LAST OF THE Dreadnoughts

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LAST OF THE Dreadnoughts"

Transcription

1 LAST OF THE Dreadnoughts USS TEXAS (BB-35) ~ nns Hull #147 ~ INTRODUCTION ~ The term dreadnought symbolized early twentieth century battleships which featured an 'all-big-gun' armament scheme and dreaded nothing. Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS) constructed two battleships of this type. The first was one of the earliest dreadnoughts; the DELAWARE (BB-28); NNS Hull #86; delivered in The other was the TEXAS (BB-35); NNS Hull #147; shown above on her high speed trial run off the coast of Maine before delivery in The latter of these two dreadnoughts became the most famous of all the fourteen battleships built at Newport News. Now a memorial ship berthed at the San Jacinto Battleground in her namesake state, TEXAS is the last surviving U.S. Navy battleship that fought in both world wars. When BB-35 was commissioned, she was hailed as the most powerful naval weapon in the world. Even today, her century-old design is impressive, albeit modernized several times over the span of her 32 years of active duty service.

2 ~ THE ORIGINAL DESIGN ~ Congress authorized the construction of two battleships in June They were to be the first U.S. Navy battleships to be fitted with 14-inch guns. Their design was dominated by the concept of providing a potent broadside of firepower. Ten 14-inch naval rifles were fitted in five turrets; all positioned on the vessel s centerline and capable of firing to either side with unusually clear fields of fire for warships of that era. Each of her ten 14- inch guns could hurl a 3/4-quarter-ton shell twelve-plus miles. As designed, BB-35 measured 565 feet long, with a beam of almost 95 feet. Before the contract for her construction was issued, a major change to the ship's design was implemented. Because of a concern with the fuel efficiency and reliability of early 20 th century steam turbines, triple expansion reciprocating engines were substituted for the steam turbines originally specified for the ship s main propulsion. This change included a reduction in the number of main propulsion engines and propellers from four to two. These were the largest reciprocating engines ever installed in an American warship. Because of the relatively low steam pressure (295 psig) which her boilers produced, each engine s dual low pressure cylinders measured almost seven feet in diameter. The pistons travel (stroke) was four feet. To generate the 30,000 SHP needed to meet her designated speed of 21 knots; fourteen coal-fired boilers were required. At a design displacement of 27,000 tons, this multiple boiler installation resulted in BB-35 and her sister ship becoming the largest coal-fired vessels in the fleet. In addition to her main battery of 14-inch guns, TEXAS was originally designed and built to accommodate a secondary armament of twenty-one 5-inch guns; housed in casemates integral with her hull. She also had four 21-inch torpedo tubes that fired underwater from compartments near her bow. Storage space was also provided for a dozen torpedoes. Her initial complement numbered 1,072 officers and enlisted men. TEXAS not only introduced the concept of all-electric galleys to the fleet, she also was the first U.S. Navy battlewagon to have a laundry installed. 2

3 ~ CONSTRUCTION ~ NNS bid of $5,830,000 (excluding armor and armament) was the lowest offer tendered to the Navy to build BB-35. The total cost to the Navy for a fully equipped ship was roughly double that amount, when all the government-furnished items, such as her armament were included. A construction contract was signed on December 17, 1910 and the Navy s plans were delivered to the Newport News shipyard just seven days later. Assigned NNS Hull #147, the keel for BB-35 was laid in mid-april, 1911, on one of the yard s sliding shipways. Her all-riveted construction progressed rapidly, and by late spring of the next year she was being prepared for launching. The following image clearly shows her starboard side underwater torpedo tube hull openings, ram-like bow and wooden sheathing on her mid-body where armor plating furnished by the government was fitted after she became waterborne. TEXAS was christened on May 18, 1912 by Miss Claudia Lyon, daughter of the Republican national committeeman from Texas. Towed to the yard s south side following launching, it was over a year before the battleship was ready for her sea trials. The Navy s acceptance trials took place off the coast of Maine in late October, 1913, where she ran the Navy s measured mile course. There TEXAS made her highest speed ever; knots, which was 6% above the contractually-specified minimum. Returning to the Newport News shipyard for finishing touches, she was delivered to the Navy and commissioned on March 12,

4 ~ THIRTY-TWO YEARS OF NAVAL SERVICE ~ NOTE: The detailed service record of the USS TEXAS (BB-35) is lengthy. What follows is a brief synopsis of the highlights of her thirty-two years of active duty. For more information, see: In May of 1914, trouble in the Western Hemisphere kept the nation s newest battleship from making a normal shakedown cruise. Instead, TEXAS was immediately assigned to the Atlantic Special Service Squadron and steamed to Vera Cruz to support an American temporary occupation of that Mexican city. Regular operations with the Atlantic Fleet began in mid-year and continued until January In May of 1915, she participated in the rescue of 230 passengers from an ocean liner that had collided with another vessel off Nantucket Island. BB-35 was supposed to deploy to England at the beginning of World War I, but she ran aground on Block Island in September Following repairs, she crossed the Atlantic the following January to join Britain s Grand Fleet in the North Sea, where she remained until the end the war. TEXAS service with the Grand Fleet consisted of convoy escort missions and occasional forays to reinforce British warships on blockade duty in the North Sea whenever German heavy naval units threatened. However, she never fulfilled her intended purpose; to engage and defeat enemy battleships. Two days after hostilities ended on November 11, 1918, she accompanied the Grand Fleet to meet the surrendering Imperial German Fleet. Shortly thereafter, BB-35 provided an escort for President Wilson s voyage to France to attend the Paris Peace Conference. TEXAS and other American battleships departed Brest on December 14th and arrived in America on Christmas Day, In March 1919, she became the first American battleship to launch an aircraft from an improvised platform affixed to one of her gun turrets. That summer, TEXAS was reassigned to the Pacific Fleet and made the first of what eventually totaled eighteen Panama Canal passages. TEXAS rejoined the Atlantic Fleet in mid In early 1925, she entered the Norfolk Navy Yard for an extensive overhaul and major modernization. Her distinctive cage masts were replaced with tripod masts, and she received the latest in fire control equipment, plus the first antiaircraft weapons installed in any American battleship. During that same overhaul period, her torpedo tubes were removed, along with some of her casemated secondary armament. A catapult for launching aircraft was added atop her #3 main gun turret. 4

