Diego San Francisco Seattle St Louis Tampa Washington About the Authors Acknowledgements Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 6

7 Defining Metro and State Competitiveness BHI Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness The Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report 2004 Introducing the indexes How does one geographic area, such as a state or metropolitan area, create more economic activity, and hence more income for its citizens, than other areas? What special characteristics or attributes lead to generating this higher income? BHI s Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report attempts to identify the qualities that allow some areas to excel in income generation and the qualities that prohibit other areas from attaining the same level of competitiveness. During this endeavor questions arise: How can these qualities be measured? What standard should be used to determine whether a state or metro area is competitive or not? Indeed, why is it even interesting to measure competitiveness? The State and Metro Area Competitive Indexes constantly use these questions as guideposts in compiling and estimating its measures of competitiveness. The indexes are designed to measure the long-term competitiveness of an area, and use a similar approach to the one taken in BHI s earlier studies of state competitiveness (State Competitiveness Report 2001, 2002, 2003) and metropolitan competitiveness (State and Metropolitan Competitiveness Report 2002, 2003). This year marks the fourth year of the report which includes minor revisions and additions to the indexes. At the state level, Massachusetts moves up from second to first and is followed by Utah and Washington (Table 1). Four states, Colorado, Nebraska, Virginia and Kansas, enter the top ten, ranking 5 th, 6 th, 9 th and 10 th respectively. Nebraska is a first-time entrant into the top ten. At the metro level, Seattle retains the top spot for the third year in a row (Table 2). Raleigh jumps four places to reach the second spot and Portland moves up six places to rank third. The rest of the top ten are metro areas that were ranked in the top ten in 2003, with the exception of Kansas City which traded places with formerly tenth ranked Atlanta. Table 1 State Competitiveness Index Index Rank in Massachusetts Utah Washington Minnesota Colorado Nebraska New Hampshire Vermont Virginia Kansas North Dakota Wyoming Wisconsin Idaho Connecticut Oregon Iowa Delaware Maryland Missouri Texas California South Dakota Michigan Georgia North Carolina Alaska Montana Florida Pennsylvania Rhode Island Arizona New Mexico New York Oklahoma Maine Nevada Kentucky Illinois South Carolina Tennessee Indiana Ohio New Jersey Arkansas Hawaii Alabama West Virginia Louisiana Mississippi What is Competitiveness? We consider a state or a metropolitan area to be competitive if it has in place the policies and conditions that ensure and sustain a high level of per capita income and its continued growth. To achieve this, a state or metropolitan area needs to be able both to attract and incubate new businesses, and to provide an environment that is conducive to the growth of existing firms. Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 7

8 Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness BHI Table 2 Metropolitan Competitiveness Index Index Rank in Seattle WA Raleigh NC Portland OR Boston MA Denver CO Minneapolis-St. Paul MN Austin TX Salt Lake City UT San Francisco CA Kansas City KS-MO Atlanta GA San Antonio TX Dallas TX San Diego CA Grand Rapids MI Orlando FL Richmond VA Providence RI Greensboro NC Hartford CT Charlotte NC Washington DC Nashville TN Albany NY Milwaukee WI Rochester NY Norfolk VA Jacksonville FL Las Vegas NV Phoenix AZ Sacramento CA Miami FL Houston TX Cleveland OH Oklahoma City OK Indianapolis IN Louisville KY Columbus OH Tampa FL Pittsburgh PA St. Louis MO Detroit MI Buffalo NY Los Angeles CA Philadelphia PA Cincinnati OH New York NY Memphis TN New Orleans LA Chicago IL Competitiveness may be thought of as a catchall term that covers what Michael Porter calls the microeconomic foundations of prosperity. The states and metropolitan areas of the United States all face the same macroeconomic conditions; where they differ is in their microeconomic policies. These policies matter. As Porter puts it, wealth is actually created at the microeconomic level - in the ability of firms to create valuable goods and services using productive methods. 1 It follows that the outcome of competitiveness is greater affluence, measured by higher levels of real Gross State (or Metropolitan) Product or personal income per capita. Quantifying Competitiveness To be useful as a concept, it is essential to have an operational measure of competitiveness, a measure that aggregates the key microeconomic variables into a single index. The World Economic Forum does this for the countries of the world in its influential annual Global Competitiveness Report, but there is no equivalent at the level of state or metropolitan areas of the U.S. (although some more specialized rankings of the states and metropolitan areas have been developed; we discuss these in more detail below). In thinking about how to create an index of competitiveness, we begin with the simple economic relation: Y = f (K,L,technology). This says that output (Y) depends on the amount of capital (K), labor (L) and technology that is harnessed by the economy. 2 Not surprisingly, more inputs lead to more output. But what raises input levels? And why do some urban areas or states mix the ingredients more successfully than others? To answer these questions we need to focus on the quality of the business environment. Using his celebrated diamond, Porter finds it helpful to group the influences into four components: the quality of available inputs, the sophistication of local demand, the nature of local suppliers and the extent to which they form clusters, and the rules and institutions that govern the market. 3 These are still very broad categories and so, following the Porterinspired Global Competitiveness Report, we actually classify our indicators into eight groups. The breakdown is as follows: Government and fiscal policies. Businesses are more likely to be attracted to areas with moderate tax rates and clear evidence of financial discipline (as evidenced, for instance, by high state and municipal bond ratings and Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 8

9 Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness budget surpluses). This subindex is designed to pick up these effects. Technical note 1: Creating the indexes Security. A state or metropolitan area will be more attractive to business if public officials are trusted, and if crime is low. The security subindex addresses these dimensions of competitiveness, with particular emphasis on the importance of public safety. Infrastructure. How easy is commuting? Do most households have access to high-speed broadband? Is housing affordable? How affordable is energy? These are the elements of competitiveness that are included in the infrastructure subindex for each state or metropolitan area. Human resources. A high level of labor force participation, and skilled labor that is readily available and not too expensive, combined with a widespread commitment to education, training and health care, make a state or metropolitan area attractive for business. These factors are captured in the human resources subindex. Technology. The development and application of technology is central to economic development, and has been ever since the industrial revolution. The technology subindex measures this by taking into account research funding, patents issued, the proportion of scientists and engineers in the labor force, and the importance of high tech companies. Business incubation. A good idea is not enough; businesses also need to be able to mobilize financing for investment, both internally and from the financial system. A higher rate of business births is a particularly clear sign of a competitive environment, and is an important component of the business incubation subindex. Openness. Open economies tend to be more competitive and hence more productive. The openness subindex measures how connected the firms and people in a state or metropolitan area are with the rest of the world. It is based on the level of exports, as well as the percent of the population born abroad. Given the raw data series for each metropolitan area or state, several steps were needed in order to construct the competitiveness index. 1. First, each variable was normalized to give it a mean of 5, a standard deviation of 1, and a range from 0 (worst) to 10 (best). 2. Then the nine subindexes were formed as the simple averages of the normalized component variables. 3. Next, the subindexes themselves were normalized, again giving a mean of 5 and standard deviation of 1 to each. These are presented at the beginning of this report. 4. Finally, the overall index of state and metro area competitiveness is the simple average of the eight subindexes, again normalizing it so it has a mean of 5 and standard deviation of 1. Environmental Policy. States or metropolitan areas that are faced with environmental problems, or that have a heavy-handed policy of environmental regulation, are likely to be less attractive to businesses as well as to their workers and managers; we measure this effect with the environmental policy subindex, which among other things reflects the levels of air pollution and of toxic releases. A complete list of the components of the competitiveness indexes are given in Table A1 (for states) and Table A2 (for metropolitan areas) at the end of this section of the report. We have used the most recent data avail- Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 9

10 Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness able; due to time lags, most of the series refer to 2002, 2003 or The eight categories are coherent, but there is inevitably some degree of arbitrariness in the way in which individual data series are assigned to the subindexes. For instance, the amount of air travel could be included in the infrastructure subindex or the measure of openness; and electricity prices could be included in the infrastructure subindex or the environmental subindex. In practice the assignment of the data series is much less important than the fact that they are included at all. A competitiveness index is simply a summary measure based on a large number of variables. The difficult, and controversial, part is choosing a weighting scheme. Our approach is the simplest and most transparent: within each subindex, each variable carries equal weight. Then each subindex is given the same weight when constructing the overall index. This has been referred to as a democratic weighting structure, but it is of course arbitrary (although reasonable). Is the competitiveness index useful? Do the indexes of state competitiveness explain affluence and growth? If the index is properly constructed, then it should help explain why some areas are affluent and others are not. In our experiment we estimate the following equation: Real PI per capita t = constant + index + real PI per capita t-1 Real PI per capita t = index real PI per capita t-1 t = 2.6 t = 2.1 t = 3.47 This equation has an R 2 of The coefficient on the Index variable is significant at the.05 level and indicates that if a state gains a point in the index, it will also gain $877 in real per capita income. Competitiveness really does matter. Putting the competitiveness index to work What do we learn from this exercise? Naturally it is interesting to look at the raw rankings (Tables 1 and 2), but this may not be the most important use of the information. The detailed data, both in individual variables and the subindexes, allow one to identify the determinants of competitiveness. This is of value to policy makers, who are then in a better position to identify what needs to be done in order to improve the position of their states or metropolitan areas. The logic behind this is that a higher competitiveness indicator index is associated with greater affluence. A reasonable inference is that if one were to improve competitiveness, then residents of the state would be better off. And the greatest upside potential is for the indicators whose performance is currently weak. For instance, a low-crime state may have trouble reducing the crime rate further, while for a high-crime state, efforts to reduce crime are likely to be an efficient way to boost competitiveness. To illustrate, consider the case of Tennessee, which ranks 41 st with a competitiveness indicator index of 4.13, or almost a point below the average. Tennessee excels in the government and fiscal policy subindex with a rank of ninth. It achieves this by virtue of its lower than average tax burden, workers compensation premium rates and average first payment for unemployment. Its overall index score is hurt by poor performances in the security, human resources, technology and environmental policy subindexes. Though these are the areas of greatest deficiency for Tennessee, they also mark the areas with the greatest potential. For example, if Tennessee can institute measures that would raise their security and technology variables to the national average, it could raise its overall index to 4.81 and in the process raise its real per capita personal income by almost $600. The competitive index and its subindexes are powerful tools policymakers can use to improve their areas affluence. To make it easier to identify the strengths and weaknesses of each state and metropolitan area, a subsequent section of this report sets out the relevant details for each area. Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 10

