1 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY Preserving natural asset values while also promoting tourism potential an exploration of issues in New Zealand and China (Invited keynote address to: International Symposium on Balanced Economic and Social Development for Ethnic Minorities Areas, Kunming, China, May 2011) Ken Hughey Department of Environmental Management May 2011
2 Thanks My sincere thanks, for the opportunity of attending and contributing to this important conference, go to: Prof Yingjie Zhang, VC of Yunnan University of Nationalities; and Prof Deqiang Wang, DVC of Yunnan University of Nationalities.
3 A brief introduction 21 st century discussion of economic and social development (including of course cultural and ethnic needs) must be underpinned by understanding environmental constraints this is the triple bottom line. In NZ we now talk about the quadruple bottom line with social now = social and cultural, perhaps a thought for this conference? My talk is mostly about the environment because to have sustainable growth, we must sustain our natural capital. I illustrate some of the issues and possibilities by comparing and contrasting tourism in New Zealand and in Shangri-la.
4 A framework for thinking about sustainable tourism development I now present an organising framework for you to think about, in the context of tourism and sustainable livelihoods; This framework has been proposed and tested by my colleague Dr Fujun Shen, in rural china; I believe it has potential for further application here, although today I concentrate mainly on those aspects associated with Natural and Attraction capitals.
5 A Sustainable Livelihoods Framework for Tourism (Source: Shen et al. 2008)
6 Definitions: The Attraction capitals Cultural different nationalities and their cultures, religious, historical and archaeological features, festivals, etc Social the people generally, and their ability to attract events, entertainment, friendly reputations Natural (i) the natural resource assets (e.g., lakes, glaciers, landforms, forests, animal life) which attract the tourists, and (ii) the natural resource assets which sustain the tourists (e.g., clean and fresh water, clean and fresh air). Both of these forms need to be managed carefully and sustainability if an area is to maintain its attraction capital.
7 Some comparative context, and a question (note China no satellite accountss) New Zealand: External tourists: 2.5m p.a. International = 2.5m Income from external tourism = 30b RMB Attractions: 100% PURE Shangri-la: External tourists: c.1m p.a. International = c.100,000 Income from tourism = <<6b RMB Attractions: Natural; Cultural Based on the above how can areas like Shangri-la: increase tourism income (i.e., the economic bottom line), while concurrently meeting societal obligations (i.e., the social and/or cultural bottom line) while also protecting its natural capital (i.e., the environmental bottom line)? I now discuss some of the issues faced in addressing this question from (mainly) the environmental perspective.
8 Environment and tourism issues Global concern about climate change & carbon footprint of tourism: can we offset tourism impacts? Growing issue for NZ and for long distance international tourism Sustainability generally NZ markets its Clean and Green image successfully; has its own credible sustainable tourism certification scheme, i.e., Responsible Tourism Qualmark: What do places like Shangri-la tell the world about its assets, how it develops and manages them and why high spending tourists should visit?
9 Some more comparative context New Zealand: Type of tourist mainly FIT from Europe, NA, Australia (camper vans, rental cars); group travel from Asia Access to natural assets free and open access; rents for commercial operations Shangri-la Type of tourist mainly group travel, mass tourism (mostly planes and buses) Access to natural assets totally provider controlled and fully commercial Implications: In theory much easier to deliver many aspects of sustainability in Shangri-la than in New Zealand: Why is this the case?
10 New Zealand s tourism is built largely on its natural attractions - anybody can visit this lake and 99% of national parks and reserves its free
11 In New Zealand, caves are very popular tourist attractions they are also important for their natural and palaeontology features but these are difficult to protect
12 And getting close to nature is also what tourists like to do in NZ, but how do we manage tourism so the birds don t suffer, and the attractions remain? These are really difficult challenges when the access is essentially free to all, in many circumstances.
13 So, for NZ the answer is complex! Macro national and regional levels: Increase proportion of high spend tourists and get them to stay longer = possible, with good marketing and reputation Manage internal travel more sustainably, i.e., increase public transport, regionalise visits = difficult - high proportion of FITs Offset carbon emissions = possible, if govt supports it! Micro level: Identify key natural attraction assets and manage so as to protect while still attracting tourists = generally achieving this as most iconic assets are on government land and Department of Conservation manages carefully and strategically Safeguard the sustaining natural assets, e.g., water, air = possible but challenging in face of other development pressure, i.e., intensive agriculture
14 For areas like Shangri-la, and admittedly based on: days of observation and - brief interviews with 3 business leaders and government officials...
