SEVENTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY A70/41

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1 SEVENTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY A70/41 Provisional agenda item April 2017 Status of collection of assessed contributions, including Member States in arrears in the payment of their contributions to an extent that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution Report by the Secretariat STATUS OF COLLECTION 1. In order that WHO may deliver the approved programme budget, contributions from Member States must be received in full and on time. Under Financial Regulation 6.4, all Member States are required to pay their contribution as of 1 January of the year to which it relates. 2. The rate of collection for 2016 was 88%, up from 80% for Contributions for 2016 were received, either in full or in part, from 139 of the 196 Members and Associate Members (compared with 135 Members and Associate Members in 2015). 1 Details of amounts assessed and collected are shown in Annex In line with Financial Regulation 6.6, as amended by resolution WHA66.16 (2013), the contributions of all Member States for which the total annual assessment was US$ or greater were assessed half in United States dollars and half in Swiss francs, calculated at the time of the approval of the programme budget in May The total assessment in 2016 amounted to US$ 241 million and Sw.fr. 224 million (compared with US$ 242 million and Sw.fr. 222 million in 2015). 4. Unpaid contributions as at 31 December 2016 amounted to US$ 34.8 million and Sw.fr million (constituting a combined total of US$ 65.9 million) with a further US$ 30.5 million due under special arrangements authorized by the Health Assembly (compared with US$ million and US$ 35.5 million, respectively, at 31 December 2015). Details of payments made as at 31 December 2016 under special arrangements are shown in Annex 2. MEMBERS CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED IN ADVANCE 5. As at 31 December 2016, some Members had made advance payments, either in full or in part, against their regular budget contributions for 2017 and future years. In total, contributions received in advance as at 31 December 2016 amounted to US$ 50.4 million (US$ 46.1 million at 31 December 2015). Advance payments are detailed in Annex 3. 1 For 2015 data, see document A69/48.

2 A70/41 MEMBERS IN ARREARS AND SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS 6. Article 7 of the Constitution states that, if a Member fails to meet its financial obligations to the Organization, the Health Assembly may suspend the voting privileges to which a Member is entitled. If, at the time of the opening of the Health Assembly, a Member is in arrears in an amount that equals or exceeds the amount of contributions due from it for the preceding two full years, the Health Assembly takes a decision on suspension of the Member s voting privileges in accordance with resolution WHA41.7 (1988). 7. In accordance with previous Health Assembly resolutions, the voting privileges of the following six Member States continue to be suspended: Central African Republic, Comoros, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Somalia and Ukraine. Details of the amounts outstanding are provided in Annex 4. The suspension is to continue at the Seventieth World Health Assembly and subsequent Health Assemblies until the arrears have been reduced to a level below the amount that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution. 8. In accordance with resolution WHA69.13 (2016), if, by the time of the opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly, Burundi, El Salvador and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela are still in arrears in the payment of their contributions to an extent that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution, their voting privileges shall also be suspended as from the opening. Details of the amounts outstanding are provided in Annex 4. The suspension will then continue at the Seventy-first World Health Assembly and subsequent Health Assemblies until the arrears have been reduced to a level below the amount that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution. 9. Annex 2 lists the 10 Member States that currently have special arrangements for repayment of arrears approved previously by the Health Assembly. Payments amounting to US$ 5.0 million were received in 2016 (compared with US$ 1.3 million in 2015) in accordance with these special arrangements. Seven of the Member States concerned have respected their commitments under these arrangements. Three Member States, Afghanistan, Central African Republic and Ukraine, are not respecting their commitments. Of those three Member States, Central African Republic and Ukraine have already had their voting privileges suspended. In the case of Afghanistan, unless further payment is made by the opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly, it will lose its voting privileges. 10. As at 21 February 2017, 12 Member States, namely Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Lao People s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Malawi, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tonga and Uganda, were in arrears in the payment of their contributions in amounts that equal or exceed the amounts due from them for the preceding two full years, as listed in Annex 4. One Associate Member, Puerto Rico, was also behind with its assessed contributions. 11. Pursuant to resolution WHA41.7 (1988), unless there are exceptional circumstances justifying a different measure, the Seventieth World Health Assembly may wish to adopt a resolution deciding that the voting privileges of the 12 Member States mentioned in paragraph 10 will be suspended as from the opening day of the Seventy-first World Health Assembly in May 2018, if at that time the Member States concerned are still in arrears to an extent that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution. 12. Member States in arrears of payment to the extent referred to above are encouraged to submit proposals to the Health Assembly for repaying such arrears over an extended period. Such proposals for special arrangements are considered by the Programme, Budget and Administration Committee of 2