11 Other studies We are not the first to develop a set of statewide indexes, but we are the first to create a broad-based index of competitiveness, to design and present it in a way that policy makers will find useful, and to re-estimate the indexes annually. capita, net in-migration, and growth in manufacturing value added. After creating five subindexes, they assign weights to these using the technique of principal components, and apply these weights to create the overall index. By this measure, Idaho has the greatest amount of economic freedom (an index of 3.9) while New York has the least (index = 7.9). States The Progressive Policy Institute has created a State New Economy Index, which aims to measure the New Economy. The authors define the new economy as a knowledge and idea-based economy where the keys to wealth and job creation are the extent to which ideas, innovation, and technology are embedded in all sectors of the economy. 4 They identify 21 indicators, grouped into five categories. The index ranges from 40.7 (West Virginia) to 90.0 (Massachusetts). Although we include a number of technology-related variables in our own index, we also believe that there is much more to competitiveness and hence to achieving and maintaining affluence than technology alone. This is why our index is based on almost three times as many variables, and so has greater breadth. Conceived in a similar spirit is the Index of the Massachusetts Innovation Economy, published by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative in December The report compares Massachusetts with six other leading technology states (CA, CO, CT, MN, NJ and NY), as well as presenting a wealth of information on the state itself. Most of the emphasis is on the state s knowledge-based innovation economy. To do this it focuses on 9 key industry clusters, which together cover 25% of non-government jobs in Massachusetts. Interestingly enough, these key sectors are growing no faster than the rest of the state economy. In our view it is preferable to consider the economy as a whole which is what our index does rather than just a fashionable quarter of it. John Byars, Robert McCormick and Bruce Yandle of Clemson University have created an Index of Economic Freedom for the states of the U.S. They define economic freedom as the right of individuals to pursue their own interests through voluntary exchange under a rule of law. 6 They sift through 145 indicators, assigning them to deciles from 1 (most free) to 10 (least free). After experimenting with 47 different indexes, they choose the one that best explains state growth in income per Their report argues that greater economic freedom should be associated with faster economic growth, and their econometric results suggest that this is probably the case, 7 although their index may be more valuable as a summary measure of freedoms that have value in their own right, rather than as a predictor of growth or well being. We do agree that economic freedom is important, and our index of competitiveness includes some indicators, such as the share of state and local tax collections per capita in income per capita, that measure the weight of government quite well. However, we believe that other factors are also important to competitiveness, even if they are not easy to place on a scale of economic freedom; these include such variables as the time that is required to travel to work, the availability of venture capital, and the importance to the economy of high-tech firms. The Heritage Foundation has also created an influential and widely-cited Index of Economic Freedom, but it is constructed for the countries of the world rather than for the states of the U.S. 8 Metropolitan areas Robert Atkinson of the Progressive Policy Institute and Paul Gottlieb of the Center for Regional Economic Issues have created a Metropolitan New Economy Index, which uses sixteen economic indicators to assess the 50 largest metropolitan areas progress as they adapt to the new economic order. 9 They view the characteristics of the New Economy as an altered industrial and occupational order, greater globalization, and unprecedented levels of entrepreneurial dynamism and competition. 10 Their measures emphasize education, information flows, the growth of new firms, and technology. We include many similar variables in our index. However, we also believe that there are other important dimensions to competitiveness and hence to achieving and maintain- Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 11 Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness

12 Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness ing affluence such as the tax burden, public safety, and environmental issues. This is why our index is based on a wider set of variables. POLICOM Corporation annually measures and ranks the Economic Strength of the metropolitan areas for the purpose of studying the characteristics of strong and weak economies. Economic strength is a combination of both the rate of growth and the consistency of the growth. Simplistically, the formula is Growth - Instability = Strength. They have data for the 15-year term from 1976 through 1990 and the 10-year term from 1991 through They include eighteen categories. Their methodology is as follows, the average deviation from previous year (DEV) and the average annual increase (AAI) were calculated for each category for each time period. The DEV was subtracted from the AAI to create a strength factor for each category. Each category was adjusted to give each equal weight. The data for both the 15-year and 10-year terms were totaled for each of the categories. In their ranking among 318 MSAs Boston is ranked 38, while Austin is first for In a somewhat different spirit, Money magazine publishes an annual survey of the best places to live in the United States. Using 31 variables (including seven related to climate), the magazine s web site allows readers to express their preferences and then find the place that best suits their needs, from a list of over 400 towns and cities. The survey is not, however, designed to measure competitiveness per se. Why cities? In addition to reporting competitiveness indexes for all 50 states, this study gives the results for the 50 largest consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSAs). Collectively they include 58% of the U.S. population, and reflect the fact that the country is overwhelmingly urban and suburban rather than rural. Metropolitan statistical areas are very coherent economic units they have common labor markets, commuter pools, and newspaper readership, indeed all the features that make up a natural geographical hinterland. In many respects it makes more sense to consider Philadelphia and Pittsburgh as separate economic units, than it does to consider Pennsylvania as a single entity. One alternative would have been to focus only on the central cities in each urban area. The disadvantage of this is that the central cities are often quite small, and unrepresentative of the greater urban area. For instance, the population of the city of Boston, at 555,000, is less than one tenth of the population of the CMSA, which came to 5.8 million in It is not clear how helpful it would be to compare the city of Boston, dense and highly urbanized, with the city of Houston, which constitutes 89% of its metropolitan area and includes extensive suburbs. What is next? We invite you to pore over the detailed results on the following pages. For each metropolitan area and state we set out the main competitive strengths and weaknesses. We welcome suggestions for ways in which we might improve our search for answers to that deceptively simple question: how competitive is the Boston area (or Massachusetts, or the Bay area, or greater New York, or Houston, or )? State Competitiveness Report/Page 10 Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 12

13 Table A1 Components of subindexes for states Sub index Government and fiscal policy Competitiveness indicators index State and local taxes per capita /income per capita (-)* Workers compensation premium rates (-)* Bond rating (composite of S&P s and Moody s, scale 1-25) (+) Budget surplus as a percent of gross state product (+) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed (-)* Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents (-)* Security Reported crime per 100,000 inhabitants (-) Percent change in crime index, (-) Murders per 100,000 inhabitants (-) The BGA Integrity Index (+)* Infrastructure Percent of households with installed phones (+) High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents (+)* Air passengers per capita (+) Travel time to work (-) Electricity prices per million BTU (-) Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment (-) Human resources Percent of population without health insurance (-) Percent of population aged 25 and over that graduated from high school (+) Unemployment rate, not seasonally adjusted (-) Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents(+) Percent of adults in the labor force (+) Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births (-) Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants (+) Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools (+)* Technology Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP (+) NIH support to institutions in the state, per capita (+) Patents per 100,000 inhabitants (+) Science and engineering graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants (+) Science and engineering degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants (+) Scientists and engineers as percent of labor force (+) Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries(+)* Business incubation Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita (+) Venture capital investment per capita (+) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants (+) IPO (A weighted measure of the value and number of initial public stock offerings of companies as a share of gross state product) (+)* Percent of labor force that is represented by unions (-) Minimum wage (-)* Openness Exports per capita, $ (+) Incoming foreign direct investment per capita, $ (+) Percent of population born abroad (+) Environmental policy * New variable in the index Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles (-) Greenhouse gas emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE) per 1,000 sq. miles) (-)* Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report // Page 13

14 Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness Table A2 Components of subindexes for metro areas Sub index Competitiveness indicators index Government and fiscal policy State and local taxes per capita /income per capita, state level (-) * Workers compensation premium rates, state level (-)* Bond rating of main cities and counties(composite of S&P s and Moody s, scale 1-25) (+) Bond rating of state (composite of S&P s and Moody s, scale 1-25) (+) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed, state level (-) Security Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants (-) Percent change in crime index, (-) Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants (-) Murders per 100,000 inhabitants (-) Infrastructure High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents, state level (+)* Travel time to work (-) Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment (-) Air passengers per capita (+) Electricity prices per million BTU, state level (-) Human resources Percent of population without health insurance (-) Percent of population aged 25 and over that graduated from high school (+)* Unemployment rate, not seasonally adjusted (-) Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents, state level (+) Percent of adults in the labor force (+) Infant mortality rate in deaths per 1,000 live births, state level (-) Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants, state level (+) Technology Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP, state level (+) NIH support to institutions, per capita (+) Patents per 100,000 inhabitants (+) Science and engineering graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants, state level (+) Scientists and engineers as % of labor force (+) High-tech payroll as percent of total payroll (+) Business Incubation Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita (+) Venture capital investment per capita, state level (+) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants, state level (+) Entrepreneurial Activity Index (+)* Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index (-)* New publicly traded companies, state level (+)* Percent of labor force that is represented by unions (-) Openness Exports per capita, state level $ (+) Percent of population born abroad (+) Environmental policy * New variable in the index Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles (-) Pollution standards index (-)* Serious pollution days per annum (-) * Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 14