15 Shangri-la: obvious sustainability advantages around the natural attraction assets Everyone pays and is controlled from the front gate Pu Dacuo NP Mass transit moves people in managed ways minimising carbon and other footprints Even basic infrastructure is green And, at the end of the day: impacts on the underlying natural attraction capital are minimised; thus leaving other parts of parks for the conservation of biodiversity, etc.
16 But, major challenges around the sustaining natural assets International tourists, esp from Europe, NA and Australasia, like: reliable and efficient transport systems, free flowing streams, good air quality, safe food, and a litter free environment Can the infrastructure and management to deliver on these needs be provided? Can the carbon footprint be minimised? Can a tourism development plan that links with other priorities, e.g., transport, be constructed in an integrated way?
17 Shangri-la: other opportunities/needs Initial interviews suggest get the infrastructure right first Then market in a bold and integrated way looking to build more resilience into the industry = increase proportion/ diversity of international tourists: reputation is vital But market the right things interviews suggest the distinctive cultures, but my observation suggests also the natural attractions. Combine the two in innovative ways! Try and grow international market, esp. around shoulder seasons (why did we see so few tourists on Friday?) Develop new opportunities = master plans great start but for the macro level operationalise within context of sustainable livelihoods..., and complement other initiatives
18 So, what should the tourism goals be in 21 st century? Do we want, in a broad economic sense, to: Grow tourism sustainably and maintain pristine/ very diverse attraction (natural, cultural and social) capitals? Appeals most to a diverse high end, high spend, market Requires significant tourism infrastructure development Grow tourism while allowing natural capital to decline but enhancing cultural and social capital? This option might build a narrower low-medium spend tourism market: mainly domestic and south Asia My assumption is we will pursue the first of these goals...
19 How to maintain natural capital assets in the face of tourism growth Inventorise, map and prioritise the assets for development (and others for environmental protection) Who? combination of tourism developers, govt, community interests, scientists Empower local communities to manage assets, e.g. in NZ many of our largest tourism companies owned/operated by Maori, e.g., Whale Watch in Kaikoura, a multi million dollar industry And then more specifically in terms of sustainability: Identify indicators of change to assets linked to tourism use Who? scientists, policy makers Measure these indicators to manage the resource Who? scientists, industry, community Manage the results within the context of approaches such as the Pressure State Response model (see Hughey et al. 2004) Who? Government, industry, community, scientists
20 Conclusions and implications Sustainable tourism development and maintaining attraction capitals should be natural partners. In places with multiple nationalities, culture is a logical partner to nature look for complementary development. Collaboration between local communities, tourism developers, government (and researchers) is needed for sustainable tourism development. Such cooperation helps protect the environment and helps ensure economic and social development, including of course for ethnic minorities, the key conference theme. Finally, integrate and use a combination of the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework for Tourism and the Quadruple Bottom Line to both plan for and implement development, and to measure performance.
21 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY Key references: HUGHEY, K.F.D., WARD, J.C, CRAWFORD, K.A., McCONNELL, L., PHILLIPS, J.G. & R. WASHBOURNE A Classification Framework and Management Approach for the Sustainable Use of Natural Assets for Tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research. 6: SHEN, F., HUGHEY, K.F.D., SIMMONS, D Connecting the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and Tourism: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Management, 15:
Biosphere Reserves of India : Complete Study Notes Author : Oliveboard Date : April 7, 2017 Biosphere reserves of India form an important topic for the UPSC CSE preparation. This blog post covers all important
Penzance Heliport Ltd. Penzance Heliport Ltd is planning to reinstate the popular scheduled helicopter service between Penzance and the Isles of Scilly. To operate the service, it proposes to build a new
South Pole Group Carbon Offsetting Scenario Simulation Thomas Schroder Director Marketing & Communications South Pole Group Page 2 Agenda Recommended Best Practices for Carbon Offsetting 02 Some Aviation
66 related crime, less concerned about the stability and certainty offered by booking a package holiday, and may choose to be independent travellers, organizing their travel and itinerary themselves. Tourists
Annex 1. First draft text of the European Charter for Sustainable and Responsible Tourism European Charter for Sustainable and Responsible Tourism I. INTRODUCTION II. OBJECTIVES Working together to make
The Impact of Global Value Chain on APEC Major Economies Competitiveness and Industrial Structure upgrading Zhang Yaxiong, Yuan Jianqin Department of Economic Forecasting State Information Center (SIC)
Tourism and Climate Change A Framework for Action July 2008 1 Tourism and Climate Change - A Framework for Action Background The Council of Australian Governments' (COAG) National Climate Change Adaptation
Nature Based Tourism in Australia Manifesto COVER NOTE This draft Manifesto has been crafted through consultation with State and Federal Governments; tourism and parks agencies; the investment community;
TOURISM IN WESTLAND MARCH 2012 Tourism in Westland The Westland District Council co-ordinated three tourism industry related meetings during February 2012. These were held in Haast, Fox Glacier and Hokitika.
