G E N E M E M E T E C H N E

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "G E N E M E M E T E C H N E"

Transcription

1 GENE MEME TECHNE

2 Idea The Medea Symposium is by assumption an interdisciplinary meeting on the edge of science, art and technology, where an exchange of ideas from different areas of knowledge take place and it is intended to lead to non-standard connections of disciplines, which function separately in the traditional approach. The symposium program includes a conference multi-panel conference and accompanying exhibitions. On the first edition of Medea in 2011 Invited Lecturer was prof. Marcos Novak from the University of California Santa Barbara, the most important pioneer of virtual architecture, who was by this occasion in Poland for the first time. In 2016 Invited Lecturer was prof. Lex Drewinski, from the University of Applied Sciences in Potsdam, the most recognized contemporary poster designer in the world. The interdisciplinary formula of the Medea Symposium is extended every year. Last year the Medea Academic Conference included 4 panels related to art (main panel), science (PTA), social sciences (ISLICS) and Economical Sciences (ITS) and two accompanying exhibitions took place: Roller Poster / Crete and Arch Inside /Crete. Within the boundaries of last year s Symposium 38 lectures took place from scientists and artists from renowned science facilities from 10 countries and an accompanying exhibition of over 100 works from known Polish and German designers. The next edition of Medea Symposium will be held south of Thessaloniki in Paralia Katerinis at the foot of the Olympus Mountain in cooperation with the Fine Arts Department of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and Thessaloniki Science Center & Technology Museum NOESIS. The formula of this year s conference will be extended by Medea Meetings organized in cooperation with the International Biennale of Art Mediations Biennale and a third accompanying event Exhibition of Polish Printmaking transprint.

3 Gene Meme Techne The word information comes from Latin word informare, which means shaping, applying form. In physics there is a notion of entropy, which is in simplification a measure of disorder. According to the second law of thermodynamics all the processes in a closed system are proceeding to the state of equilibrium, which is a state of maximum entropy. There is a singularity in such system, which is called life. Life in its surroundings decreases entropy and produces information. The first layer and first advanced carrier of information amongst living organisms is the Gene. The second layer and carrier of information, which emerged among more advanced living organisms is the Meme and it is the layer of our conscious existance. There is also a third layer announced by futurologists, which was named Artificial Intelligence or Technological Singularity. Let us call this layer Techne. The Meme is in the same relation to the Gene as Techne will be to the Meme. We are considering the introduction of mechanisms that will control the evolution of Techne. Is the relation of Genes and Memes also associated with such kind of mechanism? The juxtaposition of these three words is the tagline of this years Medea Symposium, which will take place at the foot of the Mountain Olympus amythical seat of the Olympic Gods and near the capital cities of Ancient Macedonia - Aigai and Pella, from which Alexander the Great departed to his conquest of the Persian Empire initiating the Hellenistic Era in Western Civilization. Medea Meetings Starting from this year, in collaboration with the Mediations Biennale in Poznan, a series of Medea Satellite Meetings will be initiated with the aim of bringing closer to the wider audience issues occurring on the edge of science, art and technology associated with the evolution of computers, the global teleinformation network and information processing systems. The adopted formula of the Medea Meetings will be a series of lectures and workshops with creators, who explored new technological layers of human presence as pioneers, defining new notions, creating new fields of exploitation or acting artistically based on the computer space of information.

4 MEDEA 2018 Sixth International Interdisciplinary Symposium on Art, Science and Technology ISLICS 2018 Third International Symposium on Legal Implications of Cyber Society PTA 2018 Third International Symposium on Physics, Technology and Art ITM 2018 Second International Symposium on Information Tools in Management ROLLER POSTER / THESSALONIKI Showcase of Polish Self-Edition Posters and Invited International Artists ARCH Inside / THESSALONIKI Exhibition of the Chair of Interior Architecture of the Visual Arts Department of the Academy of Art in Szczecin and Invited Guests transprint / THESSALONIKI Exhibition of Polish Printmaking