5 Thicker side armor and anti-torpedo blisters were added below the waterline, which increased her beam by approximately twelve feet. Her increased beam allowed her to barely squeeze through the Panama Canal. Internally, the changes were equally extensive. Her original fourteen coal-fired boilers were replaced with six much larger oil-fired units and her coal bunkers replaced by fuel oil tanks. One fire room was eliminated, providing space for the installation of improved combat systems. Uptakes for her new boilers were terminated in a single funnel; replacing her original pair of stacks. The result of all these modifications transformed her outward appearance. In addition, these changes resulted in an increase in displacement to 34,000 tons and a corresponding slight decrease in her top speed. That major overhaul required 25 months to complete. Afterwards, TEXAS operations alternated between the Atlantic and the Pacific. In 1931, her base of operations was shifted to California. For the next six years, she served as a fleet and division flagship during regular U.S. Fleet exercises and often participated in national celebrations. She returned to the Atlantic side of the United States in 1937 for service that would last until late in When Europe became involved in another world war in September 1939, she joined other Atlantic Squadron ships in maintaining a Neutrality Patrol. That same year, TEXAS received the first radar unit to be installed in a battleship. Her patrol duties became increasingly warlike when the U.S. Navy began convoying western Atlantic shipping half-way across the Atlantic in After the attack on Pearl Harbor, TEXAS escorted convoys to Panama, West Africa and the British Isles. A change in mission took place in late 1942, when she provided heavy gunfire support during Operation Torch; the code name for the invasion of North Africa. Embarked in the battleship at the time was a young war correspondent. On the return voyage to America, he somehow managed to talk his way into being catapulted off TEXAS in one of the ship's spotter aircraft; once Norfolk was within flying distance. By doing so, he beat a rival correspondent aboard another battleship back to the United States and filed the first uncensored story published about the Operation Torch landings. That success launched the career of Walter Cronkite. 5

6 TEXAS continued her Atlantic convoy escort duties through 1943 and until mid At dawn on June 6, 1944, she was at the Normandy beachhead, supporting the D-Day landings. While the situation was still in doubt for the allies at Omaha Beach, TEXAS steamed parallel to the rocky shore only 3,000 yards off the beach and fired her main battery at point-blank range at the enemy; her 14-inch naval rifles lowered to a nearly horizontal position. Days later, allied troops moved inland, beyond the normal range of the battleship s naval rifles. When asked if he could provide long-range fire support, the captain of BB-35 ordered the vessel s starboard side anti-torpedo void to be temporarily flooded. The resultant list allowed the ship s 14-inch guns to be trained to port and raised past their maximum design elevation point. That enabled them to fire far enough further inland to help the ground troops advance. American ingenuity at work! Later that month, she participated in a bombardment of Cherbourg, France. There she was straddled by enemy large caliber coastal artillery fire. Sixty-five near misses were recorded. During this engagement, BB-35 was struck twice. The first shell hit her fire control tower, killing one sailor and wounding thirteen others. Those were the only casualties TEXAS crew ever suffered in combat. The second shell penetrated her port bow but failed to explode. The unexploded shell was later disarmed by a Navy bomb disposal officer and is currently on display aboard the ship. Her heavy guns were again active in August, this time in the Mediterranean Sea in support of allied landings in Southern France. After returning to the United States for a much-needed overhaul, TEXAS underwent a 36-day repair period during which time the barrels on her main battery were replaced. In addition, antiaircraft weaponry was added in every conceivable position possible on her weather decks. TEXAS then headed for the Pacific, passing through the Panama Canal and reached Hawaii in time to celebrate Christmas there. From Pearl Harbor she proceeded further westward, arriving in the Western Pacific war zone in February

7 In mid-february TEXAS commenced three days of around-the-clock pounding of the enemy defenses in preparation for the allied invasion of Iwo Jima. After troops stormed ashore, BB-35 switched roles and began delivering support fire upon individual request. She remained off Iwo Jima for almost a fortnight, supporting the Marines ashore and fighting off kamikaze attacks. In early March, 1945, TEXAS began preparing for the Okinawa operation. On the 26th of that month, she began six days of pre-landing bombardment. During this time period, the invasion fleet s bombardment group was harassed by several kamikaze raids, but TEXAS escaped damage during those attacks. For almost two months, TEXAS remained in Okinawan waters providing gunfire support for the troops ashore. In late May, BB-35 moved to the Philippines where forces were gathering for a planned invasion of the Japanese homeland. Still there when the war ended in August, she spent the next three months transporting veterans home. Returning to the Atlantic coast in February 1946, TEXAS was deactivated. For a time, she was tied up at her birthplace. TEXAS remained in inactive status until April 1948, when she was towed to the San Jacinto State Park in Texas and placed out of commission. Donated to the State of Texas, she became the first of several U.S. battleships to become floating museums. 7

8 ~ MEMORIAL SHIP PRESERVATION ~ The Battleship TEXAS Commission was established by the state legislature to care for the ship. For over sixty years, various state agencies and patriotic support groups, and especially The Battleship Texas Foundation have worked tirelessly to maintain this last remaining example of early 20th Century battleship design. One area of preservation includes the vessel s vintage engine room gauges that date back to the vessel s creation. In the early years of the twentieth century, the craftsmen of Newport News Shipbuilding manufactured almost everything that went into their well-built ships. Volunteers have given freely of their time and talents for decades. Many previously served in the Navy and quite a few were BB-35 crewmembers in World War II. Thanks to their efforts, the TEXAS is well-maintained and filled with exhibits of all kinds for the education and enjoyment of the visiting public. 8

9 But there was a grim chapter in her existence as a museum ship. Over time, the funding provided by the Commission was not up to the task of adequately maintaining the ship. The result was significant deteriorion, both internally and externally. By 1968, the illmaintained wooden sheathing on her main deck of the ship had rotted. Rainwater had leaked and pooled in various compartments, causing her to settle deep in her dredged berth. The solution at the time was to remove the wooden deck and replace it with concrete. When the concrete eventually cracked, leakage through the main deck resumed. Nevertheless, the ship s unique main engines were designated as a National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 1975, and the entire ship was named a National Historic Landmark the next year. In 1983, the Texas State Legislature turned control of the ship over to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. That Department s immediately hired naval architects to recommend appropriate preservation action. The architects determined that the ship needed to be dry docked for major hull repairs, along with other preservation work. After a five-year-long fund-raising campaign, $15 million was collected. On December 13, 1988, TEXAS was pulled with great difficulty from where she had settled into the accumulated silt of her berth by a small fleet of tugs, then towed to a shipyard in Galveston, Texas. There she underwent a 14-month refit to restore the ship to her 1945 condition, including replacing her main deck s wooden sheathing. In 1990 the ship returned to her berth at the San Jacinto Battlefield where repairs were completed and vintage anitaircraft guns were installed. TEXAS was reopened to the public on September, ; painted in the Measure 21 Blue Camouflage color scheme utilized during her last year of service in World War II. Still leaking in places, growing concern about her almost century-old hull s ability to resist serious flooding prompted a marine survey in The survey results indicated that her keel and main supporting internal structures were still sufficiently strong enough to support the weight of the ship in a proposed unique dry berth that would preclude the real risk of sinking, if moving her again for drydocking were attempted. 9

