netw rks Reading Essentials and Study Guide Industrialization and Nationalism Lesson 4 Nation Building in Latin America

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "netw rks Reading Essentials and Study Guide Industrialization and Nationalism Lesson 4 Nation Building in Latin America"

Transcription

1 and Study Guide Lesson 4 Nation Building in Latin America ESSENTIAL QUESTION How can innovation affect ways of life? How does revolution bring about political and economic change? Reading HELPDESK Content Vocabulary creole a person of European descent born in the New World and living there permanently peninsulare a person born on the Iberian Peninsula; typically, a Spanish or Portuguese official who resided temporarily in Latin America for political and economic gain and then returned to Europe mestizo a person of mixed European and native American Indian descent caudillo in post-revolutionary Latin America, a strong leader who ruled chiefly by military force, usually with the support of the landed elite cash crop a crop that is grown for sale rather than for personal use Academic Vocabulary intervention involvement in a situation to alter the outcome erupt to suddenly become active or violent

2 TAKING NOTES: Categorizing ACTIVITY Use a graphic organizer like this one to record places where revolts occurred and the leaders and the outcomes. Add rows as needed. Place Leader Outcome IT MATTERS BECAUSE The success of the American Revolution and the ideals of the French Revolution influenced Latin America. One by one, the Portuguese and Spanish colonies rebelled against foreign rule and won independence. The new republics soon learned that political independence was achieved more easily than political stability. Nationalist Revolts GUIDING QUESTION How were nationalist revolts in Latin America influenced by the French and American Revolutions? The success of the American Revolution served as a real-life model of new political ideals. By the end of the eighteenth century, these ideals began to influence the creole elites. Creoles were descendants of Europeans who permanently settled in Latin America. They controlled land and business. The principles of equality of all people in the eyes of the law, free trade, and a free press attracted creoles. They especially disliked Spain s and Portugal s control of trade. The creole elites soon began to use the new political ideas to denounce the rule of the monarchs and their peninsulares. (Peninsulares were Spanish and Portuguese officials who usually lived for a short time in Latin America to seek political and economic gains.) The creole elites resented the peninsulares, who dominated Latin America and drained the region of its wealth. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Napoleon s wars gave the creoles an opportunity to make a change. Napoleon overthrew the monarchies of Spain and Portugal. As a result, the authority of the Spaniards and Portuguese in their colonial empires was weakened. Then, between 1807 and 1825, a series of revolts allowed most of Latin America to become independent.

3 Revolt in Haiti Before the main independence movements, the island of Hispaniola experienced an unusual revolt in Saint Domingue. Saint Domingue was a French sugar colony that ran on the labor of enslaved people. François-Dominique Toussaint-Louverture (too SAN loo VUHR tyur) led more than 100,000 enslaved people in revolt. They seized control of all of Hispaniola. On January 1, 1804, the western part of Hispaniola became the first independent state in Latin America. It is now called Haiti. Revolt in Mexico A revolt in Mexico began in Miguel Hidalgo, a parish priest, was the first real hero of Mexican independence. He lived in a village about 100 miles (160 km) from Mexico City. Hidalgo had studied the French Revolution. He used what he learned to rouse the local Native Americans and mestizos, people of mixed European and Native American descent. Hidalgo urged these people to free themselves from the Spanish, whom he portrayed as thieves of land and liberty. The Native Americans and mestizos listened. Thousands of Native Americans and mestizos joined Hidalgo in revolt. On September 16, 1810, he led this ill-equipped army in an attack against the Spaniards. His forces were soon crushed. A military court sentenced Hidalgo to death. However, his memory lives on even today. In fact, September 16, the first day of the uprising, is Mexico s Independence Day. The creoles and the peninsulares were frightened of the role of Native Americans and mestizos in the revolt against Spanish rule. They feared the masses. As a result, the creoles cooperated with the Spanish to defeat the revolutionary forces. Both creoles and peninsulares then decided to overthrow Spanish rule. As conservative elites, they wanted an independent nation ruled by a monarch, not a republic. They chose a creole military leader Agustín de Iturbide (ee tur BEE thay) to establish a new government. In 1821 Mexico declared its independence from Spain. Iturbide named himself emperor in By 1823, he was deposed, or removed from power. Mexico then became a republic. Revolts in South America José de San Martín of Argentina and Simón Bolívar of Venezuela are called the Liberators of South America. Both came from the creole elites. Bolívar began to struggle for Venezuelan independence in He also led revolts in New Granada (Colombia) and Ecuador. These countries had formed Gran Colombia by The forces of San Martín liberated Argentina from Spanish rule in San Martín planned to attack the Spanish in Chile. To do so, he and his forces had to cross the Andes Mountains. In January 1817, they began the difficult journey across mountain passes more than two miles (3.2 km) above sea level. It was an amazing feat. Two-thirds of the pack mules and horses died during the trip. Soldiers suffered from lack of oxygen and severe cold. The arrival of San Martín s forces in Chile completely surprised the Spanish. Spanish forces were badly defeated at the Battle of Chacabuco on February 12, Chile declared its independence in In 1821 San Martín advanced on Lima, Peru, which was the center of Spanish authority. San Martín was convinced he needed help to free Peru. So, he welcomed