3 A70/41 the Executive Board, which subsequently makes its recommendations to the Health Assembly. To date, no new proposals have been submitted for consideration in ACTION BY THE HEALTH ASSEMBLY 13. No action is required by the Health Assembly in respect of those Members whose voting privileges have already been suspended under previous Health Assembly resolutions. 14. The Health Assembly may wish to consider the following draft resolution in respect of Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Lao People s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Malawi, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tonga and Uganda, in accordance with the principles stated in resolution WHA41.7 (1988): The Seventieth World Health Assembly, Having considered the report on the status of collection of assessed contributions, including Member States in arrears in the payment of their contributions to an extent that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution, and special arrangements for settlement of arrears; 1 Noting that, at the time of opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly, the voting rights of Central African Republic, Comoros, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Somalia and Ukraine were suspended, such suspension shall continue until the arrears of the Member States concerned have been reduced, at the present or future Health Assemblies, to a level below the amount that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution; Noting that the voting rights of Burundi, El Salvador and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela were suspended during the Sixty-ninth World Health Assembly, with that suspension effective from the opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly and to continue until the arrears of the Members concerned have been reduced, at the present or future Health Assemblies, to a level below the amount that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution; Noting that Afghanistan, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Lao People s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Malawi, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tonga and Uganda were in arrears at the time of the opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly to such an extent that it was necessary for the Health Assembly to consider, in accordance with Article 7 of the Constitution, whether the voting privileges of those countries should be suspended for Afghanistan at the opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly, and for the remaining 12 Member States at the opening of the Seventy-first World Health Assembly, DECIDES: (1) that, in accordance with the statement of principles set out in resolution WHA41.7 (1988), if, by the time of the opening of the Seventy-first World Health Assembly, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Lao People s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, 1 Document A70/41. 3

4 A70/41 Lesotho, Malawi, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tonga and Uganda are still in arrears in the payment of their contributions to an extent that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution, their voting privileges shall be suspended as from the said opening; and, in accordance with resolutions WHA59.6 (2006), if, by the time of the opening of the Seventieth World Health Assembly, Afghanistan is still in arrears in the payment of its rescheduled assessment, its voting privileges shall be suspended automatically; (2) that any suspension that takes effect as set out in paragraph (1) above shall continue at the Seventy-first World Health Assembly and subsequent Health Assemblies, until the arrears of Afghanistan, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Lao People s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Malawi, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tonga and Uganda have been reduced to a level below the amount that would justify invoking Article 7 of the Constitution; (3) that this decision shall be without prejudice to the right of any Member to request restoration of its voting privileges in accordance with Article 7 of the Constitution. 4

5 A70/41 5 ANNEX 1 STATUS OF COLLECTION OF ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS AS AT 31 DECEMBER Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. Afghanistan a Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia a Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso

6 A70/41 Annex Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic a Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czechia Democratic People s Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic a Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia

7 Annex 1 A70/ Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia a Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq a Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait

8 A70/41 Annex Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. Kyrgyzstan a Lao People s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua

9 Annex 1 A70/ Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova a Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone

10 A70/41 Annex Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan a Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine a United Arab Emirates United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