15 (Endnotes) 1 Michael Porter, The Current Competitiveness Index: Measuring the Microeconomic Foundations of Prosperity, in World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report 2000, (Oxford University Press: New York, 2000). 2 By dividing across by the population, this equation may also be expressed in per capita terms; output per capita is a standard measure of affluence. 3 Michael E. Porter, The Competitive Advantage of Nations, (New York: Free Press, 1990). 4 Robert Atkinson, Randolph Court and Joseph Ward, The State New Economy Index, (Progressive Policy Institute, July 1999), 3. 5 Patricia Flynn et al., Index of the Massachusetts Innovation Economy 2003, (Westborough, MA: Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, 2003). 6 See John Byars, Robert McCormick and Bruce Yandle, Economic Freedom in America s 50 States: A 1999 Analysis, Clemson University, March However, a regression of average annual growth in personal income against the index (and some additional variables) finds that the index does not have a statistically significant effect. 8 See William Beach and Gerald O Driscoll Jr., Methodology: Factors of the Index of Economic Freedom, in 2001 Index of Economic Freedom, Heritage Foundation, Washington DC, Robert Atkinson and Paul Gottlieb, The Metropolitan New Economy Index, (Progressive Policy Institute and Center for Regional Economic Issues, 2001), Ibid. Defining Metro Area and State Competitiveness Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 15

16 How to read the index pages How to read the index pages How to Read Index Pages In this column, you will find variables where the metro area is competitive. The index value ranks from 0 to 10, with a mean of 5 and a standard deviation of 1. Each metro area s index is ordered to create the overall rank among the 50 metro areas. Index Overall Rank METRO AREA NAME Each metro area s overall rank is based on its total index from 1 (highest) to 50 (lowest). In this box on each page, you will find a summary of the high and low points of the competitive index information to be found in detail in the table below. In this column, you will find variables where the metro area is not competitive. Competitive Advantages Competitive Disadvantages Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers compensation collections per employee State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Mass transit availability Travel time to work % of households with computers Median household gross rent % of adults online Human resources subindex Human resources subindex % of population that graduated from high school % of population without health insurance Unemployment rate 6.01 Variables 9 % are of labor the force elements represented by unions Enrollment in degree-granting institutions per that make up each capita % of adults in the labor force 5.64 subindex. 13 Variables that A subindex combines one or more variables that explain certain social or economic characteristics. For example, the security subindex is composed of other variables such as thefts, percentage change in crime, and murders committed in the metro area. % of population born abroad Nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D funding relative to employment are 15 considered Science & engineering grad. students per capita 5.20 disadvantages. 17 Scientists and engineers in the labor force High tech payroll as % of total payroll Finance and cost subindex Finance and cost subindex Bank deposits per capita Cost of living Venture capital as % of GMP Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Air passengers per capita Domestic competition subindex Domestic competition subindex Net firm creation per 100,000 inhabitants New publicly traded companies Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per capita Electricity prices, $ per mbtu Pollution standards index Serious pollution days p.a rank between 1 and 20 are considered advantages to a metro area, while variables that rank between 30 and Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 16

17 State Indices BHI State Indexes State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 17

18 ALABAMA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Minimum wage institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 18

19 ALASKA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Scientists and engineers/labor force Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 19 State Index

20 ARIZONA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Full-time-equivalent state and local government Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population without health insurance institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Patents per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Scientists and engineers/labor force Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex IPO Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Minimum wage Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 20

21 ARKANSAS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Minimum wage per capita Venture capital investment per capita IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 21 State Index

22 CALIFORNIA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees Workers' compensation premium rates per 100 residents Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average travel time to work High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of population without health insurance per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Minimum wage Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 22

23 COLORADO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees Bond rating: composite per 100 residents Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants institutions) per capita IPO Minimum wage Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 23 State Index

24 Connecticut BHI CONNECTICUT Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) per 100 residents Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births institutions per 1,000 residents Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 24

25 DELAWARE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government Budget surplus, % of GSP employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) IPO per capita Minimum wage Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 25 State Index

26 Florida BHI FLORIDA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of adults who are in the labor force Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 26

27 GEORGIA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high Patents per 100,000 inhabitants technology industries Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 27 State Index

28 Hawaii BHI HAWAII Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average travel time to work Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percentage of students at or above Proficient in Percent of population that graduated from high school, mathematics, grade 4 public schools persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Venture capital investment per capita institutions) per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 28

29 IDAHO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high Percent of population without health insurance school, persons 25 years and older Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology subindex Technology subindex Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Scientists and engineers/labor force NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants technology industries S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Minimum wage IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 29 State Index

30 ILLINOIS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Budget surplus, % of GSP Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Average travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per Percent of population that graduated from high school, ,000 residents persons 25 years and older Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology subindex Technology subindex Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 30

31 Indiana BHI INDIANA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of adults who are in the labor force institutions per 1,000 residents Percentage of students at or above Proficient in Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births mathematics, grade 4 public schools Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex IPO Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Minimum wage institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 31 State Index

32 IOWA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government Bond rating: composite employees per 100 residents Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Scientists and engineers/labor force NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants technology industries S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Venture capital investment per capita per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 32

33 KANSAS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Minimum wage Venture capital investment per capita IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 33 State Index

34 KENTUCKY Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Budget surplus, % of GSP Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Minimum wage Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 34

35 LOUISIANA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Budget surplus, % of GSP Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population without health insurance institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100, persons 25 years and older inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Minimum wage Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 35 State Index

36 aine BHI MAINE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Unemployment rate per 1,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 36

37 MARYLAND Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 37 State Index

38 MASSACHUSETTS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average travel time to work High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Minimum wage Venture capital investment per capita IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 38

39 MICHIGAN Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of adults who are in the labor force per 1,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Minimum wage Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 39 State Index

40 MINNESOTA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Venture capital investment per capita IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 40

41 MISSISSIPPI Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per residents Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per Minimum wage Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 41 State Index

42 Missouri BHI MISSOURI Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Budget surplus, % of GSP Bond rating: composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Average travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percentage of students at or above Proficient in persons 25 years and older mathematics, grade 4 public schools Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Scientists and engineers/labor force Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 42

43 MONTANA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Unemployment rate per 1,000 residents Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Minimum wage per capita Venture capital investment per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 43 State Index

44 NEBRASKA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government Average benefit per first payment for unemployed employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Venture capital investment per capita per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 44

45 NEVADA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Average travel time to work Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Minimum wage Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and per 1,000 sq. miles) original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 45 State Index

46 NEW HAMPSHIRE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Budget surplus, % of GSP residents Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population that graduated from high school, institutions per 1,000 residents persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Exports per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 46

47 NEW JERSEY Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average travel time to work High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percentage of students at or above Proficient in Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per mathematics, grade 4 public schools 1,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Technology subindex Technology subindex Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Scientists and engineers/labor force NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 47 State Index

48 NEW MEXICO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of population without health insurance per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Percent of labor force that is represented by unions institutions) per capita Minimum wage IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 48

49 NEW YORK Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per Percent of population that graduated from high school, ,000 residents persons 25 years and older Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Unemployment rate Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of adults who are in the labor force Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 49 State Index

50 orth Carolina BHI NORTH CAROLINA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government Average benefit per first payment for unemployed employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percentage of students at or above Proficient in Percent of population without health insurance mathematics, grade 4 public schools Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 50

51 North Dakota BHI NORTH DAKOTA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Workers' compensation premium rates Full-time-equivalent state and local government Budget surplus, % of GSP employees per 100 residents Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Patents per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 51 State Index

52 Ohio BHI OHIO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Full-time-equivalent state and local government Workers' compensation premium rates employees per 100 residents Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Unemployment rate Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants institutions) per capita IPO Minimum wage Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 52

53 OKLAHOMA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex IPO Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Percent of labor force that is represented by unions per capita Minimum wage Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 53 State Index

54 OREGON Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population without health insurance institutions per 1,000 residents Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults who are in the labor force Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 54

55 PENNSYLVANIA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants institutions per 1,000 residents Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Percent of adults who are in the labor force Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 55 State Index

56 Rhode Isalnd BHI RHODE ISLAND Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) per 100 residents Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, Unemployment rate persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita IPO Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 56

57 SOUTH CAROLINA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees Workers' compensation premium rates per 100 residents Bond rating: composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Minimum wage per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 57 State Index

58 South Dakota BHI SOUTH DAKOTA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average travel time to work Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population that graduated from high school, institutions per 1,000 residents persons 25 years and older Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Unemployment rate Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Venture capital investment per capita institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 58

59 TENNESSEE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 59 State Index

60 exas BHI TEXAS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government Security subindex Security subindex The BGA Integrity Index Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Households with installed phones, % Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology subindex Technology subindex Scientists and engineers/labor force Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings IPO institutions) per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 60

61 Utah BHI UTAH Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Security subindex Security subindex Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and per 1,000 sq. miles) original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 61 State Index

62 ermont BHI VERMONT Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of population that graduated from high school, per 1,000 residents persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults who are in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 62

63 Virginia BHI VIRGINIA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Budget surplus, % of GSP Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: composite Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 63 State Index