4 the assistance of Simón Bolívar and his forces. Bolívar, the Liberator of Venezuela, crushed the last significant Spanish army at Ayacucho, a city in southcentral Peru, on December 9, By the end of 1824, Peru, Uruguay, Paraguay, Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile were all free from Spain. Two years earlier, in 1822, the prince regent of Brazil declared Brazil s independence from Portugal. The Central American states gained independence in In 1838 and 1839, they divided into five republics: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. Threats to Independence In the early 1820s, one major threat remained to the newly won independence of the Latin American states. Members of the Concert of Europe wanted to use troops to restore Spanish control of the Latin American states. The British disagreed with other Concert members because they wished to trade with Latin America. So, the British proposed working together with the United States against any European moves against Latin America. James Monroe, the president of the United States, was distrustful of the British. So, he acted alone in In the Monroe Doctrine, he declared that the Americas were closed to any new attempt at colonization. He strongly warned against any European intervention in the Americas. The British navy, however, was more important to Latin American independence than American words. Other European states feared the power of the British navy, which stood between Latin America and any planned European invasion. PROGRESS CHECK Comparing What do Hidalgo, José de San Martín, and Simón Bolívar have in common? Nation Building GUIDING QUESTION What difficulties did newly independent Latin American countries face? How did economic dependence on foreign investment influence Latin America through the mid-1800s? The new Latin American nations faced a number of serious problems between 1830 and The wars for independence resulted in staggering loss of people, property, and livestock. During the course of the nineteenth century, the economies of the new Latin American nations became dependent on Western nations again. Rule of the Caudillos and Inequality Most new nations in Latin America began with republican governments, but they had no experience in self-rule. Soon after independence, strong leaders known as caudillos gained power. Caudillos ruled chiefly by military force, and they were usually supported by the landowning elites. Many kept the new national states together. Some were also

5 modernizers who built roads and canals, ports, and schools. Others were destructive. Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna, who ruled Mexico from 1833 to 1855, was one of the destructive caudillos. As a ruler, he misused state funds, stopped reforms, and created chaos, or disorder. In 1835 Texas was a Mexican state under Santa Anna s rule. American settlers there revolted, and Texas gained its independence from Mexico in It became part of the United States in War between Mexico and the United States soon followed ( ). Mexico was defeated and lost almost one-half of its territory to the United States. A period of reform ( ) followed Santa Anna s disastrous rule. Benito Juárez, a Mexican national hero, dominated this era. President Juárez was the son of Native American peasants. He brought liberal reforms to Mexico. These reforms included separation of church and state, land distribution to the poor, and an educational system for all of Mexico. Other caudillos, such as Juan Manuel de Rosas in Argentina, had the support of the people. These caudillos became extremely popular. Many introduced radical change. Unfortunately, the caudillo s authority depended on his personal power. When a caudillo died or lost power, civil wars for control of the country often erupted. The new Latin American nations shared another basic problem. Landed elites, members of the upper class who owned land, dominated society. Large estates remained common in Latin America. For example, in 1848 the Sánchez Navarro family in Mexico owned 17 estates. These covered 16 million acres (6,480,000 ha) of land. Land remained the basis of wealth, social prestige, and political power throughout the nineteenth century. Landed elites ran governments, controlled courts, and kept a system of inexpensive labor. Landowners made huge profits. They would grow single cash crops, such as coffee. Then they would export the crops. Most of the people in Latin America had no land. They could not even grow crops to feed themselves. Dire poverty of the masses resulted. Imperialism and Economic Dependence Political independence from European rule allowed new nations to take control of their own economies. However, old patterns of dependence were quickly reestablished. Before the revolutions, Spain and Portugal controlled the Latin American economy. Great Britain now took the lead. British merchants moved into Latin America, and British investors poured in funds. Old trade relationships soon reemerged. Latin America was a source of raw materials and foodstuffs for the industrial nations of Europe and the United States. Latin America exported wheat, tobacco, wool, sugar, coffee, and hides. At the same time, they imported finished consumer goods, especially textiles. Latin American countries had limited industry. The Latin American economy was dominated by foreigners. Latin American countries exported raw materials to foreign countries and imported finished products from them. Even though they had political independence, the economies of Latin America nations depended heavily on Western nations.

6 PROGRESS CHECK Identifying Central Issues Why did Latin American countries continue to experience economic dependence after achieving political independence?

Content Statement: Explain how Enlightenment ideals influenced the French Revolution and Latin American wars for independence.

Content Statement: Explain how Enlightenment ideals influenced the French Revolution and Latin American wars for independence. Reforms, Revolutions, and Chapter War 9.3 Section 3 Independence in Latin America Content Statement: Explain how Enlightenment ideals influenced the French Revolution and Latin American wars for independence.

