KEY WORLD FACTS. 2 million

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1 KEY WORLD FACTS World population in 2013 World population under 30 in 2013 World population over 60 in ,130 million (3,596 million males and 3,534 million females) 3,655 million 840 million World population over 100 in ,000 Number of births worldwide every day 372,000 Number of deaths worldwide every day 159,000 World economic growth rate in % (3 8% in 2011) Number of illiterate adults Number of unemployed people Average world life expectancy Annual world population increase Number of people living outside country of birth Fertility rate Urban population World trade in 2011 Annual world defence expenditure Number of cigarettes smoked Number of internet users Number of Facebook users Number of mobile phone users Number of motor vehicles on the road Number of people who cross international borders every day Number of people living in extreme poverty Number of people living in urban slums Number of undernourished people Number of overweight adults Number of obese adults Number of people dying of starvation Number of people lacking clean water Number of people lacking basic sanitation Number of people worldwide exposed to indoor air pollution that exceeds WHO guidelines Annual carbon dioxide emissions 775 million 197 million 71 9 years for females; 67 4 years for males million people 214 million, or more than 3% of the world s population 2 4 births per woman 52 1% of total population US$36 7 billion US$1,738 billion 5,600 billion a year 2 4 billion 836 million 6 0 billion 1 billion 2 million 1 5 billion 1 billion 870 million 1 billion 475 million 24,000 every day 783 million 2 5 billion 1 billion 34 7 billion tonnes 1513

2 CHRONOLOGY April 2012 March 2013 Week beginning 1 April 2012 In San Marino, Maurizio Rattini and Italo Righi were sworn in as captains regent. Fernando Herrero resigned as Costa Rica s financeminister.two weeks later, Edgar Ayales was appointed to the post. Following the resignation of Pál Schmitt, the president of the National Assembly, László Kövér, became Hungary s acting president. János Áder was elected president a month later by 262 votes to 40. In a cabinet reshuffle in New Zealand, Chris Tremain was appointed internal affairs minister. Jules Baillet became finance minister in a cabinet reshuffle in Niger. In Senegal, Macky Sall was sworn in as president. Abdoul Mbaye was appointed prime minister and the new government included Alioune Badara Cissé as foreign minister, Augustin Tine as defence minister, Mbaye Ndiaye as interior minister and Amadou Kane as finance minister. With the resignation of Boris Tadić, speaker of parliament Slavica Đukić Dejanović became Serbia s acting president. In Slovakia, Robert Fico was appointed prime minister. His government included Miroslav Lajčák as foreign minister, Martin Glváč as defence minister, Robert Kaliňák as interior minister and Peter Kažimír as finance minister. Following the death of Bingu wa Mutharika, Malaŵi s vice president Joyce Banda took over as president. A week later Khumbo Hastings Kachali was appointed vice president. The new cabinet included Ephraim Mganda Chiume as foreign minister, Ken Kandodo as defence minister and Uladi Mussa as home affairs minister. Week beginning 8 April 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in Benin, president Yayi Boni took charge of the defence portfolio and Jonas Gbian was appointed finance minister. In Haiti, the Senate endorsed the nomination of Laurent Lamothe as prime minister by 19 votes to three. Three weeks later, the Chamber of Deputies also approved Lamothe as prime minister with 62 votes to three against. In North Korea, Kim Jong-gak was appointed defence minister. Kim Jong-un was elected First Secretary of the Workers Party of Korea and was also named First Chairman of the National Defence Commission two days later. In parliamentary elections in South Korea, the Saenuri Party won 152 out of 300 seats with 42 8% of votes cast; the Democratic United Party 127 with 36 5%; the Unified Progressive Party 13 with 10 3%; and the Liberty Forward Party 5 with 3 2%. Three seats went to independents. Following the coup a month earlier in Mali, Dioncounda Traoré was sworn in as president. Cheick Modibo Diarra was subsequently appointed acting prime minister. The new government, announced a week later, included Sadio Lamine Sow as foreign minister, Col. Yamoussa Camara as defence minister, Col. Moussa Sinko Coulibaly as territorial administration (interior) minister and Tiéna Coulibaly as finance minister. Guinea-Bissau s interim president Raimundo Pereira was deposed in a military coup and the presidential run-off was aborted. The following week, Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo was named transitional president but he refused the nomination. In Lithuania, Artūras Melianas was appointed interior minister. Week beginning 15 April 2012 In the presidential run-off in Timor Leste, Taur Matan Ruak was elected president with 61 2% of the vote against 38 8% for Francisco Guterres. In a cabinet reshuffle in the Gambia, Mambury Njie became foreign minister, Lamin Kaba Bajo interior minister and Abdou Kolley finance minister. Jim Yong Kim was named president of the World Bank, to take office on 1 July. Augustin Matata Ponyo was appointed prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. His government was named ten days later and included Raymond Tshibanda as foreign minister and Alexandre Lubal Tamu as defence minister. In Sweden, Karin Enström was appointed defence minister. In a cabinet reshuffle in Tonga, Lisiate Aloveita Akolo was named finance minister. Week beginning 22 April 2012 In the first round of French presidential elections, François Hollande gained the largest number of votes (28 63% of those cast) against nine opponents. His nearest rivals were the incumbent president Nicolas Sarkozy, who came second with 27 18% of votes cast, and Marine Le Pen, with 17 90%. In a cabinet reshuffle in Ecuador, Miguel Carvajal was appointed defence minister. In the Netherlands, prime minister Mark Rutte s cabinet resigned but stayed on as caretaker government until elections in September. With the resignation of Awn Khasawneh as Jordan s prime minister, King Abdullah II designated Fayez Tarawneh to form a government.inthenewcabinetsworninthefollowingweek, Tarawneh also assumed the defence portfolio. Ghabib Al Zu bi was appointed interior minister and Suleiman Al Hafez finance minister. In the Czech Republic, prime minister Petr Nečas government won a confidence vote in parliament (105 93). In Romania, Mihai-Răzvan Ungureanu s government was defeated in a no-confidence vote that was supported by 235 of the 460 members of parliament. President Traian Băsescu designated Victor Ponta as prime minister. A week later parliament approved Ponta s government, which included Andrei Marga as foreign minister, Gen. Corneliu Dobriţoiu as defence minister, Ioan Rus as interior minister and Florin Georgescu as finance minister. Week beginning 29 April 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in Tanzania, Shamsi Vuai Nahodha was named defence minister, William Mgimwa finance minister and Emmanuel John Nchimbi home affairs minister. In the second round of parliamentary elections in Iran, with 65 of the 290 seats contested, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad s 1514

3 CHRONOLOGY 1515 opponents won 41 seats and his supporters seats went to independents. Week beginning 6 May 2012 In parliamentary elections in Armenia, the Republican Party of Armenia won 69 of 131 seats with 44 1% of votes cast; Prosperous Armenia 36 with 30 2%; Armenian National Congress 7 with 7 1%; Armenian Revolutionary Federation 6 with 5 7%; and Rule of Law 6 with 5 5%. Tigran Sargsyan was reappointed prime minister four weeks later. In the presidential run-off in France, François Hollande was elected president with 51 6% of votes cast against 48 4% for Nicolas Sarkozy. Hollande was sworn in nine days later and named Jean-Marc Ayrault as prime minister. The government, sworn in the following day, included Laurent Fabius as foreign minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian as defence minister, Manuel Valls as interior minister and Pierre Moscovici as finance minister. In parliamentary elections in Greece, New Democracy won 108 of 300 seats with 18 9% of votes cast; Coalition of the Radical Left 52 with 16 8%; Pasok (Panhellenic Socialist Movement) 41 with 13 2%; Independent Greeks, 33 with 10 6%; Communist Party 26 with 8 5%; Golden Dawn 21 with 7 0%; and Democratic Left 19 with 6 1%. The leaders of New Democracy, Coalition of the Radical Left and Pasok were each unable to agree on terms for setting up a government. The president s efforts to form a national unity government also failed and new elections were scheduled for June. Panagiotis Pikrammenos was sworn in as interim prime minister, leading a government that included Petros Molyviatis as foreign minister, Frangoulis Frangos as defence minister, Antonios Manitakis as interior minister and Georgios Zanias as finance minister. In presidential elections in Serbia, Boris Tadić gained 25 3% of the vote, followed by Tomislav Nikolić with 25 0%, Ivica Dačić with 14 2% and Vojislav Koštunica with 7 4%. There were eight other candidates. In the run-off held two weeks later, Nikolić won with 49 5% of the vote against 47 3% for Tadić. Nikolić took office as president at the end of May. In parliamentary elections in The Bahamas, the Progressive Liberal Party won 48 6% of votes cast and 29 out of 38 seats against the ruling Free National Movement with 42 1% and 9 seats. The following day, Perry Christie was sworn in as prime minister and finance minister. Bernard Nottage was later sworn in as national security minister with Frederick Mitchell as foreign minister. Vladimir Putin was inaugurated as Russia s president. He nominated Dmitry Medvedev as prime minister. The new government, named three weeks later, included Vladimir Kolokoltsev as interior minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, prime minister Augustin Matata Ponyo s government won an investiture vote in parliament (324 53). In parliamentary elections in Algeria, the Front de Libération Nationale/National Liberation Front won 208 out of 462 seats; Rassemblement National Démocratique/National Rally for Democracy took 68 seats; the Green Algeria Alliance, 49; Front des Forces Socialistes/Front of Socialist Forces, 27; and Parti des Travailleurs/Workers Party, 24. Independents gained 18 seats and the remainder went to minor parties. János Áder took office as Hungary s president. In Guinea-Bissau, Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo accepted nomination as transitional president for one year. Five days later, he named Rui Duarte Barros as prime minister. The new government, appointed the following week, included Faustino Fudut Imbali as foreign minister, Col. Celestino Carvalho as defence minister, Antonio Suca Intchama as interior minister and Abubacar Demba Dahaba as finance minister. Week beginning 13 May 2012 In Estonia, Urmas Reinsalu was sworn in as defence minister after the resignation of Mart Laar. Following the resignation of Peru s interior minister Daniel Lozada and defence minister Alberto Otárola, Wilver Calle was named interior minister and José Urquizo defence minister. In Grenada, prime minister Tillman Thomas and his government defeated a no-confidence motion by 8 votes to 5. Two days later foreign minister Karl Hood resigned and the prime minister took over the portfolio. In Slovakia, prime minister Robert Fico s government won a confidence vote in parliament winning 82 votes. In Haiti, Laurent Lamothe s new cabinet took office. Jean Rodolphe Joazile became defence minister and Marie-Carmelle Jean Marie finance minister. Week beginning 20 May 2012 In presidential elections in the Dominican Republic, Danilo Medina Sánchez of the ruling Dominican Liberation Party won 51 2% of the votes and Hipólito Mejía of the Dominican Revolutionary Party 47 0%. Taur Matan Ruak was sworn in as Timor-Leste s new president. Following the resignation of Ignacio Milam Tang s government, Vincenté Ehaté Tomi was named Equatorial Guinea s newprime minister. Agapito Mba Mokuy was appointed foreign minister and Marcelino Owono Edu finance minister. In the first round of presidential elections in Egypt, Mohamed Morsy (Freedom and Justice Party) came first with 24 8% of the vote, followed by Ahmed Shafik (ind.) with 23 7%, Hamdeen Sabahi (Dignity Party) 20 7%, Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh (ind.) 17 5% and Amr Moussa (ind.) 11 1%. There were eight other candidates. In parliamentary elections in Lesotho, the Democratic Congress won 48 of 120 seats, All Basotho Convention 30 and Lesotho Congress for Democracy 26. Prime minister Pakalitha Mosisili resigned four days later. Week beginning 27 May 2012 In Barbados, Elliot Belgrave took office as governor-general. Tigran Sargsyan was reappointed prime minister of Armenia with no changes in the main cabinet posts. In the Central African Republic, finance minister Sylvain Ndoutingaï was replaced by Albert Besse. Syed Naveed Qamar was appointed defence minister of Pakistan. Week beginning 3 June 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in Japan, Satoshi Morimoto became defence minister. In Pakistan, the Supreme Court suspended interior minister Rehman Malik s Senate membership. He was reappointed as adviser on interior affairs the following day. Two weeks later, the Supreme Court disqualified prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani from office. President Asif Ali Zardari nominated Makhdoom Shahabuddin as prime minister but replaced him with Raja Pervez after a judge ordered Shahabuddin s arrest. Ashraf was elected in parliament with 211 votes. The interior portfolio was left vacant in the new cabinet. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. In Malta, prime minister Lawrence Gonzi won a confidence vote in parliament by 35 votes to 34.

4 1516 CHRONOLOGY In Syria, Riyad Hijab was sworn in as prime minister. Key portfolios in the new cabinet, sworn in three weeks later, remained unchanged. Tom Motsoahae Thabane was sworn in as Lesotho s prime minister, also taking the defence portfolio. Leketekete Ketso was appointed finance minister and Joang Molapo home affairs minister. Week beginning 10 June 2012 In Kenya, interior minister George Saitoti was killed in a plane crash. Nauru s president Sprent Dabwido appointed a new cabinet that included Kieren Keke as foreign minister and Roland Kun as finance minister. Albania s parliament elected Bujar Nishani president in a fourth round after previous votes had failed to result in the required three-fifths majority. In a cabinet reshuffle in South Africa, Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula was appointed defence minister. Prince Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud was appointed Saudi Arabia s new interior minister after the death of Crown Prince Nayef. RubénCandiaAmarillawassworninasParaguay s newinterior minister following the resignation of Carlos Filizzola. In an impeachment trial held six days later, the Senate voted to remove president Fernando Lugo by 39 votes to 4. Vice president Federico Franco was sworn in as president. The new cabinet included Carmelo Caballero as interior minister, José Félix Fernández Estigarribia as foreign minister and María Liz Arnold as defence minister. Week beginning 17 June 2012 After two rounds of parliamentary elections in France, the Socialist Party along with its allies won with a total of 331 seats, providing the new government with an absolute parliamentary majority. The Socialist Party (PS) won 280 of the 577 available seats; the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), 194; Miscellaneous Left (DVG), 22; Europe Ecology the Greens (EELV), 17; Miscellaneous Right (DVD), 15; Radical Party of the Left (PRG), 12; the New Centre (NC), 12; the Left Front (FDG), 10;theRadicalParty(PRV),6;andothers,9.Afterresigning(a traditional procedure following French legislative elections) Jean- Marc Ayrault was reappointed prime minister with no changes in the key cabinet posts. In a presidential run-off in Egypt, Mohamed Morsy won 51 7% of the vote and Ahmed Shafik 48 3%. The following week prime minister Kamal Ganzouri and his cabinet resigned. Morsy was sworn in as president five days later. In the second parliamentary elections in Greece in six weeks, New Democracy won 129 seats with 29 7% of the vote; Syriza (Coalition of the Radical Left), 71 (26 9%); Pasok (Panhellenic Socialist Movement), 33 (12 3%); Independent Greeks, 20 (7 5%); Golden Dawn, 18 (6 9%); Democratic Left, 17 (6 3%); and the Communist Party, 12 (4 5%). Antonis Samaras was sworn in as prime minister three days later. His cabinet included Dimitris Avramopoulos as foreign minister, Panos Panagiotopoulos as defence minister, Evripidis Stylianidis as interior minister and Vassilis Rapanos as finance minister. Owing to ill health Rapanos failed to take office and was replaced by Yannis Stournaras. In the USA, commerce secretary John Bryson resigned. Rebecca M. Blank, who had previously taken over when Bryson took a medical leave of absence, continued as acting secretary. In Nigeria, defence minister Bello Mohammed was dismissed. In a cabinet reshuffle in Trinidad and Tobago, Winston Dookeran was appointed foreign minister, Larry Howai finance minister and Jack Warner national security minister. Week beginning 24 June 2012 Following the resignation of Pranab Mukherjee, India s prime minister Manmohan Singh took over the finance portfolio. In Serbia, president Tomislav Nikolić asked Ivica Dačić to form a government. In presidential elections in Iceland incumbent Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson won 52 8% of the vote, Thóra Arnórsdóttir 32 2% and Ari Trausti Guðmundsson 8 6%. Week beginning 1 July 2012 In China, Leung Chun-ying took office as chief executive of Hong Kong. In Kuwait, following the resignation of the government, the Amir reappointed Sheikh Jaber Mubarak al-hamad al-sabah as prime minister. The new cabinet was announced two weeks later with Nayef al-hajraf as finance minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. In presidential elections in Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) won 39 1% of the vote, Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) 32 4% and Josefina Vázquez Mota of the National Action Party (PAN) 26 0%. Turnout was 63 1%. In parliamentary elections in Senegal, the United in Hope coalition won 119 of 150 seats and the Senegalese Democratic Party 12. Turnout was 36 8%. Jim Yong Kim took office as the president of the World Bank. Following the resignation of Montenegro s foreign minister Milan Rocen, Nebojša Kaluđerović was appointed to the post. In a cabinet reshuffle in Albania, Edmond Panariti was appointed foreign minister and Flamur Noka interior minister. In Georgia, parliament confirmed the new cabinet of prime minister Vano Merabishvili, including Dimitri Shashkin as defence minister and Bacho Akhalaia as interior minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. Yannis Stournaras was sworn in as finance minister of Greece. In Libya s parliamentary elections, the National Forces Alliance won 39 of 80 seats allocated to registered parties and the Justice and Construction Party 17; 120 of the 200 members were elected as independents. In parliamentary elections in Timor-Leste, the National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction won 36 7% of the vote and 30 of 65 seats, the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor 29 9% and 25 seats, the Democratic Party 10 3% and 8 seats, and the Front for National Reconstruction of Timor-Leste Change 3 1% and 2 seats. Turnout was 74 8%. Week beginning 8 July 2012 In Italy, Vittorio Grilli replaced Mario Monti as economy and finance minister. In Togo, the government of Gilbert Houngbo resigned. Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu took office as prime minister eight days later. The cabinet subsequently named included Col. Yark Damehane as security and civil protection minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. Week beginning 15 July 2012 Francisco Álvarez de Soto became acting foreign minister of Panama with Roberto Henríquez becoming minister of the presidency.

5 CHRONOLOGY 1517 Parliamentary elections were held in Papua New Guinea between 23 June and 17 July Prime minister Peter O Neill s People s National Congress won 27 of 111 seats; the Triumph Heritage Empowerment Party 12; PNG Party 8; the National Alliance Party 7; the United Resources Party 7; the People s Party 6; the People s Progress Party 6; and the Social Democratic Party 3. A number of smaller parties each took one or two seats, with 16 going to independents. In Syria, defence minister Gen. Dawoud Rajha was killed in a bomb attack. Gen. Fahad Jassim al-freij was sworn in as his successor. Pranab Mukherjee was sworn in as the president of India following his victory in the indirect presidential elections. Mukherjee gained 713,763 votes while his opponent won 315,987. Rajkeswur Purryag was elected president of Mauritius and sworn in the following day. Week beginning 22 July 2012 In Peru, following the resignation of the government of Óscar Valdés, Juan Jiménez was sworn in as prime minister. His cabinet included Pedro Cateriano Bellido as defence minister and Wilfredo Pedraza as interior minister. Bujar Nishani took office as the president of Albania. In Egypt, Hisham Qandil was named prime minister by president Mohamed Morsy. In Ghana, president John Atta Mills died. He was succeeded by vice president John Dramani Mahama. Kwesi Bekoe Amissah- Arthur was named vice president a week later. In Pakistan, Rehman Malik was sworn in as interior minister. The Serbian parliament voted in a government headed by prime minister Ivica Dačić. Dačić continued as interior minister while Ivan Mrkić was appointed foreign minister, Aleksandar Vučić defence minister and Mlađan Dinkić finance minister. In Tunisia, finance minister Houcine Dimassi resigned. The secretary of state for finance, Slim Besbes, took over the portfolio. Week beginning 29 July 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in India, Palaniappan Chidambaram was appointed finance minister, while Sushil Kumar Shinde succeeded him as home affairs minister. In Honduras, following the resignation of finance minister Héctor Guillén, Wilfredo Cerrato was appointed his successor. In Egypt, Hisham Qandil s government was sworn in. Moumtaz Saïd continued as finance minister while Mohammed Kamel Amr was appointed foreign minister, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi defence minister and Ahmed Gamal Eddin interior minister. Ten days after later Mahmoud Mekki was appointed vice president and Abdel Fattah al-sisi became defence minister after Tantawi was ordered to retire. Week beginning 5 August 2012 Kwesi Bekoe Amissah-Arthur was sworn in as vice president of Ghana. In a cabinet reshuffle in Haiti, Pierre Richard Casimir was appointed foreign minister and Ronsard Saint-Cyr interior minister. Mircea Duşa became the Romanian interior minister following the resignation of Ioan Rus. Titus Corlăţean was named foreign minister. In Syria, prime minister Riyad Hijab defected and fled to Jordan. The Syrian regime released a statement saying Hijab had been dismissed but no official explanation was offered. Wael al-halki was sworn in as his successor. In Timor-Leste, a new cabinet took office with José Luís Guterres as foreign minister and Cirilo José Cristóvão as defence and security minister; Emília Pires remained finance minister. Libya s newly formed national assembly elected former opposition leader Mohamed Magariaf as the country s interim president. Magariaf won 113 votes in the 200-member General National Congress, with his opponent Ali Zeidan receiving 85 votes. Norov Altankhuyag took office as prime minister of Mongolia. A week later numerous cabinet members were approved, including Luvsanvandan Bold as foreign minister, Dashdemberel Bat- Erdene as defence minister and Chultem Ulaan as finance minister. Week beginning 12 August 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in Panama, Rómulo Roux was appointed foreign minister. In Myanmar, following the resignation of vice president Tin Aung Myint Oo, Nyan Tun was sworn in as his successor. Sam Kutesa was reinstated as Uganda s foreign minister after stepping down ten months earlier following allegations of corruption. Danilo Medina Sánchez was sworn in as president of the Dominican Republic. Carlos Morales Troncoso continued as foreign minister and José Ramón Fadul as interior minister; Adm. Sigfrido Pared Pérez became defence minister and Simón Lizardo finance minister. Week beginning 19 August 2012 In Belarus, Vladimir Makei was appointed foreign minister following the dismissal of Syarhey Martynau. A national unity government formed in Mali included Tieman Coulibaly as foreign minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. Russia joined the World Trade Organization. Mauricio Cárdenas was named finance minister of Colombia. In a minor cabinet reshuffle in the Gambia, Mamadou Tangara became foreign minister. Week beginning 26 August 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in Myanmar, Lieut.-Gen. Wai Lwin became defence minister and U Win Shein finance minister. Romanian president Traian Băsescu resumed office, following an attempted parliamentary impeachment. In parliamentary elections in Angola, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) gained 175 seats in the National Assembly with 71 8% of votes cast, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) 32 with 18 7%, Broad Convergence for the Salvation of Angola Electoral Coalition (CASA CE) 8 with 6 0%, Social Renewal Party 3 with 1 7% and the National Front for the Liberation of Angola 2 with 1 1%. Turnout was 62 8%. In the Philippines, following the death of interior secretary Jesse Robredo, Manuel Mar Roxas took over the portfolio. In Kyrgyzstan, following the resignation of the government, the parliament approved the new government with Zhantoro Satybaldiyev as prime minister, Erlan Abdyldayev as foreign minister and Olga Lavrova as finance minister; Taalaibek Omuraliyev remained defence minister and Zarylbek Rysaliyev interior minister.

6 1518 CHRONOLOGY Week beginning 2 September 2012 Abdelmalek Sellal was appointed prime minister of Algeria by president Abdelaziz Bouteflika. The government was named the following day with no changes in key portfolios. Week beginning 9 September 2012 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was elected president of Somalia. He was sworn in a week later. Mustafa Abu Shagur was elected prime minister of Libya, but was dismissed the following month after failing to form a government. In the Netherlands parliamentary elections, the People s Party for Freedom and Democracy won 41 of 150 seats with 26 6% of the vote, the Labour Party 38 with 24 8%, the Party for Freedom 15 with 10 1%, the Socialist Party 15 with 9 7%, the Christian Democratic Appeal 13 with 8 5%, the Democrats with 7 9%, the Christian Union 5 with 3 2%, Green Left 4 with 2 3%, the Reformed Political Party 3 with 2 1%, the Party for the Animals 2 with 1 9% and with 1 9%. Turnout was 74 3%. In a cabinet reshuffle in Afghanistan, Bismallah Mohammadi became defence minister and Mujtaba Patang interior minister. In a major cabinet reshuffle in Bangladesh, Mahiuddin Khan Alamgir was appointed interior minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged, but there were a number of changes among more minor posts. Week beginning 16 September 2012 In Dominica, following the resignation of president Nicholas Liverpool, Eliud Williams was sworn in as his successor. Following the resignation of Georgia s interior minister Bacho Akhlaia, Eka Zguladze took over the portfolio. In Ethiopia, the acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn was sworn in as prime minister. In a cabinet reshuffle in Norway, Espen Barth Eide was appointed foreign minister while Anne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen took over the defence portfolio. Week beginning 23 September 2012 In parliamentary elections in Belarus, independent candidates won 104 of 109 seats, the Communist Party 3, the Agrarian Party 1 and the Republican Party of Labour and Justice 1. All the elected deputies were supporters of President Lukashenka as the two main opposition parties boycotted the election. Turnout was 74 2%. In Kazakhstan, Serik Akhmetov was appointed prime minister following the resignation of Karim Masimov. Subsequently a cabinet was announced including Krymbek Kusherbayev as deputy prime minister and Yerlan Idrisov as foreign minister. In a cabinet reshuffle in the Republic of the Congo, Charles Richard Mondjo was appointed defence minister and Raymond Zéphirin Mboulou interior minister. In Thailand, deputy prime minister and interior minister Yongyuth Wichaidit resigned following allegations of corruption. Week beginning 30 September 2012 Angola s new government was sworn in including Manuel Vicente as vice president and Ângelo de Barros Veiga Tavares as new interior minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. In parliamentary elections in Georgia, the opposition Georgian Dream coalition won 83 of the 150 seats, with the ruling United National Movement taking 67 seats. Turnout was 59 8%. In a cabinet reshuffle in Japan, Koriki Jojima became finance minister, Shinji Tarutoko interior minister and Keishu Takana justice minister. Denise Bronzetti and Teodoro Lonfernini took office as captains regent of San Marino. In a cabinet reshuffle in Guinea, Kerfalla Yansané was appointed economy and finance minister and Louncény Fall foreign minister. Abdi Farah Shirdon was appointed prime minister of Somalia by president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. Week beginning 7 October 2012 In presidential elections in Venezuela, incumbent president Hugo Chávez was re-elected. He subsequently appointed Nicolás Maduro as vice president and Nestor Reverol as interior minister. Some weeks later Diego Molero was named defence minister. In Mozambique, Alberto Vaquina was appointed prime minister following the dismissal of Aires Ali. Abdullah Ensour was appointed prime minister of Jordan by King Abdullah II. The government was named the following day with Ensour also serving as defence minister; Awad Khlewait became interior minister, Suleiman Hafez remained finance minister and Nasser Judeh foreign minister. The European Union was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for promoting peace, democracy and human rights over six decades. Week beginning 14 October 2012 In the two rounds of Lithuania s parliamentary elections, the Social Democratic Party of Lithuania won 38 of the 141 seats, Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrats 33 and Labour Party 29. Turnout was 52 9%. In Montenegro s parliamentary elections, the ruling Coalition for European Montenegro won 39 of 81 seats with 45 6% of the vote, the Democratic Front 20 with 22 8%, the Socialist People s Party 9 with 11 1% and Positive Montenegro 7 with 8 2%. Turnout was 72 8%. Week beginning 21 October 2012 In Bosnia and Herzegovina, defence minister Muhamed Ibrahimović was dismissed. In Georgia, Bidzina Ivanichvili s government was sworn in. Irakli Alasania was appointed deputy prime minister and defence minister, Nodar Khaduri finance minister, Maya Panjikidze foreign minister and Thea Tsulukiani justice minister. In a major government reshuffle in India, Salman Khurshid was named foreign minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. Week beginning 28 October 2012 In Ukraine s parliamentary elections, the Party of Regions won 187 seats with 30 0% of the vote, Yuliya Tymoshenko s Fatherland 102 with 25 5%, Vitali Klitschko s Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform 40 with 14 0%, Svoboda 38 with 10 4% and the Communist Party of Ukraine 32 with 13 2%. 51 seats were divided between various small parties and independent candidates. Turnout was 58 0%. In a government reshuffle in Thailand, Phongthep Thepkanjana was appointed deputy prime minister, Surapong Towijakchaikul deputy prime minister and foreign minister and Charupong Ruangsuwan interior minister. Other key posts remained unchanged. In a major cabinet reshuffle in Senegal, Mankeur Ndiaye was appointed foreign minister and Pathé Seck interior minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. In Vanuatu s parliamentary elections, the Party of Our Land won 8of52seats,thePeople s Progressive Party 6, the Union of

7 CHRONOLOGY 1519 Moderate Parties 5, the Ground and Justice Party 4, the National United Party 4 and the Iauko Group 3. Turnout was 63 2%. In Libya, the government of Ali Zeidan took office. Senior ministers included Mohammed Mahmoud al-bargati as defence minister, Alkilani al-jazi as finance minister and Salah Bashir Margani as justice minister. In a cabinet reshuffle in the Gambia, Susan Waffa Ogoo was appointed foreign minister. Week beginning 4 November 2012 In a cabinet reshuffle in Chile, Rodrigo Hinzpeter was appointed defence minister and Andrés Chadwick interior minister. In the Netherlands, Mark Rutte s newgovernmentwasswornin. Frans Timmermans became foreign minister, Jeanine Hennis- Plasschaert defence minister, Jeroen Dijsselbloem finance minister and Ronald Plasterk interior minister. Prince Muhammad bin Nayef was appointed interior minister of Saudi Arabia by King Abdullah. In the second round of presidential elections in Palau, Tommy Remengesau was elected president with 58 0% of the vote. He defeated incumbent leader Johnson Toribiong. In Russia, following the dismissal of Anatoly Serdyukov, Sergey Shoigu was named defence minister. Barack Obama was re-elected in the US presidential elections with 50 9% of the vote and 332 electoral college votes; the Republican candidate Mitt Romney received 47 3% of the vote and 206 electoral votes. CIA director David Petraeus resigned. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Nebojša Radmanović took over the eight-month rotating presidency chairmanship. Week beginning 11 November 2012 In parliamentary elections in San Marino, the San Marino Common Good coalition won 35 of 60 seats with 50 7% of the vote; the Agreement for the Country coalition won 12 with 22 3%; the Active Citizenship coalition 9 with 16 1%; and the Network Civic Movement 4 with 6 3%. Turnout was 63 8%. A new cabinet was announced two weeks later with Pasquale Valentini as foreign minister, Giancarlo Venturini as interior minister and Claudio Felici as finance minister. Xi Jinping was elected General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party and consequently new president. Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan and Zhang Gaoli were also chosen as members of the country s principal decision making body, the Standing Committee of the Politburo. In Somalia, Abdi Farah Shirdon s government was sworn in. Fowsiyo Yusuf Haji Adan became foreign minister, Abdihakim Mohamoud Haji defence minister, Mohamoud Hassan Suleiman finance minister and Abdikarim Hussein Guled interior minister. Presidential and parliamentary elections were held in Sierra Leone. The incumbent president Ernest Bai Koroma was reelected with 58 7% of the vote. In parliamentary elections, the All People s Congress won 67 of 124 seats with 53 7% of the vote and the Sierra Leone People s Party 42 with 38 3%; 12 seats were allocated for elected chiefs. Week beginning 18 November 2012 In Poland, the vice prime minister and minister of economy Waldemar Pawlak resigned. Two weeks later Janusz Piechocinski took over both posts. Sato Kilman was re-elected prime minister of Vanuatu. He named Charlot Salwai finance minister and Toara Daniel Kalo internal affairs minister; Alfred Carlot remained foreign minister. In Côte d Ivoire, following the dismissal of Jeannot Ahoussou- Kouadio s government, Daniel Kablan Duncan was appointed prime minister. The cabinet subsequently named included Charles Koffi Diby as foreign minister, Hamed Bakayoko as interior minister and Paul Koffi Koffi as defence minister. In a government reshuffle in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Zekerijah Osmić became defence minister. Algirdas Butkevičius took office as the prime minister of Lithuania. The new cabinet was announced two weeks later with Linas Antanas Linkevičiusasforeignminister,RimantasŠadžius as finance minister, Dailis Alfonsas Barakauskas as interior minister and Juozas Bernatonis as justice minister. Week beginning 25 November 2012 Following the resignation of Ecuador s defence minister Miguel Carvajal, María Fernanda Espinosa was sworn in as his successor. Francis Zammit Dimech was named foreign minister of Malta. In a cabinet reshuffle in Ethiopia, Tedros Adhanom was appointed foreign minister. In North Korea, Kim Kyok-sik replaced Kim Jong-gak as defence minister. Palestine was granted non-member observer status in the United Nations. Enrique Peña Nieto took office as president of Mexico. His cabinet included José Antonio Meade as foreign minister, Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong as interior minister and Gen. Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda as defence minister. Week beginning 2 December 2012 In parliamentary elections in Burkina Faso, the Congress for Democracy and Progress won 70 of 127 seats; the Alliance for Democracy and Federation African Democratic Rally 19; and the Union for Progress and Change 19. Turnout was 76 0%. In Montenegro, Milo Đukanović s government was sworn in. Igor Lukšić became deputy prime minister and foreign minister, Radoje Žugić finance minister and Raško Konjević interior minister. Milica Pejanović continued as defence minister. In the second round of presidential elections in Slovenia, Borut Pahor was elected president with 67 4% of the vote. He defeated incumbent Danilo Türk. Pahor was sworn in three weeks later. In a major government reshuffle in Namibia, Hage Geingob was appointed prime minister, Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah foreign minister and Nahas Angula defence minister. Untoni Nujoma was named justice minister and Pendukeni Iivula-Iithana home affairs minister. In the presidential elections in Ghana, John Dramani Mahama of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) ensured victory in the first round with 50 7% of the vote. He defeated Nana Akufo-Addo of the New Patriotic Party (NPP), who received 47 7%. Turnout was 79 4%. In parliamentary elections held simultaneously, the NDC won 148 of 275 seats and the NPP 123. Turnout was 80 0%. Week beginning 9 December 2012 In parliamentary elections in Romania, the Social Liberal Union (USL) alliance won 273 of 412 seats with 58 6% of the vote in the Chamber of Deputies; the Right Romania Alliance won 56 with 16 5%; and the People s Party Dan Diaconescu 47 with 14 0%. Turnout was 41 7%. Two weeks later Victor Ponta s cabinetwas sworn in with Daniel Chiţoiu as deputy prime minister and

8 1520 CHRONOLOGY finance minister and Radu Stroe as interior minister. Mircea Duşa became defence minister while Titus Corlăţean continued as foreign minister. In São Tomé e Príncipe, following the dismissal of Patrice Trovoada s cabinet, Gabriel Arcanjo da Costa was appointed prime minister. Two days later a new government took office including Natália Pedro da Costa Umbelina Neto as foreign minister, Óscar Aguiar Sacramento e Sousa as interior and defence minister and Hélio Silva Vaz d Almeida as finance minister. In Estonia, following the resignation of justice minister Kristen Michal, Hanno Pevkur took over the portfolio. In Mali, Diango Cissoko was appointed prime minister following the forced resignation of Cheick Modibo Diarra by the military. Subsequently a new cabinet was announced with no changes in key portfolios. In a cabinet reshuffle in Czech Republic, Karolina Peake was named defence minister. She was dismissed a week later and prime minister Petr Nečas provisionally took over the portfolio. In Israel, Binyamin Netanyahu became the acting foreign minister following the resignation of Avigdor Lieberman. Week beginning 16 December 2012 In parliamentary elections in Japan, the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) won 294 of 480 seats with 43 0% of the singleseat constituency vote; the ruling Democratic Party (DPJ) 57 with 22 8%; and the Restoration Party (JRP) 54 with 11 6%. Turnout was 59 3%, the lowest since the Second World War. Two weeks later Shinzo Abe was elected prime minister for a second time. He formed a cabinet with Fumio Kishida as foreign minister, Itsunori Onodera as defence minister, Yoshitaka Shindo as internal affairs minister and Taro Aso as finance minister. In presidential elections in South Korea, Park Geun-hye was elected president with 51 6% of the vote. Turnout was 75 8%. Elyes Fakhfakh was appointed finance minister of Tunisia. Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti resigned following the passage of the 2013 budget. Week beginning 23 December 2012 In Ukraine, Mykola Azarov was reappointed as prime minister following his resignation a few weeks earlier. A new cabinet was appointed by president Viktor Yanukovych including Leonid Kozhara as foreign minister and Pavlo Lebedev as defence minister. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. President Mohamed Morsy ratified the new constitution of Egypt. The constitution had been approved in the previous weeks by the Egyptian people in a two-stage referendum. Week beginning 30 December 2012 Ueli Maurer took office as president of Switzerland. The US Senate passed a last-minute deal averting the so-called fiscal cliff, a combination of dramatic spending cuts and tax increases mandated to come into effect in January The agreement involved delaying federal budget cuts for two months and returning to Bill Clinton-era tax rates for top earners of 39 6% for individuals earning US$400,000 and above and households earning US$450,000 and above. In Burkina Faso, Luc Adolphe Tiao s government was sworn in. Dramane Yaméogo became justice minister; other key portfolios remained unchanged. In a cabinet reshuffle in Sierra Leone, Joseph B. Dauda was named internal affairs minister, Samura Kamara foreign minister and Kaifala Marah finance minister. Week beginning 6 January 2013 In a cabinet reshuffle in Egypt, Gen. Mohamed Ibrahim became interior minister and El-Morsi Hegazy finance minister. In Guatemala, foreign minister Harold Caballeros resigned. A week later Fernando Carrera took over the portfolio. Mohamed Abdulaziz was appointed acting foreign minister of Libya by prime minister Ali Zeidan. Week beginning 13 January 2013 Elías Jaua was named foreign minister of Venezuela. Tommy Remengesau was sworn in as the president of Palau. Nicolas Tiangaye took office as the prime minister of the Central African Republic. A new cabinet was announced two weeks later with Michel Djotodia as defence minister, Parfait-Anicet M bay as foreignaffairsministerandenochderantlakouéaseconomy minister. Over 800 people were held hostage at a gas facility near In Amenas in Algeria. Following a siege lasting several days, Algerian special forces launched an attack on the site in order to free the hostages; the assault ending the crisis resulted in the death of around 80 people. Week beginning 20 January 2013 Barack Obama was sworn in for his second term as the president of the United States. In Chad, Djimrangar Dadnadji was appointed prime minister following the resignation of Emmanuel Nadingar. Subsequently a cabinet was announced including Atteib Habib Doutoum as finance minister and Abdoulaye Sabre Fadoul as justice minister. In a cabinet reshuffle in Haiti, David Bazile was appointed interior minister. In parliamentary elections in Israel, Likud Yisrael Beiteinu (an alliance of Likud and Yisrael Beiteinu) won 31 of 120 seats with 23 3% of the votes cast; the Yesh Atid won 19 with 14 3%; the Labour Party won 15 with 11 4%; the Jewish Home won 12 with 9 1%; and Shas won 11 with 8 8%. Turnout was 67 8%. Muammer Güler was appointed interior minister in a cabinet reshuffle in Turkey. In the second round of the Czech Republic s first ever direct presidential elections, Miloš Zeman was elected president with 54 8% of the vote to Karel Schwarzenberg s 45 2%. There had been nine candidates in the first round two weeks earlier. Turnout was 61 3% in the first round and 59 1% in the second. Week beginning 27 January 2013 President Morsy declared a 30-day state of emergency and curfew inthreesuezcanalprovinceshithardestbyawaveofviolent protests sparked by the second anniversary of the Egyptian revolution. Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands announced her abdication as of 30 April with her eldest son, Prins Willem-Alexander, becoming the country s first king since In Slovenia, following the resignation of ministers of finance and justice, prime minister Janez Janša temporarily took over the finance portfolio and Zvonko Černač became the acting justice minister. John Kerry succeeded Hillary Clinton as the United States Secretary of State.