64 Washington BHI WASHINGTON Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Budget surplus, % of GSP Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per 100 residents Security subindex Security subindex Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Average travel time to work High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of adults who are in the labor force per 1,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Patents per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita IPO Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 64

65 West Virginia BHI WEST VIRGINIA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Budget surplus, % of GSP State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average rent of 2 bedroom apartment Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Minimum wage Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants IPO Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 65 State Index

66 isconsin BHI WISCONSIN Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: composite Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees per Budget surplus, % of GSP Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % Air passengers per capita Average travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of adults who are in the labor force Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high NIH support to institutions per capita technology industries Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita, dollars Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex State Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 66

67 WYOMING Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Full-time-equivalent state and local government employees Workers' compensation premium rates Budget surplus, % of GSP Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index, per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murder index, per 100,000 inhabitants The BGA Integrity Index Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Households with installed phones, % High-speed lines by state per 1,000 residents Average travel time to work Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Unemployment rate institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults who are in the labor force Rate of nonfederal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percentage of students at or above Proficient in mathematics, grade 4 public schools Technology subindex Technology subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP S&E degrees awarded per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Patents per 100,000 inhabitants Scientists and engineers/labor force Percentage of total wage and salary jobs in high technology industries Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions IPO Minimum wage Openness subindex Openness subindex Incoming FDI per capita, dollars Exports per capita, dollars Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release inventory, on-site and off-site, total (new and original industries), pounds/1,000 sq. miles Greenhouse Gas Emissions (metric tons of carbon equivalent per 1,000 sq. miles) Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 67 State Index

68 Metro Area Indices BHI Metro Area Indexes Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 68

69 ALBANY Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of adults in the labor force Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100, New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex New publicly traded companies Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants institutions) per capita Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile High ozone days Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 69 Metro Area Index

70 Atlanta BHI ATLANTA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults in the labor force Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of computer and engineering jobs New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index New publicly traded companies Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 70

71 AUSTIN Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population that graduated from high school, institutions per 1,000 residents persons 25 years and older Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100, Percentage of computer and engineering jobs inhabitants IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 71 Metro Area Index

72 BOSTON Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index New publicly traded companies Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 72

73 Buffalo BHI BUFFALO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings New publicly traded companies institutions) per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 73 Metro Area Index

74 CHARLOTTE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of population without health insurance Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants institutions) per capita New publicly traded companies Venture capital investment per capita Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 74

75 hicago BHI CHICAGO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting persons 25 years and older institutions per 1,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Venture capital investment per capita per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 75 Metro Area Index

76 Cincinnati BHI CINCINNATI Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants institutions per 1,000 residents Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index institutions) per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 76

77 CLEVELAND Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Travel time to work Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants institutions per 1,000 residents Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP IT employment Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Venture capital investment per capita institutions) per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 77 Metro Area Index

78 Columbus BHI COLUMBUS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per persons 25 years and older 1,000 residents Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population without health insurance Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 78

79 Dallas BHI DALLAS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population without health insurance Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index High ozone days Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 79 Metro Area Index

80 Denver BHI DENVER Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants persons 25 years and older Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults in the labor force Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs NIH support to institutions per capita IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings New publicly traded companies institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 80

81 Detroit BHI DETROIT Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births institutions per 1,000 residents Unemployment rate Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of adults in the labor force Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 81 Metro Area Index

82 GRAND RAPIDS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Travel time to work High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births ,000 residents Percent of population without health insurance Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants New publicly traded companies Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 82

83 GREENSBORO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita IT employment Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 83 Metro Area Index

84 artford BHI HARTFORD Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 84

85 HOUSTON Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Unemployment rate Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of population without health insurance Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita IT employment Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Entrepreneurial Activity Index Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants New publicly traded companies Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 85 Metro Area Index

86 ndianapolis BHI INDIANAPOLIS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per persons 25 years and older 1,000 residents Unemployment rate Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index New publicly traded companies Entrepreneurial Activity Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 86

87 JACKSONVILLE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Percent of adults in the labor force Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index New publicly traded companies Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile High ozone days Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 87 Metro Area Index

88 ansas City BHI KANSAS CITY Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Travel time to work High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Unemployment rate Percent of population that graduated from high school, Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births persons 25 years and older Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex New publicly traded companies Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 88

89 Las Vegas BHI LAS VEGAS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of population without health insurance Percent of adults in the labor force Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile High ozone days Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 89 Metro Area Index

90 Los Angeles BHI LOS ANGELES Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of adults in the labor force institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Unemployment rate Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 90

91 LOUISVILLE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 91 Metro Area Index

92 MEMPHIS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings New publicly traded companies institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 92

93 MIAMI Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Unemployment rate Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index High ozone days Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 93 Metro Area Index

94 MILWAUKEE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population without health insurance institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants school, persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Entrepreneurial Activity Index institutions) per capita New publicly traded companies Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 94

95 MINNEAPOLIS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Unemployment rate Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 95 Metro Area Index

96 NASHVILLE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 96

97 NEW ORLEANS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population that graduated from high school, institutions per 1,000 residents persons 25 years and older Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of computer and engineering jobs New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index New publicly traded companies Entrepreneurial Activity Index Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 97 Metro Area Index

98 NEW YORK Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Percent of adults in the labor force Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Entrepreneurial Activity Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per Percent of labor force that is represented by unions capita New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 98

99 NORFOLK Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population without health insurance Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Percentage of computer and engineering jobs NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Entrepreneurial Activity Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 99 Metro Area Index

100 OKLAHOMA CITY Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) State bond rating Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population without health insurance Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex New publicly traded companies Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Venture capital investment per capita Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 100

101 ORLANDO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Travel time to work High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population without health insurance Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Entrepreneurial Activity Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 101 Metro Area Index

102 PHILADELPHIA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Percent of labor force that is represented by unions institutions) per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index New publicly traded companies Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 102

103 Phoenix BHI PHOENIX Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State bond rating Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting persons 25 years and older institutions per 1,000 residents Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of adults in the labor force Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Entrepreneurial Activity Index Venture capital investment per capita Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 103 Metro Area Index

104 PITTSBURGH Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Percent of adults in the labor force Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of computer and engineering jobs New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants per capita New publicly traded companies Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 104

105 Portland BHI PORTLAND Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants persons 25 years and older Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of population without health insurance Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Venture capital investment per capita per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 105 Metro Area Index

106 rovidence BHI PROVIDENCE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of adults in the labor force per 1,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, Percent of population without health insurance persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants New publicly traded companies Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 106

107 RALEIGH Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population that graduated from high Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants school, persons 25 years and older Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex NIH support to institutions per capita Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Entrepreneurial Activity Index per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 107 Metro Area Index

108 RICHMOND Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births ,000 residents Unemployment rate Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index per capita New publicly traded companies Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 108

109 ROCHESTER Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Entrepreneurial Activity Index Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Openness subindex Openness subindex Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 109 Metro Area Index

110 acramento BHI SACRAMENTO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting Percent of adults in the labor force institutions per 1,000 residents Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants institutions) per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 110

111 alt Lake City BHI SALT LAKE CITY Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Workers' compensation premium rates State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Unemployment rate Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 111 Metro Area Index

112 San Antonio BHI SAN ANTONIO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Average 2 bedroom rent High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Travel time to work Air passengers per capita Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per ,000 residents Percent of adults in the labor force Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons years and older Percent of population without health insurance Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants NIH support to institutions per capita Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Venture capital investment per capita New publicly traded companies Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 112

113 SAN DIEGO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions Percent of population without health insurance per 1,000 residents Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Total deposits (commercial banks and savings Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index institutions) per capita New publicly traded companies Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 113 Metro Area Index

114 SAN FRANCISCO Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Workers' compensation premium rates State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Air passengers per capita Average 2 bedroom rent Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per Percent of population without health insurance ,000 residents Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of adults in the labor force Unemployment rate Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs IT employment Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex New publicly traded companies Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Total deposits (commercial banks and savings institutions) per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index High ozone days Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 114

115 SEATTLE Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Air passengers per capita Travel time to work High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population that graduated from high school, Unemployment rate persons 25 years and older Percent of population without health insurance Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions New publicly traded companies Entrepreneurial Activity Index Venture capital investment per capita Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 115 Metro Area Index

116 t Louis BHI ST. LOUIS Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State bond rating Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Air passengers per capita High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Percent of population without health insurance Unemployment rate Percent of adults in the labor force Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP IT employment NIH support to institutions per capita Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Percent of population born abroad Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Pollution standards index Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 116

117 TAMPA Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Workers' compensation premium rates Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State bond rating Security subindex Security subindex Crime index change , % Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex High-speed broadband lines per 1,000 residents Electricity prices per million BTU Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Percent of population without health insurance Percent of adults in the labor force Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Technology Subindex Technology Subindex IT employment Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP NIH support to institutions per capita New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Percentage of computer and engineering jobs Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants New publicly traded companies Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Venture capital investment per capita Entrepreneurial Activity Index Openness subindex Openness subindex Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex High ozone days Toxic release, pounds per sq. mile Pollution standards index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 117 Metro Area Index