Community Based Development through Tourism in Bangladesh: Possibilities and Limitations Mr. Haque Md. Monzorul Joint Secretary Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism Introduction Initiatives have been taken
June 2017 TEQ Marketing Strategy 2025 Executive Summary Vision and The Opportunity Tourism and Events Queensland s (TEQ) Marketing Strategy 2025 provides a platform to realise the TEQ vision of inspiring
Australia s Nature Coast Background A partnership between Fraser Coast Opportunities and Sunshine Coast Destination Ltd has been created to develop and promote the region as one unified, world class ecotourism
The Aviation Security Service of New Zealand Asia-Pacific AVSEC 2011 Canberra, Australia 29-30 March 2011 Mark T. Everitt General Manager Aviation Security Service New Zealand Ensuring effective security
RURAL TOURISM ACTION PLAN Vision To maximise the potential of the rural tourism offer, which will bring substantial benefits to local economies and communities and contribute to 5% growth, year on year,
The Challenges for the European Tourism Sustainable Denada Olli Lecturer at Fan S. Noli University, Faculty of Economy, Department of Marketing, Branch Korça, Albania. Doi:10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n9p464 Abstract
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES AND AUSTRALIAN TOURISM: A SCOPING STUDY OF THE ECONOMIC ASPECTS ABSTRACT Ray Spurr STCRC Senior Research Fellow School of Marketing University of New South Wales Sydney NSW 2052
YORKSHIRE DALES NATIONAL PARK AUTHORITY ITEM 10 Date: 31 March 2015 Report: CHARGING FOR THE USE OF AUTHORITY OWNED PUBLIC TOILETS Purpose of the report 1. To seek Members approval to trial for two years,
Review of the Scottish National Tourism Strategy This paper supplements the Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) response to the review of the Tourism Strategy, in order to explain in a more logical way the
A fact sheet from Sept 2015 Palau National Marine Sanctuary Building Palau s future and honoring its past Caring for the environment has long been an important part of Palau s culture. For centuries, traditional
Symposium Mainstreaming Sector Policies into Integrated National Sustainable Development Planning: Enhancing Sustainable Tourism, Urbanization, Resource Efficiency, Biodiversity and Environmental Protection
HIGH-END ECOTOURISM AS A SUSTAINABLE LAND USE OPTION IN RURAL AFRICA: THE ROLE OF EMPLOYMENT IN POVERTY REDUCTION & SOCIAL WELFARE Sue Snyman, March 2011 firstname.lastname@example.org INTRODUCTION Rural Communities
Director, Planning Frameworks NSW Department of Planning and Environment GPO Box 39 Sydney NSW 2001 16 December 2016 NCC SUBMISSION ON EXPLANATION OF INTENDED EFFECT: STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING POLICY
Policy 2017 National s plan for regional New Zealand Backing our regions Policy highlights New Zealand is a nation of opportunities and that s all because of the hard work and enterprise of New Zealanders,
22.12.2005 Official Journal of the European Union L 337/43 PROTOCOL on the implementation of the Alpine Convention of 1991 in the field of tourism Tourism Protocol Preamble THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY,
Brisbane Social Indicators 2013 This study examines the social impacts of tourism on the local communities, as perceived by its residents. The research is intended to inform the decision making of state
Sustainable Rural Tourism Tourism: its nature and potential Tourism = multifaceted economic activity + strong social element Definition of tourism by the World Tourism Organisation (WTO): tourism comprises
2017-2018 Strategic Plan Regional Opportunity Strong For Generations Greater Whitsunday Alliance Greater Whitsunday Alliance is an independent regional economic development body that is an advocate for