10 Plans are underway to permanently cradle the ship in a huge dry berth to be constructed at her current location. A state bond issue has been approved, and additional funding has been privately raised to make this plan a reality. Preliminary design work and a federally mandated environmental assessment, which is expected to take two years, are now underway. Actual construction of that multi-million dollar dry berth project is expected to commence in mid-2014, when the battleship TEXAS will mark it s centennial. Completion of the facility is contemplated by the summer of If all goes well, TEXAS will then become the first vessel of her size to be permanently dry-docked; thus insuring many more years of service as a museum ship. ~ OTHER NNS-BUILT SHIPS NAMED TEXAS ~ In addition to BB-35, three other vessels constructed at Newport News Shipbuilding have carried the proud name of the Lone Star State. A tanker of modest size named TEXAS (NNS Hull #82) was the first; completed in A nuclear-powered, guided missile cruiser, TEXAS (CGN-39), built as NNS Hull #606, was delivered to the Navy in She was one of the last warships to be launched from a sliding shipway at NNS. Most recently, the NNS-built, nuclear-powered submarine TEXAS (SSN-775) was commissioned on September 9, That ceremony took place in Galveston, Texas; just a few miles from the battleship s berth. Four days before the newest NNS-built warship named in honor of the state of Texas joined the fleet, a contigent of SSN- 775 crew members visited the museum ship TEXAS. In a somber ceremony held at dusk on the venerable vessel s bow, a wreath was placed in the water in remembrance of all those who sailed in harm s way and gave the ultimate sacrifice. 10

11 ~ POSTSCRIPT ~ Last of the Dreadnaughts is the last in a series of five stories about vintage vessels built by NNS in the early 20 th century that are known to be afloat and still being put to good use. There may be even more such vessels When she becomes one hundred years old in 2014, the battleship TEXAS will join four other NNS-built vessels that have attained that mark while remaining afloat and in service. Three of them, including TEXAS, still retain their original names. Hull #49 - the ferry BINGHAMTON - delivered in after 62 years of service, she became a floating restaurant in the Hudson River where she is today. Hull #84 - the tugboat BATH - delivered in still in service and currently operating in the Caribbean under her original name. Hull #114 - originally the cable ship JOSEPH HENRY, now named THALIS O. MILISSIOS - delivered in 1909, in service as a cable ship in Greece until fully restored in now serving as a floating museum near Athens. Hull #176 - originally the freighter MEDINA, now named DOULOS PHOS - delivered in 1914, converted to other purposes and escaped being scrapped four times - currently being renovated in Singapore to become a static display, celebrating her long life and service. And, as every Newport News shipbuilder knows, the Company s Hull #1, the tug DOROTHY, built 120 years ago and restored in 1976 is on permanent display in front of the company s main office building. Always good ships indeed! Bill Lee September

12 ~ A SHIPBUILDER S PILGRIMAGE ~ In 1975, while on a six months temporary assignment at Tenneco headquarters in Houston, I made my way one weekend to the nearby San Jacinto State Park. Once there, I clambered all over the TEXAS. I even found my way into one of her engine rooms which may or may not have been open to the public at that time. Dogging, but not padlocking hatches is no deterrent to a persistent shipbuilder! I regret to this day not taking a camera. Aside from being overwhelmed by the sheer size of one of the ship s main propulsion units, I noted a number of similarities with naval ship design of the 1970 s. Here s a few of photos I recently found on the Internet that represent some of what I saw in the basement. Readers who are not propulsion plant people are not expected to understand my interest and enthusiasm about such things Engine Room Gage Board Burner Face; Oil-Fired Boiler Electrical Distribution Center Engine Room Control Station 12

13 The ship s living, working and operational spaces were in better shape than her machinery spaces. I thoroughly enjoyed touring those areas. One that fascinated me was a casemate that still housed a 5-inch gun that once comprised TEXAS secondary battery. I had not seen this aspect of naval architecture before, except in photos and on drawings. I was amazed by the obvious limited arc of fire of this weapon. Before departing, I discovered that the date on her builder s plate (and also her ship s bell) is While she was essentially completed that year and underwent successful acceptance trials in October, for some unknown reason(s) her commissioning did not occur until March of the following year. I m guessing, based on personal experience that was probably due to some late physical changes the Navy insisted be incorporated, or the necessity to delay the ceremony so some now-long-forgotten VIP could attend. 13

14 14

ONE OF A KIND and ONE HUNDRED-PLUS YEARS OLD

ONE OF A KIND and ONE HUNDRED-PLUS YEARS OLD ONE OF A KIND and ONE HUNDRED-PLUS YEARS OLD Cable Layer JOSEPH HENRY - NNS Hull #114 On May 7, 1908, the Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS) entered into a contract with the U.S. War Department to build a

More information

USS AVC-1. Unnamed ~ Unpowered ~ Underutilized

USS AVC-1. Unnamed ~ Unpowered ~ Underutilized USS AVC-1 Unnamed ~ Unpowered ~ Underutilized In the late 1930s, the US Navy was engaged in the development of flying boats for long range patrol and bombing purposes. However, the amount of fuel and bomb

More information

John Thomas DeVaney. U.S. Navy WWII & Korean War USS Nevada Pearl Harbor. extremely noteworthy and John DeVaney was part of that history.

John Thomas DeVaney. U.S. Navy WWII & Korean War USS Nevada Pearl Harbor. extremely noteworthy and John DeVaney was part of that history. 1 extremely noteworthy and John DeVaney was part of that history. Background USS Nevada USS Nevada (BB-36), the second United States Navy ship to be named after the 36th state, was the lead ship of the

More information

RECYCLED BATTLESHIPS

RECYCLED BATTLESHIPS RECYCLED BATTLESHIPS Recalling the Multiple Careers of a Trio of NNS-Built BB s Between 1900 and 1942, the Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company (NNS) produced fourteen battleships for the United

More information

3.2.5: Japanese American Relations U.S. Entry into WWII. War in the Pacific

3.2.5: Japanese American Relations U.S. Entry into WWII. War in the Pacific 3.2.5: Japanese American Relations 1937-1942 U.S. Entry into WWII War in the Pacific 1920s 1930s Review USA Wilson s 14 Points...League of Nations Isolationism Economic Depression FDR Japan Emerging world

More information

USS VESTAL (AR-4)...

USS VESTAL (AR-4)... USS VESTAL (AR-4)......and Cassin Young Synopsis: When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on Sunday, December 7, 1941, the repair ship VESTAL was tied up to the ill-fated USS ARIZONA (BB-39). The VESTAL

More information

International Journal of Naval History December 2005 Volume 4 Number 3

International Journal of Naval History December 2005 Volume 4 Number 3 A Global Forum for Naval Historical Scholarship International Journal of Naval History December 2005 Volume 4 Number 3 William Thomas Generous, Sweet Pea at War: A History of USS Portland (CA-33) University

More information

USS Colorado (SSN 788) Commissioning Committee. Presentation to Pueblo City Council March 28, 2016 John J. Mackin, CAPT USN (Ret.