More information

Latin American Revolutions of the early 1800s

Latin American Revolutions of the early 1800s Latin American Revolutions of the early 1800s I. Background The Spanish/Portuguese Colonial System A. The Roles of Colonies fulfillment of mercantilism for Spain and Portugal 1. Plantation Agriculture

More information

Wars of Independence in the Caribbean and Latin America

Wars of Independence in the Caribbean and Latin America Wars of Independence in the Caribbean and Latin America Colonial Latin America: Politics and Economy -Spain and Portugal: kings rule as absolute monarchs -In Spanish colonies in the New World, the Viceroy

More information

1810 to Because of course there are more revolutions. LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS

1810 to Because of course there are more revolutions. LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS 1810 to 1850. Because of course there are more revolutions. LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS Remember the caste system in Latin America? It s important. BACKGROUND TO REVOLUTION BACKGROUND: COLONIAL SYSTEM I.

More information

With a partner, discuss what you already know about Cuba. Include the government, economy, freedoms, etc.

With a partner, discuss what you already know about Cuba. Include the government, economy, freedoms, etc. With a partner, discuss what you already know about Cuba. Include the government, economy, freedoms, etc. In this lesson, we are going to examine a specific event that has had a lasting affect on the country

More information

Fieldwork Dates AmericasBarometer

Fieldwork Dates AmericasBarometer Fieldwork Dates AmericasBarometer 2004-2014 This document contains information regarding fieldwork s for the AmericasBarometer project, 2004-2014. Some information may be incomplete and we will up the

More information

Central America and the Caribbean. The Link Between North and South America

Central America and the Caribbean. The Link Between North and South America Central America and the Caribbean The Link Between North and South America Today, the combined population of Central American countries is over 40 million larger than all of Canada. Combined, the 7 nations

More information

1st Period Mr. Chavira WORLD GEOGRAPHY. Hector Rodriguez

1st Period Mr. Chavira WORLD GEOGRAPHY. Hector Rodriguez 1st Period Mr. Chavira WORLD GEOGRAPHY Hector Rodriguez P a g e 1 Table of Contents Latin America Page 2 o Maps Economic Map Page 3 Political Map Page 4 Population Map Page 5 Physical Page 6 o Notes Physical

More information

The Cuban Revolution and Guerrilla Movement in Mexico

The Cuban Revolution and Guerrilla Movement in Mexico Warm up 1) Who lead Mexico to independence? 2) What as Simon Bolivar's nick name? What countries did Bolivar lead to independence? 3) I was an ex-slave who lead Haiti to independence, Who am I? 4) Which

More information

LATIN AMERICA. Mexico Central America Caribbean Islands South America

LATIN AMERICA. Mexico Central America Caribbean Islands South America LATIN AMERICA Mexico Central America Caribbean Islands South America HISTORY First Settlers Hunters/gatherers from Asia crossed land bridge connecting Asia and Alaska Learned to farm over time Maize (corn)

More information

South America. A Brief History of its Regions

South America. A Brief History of its Regions South America A Brief History of its Regions Brazil After Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492, Spain feared its powerful rival, Portugal would try to start a far-too-bloody fight over the new land.

More information

Mexico. Chapter 10. Chapter 10, Section

Mexico. Chapter 10. Chapter 10, Section Chapter 10, Section World Geography Chapter 10 Mexico Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 10, Section World Geography

More information

Chapter 10 Section 1. Mexico

Chapter 10 Section 1. Mexico Chapter 10 Section 1 Mexico Spanish Conquest 1519 Hernando Cortés arrives; marched to the Aztec city, Tenochtitlan Mexico City Native way of life destroyed; 1521 the Aztecs are conquered Mexico becomes

More information

Unit 5: Latin America Today

Unit 5: Latin America Today Unit 5: Latin America Today In this unit, you will turn your attention to Latin America. You will study the geography of some Latin American countries. You will learn about their history, politics, revolutions,

More information

Annex Multilateral Conventions 1. SUBJECT Where and When Signed Multilateral Organization Vienna Convention on Vienna, April 24, 1963

Annex Multilateral Conventions 1. SUBJECT Where and When Signed Multilateral Organization Vienna Convention on Vienna, April 24, 1963 Annex 3 MULTILATERAL AND BILATERAL JUDICIAL COOPERATION INSTRUMENTS SIGNED BY COLOMBIA (Special Reference to Latin American Countries, Spain and Portugal) 1. Multilateral Conventions 1 SUBJECT Where and

More information

LAST TIME Peopling of the Americas. Central American and South American Pre-Columbian Societies

LAST TIME Peopling of the Americas. Central American and South American Pre-Columbian Societies LAST TIME Peopling of the Americas Central American and South American Pre-Columbian Societies TODAY Spanish colonialism Development and colonial Latin America Political Independence Neo-colonial (post

More information

Comprehension Questions:

Comprehension Questions: Unit 3: Central & South america Comprehension Questions: 1. What is the driest desert on earth? Atacama Desert 2. What two water routes were discovered in the 1500s to get around the tip of South America?

More information

The Age of European Expansion

The Age of European Expansion The Age of European Expansion 1580-1760 Spanish and Portuguese America 1581-1640 1. The Viceroyalty of New Spain was first established in 1535 by King Charles I 1 2. The 15 Captaincies of Brazil were first

More information

Friday, November 10, 2017

Friday, November 10, 2017 Friday, November 10, 2017 Human Geography of the Andes and Midlatitude Countries Language Objective: Analyze the demographic information from the Andean region of South America. Finish Geography Now activity

More information

Remember from last class...

Remember from last class... The Onset of War! Remember from last class... The republic lasted for nearly 500 years and this period marked major expansion of Roman power. During this time, Rome became the leading power in the Mediterranean.

More information

Chapter 3. The Loss of Azlan

Chapter 3. The Loss of Azlan Chapter 3 The Loss of Azlan Objective: Students will be able to identify key events during the fight for Mexican Independence, and identify key people that helped in the fight for Independence. DO NOW:

More information

The Spanish-American War

The Spanish-American War Warm-Up 1. List three reasons why the United States desired to become an Imperial Power. 2. What are the costs of Imperialism? 3. How did we convince Japan to trade with us in the 1850s? 4. What is the

More information

Inter-American Defense College

Inter-American Defense College http://www.jid.org/iadc.php Inter-American Defense College Inter-American Defense College Building Confidence & Security Since 1962 A Confidence & Security Building Measure Inter-American Defense College

More information

Part 1: Physical Geography

Part 1: Physical Geography Part 1: Physical Geography Highlands Lowlands Wide range in elevation creates diverse climate zones in the region A mountain chain stretches along the western edge of the American continents for more

More information

North Africa. Chapter 25. Chapter 25, Section

North Africa. Chapter 25. Chapter 25, Section Chapter 25, Section World Geography Chapter 25 North Africa Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 25, Section World

More information

SOME BASIC INFORMATION ON HAITI (REPUBLIQUE D HAITI)

SOME BASIC INFORMATION ON HAITI (REPUBLIQUE D HAITI) SOME BASIC INFORMATION ON HAITI (REPUBLIQUE D HAITI) Location: Haiti is the western third of the island of Hispaniola, bordering the Dominican Republic on the east. It is separated by the Windward Passage

More information

Geography of CA and CI

Geography of CA and CI Geography of CA and CI Caribbean Islands Central America -Central America (CA) is an isthmus connecting North America to South America. It consists of 7 countries. -The Pacific side of CA is covered by

More information

Colombia: An Upcoming Emerging Market for International Investors April 2012

Colombia: An Upcoming Emerging Market for International Investors April 2012 Colombia: An Upcoming Emerging Market for International Investors April 2012 Proexport is the organization within the Colombian Government responsible for the promotion of International Tourism, Foreign

More information

Chapter 12 Manifest Destiny ( ) Section 3 War With Mexico

Chapter 12 Manifest Destiny ( ) Section 3 War With Mexico Assess your agreement with the following statement: The United States government acted morally in its acquisition of the land of the present-day continental United States. A. Strongly agree B. Somewhat

More information

CHAPTER Latin America. Regional Atlas Study Guide. 2 Chapter A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Vocabulary

CHAPTER Latin America. Regional Atlas Study Guide. 2 Chapter A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Vocabulary CHAPTER 28 9 Many Th ew inventions new Regional Atlas Study Guide Latin America Directions: As you work through the Regional Atlas, complete the chart below by writing two details about each Latin American

More information

2. The most important crop in Mexico. 3. The Priest who spoke against Spain. 5. Ancient Aztec city, now Mexico City

2. The most important crop in Mexico. 3. The Priest who spoke against Spain. 5. Ancient Aztec city, now Mexico City Name: Date: Did you hear about what happened at the laundromat last night? Three clothespins held up two shirts! Clues are listed below. Print the word that matches the clue on the blank line by the clue.

More information

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO OAS' FUNDS BY DONOR Members: 2006 Prior Years FEMCIDI OAS Specific Funds Trust for the Americas Antigua & Barbuda $ 7,450 $ - $ 6,988 $ - $ - $ 14,438 Argentina

More information

6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography

6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography 6th Grade Western Hemisphere Geography Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1 Latin America is located in the A Northern Hemisphere. C Western

More information

Mrs. Davis s Adventures

Mrs. Davis s Adventures Mrs. Davis s Adventures Latin America Countries & Political Map NAME: DATE: PERIOD: DIRECTIONS: Use your mapping skills and textbook pages: 127, 97, and 3 to complete Mrs. Davis s Story. Transfer the countries

More information

Chapter 10. America Claims An Empire

Chapter 10. America Claims An Empire Chapter 10 America Claims An Empire Chapter 10 Vocabulary 1. Queen Liliuokalani 2. Imperialism* 3. Alfred T. Mahan 4. William Seward 5. Pearl Harbor* 6. Sanford B. Dole 7. Jose Marti 8. Valeriano Weyler

More information

THINGS TO REMEMBER CARIBBEAN STUDIES

THINGS TO REMEMBER CARIBBEAN STUDIES PREMIER CURRICULUM SERIES Based on the Sunshine State Standards for Secondary Education, established by the State of Florida, Department of Education THINGS TO REMEMBER CARIBBEAN STUDIES Copyright 2009

More information

Incorporating Information Literacy In Ibero-American University Libraries: Comparative Analysis of the Information from their Websites

Incorporating Information Literacy In Ibero-American University Libraries: Comparative Analysis of the Information from their Websites Incorporating Information Literacy In Ibero-American University Libraries: Comparative Analysis of the Information from their Websites Alejandro Uribe Tirado Professor-Researcher Escuela Interamericana

More information

Egyptian Civilization. World History Maria E. Ortiz Castillo

Egyptian Civilization. World History Maria E. Ortiz Castillo Egyptian Civilization World History Maria E. Ortiz Castillo Egypt 5000 B.C. Villages with its own rituals, gods and chieftain 3200 B.C. Two Kingdoms Lower Egypt Upper Egypt 3000 B.C. Unification of Egypt

More information

MGH Institute of Health Professions March 15, 2010

MGH Institute of Health Professions March 15, 2010 Katie Seamon, Nixon Cornay, Sigrid Bergenstein, Leila Hepp, and special guest Marie Germaine Cornay MGH Institute of Health Professions March 15, 2010 Haiti was the first black republic in the world, established

More information

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Colima, Mexico Tel: +52 (312) 316-2028 Fax: +52 (312) 316-2034 E-mail: sefome@col.gob.mx Infrastructure Colima's modern and well-developed infrastructure

More information

Latin America. Physical Geography

Latin America. Physical Geography Latin America Physical Geography Regions Latin America can be divided into separate regions based on physical geography or cultural geography. Regions If we look at physical geography Latin America has

More information

Cuba gained its independence from Spain in 1898.

Cuba gained its independence from Spain in 1898. The Where is Cuba? Cuba gained its independence from Spain in 1898. In the 1900s, Cuba s wealth was controlled by American companies. The main businesses in Cuba were sugar and mining companies. The leader

More information

4/29/14. Video: Haiti s Indigenous People. Haiti this place just can t seem to get a. https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=pmh53kxkj14 29 minutes

4/29/14. Video: Haiti s Indigenous People. Haiti this place just can t seem to get a. https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=pmh53kxkj14 29 minutes Video: Haiti s Indigenous People Haiti this place just can t seem to get a break v=pmh53kxkj14 29 minutes Flag of Haiti Where is Haiti? I m the map Pre-Columbus Est. 500,000 Arawaks on the island Generally

More information

Localizing games for the Spanish Speaking World! Martina Santoro Okam Game Studio, Argentina Alejandro Gonzalez Brainz, Colombia

Localizing games for the Spanish Speaking World! Martina Santoro Okam Game Studio, Argentina Alejandro Gonzalez Brainz, Colombia Localizing games for the Spanish Speaking World! Martina Santoro Okam Game Studio, Argentina Alejandro Gonzalez Brainz, Colombia What you will hear in the next 22 mins. Introduction to Latin America How

More information

Geographic Qualities of South America

Geographic Qualities of South America Geographic Qualities of South America 1. South America is the fourth largest continent in area. It is located in the Western Hemisphere, lying southwest of North America. Most of South America lies in

More information

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9)

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,

More information

There are two countries in the Iberian Peninsula: Spain and Portugal. The name of the peninsula comes from the first inhabitants, the Iberians.

There are two countries in the Iberian Peninsula: Spain and Portugal. The name of the peninsula comes from the first inhabitants, the Iberians. Spain There are two countries in the Iberian Peninsula: Spain and Portugal. The name of the peninsula comes from the first inhabitants, the Iberians. After them, the peninsula was invaded by the Celts,

More information

World Civilizations. The Global Experience. Chapter. Early Latin America. AP Seventh Edition

World Civilizations. The Global Experience. Chapter. Early Latin America. AP Seventh Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience AP Seventh Edition Chapter 19 Early Latin America Figure 19.1 By the end of the 17th century, a society that fused Hispanic culture and indigenous elements had

More information

student. They should complete the

student. They should complete the Standards SS6H3 The student will analyze important 20th century issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. a. Explain the impact of the Cuban Revolution. Teachers Print off the following page for each

More information

UN-GGIM:Americas. UN-GGIM Expanded Bureau Meeting 7-9 December 2016, UN Headquarters New York. Rolando Ocampo President of UN-GGIM:Americas

UN-GGIM:Americas. UN-GGIM Expanded Bureau Meeting 7-9 December 2016, UN Headquarters New York. Rolando Ocampo President of UN-GGIM:Americas UN-GGIM:Americas UN-GGIM Expanded Bureau Meeting 7-9 December 2016, UN Headquarters New York Rolando Ocampo President of UN-GGIM:Americas Antigua and Barbuda 38 Member States Argentina Bahamas Belize Bolivia

More information

How Spain Colonized Texas

How Spain Colonized Texas How Spain Colonized Texas Brief History 1492 Columbus came to America Spaniards came to explore American mainland 1500s Spanish explorers Cabeza de Vaca and Coronado reinforced Spanish claim to Texas Friars

More information

TRAVEL WITH US ON A JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY

TRAVEL WITH US ON A JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY TRAVEL WITH US ON A JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY YOU RE INVITED Sponsors and non-sponsors alike are invited to travel with us to meet their sponsored friends or simply experience the beauty and inspiration of

More information

Regional Director Latin America and Caribbean

Regional Director Latin America and Caribbean U.S. GRAINS COUNCIL Around the world; Around the clock Kurt Shultz Regional Director Latin America and Caribbean Leveraged Funding Non-Cash $7.8 Million Member Cash $5.2 Million FAS Funds $14.8 Million

More information

International economic context and regional impact

International economic context and regional impact Contents I. GDP growth trends in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2012 II. Regional performance in 2012: Inflation, employment and wages External sector Policies: Fiscal and Monetary III. Conclusions

More information

Fulgencio Batista was the president of Cuba form 1933 to 1944, and after overthrowing the government, becomes the dictator of Cuba from 1952 to 1959.

Fulgencio Batista was the president of Cuba form 1933 to 1944, and after overthrowing the government, becomes the dictator of Cuba from 1952 to 1959. The Where is Cuba? Fulgencio Batista was the president of Cuba form 1933 to 1944, and after overthrowing the government, becomes the dictator of Cuba from 1952 to 1959. Batista was a corrupt and repressive

More information

Regional Activities. 25 June Carlos Vogeler Director Executive Secretary for Members Relations and Regional Director for the Americas UNWTO

Regional Activities. 25 June Carlos Vogeler Director Executive Secretary for Members Relations and Regional Director for the Americas UNWTO Regional Activities 25 June 214 Carlos Vogeler Director Executive Secretary for Members Relations and Regional Director for the Americas UNWTO UNWTO documents distributed 1. UNWTO Tourism Highlights (214

More information

EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROLInfluenza A(H1N1)v

EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROLInfluenza A(H1N1)v Table 1: Reported new confirmed cases and cumulative number of influenza A(H1N1)v and cumulative deaths among confirmed cases by country as of August, 1: hours (CEST) in the EU and EFTA countries Confirmed

More information

Preliminary Inventory of the Yearbook on International Communist Affairs Collection,

Preliminary Inventory of the Yearbook on International Communist Affairs Collection, http://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf4h4nb02b No online items Preliminary Inventory of the Yearbook on International Communist Affairs Collection, 1966-1991 Processed by The Hoover Institution staff;

More information

COUNTRY DATA: Cuba : Information from the CIA World Factbook

COUNTRY DATA: Cuba : Information from the CIA World Factbook COUNTRY DATA: Cuba : Information from the CIA World Factbook INTRODUCTION The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in

More information

LATIN AMERICA. Mexico, Central America and South America

LATIN AMERICA. Mexico, Central America and South America LATIN AMERICA Mexico, Central America and South America Physical Geography: Plate tectonics pushing together formed what major mountain range?? Andes Mountains Natural disasters the area is prone to:

More information

Athens and Sparta. Chapter 7, Section 2

Athens and Sparta. Chapter 7, Section 2 Athens and Sparta Chapter 7, Section 2 Objectives In this section you will 1. Learn how people lived in ancient Sparta. 2. Discover some results of the Persian invasion of Greece. 3. Understand the conflicts

More information

World of the Incas and the North American Indians. Willow LeTard and Kevin Nguyen

World of the Incas and the North American Indians. Willow LeTard and Kevin Nguyen World of the Incas and the North American Indians Willow LeTard and Kevin Nguyen World of the Twantinsuyu 1300 c.e. in the Andean highlands Notable advances in metallurgy and architecture The Incas had

More information

Theodore Roosevelt As President, Teddy believed in fair play and was suspicious of big business, particularly trusts or monopolies.

Theodore Roosevelt As President, Teddy believed in fair play and was suspicious of big business, particularly trusts or monopolies. STAAR Review 5 Theodore Roosevelt 1901 1909 As President, Teddy believed in fair play and was suspicious of big business, particularly trusts or monopolies. Roosevelt felt there were some good trusts and

More information

Exploring Mexico. Directions: Complete the paragraphs below. Write the correct word from the Word Bank to complete each sentence.

Exploring Mexico. Directions: Complete the paragraphs below. Write the correct word from the Word Bank to complete each sentence. Exploring Mexico Section 1 10 Directions: Complete the paragraphs below. Write the correct word from the Word Bank to complete each sentence. Word Bank United States Central Plateau irrigation isthmus

More information

Hannibal crosses the Alps

Hannibal crosses the Alps Hannibal crosses the Alps 247-182 BC Early years Hannibal Barca was born in Carthage, North Africa, (now a suburb of Tunis, Tunisia) in 247 BC. At that time this once prosperous seaport was losing a long

More information

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire January 6 January 10, 2014 I will be able to analyze the political and social institutions of the Roman Republic. I will then be able determine and collaboratively,