118 WASHINGTON Index Overall Rank Government and fiscal policy subindex Government and fiscal policy subindex Workers' compensation premium rates Bond rating: S&P/Moody's composite State and local taxes per capita/income per capita (cur $) Average benefit per first payment for unemployed Security subindex Security subindex Thefts per 100,000 inhabitants Violent crimes per 100,000 inhabitants Crime index change , % Murders per 100,000 inhabitants Infrastructure subindex Infrastructure subindex Electricity prices per million BTU Average 2 bedroom rent Travel time to work Human resources subindex Human resources subindex Unemployment rate Infant mortality rate, deaths per 1,000 live births Percent of population without health insurance Non-federal physicians per 100,000 inhabitants Percent of population that graduated from high school, persons 25 years and older Percent of students enrolled in degree-granting institutions per 1,000 residents Technology Subindex Technology Subindex Percentage of computer and engineering jobs NIH support to institutions per capita Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP New patents issued per 100,000 inhabitants IT employment Number of S&E graduate students per 100,000 inhabitants Business incubation subindex Business incubation subindex Venture capital investment per capita Employer firm births per 100,000 inhabitants Forbes Cost of Doing Business Index New publicly traded companies Percent of labor force that is represented by unions Openness subindex Openness subindex Percent of population born abroad Exports per capita Environmental policy subindex Environmental policy subindex Metro Area Index Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 118

119 About the Beacon Hill Institute Founded in 1991, BHI is an independent, nonpartisan economic research organization, located within Suffolk University in Boston, that applies a market-clearing approach to the analysis of tax, fiscal and regulatory issues. In addition to analyzing tax policy, we study issues including education spending, charitable tax incentives, universal health care, tort reform and economic competitiveness. BHI develops innovative solutions and applies economic analysis to public-policy issues affecting the states and the nation. About the Authors Jonathan Haughton is Senior Economist at the Beacon Hill Institute and Assistant Professor of Economics at Suffolk University. He holds a doctorate in economics from Harvard University and has published widely in refereed journals on economic development and taxation. Cagdas Sirin is a Research Assistant at the Beacon Hill Institute. He holds a bachelor of science in Statistics from Metu University, Ankara, Turkey. He is currently enrolled in the PhD program in Economics at Suffolk University. Acknowledgements The Beacon Hill Institute would like to gratefully acknowledge the assistance of BHI Staff John Barrett, Christopher Boyd and Rebecca Moryl for coordination; Frank Conte for print and web design; Sorin Codreanu for web programming; and researchers Ceren Altincekic, Tim Arimtage and Christine Donehue by the Beacon Hill Institute for Public Policy Research at Suffolk University ISBN Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University 8 Ashburton Place Boston, MA Phone: ; Fax: ; web: Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 119

120 Metro Area and State Competitiveness Report / Page 120

121

Beacon Hill Institute

Beacon Hill Institute Metro Area and State Beacon Hill Institute Competitiveness Report 2005 Overall index and rank Overall Index Government and fiscal policy Security Infrastructure Subindexes, rank in 2005 Human resources

More information

The Beacon Hill Institute

The Beacon Hill Institute The Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University Metro Area Competitiveness Report 2007 BHI Metro Area Rankings 2007 Alphabetical Listing Subindexes, Rank in 2007 Overall Govt & Fiscal Policy Security Infrstrc

More information

Census Affects Children in Poverty by Professors Donald Hernandez and Nancy Denton State University of New York, Albany

Census Affects Children in Poverty by Professors Donald Hernandez and Nancy Denton State University of New York, Albany Phone: (301) 457-9900 4700 Silver Hill Road, Suite 1250-3, Suitland, MD 20746 Fax: (301) 457-9901 Census Affects in Poverty by Professors Donald Hernandez and Nancy Denton State University of New York,

More information

Beacon Hill Institute

Beacon Hill Institute Tenth Annual Beacon Hill Institute State Competitiveness Report State Rankings by State Subindexes, Rank in Overall Govt & Fiscal Security InfrStrc Human Policy Resources Tech Biz Incub. Openness Enviro

More information

Lower Income Journey to Work Market Share From American Community Survey

Lower Income Journey to Work Market Share From American Community Survey Lower Income Journey to Work Market Share From American Community Survey 2006-2010 Table 1: Overall National Data Table 2: Car, Truck or Van Table 3: Transit Table 4: Metrics Table 1 Work Trip Market Share:

More information

FBI Drug Demand Reduction Coordinators

FBI Drug Demand Reduction Coordinators FBI Drug Demand Reduction Coordinators Alabama 2121 Building, Room 1400 Birmingham, AL 35203 (205) 252 7705 One St. Louis Centre One St. Louis Street Mobile, AL 36602 (334) 438 3674 Alaska 222 West Seventh

More information

BLACK KNIGHT HPI REPORT

BLACK KNIGHT HPI REPORT CONTENTS 1 OVERVIEW 2 NATIONAL OVERVIEW 3 LARGEST STATES AND METROS 4 FEBRUARY S BIGGEST MOVERS 5 20 LARGEST STATES 6 40 LARGEST METROS 7 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION OVERVIEW Each month, the Data & Analytics

More information

RUSSIA OR CA WA AK NV CANADA ID UT AZ MT WY CO NM MEXICO HI ND SD NE KS TX MN OK CANADA IA WI LA IL MI IN OH WV VA FL ME VT NH MA NY CT NJ PA MO KY NC TN SC AR AL GA MS MD BAHAMAS CUBA RI DE 3 RUSSIA 1

More information

International migration. Total net migration. Domestic migration

International migration. Total net migration. Domestic migration Indicator Direction Comparables a. Net population migration b. Crime rate (city) c. Housing costs d. Cost-of-living index N.A. e. State & local tax intensity f. Performing arts groups g. Air quality index

More information

A COMPARISON OF THE MILWAUKEE METROPOLITAN AREA TO ITS PEERS

A COMPARISON OF THE MILWAUKEE METROPOLITAN AREA TO ITS PEERS KRY/WJS/EDL #222377 (PDF: #223479) 1/30/15 PRELIMINARY DRAFT Memorandum Report A COMPARISON OF THE MILWAUKEE METROPOLITAN AREA TO ITS PEERS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This memorandum report provides a statistical

More information

ustravel.org/travelpromotion

ustravel.org/travelpromotion Agenda 1. Power of Travel Promotion Resources 2. New Tool: Travel Economic Impact Calculator 3. Accessing data through Interactive Travel Analytics 4. Unused Vacation Time Opportunity 5. Highlights from

More information

Higher Education in America s Metropolitan Areas A Statistical Profile

Higher Education in America s Metropolitan Areas A Statistical Profile Higher Education in America s Metropolitan Areas A Statistical Profile MSA Study No.2 Higher Education in America s Metropolitan Areas A Statistical Profile CONTENTS Why Metro Areas? 1 Executive Summary

More information

Location, Location, Location. 19 th Annual NIC Conference NIC MAP Data & Analysis Service

Location, Location, Location. 19 th Annual NIC Conference NIC MAP Data & Analysis Service Location, Location, Location 19 th Annual NIC Conference NIC MAP Data & Analysis Service The Great Occupancy Decline 94% Occupancy Trends Majority Nursing Seniors Housing 93% 92% 91% 92.8% 91.0% 90% 89%

More information

Appendix D: Aggregation Error for New England Metro Areas and for Places

Appendix D: Aggregation Error for New England Metro Areas and for Places Appendix D: for New England Metro Areas and for Places D-1 Appendix D: s Figure D-1: New England Metro Areas - Summary of Tract s (2000) Metro ID (msapma99) Metro Area Name Census NCDB 1120 Boston, MA-NH

More information

RANKING OF THE 100 MOST POPULOUS U.S. CITIES 12/7/ /31/2016

RANKING OF THE 100 MOST POPULOUS U.S. CITIES 12/7/ /31/2016 OVERVIEW OF THE DATA The following information is based on incoming communication to the National Human Trafficking Hotline via phone, email, and online tip report from December 7, 2007 December 31, 2016

More information

Major Metropolitan Area Sales Tax Rates

Major Metropolitan Area Sales Tax Rates August 19, 2010 No. 239 FISCAL FACT Major Metropolitan Area Sales Tax Rates By Lawrence Summers Introduction General sales taxes levied by state, county and city governments in the United States vary greatly,

More information

A COMPARISON OF THE MILWAUKEE METROPOLITAN AREA TO ITS PEERS

A COMPARISON OF THE MILWAUKEE METROPOLITAN AREA TO ITS PEERS KRY/WJS/EDL #222377 v4 (PDF: #223479v2) 4/1/15 APPENDIX D REVISED DRAFT Memorandum Report A COMPARISON OF THE MILWAUKEE METROPOLITAN AREA TO ITS PEERS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report provides a statistical

More information

Metropolitan Votes and the 2012 U.S. Election: Population, GDP, Patents and Creative Class

Metropolitan Votes and the 2012 U.S. Election: Population, GDP, Patents and Creative Class politan Votes and the 2012 U.S. Election: Population, GDP, Patents and Creative Class Author: Shawn Gilligan, Shawn.Gilligan@rotman.utoronto.ca Zara Matheson, Zara.Matheson@rotman.utoronto.ca Kevin Stolarick,

More information

OB-GYN Workload & Potential Shortages: The Coming U.S. Women s Health Crisis

OB-GYN Workload & Potential Shortages: The Coming U.S. Women s Health Crisis OB-GYN Workload & Potential Shortages: The Coming U.S. Women s Health Crisis JULY 2017 Introduction Obstetricians and Gynecologists (OB-GYNs) are a critical part of the health care provider community.