USS Colorado (SSN 788) Commissioning Committee. Presentation to Pueblo City Council March 28, 2016 John J. Mackin, CAPT USN (Ret. USS Colorado (SSN 788) Commissioning Committee Presentation to Pueblo City Council March 28, 2016 John J. Mackin, CAPT USN (Ret.) Chairman USS Colorado (SSN 788) On June 25, 2012 Secretary of the Navy

More information

4 Picture of USS BREMERTON (SSN698) ( 5 ) USS BREMERTON (SSN698 ) Commissioning Program

4 Picture of USS BREMERTON (SSN698) ( 5 ) USS BREMERTON (SSN698 ) Commissioning Program DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS BREMERTON (SSN 698) FPO SAN FRANCISCO 96661 SSN698:KAJ:hs 5750 Ser* 073 4 March 1982 From: Commanding Officer, USS BREMERTON (~~~698) To: Director of Naval History (OP-09~~)

More information

Command Ship. USS WRIGHT (CC-2)

Command Ship. USS WRIGHT (CC-2) ' Command Ship. USS WRIGHT (CC-2) GUIDE.............. 11 NAVY...... 12 A Word Fron1 The fjaptain As commanding officer of USS WRIGHT (CC-2), I welcome you aboard the ship. While aboard WRIGHT, I hope your

More information

COMMANDING OFFICER USS CHICAGO (SSN-72 1 FLEET POST OFFICE SAN FRANCISCO

COMMANDING OFFICER USS CHICAGO (SSN-72 1 FLEET POST OFFICE SAN FRANCISCO COMMANDING OFFICER USS CHICAGO (SSN-72 1 FLEET POST OFFICE SAN FRANCISCO 96662-240 1 5750 Ser ~ ~~721/5/ ;tanras 1992 From: Commanding Officer, USS CHICAGO (SSN 721) To : Director of Naval History (OP-09BH),

More information

Type: Built: Specs: Sunk: Depth: 260 ft

Type: Built: Specs: Sunk: Depth: 260 ft Type: shipwreck, destroyer, Benson class, U.S. Navy ( similar to USS Turner ) Built: 1941, Staten Island NY USA Specs: ( 348 x 36 ft ) 1620 displacement tons, 266 crew Sunk: Thursday October 21, 1943 cut

More information

IPMS Toronto Presents:

IPMS Toronto Presents: IPMS Toronto Presents: November Special Guest Speaker Mr. Nori Harry Yoshida Veteran WW2 Japanese Imperial Navy Heavy Cruiser MAYA November 1, 2010 7pm, 2901 Bayview Avenue (Loblaws Community Room) Heavy

More information

NASHVILLE (USN Gunboat #7)

NASHVILLE (USN Gunboat #7) NASHVILLE (USN Gunboat #7) A Noteworthy NNS-Built Naval Vessel The gunboat NASHVILLE was the first naval vessel built by Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS). She was also the first, albeit the only vessel

More information

World-Class. World-Wide.

World-Class. World-Wide. World-Class. World-Wide. FINCANTIERI MARINETTE MARINE FINCANTIERI BAY SHIPBUILDING FINCANTIERI ACE MARINE Complete Marine Solutions. Complete Marine Solutions. Complete Marine Solutions. Complete Marine

More information

A Frigate vs A Ship-of-the-Line: What s the difference?

A Frigate vs A Ship-of-the-Line: What s the difference? U.S. Navy Ships-of-the-line A Frigate vs A Ship-of-the-Line: What s the difference? FRIGATE: A vessel of war which is: 1) ship rigged, i.e. with at least three masts (fore, main, & mizzen) & each mast

More information

Subj: SUBMISSION OF BASIC HISTORICAL NARRATIVE FOR CALENDAR YEAR 1997

Subj: SUBMISSION OF BASIC HISTORICAL NARRATIVE FOR CALENDAR YEAR 1997 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS HONOLULU (SSN-718) FPO AP 96667-2398 Ser SS~718/124 6 Mar 98 From: Commanding Officer, USS HONOLULU (SSN 718) To : Director of Naval History (NOgBH), Washington Navy Yard, 901

More information

Us navy decommissioned ships for sale

Us navy decommissioned ships for sale Us navy decommissioned ships for sale The Borg System is 10 Us navy decommissioned ships for sale These 6ï ½Fast Patrol Boats were in service for the Italian Navy, made in 1990. The displacement at full

More information

The Battle for Louisbourg- 1758

The Battle for Louisbourg- 1758 The Battle for Louisbourg- 1758 Situated on Cape Breton Island, the fortress town of Louisbourg was held by the French. It was an important location because it controlled the entrance to the St. Lawrence

More information

Unused Newport News Shipbuilding Hull Numbers

Unused Newport News Shipbuilding Hull Numbers Unused Newport News Shipbuilding Hull Numbers Assigned but never reflected by completed ships by Bill Lee ~ Introduction ~ Most contemporary listings of hull numbers for vessels built by the Newport News

More information

CARRIER STRIKE GROUPS

CARRIER STRIKE GROUPS CARRIER STRIKE GROUPS A carrier strike group (CSG) can be tasked to accomplish a variety of wartime missions, as well as missions other than war. During peacetime operations, a CSG typically conducts forward-presence

More information

Totem Games Ironclads: Anglo-Russian War Game Manual v.1

Totem Games Ironclads: Anglo-Russian War Game Manual v.1 System Requirements: Before installation, verify that your computer meets the minimal system requirements. Close all other programs prior to installing. You must have DirectX 9.0c installed. After installation

More information

Number 162. Underwater bow thruster replacement in harsh conditions Fast underwater hull repairs save time and money for ship owners..

Number 162. Underwater bow thruster replacement in harsh conditions Fast underwater hull repairs save time and money for ship owners.. Number 162 Underwater bow thruster replacement in harsh conditions......... 4-7 Fast underwater hull repairs save time and money for ship owners.. 9-11 Class Accepted underwater stern tube seal repairs

More information

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS MARYLAND (SSBN 738) FPO AA Ser NAV/ Mar 94 From: Commanding Officer, USS MARYLAND (SSBN 738) (GOLD) To

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS MARYLAND (SSBN 738) FPO AA Ser NAV/ Mar 94 From: Commanding Officer, USS MARYLAND (SSBN 738) (GOLD) To DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS MARYLAND (SSBN 738) FPO AA -2-2129 5757 Ser NAV/112 25 Mar 94 From: Commanding Officer, USS MARYLAND (SSBN 738) (GOLD) To : Director of Naval History (OP-09BH), Washington Navy

More information

History of the USS DeHaven (DD-469)

History of the USS DeHaven (DD-469) History of the USS DeHaven (DD-469) From Ships Data Section, Public Information Division, Office of Public Relations, Navy Department. It is the fortune of some ships to fight valiantly and victoriously

More information

Major Battles During WWII Events that Changed the Course of the War

Major Battles During WWII Events that Changed the Course of the War The Battle of Britain Major Battles During WWII Events that Changed the Course of the War With all of Europe under its control, as the last hold out The English Channel is only at the most narrow point