5 Venues: Center of Science and Technology NOESIS, Thessaloniki Hotel Rea, Paralia Katerinis Timeline: September Organizers: Visual Arts Department, Academy of Art in Szczecin Association for Support of Science, Art and Technology Development MEDEA Co-organizers: Faculty of Interior Design and Stage Design, University of Arts in Poznań Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanotronic, West Pomeranian University of Technology Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdańsk University of Technology Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Zielona Góra Faculty of Humanities, Koszalin University of Technology Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Greece Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Szczecin Faculty of Architecture, Silesian Univesity of Technology Fine Arts Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki Science Center & Technology Museum NOESIS Mediations Biennale in Poznań Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences in Poznań Cooperation: Pomeranian - Greater Poland Nanotechnology Forum RollerPoster, National Exhibition of Self-edition Posters Honorary Chairmen: Alnoor Mitha (Manchester School of Art, Manchester Metropolitan University) George Papadopoulos (Physics Department, University of Athens)

6 Scientific Committee: Zygmunt Drążek (Szczecin, Poland) Niko Guskos (Szczecin, Poland) Józef Jurek (Poznań, Poland) Mirosław Pawłowski (Poznań, Poland) Jarosław Rybicki (Gdańsk, Poland) Xenis Sachinis (Thessaloniki, Greece) Janusz Stankowski (Poznań, Poland) Tomasz Wendland (Szczecin, Poland) Natalia Bąba-Ciosek (Gliwice, Poland) Krzysztof Wojciechowski (Poznań, Poland) Wojciech Kempiński (Poznań, Poland) Program Committee: Izabela Gawłowicz (Zielona Góra, Poland) Andreas Guskos (Szczecin, Poland) Niko Guskos (Szczecin, Poland) Justyna Machnicka (Szczecin, Poland) Organizing Committee: Andreas Guskos (Szczecin, Poland) Izabela Gawłowicz (Zielona Góra, Poland) Marta Dziomdziora (Szczecin, Poland) Ireneusz Kuriata (Szczecin, Poland) Justyna Machnicka (Szczecin, Poland) Jakub Palka (Szczecin, Poland) Dominika Zawojska (Szczecin, Poland) Katarzyna Utecht (Szczecin, Poland) Mikołaj Stankowski (Poznań, Poland) Iwona Wierzchowiecka-Rudnik (Koszalin, Poland) Project Coordinator / MEDEA 2018 Chairman: Andreas Guskos tel.: PTA 2018 Chairman: Niko Guskos tel.: ISLICS 2018 Chairwoman: Izabela Gawłowicz tel.: ITS 2018 Chairman: Zygmunt Drążek tel.: ROLLER POSTER / SALONIKI Curator: Justyna Machnicka tel.: ARCH Inside / SALONIKI Curators: Katarzyna Utecht Dominika Zawojska tel.: Paweł Machomet transprint / SALONIKI Curators: Mirosław Pawłowski cooperation: Marta Dziomdziora Magdalena Uchman