9 CHRONOLOGY 1521 A new cabinet took office in Ghana with Hanna Tetteh as foreign minister and Seth Terkper as finance minister. Week beginning 3 February 2013 In parliamentary elections in Liechtenstein, the Progressive Citizens Party (FBP) won 10 of 25 seats with 40 0% of the vote; the Patriotic Union (VU) won 8 with 33 5%; the Independents won 4 with 15 3%; and the Free List (FL) won 3 with 11 1%. Turnout was 79 8%. Reckya Madougou became minister of justice in a cabinet reshuffle in Benin. In a cabinet reshuffle in St Kitts and Nevis, Dr Earl Asim Martin was appointed deputy prime minister and Patrice Nisbett foreign minister. Ismail Ismail was named finance minister in a cabinet reshuffle in Syria. Other key portfolios remained unchanged. Week beginning 10 February 2013 In parliamentary elections in Monaco, Horizon Monaco won 20 of 24 seats with 50 3% of the vote; the Monegasque Union won 3 with 39 0%; and Renaissance won one seat with 10 7%. Turnout was 74 5%. Pope Benedict XVI announced that he would resign at the end of the month, citing health reasons. Anthony Carmona was elected president of Trinidad and Tobago. Week beginning 17 February 2013 In presidential elections in Ecuador, Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado was re-elected with 57 2% of the vote against 22 7% for Guillermo Lasso. There were six other candidates. In parliamentary elections, Alianza PAIS won 100 of 137 seats with 52 3% of the vote and Creating Opportunities 11 with 11 4%. Six other parties also won seats. In presidential elections in Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan was reelected with 58 6% of the vote. He defeated Raffi Hovannisian. Turnout was 60 1%. Protests over alleged electoral fraud followed. Jiang Yi-huah took office as prime minister of Taiwan. His cabinet included Mao Chi-Kuo as deputy premier and Chang Chia-juch as economic affairs minister. Lin Yung-lo remained foreign minister. In a cabinet reshuffle in Chad, Ali Mahamat Zene Ali Fadel became interior minister and Issa Ali Taher economy minister. In parliamentary elections in Grenada, New National Party won all 15 seats taking 60 0% of the vote; the ruling National Democratic Congress failed to obtain any seats despite taking 39 3%. Turnout was 85 0%. Keith Mitchell was sworn in as prime minister the following day. In Pakistan, following the resignation of finance minister Abdul Hafeez Shaikh, Saleem Mandviwalla took over his portfolio. In Tunisia, the government of prime minister Hamadi Jebali resigned after failing to reshape the government as a response to a political crisis. The crisis was sparked by the assassination of opposition leader Chokri Belaid earlier in the month. In Bulgaria, the government of prime minister Boyko Borisov resigned following nationwide street protests against austerity measures and high electricity prices. In parliamentary elections in Barbados, the ruling Democratic Labour Party won 16 of 30 seats with 51 3% of the vote and the Barbados Labour Party won 14 with 48 3%. A week later prime minister Freundel Stuart announced his cabinet with no change in key portfolios. In parliamentary elections in Djibouti, the Union for a Presidential Majority won 43 of 65 seats with 61 5% of the vote; the Union for National Salvation won 21 seats with 35 6%; the Centre of Unified Democrats took one seat with 3 0%. Turnout was 69 2%. The opposition rejected the result and claimed that the vote was rigged. Abdylda Suranchiyev was appointed interior minister of Kyrgyzstan. Week beginning 24 February 2013 In the second round of presidential elections in Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiadies was elected with 57 5% of the vote against 42 5% for Stavros Malas. Anastasiadies and his all male cabinet were sworn in a week later. In parliamentary elections in Italy, Pier Luigi Bersani s centre-left coalition won 345 of 630 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (including the Democratic Party with 297 seats), former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi s centre-right coalition 125 (including People of Freedom, 98), Beppe Grillo s Five Star Movement 109 and Prime Minister Mario Monti s coalition 47. In the Senate, Bersani s coalition won 123 of 315 seats (including the Democratic Party 111), Berlusconi s coalition 117 (including People of Freedom 98), the Five Star Movement 54 and Monti 19. Park Geun-hye was sworn in as the president of South Korea. In a cabinet reshuffle in Poland, Jan-Vincent Rostowski became deputy prime minister and finance minister. Bartlomiej Sienkiewicz was named interior minister. Claver Gatete was named finance minister of Rwanda. In Panama, following the resignation of Rómulo Roux, Fernando Núñez Fábrega took over as foreign minister. In the USA, Charles Chuck Hagel and Jacob Jack Lew were sworn in as defence secretary and treasury secretary respectively. In Zambia, Effron Lungu was appointed foreign minister following the dismissal of Given Lubinda. Week beginning 3 March 2013 The government of Grenada was sworn in with the finance, national security and home affairs portfolios assigned to prime minister Keith Mitchell. Elvin Nimrod was named deputy premier and Nickolas Steele foreign affairs minister. In presidential elections in Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta was elected with 50 1% of the vote against 43 3% for Raila Odinga. There were six other candidates. In parliamentary elections Uhuru Kenyatta s Jubileealliancewon167seats(ofwhichTheNationalAlliance won 89); Raila Odinga s Coalition for Reforms and Democracy alliance, 141 (of which the Orange Democratic Movement won 96); and Musalia Mudavadi s Amani coalition, 24 (of which the United Democratic Forum won 12). Five other parties also won seats. In Belgium, following the resignation of finance minister Steven Vanackere, Koen Geens took over his portfolio. Only non-partisans were elected in parliamentary elections in Micronesia. Mihály Varga became the finance minister of Hungary. Miloš Zeman was sworn in as the president of the Czech Republic. John Brennan was sworn in as the director of the CIA. Following the death of Hugo Chávez, Venezuela s vice president Nicolás Maduro took over as president. Jorge Arreaza was named vice president.

10 1522 CHRONOLOGY In parliamentary elections in Malta, the opposition Labour Party (MLP) won 39 of 69 seats with 54 8% of votes cast and the Nationalist Party (NP) won 30 with 43 3%. Week beginning 10 March 2013 Gerald Klug was appointed defence minister of Austria. A caretaker government in Bulgaria took office with Marin Raykov as prime minister and minister of foreign affairs, Petya Purvanova as interior minister, Todor Tagarev as defence minister and Kalin Hristov as finance minister. The papal conclave elected Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio to the papacy.hebecamepopefrancisandwasinauguratedaweek later as the 266th Supreme Pontiff. In Tunisia, Ali Larayedh was sworn in as caretaker prime minister. His cabinet took office the following day including Rachid Sabagh as defence minister and Lotfi Ben Jeddou as interior minister. Abdul Hamid was appointed acting president of Bangladesh as incumbent Zillur Rahman underwent medical treatment abroad. Rahman died a week later in Singapore after a long illness. Xi Jinping was elected president of China by the National People s Congress. Li Yuanchao became vice president and Li Keqiang premier. Khil Raj Regmi took office as interim prime minister of Nepal. He subsequently named his cabinet with Shankar Koirala as finance minister; Madhav Prasad Ghimire took over the foreign affairs and interior portfolios. Week beginning 17 March 2013 In South Korea, president Park Geun-hye appointed Yun Byungse as foreign minister, Hwang Kyo-ahn as justice minister and Bahk Jae-wan as finance minister. The cabinet list was finalized a week later when Kim Kwan-jin was appointed defence minister. Binyamin Netanyahu was sworn in for his third term as the prime minister of Israel. Netanyahu also took on the foreign affairs portfolio. Moshe Ya alon became defence minister, Gideon Sa ar interior minister and Yair Lapid finance minister. Vlastimil Picek was appointed defence minister of Czech Republic. Alenka Bratušek was sworn in as the prime minister of Slovenia. Her cabinet included Karl Erjavec as foreign minister, Roman Jakič as defence minister, Uroš Čufer as finance minister and Gregor Virant as interior minister. In Lebanon, the government of Najib Mikati resigned but stayed on in a caretaker capacity. Following the resignation of Sato Kilman, Moana Carcasses Kalosil became the new prime minister of Vanuatu. His cabinet included Edward Natapei as foreign minister, Willie Jimmy Tapangararua as finance minister and Patrick Crowby as interior minister. Week beginning 24 March 2013 Mir Hazar Khan Khoso was sworn in as caretaker prime minister of Pakistan. A week later Malik Habib was appointed interior minister. In Italy, foreign minister Giulio Terzi resigned. François Bozizé, the president of the Central African Republic, was forced to flee the country as the Séléka rebel coalition under the leadership of Michel Djotodia took control of the capital. Nicolas Tiangaye was reappointed prime minister and a transition government was subsequently named with Djotodia as defence minister, Charles Armel Doubane as foreign minister and Georges Bozanga as finance minister. Adrian Hasler took office as the prime minister and finance minister of Liechtenstein. His cabinet included Thomas Zwiefelhofer as interior and justice minister with Aurelia Frick remaining foreign minister. Week beginning 31 March 2013 Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed was sworn in as the prime minister of Djibouti. Hassan Darar Houffaneh was appointed defence minister and Hassan Omar Mohamed interior minister. Mahamoud Ali Youssouf remained foreign minister and Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh finance minister. Pak Pong-ju was appointed prime minister of North Korea. Antonella Mularoni and Denis Amici were inaugurated as captains regent of San Marino. In Cyprus, following the resignation of finance minister Michalis Sarris, Charis Georgiadis took over his portfolio. Aldo Bumçi was appointed foreign minister in a cabinet reshuffle in Albania. The world at your fingertips at

11 STATESMAN S YEARBOOK SELECT SOURCES The Statesman s Yearbook references the following sources to maintain accuracy and currency of information contained in our database: 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings ( Global-Go-To-Think-Tanks-Report_FINAL-VERSION.pdf) United Nations Statistical Yearbook ( Euromonitor International Marketing Data and Statistics ( United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report ( United Nations World Population Prospects ( United Nations World Urbanization Prospects ( United Nations Demographic Yearbook ( Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Yearbook ( International Institute of Strategic Studies Military Balance ( International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook ( Selected International Monetary Fund Reports Selected European Union Reports Eurostat ( Selected World Bank Reports Selected World Trade Organization Reports International Monetary Fund Government Finance Statistics Yearbook ( ProdDetails.asp?ID=GYIEA &PG=1&Type=BL) World Investment Report ( United Nations Energy Statistics Yearbook ( BP Statistical Review of World Energy ( Food and Agricultural Organization Forest Products Yearbook ( Food and Agricultural Organization Fishery Statistics Capture Production ( global-capture-production/en) United Nations Industrial Commodity Statistics Yearbook ( International Labour Organization Statistics ( United Nations International Trade Statistics Yearbook ( International Road Federation World Road Statistics ( International Railway Statistics ( Railway Directory ( Selected Airports Council International Reports ( Shipping Statistics Yearbook ( International Telecommunication Union Yearbook of Statistics ( UNESCO Institute for Statistics ( document.aspx?reportid=143&if_language=eng) Religious Trends No 7 World Health Statistics ( World Association of Newspapers World Press Trends ( National and regional statistical offices and yearbooks, government departments and international organizations throughout the world Selected print and online national and international news media 1523

12 ABBREVIATIONS ACP Adm. Adv. a.i. African Caribbean Pacific Admiral Advocate ad interim b. born bbls barrels bd board bn. billion (one thousand million) Brig. Brigadier bu. bushel Capt. Cdr CFA CFP CGT c.i.f. C.-in-C. CIS cm Co. Cres. cu. CUP cwt Captain Commander Communauté Financière Africaine Comptoirs Français du Pacifique compensated gross tonnes cost, insurance, freight Commander-in-Chief Commonwealth of Independent States centimetre(s) County Crescent cubic Cambridge University Press hundredweight D. Democratic Party DWT dead weight tonnes EEA EEZ EMS EMU ERM est. f.o.b. FDI ft FTE G8 Group GDP Gdns Gen. GNI GNP GRT GT GW GWh ha. HDI European Economic Area Exclusive Economic Zone European Monetary System European Monetary Union Exchange Rate Mechanism estimate free on board foreign direct investment foot/feet full-time equivalent Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK, USA, Russia gross domestic product Gardens General gross national income gross national product gross registered tonnes gross tonnes gigawatt gigawatt hours hectare(s) Human Development Index ind. ICT ISO K kg kl km kw kwh lat. lb Lieut. long. independent(s) information and communication technology International Organization for Standardization (domain names) kindergarten kilogramme(s) kilolitre(s) kilometre(s) kilowatt kilowatt hours latitude pound(s) (weight) Lieutenant longitude m. million Maj. Major MW megawatt MWh megawatt hours NA n.e.c. NRT NT NTSC OUP oz PAYE PPP not available not elsewhere classified net registered tones net tonnes National Television System Committee (525 lines 60 fields) Oxford University Press ounce(s) Pay-As-You-Earn Purchasing Power Parity R. Republican Party Rd Road retd retired Rt Hon. Right Honourable SADC Southern African Development Community SDR Special Drawing Rights sq. square St. Street SSI Supplemental Security Income TAFE technical and further education TEU twenty-foot equivalent units trn. trillion (one million million) TV television Univ. University VAT value-added tax v.f.d. value for duty 1524

13 CURRENT LEADERS INDEX Abdel Aziz, Gen. Mohamed Ould (Mauritania) 844 Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah, King (Malaysia) 823 Abdullah, King (Saudi Arabia) Abdullah II, King (Jordan) Abe, Shinzo (Japan) Abela, George (Malta) 836 Áder, János (Hungary) 587 Afewerki, Issaias (Eritrea) 437 Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud (Iran) Albert II, Prince (Monaco) Aliyev, Ilham (Azerbaijan) Altankhuyag, Norov (Mongolia) 869 Amici, Denis (San Marino) 1062 Anastasiades, Nicos (Cyprus) Ansip, Andrus (Estonia) Anthony, Kenny (St Lucia) 1053 Aquino III, Benigno (Philippines) 990 Assad, Bashar al- (Syria) Atambayev, Almazbek (Kyrgyzstan) 762 Ayma, Evo Morales (Bolivia) Ayrault, Jean-Marc (France) 471 Azarov, Mykola (Ukraine) 1254 Bainimarama, Josaia Voreqe (Fiji Islands) Ban Ki-moon (United Nations) 6 7 Banda, Joyce (Malaŵi) 817 Barroso, José Manuel (European Commission) 31 Barrow, Dean (Belize) 205 Băsescu, Traian (Romania) Bashir, Field Marshal Omar Hassan Ahmed al- (Sudan) Berdymukhammedov, Gurbanguly (Turkmenistan) 1239 Berisha, Dr Sali (Albania) 91 Bērziņš, Andris (Latvia) 771 Biya, Paul (Cameroon) Bongo Ondimba, Ali-Ben (Gabon) Bolkiah, Sultan Hassanal (Brunei) 240 Boni, Yayi (Benin) 209 Bouteflika, Abdelaziz (Algeria) 97 Bouterse, Dési (Suriname) 1165 Bratušek, Alenka (Slovenia) 1108 Butkevičius, Algirdas (Lithuania) Cameron, David (United Kingdom) Carcasses Kalosil, Moana (Vanuatu) 1480 Carmona, Anthony (Trinidad and Tobago) 1222 Castro Ruz, Raúl (Cuba) Cavaco Silva, Aníbal (Portugal) Chan, Dr Margaret (World Health Organization) 23 Chinchilla Miranda, Laura (Costa Rica) 363 Choummaly Sayasone, Lieut.-Gen. (Laos) 766 Christie, Perry (Bahamas) 174 Coelho, Pedro Passos (Portugal) 1009 Compaoré, Blaise (Burkina Faso) 250 Condé, Alpha (Guinea) 565 Correa Delgado, Rafael Vicente (Ecuador) 419 Dabwido, Sprent (Nauru) 895 Déby, Lieut.-Gen. Idriss (Chad) 311 Delgado, Rafael Vicente Correa (Ecuador) 419 Desalegn, Hailemariam (Ethiopia) Dhoinine, Ikililou (Comoros) 351 Di Rupo, Elio (Belgium) 199 Djotodia, Michel (Central African Republic) 307 Dombrovskis, Valdis (Latvia) 771 Douglas, Dr Denzil L. (St Kitts and Nevis) Dramani Mahama, John (Ghana) 546 Dung, Nguyen Tan (Vietnam) Elbegdorj, Tsakhiagiin (Mongolia) 869 Erdoğan, Recep Tayyip (Turkey) Faymann, Werner (Austria) 163 Fernández de Kirchner, Cristina (Argentina) 115 Fico, Robert (Slovakia) Fischer, Dr Heinz (Austria) 162 Fogh Rasmussen, Anders (NATO) 54 Fonseca, Jorge Carlos (Cape Verde) 303 Francis, Pope (Vatican City State) Franco, Federico (Paraguay) 979 Funes Cartagena, Mauricio (El Salvador) 429 Gašparovič, Ivan (Slovakia) 1102 Gauck, Joachim (Germany) Geun-hye, Park (South Korea) 752 Gillard, Julia (Australia) Gnassingbé, Faure (Togo) Gonsalves, Dr Ralph E. (St Vincent and the Grenadines) 1056 Grímsson, Ólafur Ragnar (Iceland) 594 Grybauskaitė, Dalia (Lithuania) 798 Guebuza, Armando (Mozambique) 882 Guelleh, Ismail Omar (Djibouti) 408 Gül, Abdullah (Turkey) Gusmão, Xanana (Timor-Leste) Habumuremyi, Pierre Damien (Rwanda) Hadi, Abdo Rabu Mansour al- (Yemen) 1498 Hailemariam Desalegn (Ethiopia) Hamad, Sheikh bin Isa Al-Khalifa (Bahrain) 178 Hamad, Sheikh bin Khalifa Al Thani (Qatar) 1014 Hans-Adam II, Prince (Liechtenstein) 794 Harper, Stephen (Canada) Hasina Wajed, Sheikh (Bangladesh) 183 Higgins, Michael (Ireland) 679 Hollande, François (France) Humala Tasso, Ollanta Moisés (Peru) 984 Hun Sen (Cambodia) Ilves, Toomas (Estonia) 442 Issoufou, Mahamadou (Niger) Ivanov, Gjorgje (Macedonia) 809 Jammeh, Yahya (Gambia) 500 Jayaratne, Dissanayake Mudiyansalage (Sri Lanka) 1153 Jinping, Xi (China) Johnson-Sirleaf, Ellen (Liberia) Jonathan, Goodluck (Nigeria) 940 Jong Un, Kim (North Korea) 746 Josipović, Ivo (Croatia) 372 Juncker, Jean-Claude (Luxembourg)

14 1526 CURRENT LEADERS INDEX Kabila, Joseph (Congo, Dem. Rep.) 355 Kagame, Paul (Rwanda) 1046 Kalosil, Moana Carcasses (Vanuatu) 1480 Karimov, Islam (Uzbekistan) Karzai, Hamid (Afghanistan) 85 6 Katainen, Jyrki (Finland) 460 Kenny, Enda (Ireland) Kenyatta, Uhuru (Kenya) 736 Keqiang, Li (China) 326 Key, John (New Zealand) 920 Khalifa, Sheikh bin Zayed al-nahyan (United Arab Emirates) 1260 Khalifa, Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al- (Bahrain) 178 Khama, Lieut.-Gen. Seretse Khama Ian (Botswana) 226 Khamenei, Ayatollah Seyed Ali (Iran) Ki-moon, Ban (United Nations) 6 7 Kiir Mayardit, Salva (South Sudan) Kikwete, Jakaya (Tanzania) Kim, Jim Yong (World Bank) 15 Kim Jong Un (North Korea) 746 Kirchner, Cristina Fernández de (Argentina) 115 Komorowski, Bronisław (Poland) 999 Koroma, Ernest Bai (Sierra Leone) Lagarde, Christine (IMF) 19 Lee Hsien Loong (Singapore) Letta, Enrico (Italy) 704 Li Keqiang (China) 326 Lilo, Gordon Darcy (Solomon Islands) 1112 Lobo Sosa, Porfirio (Honduras) 580 Loeak, Christopher (Marshall Islands) Loong, Lee Hsien (Singapore) Lukashenka, Alyaksandr (Belarus) Maduro, Nicolás (Venezuela) 1486 Magariaf, Mohamed (Libya) 790 Mahama, John Dramani (Ghana) 546 Malielegaoi, Tuila epa Sailele (Samoa) 1059 Maliki, Nouri al- (Iraq) Martelly, Michel (Haiti) 576 Martí, Antoni (Andorra) Martinelli Berrocal, Ricardo (Panama) Marzouki, Moncef (Tunisia) Maurer, Ueli (Switzerland) 1184 Mbasogo, Brig.-Gen. Teodoro Obiang Nguema (Equatorial Guinea) Medina Sánchez, Danilo (Dominican Republic) 414 Medvedev, Dmitry (Russia) 1031 Merkel, Angela (Germany) Michel, James (Seychelles) 1087 Mikati, Najib (Lebanon) 777 Milanović, Zoran (Croatia) Mitchell, Keith (Grenada) 558 Mohammed VI, King (Morocco) 878 Mohamud, Hassan Sheikh (Somalia) Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (Malaysia) Morales Ayma, Evo (Bolivia) Mori, Immanuel (Micronesia) Morsy, Mohamed (Egypt) 424 Mswati III, King (Swaziland) 1169 Mugabe, Robert (Zimbabwe) Mujica, José Alberto (Uruguay) Mukherjee, Pranab (India) 606 Mularoni, Antonella (San Marino) Muscat, Joseph (Malta) 836 Museveni, Yoweri (Uganda) Nahyan, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al- (United Arab Emirates) 1260 Nailatikau, Ratu Epeli (Fiji Islands) 452 Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Dato Sri Haji Mohd (Malaysia) Nazarbayev, Nursultan (Kazakhstan) Nečas, Petr (Czech Republic) 392 Netanyahu, Binyamin (Israel) Nguyen Phu Trong (Vietnam) 1492 Nguyen Tan Dung (Vietnam) Nhamadjo, Manuel Serifo (Guinea-Bissau) 569 Niinistö, Sauli (Finland) Nikolić, Tomislav (Serbia) 1081 Nishani, Bujar (Albania) 90 Nkurunziza, Pierre (Burundi) Obama, Barack (United States of America) Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Brig.-Gen. Teodoro (Equatorial Guinea) O Neill, Peter (Papua New Guinea) Orbán, Viktor (Hungary) Ortega Saavedra, José Daniel (Nicaragua) Ouattara, Alassane (Côte d Ivoire) 368 Ould Abdel Aziz, Gen. Mohamed (Mauritania) 844 Pahor, Borut (Slovenia) Papoulias, Karolos (Greece) 552 Park Geun-hye (South Korea) 752 Passos Coelho, Pedro (Portugal) 1009 Peña Nieto, Enrique (Mexico) Pérez Molina, Otto (Guatemala) 561 Persad-Bissessar, Kamla (Trinidad and Tobago) 1222 Piñera Echenique, Sebastián (Chile) Pinto da Costa, Manuel (São Tomé e Príncipe) 1065 Plevneliev, Rosen (Bulgaria) 245 Pohamba, Hifikepunye (Namibia) 891 Ponta, Victor (Romania) Putin, Vladimir (Russia) Qaboos bin Said, Sultan (Oman) 954 Radmanović, Nebojša (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Raikov, Marin (Bulgaria) 245 Rajapaksa, Mahinda (Sri Lanka) Rajoelina, Andry (Madagascar) Rajoy Brey, Mariano (Spain) Rakhmon, Emomalii (Tajikistan) 1196 Ramgoolam, Navin (Mauritius) 848 Ramotar, Donald (Guyana) 572 Rasizade, Artur (Azerbaijan) 169 Rasmussen, Anders Fogh (NATO) 54 Regmi, Khil Raj (Nepal) Reinfeldt, Fredrik (Sweden) 1175 Remengesau Jr, Tommy (Palau) Rompuy, Herman Van (European Union) 32 3 Rousseff, Dilma (Brazil) 233 Ruak, Taur Matan (Timor-Leste) 1211 Rutte, Mark (Netherlands) Saakashvili, Mikheil (Georgia) Saavedra, José Daniel Ortega (Nicaragua) 930 1

15 CURRENT LEADERS INDEX 1527 Sabah, Sheikh Sabah al-ahmed al- (Kuwait) 758 Said, Sultan Qaboos bin (Oman) 954 Sall, Macky (Senegal) Samaras, Antonis (Greece) Santos, José Eduardo dos (Angola) 106 Santos, Juan Manuel (Colombia) 346 Sargsyan, Serzh (Armenia) Sassou-Nguesso, Denis (Congo, Rep.) Sata, Michael (Zambia) Sayasone, Lieut.-Gen. Choummaly (Laos) 766 Sein, Thein (Myanmar) Sellal, Abdelmalek (Algeria) 98 Sen, Hun (Cambodia) Shinawatra, Yingluck (Thailand) 1206 Sigurðardóttir, Jóhanna (Iceland) Silva, Aníbal Cavaco (Portugal) Sima, Raymond Ndong (Gabon) 496 Simpson-Miller, Portia (Jamaica) 711 Singh, Manmohan (India) Skerrit, Roosevelt (Dominica) 411 Spencer, Baldwin (Antigua and Barbuda) Stoltenberg, Jens (Norway) 947 Stuart, Freundel (Barbados) Suleiman, Gen. Michel (Lebanon) 777 Talabani, Jalal (Iraq) 671 Telavi, Willy (Tuvalu) Thabane, Tom Motsoahae (Lesotho) 781 Thani, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al (Qatar) 1014 Thein Sein (Myanmar) Thinley, Jigme (Bhutan) 213 Thorning-Schmidt, Helle (Denmark) Timofti, Nicolae (Moldova) 862 Tong, Anote (Kiribati) 741 Traoré, Dioncounda (Mali) Trong, Nguyen Phu (Vietnam) 1492 Tsvangirai, Morgan (Zimbabwe) Tu ivakano, Lord (Tonga) 1219 Tusk, Donald (Poland) Van Rompuy, Herman (European Union) 32 3 Vujanović, Filip (Montenegro) 874 Waheed Hassan, Mohammed (Maldives) 829 Wajed, Sheikh Hasina (Bangladesh) 183 Williams, Eliud (Dominica) Xi Jinping (China) Yadav, Ram Baran (Nepal) 898 Yanukovych, Viktor (Ukraine) 1253 Yingluck Shinawatra (Thailand) 1206 Yong Kim, Jim (World Bank) 15 Yudhoyono, Susilo Bambang (Indonesia) Zardari, Asif Ali (Pakistan) 960 Zeidan, Ali (Libya) 790 Zeman, Miloš (Czech Republic) Zuma, Jacob (South Africa) 1123 Explore the world at

16 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX A Aachen 514, 523, 537 Aalborg 397, 401, 402, 403 Aalst 197 Aargau 1182, 1187 Aarhus 397, 401, 402, 403 Aarlen see Arlon Aba 939 Abaco 173, 175 Abaiang 740 Abakaliki 939 Abakan 1041 Abancay 983 Abariringa see Kanton Abbotsford 270, 281, 283 Abbottabad 1348 Abéché 310, 313 Abemama 740 Abengourou 367 Abeokuta 937, 939 Aberdeen (Scotland) 1267, 1301, 1302, 1303, 1304 Aberdeen (South Dakota) 1442, 1443 Aberdeenshire 1301 Aberystwyth 1308 Abia 939 Abidjan 366, 367, 368, 369, 370 Abilene 1341, 1445, 1447 Abkhazia 502, 503, 505, 507 Abohar 637 Aboisso 367 Abomey 208, 211 Abqaiq 1070, 1072 Abruzzi 702 Abu Dhabi 1258, 1259, 1260, 1261, 1262 Abu Mena 427 Abuja 937, 939 Abyan 1497 Abyei 4, 1139, 1160 Açâba 843 Acajutla 431 Acapulco de Juárez 852 Accra 544, 545, 546, 547 Aceh 653 Achaia 550 Achalpur 631 Acklins 173 Acre (Brazil) 231 Acre (Israel) 695 Ad-Dir iyah 1073 Ad-Diwaniyah 670 Ada 1434 Adabeya 426 Adam Smith Institute 74 Adamaoua 263 Italicized page numbers refer to extended entries Adamawa 938, 943 Adamstown 1330 Adana 1231, 1236 Addis Ababa 446, 447, 449 Adelaide 124, 125, 126, 132, 135, 139, 145, 147 Aden 43, 1497, 1498, 1500 Adi Ugri 436 Adilabad 614, 615 Adıyaman 1231 Adjara 503, Ado-Ekiti 939 Adoni 615 Adrar (Algeria) 95 Adrar (Mauritania) 843 Adygeya Aegean Islands region (Greece) 550 Aeolian Islands 709 Aetolia and Acarnania 550 Afar 447 Afghanistan 39, 53, 83 8, 471, 1274, , 47, 51, 56, 67, 69, 70 African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries 29 African Development Bank 58 African Economic Research Consortium 74 African Export Import Bank 58 African Union 58 9 Afyonkarahisar 1231 Agadez 934 Agadir 877, 878, 879 Agalega 847 Agaña see Hagåtña Agartala 603, 612, 642 Agatti Island 650 Agboville 367 Agege 939 Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators 35 Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean 62 Aggeneys 1135 Aghios Nikolaos 550 Agnéby 367 Agra 603, 613, 623, 643, 644 Ağri 1231 Agrigento 709 Agrihan 1460 Aguascalientes 852 Aguijan 1460 Ahal 1238 Ahmadi Ahmadnagar 603 Ahmedabad 603, 609, 612, 622 Ahuachapán 428 Ahvaz 660 Ahvenanmaa see Åland Aichi 716 Aiken 1441 Ailinglaplap 841 Aїn Defla 95 Aїn Témouchent 95 Aїoun el Atrouss 843, 846 Airdrie (Alberta) 279 Aisén del Gral. Carlos Ibáñez del Campo 316 Ait-Ben-Haddou 880 Aitutaki 926 Aix-en-Provence 467, 468, 478 Aizawl 603, 612, 634 Ajaccio 467 Ajanta 613 Ajdabiya 789 Ajloun 725 Ajman 1258, 1259 Ajmer 603, 623, 638, 639 Akashi 716 Akershus 945 Akita 716 Akjoujt 843 Akmola see Astana Akola 603, 631, 632 Akouta 935 Akranes 593 Akron 1341, 1430, 1431 Akrotiri 44, 1318, 1333 Aksaray 1231 Aksaz-Karaağaç 1234 Aksum 449 Aktau 734 Akure 939 Akureyri 593, 597 Akwa Ibom 939 Akyab see Sittwe Al Ain 1259, 1262 Al-Ali 177 Al-Amarah 670 Al-Anbar 669, 670 Al Arish 423 Al-Ayn 956 Al Aziziyah 789 Al-Baidha 1497 Al-Basrah see Basra Al Bayda 789 Al Bustan 779 Al-Butnan 789 Al Daayen 1014 Al Damar 1158 Al Damazin 1158 Al-Dawr 669 Al-Dhale 1497 Al Fashir 1158 Al Ghardaqah 425 Al-Hijr see Madain Salih Al-Hillah 670 Al Hoceima 878 Al-Hodeidah 1497, 1498, 1500 Al Hums 789, 790 Al Jabal al Akhdar 789 Al Jabal al Gharbi 789 Al Jawf (Libya) 789 Al-Jawf (Yemen) 1497 Al-Jayli 1161 al-jaza ir see Algiers Al-Jifarah 789 Al-Jufrah 789 Al-Kamishli 1190 Al Kharija 423 Al Khour 1014 Al Khusus 423 Al-Kufrah 789 Al-Kut 668, 670 Al-Mahrah 1497 Al-Mahwit 1497 Al Marj 789 Al Marqab 789 Al-Muthanna 670 Al Obeid 1158 al Qadarif 1158 Al-Qadisiyah 670 Al Qal a of Beni Hammad 100 Al Rayyan 1014 Al Shamal 1014 Al Wahah 789 Al Wakra 1014 Alabama 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1350, 1358, Alagoas 231 Alajuela 362, 365 Alamagan 1460 Alamosa 1378 Åland 41, 457, 458 Alania see North Ossetia (Russia) Alaotra Mangoro 812 Alashankou 733 Alaska 1339, 1340, 1342, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1362, 1365, Álava 1142 Alba 1018 Alba Iulia 1018 Albacete 1142, 1143, 1147 Albania , 29, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 51, 52, 56 Albany (New York) 1424, 1425, 1426

17 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1529 Albany (Oregon) 1434 Albany (Western Australia) 153 Alberobello 708 Alberta 268, 270, 271, 273, 274, 277, 278, Albi 478 Albina 1164 Alborz 660 Albuquerque 1340, 1422, 1423 Alcalá de Henares 1143, 1149 Alcobendas 1143 Alcorcón 1143 Aldabra 1086, 1089, 1322 Aldeburgh 1295 Aldermaston 471, 1274 Alderney 1315, 1316, 1318 Aleg 843 Alegranza 1142 Alentejo 1007 Alentejo Central 1007 Alentejo Litoral 1007 Aleppo 1190, 1193, 1194 Ålesund 946 Alexander Bay 1135 Alexandria (Egypt) 422, 423, 425, 426, 427 Alexandria (Louisiana) 1401 Alexandria (Romania) 1018 Alexandria (Virginia) 1341, 1382, 1451 Alexandroupolis 550 Alfeld 524 Alfred 1426 Algarve 1007, 1011 Algeciras 1143, 1147 Algeria 53, and European organizations 29, 39, 40 18, 47, 51, 56, 58, 66, 70, 71, 72 Algiers 95, 96, 98, 99, 100 Alhucemas 1143 Ali-Sabieh 407 Alibori 208 Alicante 1142, 1143, 1147 Alice Springs 132, 138, 139, 147 Aligarh 603 Alipur Duar 645 Alkmaar 905 Allahabad 603, 608, 611, 612, 643, 644 Allentown 1341, 1436 Alma-Ata see Almaty Almada 1007, 1011, 1012 Almadén 1149 Almaty 730, 734 Almelo 905 Almere 905 Almería 1142, 1143, 1147 Alo 490 Alofi (Niue) 928 Alofi (Wallis and Futuna) 489 Alor Star 822, 826 Alost see Aalst Alotau 974 Alphen a/d Rijn 905 Alphonse 1086 Alsace 466, 467, 511, 512 Alta 951 Alta Verapaz 560 Altai 1036, 1038 Altamira 856 Alto Alentejo 1007 Alto Paraguay 978 Alto Paraná 978 Alto Trás-os-Montes 1007 Alva 1433 Alwar 603 Alytus 797 Am-Timam 310 Amadora 1007 Amagasaki 716 Amambay 978 Amapá 231 Amapala 580 Amarillo 1341, 1445 Amasya 1231 Amazonas (Brazil) 231 Amazonas (Colombia) 345 Amazonas (Peru) 983 Amazonas (Venezuela) 1485 Ambala 622, 623, 637 Ambala Sadar 622 Ambato 418 Ambatondrazaka 812 Ambohimanga 815 Ambon 653, 656 Ambositra 812 Ambovombe 812 Ambronay 478 Ambrym 1479 America see United States of America American Enterprise Institute 74 American Samoa 70, 1339, 1340, 1345, 1460, Amersfoort 905 Ames 1394, 1395 Amhara 447 Amherst (Massachusetts) 1406 Amherst (Nova Scotia) 288 Amiens 467, 468, 478 Amindivi Islands 640, 650 Amini Island 650 Amirante Isles 1086 Amman 725, 726, 727, 728 Amnesty International 42 Amoron i Mania 812 Ampang Jaya 822 Amparai 1151 Amphissa 550 Amran 1497 Amravati 603, 632 Amritsar 602, 603, 612, 637, 638 Amroha 643 Amstelveen 905 Amsterdam 902, 905, 908, 909, 910 Amsterdam Island 493 An Giang 1491 An-Najaf 670 An-Nasiriyah 670 An Nuqat Al Khams 789 Anadyr 1043 Anaheim 1340, 1374 Analamanga 812 Analanjirofo 812 Anambra 939 Anand 603, 621 Anantapur 603, 615, 616 Ancash 983 Anchorage (Alaska) 1340, 1368, 1369, 1399 Anchorage (Cook Islands) see Suwarrow Ancón 971 Ancona 702 Andalusia 1142 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 602, 605, 608, 612, 614, Andean Community 62 Andean Development Corporation 65 Andhra Pradesh 602, 603, 604, 610, 612, Andijon see Andizhan Andizhan 1475, 1477 Andorra , 37, 38, 39 in other organizations 7, 47 Andorra la Vella 101 Andover 1274 Andria 702 Andros 173 Androth Island 650 Androy 812 Anegada 1322 Aného 1217 Aneityum 1479 Angarpota 181 Angeles 989 Angers 467, 475, 477 Angkor 257, 261 Anglesey, Isle of 1306 Angola , 47, 58, 60, 61, 66, 72 Angoulême 468 Angra do Heroísmo 1012 Anguilla 44, 63, 64, 65, 1318, Angus 1301 Anhui 323, 332 Anjouan see Nzwani Ankara 1230, 1231, 1236 Ankeny 1394 Anklesvar 621 Ann Arbor 1341, 1407, 1408 Anna Regina 571 Annaba 95, 98, 99 Annamalainagar 641 Annapolis 1403 Annecy 468 Annemasse 468 Annobón 432 Anosy 812 Anping 342 Ansan 751 Ansari Nagar 650 Anse-la-Raye 1052 Anseba 436 Antalya 1231, 1234, 1236, 1237 Antananarivo 812, 813, 815 Anarctic Peninsula 1322 Antarctic Treaty 73 Antigua and Barbuda , 43, 47, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Antigua Guatemala 563 Antioch 1341 Antioquia 345 Antipodes Islands 918, 925 Antipolo 989 Antofagasta 316, 319 Antrim 1309 Antsirabe 812 Antsiranana 812, 815 Antsohihy 812 Antwerp 195, 196, 197, 202, 911 Antwerpen see Antwerp Anuradhapura 1150, 1151, 1156 Anvers see Antwerp Anyang 751 Anzoátegui 1485 Aoba 1479 Aomori 716, 723 Aozou Strip 310 Apapa 940 Apeldoorn 905 Apia 1058, 1060 Apodaca 852 Apolima 1058 Appenzell-Inner Rhoden 1182, 1183 Appenzell-Outer Rhoden 1182, 1183 Appleton 1456, 1458 Appomattox 1336 Apra Harbor 1465 Apulia 699 Apure 1485 Apurímac 983 Aqaba 725, 726, 727, 728 Aqmola 730 Aqtöbe 730 Aquitaine 465, 467 Ar-Ramadi 670 Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development 70 Arab Monetary Fund 71

18 1530 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Arab Organization for Agricultural Development 71 Aracaju 231 Arad 1018, 1022 Aragón 1140, 1142, 1149 Aragua 1485 Arak 660 Arakan see Rakhine Arakuvalley 615 Aranjuez 1149 Aranuka 740 Arauca 345 Arawa 974, 977 Arcade 1374 Arcadia 550 Arcot 641 Ardahan 1231 Ardabil 660, 665 Arden 1374 Ardglass 1281 Ards 1309 Arendal 946 Arequipa 983, 985, 987 Argenteuil 468 Argentia 288 Argentina , 18, 47, 58, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Argeş 1018 Argolis 550 Argostoli 550 Argovie see Aargau Argyle 1057 Argyll and Bute 1301 Ariamsvlei 893 Ariana 1226 Arica 316, 319, 982 Arica-Parinacota 316 Arima 1221 Arinsal 103 Arizona 1336, 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1357, 1358, 1362, 1364, Arkansas 1340, 1344, 1345, Arkhangelsk 1028 Arles 478 Arlington (Texas) 1340, 1445 Arlington (Virginia) 1341, 1382, 1451, 1452 Arlit 935, 936 Arlon 197 Armagh 1309 Armenia , 38, 39, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 44, 45, 47, 52, 56, 66, 67 Armenia (Colombia) 345 Armidale 143 Arnhem 905 Arnos Vale 1057 Arorae 740 Arrah 603, 618, 619 Arraiján 968 Arta (Djibouti) 407 Arta (Greece) 550 Artemisa 376 Artibonite 575 Artigas 1469 Artok 1481 Artvin 1231 Aruba 20, 62, Arunachal Pradesh 602, 604, 612, 614, 616 Arusha 1199 Arvada 1341, 1377 Aryanah see Ariana as-salimiya 757 As-Samawah 670 As-Sulaymaniyah 670, 674 Asaba 939 Asahikawa 716 Asansol 603, 646 Ascension Island 44, 1318, Ascot 1296 ASEAN 29, 68 Ash Shati 789 Ashanti 545 Ashdod 690, 692, 694 Ashgabat 1238 Ashiaman 545 Ashkhabad see Ashgabat Ashland (Oregon) 1436 Ashland (Virginia) 1452 Ashmore and Cartier Islands 44, 125, 155 Ashur 674 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 67 8 Asian Development Bank 55, 67, 69 Asmara 436, 438 Assab 436, 437, 439, 447 Assam 602, 604, 609, 610, 612, 614, Assen 905 Assisi 709 Association of Caribbean States 62 3 Association of South East Asian Nations 29, 68 Assumption 1086 Astana 730 Astove 1086 Astrakhan 1239 Asturias 1142, 1149 Asunción 978, 980, 981 Aswan 423 Asyut 423 At-Ta mim 670 At Tur 423 Atacama 316 Atacora 208 Atafu 925 Atakpamé 1215, 1217 Atâr 843, 846 Atasu 733 Ataúro 1210 Athabasca 279, 281 Athens (Georgia) 1386 Athens (Greece) 549, 550, 551, 554, 555, 556 Athens (Ohio) 1431 Athens (West Virginia) 1456 Athens-Clarke County 1341, 1385 Athinai see Athens (Greece) Athlone 685 Ati 310 Atiu 925 Atiya 246 Atlanta 1340, 1361, 1385, 1386, 1387 Atlantic Zone (Nicaragua) 930 Atlántico 345 Atlántico Norte 930 Atlántico Sur 930 Atlántida 579 Atlantique 208 Atol das Rocas 237 Atotonilco 856 Atsimo Andrefana 812 Atsimo Atsinanana 812 Atsinanana 812 Attica region (Greece) 550 Attopeu 765 Atyraū 730, 733 Auburn (Alabama) 1368 Auburn (Maine) 1401, 1402 Auburn (Washington) 1453 Auckland 916, 918, 919, 920, 921, 923, 924, 925 Auckland Islands 918, 925 Augsburg 510, 514, 528 Augusta (Italy) 705 Augusta (Maine) 1401, 1402 Augusta-Richmond County (Georgia) 1341, 1385 Auki 1111 Aulnay-sous-Bois 468 Aunu u 1463 Aurangabad 603, 612, 631, 632 Aurora (Colorado) 1340, 1377 Aurora (Illinois) 1341, 1390 Auschwitz 996, 1003 Aust-Agder 945 Austin 1340, 1365, 1445, 1446, 1447 Austral Islands 486 Australia external territories 44, 125, 133, , 18, 39, 43, 47, 55, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 territories and states Australian Antarctic Territory 44, 125, Australian Capital Territory 125, 126, 127, 133, 136 7, 140 Austria , 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 73 Auvergne 467 Avarua 926 Ave 1007 Avebury 1295 Avenches 1188 Avignon 467, 478 Ávila 1142, 1149 Awbari 789 Awdal 1115, 1116 Awil 1138 Awka 939 Ayacucho 983 Aydın 1231 Ayeyarwady 885 Ayodhya 602 Ayre 1313 Ayutthaya 1204, 1209 Az Zawiyah 789 Azad-Kashmir 958 Azarbayejan, East 660 Azarbayejan, West 660 Azawad 831, 832 Azerbaijan , 38, 39, 41 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 44, 45, 47, 51, 52, 56, 66, 67, 69 Azogues 417 Azores 1006, 1007, 1012 Azua 413 Azuay 417 B Ba Ria (Vung Tau) 1491 Baalbek 779 Baarle-Hertog 197 Babahoyo 418 Babelthuap 965, 966 Babil 670 Babylon see Babil Bac Can 1491 Bac Giang 1491 Bac Lieu 1491 Bac Ninh 1491 Bacău 1018 Bacolod 989 Bacoor 989 Bács-Kiskun 585 Badajoz 1142, 1143 Badakhshan 84 Badalona 1143 Badame 436, 437, 448 Baden-Baden 525, 526 Baden-Württemberg 513, 514, Badghis 84 Badulla 1151

19 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1531 Baeza 1149 Bafatá 568 Baffin 297, 298, 299 Bafing 367 Bafoussam 263 Bagdogra 640, 646 Bagerhat 185 Baghdad 667, 668, 669, 670, 673 Baghlan 84 Bago 885 Baguio 989 Bahadurgarh 622 Bahamas , 43, 47, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Baharampur 603, 645 Bahia (Brazil) 231, 235 Bahia Blanca (Argentina) 114, 117 Bahla 956 Bahoruco 413 Bahraich 643 Bahrain 53, , 51, 56, 70, 71, 72 Baia Mare 1018 Baidoa 1116 Baikonur see Bayqonyr Bairabi 634 Bairiki 740 Baixo Alentejo 1007 Baixo Mondego 1007 Baixo Vouga 1007 Baja California 852 Baja California Sur 852 Baja Verapaz 560 Bajah see Béja Bakar 374 Bakassi peninsula 262, 938 Baker Island 1467 Bakersfield 1340, 1374 Bakhtyari see Chahar Mahal and Bakhtyari Baki 1115 Bakol 1115, 1116 Baku 167, 168, 169, 170, 171 Balaton 591 Balboa 969, 971 Balchik 246 Baldonnel 680 Balearic Islands (Baleares) 1142 Baleshwar 636 Bali 653, 657, 658 Balıkesir 1231 Balkan 1238 Balkanabad 1238 Balkh 83, 84 Ballia 643 Ballymena 1309 Ballymoney 1309 Ballyshannon 687 Balochistan 957, 958 Balqa 725 Bălţi 861 Baltic Sea Region Energy Cooperation 41 Baltimore 1340, 1361, 1382, 1403, 1404 Baluchestan see Sistan and Baluchestan Balurghat 645 Balykchy 761 Bam 665 Bamako 831, 833, 834 Bambari 306 Bamberg 524, 528 Bamenda 263 Bamingui-Bangoran 306 Bamyan 84 Ban Houei Xai 765 Ban Muang Cha 765 Banaba 740, 742 Banbridge 1309 Banda 643 Banda Aceh 653 Bandar-e-Abbas 660, 663, 665 Bandar Lampung 653 Bandar Seri Begawan 239, 241 Bandundu 354 Bandung 653, 654, 657 Baneasa 1022 Banfora 249 Bangalore 603, 608, 611, 612, 627, 628 Bangaon 645 Bangarem 650 Bangassou 306 Bangda 324 Bangka-Belitung 653 Bangkok 1204, 1205, 1206, 1207, 1208 Bangladesh , 43, 47, 51, 56, 67, 68, 69, 70 Bangor (Maine) 1401, 1402 Bangor (Wales) 1308 Bangui 306, 308, 309 Banja Luka 221, 223, 224 Banjarmasin 653 Banjul 499, 500, 501 Bank for International Settlements 42 3 Bank of Central African States 59 Bankura 645 Banská Bystrica 1101 Banská Štiavnica 1105 Banten 653 Bantio 1138 Banzart see Bizerta Ba qubah 670 Barakaldo 1143 Barahona 413 Baranya 585 Barbados , 43, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Barbuda see Antigua and Barbuda Barcadera 912 Barcelona (Spain) 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1146, 1147, 1148, 1149 Barcelona (Venezuela) 1485 Barclayville 784 Bardaï 310 Barddhaman 603 Bardejov 1105 Bareilly 603, 644 Barentsøya 952 Bargi 630 Barh el Ghazel 310 Bari (Italy) 702 Bari (Somalia) 1115, 1116 Barinas 1485 Baripada 636 Barisal 182, 185 Barking and Dagenham 1297 Barlavento 302 Barnet 1297 Barneveld 905 Baroda see Vadodara Barquisimeto 1485, 1489 Barranquilla 345, 348 Barrie 270, 290 Barrigada 1466 Barsi 631 Bartın 1231, 1234 Bartlesville 1432 Bartlett 1443 Barumini 709 Barwon 150 Bas-Congo 354 Bas-Sassandra 367 Basel see Basle Basel-Country 1182, 1183, 1187 Basel-Town 1182, 1183, 1187 Bashkortostan 1038 Basilicata 702 Basirhat 645 Basle 1181, 1182, 1185, 1186, 1187 Basque Country (Spain) 1140, 1141, 1142 Basra 668, 669, 670, 673 Bassae 556 Bassas da India 493 Basse 499 Basse-Kotto 306 Basse-Normandie 467 Basse Santa Su 499 Basse-Terre (Guadeloupe) 481, 482 Bassein 885 Basseterre (St Kitts and Nevis) 1049, 1050, 1051, 1053, 1056 Basti 643 Bata 432, 434, 435 Batala 637 Batchelor 139 Bath 1295, 1299 Bath and North East Somerset 1297 Batha 310 Bathinda 603, 637 Bathurst 285 Batinah 955 Batken 761 Batman 1231 Batn el Ghul 728 Batna 95 Batokunku 500 Baton Rouge 1340, 1399, 1400, 1401 Battambang 258 Batticaloa 1150, 1151 Batumi 503, 507, 508 Batys Qazaqstan 730 Bauchi 938 Bauerfield Port Vila 1481 Bavaria 511, 512, 513, 514, 524, Bay 1115, 1116 Bay of Plenty 918, 921 Bay Roberts 287 Bayamo 377 Bayamón 1461 Bayburt 1231 Baydhabo 1115, 1116 Bayelsa 939 Bayonne (France) 467 Bayonne (New Jersey) 1420 Bayqonyr 730 Bayreuth 524, 528 Bayside/St Andrews 286 Baytown 1445 Bear 1380 Beau Bassin-Rose Hill 847 Beaumont 1341, 1361, 1445, 1447 Beavercreek 1430 Beaverton 1434 Beawar 638 Béchar 95 Beckley 1455 Bedford 1297 Bedfordshire 1297, 1299 Beebe 1373 Beersheba 689, 690 Begusarai 603, 618 Behera 423 Behchokò 297 Beijing 321, 322, 323, 324, 327, 330, 331, 332, 333, 1361 Beira 818, 881, 884, 1511 Beira Interior Norte 1007 Beira Interior Sul 1007 Beirut 775, 776, 778, 779 Beitbridge 1511 Beiteddine 779 Béja 1226 Béjaia 95 Bekasi 654 Békés 585 Békéscaba 585

20 1532 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Belait 239 Belarus , 40, 41 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 44, 45, 52, 73 Belau see Palau Beledweyne 1115 Belém 231, 232, 233 Belene 246 Bélep Archipelago 491 Belfast 676, 677, 1267, 1284, 1309, 1310, 1311, 1312 Belfort 478 Belgaum 603, 626, 627 Belgium , 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 52, 55, 64, 66, 67, 73 Belgrade 873, 1079, 1080, 1082, 1083 Belize , 43, 47, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Belize City 204, 206 Bellary 603, 627 Belledune 286 Bellevue (Nebraska) 1415, 1416 Bellevue (Washington) 1341, 1453 Bellingham 1370, 1453 Bellinghausen 486 Bellinzona 1187 Belmopan 204 Belo Horizonte 231, 236 Beloit 1456 Beltsy see Bălţi Belur 646 Bemidji 1409 Ben Tre 1491 Benadir 1115 Bend 1434 Bender see Tighina Benede-Orange 1135 Benevento 699 Bengalooru see Bangalore Benghazi 788, 789, 790, 791, 792 Bengkulu 653 Bengo 105 Benguela 105, 108 Benha 423 Beni 216 Béni Mellal 877 Beni Suef 423 Benicàssim 1149 Benin , 18, 47, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 66 Benin City 939 Bénoué see Nord province (Cameroon) Benshangul/Gumaz 447 Bensonville 784 Benue 938 Beograd see Belgrade Bepolu 784 Bequia 1055 Berat 89 Berbera 1116, 1118 Berbérati 306 Berea (Kentucky) 1399 Berea (Lesotho) 780 Bergamo 702, 707 Bergen (Belgium) see Mons Bergen (Norway) 946, 948, 950, 951 Bergen op Zoom 905 Bergisch Gladbach 514 Berhampur 637 Berkeley 1341, 1376 Berkshire 1297 Berlin 510, 511, 513, 514, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, Bermuda 44, 63, 1295, 1318, Bern see Berne Berne 1181, 1182, 1186, 1187, 1188 Berry Islands 173 Bertoua 263 Beru 740 Besançon 467, 468 Beslan 1027, 1042 Bethel 1368 Bethesda 1403 Bethlehem (Palestinian Territories) 697 Bethlehem (Pennsylvania) 1436, 1438 Béthune 467 Betio 740, 742 Betsiboka 812 Bettendorf 1394 Bettiah 618 Bexley 1297 Bhadravati 627 Bhagalpur 603 Bharatpur (India) 603, 638 Bharatpur (Nepal) 897 Bharuch 621 Bhatinda 637 Bhavani 641 Bhavnagar 603, 621, 622 Bheemavaram 615 Bheemunipatnam 615 Bhilai 603 Bhilwara 603 Bhind 629 Bhisho 1129, 1130 Bhiwandi 603 Bhiwani 622 Bhopal 603, 629, 630 Bhubaneswar 603, 611, 636, 637 Bhuj 621, 622 Bhuntar 624 Bhusawal 631 Bhutan 7, 14, 18, 67, 69, 70, Białystok 997 Bicol 989 Bid 631 Bida 939 Bidar 614, 626, 627 Biddeford 1401, 1402 Bié 105 Biel 1182 Bielefeld 514, 537 Bielsko-Biała 997 Bien Hoa 1491 Big Bend 1168 Big Creek 206 Bihar 602, 603, 604, 610, 612, 614, Bihar Sharif 603, 618 Bihor 1018 Bijagós 568 Bijapur 603, 626 Bikaner 603, 639 Bikini 840, 842 Bila Tserkva 1252 Bilaspur 603, 611, 620, 623 Bilbao 1142, 1143, 1146, 1147, 1149 Bilecik 1231 Bilinga 361 Billings 1341, 1413, 1414 Billund 401, 404 Biloxi 1410 Biltine 310 Bimbia 262 Bimbo 306 Biminis 173 Bin Arous 1226 Bin Arus see Bin Arous Bina 630 Binghampton 1424 Bingöl 1231 Binh Dinh 1491 Binh Duong 1491 Binh Phuoc 1491 Binh Thuan 1491 Bintulu 826 Bíobío 316 Bioko 435 Bioko Norte 432 Bioko Sur 432 Biombo 568 Birao 306 Birat 789 Biratnagar 897 Bird Island 1332 Bird Rock 1051 Birjand 660 Birkenau 1003 Birkirkara 835 Birmingham (Alabama) 1340, 1366, 1368 Birmingham (England) 1267, 1283, 1295, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1300 Birnagar 645 Birnie 740 Birnin-Kebbi 938 Birobijan 1043 BIS 42 3 Bishkek 761, 763 Biskra 95, 96 Bismarck 1428, 1429 Bisotun 665 Bissau 568, 569, 570 Bistriţa 1018 Bistriţa-Năsăud 1018 Bitlis 1231 Bitola 808, 811 Bitra Island 650 Bizerta 1226, 1227, 1228 Bjelovar 371 Bjelovarska-Bilogorska 371 Bjørnøya 952 Black Sea Economic Cooperation 41 2 Blackburn with Darwen 1297 Blackpool 1283, 1297 Blacksburg 1452 Blaenau Gwent 1306 Blaenavon 1295, 1308 Blagoevgrad 244 Blair 1416 Blanchardstown 685 Blantyre 816, 818 Blekinge 396, 1172, 1173 Blida 95 Blitta 1217 Bloemfontein 1119, 1127, 1129, 1130 Bloemhof 1136 Bloomington (Indiana) 1393, 1394 Bloomington (Minnesota) 1408 Blowing Point 1320 Blue Nile (Sudan) 1158 Blue Springs 1412 Bluefield 1456 Bluefields 930, 932 Bo 1090, 1091 Bo-Karoo 1135 Boa Vista (Brazil) 231 Boa Vista (Cape Verde) 302, 304 Boaco 929 Boardman 1430 Bobo-Dioulasso 249, 251 Bobruisk 190 Boca Raton 1383, 1385 Bocas del Toro 968, 972 Bochum 514, 537 Bodh Gaya 613 Bodio 1186 Bodø 946, 951 Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications 35 Boeing Field 1454 Boeny 812

21 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1533 Boeotia 550 Bogotá 344, 345, 347, 348 Bogra 182 Bohicon 208 Bohol 989 Bohuslän 1172 Boise City 1341, 1389, 1390 Bojnurd 660 Bokaro 603, 626 Boké 564 Bokeo 765 Bol 310 Bolama 568, 570 Bolgatanga 545 Bolikhamxai 765 Bolívar (Colombia) 345 Bolívar (Ecuador) 417 Bolívar (Venezuela) 1485 Bolivia , 18, 47, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67 Bologna 699, 702, 707 Bolton 1299 Bolu 1231 Bolungarvík 593 Bolzano 702 Bombali 1091 Bombay see Mumbai Bomi 784 Bonaire 911, Bondoukou 367 Bône see Annaba Bong 784, 787 Bongolava 812 Bongor 310 Bonn 510, 514, 522, 537 Bonthe 1091, 1093 Boquerón 978 Bor 1138 Bora-Bora 486 Borås 1174 Bordeaux 467, 468, 475, 478 Bordj Bou Arreridj 95 Borðoy 403 Borgou 208 Borlänge 1174 Borneo 820, 821, 827 Borno 938 Borobudur 658 Boroko 976 Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 585 Borzaya 871 Bosaso 1115, 1116, 1118 Bosnia and Herzegovina 53, , 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 52, 56, 66 Bossangoa 306 Bossier City 1400 Boston 1336, 1340, 1356, 1361, 1405, 1406 Bota 265 Botad 621 Botkyrka 1174 Botoşani 1018 Botswana , 43, 47, 58, 61 Bottrop 514 Bouaflé 367 Bouaké 367, 370 Bouar 306 Boucle du Mouhoun 249 Bouenza 358 Bougainville 56, 974, 975, 977 Bougie see Béjaia Bouira 95 Boulder 1377, 1378 Boulogne-Billancourt 468 Boumerdès 95 Bounty Islands 918, 925 Bourgas 244, 246, 247, 248 Bourges 478 Bourkou 310 Bourgogne 467 Bournemouth 1297, 1299, 1300 Bouvet Island 952 Bowie 1404 Bowling Green 1398 Bowness 1300 Boyacá 345 Boyer Ahmad see Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad Bozeman 1413, 1414 Bozen see Bolzano Bozoum 306 Brabant 195, 197 Bracknell Forest 1297 Brades 1329 Bradford 1297, 1299 Braga 1005, 1007 Brahmapur 603 Brăila 1018, 1021, 1022 Brakna 843 Brampton 290 Brandenburg 514, Brandon (Florida) 1341, 1383 Brandon (Manitoba) 283, 285 Brasília 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 236, 238 Braşov 1018 Bratislava 1100, 1101, 1103, 1104, 1105 Braunschweig 514, 535 Brava 302 Brazil 55, , 18, 47, 57, 58, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 72, 73 Brazzaville 308, 358, 361 Brčko 221 Brechou 1315 Breda 905 Bregenz 159, 161 Bremen 513, 514, 520, 522, 524, Bremerhaven 514, 530 Bremerton 1453 Brent 1297 Brentwood 1424 Brescia 699, 702, 707, 708 Breslau see Wrocław Brest (Belarus) 190 Brest (France) 467, 472, 475 Bretagne 467 Bria 306 Brick Township 1420 Bridgend 1306 Bridgeport 1341, 1379 Bridgetown 186, 187, 188 Bridgewater (Massachusetts) 1406 Bridgewater (Nova Scotia) 288 Brig 1186 Brighton (New York) 1424 Brighton and Hove (England) 1269, 1295, 1297, 1299 Brikama 499 Brindisi 705 Brisbane 125, 126, 132, 135, 145 Bristol (Connecticut) 1379 Bristol (England) 1297, 1299, 1300 British Antarctic Territory 44, 1318, 1322 British Columbia 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 274, 278, 279, British Indian Ocean Territory 44, 1318, 1322 British Virgin Islands 20, 44, 63, 65, 1318, Brittany see Bretagne Brixham 1281 Brize Norton 1275 Brno 390, 394, 395 Brockton 1405 Brodsko-Posavska 371 Brofjorden 1179 Broken Arrow 1432 Brokopondo 1164 Bromley 1297, 1300 Brong-Ahafo 545 Bronx 1424 Brookfield 1456 Brookings 1442, 1443 Brookings Institution 74 Brooklyn 1424 Brooks 279 Brossard 294 Brownsville 1341, 1445 Bruegel 74 Bruges 195, 197, 202, 203 Brugge see Bruges Brühl 524 Brunei , 43, 51, 56, 67, 68, 69 Brunswick (Georgia) 1386 Brunswick (Germany) 534 Brunswick (Maine) 1402 Brussel see Brussels Brussels 31, 32, 52, 195, 196, 197, 198, 200, 201, 202 Bruxelles see Brussels Bryn Mawr (Pennsylvania) 1438 Buala 1111 Bubanza 253 Bucaramanga 345 Buchanan 784, 787 Bucharest 1017, 1018, 1021, 1022, 1023 Bucheon 751 Buchenwald 543 Buckingham 1289 Buckinghamshire 1297, 1299 Bucureşti see Bucharest Budapest 583, 584, 585, 589, 590, 591 Budaun 643 Budweis 160 Buéa 263 Buenaventura 347 Buenos Aires 112, 113, 114, 116, 117, 118 Buffalo 1340, 1424, 1425 Bujumbura 253, 256 Bujumbura Mairie 253 Bujumbura Rural 253 Buka 977 Bukavu 354, 356 Bukhara 1475, 1478 Bukhoro see Bukhara Bulandshahr 643 Bulawayo 228, 1506, 1511, 1512 Bulembu 1130 Bulgaria , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 66, 73 Bunbury 153 Bundaberg 143 Buon Me Thuot 1491 Burao 1116 Burbank 1341 Burdur 1231 Burdwan 645, 646 Burgenland 161 Burgos 1142, 1143, 1148 Burgundy see Bourgogne Burhanpur 629 Burkina Faso , 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Burlington (Ontario) 290 Burlington (Vermont) 1449, 1450 Burma see Myanmar Burnaby 283 Burnie 148, 149 Burnpur 646

22 1534 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Bursa 1231, 1236 Burundi , 47, 48, 58, 59, 60 Bururi 253 Buryatia 1038 Busan 751, 755 Bushehr 660, 663 Buskerud 945 Busselton 153 Butare 1045 Butaritari 740 Butha-Buthe 780 Butrint 93 Butte 1413, 1414 Butte-Silver Bow 1413 Buxton 1295 Buzău 1018 Byblos 779 Bydgoszcz 997, 1002 Byron Bay 135 Bytom 997 Byumba 1045 C Ca Mau 1491 Caaguazú 978 Caazapá 978 Cabañas (Cuba) 378 Cabañas (El Salvador) 428 Cabinda 105, 107, 108 Cabo Delgado 881 Čačak 1080 Cáceres 1142, 1149 Cacheu 568, 570 Cádiz 1140, 1142, 1143, 1145 Caen 467, 475 Caerphilly 1306 Cagayan de Oro 989, 992 Cagayan Valley 989 Cagliari 702, 707 Caguas 1461 Cainta 989 Cairns 128, 132, 143, 145 Cairo 422, 423, 425, 426, 427 Cajamarca 983 Čakovec 371 Calabar 939, 940 Calabarzon 989 Calabria 699, 702 Calais 465, 468, 475 Calakmul 856 Calama 316 Calamata 550 Calamba 989 Călăraşi 1018 Calcutta see Kolkata Caldas 345 Caldera 364, 365 Caldwell 1389 Calgary 269, 270, 273, 275, 278, 279, 281 Cali 345, 347, 348 Calicut see Kozhikode California 1336, 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1357, 1358, 1364, 1365, Callao 983, 984, 986 Caloocan 989 Calvinia 1135 Camagüey 376, 377, 380 Cambodia , 47, 48, 67, 68 Cambridge (England) 1294, 1299 Cambridge (Massachusetts) 1341, 1405, 1406 Cambridge (Ontario) 290 Cambridgeshire 1297 Camden (England) 1297 Camden (New Jersey) 1420, 1421 Camden (Pennsylvania) 1436 Cameroon , 18, 43, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61 Camotra 647 Campania 702 Campbell Island (New Zealand) 918, 925 Campbell River (British Columbia) 281, 282 Campbellton 285 Campeche 852, 856 Campinas 231 Campo 265 Campo Grande 231 Camrose 279 Can Tho 1491 Canada and European organizations 29, 39, 40 8, 14, 18, 43, 47, 48, 52, 55, 58, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, 73 provinces and territories Çanakkale 1231, 1234 Cañar 417 Canaries (St Lucia) 1052 Canary Islands 1142, 1145 Canberra 123, 124, 125, 126, 135, 136, 137 Cancún 852, 854 Cane Field 412 Canea 550 Canelones 1469 Canendiyú 978 Çankırı 1231 Cankuzo 253 Cannes 478 Canouan 1055 Cantabria 1142 Canterbury (England)1289, 1293, 1294, 1295, 1299 Canterbury (New Zealand) 918, 922 Canton (New York) 1426 Canton (Ohio) 1430 Cao Bang 1491 Cap Haїtien 575, 577, 578 Cape Breton 268, 288, 290 Cape Coast 545 Cape Coral 1341, 1383 Cape Town 1119, 1120, 1121, 1127, 1135, 1136, 1137 Cape Verde 29, , 47, 48, 58, 60 Capelle a/d Ijssel 905 Capital area (Iceland) 593 Capital district (Congo, Republic of) 358 Capital district (Mali) 831 Capital governorate (Bahrain) 177 Capital region (Denmark) 397 Capital Territory province (Solomon Islands) 1111 Caprivi Strip 890, 891 Caquetá 345 Car Nicobar 647 Carabobo 1485 Caracas 1484, 1485, 1487, 1488, 1489 Caracol 204 Caraga 989 Caraş-Severin 1018 Carazo 929 Carbondale 1392 Carcassonne 475, 478 Carchi 417 Carcross 301, 1369 Cardiff 1267, 1306, 1307, 1308 Carhaix 478 Caribbean Community (CARICOM) 62, 63 Caribbean Development Bank 63 4 Caribbean Group for Cooperation in Economic Development 14 Caribbean Tourism Organization 62 Caribou 1401 Carinthia 161 Carlisle 1299 Carlow 677, 685 Carlsbad 1341, 1374 Carmacks 300 Carmarthen 1308 Carmarthenshire 1306 Carmel 1393 Carnarvon (Western Australia) 130 Carnarvon (South Africa) 1125 Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 74 Carnegie Middle East Center 74 Carnegie Moscow Center 75 Carnot 306 Carolina 1461 Carriacou 557, 559 Carrickfergus 1309 Carrollton 1341, 1445 Carson City 1417, 1418 Cartagena (Colombia) 345, 347, 348, 349 Cartagena (Spain) 1140, 1142, 1143, 1145, 1147 Cartago 362 Cartier Island see Ashmore and Cartier Islands Cary 1341, 1426 Casablanca 877, 878, 879 Casamance 1074, 1076 Casanare 345 Cascades 249 Caserta 709 Casper 1458 Castellón 1142 Castellón de la Plana 1143 Castilla-La Mancha 1142 Castilla y León 1142 Castlegar 283 Castlereagh 1309 Castries 1052, 1054 Cat Island 173 Çatalhőyűk 1237 Catalonia 1140, 1141, 1142 Catamarca 113, 116 Catania 702, 707 Catió 568, 570 Cato Institute 75 Cauca 345 Cávado 1007 Cavalla 550 Cavan 678, 687 Cave Hill 188 Caxito 105 Cayenne 480 Cayman Brac 1324, 1325 Cayman Islands 20, 44, 63, 1318, Cayo 204 Ceará 231 Cebu 989, 992 Cedar City 1449 Cedar Falls 1394, 1395 Cedar Rapids 1341, 1394, 1395 Ceerigabo 1115 Celaya 852 Celebes see Sulawesi Centennial 1341 Center for American Progress 75 Center for International Governance Innovation 75 Center for Social and Economic Research 75 Center for Strategic and International Studies 75 Central African Republic , 47, 48, 56, 58, 59, 60

23 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1535 Central America 29, 40 Central American Bank for Economic Integration 64 Central American Integration System 62, 64 Central Bank of West African States 59 Central Darfur 1158 Central department (Paraguay) 978 Central district (Botswana) 225 Central district (Israel) 690 Central district (Russia) 1027 Central Equatoria 1138 Central European Initiative 40 Central Forest Reserve 1052 Central governorate (Bahrain) 177 Central Greece and Euboea region 550 Central Highlands (Victoria) 150 Central Highlands (Vietnam) 1491 Central Islands 1111 Central Jutland 397 Central Line Islands 740 Central Luzon 989 Central-North Zone (Nicaragua) 929 Central province (Kenya) 735 Central province (Papua New Guinea) 974 Central province (Zambia) 1501 Central region (Ghana) 545, 548 Central region (Malaŵi) 816 Central region (Nepal) 897 Central region (Portugal) 1007 Central region (Uganda) 1246 Central Visayas 989 Central West district (New South Wales) 140 Centrale (Togo) 1215 Centre department (Haiti) 575 Centre-Est 249 Centre for Economic Policy Research 75 Centre for European Policy Studies 75 Centre for European Reform 75 Centre-Nord 249 Centre of Public Studies 75 Centre-Ouest 249 Centre province (Cameroon) 263 Centre region (Burkina Faso) 249 Centre region (France) 467 Centre-Sud 249 Centro Sur 432 Cephalonia 550 CEPOL see European Police College Ceredigion 1306 CERN 40 Cernavodă 1021 Cerro de Pasco 983 Cerro-Largo 1469 Cerveteri 709 Cesar 345 České Budějovice 390 Český Krumlov 395 Cesstos City 784 Cetinje 873 Ceuta 876, 1005, 1142, 1143, 1148 Ceyhan 170, 1235 Chacachacare 1221 Chachapoyas 983 Chaco (Argentina) 113 Chaco see Alto Paraguay Chad , , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61 Chafarinas 1143 Chagang 745 Chagos Archipelago 1322 Chah Bahar 663 Chahar Mahal and Bakhtyari 660 Chakdaha 645 Chalan Kanoa 1460 Chalatenango 428 Chalonnes-sur-Loire 478 Chalcidice 550 Chalcis 550 Chamba 623 Chambéry 468 Champagne-Ardenne 467 Champaign 1390, 1392 Champassak 765 Champerico 563 Champlain 1425 Chan Chan 987 Chandausi 643 Chandernagore 645 Chandigarh 602, 605, 612, 614, 622, 623, 624, 637, 638, 647 Chandler 1340, 1370 Chandrapur 603 Chandrapura 626 Changchun 323, 324 Changdan 748 Changhwa 340 Changi 1096 Chang ombe 1203 Changsha 323, 324 Changuinola 972 Changwon 751 Changzhou 324 Channel Islands 1281, 1294, Channel-Port aux Basques 288 Chaouia-Ouardigha 876 Chapel Hill 1428 Chapra 618, 619 Chardzhou see Turkmenabat Chari-Baguirmi 310 Charleroi 197, 202 Charleston (Illinois) 1392 Charleston (South Carolina) 1341, 1440, 1441 Charleston (West Virginia) 1454, 1455 Charlestown 1049 Charlotte (North Carolina) 1340, 1361, 1426, 1427 Charlotte Amalie (Virgin Islands, USA) 1466, 1467 Charlottesville 1364, 1452 Charlottetown (Prince Edward Island) 292, 293 Chartres 478 Chatham House 75 6 Chatham Islands 918, 922 Chattanooga 1341, 1443, 1444, 1445 Chavin 987 Cheboksary 1039 Chechnya 1027, Cheektowaga 1424 Chelmsford 1269, 1299, 1300 Chelsea 1296 Cheltenham 1295, 1299 Chemnitz 514, 540 Chengde 332 Chengdu 323, 324, 330 Chennai 603, 604, 608, 609, 611, 612, 641, 642, 646, 651 Cheonan 751 Cheongju 751, 755 Cherkaska 1251 Cherkasy 1252 Cherkessk 1040 Chernihiv 1252 Chernihivska 1251 Chernivetska 1251 Chernivtsi 1252 Chernobyl 1255 Cherrapunji 604 Cherthala 603, 628 Chesapeake 1340, 1451 Cheshire 1297 Chester (England) 1297, 1299 Chester (Pennsylvania) 1437 Chetlat Island 650 Chetumal 852 Cheyenne 1458, 1459 Chhatarpur 629 Chhattisgarh 602, 604, 612, 614, , 630 Chhindwara 629 Chiang Mai 1208, 1209 Chiapas 851, 852 Chiayi 340, 342 Chiba 716, 722 Chicago 1340, 1356, 1361, 1365, 1390, 1391, 1392 Chichen-Itza 856 Chichester 1299 Chichica 968 Chiclayo 983 Chihuahua 852, 856 Chikmagalur 627 Chile 29, 40, , 48, 55, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Chillán 316 Chilliwack 281 Chiloé 320 Chilpancingo de los Bravo 852 Chimalhuacan 852 Chimaltenango 560 Chimborazo 417 Chimbote 986 Chimbu 974 Chimei 342 Chimoio 881 Chin State 885 China 55, in world organizations 4, 5, 7, 8, 14, 18, 58, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 Chinandega 929, 930 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences 76 Chingleput 614, 641 Chingola 1502 Chinguetti 846 Chinsali 1502 Chios 550, 556 Chipata 1501, 1504 Chiquimula 560 Chirala 615 Chirchik 1475 Chiriquí 968 Chirkunda 626 Chişinău 861, 863, 864 Chitradurga 627 Chitrakoot 630 Chitré 968 Chittagong 182, 183, 184, 185 Chittaranjan 646 Chittoor 614, 615, 616, 640 Chitungwiza 1506 Chlef 95 Choa Chu Kang 1098 Chocó 345 Choirokoitia 385 Choiseul (St Lucia) 1052 Choiseul (Solomon Islands) 1111 Choloma 579 Choluteca 579 Chomutov 393 Chonburi 1209 Chongjin 745, 748 Chongqing 322, 323, 324 Chontales 929 Chota Nagpur 618 Choybalsan 871 Christchurch (New Zealand) 916, 918, 919, 921, 923, 924, 925, 926

24 1536 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Christiana 1136 Christiansted 1466, 1467 Christmas Island (Australia) 44, 125, 156 Christmas Island (Kiribati) see Kiritimati Chu 761 Chubut 113 Chukot 1043 Chula Vista 1340, 1374 Chungcheongbuk 751 Chungcheongnam 751 Chuquiaca 216 Churchill 299 Churu 638 Chuuk 858, 860 Chuvashia 1039 Cibitoke 253 Ciego de Avila 376 Cienfuegos 376, 377, 379, 380 Cincinnati 1340, 1430, 1431 Cinque Terre 709 Cirencester 1300 Cirilo Guainora 968 Ciudad Bolívar 1485, 1489 Ciudad de la Costa 1470 Ciudad de la Habana 376 Ciudad del Este 978 Ciudad Guayana 1485 Ciudad López Mateos 852 Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl 852 Ciudad Obregón 852 Ciudad Quesada 365 Ciudad Real 1142 Ciudad Sandino 930 Ciudad Santa Catarina 852 Ciudad Victoria 852 Civitas 76 Clackmannanshire 1301 Clare 677 Claremore 1434 Clarendon 710 Clarenville 287 Clarksburg 1455 Clarksville 1341, 1443 Clausthal 535 Clearwater 1341, 1383 Clemson 1441 Clermont-Ferrand 467, 475 Cleveland (Mississippi) 1411 Cleveland (Ohio) 1340, 1430, 1431 Cleveland Heights 1430 Clifton 1420 Clingendael see Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael) Clinton 1410 Clipperton Island 479, 493 Clonmel 687 Cluj 1018 Cluj-Napoca 1018, 1022 Coahuila de Zaragoza 852 Coast province (Kenya) 735 Coats Land 1322 Cobija 216 Cochabamba 216, 219 Cochin see Kochi (India) Cockburn Harbour 1334 Coclé 968 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 44, 125, Codrington 109 Coega 1130 Coetivy Island 1086 Coeur d Alene 1389 Coiba 972 Coihaique 316, 319 Coimbatore 603, 627, 629, 640, 641, 642 Coimbra 1005, 1011 Cojedes 1485 Cojutepeque 428 Colchester 1299 Cold Lake 279 Coleraine 1309, 1312 Colima 852 College Park 1404 Collines 208 Colôane 338 Cologne 510, 514, 515, 522, 523, 524, 537 Colombia 29, 40, , 18, 48, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Colombo 1150, 1151, 1154, 1155 Colombo Plan 68 9 Colón (Honduras) 579 Colón (Panama) 968, 969, 970, 971 Colonia (Micronesia) 858, 860 Colonia (Uruguay) 1469 Colonia del Sacramento 1473 Colorado 1335, 1336, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1364, Colorado Springs 1340, 1377, 1378 Columbia (Maryland) 1403 Columbia (Missouri) 1341, 1412, 1413 Columbia (South Carolina) 1341, 1440, 1441 Columbia, District of see Washington, D.C. Columbus (Georgia) 1341, 1385 Columbus (Mississippi) 1411 Columbus (Ohio) 1340, 1430, 1431 Comayagua 579 Comilla 182, 185 Comino 835 Commack 1424 Commerce Bight 206 Commewijne 1164 Committee of the Regions (EU) 32, 34 Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa 59 Commonwealth 43 4, 69 Commonwealth of Independent States 44 5 Community Fisheries Control Agency see European Fisheries Control Agency Community Plant Variety Office 35 Comoros 29, 350 2, , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 71, 72 Comotini 550 Conakry 564, 565, 566, 567 Concepción (Chile) 314, 315, 316, 319 Concepción (Panama) 971 Concepción (Paraguay) 978 Conception Bay South 287 Concord (California) 1341, 1374 Concord (New Hampshire) 1418, 1419 Congo, Democratic Republic of 28, , 47, 48, 58, 59, 60, 61 Congo, Republic of , 47, 48, 58, 59, 60 Coningsby 1275 Connacht 675, 677, 687 Connecticut 1339, 1344, 1346, Constanţa 1018, 1021, 1022 Constanţa South Agigea 1022 Constantine 95, 99 Contagem 231 Conway 1372 Conwy 1306 Cooch Behar 645 Cook Islands 44, 67, 69, 70, Cookstown 1309 Coolkeeragh 1310 Coomacka 573 Coonoor 641 Coopers Town (Bahamas) 173 Cooperstown New York) 1365 Coorg 626, 627 Coos Bay 1435 Copán 579, 582 Copenhagen 396, 397, 400, 401, 402, 403, 404 Copiapó 316 Copperbelt 1501 Coquimbo 316 Coral Harbour 174 Coral Sea Islands 44, 125, 157 Coral Springs 1341, 1383 Coralline Islands see Outer Islands (Seychelles) Coram 1424 Cordillera (Paraguay) 978 Cordillera (Philippines) 989 Córdoba (Argentina) 113, 114, 116, 117, 118 Córdoba (Colombia) 345 Córdoba (Spain) 1140, 1142, 1143, 1147, 1148 Corfu 550, 556 Corinth 550, 555 Corinthos 550 Corinto 932 Corisco 432 Cork 675, 677, 678, 680, 681, 683, 685, 687 Corn Islands 929 Corner Brook 287 Cornwall 1295, 1297 Coro 1485, 1489 Coromandel 917 Corona 1341, 1374 Coronie 1164 Corozal 204 Corpus Christi 1340, 1361, 1445, 1447 Corrientes 113 Corriverton 571 Corse 467, 478 Corsica see Corse Cortés 579 Çorum 1231 Corumbá 235 Corvallis 1434, 1436 Corvo 1007 Cosmoledo Islands 1086 Cosquín 118 Costa Mesa 1341 Costa Rica , 48, 62, 64, 65, 66 Cotai 338 Côte d Ivoire 4, 29, , , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Cotonou 208, 209, 210, 211 Cotopaxi 417 Cottbus 514 Couffo 208 Council Bluffs 1394 Council of Europe 37 8, 55 Council of the Baltic Sea States 41 Council of the European Union (Council of Ministers) 28, 31 2 Council on Foreign Relations 76 Court of Justice of the European Union 28, 33 Courtenay 281, 283 Courtrai see Kortrijk Cova da Beira 1007 Covasna 1018 Coventry 1299 Covington 1398 Cowes 1296

25 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1537 Cracow see Kraków Craigavon 1309, 1313 Craiova 1018 Cranbrook 281, 283 Cranfield 1300 Cranston 1438 Crawfordsville 1394 Creil 468 Cremona 699 Crete (Greece) 383, 549, 550, 553, 556 Crete (Nebraska) 1416 Créteil 468 Crimea 1251, 1252, 1256, 1257 Cristóbal 969, 971 Croatia , 28, 29, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 64, 66 Crooked Island 173 Crookston 1409 Cross River 939 Croydon 1283, 1297 Crozet Islands 493 Csongrád 585 Cúa 1488 Cuautitlán 854 Cuautitlán Izcalli 852 Cuba , 62, 65, 66, 73 Cúcuta 345 Cuddalore 641 Cuddapah see Kadapa Cuello 204 Cuenca (Ecuador) 417, 419, 421 Cuenca (Spain) 1142, 1149 Cuernavaca 852 Cuiabá 231 Culebra 1461 Culiacán Rosales 852 Cumaná 1485 Cumbria 1297, 1300 Cundinamarca 345 Cunene 105 Curaçao 20, 62, 907, 911, 913 Curepipe 847 Curitiba 231 Curtis 1416 Curtis Island 918 Cuscatlán 428 Cusco 314, 982, 983, 987 Cuttack 603, 636, 637 Cutuco 431 Cuvette 358 Cuvette Ouest 358 Cuyahoga Falls 1430 Cuzco see Cusco Cyangugu 1045 Cyclades 550 Cyprus 44, 381 6, 549, 1230, 1234, 1274, 1318, , 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 43, 47, 48, 66 Cyrene 792 Czech Republic , 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 57, 66, 73 Czechoslovakia 8, 37, 40, 388 9, 1100 Częstochowa 997 D Da Lat 1491 Da Nang 1491, 1495 Dabola 566 Dabolim 620 Dac Lac 1491 Dac Nong 1491 Dadar 631 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 602, 605, 612, 614, Daegu 751, 755 Daejeon 751, 755 Daesan 755 Dagestan Dahagram 181 Dahlak 437 Dahod 621 Dahomey see Benin Dahshur 427 Dahuk 670, 674 Daikondi 84 Daitari 636 Dajabón 413 Dakahlia 423 Dakar 1074, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078 Dakhla 878, 880 Dakhlet Nouâdhibou 843 Dalaman 1236 Dalap-Uliga-Darrit 840 Dalarna 1173 Dalhousie (India) 637 Dalhousie (New Brunswick) 285 Dalian 324, 330, 331 Dallas 1337, 1340, 1361, 1445, 1446, 1447 Dalmatia 371 Daloa 367, 370 Dalvík 593 Daly City 1341 Daman and Diu 603, 605, 612, 614, Damanhur 423 Damascus 1036, 1189, 1190, 1992, 1193, 1194 Damaturu 939 Dâmboviţa 1018 Dambulla 1156 Damietta 423, 426 Dammam 1068, 1072 Damoh 629 Dampier 132, 155 Danbury 1379 Danger see Pukapuka Dangriga 204 Danish Institute for International Studies 76 Danlí 579 Danu 885 Danube Commission 42 Danville 1399 Danzig see Gdańsk Dão-Lafões 1007 Dapaong 1215 Dapoli 632 Daqing 329, 1034 Dar es Salaam 1199, 1200, 1201, 1202, 1511 Dará 1190 Darbhanga 603, 619 Darfield 919 Darfur 4, 53, 1158 Darhan 870 Darién 968, 972 Darjeeling 604, 645 Darjiling see Darjeeling Darlington 1297 Darmstadt 514, 533 Darnah 789, 792 Daros 1086 Dartmouth 290 Daru 974 Darwin 124, 125, 126, 128, 132, 135, 138, 139, 147 Das Island 1261 Dashkasan 170 Dashoguz 1238 Dasmariñas 989 Daugavpils 770 Davangere 603 Davao 989, 992 Davenport 1394, 1395 David 968, 971 Davidson 1340, 1443 Davie 1383 Dawson City 298, 300, 301 Dawson Creek 283 Dayton 1341, 1430, 1431 Dazu 332 De Aar 1135 De La Kara 1215 De Panne 202 Dearborn 1407, 1408 Death Valley 1374 Deba Habe 939 Débéle 566 Debrecen 585, 590, 591 Debub 436 Debubawi Keyih Bahri 436 Decorah 1395 Dédougou 249 Dehiwela-Mt Lavinia 1151 Dehra Dun 603, 608, 644, 645 Dehri 618 Deir Ez-Zor 1190, 1192 DeKalb 1392 Dekheila 426 Delaware 1339, 1340, 1344, 1346, Delft 905 Delhi 603, 605, 608, 609, 611, 612, 613, 623, Delimara 837 Delphi 556 Delta Amacuro 1485 Delta 939 Deltona 1383 Den Haag see The Hague Den Helder 905, 907 Denbighshire 1306 Dengfeng 332 Denguélé 367 Denis 1086 Denizli 1231 Denmark , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 73 Dennery 1052 Denpasar 653, 657 Denton 1341, 1445 Denver 1340, 1361, 1377, 1378 Deobogh 619 Deogar 626 Deoria 643 Depok 654 Derbent 1036 Derby 1297, 1299 Derbyshire 1295, 1297 Derna see Darnah Derry (New Hampshire) 1419 Derry (Northern Ireland) 676, 683, 1308, 1309, 1310, 1311, 1312 Des Moines 1341, 1394, 1395 Des Plateaux 1215 Des Savanes 1215 Desaguadero 219, 986 Desroches 1086, 1322 Dessau 524 Detroit 1340, 1361, 1406, 1407 Deva 1018 Devanahalli 627 Development Bank 38 Deventer 905 Devil s Island 480 Devon 1295, 1297 Devonport (England) 1275 Devonport (Tasmania) 148, 149 Dewangiri 212, 617 Dewas 603, 629 Dhahran 1068, 1072 Dhaka 181, 182, 183, 184 Dhalai 642

26 1538 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Dhamar 1497 Dhanbad 603 Dhankuta 897 Dharmavaram 615 Dharwad 626, 628 Dhekelia 44, 1318, 1333 Dhi Qar 670 Dhofar 955 Dhule 603 Diamantina 237 Diamond Fields 1135 Diana 812 Diaoyutasi Islands 323 Dibër 89, 90 Dibrugarh 617 Diego Garcia 1322 Diekirch 807 Dien Bien 1491 Dien Bien Phu 1491 Diffa 934 Differdange 803 Dijon 467 Dikhil 407 Dili 1210, 1212 Dillon 1414 Dimapur 635 Dimashq see Damascus Dimbokro 367 Dindigul 603, 641 Diourbel 1074 Dipayal 897 Dire Dawa 447, 449 Direction Island 156 Dispur 617 District of Columbia see Washington, D.C. Distrito Capital (Venezuela) 1485 Distrito Federal (Brazil) 231 Distrito Nacional (Dominican Republic) 413 Diu see Daman and Diu Division for the Advancement of Women see UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women Divo 367 Divriği 1237 Dix-Huit Montagnes 367 Diyala 670 Diyarbakır 1231 Djalal-Abad 761 Djambala 358 Djelfa 95 Djémila 100 Djenné 834 Djerba 1228 Djibouti 407 9, , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 70, 71, 72 DKI Jakarta 653 Dniprodzerzhynsk 1252 Dnipropetrovsk 1252, 1255 Dnipropetrovska 1251 Doba 310 Dobrich 244 Dockyard 1321 Doctors Without Borders see Médecins Sans Frontières Dodecanese 550 Dodge City 1396 Dodoma 1199, 1200 Doetinchem 905 Doha 1013, 1014, 1015, 1016 Dolisie see Loubomo (Dolisie) Dolj 1018 Dolni Dubnik 246 Dolnośląskie 997 Dominica , 43, 47, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Dominican Republic , 18, 47, 48, 62, 64, 65, 66 Domoni 350 Donegal 678, 687 Donetsk 1252 Donetska 1251 Dong Ha 1491 Dong Hoi 1491 Dong Nai 1491 Dong Thap 1491 Dong Xoai 1491 Donga 208 Dongguan 324 Donghae 755 Dongula 1158 Donostia see San Sebastián Doornik see Tournai Dordogne 478 Dordrecht 905 Dori 249 Dorset 1295, 1297 Dortmund 514, 522, 537 Dos Hermanas 1143 Dosso 934 Douai 467, 468 Douala 262, 263, 264, 265, 266 Dougga/Thugga 1229 Douglas 1313, 1314 Doukkala-Abda 876 Douro 1007 Dover (Delaware) 1380, 1381 Dover (England) 1284 Dover (New Hampshire) 1419 Down 1309 Downey 1341 Drama 550 Drammen 946 Drenthe 905 Dresden 514, 515, 522, 540 Drobeta-Turnu Severin 1018 Drummondville 294 Duarte 413 Dubai 1258, 1259, 1261, 1262 Dublin (Ireland) 675, 676, 677, 678, 680, 681, 683, 685, 687, 1036 Dublin (Ohio) 1430 Dubrovačko-Neretvanska 371 Dubrovnik 371, 374, 375 Dubuque 1394, 1395 Ducie 1330 Dudelange 803 Duff Islands 1111 Duisburg 514, 537 Dujiangyan 332 Dukhan 1014 Dulles 1382, 1452 Duluth 1408, 1409 Dumfries and Galloway 1301 Dumka 626 Dun Laoghaire 685 Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown 677 Dundalk (Ireland) 675, 685 Dundalk (Maryland) 1403 Dundee 1301, 1304 Dundo 108 Dunedin 916, 918, 919, 921, 924 Dungannon 1309 Dunkerque 466, 467, 475 Duque de Caxias 231 Durango (Colorado) 1378 Durango (Mexico) 852 Durant 1434 Durazno 1469 Durban 1121, 1123, 1127, 1133 Durgapur 603, 646 Durham (England) 1294, 1295, 1297, 1299 Durham (North Carolina) 1340, 1426 Durrës 89, 91, 93 Dushanbe 1195, 1197 Düsseldorf 514, 520, 522, 524, 536, 537 Duszniki Zdrój 1004 Dutse 938 Duusa Marreeb 1115 Düzce 1231 Dzaoudzi 484 Dzhambul see Zhambyl Dzhizak 1475 Dzhohar 1038 E Eagle 1322 Ealing 1297 East African Community 59 East African Development Bank East Ayrshire 1301 East Darfur 1158 East Dunbartonshire 1301 East Equatoria 1138 East Falkland Island 1325, 1326 East Flanders 197 East Gippsland 150, 151 East London (South Africa) 1127, 1130 East Los Angeles 1341 East Lothian 1301 East Meadow 1424 East Midlands (England) 1283, 1297 East New Britain 974 East Orange 1420 East Providence 1438 East region (England) 1297 East region (Iceland) 593 East region (Nepal) 897 East Renfrewshire 1301 East Rennell 1114 East Riding of Yorkshire 1297 East Sepik 974 East Sussex 1297 East Timor see Timor-Leste East York 290 Easter Island 316, 319, 320 Eastern Cape (South Africa) 1121, 1122, Eastern Caribbean Central Bank 64 Eastern district (American Samoa) 1463 Eastern Highlands (Papua New Guinea) 974, 977 Eastern province (Kenya) 735 Eastern province (Rwanda) 1045 Eastern province (Sierra Leone) 1090, 1091 Eastern province (Zambia) 1501 Eastern region (Ghana) 545 Eastern region (Uganda) 1246 Eastern Visayas 989 Easton 1438 Eau Claire 1456, 1458 Ebebiyin 432 Ebeye 840 Ebolowa 263 Ebonyi 939 EBRD 39 Ecatepcec de Morelos 852 Echmiatsin 122 Echternach 807 Eckernförde 518 Economic and Social Committee (EU) 32, 34 Economic Commissions (United Nations) 5, 62, 65 Economic Community of Central African States 60 Economic Community of West African States 60 Economic Co-operation Organization 69 Ecuador , 18, 48, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 72, 73 Ed Daein 1158 Ede (Netherlands) 905 Ede (Nigeria) 939 Edessa 550

27 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1539 Edgeøya 952 Edina 1458 Edinburgh (Scotland) 1267, 1295, 1301, 1303, 1304, 1305 Edinburgh (Tristan da Cunha) 1331 Edirne 1231, 1237 Edison 1420 Edmond 1432, 1433 Edmonton 270, 275, 279, 281 Edmundston 285 Edo 939 Edwardsville 1392 Eenhana 890 Efate 1479, 1481 Effon-Alaiye 939 EFTA 29, 39 40, 55 Eger 585 Egmont 1322 Egypt 43, 53, and European organizations 29, 39, 40, 41 in world organizations 7, 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 66, 70, 71, 72 Ehime 716 Eichstätt 528 Eiði 404 Eilat 692, 693 Eilean Siar 1301 Eindhoven 905, 909, 910 Eisenach 543 Eisenstadt 161 Eisleben 524 Ejigbo 939 Ekaterinburg 1027, 1035 Ekiti 939 El-Aaiún 880 El Alto 216 El Bayadh 95 El Bluff 932 El Campo 1446 El Djazaїr see Algiers El Gurdakah 423 El Hatillo 1489 El Jadida 880 El Jem 1229 El Monte 1341 El Oro 417 El Oued 95 El Paraíso 579 El Paso 1340, 1445, 1447 El Porvenir 968 El Progreso (Guatemala) 560 El Progreso (Honduras) 579 El Salvador , 18, 48, 62, 64, 65, 66 El Seibo 413 El Tajin 856 El Tarf 95 Elazığ 1231 Elba 702 Elbasan 89 Elche 1143, 1149 Eldoret 735, 738 Eleuthera 173 Elgin 1341, 1390 Elia 550 Elías Piña 413 Elista 1040 Elizabeth 1341, 1420 Elizabethtown 1398 Elizavetpol see Gandja Elk Grove 1341, 1374 Elko 1418 Ellice Islands see Tuvalu Ellicott City 1403 Elobey Chico 432 Elobey Grande 432 Elphinstone 647 Eluru 603, 615 Elvas 1012 Elx see Elche Elyria 1430 Embatkala 438 Emberá 968 Embu 735 Emilia Romagna 702 Emmen 905 Emporia 1397 Empty Quarter (Yemen) 1497 Emsland 520 Enathur 642 Encamp 101 Encarnación 980 Enderbury 740 Energy Charter Secretariat 42 Enewetak 840 Enfield 1297 Enga 974, 977 England see also United Kingdom English Bazar see Ingraj Bazar English Harbor 742 Enid 1432 Ennedi 310 Enniskillen 676, 1309 Ennore 612, 641 Enschede 905 Ensenada 852 Entebbe 1246, 1247, 1249 Enterprise 1341 Entre Douro e Vouga 1007 Entre Ríos 113 Enugu 939 Ephraim 1449 Epi 1479 Epirus 550 Epsom 1299 Epworth 1506 Equateur 354 Equatorial Guinea , 47, 58, 59, 60, 66 Ercan 386 Erdek 1234 Erdenet 870, 871 Eregli 1234 Erfurt 514, 543 Erie 1341, 1436 Eritrea , 58, 59, 60, 72 Erlangen 514, 528 Ernakulam 629 Erode 603 Erongo 890 Eros 893 Erromanga 1479 Erstfeld 1186 Erzincan 1231 Erzurum 170, 505, 1231, 1235 Es-Semara 880 Esbjerg 397, 401 Escaldes-Engordany 101, 103 Esch-sur-Alzette 803 Escobedo 852 Escondido 1341, 1374 Escuintla 560 Esfahan 660, 665 Eskifjörður 593 Eskilstuna 1174 Eskişehir 1231 Eslamshahr 660 Esmeraldas 417 Espaillat 413 Espargos 304 Espírito Santo 231, 235 Espiritu Santo 1479, 1481 Espoo 458 Esquimalt 272 Essaouira/Magador 880 Essen 514, 524, 537 Essequibo 571 Essex 1297 Est province (Cameroon) 263 Est region (Burkina Faso) 249 Estelí 929, 930 Estevan 295 Estonia 45, , 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 56, 66, 73 Estoril 1012 Estuaire 495 Esztergom 590 Etah 643 Etawah 603, 643 Etelä-Karjala 457 Etelä-Pohjanmaa 457 Etelä-Savo 457 Ethiopia , 18, 48, 58, 59, 60 Etobicoke 290 Ettadhamen 1226 Eua 1218 Euboea 550 Euclid 1430 Eugene 1341, 1434, 1436 Eunice 1401 EurAsEC 45 Eurasian Economic Community 45 Euratom 26 Eurojust see The European Union's Judicial Cooperation Unit Europa Island 493 European Agency for Largescale IT Systems 35 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work 35 European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders 35 European Atomic Energy Community 26 European Aviation Safety Agency 35 European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 39 European Broadcasting Union 41 European Central Bank 28, 29, 34 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control 35 European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training 35 European Chemicals Agency 35 European Coal and Steel Community 26 European Commission 28, 30 1, 41, 55, 65 European Council 28, 32 3 European Council on Foreign Relations 76 European Court of Auditors 28, 33 European Court of Justice 28, 33 European Court of Human Rights 38 European Data Protection Supervisor 34 European Defence Agency 28, 35 European Economic Area 29, 40 European Economic Community 26 European Environment Agency 29, 35 European Fisheries Control Agency 35 European Food Safety Authority 35 European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions 35

28 1540 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX European Free Trade Association 29, 39 40, 55 European GNSS Agency 36 European Institute for Gender Equality 36 European Investment Bank 34 European Investment Fund 34 European Maritime Safety Agency 36 European Medicines Agency 36 European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction 36 European Network and Information Security Agency 36 European Ombudsman 34 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) 40 European Parliament 28, 33 European Police College 36 European Police Office 36 European Railway Agency 36 European Regional Development Fund 30 European Social Fund 30 European Space Agency 40 European Trade Union Confederation 42 European Training Foundation 36 European Union 26 37, 66, 68, 69, 70 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 36 European Union Institute for Security Studies 28, 36 European Union Satellite Centre 36 European Youth Foundation 38 Europol 36 Evanston 1392 Evansville 1341, 1393, 1394 Everett 1341, 1453 Evinayong 432, 435 Évora 1011, 1012 Evros 550 Evrytania 550 Ewo 358 Exeter 1299 Extremadura 1142 Extrême-Nord province (Cameroon) 263 Exuma and Cays 173 Eysturoy 403, 404 F Fada 310 Fada N Gourma 249 Fagatogo 1463 Faial 1007 Fairbanks 1368, 1369 Fairbanks North Star 1368 Fairfax 1452 Fairfield (California) 1341 Fairfield (Ohio) 1430 Fairlie 919 Fairmont 1455, 1456 Faisalabad 958, 963 Faizabad 603, 643, 644 Fakaofo 925 Falcón 1485 Falkirk 1301 Falkland Islands 44, 112, 113, 114, 1318, Fall River 1405, 1406 Fallon 1418 Falmouth 1300 Falun 1174, 1180 Famagusta 382, 384, 386 Fangataufa 486 Fanning Island see Tabuaeran Far-Eastern district (Russia) 1027 Far West district (New South Wales) 140 Far West region (Nepal) 897 Farafangana 812 Farah 84 Farakka 646 Faranah 564 Farghona see Ferghana Fargo 1341, 1428, 1429 Faridabad 603, 622 Faridkot 638 Farim 568 Farmington 1402 Farnham 1299 Faro 1011 Faroe Islands 20, 29, 41, 396, 398, Farquhar 1086, 1322 Farrukhabad 603, 643 Fars 660 Farwaniya 757 Faryab 84 Fasil Ghebbi 449 Faslane 1275 Fatehabad 622 Fatehpur 613, 643 Fatick 1074 Fatu Hiva 486 Faya 310 Fayette 1395 Fayetteville (Arkansas) 1372 Fayetteville (North Carolina) 1341, 1426 Fayum 423 Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) 938, 939 Federal Capital Territory (Pakistan) 958 Federal District (Mexico) 852 Federal Way 1453 Feira de Santana 231 Fejér 585 Fenoarivobe 812 Ferghana 1475 Fermanagh 1309 Fernando de Noronha 237 Ferozepur 623, 637 Ferrara 700, 702, 709 Ferrol 1145 Fertö 165, 591 Fès see Fez Fès-Boulemane 876 Fez 877, 880 Fianarantsoa 812 Fier 89, 90 Fife 1275, 1301 Fiji Islands , 43, 67, 69, 79 Filchner Ice Shelf 1322 Findlay 1430 Fingal 677 Finke 138 Finland , 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 73 Finnmark 944, 945 Firenze see Florence (Italy) Firozabad 603 Fish Town 784 Fishers 1393 Fitchburg 1406 Flagstaff 1370, 1371 Flamingo Bay 1161 Flemish Brabant 197 Flensburg 542 Flevoland 904, 905 Flint 1341, 1407, 1408 Flint Island 740 Flintshire 1306 Florence (Italy) 699, 700, 702, 703, 707, 708, 709 Florence (Kentucky) 1398 Florence (South Carolina) 1441 Florencia 345 Florennes 199 Flores (Guatemala) 563 Flores (Portugal) 1007 Flores (Uruguay) 1469 Florianópolis 231 Florida (Uruguay) 1469 Florida (USA) 1335, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1364, Florida Islands 1111 Florina 550 Florissant 1412 Foça 1234 Focşani 1018 Foggia 702 Fogo 302 Fomboni 350 Fond du Lac 1456 Fongafale 1242 Fontainebleau 478 Fontana 1341, 1374 Fontenay 478 Fontvielle 865, 867 Food and Agriculture Organization Fordo 663 Forli 702 Formentera 1142, 1143 Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia see Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Formosa 113 Fort Bragg 1349 Fort Collins 1341, 1377, 1378 Fort-de-France 482, 483 Fort Kent 1402 Fort Lauderdale 1341, 1361, 1383, 1384 Fort-Liberté 575 Fort McMurray 279 Fort Myers 1385 Fort Providence 298 Fort Resolution 298 Fort St John 281 Fort Saskatchewan 279 Fort Simpson 298 Fort Smith (Arkansas) 1372 Fort Smith (Northwest Territories) 297, 298 Fort Wayne 1340, 1393 Fort Worth 1340, 1361, 1445, 1446, 1447 Fortaleza 231, 236 Forth 1284, 1303 Foshan 324 Framingham 1406 France , 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 in other organizations 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 57, 58, 62, 64, 66, 67, 69, 70, 73 in UN 4, 5, 7, 8 minor territories 493 overseas collectivities overseas departments and regions sui generis collectivities Franceville 495, 497, 498 Franche-Comté 467, 478 Francisco de Orellana 418 Francisco Morazán 579 Francistown 225 Frankfort 1398 Frankfurt 511, 514, 515, 520, 521, 522, 531, 532, 533 Franklin 1443 Fraser Institute 76 Fraser Island 135 Fraser River 275

29 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1541 Fraserburg 1135 Fraserburgh 1281, 1302 Fray Bentos 1469 Frederick 1403 Fredericton 285, 286 Frederiksberg 397 Frederikshavn 399 Frederiksted 1466 Fredrikstad 946 Free State (South Africa) 1121, 1122, 1129, Freeport (Bahamas) 173, 175, 176 Freeport (New York) 1424 Freetown 1090, 1091, 1092, 1093 Fregate 1086 Freiburg (Germany) 514, 523, 526 Freiburg (Switzerland) see Fribourg Freising 523 Fremantle 132, 153, 155 Fremont (California) 1340, 1374 Fremont (Nebraska) 1415, 1416 French Guiana 62, French Institute of International Relations 76 French Polynesia 69, 70, 473, 479, Fresno 1340, 1374 Fria 566 Fribourg 1182, 1183, 1187 Friedrich Ebert Foundation 76 Friedrichshafen 526 Friesland 905 Frisco 1341, 1445 Friuli-Venezia Giulia 702 Fromager 367 Frostburg 1404 Frunze see Bishkek Fuchu 716 Fuenlabrada 1143 Fuerteventura 1142, 1143 Fuglafjørður 404 Fujairah 1258, 1259, 1261, 1262 Fuji 716 Fujian 323, 340 Fujisawa 716 Fukui 716 Fukuoka 716, 722, 723 Fukushima 715, 716, 720 Fukuyama 716 Fulacunda 568 Fullerton 1341, 1374 Funabashi 716 Funafuti 1242, 1243 Funchal 1007, 1011 Fundação Getulio Vargas 76 Fürth 514 Futuna see Wallis and Futuna Fuzhou 323, 324 Fylingdales 1275 FYROM see Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) G Gaalkacyo 1115, 1116 Gabés 1226, 1228 Gabon , 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 72 Gaborone 225, 226, 228 Gabrovo 244 Gabú 568 Gadag 627 Gafsa 1226 Gagauz Yeri 862 Gaggal 624 Gagnoa 367 Gainesville 1341, 1383, 1385 Galápagos 417, 418, 421 Galaţi 1018, 1022 Galgudug 1115 Gali 507 Galicia 1142 Galle 1151, 1155, 1156 Galveston 1445 Galway 677, 685, 687 Gambella 447 Gambia , 43, 48, 51, 56, 58, 60 Gambier Islands 486 Gammelstad 1180 Gampaha 1151 Gand see Ghent Gander 287 Gandhidham 621 Gandhigram 641 Gandhinagar 608, 621 Gandja 168 Ganganagar 603, 638 Gangapur 638 Gangawati 627 Gangtok 640 Gangwon 751 Ganjam 636 Gansu 323, 332 Gao 831, 834 Gaoua 249 Garbahaarrey 1115 Garðabær 593 Garden Grove 1341, 1374 Gardner see Nikumaroro Garff 1313 Garhwal 644 Garissa 735, 738 Garland 1340, 1445 Garo Hills 617, 633 Garoua 263, 265 Garowe 1115, 1116 Gary 1392, 1393 Gash Barka 436 Gaspar Grande 1221 Gatineau 270, 293 Gatwick 1283 Gauhati 612 Gauteng 1121, 1122, 1129, Gävle 1174 Gävleborg 1173 Gaya 603, 618, 619 Gaza (Mozambique) 881 Gaza (Palestine) 12, 14, 689, 690, 695, 696, 697 Gaziantep 1231 Gbarnga 784 Gbarpolu 784 Gdańsk 995, 996, 997, 998, 1002 Gdynia 996, 997, 1000, 1002, 1004 Gebze 1231 Gedo 1115, 1116 Geelong 152 Geita 1199, 1200 Gelderland 904, 905 Gelsenkirchen 514 Geneina 1158 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 29 General Santos 989 Geneva 1036, 1181, 1182, 1185, 1186, 1187 Genève see Geneva Genève-Annemasse 468 Genk 197 Genoa 700, 702, 707, 709 Genova see Genoa Gent see Ghent Gentofte 397 George Town (Cayman Islands) 1324, 1325 George Town (Tasmania) 149 Georgetown (Ascension Island) 1331 Georgetown (Delaware) 1381 Georgetown (Guyana) 571, 573 Georgetown (Kentucky) 1398, 1399 Georgetown (Malaysia) 822, 827 Georgetown (Prince Edward Island) 293 Georgia , 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 44, 45, 47, 48, 52, 56, 66, 67 Georgia (USA) 1339, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1357, 1358, Geraldton 153 German Council on Foreign Relations 76 German Institute for International and Security Affairs 77 Germantown 1403 Germany , 1274 Bundesländer , 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 63, 64, 66, 67, 73 in UN 4, 5, 7, 8 Gerona see Girona Getafe 1143 Gezira 1158 Ghadamès 792 Ghana , 43, 47, 48, 58, 60, 66 Ghanzi 225 Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen 876 Gharbia 423 Ghardaia 95 Gharyan 789 Ghat 789 Ghaziabad 603 Ghazipur 643 Ghazni 84 Ghent 195, 196, 197, 202, 203 Ghowr 84 Ghubriah 955 Gia Lai 1491 Gia Nghia 1491 Gibraltar 44, 1318, Giessen 533 Gifu 716 Gijón 1143 Gikongoro 1045 Gilan 660 Gilbert 1341, 1370 Gilbert Islands 740 Gilgit-Baltistan 958 Gillette 1458 Gioia Tauro 707 Gippsland 130, 150 Giresun 1231 Giridih 626 Girne 386 Girona 1142, 1147 Gisborne 918, 921 Gisenyi 1045 Gitarama 1045 Gitega 253 Giugliano in Campania 702 Giurgiu 1018 Giza 423, 427 Gizo 1111 Gjirokastër 90, 93 Gladstone 132, 143 Glamorgan, Vale of 1306 Glaris see Glarus Glarus 1181, 1182, 1183 Glasgow 1267, 1283, 1301, 1303, 1304, 1305 Glassboro 1421 Glastonbury 1295 Glen Burnie 1403

30 1542 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Glendale (Arizona) 1340, 1370 Glendale (California) 1341, 1374 Glenfaba 1313 Glenville 1456 Gliwice 997 Glorieuses Islands 493 Gloucestershire 1295, 1297 Glücksburg 518 Glyndebourne 1295 Gmunden 165 Gniezno 1003 Goa 602, 604, 608, 612, 613, 614, Gobabis 890 Godhra 602, 621 Godthåb see Nuuk Goiânia 231 Goiás 231, 237 Gokayama 723 Golan Heights 690, 695, 1189 Gölcük 1234 Gold Coast 143 Golden 1378 Golestan 660 Golmud 324 Goma 354, 356 Gombe 938, 939 Gomera 1142, 1144 Gómez Palacio 852 Gonaïves 575 Gonda 643 Gonder 447 Gondia 631 Goodwell 1434 Goose Bay 287, 288 Gopalpur 637 Gorakhpur 603, 611, 643, 644 Goražde 221 Gorée Island 1077 Gorey 1317 Gorgan 660 Gorgol 843 Gorham 1402 Gorj 1018 Gorno-Altaisk 1038 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Tajikistan) 1195, 1198 Goroka 974, 976, 977 Gorontalo 653 Goslar 524 Gospić 371 Göteborg see Gothenburg Gothenburg 1174, 1178, 1179 Gotland 396, 1173, 1174 Göttingen 514, 535 Gouda 905 Gough Island 1295, 1331 Goulburn 150 Goyang 751 Goz Beïda 310 Gozo 835, 838, 839 Gracias a Dios 579 Graciosa (Portugal) 1007 Graciosa (Spain) 1142 Graham Land 1322 Grahamstown 1129 Grambling 1401 Gran Canaria 1142, 1143 Granada (Nicaragua) 929, 930 Granada (Spain) 1140, 1142, 1143, 1148 Grand Bahama 173, 175 Grand Bassa 784 Grand-Bassam 370 Grand-Bourg 481 Grand Caicos 1333 Grand Cape Mount 784 Grand Casablanca 876 Grand Cayman 1324, 1325 Grand Falls-Windsor 287 Grand Forks 1428, 1429 Grand Gedeh 784 Grand Island 1415 Grand Junction 1377, 1378 Grand Kru 784 Grand Prairie 1341, 1445 Grand Rapids 1341, 1407 Grand Turk 1333, 1334 Grande Anse (Guadeloupe) 481 Grande Anse (Haiti) 575 Grande Comore see Njazídja Grande Lisboa 1007 Grande Porto 1007 Grande Prairie 279 Grande Terre (New Caledonia) 490 Grande-Terre (Guadeloupe) 481 Grangemouth 1284, 1303 Granitic Islands 1086 Granma 376 Graubünden 795, 1182, 1183 Graz 161, 165 Great Andamans 647 Great Britain see United Kingdom Great Falls 1413, 1414 Great Nicobar 647 Great Sark 1315 Greater Accra 545, 548 Greater Sudbury 270, 290 Greece , 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 66, 73 Greeley 1377, 1378 Green Bay 1341, 1456, 1457, 1458 Green Island 340, 342 Greencastle 1394 Greenfield 1456 Greenland 26, 29, 41, 396, 398, 403, Greensboro 1340, 1426 Greenville (Liberia) 784, 787 Greenville (Maine) 1401 Greenville (Mississippi) 1410 Greenville (North Carolina) 1428 Greenville (South Carolina) 1440 Greenwich 1295, 1297, 1299 Greenwood 1441 Greifswald 536 Grenada , 43, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Grenadines see St Vincent and the Grenadines Grenoble 466, 467, 475 Gresham 1341, 1434 Grevena 550 Grimeton 1180 Grimsby 1284 Grimshaw 298 Grindavík 593 Grinnell 1395 Grisons see Graubünden Groningen (Netherlands) 905, 908 Groningen (Suriname) 1164 Grootfontein 890 Gros Inlet 1052 Grozny 1038, 1039 Guadalajara (Mexico) 852, 854, 856 Guadalajara (Spain) 1142 Guadalcanal 1111 Guadalupe 852 Guadeloupe 62, 479, Guainía 345 Guairá 978 Guam 70, 1339, 1340, 1345, 1350, 1361, 1460, Guanacaste 362 Guanajuato 852, 856 Guanare 1485 Guangdong 323, 329, 336 Guangxi Zhuang 323 Guangzhou 323, 324, 330, 331 Guanta 1488 Guantánamo 376, 377, 378 Guaranda 417 Guararé 972 Guárico 1485 Guarulhos 231 Guatemala , 18, 48, 62, 64, 65, 66, 73 Guatemala City 560, 562, 563 Guaviare 345 Guayaquil 417, 418, 419, 420, 421 Guayas 417 Guayubin 416 Guča 1083 Gudivada 615 Gudiyatham 641 Guéckédougou 564 Guelma 95 Guelmin-Es Semara 876 Guelph 270, 290, 292 Guéra 310 Guernsey 1315, 1316, Guerrero 852 Guidimaka 843 Guiglo 367 Guildford 1299 Guimarães 1012 Guinea , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 60, 61 Guinea-Bissau , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Guipúzcoa 1142 Guiyang 323, 324 Guizhou 323 Gujranwala 958 Gujarat 602, 603, 604, 609, 610, 612, 614, Gulbarga 603, 614, 626, 627, 628 Gulf Co-operation Council 40, 71 Gulf province (Papua New Guinea) 974 Gulfport 1410 Gulistan 1475 Gulu 1246 Gumma 716 Gümüşhane 1231 Guna 629 Gunnison 1378 Gunsan 755 Guntakal 615 Guntur 603, 637 Gurev see Atyraū Gurgaon 603, 622 Guruvayur 628 Gusau 939 Gustavia 488 Guwahati 603, 611, 617, 634 Guyana , 43, 48, 56, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67 Güzelyurt 386 Gwadar 961, 963 Gwalior 603, 612, 629, 630 Gwangju 751, 755 Gweru 1510 Gwynedd 1295, 1306, 1308 Gyalshing 640 Gyeonggi 751 Gyeongju 756 Gyeongsangbuk 751 Gyeongsangnam 751 Győr 585 Győr-Moson-Sopron 585 Gyumri 120, 121 Ha Giang 1491 Ha Long 1491 H

31 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1543 Ha Nam 1491 Ha Tinh 1491 Ha apai 1218 Haarlem 905, 911 Haarlemmermeer 905 Habra 603, 645 Hachioji 716 Hackney 1297 Hadhramaut 1497 Hadjer-Lamis 310 Haeju 745 Haerbin 323, 324 Hafnarfjörður 593 Hagåtña 1465 Hagen 514, 537 Hahoe 756 Hai Duong 1491 Hai Phong 1491, 1495 Haifa 689, 690, 692, 694, 695 Haikou 323 Haina 416 Hainan 323, 330 Hainaut 196, 197 Haines (Alaska) 301, 1370 Haines Junction (Yukon) 300 Hairatan 87 Haiti 4, in world organizations 4, 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Hajdú-Bihar 585 Hajipur 611, 618 Hajjah 1497 Hakkâri 1231 Hakodate 716 Halab see Aleppo Halaniyat Islands 953, 1496 Halden 946 Haldia 645, 646 Haldwani 644 Halifax (Nova Scotia) 270, 272, 278, 288, 289, 290 Halland 396, 1172, 1173 Halle 514, 540 Halmstad 1174 Hälsingland 1180 Halton 1297 Halul 1013 Hamad Town 177 Hamadan 660 Hamah 1190 Hamamatsu 716 Hamar 946 Hamar Islands 1013 Hambantota 1151, 1154, 1155 Hamburg 513, 514, 515, 520, 521, 522, 523, Hämeenlinna 458 Hamhung 745 Hamilton (Bermuda) 1320, 1321 Hamilton (New York) 1426 Hamilton (New Zealand) 918, 924 Hamilton (Ohio) 1430 Hamilton (Ontario) 270, 290 Hamilton (Scotland) 1304 Hamirpur 623 Hamm 514 Hammersmith and Fulham 1297 Hammond 1393 Hampden-Sydney 1452 Hampi 613 Hampshire 1297 Hampton 1341, 1451 Hanau 533 Hangzhou 323, 324, 331, 332 Haninge 1174 Hanish, Greater and Lesser 1497 Hanoi 1490, 1491, 1494, 1495 Hanover (Germany) 511, 514, 515, 520, 521, 522, 534, 535 Hanover (Jamaica) 710 Hantam 1135 Hao 486 Happy Valley-Goose Bay 287 Hapur 643 Harar 447 Harar Jugol 449 Harare 1505, 1506, 1510, 1511, 1512 Harbour Island 173 Hardap 890 Hardenberg 905 Hardoi 643 Hardwar 603, 644, 645 Hargeisa 1115, 1116, 1117, 1118 Harghita 1018 Haringey 1297 Härjedalen 396, 1172 Harper 784, 787 Harrisburg 1436, 1437 Harrisonburg 1452 Harrow 1297 Hartford 1341, 1379, 1380 Hartlepool 1284, 1297 Haryana 602, 604, 612, 614, Harz 520 Hasakah 1190 Hasimara 214 Haskovo 244 Hassan 627 Hasselt 197, 202, 203, 909 Hässleholm 1174 Hastings (Nebraska) 1415, 1416 Hastings (Victoria) 152 Hat Yai 1205, 1208 Hatay 1231 Hatfield 1299 Hathras 643 Hato Mayor 413 Hatra 674 Hattiesburg 1410, 1411 Hattusha 1237 Hau Giang 1491 Haugesund 946 Haulbowline 680 Haut-M bomou 306 Haut-Ogooué 495 Haut-Sassandra 367 Haute-Kotto 306 Haute Matsiatra 812 Haute-Normandie 467 Hauts-Bassins 249 Hauz Khas 650 Havana 376, 377, 379, 380 Havering 1297 Havířrov 390 Havre 1414 Hawaii 1339, 1340, 1342, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1362, 1364, 1365, Hawalli 757 Hawke s Bay 918, 921 Hay-on-Wye 1295 Hay Point 132 Hay River 297, 298 Hays 1397 Hayward 1341, 1374 Hazaribag 626 Heard and McDonald Islands 44, 125, 135, 157 Heathrow 1283, 1361 Hebbal 628 Hebei 323, 329, 332 Heber Springs 1373 Hedeby 396 Hedmark 945 Heerlen 905 Hefei 323, 324 Heglig 1139 Hegoumenitsa 550 Heidelberg 514, 526, 537 Heilbronn 514 Heilongjiang 323 Hejaz 1067 Hel 1000 Hela 974 Helao Nafidi 890 Helena 1413, 1414 Heliopolis 426 Helmand 84 Helmond 905 Helsingborg 1174 Helsinki 456, 458, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464 Helwan 423 Hempstead 1424, 1426 Henan 323, 332 Henderson (Kentucky) 1398 Henderson (Nevada) 1340, 1417, 1418 Henderson (Pitcairn Islands) 1295, 1330 Hendersonville 1443 Henecán 582 Henegouwen see Hainaut Hengelo 905 Henley 1296 Heraklion 550, 555 Herat 84 Herdecke 537 Heredia 362 Herefordshire 1297 Heritage Foundation 77 Herm 1315 Hermosillo 852 Hermoupolis 550 Herne 514 Heroica Matamoros 852 Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza 852 Herrera 968 Hertfordshire 1297 s-hertogenbosch 905 Hesperange 803 Hessen 513, 514, Heves 585 Hewanorra 1054 Hhohho 1168 Hialeah 1340, 1383 Hicksville 1424 Hidalgo 852 Hierro 1142, 1144 Higashiosaka 716 High Point 1341, 1426 Highland 1301 Hihifo (Tonga) 1218 Hihifo (Wallis and Futuna) 490 Hiiumaa 441 Hildesheim 514, 524, 535 Hillingdon 1297 Hillsboro 1434 Hilversum 905 Himachal Pradesh 602, 604, 612, 614, Himeji 716 Himeji-jo 723 Hims see Homs Hinche 575 Hindupur 615 Hiraizumi 723 Hirakata 716 Hiran 1115 Hiratsuka 716, 723 Hiroshima 715, 716, 717, 722, 723 Hisar 603, 622, 623 Hitan-al-Janubiyah 757 Hitura 461 Hiva Oa 486 Ho 545 Ho Chi Minh City 1491, 1494, 1495 Hoa Binh 1491 Hobart 125, 126, 148, 149 Hoboken 1420 Hodh ech-chargui 843 Hodh el-gharbi 843 Hofuf 1072 Hohenheim 526 Hohhot 323 Hoi An 1495 Hokkaido 715, 716, 722 Holetown 189