More information

World War II in Japan:

World War II in Japan: World War II in Japan: 1939-1945 The Japanese Empire Japan wanted to expand to obtain more raw materials and markets for its industries/population 1931: Japan seized Manchuria 1937-40: Japan seized most

More information

Japanese Potentially Polluting Wrecks in the Pacific Ocean

Japanese Potentially Polluting Wrecks in the Pacific Ocean Japanese Potentially Polluting Wrecks in the Pacific Ocean By Ryo Sato 1. Executive Summary This paper assesses the location and potential dangers of contaminant associated with Japanese sunken ships and

More information

Strombus Whale factory

Strombus Whale factory Strombus Whale factory Owner: A/S Sevilla (controlled by Chr. Salvesen & Co., Gr. Britain). Manager: Onésimus Andersen, Tønsberg Tonnage: 6549 gt, 3917 net Signal Letters: LCPN Built by Armstrong Whitworth

More information

GRAF ZEPPELIN GERMANY S ALMOST AIRCRAFT CARRIER (Flugzeugträger #1)

GRAF ZEPPELIN GERMANY S ALMOST AIRCRAFT CARRIER (Flugzeugträger #1) GRAF ZEPPELIN GERMANY S ALMOST AIRCRAFT CARRIER (Flugzeugträger #1) ~ Foreword ~ Almost forgotten today is the saga of Germany s abortive attempt in the 1930 s and 40 s to build aircraft carriers. Only

More information

Subject of the book: The book consists of:

Subject of the book: The book consists of: Subject of the book: Title: Expedition to the Golden Horn. Military Operations in the Dardanelles and on the Aegean Sea (August 1914 March 1915), Wydawnictwo Arkadiusz Wingert, Krakow 2008; 373 pages including:

More information

26 HOUSTON HISTORY Vol.12 No.1

26 HOUSTON HISTORY Vol.12 No.1 26 HOUSTON HISTORY Vol.12 No.1 Working the Houston Ship Channel: Tote that barge! Lift that bale! By Debbie Z. Harwell As Houston marks the centennial of its deep-water channel, the contributions of many

More information

Honoring the value, accomplishments and contributions of U.S. Navy aircraft carriers, and the men and women who serve aboard them.

Honoring the value, accomplishments and contributions of U.S. Navy aircraft carriers, and the men and women who serve aboard them. Honoring the value, accomplishments and contributions of U.S. Navy aircraft carriers, and the men and women who serve aboard them. U.S. NAVY AIRCRAFT CARRIERS U.S. Navy aircraft carriers are floating,

More information

Ser 728~ (495)/036. c. c. HA~ES Acting. Copy to: GOLD CREW CINCPACFLT PA0 COMSUBPAC PA0 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY

Ser 728~ (495)/036. c. c. HA~ES Acting. Copy to: GOLD CREW CINCPACFLT PA0 COMSUBPAC PA0 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY I DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS FLORIDA (SSBN 728) FLEET POST OFFICE Ser 728~ (495)/036 From : Commanding Officer, USS FLORIDA (SSBN 728 ) (BLUE) To : Director, Naval Historical Center, Washington Navy Yard,

More information

MEASUREMENT OF NAVY AND COAST GUARD VESSELS

MEASUREMENT OF NAVY AND COAST GUARD VESSELS MEASUREMENT OF NAVY AND COAST GUARD VESSELS TONNAGE GUIDE 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. PURPOSE...3 2. REFERENCES...3 3. APPLICABILITY...3 4. U.S. TONNAGE MEASUREMENT...3 (a) MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS...3 (b) APPLICABILITY...4

More information

USS NASHVILLE CLPD-13) NLTrOIITOmCE NEW YORK. NEW YORK 09501

USS NASHVILLE CLPD-13) NLTrOIITOmCE NEW YORK. NEW YORK 09501 USS NASHVILLE CLPD-13) NLTrOIITOmCE NEW YORK. NEW YORK 09501 LPD13:lB:krg 5750 Ser: 5)-80 29 February 1980 From: To: Commanding Officer, USS NASHVILLE (LPD-13) Chief of Naval Operations, Director of Naval

More information

P.O. Box 4674, Honolulu, HI

P.O. Box 4674, Honolulu, HI P.O. Box 4674, Honolulu, HI 96812 www.fricndsoffallsofclyde.org July 28, 2016 Darrell T. Young, Deputy Director Department of Transportation, Harbors Division 79 So. Nimitz Highway Honolulu, HI 96813 Re:

More information

Old warships for sale

Old warships for sale P ford residence southampton, ny Old warships for sale View new or used boats for sale from across the US, Europe and Rest of World on YachtWorld. Offering the best selection of Us Navy models to choose

More information

The Alamo. The Alamo. ground and the Shrine of Texas Liberty. heroic struggle against impossible odds a place

The Alamo. The Alamo. ground and the Shrine of Texas Liberty. heroic struggle against impossible odds a place The Alamo The Alamo originally served as a home to missionaries for nearly seventy years. Construction began on the present site in 1724. The Alamo is famously known as the scene of a pivotal battle in

More information

This game was with our newest player and his brand new Halo fleet from Spartan Games. His models are based with the stands Spartan made for their

This game was with our newest player and his brand new Halo fleet from Spartan Games. His models are based with the stands Spartan made for their This game was with our newest player and his brand new Halo fleet from Spartan Games. His models are based with the stands Spartan made for their space combat rules and were a bit cumbersome for FT but

More information

The Battle of Quebec: 1759

The Battle of Quebec: 1759 The Battle of Quebec: 1759 In the spring of 1759, the inhabitants of Quebec watched the river with worried eyes. They waited anxiously to see whether the ships of the French, or those of the British fleet,

More information

DAILY COLLECTION OF MARITIME PRESS CLIPPINGS SPECIAL REPORT *** COLLECTION OF MARITIME PRESS CLIPPINGS *** SPECIAL REPORT. Text / Photo s : Piet Sinke

DAILY COLLECTION OF MARITIME PRESS CLIPPINGS SPECIAL REPORT *** COLLECTION OF MARITIME PRESS CLIPPINGS *** SPECIAL REPORT. Text / Photo s : Piet Sinke SPECIAL REPORT *** COLLECTION OF MARITIME PRESS CLIPPINGS *** SPECIAL REPORT Text / Photo s : Piet Sinke 220 TBP AHT JANUS Last weekend as reported in the shippingnewsclippings the latest addition to the

More information

German Navy. Frigate LÜBECK.