11 Annex 1 A70/ Previous financial periods Total outstanding Balance as at Member State or Assessment Collected Balance outstanding Collected in 2016 Balance outstanding 31 December 2015 Associate Member A B C D E = A - C F = B - D G H I J K = G - I L = H - J M = E + K N = F + L 2016 US$ 2016 Sw.fr US$ 2016 Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. US$ Sw.fr. United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Total a These 10 Member States also have special arrangements authorized by the Health Assembly (see Annex 2). Sw.fr. balance outstanding expressed as US$ (applying a rate of Sw.fr. 1 equals US$ , as at December 2016) Total outstanding in US$ Add: balance outstanding under special arrangements (Annex 2) (US$) Total balance outstanding (US$)

12 A70/41 12 ANNEX 2 PAYMENTS MADE IN 2016 UNDER SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS AUTHORIZED BY THE HEALTH ASSEMBLY AND BALANCES OUTSTANDING AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2016 (US$) Member State Afghanistan Armenia Central African Republic Dominican Republic Georgia Iraq Kyrgyzstan Republic of Moldova Tajikistan Ukraine Resolution (year) WHA59.6 (2006) WHA59.7 (2006) WHA59.8 (2006) WHA59.9 (2006) WHA58.8 (2005) WHA58.9 (2005) WHA61.8 (2008) WHA58.10 (2005) WHA66.14 (2013) WHA64.20 (2011) Payment period Payments Balance Payments Total Balance Due in 2018 received or outstanding Total amount received payments remaining Due in 2017 and future adjustments before 2016 received due 2016 a as at years made in December 2016 A B C D = B + C E F G H = E + F + G ( ) Total a The amount noted in parentheses in this column indicates a payment received in 2016 in excess of the balance due in 2016.

13 A70/41 ANNEX 3 MEMBERS CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED IN ADVANCE AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2016 Member State Amount (US$) Amount (Sw.fr.) Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Azerbaijan Burkina Faso Canada Cook Islands Djibouti Ecuador Estonia Ethiopia Honduras Hungary Indonesia Iraq Jamaica Latvia 24 Liberia Luxembourg Malaysia Mali Malta Morocco New Zealand Oman Peru Philippines Republic of Moldova Saint Lucia Samoa Sao Tome and Principe Singapore Slovenia Swaziland Thailand Timor-Leste Trinidad and Tobago Turkmenistan United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Total Amount received in Sw.fr. expressed as US$ (applying a rate of Sw.fr. 1 equals US$ , as at December 2016) Total (US$)

14 A70/41 14 ANNEX 4 STATUS OF ARREARS IN THE PAYMENT OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO AN EXTENT THAT WOULD JUSTIFY INVOKING ARTICLE 7 OF THE CONSTITUTION AS AT 21 FEBRUARY 2017 Amounts payable (US$) a Member State or Associate Member Total Members whose voting privileges have been suspended under previous Health Assembly resolutions Central African Republic (resolution WHA59.8 (2006)) Current biennium Rescheduled arrears Comoros Guinea Guinea-Bissau Somalia Ukraine (resolution WHA64.20 (2011)) Rescheduled arrears Total Members whose voting privileges may be suspended as from the Seventieth World Health Assembly Afghanistan (resolution WHA59.6 (2006)) Current biennium Rescheduled arrears Burundi (resolution WHA69.13 (2016)) El Salvador (resolution WHA69.13 (2016)) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) (resolution WHA69.13 (2016)) Total Members whose voting privileges may be suspended as from the Seventy-first World Health Assembly (resolution WHA41.7 (1988)) Equatorial Guinea Gambia Grenada Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Malawi Paraguay

15 Annex 4 A70/41 15 Amounts payable (US$) a Member State or Associate Member Total Sierra Leone South Sudan Tonga Uganda Total Associate Member overdue Puerto Rico Total a Amounts received in Sw.fr. are expressed as US$ (applying a rate of Sw.fr. 1 equals US$ , as at December 2016). = = =