More information

CHILE: A RELIABLE PARTNER FOR ASIA

CHILE: A RELIABLE PARTNER FOR ASIA CHILE: A RELIABLE PARTNER FOR ASIA I ASIA COPPER WEEK CONFERENCE November 2012 Shanghai, China HERNÁN DE SOLMINIHAC Minister of Mining Santiago de Chile Source:SERNATUR CHILE A reliable partner for Asia

More information

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire. Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet

Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire. Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet Roman Expansion: From Republic to Empire Homework: Rome Test January 22 or 25 th Finish 3 questions under Section 1 of your worksheet January 6 January 11, 2016 I will then be able determine and collaboratively,

More information

Chapter Introduction

Chapter Introduction Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history, society, and government. Section 1: The Rise of City-States Section 2:

More information

COUNTRY DATA: Haiti : Information from the CIA World Factbook INTRODUCTION

COUNTRY DATA: Haiti : Information from the CIA World Factbook INTRODUCTION COUNTRY DATA: Haiti : Information from the CIA World Factbook INTRODUCTION The native Taino Amerindians - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually

More information

Landing in Latin America & Peering Landscape in Argentina

Landing in Latin America & Peering Landscape in Argentina Landing in Latin America & Peering Landscape in Argentina South America Region Regional Facts World Population 7.350 B Region Population 652 M - 9% Regional Facts Average Internet Penetration 66% Internet

More information

Egypt. shall no longer be a prince from the land of Egypt.

Egypt. shall no longer be a prince from the land of Egypt. Egypt The Evidence You decide When Egypt is mentioned, most of us will think of the pyramids. Tourists visit Egypt to look at ruins of magnificent temples found there. These monuments are all reminders

More information

The Persian Empire. An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland.

The Persian Empire. An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland. The Persian Empire An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland. Hello Sports Fans! Read Section 1: The Persian Empire 2. How did the Persians build their empire? Persia started in southwestern Iran

More information

Acquisition of Lafarge s assets in Honduras

Acquisition of Lafarge s assets in Honduras Mural of premixed architectonical ready-mix, Bogotá, Colombia Barco Selenna, muell de Haití Exportaciones desde el puerto Cartagena, Colombia Acquisition of Lafarge s assets in Honduras September 2013

More information

Latin America and Caribbean: Wheat Flour Industry and Flour Fortification Situation Assessment. The Micronutrient Initiative

Latin America and Caribbean: Wheat Flour Industry and Flour Fortification Situation Assessment. The Micronutrient Initiative Latin America and Caribbean: Wheat Flour Industry and Flour Fortification Situation Assessment The Micronutrient Initiative September 2007 The information used in this summary report is extracted from

More information

Journey With Language Variations in Spanish (7) Central America

Journey With Language Variations in Spanish (7) Central America tb07.doc 2002-04-20 Journey With Language Variations in Spanish (7) Central America Destination --Central America It has been about 30 years since I first visited Central America. I was a university student

More information

Text 3: The Battles of Lexington and Concord. Topic 3: The Revolutionary Era Lesson 3: Taking Up Arms

Text 3: The Battles of Lexington and Concord. Topic 3: The Revolutionary Era Lesson 3: Taking Up Arms Text 3: The Battles of Lexington and Concord Topic 3: The Revolutionary Era Lesson 3: Taking Up Arms OBJECTIVES Describe the situation that led to the fighting that broke out in Lexington and Concord Explain

More information

INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION C I C A D

INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION C I C A D INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION C I C A D Secretariat for Multidimensional Security FIFTY-EIGHTH REGULAR SESSION November 11-13, 2015 Trujillo, Perú OEA/Ser.L/XIV.2.58 CICAD/doc.2113/15 12

More information

The World Pasta Industry in 2011

The World Pasta Industry in 2011 The World Pasta Industry in 2011 Survey The World Pasta Industry in 2011 25 October 2012 1 Like every year, we have completed our Annual Survey on the World Pasta Industry. We would like to thank all the

More information

World War II. Major Events and U.S. Role

World War II. Major Events and U.S. Role World War II Major Events and U.S. Role Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Hitler and Stalin signed a Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact in August 1939. They agreed not to go to war with each other. The Russians

More information

Rakennusalan mahdollisuudet Latinalaisessa Amerikassa. Heta Pyhälahti Region Americas

Rakennusalan mahdollisuudet Latinalaisessa Amerikassa. Heta Pyhälahti Region Americas Rakennusalan mahdollisuudet Latinalaisessa Amerikassa 25.5.2010 Finpro Finpro Heta Pyhälahti Region Americas Content Latin American countries and Construction ti sectors Reconstruction in Chile Timber

More information

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013 Bell Work: Make sure these are in your notes. Things to remember about Persian and Greek Wars: 1. Persia under the reign of Cyrus the Great wanted to take over Asia Minor and Greece. 2. Asia Minor was

More information

International ISBN Agency - Range Message Printed: Apr 5, Last Change: Apr 4, 2018