German Navy. Frigate LÜBECK. German Navy www.marine.de FRIGATE LÜBECK The The advanced guided-missile frigate LÜBECK was commissioned on 19 March 1990 the last of a total of eight BREMEN class frigates. Together with her sister ships,

More information

5750 Ser DDG 83-00/106 1 May 02. From: Commanding Officer, USS HOWARD (DDG 83) To : Director, Naval Historical Center

5750 Ser DDG 83-00/106 1 May 02. From: Commanding Officer, USS HOWARD (DDG 83) To : Director, Naval Historical Center DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY COMMANDING OFFICER USS HOWARD (DDG 83) FPO AP 96667-1274 From: Commanding Officer, USS HOWARD (DDG 83) To : Director, Naval Historical Center Subj: 2001 USS HOWARD (DDG 83) COMMAND

More information

BRITISH HEAVY CRUISERS

BRITISH HEAVY CRUISERS BRITISH HEAVY CRUISERS 1939 45 ANGUS KONSTAM ILLUSTRATED BY PAUL WRIGHT NEW VANGUARD 190 BRITISH HEAVY CRUISERS 1939 45 ANGUS KONSTAM ILLUSTRATED BY PAUL WRIGHT CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 04 DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

More information

Lost Submarines - July

Lost Submarines - July Lost Submarines - July USS S-28, lost 3 July 1944: The keel of USS S-28 (SS-133), which would see action in World War II, was laid down in April of 1919, just months after the end of the first Great War.

More information

MARITIME AND PORT AUTHORITY OF SINGAPORE SHIPPING CIRCULAR NO. 3 OF 2014

MARITIME AND PORT AUTHORITY OF SINGAPORE SHIPPING CIRCULAR NO. 3 OF 2014 MARITIME AND PORT AUTHORITY OF SINGAPORE SHIPPING CIRCULAR NO. 3 OF 2014 MPA Shipping Division 460 Alexandra Road 21 st Storey PSA Building Singapore 119963 Fax: 63756231 http://www.mpa.gov.sg 21 January

More information

Queen Mary Hotel Longbeach California

Queen Mary Hotel Longbeach California Queen Mary Hotel Longbeach California The Queen Mary was a cruise ship built in 1930 by the Cunard/White Star Line and Builder John Brown Limited. It was known as job number 534 and because of the Great

More information

Lighthouses Hot Chocolate & You 2010

Lighthouses Hot Chocolate & You 2010 New England Lighthouse Lovers NELL Lighthouses Hot Chocolate & You 2010 This year the State of Connecticut, the state most NELL members call home, was our host for LHHC&Y. Members started arriving at the

More information

FOR SALE m (154'2"ft) Perini Navi Andromeda La Dea

FOR SALE m (154'2ft) Perini Navi Andromeda La Dea Andromeda La Dea 47.00m (154'2"ft) Perini Navi 1990 Andromeda La Dea The timeless 154-foot Perini Navi Andromeda La Dea is a magic blend of classic hull lines and traditional yachting ambiance, with modern

More information

The Alliance System. Pre-WWI. During WWI ENTENTE ALLIANCE. Russia Serbia France. Austria-Hungary Germany. US Canada. Italy CENTRAL POWERS

The Alliance System. Pre-WWI. During WWI ENTENTE ALLIANCE. Russia Serbia France. Austria-Hungary Germany. US Canada. Italy CENTRAL POWERS WWI: The Great War? The Start of the War WWI started with the advance of the Germans into Belgium. The alliance system kicked into full steam. Confident that the Schlieffen Plan would lead to a quick takeover

More information

ARCHIVED REPORT. T-AO-187 Kaiser Class - Archived 7/99

ARCHIVED REPORT. T-AO-187 Kaiser Class - Archived 7/99 Warships Forecast ARCHIVED REPORT For data and forecasts on current programs please visit www.forecastinternational.com or call +1 203.426.0800 T-AO-187 Kaiser Class - Archived 7/99 Outlook 20 Year Unit

More information

On this day in the Canadian Navy! MAY

On this day in the Canadian Navy! MAY On this day in the Canadian Navy! MAY In May 1914 The establishment of a Naval Volunteer Force by Order-in- Council. Three subdivisions are ordered with a total strength of 1,200 men. Annual cost estimated

More information

WWII The War in the Pacific

WWII The War in the Pacific WWII The War in the Pacific Japan controls the Pacific Japan attacks various Pacific locations late 1941 Japan controlled Hong Kong, Thailand, Guam, Wake, Burma, Malaya Japan attacks Philippines pushes

More information

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE GALVESTON WHARVES Tariff Circular No. 6

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE GALVESTON WHARVES Tariff Circular No. 6 15 th Revised Page 25 ISSUED: NOVEMBER 27, 2017 EFFECTIVE: JANUARY 1, 2018 DOCKAGE (I) (C)(GS) 410 Except as otherwise provided herein, or as otherwise specified in Leases, Operating and Berthing Agreements

More information

SEPTEMBER 1976 NUMBER 157

SEPTEMBER 1976 NUMBER 157 SEPTEMBER 1976 NUMBER 157 BP's Wellington Fleet By Anne Donald Our cover picture shows the BP tug "Taioma"-probably unique as the only operational unit owned by BPNZ to have seen active service in the

More information

ALMARE DE VRIES. LOA: 60' 9" (18.50m) Builder: DE VRIES. Beam: 16' 9" (5.10m) Year Built: Max Draft: 5' 2" (1.55m) Model: Motor Yacht

ALMARE DE VRIES. LOA: 60' 9 (18.50m) Builder: DE VRIES. Beam: 16' 9 (5.10m) Year Built: Max Draft: 5' 2 (1.55m) Model: Motor Yacht ALMARE DE VRIES Builder: DE VRIES Year Built: 1973 Model: Motor Yacht Price: 300 000 EUR Off the market Location: France LOA: 60' 9" (18.50m) Beam: 16' 9" (5.10m) Max Draft: 5' 2" (1.55m) Cruise Speed:

More information

UNFORGETTABLE EVENTS BEGIN HERE at the USS Hornet Sea, Air & Space Museum

UNFORGETTABLE EVENTS BEGIN HERE at the USS Hornet Sea, Air & Space Museum UNFORGETTABLE EVENTS BEGIN HERE at the USS Hornet Sea, Air & Space Museum Concert on the Flight Deck with pyrotechnic effects USS Hornet: Northern California s Ultimate Events Venue! Hold your next event

More information

2. Name and birth date of the veteran or civilian being interviewed at is appears on the Biographical Data Form:

2. Name and birth date of the veteran or civilian being interviewed at is appears on the Biographical Data Form: 1. Name and address of collector of interviewer. Name of Donor/Interviewer: Kathleen Ricker Address: Campbell Hall for Public Telecommunication, 300 N. Goodwin City: Urbana State: Illinois Zip: 61801 Telephone:

More information

A New Kind of War. Chapter 11 Section 2

A New Kind of War. Chapter 11 Section 2 A New Kind of War Chapter 11 Section 2 Introduction Great War was the largest conflict in history up to that time Millions of French, British, Russian, and German soldiers mobilized for battle German forces

More information

Location. waterfront property. Peninsula. ! Short ferry ferry ride ride (30 (30 minute passenger ferry, ferry, minute vehicle) from from Seattle