More information

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INTRODUCTION

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INTRODUCTION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INTRODUCTION 1 OUTLINE Current Status and Recent Trends Significant Influences A Critical Assessment Arguments Supporting Public Transport Future Influences Ingredients for Future

More information

CIM & Associates 2479 Murfreesboro Road Nashville, TN Tel: Fax:

CIM & Associates 2479 Murfreesboro Road Nashville, TN Tel: Fax: Alabama AL Arkansas AR Arizona AZ California CA (Northern) CA (Southern) Paine & Murray, Inc. 13300 Violet Lane Euless, TX 76040 Tel: 817-868-9584 Fax: 817-545-1312 Email: bruce@painemurray.com Intrex

More information

MAMA Risk Summary Data as of 2008 Q4

MAMA Risk Summary Data as of 2008 Q4 MAMA Risk Summary Data as of 2008 Q4 Table of Contents Contents. 2 Largest 25 Metro Areas based on HMDA originations.. 3 Lowest Risk 25 Metro Areas 4 Highest Risk 25 Metro Areas... 5 Largest 25 States

More information

Political Event Recreational Event Federal Holiday ~ January 2012 ~ Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 New Year s Day (Federal Holiday) 5 -Progressive

Political Event Recreational Event Federal Holiday ~ January 2012 ~ Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 New Year s Day (Federal Holiday) 5 -Progressive Political Event Recreational Event Federal Holiday ~ January 2012 ~ 1 2 New Year s Day (Federal Holiday) 8 -Progressive Insurance New York Boat Show. New York City, NY Partners Outdoors 2012, Williamsburg,

More information

WAVE II JUNE travelhorizons TM WAVE II 2014 PREPARED AND PUBLISHED BY: MMGY Global

WAVE II JUNE travelhorizons TM WAVE II 2014 PREPARED AND PUBLISHED BY: MMGY Global WAVE II June 14 travelhorizons TM WAVE II 14 PREPARED AND PUBLISHED BY: WAVE II JUNE 14 MMGY Global 423 South Keller Road, Suite 1 Orlando, FL 3281, 7-875-1111 MMGYGlobal.com 14 MMGY Global. All rights

More information

House Price Appreciation by State Percent Change in House Prices Period Ended June 30, 2009

House Price Appreciation by State Percent Change in House Prices Period Ended June 30, 2009 House Price Appreciation by State Percent Change in House Prices (Estimates use FHFA s Seasonally-Adjusted Purchase-Only House Price Index) State Rank* 1-Yr. Qtr. 5-Yr. Since 1991Q1 North Dakota (ND) 1

More information

Access Across America: Transit 2014

Access Across America: Transit 2014 Access Across America: Transit 2014 Final Report CTS 14-11 Prepared by: Andrew Owen David Levinson Accessibility Observatory Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo- Engineering University of Minnesota

More information

MapInfo Routing J Server. United States Data Information

MapInfo Routing J Server. United States Data Information MapInfo Routing J Server United States Data Information Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of MapInfo or its representatives.

More information

Geography Quiz: State Capitals

Geography Quiz: State Capitals Geography Quiz: State Capitals Directions: Select the correct capital city for each state in the United States of America. 1. Alabama a. Jackson b. Montgomery c. Jefferson city d. Augusta e. Boston 6.

More information

MANGO MARKET DEVELOPMENT INDEX REPORT

MANGO MARKET DEVELOPMENT INDEX REPORT MANGO MARKET DEVELOPMENT INDEX REPORT 2015-2016 UNDERSTANDING THE MARKET INDEX The Mango Market Development Index is designed to measure and compare mango sales volume relative to population by region

More information

Published Counts TrafficMetrix

Published Counts TrafficMetrix Published Counts TrafficMetrix Contents Introduction... 1 TrafficMetrix Features... 1 TrafficMetrix Benefits... 1 TrafficMetrix Data... 1 File Descriptions... 2 State Abbreviations... 3 Count Type Glossary...

More information

IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition International Association of Exhibitions and Events

IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition International Association of Exhibitions and Events Expo! Expo! IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2010 EVENT AUDIT DATES OF EVENT: Conference: December 7 9, 2010 Exhibits: December 8, 2010 LOCATION: New Orleans, LA EVENT PRODUCER/MANAGER: Company Name:

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. hospitality compensation as a share of total compensation at. Page 1

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. hospitality compensation as a share of total compensation at. Page 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Applied Analysis was retained by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority (the LVCVA ) to review and analyze the economic impacts associated with its various operations and southern

More information

National Electric Rate Study

National Electric Rate Study National Electric Rate Study Ranking of typical residential, commercial and industrial electric bills 2017 Study 1040 O Street, P.O. Box 80869 Lincoln, NE 68501-0869 p: 402.475.4211 www.les.com Lincoln

More information

DIRECT FASTENING. 20V MAX * Cordless Concrete Nailer

DIRECT FASTENING. 20V MAX * Cordless Concrete Nailer DIRECT FASTENING 20V MAX * Cordless INTERCHANGEABLE CONTACT TRIPS Drywall and Mechanical contact trips for application versatility Removable; tool-free ADJUSTABLE POWER 3 settings for pin depth adjustment

More information

Mango Market Development Index

Mango Market Development Index Mango Market Development Index 2016-2017 Understanding the Market Index The Mango Market Development Index is designed to measure and compare mango volume sold at retail relative to population by region

More information

Rank Place State Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander population (alone or in combination

Rank Place State Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander population (alone or in combination TABLE 2a: 100 Largest Places Ranked by Number of s (race alone or in *) Living in Hard-to- Census Rank Place State (alone or in 1 Honolulu (CDP) HI 64,196 11,130 17.3 2 New York City NY 14,981 8,211 54.8

More information

FILED: NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 10/14/ :25 PM INDEX NO / /4/2016 Office locations in US states: PwC

FILED: NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 10/14/ :25 PM INDEX NO / /4/2016 Office locations in US states: PwC FILED: NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 10/14/2016 02:25 PM INDEX NO. 451962/2016 10/4/2016 Office locations in US states: PwC NYSCEF DOC. NO. 9 RECEIVED NYSCEF: 10/14/2016 PwC office locations in (by state) Below

More information

TOGETHER, MAKING BOATING THE PREFERRED CHOICE IN RECREATION RECREATIONAL BOATING ECONOMIC STUDY $ $

TOGETHER, MAKING BOATING THE PREFERRED CHOICE IN RECREATION RECREATIONAL BOATING ECONOMIC STUDY $ $ 2012 TOGETHER, MAKING BOATING THE PREFERRED CHOICE IN RECREATION RECREATIONAL BOATING ECONOMIC STUDY In 2013 NMMA s Center of Knowledge contracted with the Recreational Marine Research Center at Michigan

More information

OUR U.S. FULL SERVICE OFFICES:

OUR U.S. FULL SERVICE OFFICES: HOW TO NAME US AS YOUR REGISTERED AGENT Listing the correct name and address of your Registered Agent on filings is critically important. To make sure you have the most current address for COGENCY GLOBAL

More information

Statistical Report of State Park Operations:

Statistical Report of State Park Operations: National Association of State Park Directors Statistical Report of State Park Operations: 2011-2012 Annual Information Exchange for the Period July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012 Prepared for the National

More information

Beacon Hill Institute. 12th Annual State Competitiveness Report

Beacon Hill Institute. 12th Annual State Competitiveness Report Beacon Hill Institute 12th Annual State Competitiveness Report Subindexes, Rank in Overall Govt & Fiscal Human Security InfrStrc Policy Resources Tech Biz Incub. Openness Enviro Plcy Index Rank I R I R

More information

The Economic Impact of Tourism in Missouri. Fiscal Year 2016 Summary December 2016

The Economic Impact of Tourism in Missouri. Fiscal Year 2016 Summary December 2016 The Economic Impact of Tourism in Missouri Fiscal Year 2016 Summary December 2016 Introduction and definitions This study measures the economic impact of tourism in Missouri in FY2016. Visitors included

More information

L U K A S LIGHTING. If your City or State is not listed, Contact Lukas Lighting Directly:

L U K A S LIGHTING. If your City or State is not listed, Contact Lukas Lighting Directly: If your City or State is not listed, Contact Lukas Lighting Directly: Lukas Lighting 40-20 22nd Street Long Island City, NY 11101 info@lukaslighting.com 1-800-841-4011 ALPHABETICAL BY STATE (Last Updated

More information

At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the following:

At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the following: AMENDMENT TO H. R. (CONTINUING APPROPRIATIONS, 0) OFFERED BY MR. PENCE OF INDIANA At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the following: 0 SEC. ll. None of the funds made available by this

More information

1. STATEMENT OF MARKET SERVED Corporate exhibit, event and trade show managers and suppliers to the exhibition industry.

1. STATEMENT OF MARKET SERVED Corporate exhibit, event and trade show managers and suppliers to the exhibition industry. EVENT AUDIT DATES OF EVENT: Conference: February 25 March 1, 2018 Exhibits: February 26 28, 2018 LOCATION: Mandalay Bay Convention Center, Las Vegas EVENT PRODUCER/MANAGER: Company Name: Hall-Erickson,

More information

Mandalay Bay Convention Center, Las Vegas. Address: 98 E. Chicago Avenue, Suite 201 Westmont IL Phone:

Mandalay Bay Convention Center, Las Vegas. Address: 98 E. Chicago Avenue, Suite 201 Westmont IL Phone: EVENT AUDIT DATES OF EVENT: Conference: March 12 16, 2017 Exhibits: March 13 15, 2017 LOCATION: Mandalay Bay Convention Center, Las Vegas EVENT PRODUCER/MANAGER: Company Name: Hall-Erickson, Inc. Address:

More information

Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota

Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota Volume 073 Twelve Months Ended September 2007 January 2008 Airlines Serving Fargo Carried 831 Onboard Passengers Per Day for the Twelve Months Ended September

More information

Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota

Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota Volume 072 Twelve Months Ended June 2007 November 2007 Airlines Serving Fargo Carried 830 Onboard Passengers Per Day for the Twelve Months Ended June 2007,

More information

SGS ACCUTEST STATE CERTIFICATIONS, ACCREDITATIONS, AND PERMITS BY STATE

SGS ACCUTEST STATE CERTIFICATIONS, ACCREDITATIONS, AND PERMITS BY STATE Alaska UST-103 5/4/2017 Dayton, NJ Alaska UST-088 8/21/2017 Orlando, FL Arizona AZ0786 9/9/2017 Dayton, NJ Arizona AZ0769 7/12/2017 Houston, TX Arkansas 16-027-0 3/28/2017 Houston, TX Arkansas 16-050-0

More information

16,000 50,000 WALKATHON CITIES WALKERS MILES

16,000 50,000 WALKATHON CITIES WALKERS MILES WALKATHON 54 USA ARIZONA Phoenix ARKANSAS Little Rock CALIFORNIA Fresno Los Angeles Sacramento San Diego San Francisco San Jose CONNECTICUT Hartford DELAWARE New Castle FLORIDA Miami Orlando Tampa GEORGIA

More information

Contact Orion at if you are not able to locate your agent.