June 29 th 2015 SOS LEMURS SPECIAL INITIATIVE 1 SUMMARY FOREWORD...3 SOS LEMURS HELP US SAVE MADAGASCAR S ICONS...3 EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN...4 WHY PROTECT LEMURS?... 4 THE IUCN ACTION PLAN!... 5 GENERAL
WHY FOCUS ON IMPROVING THE PASSENGER EXPERIENCE? 9 great reasons to make customer service a top priority IMPROVING THE PASSENGER EXPERIENCE IS MORE THAN JUST A FAD IMPROVING THE PASSENGER EXPERIENCE IS
SHORT BREAKS TO NSW March 2016 INTRODUCTION This document provides demographic profile of domestic and international short break 1 visitors to NSW, and their travel behaviour. It makes comparisons in terms
Prof. Dr. Alexis Institut für Maritimen Tourismus Papathanassis E-Tourism Cruise Management & Prof. Dr. Alexis Papathanassis TASH Fachtagung Kreuzfahrt - Kiel 9 th September 2011 The Potential of German
1 1. Introduction. 1.1 Tourism: An Overview. Tourism as an economic activity has been gaining tremendous importance in today's world and is currently the fastest growing sector of the world economy. Tourism
Academic writing has a particular structure. This structure can be represented like a diamond. The diamond structure repeats on a small level in paragraphs and assignment tasks and on a larger level in
Raghu Bista Department of Business Administration University of Macedonia A Tourism Plan to Alleviate Rural Poverty in Nepal In this paper, efforts undertaken through TRPAP (Tourism for Rural Poverty Alleviation
August 2005 Briefing Why airport expansion is bad for regional economies 1 Summary The UK runs a massive economic deficit from air travel. Foreign visitors arriving by air spent nearly 11 billion in the
Development of Ski Resorts in the Indian Himalayas AMITABH SHARMA SKI HIMALAYAS # 1 Pocket 52, C.R Park New Delhi 110019 +91-9816055555 Email : email@example.com The Himalayas are a vast
Case of SMEs in the tourism sector of Fogo, Cape Verde Amdework Dilnessaw State University of Bergamo 1 Table of Content Back ground Objective of the research Scope & Limitation Data & Methodology Value
Tourism New Zealand Statement of Intent 2013-2016 Presented to the House of Representatives Pursuant to Section 149 of the Crown Entities Act 2004 1 2 Table of Contents Foreword from the Chair of Tourism
TOURISM DEVELOPMENT, SUSTAINABILITY AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES Case studies from Finnish Lapland Seija Tuulentie D.Soc.Sc., senior researcher Finnish Forest Research Institute INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SUSTAINABLE
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL VATM TRAIN ABROAD PROGRAMME INTRODUCTION What is the VATM Train Abroad programme? The programme provides selected students with an exciting opportunity to undertake air traffic control
Globalisation in this context is the easier movement of people around the world. However globalisation can be defined as any process of change operating at a world scale, such as the giving of aid, the
THEME D: MONITORING THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ECOTOURISM: EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN ALL ACTORS WTO/UNEP Summary of Preparatory Conferences and Discussion Paper for the World Ecotourism Summit, prepared
Affiliation to Hotel Chains: Requirements towards Hotels in Bulgaria Maya Ivanova CEO, Zangador Ltd., Bulgaria International University College, Dobrich, Bulgaria Stanislav Ivanov International University
The European Institute of Retailing and Services Studies Recent Advances in Retailing and Service Science July 9-12, 2012 The Competitiveness of Iceland as a Destination for Tourists Authors: Fridrik Eysteinsson,
Year of Adventure 2016 Tourism Industry Briefing Wales is where the adventure starts in 2016. Bear Grylls Background Welsh Government recently announced a series of thematic years, aimed at providing a
Rural Tourism Štefan Bojnec University of Primorska, Slovenia Seville, 14 December 2006 What is rural tourism? RURAL TOURISM AGRO- TOURISM FARM TOURISM Long tradition in Europe Rural, agro and farm tourism