Location. waterfront property. Peninsula. ! Short ferry ferry ride ride (30 (30 minute passenger ferry, ferry, minute vehicle) from from Seattle 16 August, 2005 ! Surrounded! by by the the city city of of Bremerton on on 460 460 acres acres of of waterfront property! Located! on on the the Olympic Peninsula! Short! Short ferry ferry ride ride (30

More information

A New Era. in Offshore Aviation. a SEACOR company

A New Era. in Offshore Aviation. a SEACOR company A New Era in Offshore Aviation a SEACOR company A N E W E R A I N O F F S H O R E AV I AT I O N The world s first functional helicopter took to the air in 1939. Sikorsky s open cockpit helicopter, powered

More information

December 2012 Update. I-95 New Haven Harbor Crossing. Corridor Improvement Program

December 2012 Update. I-95 New Haven Harbor Crossing. Corridor Improvement Program December 2012 Update I-95 New Haven Harbor Crossing Corridor Improvement Program Prepared by: Connecticut Department of Transportation District 3A 424 Chapel Street New Haven, CT 06511 Prepared for: South

More information

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY. 25 Jan 00

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY. 25 Jan 00 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS RAVEN (MHC 61) FPO AA unas - I oan.. -. -. -.---. "WW {N REPLY REFER TO: 5757 Ser MHC61/0013 25 Jan 00 From: Commanding Officer, USS RAVEN (MHC-61) To: Director of Naval History

More information

COMMANDING TASK FORCES AND SHIPS 13 Flagbridge Station 13 Map Panel 14 Flagbridge Control Bar 18 Ship Bridge Station 28

COMMANDING TASK FORCES AND SHIPS 13 Flagbridge Station 13 Map Panel 14 Flagbridge Control Bar 18 Ship Bridge Station 28 INTRODUCTION 1 PLAYERS GUIDE 1 Selecting Game Options 1 Game Options Menu 2 SCENARIOS 3 COMMON DISPLAY FEATURES 4 Status Bar 4 Message Bar 4 Buttons, Panels, Screens and Windows 4 Using the Mouse 5 MENU

More information

USS Gallipoli. Class With the terrible losses of the Dominion War it was decided that a dedicated marine transport was needed.

USS Gallipoli. Class With the terrible losses of the Dominion War it was decided that a dedicated marine transport was needed. USS Gallipoli Class With the terrible losses of the Dominion War it was decided that a dedicated marine transport was needed. Traditionally marines have been transported by fleet starships or converted

More information

F. R. DONOVAN USS NASHVILLE (LPD-13) FLEET POST OFFICE NEW YORK, NEW YORK LPD 13: 16:adp 5750 Ser June 1982

F. R. DONOVAN USS NASHVILLE (LPD-13) FLEET POST OFFICE NEW YORK, NEW YORK LPD 13: 16:adp 5750 Ser June 1982 USS NASHVILLE (LPD-13) FLEET POST OFFICE NEW YORK, NEW YORK 09579 LPD 13: 16:adp 5750 Ser 181 4 June 1982 From: To: Commanding Officer, USS NASHVILLE (LPD-13) Chief of Naval Operations, Director of Naval

More information

Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and

Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Classical Civilizations: Mediterranean Basin 2 WH011 Activity Introduction Hey there, it s (Jack). Today we re talkin about two Greek city-states: Athens and Sparta. To help out with this, I ve got some

More information

Charleston South Carolina First in Submarines first target sunk Housatonic, WWII Swamp Fox and USSVI Chapters

Charleston South Carolina First in Submarines first target sunk Housatonic, WWII Swamp Fox and USSVI Chapters Charleston South Carolina First in Submarines first target sunk Housatonic, 1864 WWII Swamp Fox and USSVI Chapters "DEDICATED TO OUR SHIPMATES WHO SACRIFICED THEIR LIVES IN THE U.S. SUBMARINES DURING WORLD

More information

Coast Country Memories of Camp Wallace 2003 Alecya Gallaway

Coast Country Memories of Camp Wallace 2003 Alecya Gallaway Coast Country Memories of Camp Wallace 2003 Alecya Gallaway National Archives On December 29, 1944, The Square knot a weekly newspaper for Camp Wallace reviewed eight months of Navy Wallace and in closing

More information

Day 25 Panama Canal Transit 3/26/2012

Day 25 Panama Canal Transit 3/26/2012 Day 25 Panama Canal Transit 3/26/2012 For the second time, we woke up early but not as early as last time we were scheduled to enter the Miraflores Lock at 6:30 am. We wanted to watch the approach and

More information

Carver 450 Voyager Pilothouse

Carver 450 Voyager Pilothouse Carver 450 Voyager Pilothouse Make: Model: Length: Carver 450 Voyager Pilothouse 45 ft Price: $ 219,000 Year: 1999 Condition: Used Location: Redondo Beach, CA, United States Hull Material: Draft: Number

More information

On this day in the Canadian Navy! JUNE

On this day in the Canadian Navy! JUNE On this day in the Canadian Navy! JUNE In June 1911 In June 1918 Commander (later Rear-admiral) Walter Hose (1875-1965) is lent to the Canadian Naval Service and assumes command of the cruiser HMCS Rainbow.

More information

Catapult Armed Merchantmen

Catapult Armed Merchantmen Catapult Armed Merchantmen Desperate Men Often Attempt Desperate Deeds Preface: World War II s Battle of the Atlantic was the longest and largest military campaign in history. It lasted from September

More information

World War II. Major Events and U.S. Role

World War II. Major Events and U.S. Role World War II Major Events and U.S. Role Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Hitler and Stalin signed a Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact in August 1939. They agreed not to go to war with each other. The Russians

More information

Navalimpianti Spa was established; at first there were only a small office in Via Ruffini 10 in Genova and a tiny pipes workshop in San Quirico, but

Navalimpianti Spa was established; at first there were only a small office in Via Ruffini 10 in Genova and a tiny pipes workshop in San Quirico, but 1971 Navalimpianti Spa was established; at first there were only a small office in Via Ruffini 10 in Genova and a tiny pipes workshop in San Quirico, but only a couple of years later the new company moved

More information

MEASUREMENT OF NAVY AND COAST GUARD VESSELS

MEASUREMENT OF NAVY AND COAST GUARD VESSELS MEASUREMENT OF NAVY AND COAST GUARD VESSELS TONNAGE GUIDE 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. PURPOSE... 3 2. REFERENCES... 3 3. APPLICABILITY... 3 4. U.S. TONNAGE MEASUREMENT... 3 (a) MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS... 3 (b)

More information

Lost Submarines September

Lost Submarines September Lost Submarines September USS Grayling (SS-209) USS GRAYLING (SS-209) stood out from Fremantle, Australia, on her eighth war patrol on 30 July 1943. The boat was fresh off a 24-day refit and had a brand-new