32 1544 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Holguín 376, 377, 378 Hollywood (Florida) 1341, 1361, 1383, 1384 Holy See see Vatican City Holyhead 1284 Home Island 156 Homel 190 Homs 1190 Honduras , 48, 62, 64, 65, 66 Hong Kong 40, 67, 323, 330, 331, 333 7, 339 Honiara 1111, 1113 Honolulu 1340, 1387, 1388 Honshu 714, 715, 720, 722 Hoogeveen 905 Hoorn 905 Hoover 1366 Hoover Institution 77 Hopen 952 Hopkinsville (Kentucky) 1398 Hordaland 945 Horezu 1023 Horlivka 1252 Hormozgan 660 Horn Lake 1410 Horsburgh Island 156 Horsens 397 Horsley Hills 615 Horyu-ji 723 Hoshangabad 629 Hoshiarpur 637 Hospet 627 Houa Phan 765 Houlton 1401 Hounslow 1297 Houston 1340, 1361, 1400, 1445, 1446, 1447 Hovedstaden see Capital region (Denmark) Howland Island 1467 Howrah 646 Hradec Králové 390, 395 Hrodno 190 Hsinchu 340 Huacho 983 Huahine 486 Hualien 340, 342 Huambo 105, 107, 108 Huancavelica 983 Huancayo 983 Huánuco 983 Huaráz 983 Hubei 323 Hubli 611, 627 Hubli-Dharwad 603 Huddersfield 1299 Huddinge 1174 Hue 1491, 1495 Huehuetenango 560 Huelva 1142, 1143 Huesca 1142 Huevos 1221 Huíla (Angola) 105 Huila (Colombia) 345 Hull (England) see Kingstonupon-Hull Hull (Kiribati) see Orona Human Rights Watch 77 Humboldt 295 Humphrey see Manihiki Hun 789 Hunan 323, 329 Hunedoara 1018 Hung Yen 1491 Hungary , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 66, 73 Hungnam 748 Hunter (New South Wales) 140 Hunter Island 1479 Huntington 1454, 1455, 1456 Huntington Beach 1341, 1374 Huntsville 1341, 1366 Hunumangarh 638 Hurghada 425, 426 Húsavík 593 Hwangumpyong 747 Hwasun 756 Hyderabad (India) 601, 603, 604, 608, 612, 614, 615, 616 Hyderabad (Pakistan) 958, 963 Hyesan 745, 748 Hyogo 716 Hyvinkää 458 I IAEA 24 5 Ialomiţa 1018 Iaşi 1018, 1023 IATA 46 Ibadan 937, 939, 942 Ibagué 345 Ibaraki 716 Ibarra 418 Ibb 1497 Ibero-American General Secretariat 65 Ibiza 1142, 1143, 1147, 1149 Ica 983 Iceland , 29, 37, 38, 39, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 52, 55, 66 Ichalkaranji 603 Ichihara 716 Ichikawa 716 Ichinomiya 716 Idaho 1340, 1344, 1346, 1357, 1358, 1362, 1364, Idaho Falls 1389 Idlib 1190 Idrija 1149 Ife 939 Ifrane 880 Igboho 939 Iğdır 1231 Ignalina 800 Igoumenitsa 555 Ihorombe 812 Ihosy 812 Ijebu-Ode 939 Ikare 939 Ikeja 939 Ikerre 939 Ikire 939 Ikirun 939 Ikorodu 939 Ila 939 Ilam 660 Ilan 340 Ilawe-Ekiti 939 Île-de-France 467, 475 Île de la Gonâve 575 Île Tintamarre 488 Ilebo 356 Îles de Hoorn 489 Îles des Saintes 481 Ilesha 939 Ilfov 1018 Ilhas Desertas 1007 Ilhas Selvagens 1007 Illawarra 140 Illichivsk 1256 Illinois 1339, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1364, 1365, Illizi 95 Ilo 219, 986 Ilobu 939 Ilocos 989 Iloilo 989, 992 Ilorin 938, 939 Imathia 550 Imatra 458 Imbabura 418 IMF 18 20, 55 Immingham 1284 Imo 939 Impfondo 358 Imphal 603, 612, 632, 633 Imus 989 Inaccessible Island 1295, 1331 Inagua 173 Incheon 751, 755, 756 Inchiri 843 Independence 1341, 1412 Independencia 413 India 40, 55, , 18, 43, 48, 57, 58, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73 states and territories Indiana 1339, 1344, 1346, Indianapolis 1340, 1392, 1393, 1394 Indonesia 40, 55, , 18, 51, 56, 67, 68, 69, 72 Indore 603, 612, 629, 630 Inglewood 1341 Ingolstadt 514 Ingraj Bazar 603, 645 Ingushetia 1040 Inhambane 881 Inisa 939 Inner Mongolia 323, 329 Innsbruck 161, 165 Institute for Government 77 Institute of World Economy and International Relations 77 Inter-American Development Bank 55, 64, 65 Inter-American Institute for Co-operation on Agriculture 65 Inter-Parliamentary Union 50 Intergovernmental Authority on Development 60 International Air Transport Association 46 International Atomic Energy Agency 24 5 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development 10, 12, 14 15, 55, 69 International Black Sea Club 42 International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes 16 International Civil Aviation Organization 16 International Committee of the Red Cross 46 International Computing Centre 12 International Court of Justice 5 6 International Criminal Court 4, 46 International Criminal Police Organization 50 International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 27 International Crisis Group 77 International Development Association 15 International Energy Agency 56 International Finance Corporation 15 International Fund for Agricultural Development 16 International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 47 International Institute for Strategic Studies 77

33 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1545 International Labour Organization 12, International Maritime Organization 17 International Mobile Satellite Organization 47 International Monetary Fund 18 20, 55 International Olympic Committee 47 International Organisation of La Francophonie 47 International Organization for Migration 47 8 International Organization for Standardization 48 International Road Federation 48 International Seabed Authority 48 9 International Telecommunications Satellite Organization 49 International Telecommunication Union 20 International Trade Union Confederation 49 International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea International Union Against Cancer 50 Interpol 50 Intibucá 579 Inuvik 297, 298, 301 Invercargill 918 Inverclyde 1301 Inverness 1269, 1304 Ioannina 550 Ionian Islands region 550 Iowa 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Iowa City 1394, 1395 Ipoh 822, 826 Iqaluit 297, 298, 299 Iquique 316, 318, 319 Iquitos 983, 984 Iran , 48, 51, 56, 69, 70, 72 Irapuato 852 Iraq 4, 43, 53, , , 51, 56, 70, 71, 72 Irbid 725, 726 Irbil 669, 670, 673, 674 Ireland, Republic of , 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 43, 48, 52, 55, 66, 67 Irian Jaya see Papua Irian Jaya Barat see Papua Barat Iringa 1199 Ironbridge 1295 Irondequoit 1424 Irrawaddy see Ayeyarwady Iruña see Pamplona Irvine 1340, 1374 Irving 1340, 1445 Irvington 1420 Isa Town 177, 179 Isabel 1111 Ísafjörður 593 Iseyin 939 Ishikawa 716 İskele 386 İskenderun 1234 Isla de la Juventud 376 Isla de Pascua see Easter Island Islamabad 957, 958, 962, 963 Islamic Development Bank 51 Islas de la Bahía 579 Islas Diego Ramírez 316 Islas Juan Fernández 316 Isle of Anglesey 1306 Isle of Man 1281, 1294, Isle of Pines (Cuba) see Isla de la Juventud Isle of Pines (New Caledonia) 491 Isle of Wight 1297 Isle of Youth see Isla de la Juventud Isles of Scilly 1297 Islington 1297 Ismailia 423 Isparta 1231 Israel 11, 53, and European organizations 29, 39, 40, 42 18, 48, 55, 66, 72 Issyk-Kul 761 İstanbul 1231, 1234, 1235, 1236, 1237 Istarska 371 Istria 371 Itabira 235 Italy , 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 in other organizations 7, 8, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 73 Itanagar 616 Itapúa 978 Itaqui 236 Itarsi 629, 630 Itasy 812 Ithaca 1426 Itsukushima 723 Itta Bena 1411 Ituni 573 Ivano-Frankivsk 1252 Ivano-Frankivska 1251 Ivanovo 248 Iwaki 716 Iwate 716 Iwo 939 Ixtapaluca 852 Izabal 560 Izhevsk 1043 Izmail 1256 İzmir 1231, 1234, 1236 Izmit 1231 J Jabalpur 603, 611, 629, 630 Jaboatão dos Guararapes 231 Jackson (Mississippi) 1341, 1410, 1411 Jackson (Tennessee) 1443 Jacksonville 1340, 1383, 1384, 1385 Jacmel 575 Jaco 1210 Jaén 1142, 1143 Jaffa 689, 690 Jaffna 1150, 1151, 1155 Jagdalpur 619 Jahra 757 Jaintia Hills 617, 633 Jaipur 603, 611, 612, 613, 638, 639 Jakarta 652, 653, 654, 655, 656, 657 Jakarta Raya 656 Jalalabad 84 Jalandhar 603 Jalapa 560 Jalgaon 603, 632 Jalingo 938 Jalisco 852 Jalna 603, 631 Jalpaiguri 645 Jaluit 840 Jamaica , 43, 48, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Jambi 653 Jamestown 1331 Jammu 603 Jammu and Kashmir 602, 604, 607, 612, 614, Jamnagar 603, 622 Jamshedpur 603 Jämtland 396, 1172, 1173 Jan Mayen 946, 952 Janakpur 900 Janesville 1456 Jangdan 755 Jangjangbureh 499 Japan , , 14, 18, 39, 48, 55, 57, 58, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 Järfälla 1174 Järvenpää 458, 464 Jarvis Island 740, 1468 Jász-Nagykún-Szolnok 585 Jaunpur 643, 644 Java 653, 657 Jawa Barat 653 Jawa Tengah 653 Jawa Timur 653 Jawaharlal Nehru 612 Jawhar 1116 Jawor 1003 Jawzjan 84 Jayanagar 900 Jayapura 653 Jebel Ali 1261, 1262 Jeddah 1068, 1070, 1072 Jefferson City 1412 Jeffersontown 1398 Jeju 751, 755, 756 Jelgava 770 Jelling 403 Jena 514 Jendouba 1226 Jeollabuk 751 Jeollanam 751 Jeonju 751 Jerash 725 Jérémie 575 Jerez de la Frontera 1143 Jericho 690, 697 Jersey 1315, Jersey City 1340, 1420 Jerusalem 688, 689, 690, 691, 694, 695, 696, 725, 1036 Jervis Bay 125, 133, 136, 140 Jessore 185 Jethou 1315 Jetpur 622 Jhajjar 622 Jhansi 603, 644 Jharkhand 602, 604, 612, 614, 618, 619, Jhunjhunun 638 Jiangsu 323 Jiangxi 322, 323 Jigawa 938 Jihlava 390 Jihočeský 390 Jihomoravský 390 Jijel 95, 98 Jilib 1115 Jilin 323 Jinan 323, 324 Jind 622 Jinhae 752 Jinja 1246 Jinotega 929 Jinotepe 929 Jiwaka 974 Jizan 1072 Jizzakh see Dzhizak João Pessoa 231 Jodhpur 603, 638, 639 Joensuu 458, 463 Joggins 278 Jogindernagar 624 Johannesburg 1121, 1124, 1127, 1128, 1132, 1135

34 1546 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Johnson City 1443 Johnston Atoll 1340, 1468 Johor 820, 822, 1094, 1097 Johor Bharu 822, 826 Johor Pasir Gudang 826 Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS 12 Joliet 1341, 1390 Jonesboro 1372, 1373 Jönköping 1173, 1174 Jordan 12, 43, 53, and European organizations 29, 39, 40 18, 48, 51, 56, 70, 71, 72 Jordanstown 1312 Jorhat 617 Jos 937, 938, 939 Jost Van Dyke 1322 Jounieh 779 Juan de Nova Island 493 Juárez 852 Juba 1138, 1139 Jubail 1070, 1071 Jubbada Dexe 1115 Jubbada Hoose 1115, 1116 Jubberhatti 624 Juigalpa 929, 930 Juiz de Fora 231 Jujuy 113 Jullundur 637 Junagadh 603 Jundubah see Jendouba Juneau 1368, 1369, 1370 Jungoli 1138 Junín 983 Jura 1182, 1183 Jurmala 770 Jurong 1097, 1098 Jutiapa 560 Jyväskylä 458, 463 K Kaarina 458 Kabardino-Balkaria 1040 Kabul 53, 83, 84, 87, 88 Kabwe 1501, 1502, 1504 Kachchativu 1151 Kachin State 885 Kadapa 603 Kadmat Island 650 Kadugli 1158 Kaduna 938, 939 Kaédi 843, 846 Kaesong 745 Kaf see Le Kef Kaffrine 1074 Kafr El Shaikh 423 Kaga-Bandoro 306 Kagawa 716 Kagera 1199 Kagoshima 716, 722 Kahoolawe 1387 Kahramanmaraş 1231 Kailahun 1091 Kainuu 457 Kaiping 332 Kairouan 1226, 1229 Kaiserslautern 538 Kaithal 622 Kajaani 458 Kakamega 735 Kakanda 565 Kakata 784 Kakinada 603, 615 Kakogawa 716 Kalahari 1135 Kalamazoo 1407 Kalemie 357 Kalgoorlie-Boulder 153 Kaliapani 636 Kalimantan 653 Kalimantan Barat 653 Kalimantan Selatin 653 Kalimantan Tengah 653 Kalimantan Timur 653 Kalimantan Utara 653 Kalingapatnam 615 Kaliningrad 801, 1027, 1032 Kalispell 1413 Kalka 624 Kalkalighat 642 Kallithea 550 Kalmar 1173, 1174 Kalmunai 1151 Kalmykia 1040 Kalol 621 Kalpeni Island 650 Kalpitya 1150 Kalutara 1151 Kalwaria Zebrzydowska 1003 Kalyubia 423 Kamaran 1496, 1497 Kambia 1091 Kamchatka 1027, 1036 Kameng 616 Kamloops 281 Kampala 1245, 1246, 1247, 1249, 1250 Kampen 905 Kamsar 566, 567 Kamthi 631 Kanagawa 716 Kananga 354 Kanara 626 Kanazawa 716 Kanchipuram 641 Kandahar 83, 84 Kandla 612, 622 Kandy 1150, 1151, 1156 Kanem 310, 312 Kangar 822 Kangasala 458 Kangerlussuaq 406 Kanggye 745 Kangra 623, 624 Kangwon 745 Kanhangad 628 Kanifeng 499 Kankan 564, 566, 567 Kannada 628 Kannur 603, 629 Kano 938, 939, 942 Kanpur 603, 643, 644 Kansas 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Kansas City (Kansas) 1341, 1396 Kansas City (Missouri) 1340, 1412, 1413 Kanta-Häme 457 Kanton 740, 742 Kanye 225 Kaohsiung 340, 342 Kaolack 1074, 1075, 1077 Kapisa 84 Kapiti 918 Kapoeta 1138 Kaposvár 585 Kaptai 183 Kapurthala 637 Kara 1215 Karabalta 761 Karabük 1231 Karachai-Cherkessia Karachi 957, 958, 961, 962, 963 Karaikal 650 Karaikkudi 641, 642 Karaj 660 Karak 725 Karakalpak Autonomous Republic 1475, 1478 Karakol 761 Karaman 1231 Karas 890 Karbala 668, 669, 670 Karditsa 550 Kardzhali 244 Karelia 1041 Karen see Kayin State Karimnagar 603, 614, 615 Karlovac 371 Karlovačka 371 Karlovarský 390 Karlovy Vary 390 Karlskrona 1174, 1180 Karlsruhe 514, 522, 526 Karlstad 1174 Karmėlava 799 Karnal 603, 622 Karnataka 602, 603, 604, 610, 612, 614, Kärnten see Carinthia Karong 633 Karpenissi 550 Kars 1231 Karshi 1475 Kartong 500 Karur 641 Karusi 253 Karwar 628 Karyai 550 Kasai 353 Kasai-Occidental 354 Kasai-Oriental 354 Kasama 1502 Kasaragod 626, 640 Kashan 660 Kashiwa 716 Kashkadar 1475 Kashmir 601, 958 see also Jammu and Kashmir Kassala 1158 Kassel 514, 533 Kassérine 1226 Kastamonu 1231 Kastoria 550 Kasubi 1249 Kasugai 716 Katanga 353, 354, 356 Katavi 1199, 1200 Katerini 550 Katherine 138 Kathgodam 645 Kathmandu 897, 899, 900 Katihar 618 Katima Mulilo 890 Katni 630 Katowice 997, 1002, 1004 Katsina 938, 939 Katunayake 1154 Katwijk 905 Kauai 1387 Kaunas 797, 801, 802 Kaustinen 464 Kavaratti Island 650 Kavieng 974 Kawagoe 716 Kawaguchi 716 Kawasaki 716 Kaya 249, 251 Kayah State 885 Kayamkulam 603 Kayanza 253 Kayes 831, 834, 1077 Kayin State 885 Kayseri 1231 Kazakhstan 40, , 39, 44, 45, 48, 51, 52, 56, 66, 67, 69 Kazan 1035, 1036, 1042 Kearney 1415, 1416 Kebbi 938 Kebili 1226 Kecskemét 585 Kedah 820, 821, 822 Kédougou 1074 Keelung 340, 342 Keene 1419, 1420 Keetmanshoop 890 Keewatin 297, 298, 299 Keflavík 597 Kegalla 1151 Keksholm 1041 Kelantan 820, 821, 822 Kelibia 1227 Kelowna 270, 281, 283

35 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1547 Kemaman 826 Keminmaa 461 Kemo 306 Kenai 1368 Kenai Peninsula 1368 Kendari 653 Kenema 1090, 1091 Kénitra 877 Kenner 1400 Kennewick 1453 Kenosha 1456 Kensington and Chelsea 1297 Kent (England) 1297 Kent (Washington) 1453 Kenting 343 Kentucky 1340, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1364, Kentville 288 Kenya , 43, 48, 58, 59, 60 Kepulauan Riau 653 Kerala 602, 603, 605, 610, 612, 614, Kerava 458 Kerema 974 Keren 436 Kerewan 499 Kerguelen Islands 492, 493 Kerkuane 1229 Kermadec Islands 918 Kerman 660 Kermanshah 660 Kerry 677 Keshod 622 Keski-Pohjanmaa 457 Keski-Suomi 457 Ketchikan 1368 Ketchikan Gateway 1368 Kettering 1430 Kew 1295 Key West 1383 Keyser 1456 Kgalagadi 225 Kgatleng 225 Khaborovsk 1027, 1043 Khadoli 648 Khajuraho 613, 630 Khakassia 1041 Khalid 1262 Khammam 603, 614, 615 Khammouane 765 Khandwa 629, 630 Khanh Hoa 1491 Khankendi 172 Khanna 637 Khanty-Mansi 1043 Khanty-Mansiisk 1043 Khanvel 648 Kharadpada 648 Kharagpur 603, 646 Kharar 637 Khargone 629 Kharkhorum 871 Kharkiv 1252, 1255 Kharkivska 1251 Khartoum 1157, 1158, 1159, 1161, 1162 Khartoum North 1158 Khasi Hills 617, 633 Khatlon 1195 Khenchela 95 Kherson 1252 Khersonska 1251 Kheyrabad 87 Khmelnitska 1251 Khmelnitsky 1252 Khomas 890 Khor al-amaya 673 Khor az-zubair 673 Khor Fakkan 1262 Khorazm see Khorezm Khorezm 1475 Khorog 1198 Khorramabad 660 Khost 84 Khouribga 877 Khujand 1195, 1197 Khulna 182, 183 Khuzestan 660 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 958 Kibungo 1045 Kibuye 1045 Kidal 831 Kidatu 1202 Kidira 1077 Kié-Ntem 432 Kiel 514, 518, 542 Kiel Institute for the World Economy 77 Kielce 997 Kien Giang 1491 Kiev see Kyiv Kiffa 843, 846 Kigali 1044, 1045, 1047, 1048 Kigali-Ngali 1045 Kigoma 1199 Kikuyu 735 Kildare 677 Kilimanjaro 1199, 1202, 1203 Kilinochchi 1151 Kilis 1231 Kilkenny 676, 677 Kilkis 550 Killeen 1341, 1445 Kiltan Island 650 Kilwa Kisiwani 1203 Kimbe 974 Kimberley 1120, 1135 Kindia 564 Kindu 354 King Edward Point 1332 Kingman Reef 740, 1468 Kingston (Jamaica) 710, 712, 713 Kingston (Norfolk Island) 157 Kingston (Ontario) 270, 278, 290 Kingston (Rhode Island) 1439 Kingston and St Andrew 710 Kingston-upon-Hull (England) 1297, 1299 Kingston upon Thames 1297, 1299 Kingstown 1055 Kinkala 358 Kinlao-Muanda 356 Kinmen 340, 342 Kinshasa 353, 354, 356, 357 Kiphire 635 Kirakira 1111 Kiribati 29, , 43, 67, 69, 70 Kırıkkale 1231 Kiritimati 740 Kirkkonummi 458 Kırklareli 1231 Kirkuk 670, 673 Kirovakan see Vanadzor Kirovohrad 1252 Kirovohradska 1251 Kırşehir 1231 Kirundo 253 Kisangani 353, 354, 356, 357 Kishangarh 638 Kismayo 1115, 1118 Kissidougou 564 Kissimmee 1383 Kisumu 735, 738, 1245 Kitakyushu 716, 722 Kitchener 270, 290 Kitikmeot 297, 298, 299 Kitimat 282 Kitwe 1502, 1504 Kivalliq see Keewatin Kivu 353 Kladno 390, 393 Klagenfurt 161, 165 Klaipėda 443, 772, 797, 799, 801, 802 Klaksvik 404 Klamath Falls 1436 Klang 822 Kleine Brogel 199 Klerksdorp 1136 Kley 784 Klipheuwel 1125 Knokke 202 Knoxville 1341, 1358, 1443, 1444 Kobe 716, 722 København see Copenhagen Koblenz 514, 538 Kocaeli 1231 Kochi (India) 603, 604, 608, 612, 629 Kochi (Japan) 716 Kodaikanal 642 Kodiak 1368 Kodiak Island 1368, 1370 Koforidua 545 Kofu 716 Kogi 938 Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad 660 Kohima 612, 635, 636 Kohtla-Järve 441, 444 Koinaduga 1091 Kokand 1475 Kokang 885 Kokkola 458 Koktebel 1256 Kolar 627 Kolda 1074 Kolding 397 Kolhapur 603, 632 Kolkata 603, 604, 608, 609, 611, 612, 626, 645, 646 Kollam 603 Kollegal 627, 640 Köln see Cologne Kołobrzeg 1000 Kolombangara Islands 1111 Kolonia 858, 860 Komárom-Esztergom 585 Kombo St Mary 501 Komi 1036, 1041 Kompong Cham 257 Kompong Som 261 Kon Tum 1491 Konar 84 Konârak 613 Kondoa 1203 Kondoz 84 Kong Karls Land 952 Kono 1091 Konrad Adenauer Foundation 77 8 Konstanz 526 Konya 1231 Konza 738 Kópavogur 593 Koper 1110 Koprivnica 371 Koprivničko-Križevačka 371 Koraput 636 Korba 603 Korçë 89, 90 Kordestan 660 Korea, People s Democratic Republic of (North Korea) 4, 7, 68, 73, Korea, Republic of (South Korea) 29, 40, , 14, 18, 39, 48, 55, 58, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 Korhogo 367 Koriyama 716 Koror 965, 966 Korsør 399 Kortrijk 195, 197 Koshigaya 716 Košice 1101, 1104, 1105 Kosovo 14, 18, 53, 56, 89, 471, 872 3, 1080, 1081, 1082, Kosovska Mitrovica 1084

36 1548 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Kosrae 858, 860 Koster 1136 Kostrzyn nad Odrą 1004 Kota 603, 639 Kota Bharu 821, 822, 826 Kota Kinabalu 822, 826 Kotdwaar 645 Kotka 458, 460, 464 Kotor 875 Kottagudem 615 Kottayam 603, 628, 629 Koudougou 249 Kouilou 358 Koulamoutou 495, 498 Koulikoro 831, 834 Koumra 310 Kourou 480 Kouroussa 834 Kouvola 458, 463 Kowloon 333, 336 Kozani 550 Kozhikode 603, 612, 628, 629 Kozluduy 246 Kpalimé 1215, 1217 Kragujevac 1080 Krajina 371 Kraków 994, 996, 997, 998, 1002, 1003, 1004 Kralendijk 915 Královéhradecký 390 Krapina 371 Krapinsko-Zagorska 371 Krefeld 514 Kremenchuk 1252 Kretinga 800 Kribi 264, 265 Krishnanagar 645 Krishnapatnam 615 Kristiansand 946 Kristianstad 1174 Kroměříž 395 Kronoberg 1173 Kryvy Rih 1252, 1255 Kuala Belait 239, 241 Kuala Lumpur 820, 821, 822, 824, 825, 826, 827 Kuala Terengganu 822, 826 Kuando-Kubango 105 Kuantan 822, 824, 826 Kuching 822, 826, 827 Kufa 668 Kuito 105 Kujalleq 405 Kujawsko-Pomorskie 997 Kukës 90 Kullu 623, 624 Kulob see Kulyab Kulti 646 Kulusuk 406 Kulyab 1195 Kumamoto 716 Kumanovo 808 Kumaon 644 Kumarghat 642 Kumasi 544, 545 Kumba 265 Kumbakonam 641 Kumgangsan 745 Kumo 939 Kuna de Madungandí 968 Kuna de Wargandí 968 Kuna Yala 968 Kundiawa 974 Kunene 890 Kungsbacka 1174 Kunming 323, 324, 331 Kuntaur 499, 501 Kunya-Urgench 1241 Kuopio 458, 463, 464 Kupang 653 Kurashiki 716 Kurdistan 674 Kure 719 Kurgan-Tyube 1195 Kuria 740 Kuria Muria islands see Halaniyat Islands Kurile Islands 715 Kurnool 603 Kurukshetra 622, 623 Kuruman 1135 Kurume 716 Kurunegala 1151 Kütahya 1231 Kutaisi 503 Kutná Hora 395 Kuwait 53, , 18, 51, 56, 57, 58, 70, 71, 72 Kvitøya 952 Kwajalein 840, 841, 842 Kwaluseni 1171 Kwangyang 755 Kwanza Norte 105 Kwanza Sul 105 Kwara 938 KwaZulu-Natal 1121, 1122, 1128, Kweneng 225 Kyambogo 1249 Kyiv 1251, 1252, 1255, 1256 Kyivska 1251 Kymenlaakso 457 Kyongju 749 Kyoto 714, 715, 716, 722, 723 Kyoto Protocol 29, 74 Kyrenia 382, 386 Kyrgyzstan , 18, 39, 44, 45, 48, 51, 52, 56, 67, 69 Kyushu 715 Kyustendil 244 Kyzyl 1043 L La Altagracia 413 La Araucanía 316 La Asunción 1485 La Ceiba 579, 582 La Chaux-de-Fonds 1187 la Condamine 865 La Coruña 1142, 1143, 1149 La Crosse 1456, 1458 La Désirade 481 La Digue 1086 La Dorada 348 La Grande 1436 La Guaira 1485, 1488 La Guajira 345 La Habana 376, 377 La Laguna 1149 La Libertad (El Salvador) 428 La Libertad (Peru) 983 La Lima 579 La Linea 1147 La Louvière 197 La Massana 101 La Palma (Canary Islands) 1142, 1144 La Palma (Panama) 968 La Pampa 113 La Paz (Bolivia) 216, 219, 220 La Paz (El Salvador) 428 La Paz (Honduras) 579 La Paz (Mexico) 852 La Plata 113, 114, 116, 117 La Rioja (Argentina) 113 La Rioja (Spain) 1142 La Roche-sur-Yon 477 La Rochelle 468 La Romana 413, 416 La Serena 314, 316 La Skhirra 1228 La Spezia 705 La Tortue 575 La Unión 428 La Vega 413 La Villiaze 1318 Laâyoune see El-Aaiún Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra 876, 877 Labé 564 Laborie 1052 Labrador see Newfoundland and Labrador Labrador City 287, 288 Labuan 821, 822, 824, 826 Labyrinth Islands 647 Lac 310 Laccadive Islands 640, 650 Laconia (Greece) 550 Laconia (New Hampshire) 1419 Lacs 367 Ladário 233 Ladhiqiyah see Lattakia Ladnu 639 Lae 974, 976 Laem Chabang 1208 Lafayette (Indiana) 1394 Lafayette (Louisiana) 1341, 1400, 1401 Lafia 938, 939 Laghman 84 Laghouat 95 Lagos 937, 938, 939, 940, 941, 942 Lagunes 367 Lahad Datu 826 Lahj 1497 Lahore 638, 958, 962, 963 Lahti 458 Laï 310 Lai Chau 1491 Lake Chad Basin Commission 60 Lake Charles 1400, 1401 Lakeland 1383 Lakes 1138 Lakewood (Colorado) 1341, 1377 Lakewood (New Jersey) 1420 Lakewood (Ohio) 1430 Lakewood (Washington) 1453 Lakhimpur 643 Lakshadweep 603, 605, 612, 614, 650 Lalitpur (India) 643 Lalitpur (Nepal) 897 Lam Dong 1491 Lambaréné 495, 498 Lambayeque 983 Lambeth 1297 Lamia 550 Lampedusa 702 Lampeter 1308 Lampung 653 Lamu 738 Lanai 1387 Lancashire 1297 Lancaster (California) 1341, 1374 Lancaster (England) 1299 Lancaster (Pennsylvania) 1436 Lang Son 1491 Langkawi 824, 826 Langston 1433 Languedoc 478 Languedoc-Roussillon 467 Lanseria 1127 Lansing 1341, 1407 Lansingerland 905 Lantau 336 Lanzarote 1142, 1144, 1147 Lanzhou 323, 324 Lao Cai 1491 Laois 677 Laos , 47, 67, 68, 69 Lapland 463 Lappeenranta 458, 463 Lappi 457 Lapu-Lapu 989 Lara 1485 Laramie 1458, 1459 Laredo 1340, 1445, 1446 Larissa 550 Larnaca 382, 384, 385

37 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1549 Larne 1309, 1311 Larvik 946 Las Anod 1116 Las Calderas 415 Las Cruces 1422, 1423 Las Cumbres 968 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 1142, 1143, 1145, 1147 Las Piñas 989 Las Tablas 968 Las Tunas 376, 377 Las Vegas (Nevada) 1340, 1361, 1417, 1418 Las Vegas (New Mexico) 1423 Lassithi 550 Lata 1111 Latacunga 417 Latin American Economic System 62, 64 5 Latin American Integration Association 65 Latin American Reserve Fund 65 Latina 702 Lattakia 1190, 1192, 1193 Latur 603 Latvia 45, , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 56, 66 Launceston 148, 149 Lausanne 1182, 1186, 1187 Lautoka 451, 454 Laval 293, 295 Lavalleja 1469 Lawrence 1396, 1397 Lawton 1432, 1434 Laxey 1314 Lazio 702 Le François 482 Le Havre 467, 475, 478 Le Kef 1226 Le Lamentin 482 Le Locle 1187 Le Mans 467, 475 Le Robert 482 Le Tampon 485 Le Touquet 475 League of Arab States 71 2 Leaului 1504 Leava 490 Lebanon 11, 12, 29, 40, 471, , 47, 51, 56, 57, 66, 70, 71, 72 Lebap 1238 Leduc 279 Leeds 1297, 1299, 1300 Lee s Summit 1412 Leeuwarden 905 Leeward Islands (French Polynesia) 486 Lefkoşa 386 Leganés 1143 Leh 625 Lehigh Acres 1383 Leicester 1297, 1299 Leicestershire 1297 Leiden 905 Leidschendam-Voorburg 905 Leinster 675, 677, 687 Leipzig 514, 522, 540 Leiria 1005, 1012 Leith 1284, 1303 Leitrim 677 Lékoumou 358 Lelepa 1481 Lelu 858, 860 Lelydorp 1164 Lelystad 905 Lempira 579 Leninabad see Khujand Leninakan see Gyumri Lennoxville 295 Lens 467, 468 León (Nicaragua) 929, 930, 932 León (Spain) 1142, 1143 Léon de los Aldama 852 Leptis Magna 792 Lepukos 860 Leribe 780 Lérida see Lleida Lerwick 1281, 1302 Les Abymes 481 Les Cayes 575 Lesbos 550 Leshan 332 Lesotho , 18, 43, 48, 58, 61 Lethbridge 279, 281 Leticia 345 Letterkenny 685 Leucas 550 Leuchars 1275 Leuven 195, 197, 203 Levadeia 550 Leverkusen 514 Lévis 294 Levittown (New York) 1424 Levittown (Pennsylvania) 1436 Levoča 1105 Levuka 454 Lewisburg 1456 Lewisham 1297 Lewisporte 288 Lewiston (Idaho) 1389, 1390 Lewiston (Maine) 1401, 1402 Lexington (Kentucky) 1399 Lexington (Virginia) 1452 Lexington-Fayette 1340, 1398 Leyte 989 Lezáky 388 Lezhë 90 Lezíria do Tejo 1007 Lhasa 323, 324, 332 L Hospitalet de Llobregat 1143 Liambezi see Caprivi Liaoning 323 Liberec 390, 394 Liberecký 390 Liberia 4, , 48, 58, 60 Liberia (Costa Rica) 364 Libertador Gral. B. O Higgins 316 Libreville 494, 495, 497, 498 Libya 4, , 18, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 70, 71, 72 Lichinga 881 Lichtenburg 1136 Ličko-Senjska 371 Lidice 388 Lidingö 1174 Liechtenstein , 29, 37, 38, 39 in other organizations 7 Liège 195, 196, 197, 202 Lienchiang 340 Liepāja 443, 770, 772, 773, 799 Lifou Island 491 Liguria 702 Lihir 976 Lihou 1315 Lijiang 332 Likouala 358 Lille 467, 471, 475, 477 Lilongwe 816, 818 Lima 982, 983, 985, 986, 987 Limassol 382, 384, 385 Limavady 1309 Limbe 264 Limbo-Tiko 265 Limburg (Belgium) 195, 196, 197 Limburg (Netherlands) 905 Limerick 675, 676, 677, 685 Limoges 467 Limón 362, 365 Limousin 467 Limpopo 1121, 1122, 1129, Limulumga 1504 Lincoln (England) 1299, 1300 Lincoln (Nebraska) 1340, 1415, 1416 Lincolnshire 1275, 1297 Linden 571, 573 Lindi 1199 Line Islands 740, 742 Linköping 1174 Linz 160, 161, 165 Lira 1246 Lisboa see Lisbon Lisbon 1005, 1006, 1007, 1010, 1011, 1012 Lisburn 1269, 1309 Lithuania 45, , 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52 Litomyšl 395 Litoral 432 Little Andaman 647 Little Cayman 1324, 1325 Little Rock 1341, 1372 Little Sark 1315 Littoral (Benin) 208 Littoral (Cameroon) 263 Liverpool 1295, 1297, 1299, 1300 Livingstone 1502, 1504 Livonia 1407 Livorno 702, 709 Ljubljana 1106, 1109, 1110 Llanelli 1308 Lleida 1142, 1143, 1147 Lloydminster (Alberta) 279 Lloydminster (Saskatchewan) 295 Lo Wu 336 Lobamba 1168 Lobaye 306 Lobito 105, 107, 108 Lobos 1142 Loddon 150 Lodi 699 Łódź 997, 1002 Łódzkie 997 Lofa 784 Logan 1449 Logar 84 Logone Occidental 310 Logone Oriental 310 Logroño 1142, 1143 Lohit 616 Lohja 458 Loja 418 Lok Ma Chau 336 Lokoja 938 Lombardia see Lombardy Lombardy 699, 702, 709 Lomé 1214, 1215, 1216, 1217 London (England) 1263, 1267, 1270, 1278, 1282, 1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1288, 1294, 1295, 1296, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1300 London (Ontario) 270, 290 Londonderry (Northern Ireland) see Derry Lonere 632 Long An 1491 Long Beach 1340, 1361, 1374, 1376 Long Island (Bahamas) 173 Long Island (New York) 1424, 1426 Long Xuyen 1491 Longford 677

38 1550 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Longleng 635 Longmen 332 Longoni 484 Longueuil 294 Longyearbyen 952 Loni 643 Lop Nur 326 Lorain 1430 Lord Howe Island 135, 140 Lorengau 974 Lorestan 660 Loreto 983 Lorient 468, 478 Lorman 1411 Loropéni 252 Lorraine 466, 467, 511, 512, 538 Lorsch 524 Los Alcarrizos 413 Los Ángeles (Chile) 316 Los Angeles (USA) 1340, 1361, 1374, 1376 Los Lagos 316 Los Mochis 852 Los Ríos (Chile) 316 Los Ríos (Ecuador) 418 Los Santos 968 Los Teques 1485, 1488 Lossiemouth 1275 Lötschberg 1186 Loubomo (Dolisie) 358, 361 Louga 1074 Loughborough 1299 Louisiade Archipelago 974 Louisiana 1336, 1340, 1344, 1346, Louisville 1340, 1398, 1399 Louisville/Jefferson County 1340, 1398, 1399 Louth 677 Louvain see Leuven Lovech 244 Loveland 1378 Lowell 1341, 1405, 1406 Lower Austria 161 Lower Saxony 513, 514, 520, Lowy Institute for International Policy 78 Loyalty Islands 491 Luanda 104, 105, 106, 108 Luang Namtha 765 Luang Prabang 765, 767, 768 Luanshya 1502 Luapula 1501 Luba 432, 435 Lubango 105, 108 Lubbock 1340, 1445, 1446 Lübeck 510, 514, 524, 531, 542 Lubelskie 997 Lublin 996, 997, 1003 Lubombo 1168 Lubumbashi 354, 356, 357 Lubuskie 997 Lucapa 105 Lucerne 1181, 1182, 1183, 1187, 1188 Lucknow 603, 612, 643, 644 Lüderitz 890, 893 Ludhiana 603, 637, 638 Ludwigshafen am Rhein 514 Luena 105 Lugano 1182, 1186 Luganville 1479 Lugo 1142, 1149 Lugovaya 763 Luhansk 1252 Luhanska 1251 Luik see Liège Lukavica 222 Luleå 1174, 1179, 1180 Lumbini 900 Lumut 824 Lund 1174 Lunda Norte 105 Lunda Sul 105 Lüneburg 535 Lunenburg 278 Luque 978 Lusaka 1501, 1502, 1503, 1504 Luton 1283, 1297 Lutsk 1252 Luxembourg , 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 66, 67 Luxembourg (Belgium) 197 Luxor 423, 426 Luzon 988, 989 Lviv 1252, 1256 Lvivska 1251 Lvov see Lviv Lycia 1237 Lynn 1405 Lyon 466, 467, 468, 475, 477, 478 Lyons see Lyon M Ma an 725 Maarianhamina see Mariehamn Maastricht 202, 905, 909, 911 McAllen 1341, 1445, 1446 Macao 20, 323, 330, 332, 336, 337 9, 1007 Macapá 231 Macas 418 Macaulay Island 918 McDonald Islands see Heard and McDonald Islands Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) 53, , 29, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 52 Macedonia (Greece) 550 Maceió 231 Machala 417 Machias 1401, 1402 Machida 716 Machilipatnam 615 Machu Picchu 982, 987 Macías Nguema see Bioko Mackay 143 McKean 740 McKinney 1341, 1445 McMinnville 1436 Macomb 1392 Macon 1387 Macquarie Island 135, 156 MacRobertson Land 156 Madaba 725 Madagascar 29, , 47, 48, 58, 59, 61 Madain Salih 1073 Madanapalle 615 Madang 974, 976 Madaniyin see Médénine Madeira 1006, 1007, 1011, 1012 Madhepura 619 Madhya Pradesh 602, 603, 605, 612, 614, Madinah 1067, 1068, 1072, 1073 Madingou 358 Madison (South Dakota) 1442 Madison (Wisconsin) 1340, 1456, 1457, 1458 Madras see Chennai Madre de Dios 983 Madrid 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1146, 1147, 1148 Madriz 929 Madura 653 Madurai 603, 641 Maebashi 716 Maekel 436 Maevatanana 812 Maewo 1479 Mafeking 228 Mafeteng 780 Mafraq 725 Magadan 1043 Magallanes y de la Antártica Chilena 316 Magas 1040 Magdalen Islands 293 Magdalena 345 Magdeburg 514, 541 Magherafelt 1309 Magnesia 550 Mağusa 386 Magway 885 Magwe see Magway Mahabalipuram 613 Mahajanga 812, 815 Mahalapye 225 Mahalla Al Kubra 423 Maharashtra 602, 603, 605, 612, 614, Mahbubnagar 614, 615 Mahd Al-Dahab 1071 Mahdia 1226 Mahdiyah see Mahdia Mahé (India) 650 Mahé (Seychelles) 1086, 1088 Mahendragarh 622 Mahilyou 190, 194 Mahón 1145 Maiana 740 Maiao 486 Maidstone 1299 Maiduguri 938, 939 Maikop 1038 Maine 1339, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1362, Mainpuri 643 Maintirano 812 Mainz 510, 514, 524, 538 Maio 302, 304 Maizuru 719 Majorca 1142, 1144 Majuro 840, 841, 842 Makak 265 Makamba 253 Makassar 653 Makati 989 Makeni 1090 Makhachkala 1039 Makiïvka 1252 Makin 740 Makira and Ulawa 1111 Makkah 1067, 1068, 1072, 1073 Makkovik 288 Makokou 495 Makung 342 Makurdi 938, 939 Malabar 640 Malabo 432, 434, 435 Malabon 989 Málaga (Colombia) 347 Málaga (Spain) 1142, 1143, 1147 Malaita 1111 Malakal (Palau) 966 Malakal (South Sudan) 1138, 1139 Malanje 105 Malappuram 603, 628 Malatya 1231 Malaŵi , 18, 43, 58, 59, 61 Malaysia 40, in world organizations 7, 8, 14, 18, 43, 51, 56, 67, 68, 69 Malbork 1003 Malden 740 Maldives , 43, 48, 51, 56, 67, 69, 70 Maldonado 1469