Policy 2017 Our plan Policy highlights National is committed to building the world-class infrastructure to ensure New Zealand continues to grow. Record investment in transport Delivering the Roads of National
AgriCULTURE and Nature Tourism What Options Do I Have? Holly George, County Director University of California Cooperative Extension February 2011, Red Bluff Agtour Workshop Challenge Your Thinking AgriCULTURE
The Ecology and Economy of Coral Reefs: Considerations in Marketing Sustainability Rick MacPherson Director, Conservation Programs Coral Reef Alliance Coral Reefs in Peril: Worldwide Status 2004: 70% of
International Conference on Education, Management and Computing Technology (ICEMCT 2015) Study on Hainan Rural Tourism under Perspective of Low Carbon Economy Shibiao Lei Haikou College of Economics, Haikou,
EWG 51 Agenda Item 9(a) Progress Report of the APEC Expert Group on New & Renewable Technologies Shin- Je Li Secretariat firstname.lastname@example.org 12-13 May 2016 EWG 40 Brunei Darussalam 22-26 November, 2010 EWG
5 Demography and Economy Demography People have probably lived on Great Barrier Island (Aotea) since the 13 th century. There are few written observations about the number of Maori settled here but these
Regional summary Wellington Regional summary - Wellington This is a summary of data relevant to transportation in this region, viewed from a Land Transport NZ perspective. It s purpose is to inform the
Gold Coast Rapid Transit Chapter twelve Social impact Chapter content Social impact assessment process...235 Existing community profile...237 Consultation...238 Social impacts and mitigation strategies...239
JUNE 2016 GLOBAL SUMMARY FAST FACTS The world of air transport, 2014 All figures are for 2014, unless otherwise stated, to give a single set of data for one year. Where available, the latest figures are
CHALLENGES TO SUSTAINABLE RESORT AND HOTEL DEVELOPMENT IN MALAYSIA by Muhamad S. Salehudin University of New south Wales, Australia International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia E-mail: Z32627362@student.unsw.edu.au
Summary Report on Workshop Sustainable Development in Lake Areas: Empowering Local Initiatives and Civil Society 21 25 April 2010 Bled, Slovenia Summary report 28 participants from twelve European countries
Exchange Rates and Tourism Relationships in New Zealand Report to Ministry of Tourism July 2007 Preface NZIER is a specialist consulting firm that uses applied economic research and analysis to provide
Embargoed until 10:45am 19 January 2010 Accommodation Survey: November 2009 Highlights Compared with November 2008: International guest nights were up 2 percent, while domestic guest nights were down 1
The Economic Impact of Tourism on Galveston Island, Texas 2012 Analysis Headline Results Headline results Tourism is a significant contributor to business sales, employment, and taxes on Galveston Island.
IATE - 6th EDITION ROUND TABLE BLUE GROWTH AND TOURISM Rimini, June 23, 2017 Coastal and maritime tourism in the frame of the European Blue Growth strategies Fabio Fava IT Representative: i) Horizon2020
visits4u Case Studies: Historical Centre of Athens Athens, Greece Historical Centre of Athens Athens, Greece Title: The Historical Centre of Athens as an Accessible Destination Description Tourism in Greece
White Paper: Assessment of 1-to-Many matching in the airport departure process November 2015 rockwellcollins.com Background The airline industry is experiencing significant growth. With higher capacity
St. John s Region 1.0 Introduction Newfoundland and Labrador s most dominant service centre, St. John s (population = 100,645) is also the province s capital and largest community (Government of Newfoundland
Crown Corporation Business Plans Trade Centre Limited Contents Message from the CEO and the Chair... 5 Mandate... 7 Alignment with Government s Priorities... 7 Core Responsibilities... 9 Budget Context...