7 Macedonia Macedonia is the biggest in area and second in population size geographical region of Greece ( km2 / inhabitants). The capital of Macedonia is Thessaloniki, the second largest city in Greece ( inhabitants). Here are located: the Mount Olympus, the highest mountain range in Greece (highest peak, Mitikas, 2918 m.a.s.l.) and the Holy Mountain Athos ( γιον ρος), an autonomous region inhabited by orthodox monks. Macedonia was an ancient Greek kingdom established and ruled for most of the time by the Argead dynasty, from which also Alexander the Great came. Argeads derived their origin from Temenides of Argos in Peloponnese, so also from Hercules (Heraklides), of whom according to mythology Temenos was the great-great-grandson. Theopompous mentions the mythical Karanos, one of the sons of Temenos, as a progenitor of the Argead dynasty, who after the death of his father and lost struggle for succession decided to search for another location for his kingdom and with this aim went to the Oracle of Delphi, where he received a prophecy from Pythia that he should go to the lands of Bottiaeans abounding in flocks and found a city where he will see goats white as a snow with star shining horns, which are sleeping in a deep sleep (gr. Αίγα, aiga goat). Karanos in a place that he has found according to the prophecy founded a city, which he named Aigai ( Αιγαί) today s Vergina, where an archeological site and a complex of Macedonian royal tombs are located. Also the Aegean Sea took its name from goats that were associated with the white foamed peaks of waves on a disturbed sea (gr. Α γεύς + πέλαγος). Greek geographer and traveler Strabon derives also the name of Egypt from the same source - Αιγαίο + υπτίως below (south from) the Aegean Sea. A holy goat was feeding Zeus in his infancy when he was hiding from the pedofagus Kronos. The shield of Zeus aegis was made from goat s skin and this is the source of the phrase under the aegis and in Greek also the root of the word storm ( καταιγίδα), which according to mythology was caused by Zeus who was shaking his shield in anger. The most significant blossoming of Macedonia occurs in the times of Philip II and his son Alexander the Great, disciple of Aristotle, whose conquers initiated Hellenistic Era in history.

8 The biggest scientific facility and two biggest libraries of ancient times emerged within the boundaries of Hellenistic states: the Museum and Library of Alexandria and the Library of Pergamon. Alexandria was erected by Alexander the Great with the help of architect Deinochares in 332 B.C. in the place of an older town Rhakotis (dated 2686 BC). The Museum of Alexandria, which included the famous Alexandrian Library, was erected by Ptolemy I Soter, Alexander s general and founder of the Ptolemy dynasty. He was inspired in his actions by Demetrius of Phalerum, disciple of Aristotle. The first superintendent of of the library was Zenodotus from Ephesus, who first started the cassification of the collection, by separating text associated with epics and lyrics. The collection was significantly enriched by Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who deployed his representatives all around the Mediterranean with a mission of searching for scrolls and acquiring them. Furthermore, anyone who stayed in Alexandria and was in possession of scrolls was obliged to deposit them in the library, where they were copied and the owner received back the copy. Also the ships in the harbor were inspected in search for books. The Museum of Alexandria was a scientific and research complex, which included amongst others the Library, an astronomical observatory, places for meetings, studies, residencies for scientists, lecture rooms, a zoological garden. According to different sources the collection of the library included from to volumines, which ranked it as the greatest library of the world (Pergamon Library was the second one). The complex included a scientific library the Brucheum, part of the Museum, where most of the books were strored and a public library the Serapeum with a collection of scrolls.

9 Some of the scholars resided in the Alexandrian Museum, example research and inventions: Euclid, c. 365 BC 300 BC. Basics of geometry, mathematics and mathematical logic. Herophilos of Chalcedon, 335 BC 280 BC. Medicine (named the father of anatomy ). Aristarchus of Samos, 310 BC 230 BC. Astronomy. First proofs of a heliocentric nature of the Solar System. Callimachus of Cyrene, c. 310 BC 240 BC. Probably the second superintendent of the library. Poetry, first history of literature. Classification of the collection according to sections: philosophy, history, medicine, mathematical sciences, natural sciences, law, epos and poetry, drama, rhetoric, others. Authors placement in each section in alphabetical order. Erasistratus of Keos, 304 BC 257 BC. Medicine (named the father of physiology ). Cofounder of the medical school in the Museum. Archimedes, 287 BC 212 BC. Mathematics, physics, mechanics. Archimedes principle, Archimedes screw, lever, π number, integral methods for calculating volume and area. Ctesibius of Alexandria, 285 BC BC. Mechanics. Valves, piston pump, springs, water clock, pneumatic canon, water organs (hydraulis). Philo of Byzantium, born 280 BC. Mathematics, mechanics. Thermometer, catapult. Eratosthenes of Cyrene, 276 BC 194 BC. Third superintendent of the library. Philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, geography. Proof of the sphericity of Earth, measurment of the diameter of Earth. