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1 Question Matrix Is? Does? Are? Present Has? Did? Was? Past Should? Opinion Can? Possibility Would? Could? Probability Will? Prediction Might? Imagination What? Event Where? Place When? Time Which? Choice Who? Person Why? Reason How? Meaning

2 The resources in a destination can be classified into primary and secondary resources. Primary resources are natural resources (such as climate, scenery and ecosystems) and cultural resources (such as historical and religious buildings). They are what people go to see and form the basis for a place's tourist potential. Secondary resources include accommodation, eating places, entertainment, infrastructure (such as airports, motorways, railways), and guiding and information services. They are the facilities provided by governments, companies and individuals, without which mass tourism cannot take place. These determine the extent to which a place s tourist potential is realised.

3 What evidence can you see of primary and secondary resources?

4 Peru

5

6 The Butler tourist resort life-cycle model

7

8

9 Imagine you have visited Peru and part of your holiday included the Inca Trail. Write a postcard to send home, which includes the following: -A map showing the trail -A description of how you got to the trail -A description of the attractions (human and natural) that you saw. Explain why these were so awesome and different to what you had seen previously.

10 How might you link this image to our next lesson on Peru?

11 Trouble in Aguas Calientes see page 158

12 Social/cultural, economic and environmental effects. Peru s most famous ruin, Machu Picchu, has had closures and visitor number limitations in an attempt to conserve the natural beauty surrounding the site Children from low-income families need to work in order to help their family survive, and as a result schooling is pushed aside Many ancient ruins have experienced damage due to erosion and pollution because of the amount of people visiting the site each year Local profit from tourism has increased with the number of guesthouses and people buying local, traditional goods on the increase The primary sector, which is mainly agricultural, is getting smaller as the service sector grows There is a peak tourist season, so many of the employment positions in the tourism industry are only available for half of each year, which forces those who work to find a second job Tourism is dependant on the influx of visitors, but the numbers depend on the economy of the countries that they come from Peru aims to use it s income from tourism to conserve it s cultural heritage Some communities in the mountains have started charging a fee for tourists entering their region, and the profits are put towards conservation The Peruvian government claims that tourism will positively influence the preservation of culture Ecotourism, which focuses on conservation and sustainability, is one of the main branches of tourism that makes up Peru s tourism economy The Cordillera Huayhuash region is now a protected park and conservational area Opportunities for jobs are limited, none of which require a higher education. So competition is fierce Quiet towns turn into bustling tourist towns with new luxury accommodations for tourists. Roadways are built, destroying natural landscapes Many tourism companies are not based in Peru, so profits from tourism are flowing out of Peru Wealth and prosperity from tourism is not equally divided among the different regions, which creates a gap between economic classes There are some job opportunities, especially for locals Peruvians who live in remote areas and depend on farming for survival, are worried about their economic situation Tourism is on of the leading industries in Peru s economy Unrestricted development in Aguas Calientes has led to landslides as hotels replace forests

13 Social/cultural, economic and environmental effects. Peru s most famous ruin, Machu Picchu, has had closures and visitor number limitations in an attempt to conserve the natural beauty surrounding the site Children from low-income families need to work in order to help their family survive, and as a result schooling is pushed aside Many ancient ruins have experienced damage due to erosion and pollution because of the amount of people visiting the site each year Local profit from tourism has increased with the number of guesthouses and people buying local, traditional goods on the increase The primary sector, which is mainly agricultural, is getting smaller as the service sector grows There is a peak tourist season, so many of the employment positions in the tourism industry are only available for half of each year, which forces those who work to find a second job Tourism is dependant on the influx of visitors, but the numbers depend on the economy of the countries that they come from Peru aims to use it s income from tourism to conserve it s cultural heritage Some communities in the mountains have started charging a fee for tourists entering their region, and the profits are put towards conservation The Peruvian government claims that tourism will positively influence the preservation of culture Ecotourism, which focuses on conservation and sustainability, is one of the main branches of tourism that makes up Peru s tourism economy The Cordillera Huayhuash region is now a protected park and conservational area Opportunities for jobs are limited, none of which require a higher education. So competition is fierce Quiet towns turn into bustling tourist towns with new luxury accommodations for tourists. Roadways are built, destroying natural landscapes Many tourism companies are not based in Peru, so profits from tourism are flowing out of Peru Wealth and prosperity from tourism is not equally divided among the different regions, which creates a gap between economic classes There are some job opportunities, especially for locals Peruvians who live in remote areas and depend on farming for survival, are worried about their economic situation Tourism is on of the leading industries in Peru s economy Unrestricted development in Aguas Calientes has led to landslides as hotels replace forests

14 Jamaica had 1,500 murders in 2007, but this had little effect on the tourist industry, which remains its highest foreign money earner. Across the whole of the Caribbean, tourists are far less likely to be the victims of violent crimes than local people. Local people in less developed countries see tourists spend huge sums of money, compared with what they can earn. Therefore... Crime types: -theft -violence -murder -more prostitution and drug trafficking

15 Tourism is vital so that Peru can develop discuss Success criteria: -3 paragraphs about the social/cultural, economic and environmental impacts -argument for and against -clear conclusion at the end of your discussion

16 The impact of tourism in Peru The increase of international tourism to Peru because of globalisation has aided in the development of Peru and the Peruvian people. As Peru industrialises by adding more infrastructure such as hotels or transportation methods, the economy and especially the environment are affected. Because the tourism industry is vital to Peru s economy, local development, modernisation of infrastructure, and environmental devastation are all being affected. Peru attracts many tourists because of its natural beauty and traditions, but sometimes these aspects are being ignored and destroyed by the government in order to develop through modernisation. The newly expanding tourism industry in Peru should be benefitting the country and its people...

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