39 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1551 Malé 828, 829, 830 Malegaon 603 Malekula 1479 Maler Kotla 637 Mali , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Malindi 738 Malines see Mechelen Malkerns 1171 Mallee 150 Mallorca see Majorca Malmö 397, 1174, 1178, 1179, 1180 Malongo 108 Małopolskie 997 Malta , 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 43, 48, 52 Malton 1300 Maluku 653 Maluku Utara 653 Mambere Kadéi 306 Mamou 564 Mamoudzou 484 Mamuju 653 Man (Côte d Ivoire) 367 Man, Isle of 1281, 1294, Manabi 418 Manado 653, 657 Managua 929, 930, 931, 932 Manakara 812 Manama 177, 179 Manaus 231, 232, 233 Manawatu-Wanganui 918, 921 Mancherial 615 Manchester (England) 1267, 1283, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1300 Manchester (Jamaica) 710 Manchester (New Hampshire) 1341, 1419, 1420 Manchester (Tennessee) 1365 Mandalay 885, 886 Mandaluyong 989 Mandaue 989 Mandi 623 Mandoul 310 Mandsaur 629 Mandurah 153 Mandya 627 Manga 249 Mangaia 926 Mangalia 1021 Mangalore 603, 611, 627, 628, 629 Mangan 640 Mangaung see Bloemfontein Mangghystaū 730 Mangilao 1466 Manhattan (Kansas) 1397 Manhattan (New York) 1424 Manica 881 Manicaland 1506 Maniema 354 Manihi 486 Manihiki 926 Manila 988, 989, 991, 992 Manipal 628 Manipur 602, 605, 612, 614, Manisa 1231 Manitoba 268, 269, 270, 271, 274, 279, Manizales 345 Mankato 1409 Manmad 631 Mannar 1151 Mannheim 514, 526 Manokwari 653 Manono 1058 Manouba 1226 Manra 740 Mansa 1501 Mansakonko 499 Mansfield 1430 Mansura 423 Mantua 700, 709 Manu a 1463 Manuae and Te au-o-tu 926 Manubah see Manouba Manus 974, 975 Manyara 1199 Manzanillo 856 Manzanillo International 971 Manzi 738 Manzini 1168, 1170 Mao 310 Maputo 881, 883, 884, 1511 Maputsoe 780 Mar del Plata 115, 118 Mara 1199 Maracaibo 1485, 1488 Maracay 1485 Maradi 934, 936 Marahoué 367 Marakei 740 Maramureş 1018, 1023 Maranhão 231 Marbella 1143 Marburg/Lahn 533 Marche 702 Marcus Hook 1437 Mardin 1231 Maré Island 491 Mareb 1497 Margao 620 Margibi 784 Margilan 1475 Marham 1275 Mari-El Maria Trinidad Sánchez 413 Maribor 1106, 1110 Marie-Galante 481, 482 Mariehamn 458 Mariel 379 Mariental 890 Marietta 1385 Marigot 488 Marijampolė 797 Marikina 989 Marion 1394 Marion Island 1121 Maripasoula 480 Maritime 1215 Mariupol 1252, 1256 Marka 1116, 1118 Markazi 660 Marked Tree 1373 Markham 290 Marlborough 918, 922 Marmagao 620 Maroua 265 Marowijne 1164 Marquesas Islands 486 Marrakech see Marrakesh Marrakesh 877, 879, 880 Marrakesh-Tensift-Al Haouz 876 Marsa 837 Marsabit 738 Marseille 467, 475 Marseilles see Marseille Marshall 1409 Marshall Islands , 67, 69, 70 Martin 1101 Martinique 62, 479, Martinsburg 1455 Marwar 639 Mary (Merv) 1238, 1241 Maryland (USA) 1335, 1339, 1340, 1344, 1346, Maryland (Liberia) 784 Marystown 287 Marysville 1453 Masada 695 Masaka 1246 Masan 755 Masat 648 Masaya 929, 930 Masbate 989 Mascara 95 Maseru 780, 782 Mashhad 660, 665 Mashonaland 1506 Massachusetts 1335, 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Massakory 310 Massawa 436, 437, 438, 439, 447 Massénya 310 Massilon 1430 Masuku see Franceville Masulipatnam 640 Masvingo 1506 Mata-Utu 490 Matabeleland 1506 Matadi 354, 357 Matagalpa 929, 930 Matale 1151 Matam 1074 Matanuska-Susitna 1368 Matanzas 376, 377 Matara 1151 Mataram 653 Mataró 1143 Mataura 486 Mathura 603 Mato Grosso 231, 235 Mato Grosso do Sul 231 Matola 881 Matruh 423 Matsqui 281 Matsu 340, 342 Matsudo 716 Matsue 716 Matsuyama 716 Matthew Island 1479 Maturín 1485 Maui 1387 Mauke 926 Maulbronn 524 Maule 316 Maun 225, 228 Maunath Bhanjan 603, 643 Maupiti 486 Mauritania 53, , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 70, 71, 72 Mauritius 40, , 18, 43, 47, 48, 58, 59, 61, 70 May Pen 710 Mayabandar 647 Mayabeque 376 Mayaguana 173 Maynooth 685 Mayo (Ireland) 677 Mayo-Kebbi Est 310 Mayo-Kebbi Ouest 310 Mayotte 350, 479, Mayreau 1055 Mayrhofen 166 Maysan 670 Mayumba 498 Mazandaran 660 Mazar i Sharif 84, 87 Mazatlán 852 Mazowieckie 997 Mbabane 1168, 1171 M baiki 306 Mbale 1246 M Balmayo 265 Mbandaka 354 M Banga 265 Mbanza Congo 105 Mbarara 1246 Mbeya 1199 Mbinda 361 Mbini 435 M bomou 306

40 1552 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Mbour 1075 Mbuji-Mayi 354 Mchinji 1504 Meath 675, 677 Mecca see Makkah Mechelen 197 Mecklenburg-West Pomerania 514, Meco 1012 Medak 614 Medan 653, 654, 657 Médéa 95 Médecins Sans Frontières 51 Medellín 345, 347, 348 Médénine 1226 Medford (Massachusetts) 1406 Medford (Oregon) 1434 Medicine Hat 279 Međimurska 371 Medina see Madinah Medinipur 645, 646 Médio Tejo 1007 Medway 1297 Meerut 603 Meghalaya 602, 605, 612, 614, Mehedinţi 1018 Mehesana 621 Mehetia 486 Mekele 447 Meknès 877, 880 Meknès-Tafilalet 876 Mekong Group 68 Mekong River Delta region (Vietnam) 1491 Melaka 820, 821, 822, 826, 827, 1094 Melaky 812 Melbourne 124, 125, 126, 132, 135, 136, 150, 152 Melekeok 965, 966 Melfort 295 Melilla 876, 1142, 1143, 1148 Melo 1469 Melville 295 Melville Hall 412 Memmingen 527 Memphis (Egypt) 427 Memphis (Tennessee) 1340, 1399, 1443, 1444 Menabe 812 Mendi 974 Mendoza 113, 114, 116, 117, 118 Menia 423 Menongue 105 Menorca see Minorca Mentor 1430 Menufia 423 Menzil 728 Mequon 1458 Mercedes 1469 MERCOSUR 40, 66 7 Mérida (Mexico) 852 Mérida (Spain) 1142, 1149 Mérida (Venezuela) 1485, 1489 Meriden 1379 Meridian (Idaho) 1389 Meridian (Mississippi) 1410 Meroe 1163 Merritt 283 Mers el Kebir 98 Mersa Matruh 425 Merseyside 1297 Mersin 1231, 1234 Merthyr Tydfil 1306 Merton 1297 Merv see Mary Mesa 1340, 1370 Mesquite 1341, 1445 Messenia 550 Messina 702, 707 Messolonghi 550 Meta 345 Metairie 1341, 1400 Meteora 556 Metohija 1080, 1081, 1082, Metropolitana de Santiago 316 Metz 467 Mewat 622 Mexicali 852 Mexico 29, 40, , 18, 48, 55, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67 México 852, 855 Mexico City 851, 852, 854, 855, 856 Mhlume 1168 Miami 1340, 1361, 1383, 1384, 1385 Miami Beach 1383 Miami Gardens 1341, 1383 Miaoli 340 Miarinarivo 812 Michael 1313 Michigan 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Michoacán de Ocampo 851, 852 Micoud 1052 Micronesia , 48, 67, 69, 70 Mid-North Coast (New South Wales) 140 Mid-West region (Nepal) 897 Middelburg 905 Middle 1313 Middle Caicos 1333 Middlesbrough 1297, 1299 Middletown (Connecticut) 1380 Middletown (Delaware) 1380 Middletown (Ohio) 1430 Midi-Pyrénées 467 Midland (Texas) 1341, 1445 Midlands (Zimbabwe) 1506 Midlothian 1301 Midtjylland see Central Jutland Midway Islands 1340, 1468 Midwest City 1432, 1434 Mie 716 Miercurea-Ciuc 1018 Mikkeli 458 Mila 95 Milan 699, 700, 702, 703, 705, 706, 707 Milano see Milan Milford Haven 1307 Millennium Island 740 Millersville 1438 Milne Bay 974 Milton Keynes 1297 Milwaukee 1340, 1365, 1456, 1457, 1458 Mimaropa 989 Mina Abdullah 760 Mina Ahmadi 760 Mina al-zor 760 Mina Qaboos 956 Mina Shuiaba 760 Mina Sulman 179, 180 Minas 1469 Minas Gerais 230, 231, 235 Mindanao 988, 989 Mindelo 302, 304 Minden 1418 Mindoro 989 Minet el-baida 1192 Minho-Lima 1007 Minicoy Island 640, 650 Minna 938, 939 Minneapolis 1340, 1361, 1408, 1409 Minneriya 1154 Minnesota 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Minorca 1142, 1144 Minot 1429 Minsk 190, 193, 194 Miquelon see St Pierre and Miquelon Miragoâne 575 Miramar 1341, 1383 Miramichi 285, 286 Miranda 1485 Miri 821, 826 Mirzapur 643 Misiones (Argentina) 113 Misiones (Paraguay) 978 Miskolc 585, 590, 591 Misratah 789, 792 Mississauga 290 Mississippi 1340, 1344, 1346, 1358, Missoula 1413, 1414 Missouri 1339, 1344, 1346, Mitchell 1442 Mitiaro 926 Mito 716 Mitú 345 Mixco 560 Miyagi 716 Miyazaki 716 Mize 1504 Mizoram 602, 605, 612, 614, Mmabatho 1136 Moanda 495 Mobaye 306 Mobile 1341, 1366, 1367 Mochudi 225 Mocoa 345 Modena 699, 702, 709 Modesto 1341, 1374 Modinagar 643 Moenjodaro 963 Moers 514 Moeskroen see Mouscron Moga 637 Mogadishu 1115, 1116, 1117, 1118 Mogoditshane 225 Mohale s Hoek 780 Mohali see S. A. S. Nagar Mohammedia 877, 879 Mohéli see Mwali Mokha 1500 Mokhotlong 780 Mokokchung 635 Mokpo 755 Moldova , 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 43, 45, 47, 48, 52 Molepolole 225 Molise 702, 703 Mölndal 1174 Molokai 1387 Moluccas see Maluku Mombasa 735, 737, 738, 739 Mompós 349 Mon (India) 635 Mon (Myanmar) 885 Monaco , 38, 39 in other organizations 7, 47, 73 Monaco-Ville 865 Monagas 1485 Monaghan 678 Monastir 1226, 1228 Mönchengladbach 515 Moncton 285, 286 Moneragala 1151 Mongla 183, 185 Mongo 310 Mongolia 40, , 39, 48, 67, 68, 69 Mongomo 432 Mongu 1502 Monkey Bay 817

41 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1553 Monmouth (New Jersey) 1420 Monmouth (Oregon) 1436 Monmouthshire 1306 Mono 208 Mono Islands 1111 Monos 1221 Monroe 1400, 1401 Monrovia 784, 786, 787 Mons 52, 197, 202 Monseñor Nouel 413 Mont-Belo 361 Mont-Saint-Michel 478 Montana (Bulgaria) 244 Montana (USA) 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1362, 1364, 1365, Montaña Clara 1142 Montbéliard 468 Monte-Carlo 865 Monte Cristi 413 Monte Plata 413 Montego Bay 710, 712 Montenegro , 29, 37, 39, 40 in other organizations 7, 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52 Montería 345 Monterrey 852, 854 Montevideo 1469, 1470, 1471, 1472 Montgomery (Alabama) 1341, 1366 Montgomery (West Virginia) 1456 Montlhéry 471 Montpelier 1449, 1450 Montpellier 467, 475 Montreal 268, 270, 273, 275, 278, 290, 293, 294, 295, 299 Montreuil 468 Montreux 1188 Montserrado 784 Montserrat 44, 63, 64, 65, 1318, Monywa 885 Monza 702 Moore 1432 Mooréa 486 Moorhead 1409 Moose Jaw 295 Mopelia 486 Mopti 831 Moquegua 983 Moradabad 603 Moratuwa 1151 Moravskoslezský 390 Moray 1275, 1301 Morazán 428 Morbi 621 Mörbisch 166 Mordovia 1042 Møre og Romsdal 945 Morehead City 1428 Morelia 852, 856 Morelos 852, 856 Morena 629 Moreno Valley 1341, 1374 Morgantown 1455, 1456 Morija 783 Morioka 716 Mormugao 612 Morobe 974 Morocco 53, and European organizations 29, 39, 40 14, 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 66, 70, 71, 72 Morogoro 1199 Morona-Santiago 418 Morondava 812 Moroni 350, 352 Morphou 382, 386 Morris 1409 Mortlock Islands 858 Morupule 227 Moscow (Idaho) 1390 Moscow (Russia) 1024, 1025, 1026, 1027, 1028, 1032, 1034, 1035, 1036, 1037, 1039 Moskva see Moscow (Russia) Moss 946, 950 Mossel Bay 1125, 1127 Most 390, 393, 394 Mosta 835 Mostaganem 95 Mostar 224 Móstoles 1143 Mosul 668, 670, 673 Motihari 618 Mouila 495, 498 Moulmein 885, 888 Moundou 310, 313 Mount Athos 550, 556, 1036 Mount Gambier 145 Mount Hagen 974, 976, 977 Mount Pearl 287 Mount Pleasant (Falkland Islands) 1326 Mount Pleasant (South Carolina) 1440 Mount Vernon (Iowa) 1395 Mount Vernon (New York) 1424 Mountain Home 1373 Mouscron 197 Moussoro 310 Moxico 105 Moyamba 1091 Moyen-Cavally 367 Moyen-Chari 310 Moyen-Comoé 367 Moyen-Ogooué 495 Moyle 1309 Moyobamba 983 Mozambique 29, , 43, 47, 51, 56, 58, 61 M Poko 308 Mpumalanga 1121, 1122, 1128, 1129, 1134 MSF 51 M Sila 95 Mtskheta 506 Mtwara 1199, 1202 Muang Xai 765 Muara 239 Mubarak al-kabir 757 Muchinga 1502 Mudug 1115, 1116 Mufulira 1502 Mughal Sarai 643 Muğla 1231 Muharraq 177, 179, 180 Mukalla 1497, 1498, 1500 Mülheim a. d. Ruhr 515 Mulhouse 467, 475 Mullaitivu 1151 Mullingar 683 Multan 958, 963 Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency Mumbai 602, 603, 604, 608, 609, 611, 612, 613, 614, 631, 632, 648 Munastir see Monastir München see Munich Muncie 1393, 1394 Munger 618 Munich 515, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 527, 528 Munsan 755 Münster (Germany) 515, 522, 537, 907 Munster (Ireland) 675, 676, 677, 687 Muntilupa 989 Muramvya 253 Murcia 1142, 1143, 1149 Mureş 1018 Murfreesboro 1341, 1443 Murray 140 Murrieta 1341 Murrumbidgee 140 Mururoa 486 Murwara 629 Murzuq 789 Muş 1231 Musandam Peninsula 953 Muscat 953, 955, 956 Mushin 939 Muskogee 1432 Muslim Mindanao 989 Müstair 1187 Mustique 1055 Mutare 1506, 1511 Mutrah 956 Mutsamudu 350 Muyinga 253 Muzaffarnagar 603 Muzaffarpur 603, 618 Mwali 350 Mwanza 1199, 1201 Mwaro 253 My Tho 1491 Myanmar 43, , 48, 67, 68, 69, 70 Myitkyina 888 Myjava 1105 Mykolaïv 1252, 1256 Mykolaïvska 1251 Mysłowice 1004 Mysore 603, 626, 627, 628, 640 Mystras 556 Mytilene 550 Mzuzu 816, 819 N Naâma 95 Nabadwip see Navadvip Nabeul 1226 Nablus 697 Nabul see Nabeul Nacala 818, 884, 1504 Nacka 1174 Nacogdoches 1447 Nadi 451, 454 Nadiad 621 Nador 879 Naga 885 Nagaland 602, 605, 612, 614, Nagano 716 Nagaoka 716 Nagaon 617 Nagapattinam 641 Nagar Haveli see Dadra and Nagar Haveli Nagarjunasagar 615 Nagasaki 714, 715, 716, 717 Nagercoil 641 Nagorno-Karabakh 121, 167, 168, 172 Nagoya 716, 722, 723 Nagpur 603, 612, 629, 631, 632 Naha 716, 722 Nairobi 735, 737, 738 Nakawa 1249 Nakhichevan 168, Nakhon Phanom 1206 Nakhon Ratchasima 1205 Nakuru 735, 738 Nalanda 619 Nalasopara 631 Nalayh 871 Nalchik 1040 Nalgonda 614, 615 Nalut 789 Nam Cheong 336 Nam Dinh 1491 Namangan 1475, 1477 Namaqualand 1135 Namchi 640 Namen see Namur Namibe 105, 108 Namibia , 43, 48, 58, 61

42 1554 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Nampa 1389 Nampo 748 Nampula 881 Namur 195, 197 Namyangju 751 Nana Grebizi 306 Nana-Mambere 306 Nanaimo 281, 282, 283 Nanchang 323, 324 Nancowrie 647 Nancy 467, 475, 478 Nanded 603, 614, 632 Nandyal 615 Nangal 624 Nangarhar 84 Nanisivik 299 Nanjing 322, 323, 324 Nanning 323, 324 Nanterre 468 Nantes 465, 467, 475 Nantou 340 Nanumaga 1242 Nanumea 1242 Naperville 1341, 1390 Napier 918 Naples 699, 700, 702, 703, 707, 709 Napo 418 Napoli see Naples Nara 714, 716, 723 Naracoorte 135 Narayanganj 182 Nariño 345 Narmadasagar 630 Narsapur 615 Narsarsuaq 406 Narva 441 Naryan-Mar 1043 Naryn 761 Nashik 603, 631, 632 Nashtoon 1500 Nashua 1419 Nashville 1340, 1443, 1444 Nasinu 451 Nassarawa 938 Nassau (Bahamas) 173, 174, 175, 176 Nassau (Cook Islands) 926 Natal (Brazil) 231, 233 Natal (South Africa) see KwaZulu Natal Natchez 1410 National Bureau of Economic Research 78 National Capital (Philippines) 989 National Capital District (Papua New Guinea) 974 NATO 52 4, 55 Naucalpan de Juárez 852 Nauplion 550 Nauru in world organizations 7, 43, 48, 67, 69, 70 Nausori 451 Navadvip 645 Navarra 1142 Navassa Island 1468 Navoi 1475 Navsari 603, 621 Nawoiy see Navoi Naxos 556 Nayarit 852 Naypyidaw 885 Nazareth 690 Nazret 447 Ndalatando 105 Ndele 306 N Djaména 310, 312, 313 Ndola 1501, 1502, 1504 Neamţ 1018 Neath Port Talbot 1306 Nebit-Dag see Balkanabad Nebraska 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, Neembucú 978 Neftchala 170 Negeri Sembilan 822 Negombo 1151 Negros 989 Nehrunagar 628 Neiafu 1218 Neiva 345 Nejd 1067 Nellore 603 Nelson (New Zealand) 916, 918, 922 Nelspruit 1127, 1134 Néma 843, 845 Nenets 1043 Nepal , 18, 48, 67, 69, 70 Neskaupstaður 593 Nesvizh 194 Netherlands , 27, 28, 32, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 73 overseas countries and territories Netherlands Antilles 911 Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael) 78 Neuchâtel 1182, 1183, 1186, 1187, 1236 Neuenburg see Neuchâtel Neuquén 113 Neusiedlersee 165, 591 Neuss 515 Neutral Zone (Kuwait-Saudi Arabia) 757, 1068, 1071 Neuwerk 531 Nevada 1336, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1357, Neves 1066 Nevis see St Kitts and Nevis Nevşehir 1231 New Amsterdam 571 New Bedford 1405, 1406 New Berlin 1456 New Braunfels 1445 New Britain (Connecticut) 1379 New Brunswick (Canada) 47, 268, 270, 271, 274, 279, New Brunswick (New Jersey) 1420, 1421 New Caledonia 69, 70, 473, 478, 479, New Delhi 600, 603 New Georgia 1111, 1113 New Glasgow 288 New Hampshire 1339, 1344, 1346, New Haven 1341, 1378, 1379, 1380 New Ireland 974 New Jalpaiguri 646 New Jersey 1339, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1361, 1362, New Lanark 1295, 1305 New London 1378, 1380 New Mangalore 612 New Mexico 1335, 1336, 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1364, 1365, New Orleans 1340, 1361, 1399, 1400, 1401 New Plymouth 916, 918 New Providence 173, 174, 175, 176 New Rochelle 1424 New South Wales 124, 125, 126, 127, 130, 132, 135, New Taipei 340 New Territories (Hong Kong) 333, 336 New Valley 423 New Westminster 283 New York City 1036, 1338, 1340, 1356, 1361, 1364, 1365, 1424, 1425, 1426 New York State 1335, 1336, 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, 1365, New Zealand , 18, 43, 48, 55, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 territories overseas 44, Newark (Delaware) 1380, 1381 Newark (New Jersey) 1340, 1361, 1420, 1421 Newark (Ohio) 1430 Newberg 1436 Newcastle (Australia) 132, 140, 141, 142, 143 Newcastle-under-Lyme 1299 Newcastle upon Tyne 1283, 1294, 1299 Newfoundland and Labrador 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 274, 277, 279, Newham 1297 Newlyn 1281 Newport (Arkansas) 1373 Newport (England) 1300 Newport (Rhode Island) 1438 Newport (Wales) 1269, 1306, 1308 Newport News 1341, 1451, 1452 Newry 1269 Newry and Mourne 1309 Newton 1405 Newtownabbey 1309 Newtownards 1311 Neyveli 641 Ngaoundéré 263, 265 Nghe An 1491 Ngöbe-Buglé 968 Ngounié 495 Ngozi 253 Nha Trang 1491 Nhava Sheva see Jawaharlal Nehru Nhlangano 1168 Niagara Falls (New York) 1424 Niagara Falls (Ontario) 270 Niamey 933, 934, 935, 936 Niari 358 Niassa 881 Nicaragua , 18, 48, 62, 64, 65, 66 Nice 467, 475, 478, 867 Nicholasville 1398 Nickelsdorf 166 Nickerie 1164 Nicobar Islands see Andaman and Nicobar Islands Nicosia 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386 Nidwalden 1182, 1183 Nieuw Amsterdam 1164 Nieuw Nickerie 1164 Nieuwegein 905 Niğde 1231 Niger , 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Niger (Nigeria) 938 Niger Basin Authority 60 1 Nigeria , 18, 43, 48, 51, 56, 58, 60, 61, 66, 72 Nightingale Islands 1331 Niigata 716, 722 Niihau 1387 Nijmegen 905

43 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1555 Nikko 723 Nikumaroro 740 Nikunau 740 Nimach 629 Nimba 784 Nîmes 467 Nimroz 84 Ninawa 670 Ningbo 324, 331 Ningxia Hui 323, 332 Ninh Binh 1491 Ninh Thuan 1491 Nipissing 292 Nippes 575 Niš 1080, 1082 Nishinomiya 716 Nitra 1101, 1105 Niuas 1218 Niue 44, 69, 70, 928 Niulakita 1242 Niutao 1242 Nizamabad 603, 614 Nizampatnam 615, 640 Nizhny Novgorod 1027, 1035 Njazídja 350 Njombe 1199, 1200 N Kayi 358 Nkongsamba 265 Nobel Prizes 51 Nogal 1115, 1116 Nógrád 585 Noida 603 Nokia 458 Nola 306 Nome 1368 Nongkhai 767 Nonouti 740 Nonthaburi 1205 Noord-Brabant 905 Noord-Holland 905 Noordwijk 911 Nord (Bénoué) 263 Nord department (Haiti) 575 Nord-Est department (Haiti) 575 Nord-Kivu 354 Nord-Ouest department (Haiti) 575 Nord-Ouest province (Cameroon) 263 Nord-Pas-de-Calais 467 Nord region (Burkina Faso) 249 Nord-Trøndelag 945 Nordaustlandet 952 Nordic Council 41 Nordic Development Fund 41 Nordic Investment Bank 41 Nordjylland see North Jutland Nordland 945 Norfolk (England) 1275, 1297 Norfolk (Nebraska) 1415 Norfolk (Virginia) 1340, 1451, 1452 Norfolk Island 44, 125, 135, Normal 1392 Norman 1341, 1432, 1433 Noro 1113 Norrbotten 1173 Norrköping 1174, 1178 Norrtälje 1174 Norte de Santander 345 North Atlantic Treaty Organization 52 4, 55 North Ayrshire 1301 North Bahr al Ghazal 1138 North Battleford 295 North Bergen Township 1420 North Caicos 1333 North Carolina 1339, 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1349, 1358, 1364, North Caucasus district 1027 North Central Coast region (Vietnam) 1491 North Charleston 1440 North Dakota 1340, 1344, 1346, 1362, North Darfur 1158 North Down 1309 North East district (Botswana) 225 North East Lincolnshire 1297 North East region (England) 1297 North East region (Vietnam) 1491 North-Eastern province (Kenya) 735 North Hamgyong 745 North Hwanghae 745 North Island (New Zealand) 918, 921, 925 North Island (Seychelles) 1086 North Jutland 397 North Keeling Island 156 North Khorasan 660 North Kordufan 1158 North Korea see Korea, People s Democratic Republic of (North Korea) North Lakhimpur 617 North Lanarkshire 1301 North Las Vegas 1340, 1417 North Lincolnshire 1297 North Little Rock 1372 North Ossetia (Russia) 1027, 1042 North Platte 1415 North Pyongan 745 North region (Portugal) 1007 North Rhine-Westphalia 513, 514, 520, North Sinai 423 North Slope 1368 North Solomons see Bougainville North Somerset 1297 North Sydney 288 North Tabiteuea 740 North Tarawa 740 North Tripura 642 North West district (Botswana) 225 North-West Frontier province (Pakistan) 958 North-West province (South Africa) 1121, 1122, 1127, 1129, North West region (England) 1297 North West region (Vietnam) 1491 North Western district (New South Wales) 140 North-Western district (Russia) 1027 North-Western province (Zambia) 1502 North York (Ontario) 290 North Yorkshire 1275, 1297, 1300 Northampton 1299 Northamptonshire 1297 Northern Cape (South Africa) 1121, 1122, 1135 Northern district (Israel) 690 Northern district (New South Wales) 140 Northern governorate (Bahrain) 177 Northern Ireland 1282, see also United Kingdom Northern Mariana Islands 70, 1340, 1345, 1361, Northern Mindanao 989 Northern province (Papua New Guinea) see Oro Northern province (Rwanda) 1045 Northern province (Sierra Leone) 1090, 1091 Northern Province (South Africa) see Limpopo Northern province (Zambia) 1502 Northern region (Ghana) 545 Northern region (Malaŵi) 816 Northern region (Uganda) 1247 Northern State (Sudan) 1158 Northern Territory (Australia) 124, 125, 126, 127, 133, Northland East region (Iceland) 593 Northland (New Zealand) 918, 921 Northland West region (Iceland) 593 Northumberland 1297 Northwest Arctic (Alaska) 1368 Northwest Territories (Canada) 268, 269, 270, 271, 276, 279, Northwood 1274 Norviliškės 802 Norwalk (California) 1341 Norwalk (Connecticut) 1379 Norway , 28, 29, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 73 Norwich 1299, 1300 Notting Hill 1295 Nottingham 1283, 1297, 1299 Nottinghamshire 1297 Nouâdhibou 843, 844, 845, 846 Nouakchott 843, 844, 845, 846 Nouméa 491, 492 Nova Gorica 1110 Nova Iguaçu 231 Nova Scotia 268, 270, 271, 272, 274, 278, 279, 286, Novara 702 Novgorod 1036 Novi Pazar 1080 Novi Sad 1080, 1083, 1085 Novo Mesto 1110 Novorossiisk 733, 1034, 1035 Novosibirsk 1027, 1034, 1035 Nsanje 818 Nuclear Energy Agency 56 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty 73 Nueva Asunción see Boquerón Nueva Esparta 1485 Nueva Loja 418 Nueva San Salvador see Santa Tecla Nueva Segovía 929 Nuevo Laredo 852 Nuevo Léon 852 Nui 1242 Nuku Hiva 486 Nuku alofa 1218, 1219, 1220 Nukufetau 1242 Nukulaelae 1242 Nukunonu 925 Nukus 1475, 1478 Nunavut 269, 270, 271, 276, 279, Nuqus see Nukus Nuremberg 515, 521, 522, 527, 528 Nurestan 84 Nurmijärvi 458 Nusa Tenggara 653 Nusa Tenggara Barat 653 Nusa Tenggara Timur 653 Nuuk 405, 406 Nuwara Eliya 1151

44 1556 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Nyala 1158 Nyanga 495 Nyanza 735 Nyeri 735, 738 Nyingchi 324 Nyiregyháza 585 Nyköping 1174 Nyon 1188 Nzérékoré 564, 567 N zi-comoé 367 Nzwani 350 O Oahu 1387 Oakland 1340, 1374 Oakville 290 OAS 65 6 Oaxaca 851, 852, 856 Oaxaca de Juárez 852 Oberammergau 524 Oberhausen 515 Oberösterreich see Upper Austria Obo 306 Obock 407 Obwalden 1181, 1183 Ocean Island see Banaba Oceanside 1341, 1374 Ocotal 929 Ocotepeque 579 Odense 397 Odesa 1252, 1256 Odeska 1251 Odessa see Odesa Odienné 367 Odisha 602, 605, 612, 614, OECD 55 6, 57 Oecussi-Ambeno 1210 Oeiras 1012 Oeno 1330 Oeste 1007 O Fallon 1412 Offa 939 Offaly 677 Offenbach am Main 515 Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market 36 Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women see UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women Ofu 1463 Ogaden 446 Ogasawara Islands 723 Ogbomosho 937, 939 Ogden 1449 Ogooué-Ivindo 495 Ogooué-Lolo 495 Ogooué-Maritime 495 Ogun 939 Ohakea 920 Ohangwena 890 Ohi 720 Ohio 1339, 1344, 1346, Ohonua 1218 Ohrid 810, 811 Oio 568 Oistins 189 Oita 716 Oka 939 Okahandja 890 Okat 860 Okavango 890 Okayama 716 Okazaki 716 Okinawa 716 Oklahoma 1340, 1344, 1345, 1346, Oklahoma City 1340, 1432, 1433, 1434 Ólafsfjörður 593 Olancho 579 Öland 1180 Olathe 1341, 1396 Old Bay Road 1330 Oldbury 1278 Oldenburg 515, 534, 535 Olinda 237 Olive Branch 1410 Olkiluoto 461 Olomouc 390, 394, 395 Olomoucký 390 Olosega 1463 Olpenitz 518 Olsztyn 997 Olt 1018 Olympia (Greece) 556 Olympia (Washington) 1453 Omagh 1309 Omaha 1340, 1415, 1416 Omaheke 890 Oman , 51, 56, 70, 71, 72 Ombella-M poko 306 Omdurman 1158 Ominato 719 Omišalj 374 Omsk 1027 Omusati 890 Onchan 1313 Ondangwa 890 Ondjiva 105 Ondo 939 Ongole 615 Ongtüstik Qazaqstan 730 Ongwediva 890 Onitsha 939 Onotoa 740 Ontario (California) 1341, 1374 Ontario (Canada) 268, 270, 271, 274, 276, 279, Ontong Java 1111 Onverwacht 1164 Oodnadatta 146 Oostende see Ostend Oosterhout 905 Opava 390 OPEC 72 3 OPEC Fund for International Development 73 Opolskie 997 Oporto see Porto Oppland 945 Opuwo 890 Oradea 1018, 1022 Orai 643 Oran 95, 96, 99 Orange (California) 1341, 1374 Orange (France) 478 Orange Walk 204 Orangeburg 1440 Oranjestad (Aruba) 912 Oranjestad (Sint Eustatius) 915 Orchid Island 340, 342 Ordu 1231 Örebro 1173, 1174 Oregon 1340, 1344, 1346, Orellana 418 Orem 1448, 1449 Orense see Ourense Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 55 6, 57 Organisation internationale de la Francophonie see International Organisation of La Francophonie Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States 63, 65 Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 38 9 Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons 26 Organization of American States 65 6 Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries 72 Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries 72 3 Organization of the Islamic Conference 56 Oriental 876 Orientale 354 Orkney Islands 1295, 1301, 1304, 1305 Orlando 1340, 1361, 1383, 1384, 1385 Orléans 467, 475 Ormara 961 Ormskirk 1299 Örnsköldsvik 1174 Oro 974 Oromia 447 Oromocto 285 Orona 740 Orumiyeh 660 Oruro 216 Osaka 716, 717, 722, 723 Osasco 231 OSCE 38 9 Osh 761 Oshakati 890 Oshana 890 Oshawa 270, 290 Oshikoto 890 Oshkosh 1456, 1458 Oshogbo 939 Osijek 371, 374 Osječko-Baranjska 371 Oslo 944, 945, 946, 948, 950, 951 Osmaniye 1231 Osnabrück 515, 535 Osoppo 709 Osorno 316 Oss 905 Ostend 197, 198, 199 Ostende see Ostend Östergötland 1173 Östersund 1174 Østfold 945 Ostrava 390, 393, 394 Ostrovetsk 193 Osun 939 Otago 917, 918, 922 Otjiwarongo 890 Otjozondjupa 890 Otopeni 1022 Otsu 716, 723 Ottawa 267, 270, 275, 276, 278, 290, 291, 292 Ouadane 846 Ouaddaï 310 Ouagadougou 249, 251 Ouahigouya 249 Ouahran see Oran Ouaka 306 Oualata 846 Ouangolodougou 369 Ouargla 95 Oudomxai 765 Oudtschoorn 1129 Oued Eddahab-Lagouira 876, 877 Ouémé 208 Ouesso 358 Ouest department (Haiti) 575 Ouest province (Cameroon) 263 Ouham 306 Ouham-Pendé 306 Oujda 877 Oulu 458, 462, 463 Oum El Bouaghi 95 Ourense 1142, 1143 Ouro Preto 230, 237 Outapi 890 Outer Islands (Mauritius) 847 Outer Islands (Seychelles) 1086

45 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1557 Ovda 694 Ovens-Murray 150 Overijssel 905 Overland Park 1341, 1396 Overseas Development Institute 78 Oviedo 1142, 1143, 1149 Owando 358 Owendo 497, 498 Owensboro 1398 Owerri 939 Owo 939 Oxford (England) 1294, 1295, 1299 Oxford (Mississippi) 1411 Oxford (Ohio) 1431 Oxfordshire 1275, 1297 Oxnard 1341, 1374 Oyem 495, 498 Oyo 937, 939 Oyu Tolgoi 870 P Pa Luang 885 Paama 1479 Pachuca de Soto 852 Pacific Community see Secretariat of the Pacific Community Pacific Islands Forum Pacific Zone (Nicaragua) 929 Padang 653, 654 Paderborn 515, 522, 523, 537 Padova see Padua Padua 702, 707, 709 Pagalu see Annobón Pagan 1460 Pago Pago 1463, 1464 Pahang 820, 821, 822 Paharpur 185 Pahtavaara 461 Päijät-Häme 457 Paisley 1304 Paita 984, 986 Pakistan 40, , 18, 43, 48, 51, 56, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 Paks 589 Paksan 765 Pakse 765, 767 Paktika 84 Paktiya 84 Pala 310 Palakkad 603, 628 Palampur 621, 624 Palanga 801 Palangkaraya 653 Palanpur 621 Palau , 56, 67, 69, 70 Palawan 989, 991 Palembang 653 Palencia 1142 Palenque 856 Palermo 699, 700, 702, 703 Palestine 11 12, 29, 40, 43, 695 7, 725 in world organizations 51, 56, 70, 71, 72 Pali 638 Palikir 858 Palisadoes 712 Palkalainagar 641 Palm Bay 1341, 1383 Palm Springs 1365 Palma de Mallorca 1142, 1143, 1145, 1147 Palmaria 709 Palmas 231 Palmdale 1341, 1374 Palmer 1368 Palmer Land 1322 Palmerston (Australia) 138 Palmerston (Cook Islands) 926 Palmerston North 918, 924 Palmyra (Syria) 1189, 1194 Palmyra Atoll 740, 1460, 1468 Palu 653 Palwal 622 Pamandzi 484 Pamanzi 484 Pamplona 1142, 1143, 1149 Pan American Health Organization 65 Panaji 612, 620, 632 Panama , 48, 62, 64, 65, 66 Panamá 968, 972 Panama City 968, 969, 970, 971 Panay 989 Pančevo 1080 Panchkula 622 Pando 216 Panevėžys 797 Pangai 1218 Pangkalpinang 653 Panguna 977 Panipat 603, 622, 623 Panjshir 84 Pannonhalma 591 Panvel 631 Pa-O 885 Papeete 486, 487 Paphos 382, 384, 385 Papua 653, 656 Papua Barat 653 Papua New Guinea , 43, 48, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 Pará (Brazil) 231, 235 Para (Suriname) 1164 Paracel Islands 323 Paradip 612, 637 Paradise (Nevada) 1340 Paradise (Newfoundland and Labrador) 287 Paraguari 978 Paraguay , 48, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67 Paraíba 231 Parakou 208 Paramaribo 1164, 1165, 1166 Paraná (Argentina) 113 Paraná (Brazil) 231, 235 Parañaque 989 Parbhani 603, 632 Pardubice 390 Pardubický 390 Paredes de Coura 1012 Parintins 237 Paris 465, 466, 467, 468, 473, 475, 477, 478, 492 Parkersburg 1455, 1456 Parkside 1458 Parla 1143 Parma (Italy) 699, 702 Parma (Ohio) 1430 Pärnu 441, 445 Paro 214 Parrot Cay 1333 Parry Island see Mauke Parsippany-Troy Hills Township 1420 Parwan 84 Pasadena (California) 1341, 1374 Pasadena (Texas) 1341, 1445 Pasay 989 Pasco (Peru) 983 Pasco (Washington) 1453 Pasig 989 Passaic 1420 Passau 528 Pastaza 418, 419 Pasto 345 Patan 621, 622 Paterson 1341, 1420 Pathankot 624, 637 Patiala 603, 637, 638 Patmos 556 Patna 603, 604, 618, 619 Patras 550, 553, 555 Patratu 626 Pattadakal 613 Pau 467, 475 Paucartambo 987 Pavia 699 Pavlodar 730 Pawtucket 1438 Pays de la Loire 467 Paysandú 1469, 1472 Pazardzhik 244 Pazin 371 Peace Research Institute Oslo 78 Pearl Harbour 715, 1387 Peć 1079, 1084 Pécs 585, 591 Pedernales 413 Pedras Tinhosas 1064 Pedro Cays 711 Peel 1313 Pegu see Bago Pekanbaru 653, 657 Peking see Beijing Pelabuhan Sabah 826 Pella 550 Peloponnese 550 Pemba (Mozambique) 881 Pemba (Tanzania) 1200 Pembroke Pines 1341, 1383 Pembrokeshire 1306 Penang 820, 821, 822, 826, 1094 Penghu 340 Península de Setúbal 1007 Penn Manor 1437 Pennsylvania 1335, 1338, 1339, 1344, 1346, 1364, Peñón de Vélez 1143 Penonomé 968 Penrhyn 926 Pensacola 1385 Pentecost 1479 Penticton 281 Peoples of the South (Ethiopia) 447 Peoria (Arizona) 1341, 1370 Peoria (Illinois) 1341, 1390, 1392 Pepel 1093 Pepillo 416 Perak 820, 821, 822 Peravia 413 Pereira 345 Peren 635 Perim 1496, 1497, 1498 Peristerion 550 Perlis 822 Pernambuco 231 Pernik 244, 248 Peros Banhos 1322 Perpignan 467 Persepolis 665 Perth (Scotland) 1269, 1304 Perth (Western Australia) 124, 125, 126, 128, 132, 135, 153, 154 Perth Amboy 1420 Perth and Kinross (Scotland) 1301 Peru 29, 40, , 48, 57, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Perugia 702, 707 Pesaro 709 Pescadores see Penghu Pescara 702 Peshawar 958, 961, 963 Peshkopi 90 Pest 585 Petach Tikva 690 Petäjävesi 464

