GE020 HERITAGE 07 CONSERVATION. for Hong Kong. by Sami Hasan CBCC CIHE

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1 GE020 HERITAGE 07 CONSERVATION for Hong Kong by Sami Hasan CBCC CIHE

2 Discussing Heritage INTANGIBLE HERITAGE BUILT HERITAGE CULTURAL HERITAGE LIVING CULTURE NATURAL HERITAGE

3 Discussing Heritage INTANGIBLE HERITAGE BUILT HERITAGE CULTURAL HERITAGE LIVING CULTURE NATURAL HERITAGE

4 7 [ HONG KONG ] NATURAL HERITAGE A B CONTEXT 01 DEFINITION & GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Between Built & Natural Defining Natural Heritage Examples C HONG KONG SCENARIO Context Inventory & Approaches Issues

5 A CONTEXT

6 00 Preamble

7 What is NATURE?

8 What is NATURE? What is HERITAGE?

9 Heritage Building Heritage Intangible Cultural Heritage That Man Built That Man Practice

10 Heritage Building Heritage Intangible Cultural Heritage Natural Heritage How Men relate themselves here? That Man Built That Man Practice

11 Heritage // Culture Nature (Natural Heritage) Can Culture, (and so heritage) be related to Nature? Your thoughts: Discussion

12 01 Between Built & Natural

13 Heritage Building Heritage Intangible Cultural Heritage Natural Heritage That Man Built That Man Practice

14 Nature Building Heritage Intangible Cultural Heritage Un-built Built Unaltered System System Interfered by Man

15 Un-built Man Interfered / Built Aspect/ Culture NATURAL LANDSCAPE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

16 Steppe landscape

17

18 Planes Plateau Woodland Coastal River Basins The Blackfoot, the Blood and the Peigan Salish The Lillooet Haida the Hare /watch?v=1uiwh8auxwm

19 NATURAL LANDSCAPE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE Provides IDENTITY Defines WAY of LIFE Influences WORLDVIEW

20 NATURAL LANDSCAPE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE Provides IDENTITY Defines WAY of LIFE Influences WORLDVIEW Ip, Hing-fong (1995). An historical geography of the walled villages of Hong Kong. M.Phil Thesis. HKU: Hong Kong

21 SURVIVAL/ Existence Environment Ecosystem Biosphere NATURE and its heritage CULTURAL Contribution Provides IDENTITY Defines WAY of LIFE Influences WORLDVIEW External Internal

22 B DEFINITION GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

23 03 Defining Natural Heritage

24 Natural Heritage Biodiversity Ecosystem Geo-diversity Flora & Fauna Geological formation UNESCO The World Heritage Centre (WHC) 1992 The World Heritage Committee The World Heritage Site/ Item

25 Natural Heritage ASSESSMENT The World Heritage Site/ Item IUCN WHC Article 2, W H Convention + elaborated in World Heritage Operational Guidelines specific criteria + conditions assess Outstanding Universal Value(s) of prospective World Natural Heritage properties

26 Natural Heritage ASSESSMENT The World Heritage Site/ Item IUCN WHC The United Nations Foundation (UNF) + the major international conservation NGOs like Conservation International (CI), Fauna and Flora International (FFI), The Nature Conservancy (TNC), The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

27 Natural Heritage SCOPE/ CRITERIA WHC The World Heritage Committee Assess and Recognises Continually improve World Heritage site management capacities Counter threats to World Heritage in Danger sites Complete the World Heritage List Apply the Ecosystem Approach Link up with the international biodiversity conservation agenda Mainstream the Convention and convey the World Heritage message

28 Natural Heritage PURPOSE STRATEGY UNESCO WHC s Natural Heritage Strategy Biodiversity Approach Ecosystem Approach Programme of Work on Protected Areas World Heritage Marine Programme

29 04 Examples

30 Natural Heritage Example MANGROVE GREAT BARRIER REEF etc.

31 Natural Heritage GREAT BARRIER REEF world s largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc

32 APPROACHES of CONSERVATION Example

33 C HONG KONG SCENARIO

34 05 Context

35 HONG KONG TOPOGRAPHIC

36 HONG KONG CLIMATIC

37 HONG KONG ECOSYSTEM

38 HONG KONG BIODIVERSITY/ FLORA-FAUNA

39 INVENTORY

40 REMARKABLE EXAMPLES Wetlands Rock Formation Coral NATURAL TREASURES vs CONSERVATION Harbour

41 Rocks Harbour

42 Yan Chau Tong Marine Park happy result of violent volcanic eruptions some 180 million years ago

43 Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park a sheltered bay that s famous for its coral collection. You might be able to spot more than 60 species of hard coral just from a clear spot on the surface, or dive down further to happen upon colorful soft coral and more than 120 species of fish.

44 REMARKABLE EXAMPLES Wetlands Rock Formation Coral Wetland Park 60 hectares of wetland reserve with specially designed habitats for its water-bird species.

45 REMARKABLE EXAMPLES Wetlands Rock Formation Coral Wetland Park 60 hectares of wetland reserve with specially designed habitats for its water-bird species.

46 White Dolphin

47 06 Issues/ Conflicts/ Constrains

48 RECLAMATION

49 LEAST RESPONSE to NATURAL SETTINGS

50 Protection Integrity Protection for Hong Kong's built and natural heritage is not mutually exclusive Michael Lau says it would set a bad precedent to preserve one at the expense of the other, as the government is proposing to do to save a historic building at 23 Coombe Road

51 LIGHT POLLUTION vs ECOSYSTEM

52 End of Lecture 07

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