More information

The Spanish-American War

The Spanish-American War Warm-Up 1. List three reasons why the United States desired to become an Imperial Power. 2. What are the costs of Imperialism? 3. How did we convince Japan to trade with us in the 1850s? 4. What is the

More information

The Spanish Armada. by: Austin Hartman

The Spanish Armada. by: Austin Hartman The Spanish Armada by: Austin Hartman Was the Spanish Armada worth it for Philip II? Key People Philip II- King of Spain Queen Elizabeth I- Queen of England Sir Francis Drake- Loyal subject to Queen Elizabeth

More information

replacement SONNE status report

replacement SONNE status report replacement SONNE status report preliminary remark Preliminary remark: Tendering procedure started in 2009. For the first time the tender was for the construction as well as for the operation of the ship

More information

ESOH Challenges in Commissioning an Aircraft Carrier Brief Doug Parrish Booz Allen Hamilton E2S2 Conference May 2009, Denver

ESOH Challenges in Commissioning an Aircraft Carrier Brief Doug Parrish Booz Allen Hamilton E2S2 Conference May 2009, Denver ESOH Challenges in Commissioning an Aircraft Carrier Brief 7832 Doug Parrish Booz Allen Hamilton E2S2 Conference May 2009, Denver 1 Outline Background Complex operational environment. Manning challenges.

More information

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS ELROD (FFG 55) FLEET POST OFFICE MIAMI SO9

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS ELROD (FFG 55) FLEET POST OFFICE MIAMI SO9 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY USS ELROD (FFG 55) FLEET POST OFFICE MIAMI 94091-1 SO9 5750 FFG55/01 :db Ser 111 23 March 1990 From: Commanding Officer, USS ELROD (FFG 55) To : Commanding Officer, Naval Historical

More information

Maurice E. Fitzgerald in the Pacific War

Maurice E. Fitzgerald in the Pacific War Maurice E. Fitzgerald in the Pacific War by Edward J. Fitzgerald, April 2006 Revised May 2009, with excerpts from the wartime diary of Quartermaster Hartford H. Holden, and recollections of Electricians

More information

Encl: (1) USS INGRAHAM (FFG 61) Command History for 2004 (2) CDR Colby Biography (3) CDR Polk Biography (4) Welcome Aboard Pamphlet R. W.

Encl: (1) USS INGRAHAM (FFG 61) Command History for 2004 (2) CDR Colby Biography (3) CDR Polk Biography (4) Welcome Aboard Pamphlet R. W. From: Commanding Officer, USS INGRAHAM (FFG 61) To : Chief of Naval Operations (NOSBH) Subj: COMMAND HISTORY FOR 2004 Ref: (a) OPNAVINST 5750.12~ Encl: (1) USS INGRAHAM (FFG 61) Command History for 2004

More information

102' (31.09m) Cantiere delle Marche

102' (31.09m) Cantiere delle Marche 102' (31.09m) Cantiere delle Marche LOA: Beam: Min Draft: Max Draft: Speed: 102' 0" (31.09m) 24' 4" (7.42m) Max 7' 7" (2.31m) Cruising 12 knots Max 14 knots Year: Builder: Type: Price: Location: Mfg-2018

More information

The North African Campaign. War in the Desert Expands 12 July May 1943

The North African Campaign. War in the Desert Expands 12 July May 1943 The North African Campaign War in the Desert Expands 12 July 1942 16 May 1943 1 Torch El Alamein 2 The Battle of El Alamein General Montgomery and the British 8 th Army Builds up and Trains Forces Restores

More information

Shipping Industry. Advances in the 19th Century INTRODUCTION

Shipping Industry. Advances in the 19th Century INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Shipping Industry Shipping Industry, the industry devoted to moving goods or passengers by water. Passenger operations have been a major component of shipping, but air travel has seriously

More information

United States Coast Guard

United States Coast Guard United States Coast Guard Review of Mexico s Secretary of Communications and Transportation Investigation of the Circumstances Surrounding the Sinking of the Passenger Vessel ERIK In the Sea of Cortez

More information

CPP failure caused heavy contact with lock

CPP failure caused heavy contact with lock December 2016 CPP failure caused heavy contact with lock The vessel was berthed alongside a quay, waiting to proceed through a lock to another berth. The pilot called on the radio and informed the master

More information

Uncle Sam s Bloody Nose

Uncle Sam s Bloody Nose Uncle Sam s Bloody Nose Action at Cleaver Bank, 14 June 1918 U.S.S. Delaware. U.S. Naval Historical Center. This fictional action takes place during the latter months of the First World War, after battleships

More information

TSAKOS INDUSTRIAS NAVALES S.A.

TSAKOS INDUSTRIAS NAVALES S.A. 2017 TSAKOS INDUSTRIAS NAVALES S.A. OUR COMPANY TSAKOS INDUSTRIAS NAVALES S.A. shipyard is located in the heart of the beautiful natural harbor of Montevideo, safe city of European appearance, Uruguay

More information

FOR CHARTER m (148'10"ft) Feadship Charisma

FOR CHARTER m (148'10ft) Feadship Charisma Charisma 45.37m (148'10"ft) Feadship 1985 Charisma Motor yacht Charisma is a striking mid-vintage superyacht ideal for glamorous charters in the West Mediterranean and the Caribbean. Built in 2002 by Dutch

More information

00- Was One Person Responsible for the Titanic Disaster- Preview of Tim

00- Was One Person Responsible for the Titanic Disaster- Preview of Tim 00- Was One Person Responsible for the Titanic Disaster- Preview of Tim Building the Ship: 30 Apr 1907 J Bruce Ismay and William James Pirrie come up with the idea to build Olympic, Titanic and Brittanic

More information

MAHROUSSA. El Horriya

MAHROUSSA. El Horriya MAHROUSSA El Horriya Length: 478 feet Top speed: 16 knots Total power: 19,550 hp The fifth largest yacht in the world is also one of the oldest super yachts still in operation. El Horriya was originally

More information

ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES IN LNG CONVERSIONS. 1 Wärtsilä

ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES IN LNG CONVERSIONS. 1 Wärtsilä ENGINEERING AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES IN LNG CONVERSIONS 1 Wärtsilä Content Introduction Principles of Gas fuelled vessels Gas storage onboard ships Classification society requirements Bunkering of LNG

More information

SUDAN - SIDE WHEEL PADDLE STEAMER

SUDAN - SIDE WHEEL PADDLE STEAMER SUDAN - SIDE WHEEL PADDLE STEAMER Setting for a Novel, Two Movies and Other Theatrical Works Since at least 1921 the side wheel paddle steamer SUDAN has periodically plied the waters of the River Nile.

More information

New innovations and possibilities an extension to old traditions

New innovations and possibilities an extension to old traditions New innovations and possibilities an extension to old traditions Rauma Marine Constructions was founded in 2014. The wholly Finnish-owned shipbuilding company has created a completely new starting point

More information