46 1558 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Petaling Jaya 822 Pétange 803 Petapa 560 Peteite Terre see Pamanzi Petén 560 Peter I Island 952 Peterborough 1297 Peterhead 1281, 1302 Petersburg 1452 Peterson Institute for International Economics 78 Petite Martinique 557 Petra 729 Petrozavodsk 1041 Petsamo 457 Pew Research Center 78 Pforzheim 515 Phagwara 637 Phan Rang 1491 Phan Thiet 1491 Phang Nga 1206 Phek 635 Philadelphia 1340, 1356, 1361, 1436, 1437, 1438 Philae 427 Philippines , 48, 66, 67, 68, 69 Phnom Penh 257, 258, 260, 261 Phocis 550 Phoenix (Arizona) 1340, 1361, 1370, 1371 Phoenix Islands 740, 742 Phoenix (Kiribati) see Rawaki Phonghong 765 Phongsali 765 Phonsavanh 765 Phthiotis 550 Phu Ly 1491 Phu Tho 1491 Phu Yen 1491 Phuentsholing 214 Phuket 1208 Phulbani 636 Phusro 626 Piacenza 702 Piatra-Neamţ 1018 Piauí 231 Picardie 467 Pichincha 418 Pico 1007, 1012 Piedmont 700, 702, 709 Piemonte see Piedmont Pienza 709 Pieria 550 Pierre 1442 Pietermaritzburg 1132 Pietersburg see Polokwane Pilanesberg 1127 Pilani 639 Pilibhit 643 Pilsen see Plzeň Pinar del Rio 376, 377 Pine Bluff 1372 Pine Point 298 Ping Yao 332 Pingtung 340, 342 Pinhal Interior Norte 1007 Pinhal Interior Sul 1007 Pinhal Litoral 1007 Piparia 647 Piraeus 550, 555 Pirkanmaa 458 Pisa 707, 708 Pitcairn Islands 44, 70, 1318, Piteşti 1018 Pittsburgh (Kansas) 1397 Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) 1340, 1436, 1437, 1438 Piura 983 Plainview 1447 Plano 1340, 1445 Plantation 1383 Plaquemines 1401 Plateau (Benin) 208 Plateau (Nigeria) 938 Plateau-Central 249 Plateaux 358 Platte Island 1086 Platteville 1458 Play Cu 1491 Pleven 244, 246 Ploče 374 Ploieşti 1018 Plovdiv 244 Plymouth (England) 1281, 1297, 1299, 1300 Plymouth (Montserrat) 1329, 1330 Plymouth (New Hampshire) 1420 Plymouth (Trinidad and Tobago) 1221 Plzeň 390, 394 Plzeňský 390 Pocatello 1389 Podgorica 872, 873, 875 Podkarpackie 997 Podlaskie 997 Podor 1077 Pohang 751, 755 Pohjanmaa 458 Pohjois-Karjala 458 Pohjois-Pohjanmaa 458 Pohjois-Savo 458 Pohnpei 858, 860 Poiana Lupului 1023 Point-Central 845, 846 Point Fortin 1221 Point Lisas 1224 Point Salines 559 Pointe-Noire 358, 360, 361 Pointe-à-Pitre 481, 482 Poitiers 467, 468 Poitou-Charentes 467, 478 Poivre 1086 Pokhara 897 Poland , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 66, 73 Polish Institute of International Affairs 78 Pollachi 641 Polokwane 1133 Polonnaruwa 1151, 1156 Poltava 1252 Poltavska 1251 Polygyros 550 Pomona 1341, 1374 Pomorskie 997 Pompano Beach 1383 Pompeii 709 Ponce 1461, 1462 Pondicherry see Puducherry Pongdong-ni 748 Pontevedra 1142 Pontianak 653 Pontypridd 1308 Pool 358 Poole 1297, 1299, 1316 Poona see Pune Popayán 345 Popocatépetl 856 Popondetta 974 Popovka 1256 Porbandar 621, 622 Poreč 375 Pori 458, 464 Porsgrunn 946 Port Alberni 281, 282 Port Arthur 1447 Port-au-Prince 575, 577, 578 Port Augusta 145 Port-aux-Français 493 Port Blair 608, 646, 647 Port Cornwallis 647 Port-de-Paix 575 Port Dickson 826 Port Elizabeth 1121, 1125, 1127, 1130, 1135 Port Erin 1314 Port Everglades 1384 Port-Gentil 494, 495, 497, 498 Port Harcourt 939, 942 Port Hedland 132, 153 Port Huron 1407 Port Kelang 826 Port Kembla 132, 141, 142 Port Lincoln 145 Port Loko 1091 Port Louis 847, 849 Port Manatee 1384 Port Moresby 973, 974, 975, 976, 977 Port-of-Spain 1221, 1223, 1224 Port Pirie 145 Port Purcell 1323 Port Qasim 963 Port Réunion 484 Port Royal 711 Port Said 423, 425, 426 Port St Lucie 1341, 1383 Port Sudan 1158, 1159, 1161, 1162 Port Talbot 1306, 1307 Port Tewfik 425 Port Vila 1479, 1481 Port Walcott 132 Portage la Prairie 283 Portales 1423 Portland (Jamaica) 710 Portland (Maine) 1401, 1402 Portland (Oregon) 1340, 1434, 1435, 1436 Portland (Victoria) 150, 152 Portmore 710 Porto 1006, 1007, 1010, 1011, 1012 Porto Alegre 231, 232, 235, 236 Porto-Novo 208 Porto Santo 1007 Porto Velho 231 Portobelo 972 Portovenere 709 Portoviejo 418 Portsmouth (England) 1274, 1275, 1284, 1297, 1299, 1316 Portsmouth (New Hampshire) 1419 Portsmouth (Ohio) 1431 Portugal , 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 57, 58, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Portugal Cove-St Philip s 287 Portuguesa 1485 Porvoo 458 Posadas 113 Postmasburg 1135 Potchefstroom 1129 Poti 505, 506 Potosí 216, 220 Potsdam 515, 524, 529 Poughkeepsie 1426 Pouytenga 249 Powell River 282 Powys 1295, 1306 Požega 371 Požeško-Slavonska 371 Poznań 996, 997, 998, 1002 Prague 387, 390, 393, 394, 395, 1036 Praha see Prague Prahova 1018 Praia 302, 304 Prakasam 614 Pram Point 926 Prashanti Nilayam 616 Praslin 1086, 1088, 1089 Prato 702

47 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1559 Preah Vihear 261 Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization 25 6 Presidency 645 Presidente Hayes 978 Prešov 1101 Presque Isle 1402 Preston 1269, 1299 Prestwick 1303 Pretoria 1119, 1121, 1127, 1128, 1132 Preveza 550 Price 1449 Prilep 808 Primorsk 1035 Primorska 1110 Primorsko-Goranska 371 Prince Albert 295 Prince Edward Island (Canada) 268, 270, 271, 274, 279, 286, Prince Edward Island (South Africa) 1121 Prince George 281, 283 Prince Rupert 282, 283 Princess Elizabeth Land 156 Princeton 1420, 1421 Príncipe see São Tomé e Príncipe Prins Karls Forland 952 Priština 1080, 1084, 1085 Prizren 1084 Proddutur 615 Progreso 856 Provence-Alpes-Côte d Azur 467 Providence 1341, 1438, 1439 Providence Island 1086 Providenciales 1333, 1334 Provins 478 Provo 1341, 1448, 1449 Przhevalsk see Karakol Ptuj 1110 Pucallpa 983 Puducherry 603, 605, 612, 614, Pudukkottai 641 Puebla 852 Pueblo 1341, 1377, 1378 Puerto Ayacucho 1485 Puerto Baquerizo Moreno 418 Puerto Barrios 563 Puerto Belgrano 115 Puerto Cabello 1487, 1488 Puerto Cabezas 930, 932 Puerto Carreño 345 Puerto Castilla 580, 582 Puerto Cortés 579, 580, 582 Puerto Inírida 345 Puerto Maldonado 983, 984 Puerto Montt 316, 319 Puerto Ordaz 1488 Puerto Plata 413, 416 Puerto Quetzal 562, 563 Puerto Rico 1339, 1340, 1345, 1350, 1361, 1363, 1364, 1460, Puerto Sandino 932 Puerto Suárez 235 Puerto Ventanas 319 Puglia 702 Pujehun 1091 Pukapuka 926 Pula 374 Pulau Pinang 822, 826 Pullman 1454 Pune 603, 612, 631, 632 Punjab (India) 602, 605, 612, 614, Punjab (Pakistan) 958 Puno 983, 984 Punta Arenas 316, 318, 319 Punta Cana 416 Punta Gorda 204 Puntarenas 362, 365 Puntland 1115, 1116, 1118 Punto Fijo 1487 Puri 636, 637 Purmerend 905 Purnea 603, 618 Puruliya 645 Pusa 650 Putrajaya 820, 822 Puttalam 1151 Putumayo 345 Puyo 418 Pwani 1199 Pyatigorsk 1027 Pyeongyang see Pyongyang Pyhäsalmi 461 Pyinmana see Naypyidaw Pyongsong 745 Pyongyang 743, 744, 745, 748, 750 Pyrgos 550 Q Qaasuitsup 405 Qabis see Gabès Qacentina see Constantine Qacha s Nek 780 Qafsah see Gafsa Qalib ash-shuyukh 757 Qaraghandy 730 Qarshi see Karshi Qashqadaryo see Kashkadar Qasrayn see Kassérine Qatar 53, , 18, 47, 51, 56, 66, 70, 71, 72 Qayrawan see Kairouan Qazvin 660 Qena 423 Qeqqata 405 Qibili see Kebili Qikiqtaaluk see Baffin Qingdao 324, 331 Qinghai 323 Qinhuangdao 331 Qizil Qala 87 Qom 660 Qoraqalpoghiston see Karakalpak Autonomous Republic Qormi 835 Qostanay 730 Quang Binh 1491 Quang Nam 1491 Quang Ngai 1491 Quang Ninh 1491 Quang Tri 1491 Quatre Bornes 847 Quebec 47, 268, 269, 270, 271, 274, 279, 286, 287, Quebec City 268, 270, 275, 278, 293, 294, 295 Quedlinburg 524 Queen Charlotte Islands (British Columbia) 281 Queen Maud Land 952 Queens 1424 Queensland 124, 125, 126, 127, 130, 133, 135, Quelimane 881, 884 Quemoy see Kinmen Querétaro 856 Querétaro Arteaga 852 Quetta 958, 963 Quezaltenango 560 Quezon City 989 Quibdó 345 Quiché 560 Quilon 640 Quinara 568 Quincy 1405 Quindío 345 Quinhámel 568 Quintana Roo 852 Quiriguá 563 Quito 417, 418, 419, 420, 421 Qunaytirah 1190 Quneitra 690 Quthing 780 Quy Nhon 1491 Qyzylorda 730 R Raasepori 458 Rabak 1158 Rabat (Morocco) 876, 877, 880 Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer 880 Rabaul 974, 976, 977 Rach Gia 1491 Racine 1456 Radford 1452 Radom 997 Rae Bareli 643 Rae-Edzo 298 Ragged Island 173 Raha 617 Rahuri 632 Raiatéa 486 Raichur 614, 626, 627 Raiganj 645 Raigarh 619 Raipur 603, 619 Raivavae 486 Rajahmundry 603 Rajang 826 Rajapalaiyam 641 Rajasthan 602, 603, 605, 612, 614, Rajkot 603, 621, 622 Rajnandgaon 619 Rajshahi 182 Rakahanga 926 Rakhine State 885 Raleigh 1340, 1426, 1427, 1428 Ram Nagar 645 Ramagundam 603, 615 Ramallah 690 Ramat Gan 694 Ramgarh 626 Ramla 690 Râmnicu Vâlcea 1018 Rampur 603 Ramsey 1313, 1314 Ramsund 948 Ranaghat 645 Rancagua 316 Ranchi 603, 612, 619, 626 Rancho Cucamonga 1341, 1374 RAND Corporation 78 Randers 397 Ranga Reddy 614 Rangiroa 486 Rangoon see Yangon Rangpur 182, 185 Ranippettai 603 Rankin Inlet 297, 299 Ranongga Islands 1111 Raoul Island 918 Rapa 486 Rapa Nui see Easter Island Rapid City 1442, 1443 Raqqah 1190 Rarotonga 926, 927 Ras al-khaimah 1258, 1259, 1262 Ras Tanura 1072 Raša 374 Rashid 1262 Rasht 660 Rason 745, 747 Ratlam 603, 629, 630 Ratmalana 1154 Ratnapura 1151 Rauma 458, 464 Ravenna 699, 702, 709 Rawaki 740 Rawalpindi 958 Rawson 113 Raymah 1497 Razavi Khorasan 660 Razgrad 244 Reading (England) 1297, 1299

48 1560 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Reading (Pennsylvania) 1436 Recife 230, 231, 232, 236 Recklinghausen 515 Red Deer 279 Red River Delta region (Vietnam) 1491 Red Sea governorate (Egypt) 423 Red Sea state (Sudan) 1158 Redbridge 1297 Redcar and Cleveland 1297 Redmond 1453 Redonda 109 Reef Islands 1111 Regensburg 510, 515, 524, 528 Reggio di Calabria 702 Reggio nell Emilia 702 Regina 270, 276, 295, 296 Rehoboth 890 Rehovoth 694 Reichenau 524 Reims 467, 475, 478 Reirson see Rakahanga Relizane 95 Remscheid 515 Rendova Islands 1111 Renfrewshire 1301 Rennell and Bellona 1111 Rennes 467, 475, 477 Reno 1340, 1417, 1418 Renton 1453 Repentigny 294 Resistencia 113, 117 Reşiţa 1018 Retalhuleu 560 Rethymnon 550 Réunion 478, 479, Reus 1143 Reutlingen 515 Rewa 629, 630 Rewari 622 Reykjanesbær 593 Reykjavík 592, 593, 596, 597, 598 Reynosa 852 Rhaetian 1186 Rhineland-Palatinate 513, 514, Rhode Island 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Rhodes 550, 556 Rhodope 550 Rhondda Cynon Taff 1306 Rhône-Alpes 467 Riau 653 Ribe 396 Ribeira Grande 305 Ribeirão Preto 231 Richards Bay 1127, 1133 Richmond (California) 1341 Richmond (Indiana) 1394 Richmond (Kentucky) 1398 Richmond (Virginia) 1341, 1451, 1452 Richmond Hill 290 Richmond-Tweed 140 Richmond upon Thames 1297 Rifa a 177, 179 Rift Valley 735 Riga 443, 769, 770, 772, 773, 774, 799 Riihimäki 458 Rijeka 371, 374 Rila 248 Rimatara 486 Rimini 702, 1062 Rinas 93 Rio Branco 231 Rio de Janeiro 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 236, 237 Río Gallegos 113 Rio Grande 233 Rio Grande do Norte 231 Rio Grande do Sul 231, 235 Rio Muni 432 Río Negro (Argentina) 113 Río Negro (Uruguay) 1469 Rio Rancho 1422 Río San Juan 930 Riobamba 417 Riohacha 345 Risalpur 961 Risaralda 345 Risdon 149 Rishikesh 645 Rishon le-ziyyon 690 Ritchie Archipelago 647 Rivas 929 River Cess 784 River Falls 1458 River Gee 784 River Nile state (Sudan) 1158 Rivera 1469 Rivers 939 Riverside 1340, 1374 Riversleigh 135 Rivne 1252 Rivnenska 1251 Riyadh 1067, 1068, 1070, 1071, 1072 Rize 1231 Road Town 1323 Roatún 582 Robben Island 1128 Robertson Pet 627 Robertsport 784 Rocha 1469 Rochester (England) 1289, 1299 Rochester (Minnesota) 1341, 1408 Rochester (New Hampshire) 1419 Rochester (New York) 1340, 1424, 1425, 1426 Rock Hill 1440, 1441 Rock Springs 1458 Rockford 1341, 1390 Rockhampton 143 Rockland 1401 Rockville 1403 Rodrigues 847, 849 Roebourne 153 Roehampton 1299 Roermond 905 Roeselare 197 Rogaland 944, 945 Rogers 1372 Roha 611 Rohtak 603, 622, 623 Rolas 1064 Rolla 1413 Roma see Rome (Italy) Roma (Lesotho) 782 Romania , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 65, 66, 73 Rome 698, 699, 700, 701, 702, 703, 707, 708, 709, 1483 Ronaldsway 1314 Rondônia 231 Ronne Ice Shelf 1322 Roorkee 603, 644, 645 Roosendaal 905 Roque del Este 1142 Roque del Oeste 1142 Roraima 231 Rosario 114, 116 Røros 951 Roscommon 677 Rose Island 1463 Roseau 410, 412 Roseville 1341, 1374 Roskilde 402, 403 Ross Bay Junction 288 Ross Dependency 44, 926 Rosso 843 Rostock 515, 535, 536 Rostov-on-Don 1027 Roswell 1422 Rosyth 1284, 1303 Rota (Northern Marianas) 1460 Rota (Spain) 1145 Rotorua 918 Rotterdam 905, 907, 909, 910, 911 Rotuma 451 Roubaix 468 Rouen 465, 467, 475 Roulers see Roeselare Round Rock 1445 Rourkela 603 Rousse 244, 248 Rovaniemi 458, 462, 463, 464 Royal Institute of International Affairs 75 6 Royal Island 480 Rub Al-Khahi see Empty Quarter (Yemen) Rufisque 1075, 1077 Ruhengeri 1045 Ruiru 735 Ruissalo 464 Rukwa 1199 Rum Cay 173 Rumbek 1138, 1139 Rundu 890 Rupnarayanpur 646 Rurutu 486 Rushen 1313 Russell Islands 1111, 1113 Russia , 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 14, 18, 44, 45, 52, 56, 57, 65, 66, 67, 68, 73 republics in UN 4, 5, 7 Rustavi 503 Rutana 253 Rutland (England) 1297 Rutland City (Vermont) 1449 Ruvuma 1200 Ruwais 1014 Ruyigi 253 Rwanda , 18, 43, 47, 48, 58, 59 Rybachi 763 Ryukyu 723 Rzeszów 997, 1002 S S. A. S. Nagar 637 Sa Dec 1491 Sa adah 1497 Saarbrücken 515, 539 Saaremaa 441 Saarland 512, 513, 514, Saba 911, 915 Sabadell 1143 Sabah 8, 821, 822, 826 Sabbioneta 709 Sabha 789 Sacaba 216 Sacatepéquez 560 Sackville 286 Saco 1401 Sacramento 1340, 1374, 1376 Safaqa 425 Safaqis see Sfax Safi 877 Safranbolu 1237 Saga 716 Sagaing 885 Sagamihara 716 Sagar 603, 629, 630 Saginaw 1407, 1408 Sagres 1005 Saguenay 270, 294 Saharanpur 603 Saharsa 618 Sahel 249 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic see Western Sahara

49 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1561 Saida (Algeria) 95 Saida (Lebanon) 775, 779 St Albert 279 St Andrews 1304 St Angelo 1311 St Ann 710 St Anne s 1318 St Asaph 1269 St Aubin 1317 St Barthélemy 479, 481, 488 St Brandon Group 847 St Catherine (Jamaica) 710 St Catherines (Ontario) 270, 290 St Charles 1412 St Cloud 1409 St Croix 1466, 1467 Saint-Denis (France) 468 Saint-Denis (Réunion) 485 St Elizabeth 710 Saint-Emilion 478 Saint-Étienne 467, 475 St Gallen 795, 1182, 1186, 1187, 1188 St George (New Brunswick) 285 St George (Utah) 1449 St George s (Bermuda) 1320, 1321 St George s (Grenada) 557, 559 St Helena 44, 466, 1318, St Helier 1316, 1317 St James (Barbados) 189 St James (Jamaica) 710 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu 294 Saint-Jérôme 294 Saint John (New Brunswick) 275, 285, 286 St John (Virgin Islands) 1466, 1467 St John s (Antigua and Barbuda) 109, 111 St John s (Newfoundland) 270, 287 St Joseph (French Guiana) 480 St Joseph (Missouri) 1412 St Kilda 1295, 1305 St Kitts and Nevis , 43, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni 480 St Louis (Missouri) 1340, 1412, 1413 Saint-Louis (Senegal) 1074, 1075, 1077 St Lucia , 43, 47, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Saint-Malo 478 St Margarethen 166 St Martin 479, 481, 488 St Mary 710 Saint-Nazaire 468, 475 St Nicolas see St Niklaas St Niklaas 197 St Paul (Minnesota) 1340, 1361, 1408, 1409 Saint-Paul (Réunion) 485 Saint-Paul Island 493 St Paul s Bay 835 St Peter 1317 St Peter Port 1317, 1318 St Peters 1412 St Petersburg (Florida) 1340, 1383 St Petersburg (Russia) 1025, 1026, 1027, 1028, 1032, 1034, 1035, 1036, 1037 Saint-Pierre (Réunion) 485 St Pierre and Miquelon 287, 479, St Pierre Island 1086 St Pölten 161 St Sampson s 1318 St Thomas (Jamaica) 710 St Thomas (Puerto Rico) 1461 St Thomas (Virgin Islands) 1466, 1467 St Vincent and the Grenadines , 43, 48, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Sainte-Hyacinthe 294 Sainte-Marie 482 Saipan 1460, 1461 Saitama 716 Sakai 716 Sakarya 1231 Sakha 1042 Sakhalin Island 715, 1027 Sal 302, 304 Sala y Gomez 316 Salacgrīva 774 Salah-ad-Din 670 Sălaj 1018 Salalah 953, 956 Salamanca 1142, 1143, 1149 Salamat 310 Salamis 553 Salavan 765 Salcedo 413 Saldanha 1127 Salekhard 1043 Salem (India) 603, 614, 641, 642 Salem (Massachusetts) 1406 Salem (Oregon) 1341, 1434, 1436 Salerno 702 Salford 1299 Salgótarján 585 Salinas 1341, 1374 Salins-les-Bains 478 Salisbury (Maryland) 1404 Salmon Arm 281 Salo 458 Salomon 1322 Salt Cay 1333 Salt Lake City 1341, 1361, 1447, 1448, 1449 Salta 113 Saltaire 1295 Saltillo 852 Salto 1469, 1470, 1472 Salvador 230, 231, 232, 233, 236, 237 Salzburg 161, 165, 166 Salzgitter 515, 520 Samakhi Xai 765 Samaná 413 Samangan 84 Samar 989 Samara 1027, 1035 Samarinda 653 Samarkand 1475, 1477, 1478 Samarqand see Samarkand Samarra 668, 674 Samastipur 619 Sambalpur 603, 636, 637 Sambava 812 Sambhal 643 Samoa , 43, 67, 69, 70 Samos 550, 556 Samsun 1231 Samut Prakan 1205 San Ambrosio 316 San Andrés 345, 348 San Andrés y Providencia 345 San Antonio (Chile) 319 San Antonio (Texas) 1340, 1445, 1447 San Antonio de Palea 432 San Bernardino 1340, 1374 San Blas see Kuna Yala San Buenaventura 1341 San Carlos (Nicaragua) 930 San Carlos (Venezuela) 1485 San Cristóbal (Dominican Republic) 413 San Cristobal (Solomon Islands) see Makira and Ulawa San Cristóbal (Venezuela) 1485 San Cristóbal de La Laguna 1143 San Diego 1340, 1374, 1376 San Felipe 1485 San Félix 316 San Fernando (Trinidad and Tobago) 1221 San Fernando (Venezuela) 1485 San Francisco (California) 1340, 1356, 1361, 1362, 1374, 1376 San Francisco (El Salvador) 428 San Francisco Coacalco 852 San Gimignano 708 San Ignacio 204 San Isidoro 415 San Isidro el General 365 San Jose (California) 1340, 1374, 1376 San José (Costa Rica) 362, 364 San José (Uruguay) 1469 San José de Ocoa 413 San José del Guaviare 345 San Jose del Monte 989 San Juan (Argentina) 113, 114 San Juan (Dominican Republic) 413 San Juan (Puerto Rico) 1461, 1462 San Juan de los Morros 1485 San Juan del Sur 932 San Lorenzo (Paraguay) 978 San Lorenzo Island (Peru) 984 San Luis 113 San Luis Potosí 852 San Marcos (California) 1374 San Marcos (Guatemala) 560 San Marcos (Texas) 1445 San Marino 708, , 37, 38, 39 in other organizations 5, 7, 14, 18 San Martín 983 San Miguel (El Salvador) 428, 431 San Miguel (Mexico) 856 San Miguel de Tucumán 113, 114 San Miguelito 968 San Nicolas 912 San Nicolás de los Garza 852 San Pedro (Belize) 207 San-Pédro (Côte d Ivoire) 367 San Pedro (Paraguay) 978 San Pedro de Macoris 413 San Pedro Sula 579, 581 San Salvador (Bahamas) 173 San Salvador (El Salvador) 428, 430, 431 San Salvador de Jujuy 113 San Sebastián 1142, 1143 San Vicente (Chile) 319 San Vicente (El Salvador) 428, 431 Sana a 1496, 1497, 1500 Sanaag 1115, 1116 Sanandaj 660 Sánchez Ramirez 413 Sanchi 613 Sancti Spíritus 376 Sandakan 822, 824, 826 Sandaun 974 Sandefjord 946, 950 Sandnes 946 Sandoy 403 Sandy 1448 Sandy Ground 1320 Sandy Springs 1385 Sanem 803 Sanford 1383 Sangan 665

50 1562 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Sangaredi 566 Sangha 358 Sangha M baéré 306 Sangli-Miraj 603 Sangrur 637 Saniquillie 784 Şanlıurfa 1231 Sant Julià de Lòria 101 Santa Ana (California) 1340, 1374 Santa Ana (El Salvador) 428, 431 Santa Bárbara 579 Santa Catarina 231, 235 Santa Clara (California) 1341, 1374 Santa Clara (Cuba) 377 Santa Clarita 1341, 1374 Santa Coloma de Gramenet 1143 Santa Cruz (Argentina) 113 Santa Cruz (Bolivia) 216, 219 Santa Cruz (Solomon Islands) 1111 Santa Cruz de la Sierra 216, 219 Santa Cruz de Tenerife 1142, 1143, 1147 Santa Elena (Belize) 204 Santa Elena (Ecuador) 418 Santa Fé (Argentina) 113 Santa Fe (New Mexico) 1335, 1365, 1422 Santa Isabel 1111 Santa Luzia 302 Santa Maria 1007 Santa Marta 345 Santa Nome de Deus de Macao 338 Santa Rosa (Argentina) 113 Santa Rosa (California) 1341, 1374 Santa Rosa (Guatemala) 560 Santa Rosa (Venezuela) 1489 Santa Tecla 428 Santander (Colombia) 345 Santander (Spain) 1142, 1143 Santhal Pargana 618 Santiago (Chile) 314, 315, 316, 318, 319 Santiago (Dominican Republic) 413 Santiago (Panama) 968 Santiago de Compostela 1140, 1142, 1147, 1149 Santiago de Cuba 376, 377, 380 Santiago de los Caballeros 413 Santiago de María 431 Santiago de Querétaro 852 Santiago del Estero 113 Santiago Rodriguez 413 Santipur 603, 645 Santo 1481 Santo André 231 Santo Antão 302 Santo Domingo 413, 415, 416 Santo Domingo de los Colorados 413 Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas 418 Santo Tomás de Castilla 562, 563 Santos 236 Sanyang 500 São António 1064 São Bernardo do Campo 231 São Cristóvão 237 São Gonçalo 231 São Jorge 1007 São José dos Campos 231 São Luís 231, 237 São Miguel 1007 São Nicolau 302 São Paulo 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236 São Tiago 302, 304, 305 São Tomé e Príncipe 29, , 47, 58, 60 São Vicente 302, 305 Sapele 939 Sapporo 716, 717, 722, 723 Saqr 1262 Saragossa see Zaragoza Sarajevo 221, 222, 223, 224 Saramacca 1164 Sarandë 93 Saransk 1042 Sarasota 1385 Sarawak 8, 821, 822, 826 Sarazm 1198 Sardegna see Sardinia Sardinia 700, 702 Sarh 310, 313 Sari 660 Saripul 84 Sariwon 745 Sark 1316, 1318 Sarpsborg 946 Sasaram 618 Sasebo 716, 719 Saskatchewan 268, 270, 271, 276, 279, Saskatoon 270, 295, 296 Sasolburg 1131 Sassari 702, 707 Satakunta 458 Satara 631 Satna 603, 629 Sattahip 1206 Satu Mare 1018 Sauðárkrókur 593 Saudi Arabia , 51, 56, 58, 66, 70, 71, 72 Saul 480 Sault Ste Marie 1407 Saurimo 105, 108 Sava 812 Savai i 1058 Savanes 367 Savannah 1341, 1385, 1386 Savannakhet 765 Savonlinna 458, 464 Sawai Madhopur 638, 639 Saxony 511, 514, Saxony-Anhalt 514, 541 Sayabouri 765 Scarborough (Ontario) 290 Scarborough (Tobago) 1221, 1224 Scattered Islands 492, 493 Schaffhausen 1182, 1183 Scharhörn 531 Schaumberg-Lippe 534 Schenectady 1424 Schiedam 905 Schleswig-Holstein 511, 513, 514, Schoelcher 482 Schokland 911 Schwerin 535 Schwyz 1181, 1183 Scilly (French Polynesia) 486 Scilly, Isles of 1297 Scotland see also United Kingdom Scott Base 926 Scottish Borders 1301 Scottsdale 1340, 1370 Scrabster 1281 Scranton 1436, 1438 Sealdah 646 Searcy 1373 Seattle 1340, 1361, 1365, 1369, 1453, 1454 Secretariat for Central American Economic Integration 66 Secretariat of the Pacific Community 70 Secunderabad 611 Sédhiou 1074 Sedlec 395 Ségou 831 Segovia 1142, 1149 Séguéla 367 Seinäjoki 458, 464 Sejingkat 824 Sekondi 545, 546 Sekong 765 Selangor 820, 821, 822 Selebi-Phikwe 225 Selfoss 593 Sélibaby 843 Seltjarnarnes 593 Semarang 653, 654, 656 Semenawi Keyih Bahri 436 Semnan 660 Semporna 824 Sendai 716, 722, 723 Senegal , 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Sennar 1158 Sensuntepeque 428 Seo de Urgel 102, 1147 Seongnam 751 Seoul 743, 748, 749, 750, 751, 753, 755, 756 Sepanggar 824 Sept-Îles 288 Seraing 197 Serang 653 Serbia , 29, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 7, 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 66 Seremban 822 Sergiev Posad 1036 Sergipe 231 Seria 239, 240, 241 Sermersooq 405 Serowe 225 Serra da Estrela 1007 Serravalle 1061 Serres 550 Sétif 95 Setúbal 1012 Sevastopol 1251, 1252, 1254 Sevilla see Seville Seville 1140, 1142, 1143, 1147, 1149 Seward (Alaska) 1369 Seward (Nebraska) 1416 Sewell 320 Seychelles 29, , 43, 47, 48, 58, 59, 61 Seyðisfjörður 593 Sf. Gheorghe 1018 Sfax 1226, 1227, 1228 Shaanxi 322, 323, 332 Shaba 353 Shabeellaha Dhexe 1115, 1116 Shabeellaha Hoose 1116 Shabwa 1497 Shag Island 157 Shagamu 939 Shah Alam 822 Shahjahanpur 603 Shahr-e-Kord 660 Shakhrisyabz 1478 Shaki 939 Shamshabad 615 Shan State 885 Shandong 323, 329, 332 Shanghai 323, 324, 325, 328, 331 Shanksville 1338 Shannon 683, 685 Shanthabouli 765 Shantou 324, 330 Shanxi 323, 329, 332 Sharjah 1258, 1259, 1261, 1262 Sharkia 423 Sharm El-Sheikh 426 Sharyn Gol 871

51 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1563 Shawnigan 294 Sheboygan 1456 Shefferville 288 Sheffield 1283, 1297, 1299 Shencottah 640 Shëngjin 93 Shenyang 323, 324, 331, 332 Shenzhen 324, 328, 330, 331 Shepherdstown 1456 Sheraro 437, 448 Sherbrooke 270, 294, 295 Sheridan 1458 Sherwood Park 279 Shetland Islands 1301, 1304 Shibam 1500 Shibin Al Kom 423 Shiga 716 Shigatse 324 Shijiazhuang 323, 324 Shikoku 715 Shiliguri 603, 640, 645 Shillong 603, 608, 633, 634 Shimane 716 Shimla 623, 624, 638 Shimoga 603, 627, 628 Shimonoseki 716 Shinyanga 1200 Shirakami-Sanchi 723 Shirakawa-go 723 Shiraz 660, 665 Shiretoko 723 Shiselweni 1168 Shivpuri 629 Shizuoka 716 Shkodër 89, 90, 93 Sholapur 603, 631 Shomolu 939 Shoreline 1453 Shortland Islands 1111 Shreveport 1341, 1400, 1401 Shropshire 1297 Shubra Al Khayma 423 Shumen 244 Shushtar 665 Shyghys Qazaqstan 730 Shymkent 730 Siang 616 Šiauliai 797, 801 Šibenik 371, 375 Šibensko-Kninska 371 Siberian district (Russia) 1027 Sibiti 358 Sibiu 1018, 1022, 1023 Sibu 826 Sibut 306 Sichuan 323, 332 Sicilia see Sicily Sicily 699, 700, 701, 702 Sidcup 1300 Sidi-bel-Abbés 95 Sidi Bouzid 1226 Sidon see Saida (Lebanon) Siegen 515, 537 Siem Reap 258, 261 Siena 708, 709 Sierra Leone , 43, 48, 51, 56, 58, 60 Sighişoara 1023 Sigiriya 1156 Siglufjörður 593 Siirt 1231 Sikar 638 Sikasso 831 Sikkim 602, 605, 612, 614, Sila 310 Silchar 617 Silhouette 1086 Siliana 1226 Siliguri see Shiliguri Silistra 244 Silvassa 647, 648 Silver City 1423 Silver Spring 1403 Silyanah see Siliana Simferopol 1251, 1252, 1256, 1257 Simi Valley 1341, 1374 Simiyu 1200 Simon s Town 1123 Simplon 1186 Sinai 689, 690, 696 Sinaloa 852 Sincelejo 345 Sindh 958 Sines 1012 Singa 1158 Singapore 40, 820, in world organizations 7, 8, 14, 18, 43, 67, 68, 69 Singave 490 Singida 1200 Singrauli 629 Sinj 375 Sinoe 784 Sinop 1231 Sint Eustatius 911, 915 Sint Maarten 20, 62, 488, 911, 914 Sint Nicolaas see San Nicolas Sintra 1012 Sinuiju 745, 748, 755 Sion 1186 Sioux City 1394, 1395 Sioux Falls 1341, 1442 Sipalwini 1164 Siracusa see Syracuse (Italy) Sirdaryo see Syr-Darya Şırnak 1231 Sironj 629 Sirsa 622 Sisačko-Moslavačka 371 Sisak 371 Sistan and Baluchestan 660 Sitapur 643 Sitka 1368 Sitra 177 Sittard-Geleen 905 Sittwe 885, 886 Sivakasi 641 Sivas 1231 Siwan 618 6th October 423 6th October City 423 Sjælland see Zealand Skagway 301, 1369, 1370 Skálafjørður 404 Skanderborg 403 Skåne 396, 1172, 1173 Skellefteå 1174 Skhirat 877 Skien 946 Skikda 95, 99 Škocjan 1110 Skopje 808, 810, 811 Skövde 1174 Skovorodino 329, 1034 Śląskie 997 Slatina 1018 Slavonia 371 Slavonski Brod 371 Sligo 677, 685 Sliven 244 Slobozia 1018 Slough 1297 Slovakia 388 9, , 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 66, 73 Slovenia , 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 7, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 64, 66 Smallingerland 905 Smithfield 1439 Smolyan 244 Snares Islands 918, 925 Soc Trang 1491 Soccsksargen 989 Society Archipelago 486 Socorro 1423 Socotra 1497, 1498, 1500 Södermanland 1173 Södertälje 1174 Sofala 881 Sofia (Bulgaria) 243, 244, 246, 247, 248 Sofia (Madagascar) 812 Sogn og Fjordane 945, 951 Sokhna 426 Sokodé 1215 Sokolov 393 Sokoto 937, 938, 939 Sol 1116 Solan 623, 624 Solander Island 918 Soledad Díez Gutiérrez 852 Soleure see Solothurn Solingen 515 Sollentuna 1174 Solna 1174 Solo 653 Sololá 560 Solomon Islands , 43, 67, 69, 70 Solothurn 1182, 1183 Solovetsky Islands 1036 Soltaniyeh 665 Soltüstik Qazaqstan 730 Solwezi 1502 Somalia 43, in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 48, 51, 56, 60, 70, 71, 72 Somalia (Ethiopia) 447 Somaliland Republic 1115, 1116, 1118 Sombrero 1319 Somerset 1295, 1297 Somogy 585 Somoto 929 Son La 1491 Songkla 1206 Songo Mnara 1203 Sonipat 603, 622 Sonora 852 Sonsonate 428, 431 Sør-Trøndelag 945 Soria 1142 Soriano 1469 Sorocaba 231 Sosnowiec 997 Sotavento 302 Soudha Bay 553 Soufrière 1052, 1054 Souk Ahras 95 Souris 293 Souss Massa-Draâ 876 Sousse 1226, 1228, 1229 South Africa 29, 55, in world organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 58, 61, 73 provinces South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation 70 South Australia 124, 125, 126, 127, 130, 139, 141, South Ayrshire 1301 South Bend 1341, 1393 South Burlington 1449 South Caicos 1333 South Carolina 1339, 1340, 1344, 1346, South Central Coast region (Vietnam) 1491 South Dakota 1340, 1344, 1346, South Darfur 1158 South Denmark 397 South Dublin 677 South East district (Botswana) 225 South East region (England) 1297