International ISBN Agency - Range Message Printed: Apr 5, Last Change: Apr 4, 2018 978 International ISBN Agency 0-5 600-649 7-7 80-94 950-989 9900-9989 9999 979 International ISBN Agency 10-12 978-0 English language 00-19 200-227 2280-2289 229-638 6390-6398 6399000-6399999 640-647 6480000-6489999

More information

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans

EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY. Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans EARLY PEOPLE OF ITALY Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans INTRO: The Italian peninsula is a mountainous land, shaped like a highheeled boot. Many different people migrated to the Italian peninsula through many

More information

Peru: Investment Opportunities Infrastructure and public services

Peru: Investment Opportunities Infrastructure and public services Peru: Investment Opportunities Infrastructure and public services 2017-2018 PERU S STRONG MACROECONOMIC CREDENTIALS Real GDP, 2004-2018* (%Variation) Real GDP Forecasts for Latin America 2017 (Annual Average

More information

GALLIPOLI THE WICKHAM CONNECTION

GALLIPOLI THE WICKHAM CONNECTION GALLIPOLI THE WICKHAM CONNECTION The eight-month campaign which took place between 25 April 1915 9 January 1916 on the Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire. It was one of the Allies great disasters

More information

Tucson History Series

Tucson History Series Tucson History Series This is the third of a six-part series on the history of Tucson. Author Bob Ring challenged himself to capture the what, when, and how of the important events that shaped Tucson s

More information

National Days. 1 January Cuba Liberation Day. 1 January Haiti National Day. 1 January Sudan Independence Day (1956)

National Days. 1 January Cuba Liberation Day. 1 January Haiti National Day. 1 January Sudan Independence Day (1956) s 1 January Cuba Liberation Day 1 January Haiti 1 January Sudan (1956) 4 January Burma (Myanmar) 26 January Australia Australia Day 26 January India Republic Day (1950) 4 February Sri Lanka 6 February

More information

Part 5 War between France and Great Britain

Part 5 War between France and Great Britain Part 5 War between France and Great Britain The objects of colonial rivalries PAGE 111 France Wanted to control the fur trade Expand their territory Great Britain Wanted to control the fur trade Expand

More information

A New Kind of War. Chapter 11 Section 2

A New Kind of War. Chapter 11 Section 2 A New Kind of War Chapter 11 Section 2 Introduction Great War was the largest conflict in history up to that time Millions of French, British, Russian, and German soldiers mobilized for battle German forces

More information

Pistachio Industry Inventory Shipment Report Pounds Crop Year

Pistachio Industry Inventory Shipment Report Pounds Crop Year Pistachio Industry Inventory Shipment Report Pounds March 2017 Year to Date Summary - Pounds 2016-2017 Crop Year Open Inshell AO Closed Shell Shelling Stock Total 8/31/16 Carryover 46,956,408 41,224,713

More information

Commands for North America Countries

Commands for North America Countries Commands for North America Countries Four levels of commands Level 1 Pin the countries Level 2 Use directional skills with the North America countries control Level 3 Use the Countries control, the North

More information

Latin America Aviation in 2017

Latin America Aviation in 2017 Latin America Aviation in 2017 Peter Harbison Executive Chairman, CAPA Centre for Aviation Cartagena, 11-Sep-2017 The global market Benign economic conditions have stimulated traffic growth Broadly profitable

More information

Mediterranean Europe

Mediterranean Europe Chapter 17, Section World Geography Chapter 17 Mediterranean Europe Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 17, Section

More information

Enjoy an unforgetful trip in Guanacaste!

Enjoy an unforgetful trip in Guanacaste! Catamarán Tour The tour begins aboard our catamaran in the area of Flamingo Marina, giving us access to some of the more secluded bays and points where snorkeling in Costa Rica. We will also have at your

More information

The Battle of Quebec: 1759

The Battle of Quebec: 1759 The Battle of Quebec: 1759 In the spring of 1759, the inhabitants of Quebec watched the river with worried eyes. They waited anxiously to see whether the ships of the French, or those of the British fleet,

More information

Day 131 The Suez Crisis Mini Model UN The Suez Crisis Background Guide

Day 131 The Suez Crisis Mini Model UN The Suez Crisis Background Guide Day 131 The Suez Crisis Mini Model UN The Suez Crisis Background Guide What Is a Third Way? Directions: The Third Way was not just a theory it was strategy employed by a number of countries during the

More information

REPUBLIC OF KOREA. Table 1. FDI flows in the host economy, by geographical origin. (Millions of US dollars)

REPUBLIC OF KOREA. Table 1. FDI flows in the host economy, by geographical origin. (Millions of US dollars) Table 1. FDI flows in the host economy, by geographical origin World 4 130 3 395 4 383 8 980 7 050 4 950 2 629 8 409 7 501 8 117 10 247 11 117 Developed economies 3 123 2 385 2 949 7 185 5 743 3 423-275

More information

The Persian Empire. Mr. Mable 2012

The Persian Empire. Mr. Mable 2012 The Persian Empire Mr. Mable 2012 Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Who were the important leaders? What were their contributions to history? The Rise of Persia The Persians

More information