Contact Orion at if you are not able to locate your agent. Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan

More information

Major US City Preparedness For an Oil Crisis Which Cities and Metro Areas are Best Prepared for $4 a Gallon Gas and Beyond?

Major US City Preparedness For an Oil Crisis Which Cities and Metro Areas are Best Prepared for $4 a Gallon Gas and Beyond? Major US City Preparedness For an Oil Crisis Which Cities and Metro Areas are Best Prepared for $4 a Gallon Gas and Beyond? March 4, 2008 By Warren Karlenzig President Common Current www.commoncurrent.com

More information

Chapter Name Albuquerque Ann Arbor Augusta Baton Rouge Bayou Oncology (C'est Bon) Big Sky Bluegrass Blue Ridge of Virginia Bluewater International Boston Broward Florida Bucks Montgomery Counties California

More information

Strategic Central Florida Location Big Bend Road & U.S. Highway 41

Strategic Central Florida Location Big Bend Road & U.S. Highway 41 Strategic Central Florida Location Big Bend Road & U.S. Highway 41 Park Highlights 337,447 SF (Building 13124) under construction June 2017 occupancy Cross-Dock 101 Trailer Spaces 1.5 miles from I-75 8

More information

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment trends in the nation s largest cities Prepared by: The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic

More information

Expo! Expo! IAEM s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2006

Expo! Expo! IAEM s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2006 Expo! Expo! IAEM s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2006 EVENT AUDIT DATES OF EVENT: Conference: November 28 30, 2006 Exhibits: November 29, 2006 LOCATION: San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, CA EVENT PRODUCER/MANAGER:

More information

University of Denver

University of Denver Glenn R. Mueller, Ph.D. Professor University of Denver Franklin L. Burns School of Real Estate & Construction Management & Real Estate Investment Strategist glenn.mueller@du.edu Supply The new supply of

More information

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment trends in the nation s largest cities Prepared by: The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic

More information

Q1 Arrival Statistics. January-March 2015

Q1 Arrival Statistics. January-March 2015 Q1 Arrival Statistics January-March 2015 Q1 Total Air Arrivals Visitor Expenditure The average per person expenditure increased by $278 vs. Q1 2014. Overall this increase in spend contributed over $6M

More information

MARKETBEAT U.S. Office

MARKETBEAT U.S. Office MARKETBEAT U.S. Office Q4 2018 U.S. OFFICE Employment Indicators Market Indicators (Overall) Office: Net Absorption/Asking Rent 4Q TRAILING AVERAGE Office: Overall Vacancy Q4 17 Q4 18 Total Nonfarm Employment

More information

Approved FY 2002 Waivers (42**) (10)

Approved FY 2002 Waivers (42**) (10) Summary of Requests to Waive 7 CFR 273.24 Pending FY 2003 Waivers (1) Approved FY 2003 Waivers (43*) Approved FY 2002 Waivers (42**) No Current Waivers (9) Indian Reservations (10) Maine Alabama*** Nevada

More information

DOWNTOWN, CHARLOTTE AMALIE

DOWNTOWN, CHARLOTTE AMALIE TOTAL VISITOR ARRIVALS TO THE USVI : DECEMBER YEAR TO DATE DECEMBER TOTAL VISITOR ARRIVALS 2,85, 2,8, 2,814,257 2,75, 2,7, 2,65, 2,6, 2,642,118 2,71,542 2,648,5 2,55, 212 213 214 215 Visitor arrivals ended

More information

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment trends in the nation s largest cities Prepared by: The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic

More information

CSC Agent Office Addresses

CSC Agent Office Addresses CSC Agent Office Addresses Alabama Montgomery, Inc. 641 South Lawrence Street Montgomery, AL 36104 Montgomery County Arizona Phoenix 2338 West Royal Palm Road, Suite J Phoenix, AZ 85021 Maricopa County

More information

Manufacturer s Representatives Plumbing Wholesale Channel

Manufacturer s Representatives Plumbing Wholesale Channel ALABAMA ALASKA ARIZONA Breecher Sales, Inc. 2520 W. Holly Street Phoenix, AZ 85009 602-257-0278 www.breechersales.com ARKANSAS Wiggs, Haun & Bohan 7013 Westbelt Dr. Nashville, TN 37209 615-350-8334 www.whbsales.com

More information

Matt MacLaren, Esq. SVP Member Relations AzLTA Presentation

Matt MacLaren, Esq. SVP Member Relations AzLTA Presentation Matt MacLaren, Esq. SVP Member Relations AzLTA Presentation 11.29.16 MOVING THE NEEDLE: MEMBERSHIP & ENGAGEMENT 2013 Properties: 8,500 Rooms: 1.3 Million 2016 Properties: 23,500 Rooms: 2.8 Million +175%

More information

Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota

Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota Hector International Airport Fargo, North Dakota Volume 081 Twelve Months Ended March 2008 July 2008 Airlines Serving Fargo Carried 838 Onboard Passengers Per Day for the Twelve Months Ended March 2008,

More information

Mechanical Anchoring. Screw-Bolt+ CODE LISTED CODE LISTED ICC-ES ESR-3889 CRACKED & UNCRACKED CONCRETE ICC-ES ESR-4042 GROUTED CONCRETE BLOCK

Mechanical Anchoring. Screw-Bolt+ CODE LISTED CODE LISTED ICC-ES ESR-3889 CRACKED & UNCRACKED CONCRETE ICC-ES ESR-4042 GROUTED CONCRETE BLOCK Mechanical Anchoring CODE LISTED ICC-ES ESR-3889 CRACKED & UNCRACKED CONCRETE CODE LISTED ICC-ES ESR-4042 GROUTED CONCRETE BLOCK NEW APPROVED FOR GROUTED CONCRETE BLOCK (CMU) no load reduction in bed joints

More information

IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition Los Angeles CA

IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition Los Angeles CA Expo! Expo! IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2014 EVENT AUDIT DATES OF EVENT: Conference: December 9 11, 2014 Exhibits: December 9 10, 2014 LOCATION: Los Angeles CA EVENT PRODUCER/MANAGER: Company Name:

More information

Population Estimates for U.S. Cities Report 1: Fastest Growing Cities Based on Numeric Increase,

Population Estimates for U.S. Cities Report 1: Fastest Growing Cities Based on Numeric Increase, ulation s for U.S. Cities Report 1: Fastest Growing Cities Based on Numeric Increase, 2015-2015 1 Phoenix AZ 32,113 2.0 1,582,904 1,615,017 167,393 11.6 2 Los Angeles CA 27,173 0.7 3,949,149 3,976,322

More information

IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2011

IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2011 Expo! Expo! IAEE s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2011 EVENT AUDIT DATES OF EVENT: Conference: December 6 8, 2011 Exhibits: December 7, 2011 LOCATION: Las Vegas, NV EVENT PRODUCER/MANAGER: Company Name: International

More information

REGIONALLY FOCUSED. GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE.

REGIONALLY FOCUSED. GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE. ABOUT EDC WHO WE ARE Mission: San Diego Regional Economic Development Corporation s mission is to maximize the region s economic prosperity and global competitiveness. Vision: The San Diego Region will

More information

Alabama Y Y Birmingham-Hoover, AL Y Y. Alaska N/A. Arizona N Y Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ N Y Tucson, AZ N Y

Alabama Y Y Birmingham-Hoover, AL Y Y. Alaska N/A. Arizona N Y Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ N Y Tucson, AZ N Y - requires bidders to obtain out of state Alabama Y Y Birmingham-Hoover, AL Y Y Alaska Arizona N Y Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ N Y Tucson, AZ N Y Arkansas Y N Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Y N Memphis,

More information

If you have any other questions, please feel free to call us at MEDICARE ( ). Sincerely, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

If you have any other questions, please feel free to call us at MEDICARE ( ). Sincerely, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Thank you for your recent request for the Patient s Request for Medical Payment form (CMS-1490S). Enclosed is the form, instructions for completing it, and where to return the form for processing. The

More information

TOP 100. Transit Bus Fleets Agency 35 ft. Over Artic and 35 ft. Total +/- under 0 3, ,426 82

TOP 100. Transit Bus Fleets Agency 35 ft. Over Artic and 35 ft. Total +/- under 0 3, ,426 82 L.A. Metro-No. 3 1 1 MTA New York City Transit New York City 2 2 New Jersey Transit Corp. Newark, N.J. 3 3 Metro Los Angeles 4 5 Toronto Transit Commission Toronto 5 10 Chicago Transit Authority Chicago