52 1564 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX South East region (Vietnam) 1491 South Eastern district (New South Wales) 140 South Georgia 44, 1318, South Gloucestershire 1297 South Hamgyong 745 South Hwanghae 745 South Island (Cocos) 156 South Island (New Zealand) 917, 918, 922, 925 South Kanara 626, 640 South Khorasan 660 South Kordufan 1158 South Korea see Korea, Republic of (South Korea) South Lanarkshire 1301 South Louisiana 1361, 1400, 1401, 1447 South Orange 1421 South Orkney Islands 1322 South Ossetia 502, 503, 505, 508 South Portland 1401 South Pyongan 745 South region (Iceland) 593 South Sandwich Islands 44, 1318, South Shetland Islands 1322 South Sinai 423 South Sudan in world organizations 4, 8, 14, 18, 48, 58, 59, 60 South Tabiteuea 740 South Tarawa 740, 742 South Tripura 642 South West region (England) 1297 South Yorkshire 1297 Southampton 1284, 1297, 1299 Southaven 1410 Southeast Fairbanks 1368 Southend-on-Sea 1297 Southern African Customs Union 40, 61 Southern African Development Community 61 Southern and Antarctic Territories (France) 479, Southern Common Market see MERCOSUR Southern district (Botswana) 225 Southern district (Israel) 690 Southern district (Russia) 1027 Southern governorate (Bahrain) 177 Southern Grenadine Islands 557 Southern Highlands (Papua New Guinea) 974 Southern Line Islands 740 Southern Peninsula (Iceland) 593 Southern province (Rwanda) 1045 Southern province (Sierra Leone) 1090, 1091 Southern province (Zambia) 1502 Southern region (Malaŵi) 816 Southland (New Zealand) 918, 922 Southport 1427 Southwark 1297 Southwestern Somalia 1115, 1116 Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia in Cyprus 44, 1318, 1333 Soyo 108 Sozopol 246 Spain , 28, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 4, 5, 8, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 57, 58, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Spanish Town 710 Spanish Wells 173 Sparks 1417 Spartanburg 1441 Sparti 550 Spearfish 1443 Speyer 523, 538 Spijkenisse 905 Spišský 1105 Spitsbergen 952 Split 371, 374, 375 Splitsko-Dalmatinska 371 Spokane 1341, 1453, 1454 Spokane Valley 1453 Spoleto 699, 709 Spratly Islands 68, 323 Spring Hill 1383 Spring Valley 1341 Springbok 1135 Springdale 1372 Springfield (Illinois) 1341, 1390, 1391, 1392 Springfield (Massachusetts) 1341, 1405 Springfield (Missouri) 1341, 1412 Springfield (Ohio) 1430 Springfield (Oregon) 1434 Spruce Grove 279 Squamish 282 Srebrenica 221 Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte 1150, 1151 Sri Lanka in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70 Srikakulam 615 Srinagar 603, 624, 625 Staffordshire 1297 Stamford 1341, 1379 Stanley 1325, 1326 Stann Creek 204 Stansted 1283 Stara Zagora 244 Starbuck 740 Stari Grad 375 Stari Ras and Sopocani 1083 Starkville 1411 Staten Island 1424 Statesboro 1387 Stavanger 946, 950, 951 Steiermark see Styria Steinbach 283 Stellenbosch 1137 Stephenville 287 Sterling Heights 1341, 1407 Stettin see Szczecin Stevens Point 1458 Stewart 282 Stewart Island 918 Stichtse Vecht 905 Stillwater 1432, 1433 Stirling 1269, 1301, 1304 Stockholm 1172, 1173, 1174, 1177, 1178, 1180 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute 78 9 Stockton 1340, 1374 Stockton-on-Tees 1297 Stoke-on-Trent 1297, 1299 Stonehenge 1295 Storm Lake 1395 Storrs 1380 Stout 1458 Strabane 1309 Stralsund 524, 536 Stranraer 1284 Strasbourg 33, 38, 467, 475, 478 Strathcona County 279 Středočeský 390 Streymoy 403 Strongsville 1430 Studenica 1083 Stuttgart 515, 520, 522, 525, 526 Styria 161 Suakin 1162 Suao 342 Subang Jaya 822 Subansiri 616 Subotica 1080 Suceava 1018 Suchitepéquez 560 Sucre (Bolivia) 216, 220 Sucre (Colombia) 345 Sucre (Venezuela) 1485 Sucumbíos 418 Sud-Bandama 367 Sud-Comoé 367 Sud department (Haiti) 575 Sud-Est department (Haiti) 575 Sud-Kivu 354 Sud-Ouest province (Cameroon) 263 Sud-Ouest region (Burkina Faso) 249 Sud province (Cameroon) 263 Sudan 4, 43, 53, in world organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 70, 71, 72 Suðuroy 403 Súdwest Fryslân 905 Suez 423, 425 Suffolk 1295, 1297, 1300 Sugarland 1445 Sughd 1195 Suhag 423 Suita 716 Sukhothai 1209 Sukhumi 502, 503, 507 Sulawesi 653, 656, 657 Sulawesi Barat 653 Sulawesi Selatan 653 Sulawesi Tengah 653 Sulawesi Tenggara 653 Sulawesi Utara 653 Sully-sur-Loire 478 Sultanpur 643 Sumatera Barat 653 Sumatera Selatan 653 Sumatera Utara 653 Sumatra 653, 654, 656, 657, 658 Sumbe 105, 108 Sumgait 168, 171 Summerside 292, 293 Sumska 1252 Sumy 1252 Sun City 1127 Sunday Island see Raoul Island Sunderland 1299 Sundsvall 1174 Sungei Ujung 821 Sunnyvale 1341, 1374 Sunrise 1383 Sunrise Manor 1341 Sunshine Coast 143 Sunyani 545 Superior 1458 Supsa 505 Surabaya 653, 654, 655, 656 Surabaya Juanda 657 Surat 603, 622, 648 Surendranagar 603, 621 Surin 1209 Suriname in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 51, 56, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67 Surkhan-Darya 1475 Surkhet 897 Surkhondaryo see Surkhan- Darya Surprise 1341, 1370 Surrey (British Columbia) 283 Surrey (England) 1297 Surt 789 Surtsey 598

53 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1565 Susah see Sousse Sutherland 1135 Sutton 1297 Suva 451, 454 Suwarrow 926 Suwaydá 1190 Suwon 751, 756 Suzdal 1036 Suzhou 324, 331, 332 Svalbard 946, 952 Sverdrup islands 269 Swain s Island 1463 Swakopmund 890 Swansea 1306, 1308 Swarthmore 1438 Swaziland in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 58, 59, 61 Sweden , 27, 28, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 73 Swidnica 1003 Świętokrzyskie 997 Swift Current 295 Swindon 1297 Świnoujście 1000, 1002 Switzerland , 29, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Syddanmark see South Denmark Sydney (Kiribati) see Manra Sydney (New South Wales) 124, 125, 126, 128, 130, 132, 135, 136, 140, 141, 142, 143, 152 Sydney (Nova Scotia) 290 Syktyvkar 1041 Sylhet 182, 185, 617 Syr-Darya 1475 Syracuse (Italy) 699, 702, 709 Syracuse (New York) 1341, 1424, 1426 Syria 12, in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 51, 56, 57, 70, 71, 72 Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 585 Szczecin 996, 997, 998, 1002 Szeged 585, 589, 590, 591 Székesfehérvár 585 Szekszárd 585 Szolnok 585 Szombathely 585 Tabasco 852 Tabiteuea 740 Tabligbo 1217 T Tabora 1200 Tabriz 660, 665 Tabuaeran 740 Täby 1174 Táchira 1485 Tacna 982, 983 Tacoma 1341, 1453, 1454 Tacuarembó 1469 Tadepalligudem 615 Tadjourah 407 Tadla-Azilal 877 Tadmur see Palmyra (Syria) Tadrart Acacus 792 Tafilah 725 Tagant 843 Taguig 989 Tahaa Island 486 Tahiti 486, 487 Tahlequah 1433 Tahoua 934, 936 Tahuata 486 Tai Wai 336 Taichung 340, 342 Taif 1068 Tainan 340, 342 Taiohae 486 Taipa 338 Taipei 339, 340, 341, 342 Taitung 340, 342 Taiwan 64, 67, 322, 323, 330, Taiyuan 323, 324 Ta iz 1497 Tajikistan in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 39, 44, 45, 48, 51, 52, 56, 67, 69 Takamatsu 716 Takasaki 716 Takatsuki 716 Takhar 84 Takoradi 545, 547 Tala 214 Talara 984, 986 Talas 761 Talca 316 Talcahuano 318, 319 Tallaght 685 Tallahassee 1341, 1383, 1384, 1385 Tallinn 440, 441, 443, 444, 445, 772, 799 Talwara 624 Tam Ky 1491 Tamale 545 Tamana 740 Tamanrasset 95 Tamaulipas 852 Tambacounda 1074 Tâmega 1007 Tamil Nadu 602, 603, 605, 610, 612, 614, Tammisaari 460 Tampa 1340, 1383, 1384, 1385 Tampere 458, 462, 464 Tampico 852, 856 Tamuning 1465 Tamworth 135 Tan An 1491 Tanakpur 645 Tandjilé 310 Tanga 1200, 1202 Tanger see Tangier Tanger Med 879 Tangerang 654 Tangier-Tétouan 877 Tangier 876, 877, 878, 879 Tangshan 324 Tanintharyi 885 Tanjung Beruas 826 Tanjung Pengelih 824 Tanjung Pinang 653 Tanjung Priok 657 Tanjung Selor 653 Tanna 1479 Tanta 423 Tanzania in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 58, 59, 61 Taolagnaro 812 Taoyuan 340, 342 Taraba 938 Tarabulus see Tripoli Taranaki 918, 921 Taranto 702, 705, 707 Tarapacá 316 Tarawa 740, 742 Tarcoola 139 Targovishte 244 Târgu Mureş 1023 Tarija 216, 219 Taro 1111 Tarquinia 709 Tarragona 1140, 1142, 1143, 1147 Tarrasa see Terrassa Tartous 1190, 1192 Tartu 441 Tashauz see Dashoguz Tashkent 1474, 1475, 1477 Taşkizak 1234 Tasman 918, 922 Tasmania 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 133, 135, Tatabánya 585 Tataouine 1226 Tatarstan Tatawin see Tataouine Ta u 1463 Taunggye 885 Tauragė 797 Tauranga 918, 923 Tawau 822, 826 Tawzar see Tozeur Taxila 963 Tay Ninh 1491 Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate 877 Tbilisi 502, 503, 505, 506 Tchibanga 495 Te Wahipounamu 925 Teaneck 1421 Tébessa 95 Tees and Hartlepool 1284 Tegucigalpa 579, 581 Tehran 659, 660, 664, 665 Tekirdağ 1231 Tel Aviv 689, 690, 691, 693, 694, 695 Tela 582 Telč 395 Telde 1143 Telemark 945 Teleorman 1018 Telford and Wrekin 1297 Telšiai 797 Teluk Ewa 826 Teluk Ratai 655 Tema 546, 547 Temburong 239 Temotu 1111 Tempe 1341, 1370 Temuco 316 Tena 418 Tenali 615 Tenerife 1142, 1144, 1147, 1149 Tengiz 1034 Tenkodogo 249 Tennessee 1340, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1364, 1365, Tenughat 626 Teotihuacán 851, 856 Tepic 852 Tequila 856 Teraina 740 Terceira 1007 Terengganu 820, 821, 822 Teresina 231, 236 Terezín 388 Termez 1475 Termiz see Termez Ternate 653 Terneuzen 905 Terni 702 Ternopil 1252 Ternopilska 1252 Terrace 283 Terrassa 1143 Terre Adélie 492, 493 Terre-de-Bas 481 Terre Haute 1394 Terrebonne 294 Teruel 1142 Tessin see Ticino Tete 881 Tetiaroa 486 Tétouan 876, 877, 880 Tetovo 808, 811 Texarkana 1372 Texas 1336, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1362, 1365, Texas City 1447 Teyateyaneng 780 Tezpur 617

54 1566 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Thaba-Tseka 780 Thai Binh 1491 Thai Nguyen 1491 Thailand 40, in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 39, 47, 48, 56, 66, 67, 68, 69 Thakhek 765 Thanaleng 767 Thane 631 Thanesar 622 Thanh Hoa 1491 Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh 1491 Thanjavur 603, 641 The Bottom 915 The European Union s Judicial Cooperation Unit 36 The Hague 902, 905, 907, 909, 911 The Pas 285 The Valley 1319, 1320 Thebes 427 Thesprotia 550 Thessaloniki 550, 555, 556 Thessaly 550 Thiès 1074, 1075 Thika 735 Thimphu 212, 214, 215 Think Tanks 74 9 Thionville 468 Thiruvananthapuram 603, 608, 612, 628, 629 Thompson 283 Thoothukkudi see Tuticorin Thornton 1341 Thousand Oaks 1341, 1374 Thrace 550 Three Kings Islands 918 Thrissur 603 Thu Dau Mot 1491 Thua Thien-Hue 1491 Thunder Bay 276, 290 Thurgau 1182, 1183 Thurgovie see Thurgau Thuringia 514, 543 Thurrock 1297 Tianjin 323, 324, 325, 331 Tiaoyutai Islets 342 Tiaret 95 Tibesti 310 Tibet 322, 323, 324 Tichitt 846 Ticino 1182, 1183, 1187 Tidjikdja 843 Tien Giang 1491 Tierra del Fuego 113, 114 Tiga 491 Tighina 861 Tigoa 1111 Tigre 447 Tijit 635 Tijuana 851, 852 Tikopia 1111 Tikrit 669, 670 Tilarán 365 Tilburg 905, 910 Tillabéri 934 Timbuktu see Tombouctou Timgad 100 Timiş 1018 Timişoara 1018, 1022, 1023 Timor-Leste 4, 652, in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 48, 56, 67, 68, 69 Tin Shui Wai 336 Tindouf 95, 880 Tinetto 709 Tinian 1460 Tino 709 Tinsukia 617 Tipasa 100 Tipaza 95 Tipitapa 930 Tipperary 677 Tipu 204 Tirana 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94 Tirap 616 Tiraspol 861 Tîrgovişte 1018 Tîrgu Jiu 1018 Tîrgu Mureş 1018 Tiris Zemmour 843 Tiruchirapalli 603, 641, 642 Tirunelveli 603, 642 Tirupati 603, 615, 616 Tiruppur 603 Tiruvannamalai 641 Tissemsilt 95 Tivat 975 Tivoli 709 Tiya 449 Tizi-Ouzou 95 Tlacotalpan 856 Tlalnepantla 852 Tlaquepaque 852 Tlaxcala 852 Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl 852 Tlemcen 95 Toamasina 812, 813, 815 Tobago see Trinidad and Tobago Tobruk see Tubruq Tocantins 231 Tochigi 716 Tocumen 968 Tofol 858 Togder 1116 Togo in world organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 Tokaj 589, 591 Tokat 1231 Tokelau 20, 44, 69, 70, Tokmak 761 Tokorozawa 716 Tokushima 716 Tokyo 714, 715, 716, 717, 720, 722, 723, 1361 Toledo (Belize) 204 Toledo (Ohio) 1340, 1430, 1431 Toledo (Spain) 1140, 1142, 1147, 1149 Toliary 812, 815 Tolima 345 Tolna 585 Toluca de Lerdo 852 Tomar 1012 Tombali 568 Tombouctou 831, 834 Toms River 1420 Tonalá 852 Tonawanda 1424 Tønder 403 Tonga in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 67, 69, 70 Tongareva see Penrhyn Tongatapu 1218, 1220 Tongi 182 Tongyeong 756 Tonk 638 Tønsberg 946 Topeka 1341, 1396 Torbay (England) 1297 Torbay (Newfoundland and Labrador) 287 Torfaen 1306 Toribari 214 Torino see Turin Toronto 270, 273, 275, 278, 290, 291, 292 Torrance 1341, 1374 Torrejón de Ardoz 1143 Torreón 852 Tórshavn 403, 404 Tortola 1322, 1323 Toruń 997, 1003 Toscana see Tuscany Toshkent see Tashkent Totness 1164 Totonicapán 560 Tottori 716 Touba 367 Tougué 566 Touk Meas 261 Toukolili 1091 Touliki 1219 Toulon 467, 472 Toulouse 467, 475, 477 Tourcoing 468 Tournai 195, 197, 202 Tours 467 Tower Hamlets 1297 Townsville 143 Towson 1403, 1404 Toyama 716 Toyohashi 716 Toyonaka 716 Toyota 716 Tozeur 1226 Tra Vinh 1491 Trabzon 1231 Tralee 685 Translation Centre for Bodies of the European Union 36 Transnistria 861, 862 Transparency International 79 Transylvania 1017, 1023 Trarza 843 Treasury Islands see Mono Třebíč 395 Treinta y Tres 1469 Trelawny 710 Trelleborg 1174, 1179 Trenčianske Teplice 1104 Trenčín 1101 Trentino-Alto Adige 702 Trento 702 Trenton 1420 Tribal Areas, Federally Administered (Pakistan) 958 Trier 510, 515, 538 Trieste 702, 707 Trikala 550 Trikomo 386 Trincomalee 1150, 1151, 1154, 1155 Trinidad (Bolivia) 216 Trinidad (Cuba) 380 Trinidad (Uruguay) 1469 Trinidad and Tobago in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 Tripoli (Lebanon) 775, 779 Tripoli (Libya) 788, 789, 790, 791, 792 Tripolis 550 Tripura 602, 605, 612, 614, Tristan da Cunha 44, 1318, Trivandrum 640 Trnava 1101 Trogir 375 Trois-Rivières 270, 294 Trollhättan 1174 Tromelin Island 493 Troms Romsa 945 Tromsø 946, 951 Trondheim 946, 951 Troy (Alabama) 1368 Troy (New York) 1424, 1426 Troy (Turkey) 1237 Troyes 468 Trujillo (Peru) 983 Trujillo (Venezuela) 1485 Truro 288, 290 Trutnov 395 Tsévié 1215 Tshwane see Pretoria Tsim Sha Tsui 336 Tsiroanomandidy 812 Tskhinvali 508 Tsodilo 228 Tsu 716 Tsumeb 890 Tuamotu Islands 486

55 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1567 Tuas 1094, 1096 Tubarão 236 Tübingen 526 Tubmanburg 784 Tubruq 789, 790 Tubuai Island 486 Tubuai Manu see Maiao (French Polynesia) Tucson 1340, 1370, 1371 Tucumán 113, 114, 117 Tucupita 1485 Tuen Mun 336 Tuensang 635 Tulagi 1111 Tulcán 417 Tulcea 1018, 1022 Tuli 635 Tulsa 1340, 1432, 1433, 1434 Tumbes 983 Tumkur 603, 627 Tunceli 1231 Tungurahua 418 Tunis 1225, 1226, 1228, 1229 Tunis-Goulette 1228 Tunisia 53, and European organizations 29, 39, 40, 42 in world organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 51, 56, 58, 66, 70, 71, 72 Tunja 345 Tupai 486 Tupelo 1410 Turin 701, 702, 707 Turkey , 29, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 in other organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 48, 51, 52, 55, 66, 67, 69, 73 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 56, 381, 382, 386, 1234 Turkmenabat 1238 Turkmenbashi 1239, 1240 Turkmenistan in world organizations 5, 8, 14, 18, 39, 44, 45, 51, 52, 56, 67, 69 Turks and Caicos Islands 44, 62, 63, 1318, Turku 458, 460, 462, 463, 464 Tuscaloosa 1366, 1368 Tuscany 700, 702, 709 Tuticorin 603, 612, 641 Tutong 239 Tutuila 1463, 1464 Tuusula 458 Tuva 1043 Tuvalu in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 67, 69, 70 Tuxpan 856 Tuxtla Gutiérrez 852 Tuy Hoa 1491 Tuyen Quang 1491 Tuzla 224 Tvøroyri 404 Twickenham 1300 Twin Falls 1389 Tyne and Wear 1297 Tyre 779 Tyresö 1174 Tyrol 161 Tyumen 1043 U Ua Pou 486 Ua Uka 486 Úbeda 1149 Uberlândia 231 Ubon Ratchathani 1209 Ucayali 983 Udaipur 603, 638, 639 Uddevalla 1174 Udham Singh Nagar 644, 645 Udmurtia 1043 Udon Thani 1205 Udupi 627 Ufa 1038 Uganda in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60 Ugep 939 Uíge 105, 108 Uji 723 Ujjain 603, 629, 630 Ujung Pandang 657 UK see United Kingdom Ukraine , 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 in other organizations 8, 14, 18, 44, 45, 47, 48, 52, 65, 66, 73 Ulan Bator 868, 870, 871 Ulan-Ude 1038 Ulithi 858 Ulm 515, 526 Ulsan 751, 755 Ulster 675, 678, 687 Umbria 702, 709 Umeå 1174, 1180 Umm al Qaiwain 1258, 1259 Umm Bab 1014 Umm Qasr 673 Umm Said 1014, 1015 Umm Salal 1014 Umm Salal Mohammad 1014 Umtata 1130 Umuahia 939 Umutara 1045 Umzimkulu 1129 UN see United Nations UN Capital Development Fund 10 UN Children s Fund 10, 12 UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 11 UN Commission on Human Settlements 11 UN Conference on Trade and Development 11, 55 UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders 11 UN Development Fund for Women see UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women UN Development Programme 10, 12, 65 UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 12, 20 1 UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women 13 UN Environment Programme UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 29, 73 4 UN High Commissioner for Human Rights 12 UN High Commissioner for Refugees 11, 12 UN Human Rights Council 12 UN Human Settlements Programme 11 UN Industrial Development Organization 21 UN Institute for Disarmament Research 12 UN Institute for Training and Research 12 UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women see UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute 11, 12 UN Office for Project Services 12 UN Office on Drugs and Crime 11, 12 UN Population Fund 10, 12 UN Programme on HIV/AIDS 12 UN regional economic commissions 5, 62, 65 UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East UN Research Institute for Social Development 12 UN System Staff College 12 UN University UN Volunteers 10 Una 623, 624 UNESCO 12, 20 1 UNHCR 11, 12 UNICEF 10, 12 Union (Grenada) 559 Union (St Vincent) 1055, 1057 Union City 1420, 1421 Union of South American Nations 67 Union Township 1420 United Arab Emirates 53, in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 47, 51, 56, 70, 71, 72 United Kingdom , 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40 in other organizations 14, 18, 43, 48, 52, 55, 58, 63, 64, 66, 67, 69, 73 in UN 4, 5, 8, 20 overseas territories 44, 1274, United Nations 3 26 Economic and Social Council 5 finance 3, 5 General Assembly 3 4 International Court of Justice 5 6 languages 3 membership 3, 7 8 origins and aims 3 related organs 24 6 research and training institutes 12 Secretariat 6 7 Security Council 4 5 specialized agencies Statistics Division 13 structure 3 6 United States of America in world organizations 4, 5, 8, 14, 18, 20, 39, 42, 48, 52, 55, 58, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 73 outlying territories states Unity (Maine) 1402 Unity (South Sudan) 1138 Universal Declaration of Human Rights 8 10 Universal Postal Union 21 Unnao 643 Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization 56 Upington 1127, 1135 Upinniemi 460 Upolu 1058 Upper Austria 161 Upper East region (Ghana) 545 Upper Nile 1138 Upper Volta see Burkina Faso

56 1568 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Upper West region (Ghana) 545 Uppsala 1172, 1173, 1174, 1180 Uqsur see Luxor Ural district (Russia) 1027 Urban Honolulu 1340, 1387, 1388 Urbana 1390, 1392 Urbandale 1394 Urbino 709 Urfa 1231 Urganch see Urgench Urgench 1475 Uri 1181, 1183 Uruapan 852 Uruguay in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 73 Urumqi 323, 324 Uruzgan 84 USA see United States of America Uşak 1231 Ushuaia 113, 114, 115 Ústecký 390 Ustí nad Labem 390 Usulatán 428, 431 Utah 1336, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1357, Utena 797 Utica 1424 Utøya 945 Utrecht 905, 909, 911 Utsunomiya 716 Uttar Pradesh 602, 603, 605, 612, 614, Uttarakhand 602, 605, 612, 614, Uttaranchal see Uttarakhand Uttarpara 645 Uturoa 486 Uusimaa 458 Uvéa Island (New Caledonia) 491 Uvéa Island (Wallis and Futuna) 489 Uxbridge 1299 Uxmal 856 Uyo 939 Uzbekistan in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 39, 44, 45, 51, 52, 56, 67, 69 Uzgen 761 V Vaasa 456, 458, 463 Vacoas-Phoenix 847 Vadakara 628 Vadarevu 615 Vadodara 603, 622 Vaduz 793 Vágoy 403, 404 Vágur 404 Vaitupu 1242 Vakaga 306 Vakinankaratra 812 Valais 1182, 1183 Vâlcea 1018 Valdez 1369 Valdez-Cordova 1368 Valdivia 314, 316 Valduc 471, 1274 Vale of Glamorgan 1306 Valence 468 Valencia (Spain) 1142, 1143, 1146, 1147, 1149 Valencia (Venezuela) 1485, 1488 Valencian Community 1142 Valenciennes 467, 475 Valenzuela 989 Valladolid 1142, 1143, 1147 Valle 579 Valle d Aosta 702, 703 Valle del Cauca 345 Valledupar 345 Vallée du Bandama 367 Vallejo 1341, 1374 Vallendar 538 Valletta 835, 837, 839 Valley Stream 1424 Valparaíso (Chile) 314, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320 Valparaiso (Indiana) 1394 Valsad 621 Valverde 413 Van 1231 Vanadzor 120 Vanasthali 639 Vancouver (British Columbia) 268, 270, 273, 275, 278, 281, 282, 283 Vancouver (Oregon) 1434 Vancouver (Washington) 1341, 1453 Vanimo 974 Vaniyambadi 641 Vantaa 458, 464 Vanua Levu 451, 454 Vanuatu in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 47, 48, 66, 67, 69, 70 Vapi 648 Varanasi 603, 643, 644 Varaždin 371 Varaždinska 371 Varberg 1174, 1180 Vardak 84 Vargas 1485 Värmland 1173 Varna 244, 246, 247 Varsinais-Suomi 458 Vas 585 Vasai 631 Vasai-Virar 603 Vaslui 1018 Västerås 1174 Västerbotten 1173 Västernorrland 1173 Västmanland 1173 Västra Götaland 1173 Vatican City 700, 708, 709, in other organizations 3, 48, 66 Vatovavy Fitovinany 812 Vaud 1182, 1187 Vaughan 290 Vaupés 345 Vava u 1218 Vavuniya 1151, 1154 Växjö 1174 Vechta 534 Veenendaal 905 Vega 951 Vejle 397 Veliko Tarnovo 244 Vella La Vella Islands 1111 Vellore 603 Velsen 905 Veneto 699, 702, 708 Venezia see Venice Venezuela in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 48, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 72, 73 Venice 699, 700, 702, 703, 707, 708, 709 Vénissieux 468 Venlo 905 Ventspils 443, 770, 772, 773, 799 Ventura see Buenaventura Veracruz 852, 856 Veracruz-Llave 852 Veraguas 968 Veraval 621 Vergina 556 Vermillion 1443 Vermont 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, Vernon 281 Veroia 550 Verona 702, 709 Versailles 468, 478 Verviers 197 Vest-Agdar 945 Vestfold 945 Vestmanna 404 Vestmannaeyjar 593 Veszprém 585 Vézelay 478 Vi Thanh 1491 Viborg 402 Vicenza 702, 708 Vichada 345 Vichy 466 Vicksburg 1410 Victoria (Australia) 124, 125, 126, 127, 130, 132, 135, Victoria (British Columbia) 270, 281, 282, 283 Victoria (Malaysia) 822 Victoria (Seychelles) 1086, 1087, 1088 Victoria de Durango 852 Victoria Falls 1506, 1511, 1512 Victorville 1341, 1374 Vidin 244, 246 Vidisha 629 Viedma 113 Vienna 159, 160, 161, 164, 165, 166 Vientiane 765, 767 Vieques 1461 Vietnam 40, in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 47, 48, 57, 67, 68, 69 Vieux Fort 1052, 1054 Vigan 993 Vigo 1143 Vihti 458 Viipuri 457, 1041 Vijayawada 603, 615, 616 Vila Nova de Gaia 1007 Villa Clara 376 Villa Nicolás Romero 852 Villa Nueva 560 Villach 161 Villahermosa 852 Villány 589 Villarrica 314 Villarrobledo 1149 Villavicencio 345 Villeurbanne 468 Villupuram 651 Vilnius 796, 797, 800, 801, 802 Viña del Mar 316 Vineland 1420 Vinh 1491 Vinh Long 1491 Vinh Phuc 1491 Vinh Yen 1491 Vinnytska 1252 Vinnytsya 1252 Virar 631 Virgin Gorda 1322 Virgin Islands (USA) 1340, 1345, 1350, 1361, 1460, Virginia 1335, 1336, 1339, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1362, 1364, Virginia Beach 1340, 1451 Virovitica 371 Virovitičko-Podravska 371 Visakhapatnam 603, 608, 612, 615 Visalia 1341, 1374 Visby 1180 Višegrad 224 Vitebsk 190 Viti Levu 451, 454 Vitória 231 Vitoria-Gasteiz 1142, 1143

57 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX 1569 Vitry-sur-Seine 468 Vizcaya 1142, 1149 Vizianagaram 614, 615 Vlaardingen 905 Vladikavkaz 1042 Vladimir 1036 Vladivostok 1028, 1034 Vlorë 89, 90, 91, 93 Voinjama 784 Vojvodina 1080, 1081, 1085 Volga district (Russia) 1027 Völklingen 524 Volos 550, 555 Volta 545, 548 Volta Redonda 230, 236 Volubilis 876, 880 Volynska 1252 Vorarlberg 161, 795 Vostok 740 Vrancea 1018 Vratsa 244 Vukovar 371 Vukovarsko-Srijemska 371 Vung Tau 1491 Vysočina 390 W Wa (Ghana) 545 Wa (Myanmar) 885 Waadt see Vaud Wabag 974 Wabush City 288 Wachau 165 Waco 1341, 1445, 1447 Wade Hampton 1368 Wadi Adai 955 Wadi al Hayat 789 Wadi Fira 310 Wadi Halfa 1159 Wadi Medani 1158 Waikato 918, 921 Wakayama 716 Wake Island 840, 1340, 1468 Wakra 1014 Waldorf 1403 Wales see also United Kingdom Wallis see Valais Wallis and Futuna 69, 70, 473, 479, Walloon Brabant 197 Waltair 616 Waltham 1406 Waltham Forest 1297 Walvis Bay 890, 893, 1121 Wandsworth 1297 Wangan 342 Wanganui 916, 918 Wanica 1164 Warangal 603, 614, 615, 616 Warap 1138 Wardha 631 Warmińsko-Mazurskie 997 Warnemünde 518 Warren (Michigan) 1341, 1407 Warren (Ohio) 1430 Warrenpoint 1311 Warri 939 Warrington 1297 Warsaw 994, 996, 997, 998, 1001, 1002, 1103, 1004 Warszawa see Warsaw Warwick (Rhode Island) 1438, 1439 Warwickshire 1297 Washington, D.C. 1335, 1338, 1340, 1343, 1345, 1346, 1350, 1361, 1362, , 1404 Washington Island see Teraina Washington State 1340, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1364, 1365, Wasilla 1368 Wasit 670 Waterbury 1341, 1379 Waterford 675, 677, 685 Waterloo (Iowa) 1394 Waterloo (Ontario) 292 Watertown 1442 Waterville 1401, 1402 Watson Lake 300 Wau 1138 Waukegan 1390 Waukesha 1456, 1457 Wausau 1456 Wauwatosa 1456 Waver see Wavre Waverly 1395 Wavre 197 Wayne (Michigan) 1408 Wayne (Nebraska) 1416 Wayne (New Jersey) 1420, 1421 Wazeho 635 Waziristan 958 Weatherford 1434 Weeze 522 Weimar 524, 543 Weipa 132 Weirton 1455 Wele-Nzas 432 Wellington 916, 918, 919, 923, 924, 925 Wels 161 Weno 858 Wenzhou 324 Werchter 203 West African Development Bank 61 West African Economic and Monetary Union 61 2 West Allis 1456, 1457 West Babylon 1424 West Bahr Al Ghazal 1138 West Bank (Palestine) 12, 14, 690, 695, 696, 697, 725, 726 West Bengal 602, 603, 605, 610, 612, 614, West Berkshire 1297 West Coast (New Zealand) 918, 922 West Covina 1341 West Darfur 1158 West Des Moines 1394 West Dunbartonshire 1301 West End 173 West Equatoria 1138 West Falkland Island 1325 West Flanders 197 West Hartford 1379 West Haven 1379 West Island 156 West Jordan 1341, 1448 West Liberty 1456 West Lothian 1301 West Midlands (England) 1297 West New Britain 974 West Palm Beach 1383 West Papua see Papua West region (Iceland) 593 West region (Nepal) 897 West Seneca 1424 West Sepik see Sandaun West Sussex 1297 West Tripura 642 West Valley City 1341, 1448 West Virginia 1340, 1344, 1346, 1362, West Yorkshire 1297 Westbrook 1401, 1402 Westchester 1426 Western Australia 124, 125, 126, 127, 132, 133, 135, Western Cape 1121, 1122, 1125, 1129, Western district (American Samoa) 1463 Western district (Victoria) 150 Western Fjords (Iceland) 593 Western Highlands (Papua New Guinea) 974, 977 Western province (Kenya) 735 Western province (Papua New Guinea) 974, 976 Western province (Rwanda) 1045 Western province (Sierra Leone) 1090 Western province (Solomon Islands) 1111, 1113 Western province (Zambia) 1502 Western region (Ghana) 545, 548 Western region (Uganda) 1247 Western Sahara 58, 876, 877, 880 Western Samoa see Samoa Western Visayas 989 Westfield 1406 Westland 905 Westmeath 675, 677 Westminster (Colorado) 1341, 1377 Westminster (England) 1297 Westmoreland 710 Wetaskiwin 279 Wewak 974 Wexford 675, 677, 687 Weyburn 295 Weymouth 1316 Whangerei 918 Wheeling 1454, 1455 Whitby 290 White Nile (Sudan) 1158 White Plains 1424 Whitehorse 300, 301 Whitewater 1458 WHO 12, 21 3, 55, 65 Whyalla 145 Wichita 1340, 1396, 1397 Wichita Falls 1341, 1445, 1447 Wicklow 677 Wieliczka 1003 Wielkopolskie 997 Wien see Vienna Wies 524 Wiesbaden 515, 533 Wight, Isle of 1297 Wilhelmshaven 518 Willemstad 911, 913 Williamsburg 1452 Willis Island 157 Williston 1135 Wilmington (Delaware) 1380, 1436 Wilmington (North Carolina) 1341, 1426, 1427, 1428 Wiltshire 1297 Wiltz 807 Wimbledon 1296 Wimmera 150 Winchester 1299 Windhoek 890, 892, 893 Windsor (Ontario) 270, 290, 292 Windsor and Maidenhead 1297 Windsor Locks 1379 Windward Islands (French Polynesia) 486 Winnipeg 270, 273, 283, 284, 285, 299 Winona 1409 Winston-Salem 1340, 1426 Winterthur 1182 Wisconsin 1339, 1344, 1346, 1362, 1365, Wismar 524, 536 Witten 537 Wittenberg 510, 524 Wokha 635 Wokingham 1297 Woleai 858 Woleu-Ntem 495

58 1570 PLACE AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INDEX Wolfsburg 515 Wollongong 140, 143 Wolverhampton 1283, 1299 Wonsan 745, 748 Wood Buffalo 278, 279 Woodbridge Bay 412 Woodford 135 Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 79 Woqooyi Galbeed 1115, 1116 Worcester (England) 1299 Worcester (Massachusetts) 1341, 1405, 1406 Worcestershire 1297 World Bank 10, 12, 14 15, 55, 69 World Council of Churches 56 7 World Customs Organization 57 World Federation of Trade Unions 57 World Food Programme 11, 12 World Health Organization 12, 21 3, 55, 65 World Intellectual Property Organization 23 4 World Meteorological Organization 24 World Tourism Organization 24 World Trade Organization 25, 29 World Wide Fund for Nature 57 8 Worlitz 524 Worodougou 367 Wrangal Island 1036 Wrexham 1295, 1306, 1308 Wrocław 997, 998, 1002, 1003 WTO 25, 29 Wu Kai Sha 336 Wudam 954 Wuhan 323, 324, 331 Wulumuqi see Urumqi Wuppertal 515, 537 Würzburg 515, 524, 528 Wuxi 324 WWF 57 8 Wylfa 1278 Wyoming 1340, 1344, 1346, 1364, X Xai-Xai 881 Xaisomboun 765 Xalapa-Enríquez 852 Xam Neua 765 Xanadu 332 Xanthi 550 Xanthos-Letoon 1237 Xiamen 330 Xian 323, 324, 331 Xico 852 Xieng Khouang 765 Xining 323 Xinjiang 326, 329, 332 Xinjiang Uighur 323 Xochimilco 856 Xuddur 1115 Y Yakima 1453 Yakushima 723 Yakutsk 1042 Yalova 1231 Yamagata 716 Yamaguchi 716 Yamalo-Nenets 1043 Yamanashi 716 Yambio 1138 Yambol 244 Yamoussoukro 366, 367 Yamunanagar 603, 622 Yanam 650 Yanbu 1071, 1072 Yandina 1113 Yangdong 756 Yanggang 745 Yangon 885, 886, 887, 888 Yangyang 755 Yao 716 Yaoundé 262, 263, 265, 266 Yap 858, 860 Yaracuy 1485 Yaren 894 Yarmouth 288, 290 Yaroslavl 1036 Yasuj 660 Yavatmal 631 Yazd 660 Yei 1138 Yellowknife 297, 298, 299 Yemen in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 48, 51, 56, 66, 70, 71, 72 Yen Bai 1491 Yenagoa 939 Yeosu 755 Yerevan 119, 120, 121, 122 Yevreyskaya (Jewish) Autonomous Province 1043 Yinchuan 323 Ylöjärvi 458 Yobe 939 Yogyakarta 653, 657 Yokkaichi 716 Yokohama 716, 722 Yokosuka 716, 719 Yola 938 Yongbyon 747 Yongin 751 Yonkers 1341, 1424 Yopal 345 York (England) 1289, 1294, 1295, 1296, 1297, 1299 York (Ontario) 290, 292 Yorkshire and the Humber 1297 Yorkton 295 Yoro 579 Yoshkar-Ola 1041 Youngstown 1430, 1431 Yozgat 1231 Ypres 195 Yucatán 851, 852, 856 Yuen Long 336 Yukon 268, 270, 271, 276, 279, Yungang 332 Yunlin 340 Yunnan 323, 329, 332 Yuzhny 1256 Z Zaanstad 905 Zabbar 835 Zabid 1500 Zabrze 997 Zabul 84 Zacapa 560 Zacatecas 852, 856 Zacatecoluca 428, 431 Zachodniopomorskie 997 Zadar 371, 374, 375 Zadarska 371 Zagazig 423 Zaghouan 1226 Zagreb 371, 373, 374, 375 Zagrebačka 371 Zahedan 660 Zahlé 775 Zaire (Angola) 105 Zaïre see Congo, Democratic Republic of Zakarpatska 1252 Zala 585, 589 Zalaegerszeg 585 Zalău 1018 Zalingei (Sudan) 1158 Zambézia 881 Zambia in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 58, 59, 61 Zamboanga 989, 992 Zambujeria do Mar 1012 Zamfara 939, 942 Zamora (Ecuador) 418 Zamora (Spain) 1142 Zamora-Chinchipe 418 Zamość 1003 Zanjan 367 Zante 550 Zanzan 660 Zanzibar 8, 1199, 1200, 1201, 1202 Zapopan 852 Zaporizhska 1252 Zaporizhzhya 1252 Zaragoza 1142, 1143, 1147 Zarasai 802 Zaria 939, 942 Zarqa 725, 726 Zayed 1262 Zdar nad Sazavou 395 Zealand 905 Zeebrugge 199 Zeeland 397 Zeist 905 Zelená Hora 395 Zelenogradsk 801 Zemun 1082 Zenica 221 Zhambyl 730 Zhejiang 323 Zhengzhou 323, 324 Zhuhai 330, 336, 339 Zhytomyr 1252 Zhytomyrska 1252 Zibo 324 Ziguinchor 1074, 1075, 1077 Žilina 1101 Zimbabwe in world organizations 8, 14, 18, 43, 48, 58, 59, 61 Zinder 934, 936 Ziniaré 249 Zizya 728 Zlín 390 Zlínský 390 Zoetermeer 905 Zomba 816 Zonguldak 1231 Zou 208 Zouérate 843, 845 Zrenjanin 1080 Zug 1181, 1182, 1183 Zuid-Holland 905 Zulia 1485 Zunheboto 635 Zürich 1181, 1182, 1185, 1186, 1187 Zuwarah 789 Zwedru 784 Zwolle 905

59 I nte rnatio na l Historical Statistics The InternationaL HistoricaL Statistics is a peerless collection of statistical data from around the world, covering a wide range of socio-economic topics. The collection not only includes data on the Americas and Europe, but also hard-to-find data on Africa, Asia and Oceania. What's exciting about International Historical Statistics? I ~ ~ 490 tables, 211 countries and territories ~ Tables updated to include 2010 data, where available ~ Excel format compatible with econometrics tools, with footnotes included on each table file (epdf and Excel) ~ Sources and method of collation are consistent, making it possible to compare tables from across volumes ~ Difficult-to-source data on countries whose borders have changed (e.g. Czechoslovakia and India) ~ Unique historical data for Africa, Asia and Oceania, ranging from 1750 to This data is not available anywhere else in this breadth and depth ~ Editable Excel files with the ability to remove sections and merge tables from the other volumes and regions ~ All the hard work of pulling data from various sources into one place is already done! All sources have been verified and are listed University Student Numbers in Europe Coffee Output in South America - ~- :::J ci ci C. Turn over to see explanation from The Statesman's Yearbook on why these changes have taken place ~ l l i.' I i i i.i -- i International Historical Statistics is available as a one-off purchase. Prices are calculated according to the size and type of the institution. Please contact our Online Sales Team for a quote, to set up a free trial or for more information. UK and Rest of World: I Australia: Indian subcontinent: I Mainland China: North America and Latin America:

60 THE STATESMAN'S YEARBOOK ONLINE, IN PRINT AND INDISPENSABLE The Statesman's Yearbook features extensive updated profiles on every country in the world. Each profile includes a concise geographic, historical, economic, political, social and cultural overview of the country together with essential statistics. It includes: Detailed maps of all 194 countries Biographical profiles of all current leaders Economic overviews for every country Over 1,700 links to key national websites Our complete archive from a unique insight into a changing world At a time when opinion and propaganda can be overwhelming, The Statesman's Yearbook remains the first point of reference for reliable, concise information on any country in the world. Features on our website include: Chronologies including a week by week summary of world events and a special feature on the Olympic Games L ~~/..: I C!::'. Top SO think tanks -----e ~ : ; J -. '";+w S Focus: an extract from one of our :O(LI"- scholarly II "- titles with content analysis City profile: series of quarterly, in-depth city profiles I.Oa 51,'" ~ Fact sheets on topics including World Population Development and Largest Urban Agglomerations, Migration, News Media, Crime and Health ~, Spotlight: where our... ) ~ editor Dr Barry Turner focuses on a pivotal event in history and its relevance today L Editorial commentary on topics ranging from the current state of print and online media to lessons from history and the fallibility of experts The Comparison Tool allows you to compare a range of data fields including summary statistics, economy, key historical events and much more - for as many countries as you like Find out more at

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