THE UNIVERSITY OF 2014 PNG UPDATE The University of Papua New Guinea & the Australian National University presents the 2014 PNG Update at the University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby. JUNE 13, 2014
The Seychelles Sustainable Tourism Label (SSTL) Presented by Michele Martin Sustainability for Seychelles In partnership with the Tourism Department The beauty of the natural environment and the way of
In your hands Knowing what you consume to decide how you consume Environmentally conscious, sustainable tourism alternatives in the Mediterranean Tourism in the Mediterranean The Mediterranean region is
UNLOCKING THE BRIGHTON MAINLINE The highly successful Coast to Capital region, which runs from South London to Brighton and across the coast to Chichester, needs significant long-term rail investment to
Tourism New Zealand Statement of Performance Expectations 2015/2016 Presented to the House of Representatives Pursuant to Section 149 of the Crown Entities Act 2004 1 2 Contents Purpose of this document...5
Lanzarote can strengthen its economic system while checking the growth of tourism A new development model that leaves no room for excessive tourist or property pressures is a viable option The report A
BEFORE THE QUEENSTOWN LAKES DISTRICT COUNCIL HEARINGS PANEL UNDER the Resource Management Act 1991 IN THE MATTER of the review of parts of the Queenstown Lakes District Council s District Plan under the
London City Airport London City Airport: Background London City Airport (LCY) is the only airport so close to the centre of London. It is also London s fastest growing airport, having grown twice as fast
COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM DEVELOPMENT (A Case Study of Sikkim) SUMMARY BY RINZING LAMA UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF PROFESSOR MANJULA CHAUDHARY DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM AND HOTEL MANAGEMENT KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY,
The Economic Impact of Travel in Kansas Tourism Satellite Account Calendar Year 2013 Who we are Tourism Economics Union of industry expertise and economic disciplines Real world insights based on quantitative
CSR Asia Summit 2012 - Beijing, China Sponsorship Package Business Solutions for Global Challenges Letter from the Chair Greetings The CSR Asia Summit 2012 is being held in Beijing, and is a unique opportunity
Minister Yoshino s Keynote Speech at the Luncheon Plenary of the U.S.-Japan Council Annual Conference Reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake (November 13, 2017, Washington DC) Ladies and gentlemen,
FLAG Factsheet: Ría de Vigo A Guarda Grupo de Acción Local del Sector Pesquero Ría de Vigo A Guarda Country: Spain Region: Galicia Area: Ría de Vigo A Guarda Code: ES201 Operational: 2007-2013 and 2014-2020
MINISTRSTVO ZA GOSPODARSTVO REPUBLIKA SLOVENIJA THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA TOURISM GOVERNANCE IN SLOVENIA Marjan Hribar, MSc. Director General of Tourism Directorate Ministry of the Economy Chairman of the
THE CARICOM REGIONAL IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Presented at the First Regional Workshop on Ensemble Climate Modeling August 20-29, 2012 University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica By Joseph McGann, Programme
State Park Visitor Survey Methods, Findings and Conclusions State s Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management surveyed state park visitor and trip characteristics, and collected evaluations
Recommendations on Consultation and Transparency Background The goal of the Aviation Strategy is to strengthen the competitiveness and sustainability of the entire EU air transport value network. Tackling
Center for Sustainable Tourism Division of Research and Graduate Studies East Carolina University What seems to be driving sustainable actions in tourism? Rising energy costs Increasing regulatory pressures
CITY OF VAUGHAN EXTRACT FROM COUNCIL MEETING MINUTES OF OCTOBER 30, 2012 Item 36, Report No. 39, of the Committee of the Whole, which was adopted without amendment by the Council of the City of Vaughan
The Great West Way Destination Plymouth Conference 14 November 2017 Our Ambition To create one of the world s premier touring routes between London and Bristol Route assets English Icons along the route,
134 AC_BEU_CCMP_3_TM5_8_FD.indd 134 20/07/12 12:30 PM 05 CITY RAIL LINK New Public Transport Stations and Development Opportunities at Karangahape Road, Newton and Aotea Quarter 5 MO VE 0 1 2 8 KEY 1 Britomart
Contents November 2017 traffic highlights Operating statistics table Recent market announcements and media releases 13 December 2017 November 2017 highlights Group traffic summary 2017 2016 %* 2018 2017
WEBJETAGM Managing Director Update 22 November 2017 Page 1 DIGITAL TRAVEL BUSINESS spanning both consumer markets (through B2C) and global wholesale markets (through B2B) WHO IS WEBJET? B2C TRAVEL Leading
Aviation Data and Analysis Seminar 20-23 February 2017 Economics of Airports and Air Navigation Services Providers 250 7000 6000 200 5000 150 4000 Growth of air transport World recession SARS Freight Tonne
Stakeholder Perspectives on the Potential for Community-based Ecotourism Development and Support for the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in Botswana Naomi Moswete, University of Botswana Brijesh Thapa, University