More information

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment trends in the nation s largest cities Prepared by: The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic

More information

Items to include in your final application packet to USCIS:

Items to include in your final application packet to USCIS: PREPARING THE APPLICATION PACKET FOR USCIS OPT EXTENSION CHECK LIST: 1. Sign the OPT Extension I-20. You keep the original. 2. Make a copy of OPT Extension I-20 for the USCIS. Items to include in your

More information

Snowbelt to Sunbelt The Migration of America s s Voters

Snowbelt to Sunbelt The Migration of America s s Voters Snowbelt to Sunbelt The Migration of America s s Voters William H. Frey The Brookings Institution & University of Michigan www.frey-demographer.org State Projected Growth, 2000-2030 2030 Projected Growth,

More information

Trial Locations ADAPT: AGS 003. United States, Arizona. United States, Arkansas. United States, California. United States, Colorado

Trial Locations ADAPT: AGS 003. United States, Arizona. United States, Arkansas. United States, California. United States, Colorado Trial Locations ADAPT: AGS 003 United States, Arizona Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259 United States, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205 United States, California La Jolla, California,

More information

Agency 35 ft. Over Artic. Trolley 2012 Total and 35 ft. under. 1 1 MTA New York City Transit 0 3, ,344 New York City

Agency 35 ft. Over Artic. Trolley 2012 Total and 35 ft. under. 1 1 MTA New York City Transit 0 3, ,344 New York City Capital Metro-No. 40 Courtesy Capital Metro 1 1 MTA New York City Transit 0 3,704 640 0 4,344 New York City 2 3 New Jersey Transit Corp. 47 2,263 85 0 2,395 Newark, N.J. 3 2 Metro 50 1,956 378 0 2,384

More information

APPENDIX B AUTHORIZED SECTIONS of the SOCIETY OF MOTION PICTURE AND TELEVISION ENGINEERS with GEOGRAPHICAL BOUNDARIES (Revised )

APPENDIX B AUTHORIZED SECTIONS of the SOCIETY OF MOTION PICTURE AND TELEVISION ENGINEERS with GEOGRAPHICAL BOUNDARIES (Revised ) APPENDIX B AUTHORIZED SECTIONS of the SOCIETY OF MOTION PICTURE AND TELEVISION ENGINEERS with GEOGRAPHICAL BOUNDARIES (Revised 12-12-2008) ATLANTA SECTION - Southern Region Alabama (Part) by choice Florida

More information

MARKETBEAT U.S. Office

MARKETBEAT U.S. Office MARKETBEAT U.S. Office Q3 2018 U.S. OFFICE Employment Indicators Market Indicators (Overall) Office: Net Absorption/Asking Rent 4Q TRAILING AVERAGE Office: Overall Vacancy Q3 17 Q3 18 Total Nonfarm Employment

More information

17-Month STEM OPT Extension Request Form

17-Month STEM OPT Extension Request Form International Services for Students & Scholars Phone: 518.276.6561 Fax: 518.276.4839 17-Month STEM OPT Extension Request Form Name: RIN (Rensselaer ID Number): SEVIS ID# N Local Address: Phone: Degree

More information

OBSERVERS. We shall not be moved NAACP. national Convention. advance registration form. 104 th ANNUAL CONVENTION

OBSERVERS. We shall not be moved NAACP. national Convention. advance registration form. 104 th ANNUAL CONVENTION OBSERVERS We shall not be moved 104 NAACP th national Convention advance registration form orlando, florida July 13-17, 2013 1 AT-LARGE OBSERVERS advanced registration Section I CONTACT INFORMATION (Please

More information

TOP 100 Bus Fleets Agency 35 ft. and Over Artic under 35 ft. Total. 18 < metro magazine SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2018 metro-magazine.

TOP 100 Bus Fleets Agency 35 ft. and Over Artic under 35 ft. Total. 18 < metro magazine SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2018 metro-magazine. 1 1 MTA New York City Transit/MTA Bus Co. 0 4,860 951 5,811 New York City 2 3 New Jersey Transit Corp. 418 2,879 85 3,382 Newark, N.J. 3 2 Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority 50 1,882

More information

ALN Apartment Data, Inc. (Continued on next page)

ALN Apartment Data, Inc.   (Continued on next page) AK - Anchorage 93.0% 90.9% -210-2.2% $1,035 $1,018-1.7% 93.0% 90.9% -210-2.2% $1,035 $1,018-1.7% AK - Misc. AK 90.3% 86.8% -350-3.8% $1,218 $1,245 2.3% 90.3% 86.8% -350-3.8% $1,218 $1,245 2.3% Alaska Average

More information

Hotel Valuation and Transaction Trends for the U.S. Lodging Industry

Hotel Valuation and Transaction Trends for the U.S. Lodging Industry Hotel Valuation and Transaction Trends for the U.S. Lodging Industry June 2010 Presented by Steve Rushmore, MAI, FRICS, CHA srushmore@hvs.com - 1 - Value Trend for a Typical U.S. Hotel 1987 1988 1989 1990

More information

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment trends in the nation s largest cities Prepared by: The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic

More information

Oct-17 Oct-18 bps %CHG Oct-17 Oct-18 %CHG Oct-17 Oct-18 bps %CHG Oct-17 Oct-18 %CHG

Oct-17 Oct-18 bps %CHG Oct-17 Oct-18 %CHG Oct-17 Oct-18 bps %CHG Oct-17 Oct-18 %CHG AK - Anchorage 92.6% 89.9% -270-2.9% $1,023 $1,011-1.2% 92.6% 89.9% -270-2.9% $1,023 $1,011-1.2% AK - Misc. AK 89.9% 85.8% -410-4.6% $1,227 $1,230 0.2% 89.9% 85.8% -410-4.6% $1,227 $1,230 0.2% Alaska Average

More information

NBA - FRI DEC 7, 2018 TEAMS OL F

NBA - FRI DEC 7, 2018 TEAMS OL F NBA & NCAA SCHEDULE GAMES FROM DEC. 6 - DEC. 14, 2018 OSPUBLICATIONS.COM 1-702-991-2215 NBA - THURS DEC 6, 2018 701 NEW YORK 702 BOSTON 703 PHOENIX 704 PORTLAND 705 HOUSTON 706 UTAH 707 MARYLAND 708 PURDUE

More information

OPT Application. Optional Practical Training (OPT) Application Procedures

OPT Application. Optional Practical Training (OPT) Application Procedures Optional Practical Training (OPT) Application Procedures Step I Review the OPT Presentation on the OIS Website before Completing the Application Step II Submit the Following Documents to the Optional Practical

More information

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities

Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities Monthly Employment Watch: Milwaukee and the Nation's Largest Cities A monthly report on employment trends in the nation s largest cities Prepared by: The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Center for Economic

More information

California Craft Brewing: Future and Challenges. Bart Watson, PhD Chief Economist Brewers Association

California Craft Brewing: Future and Challenges. Bart Watson, PhD Chief Economist Brewers Association California Craft Brewing: Future and Challenges Bart Watson, PhD bart@brewersassociation.org Chief Economist Brewers Association Zeroing in on Industry Challenges 1. All Beverage Alcohol 2. All Beer 3.

More information

333 W. Campbell Road, Suite 440 Richardson, Texas Cruising for Charity with Randy Limbacher in Tahiti July 28, 2007

333 W. Campbell Road, Suite 440 Richardson, Texas Cruising for Charity with Randy Limbacher in Tahiti July 28, 2007 333 W. Campbell Road, Suite 440 Richardson, Texas 75080 972.238.1998 800.952.1998 Cruising for Charity with Randy Limbacher in Tahiti July 28, 2007 Join me for this special annual event to raise money

More information

MARKETBEAT U.S. Office

MARKETBEAT U.S. Office MARKETBEAT U.S. Office Q1 2017 U.S. OFFICE Employment Indicators Q1 16 Q1 17 Total Nonfarm Employment 143.4M 145.7M Offi ce-using Employment 30.9M 31.7M Unemployment 4.9% 4.6% Source: BLS Market Indicators

More information

Exhibition Attendance Certification for Expo! Expo! IAEM s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2005

Exhibition Attendance Certification for Expo! Expo! IAEM s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2005 Exhibition Attendance Certification for Expo! Expo! IAEM s Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2005 Date of Conference: November 29 December 1, 2005 Date of Exposition: November 30, 2005 Location: Atlanta, GA

More information

Puerto Rican Entrepreneurship in the U.S.

Puerto Rican Entrepreneurship in the U.S. Puerto Rican Entrepreneurship in the U.S. Research Brief issued April 2017 By: Jennifer Hinojosa Centro RB2016-14 Puerto Rican entrepreneurs were the fastest growing business firms in the U.S. According

More information

Quick, Easy, Painless & Proven Solution for HD

Quick, Easy, Painless & Proven Solution for HD Quick, Easy, Painless & Proven Solution for HD (hemorrhoidal disease) 2011.01.04 HD: Facts and Statistics Hospitalizations for Hemorrhoids: 316,000 people in the USA 1983-87* About 10 million Americans

More information

Weekly Disaster Stats Update

Weekly Disaster Stats Update Weekly Disaster Stats Update The Weekly Disaster Stats Update is published every week on Tuesday. The product is meant to provide a snapshot of major disaster statistics throughout the calendar year to-date,

More information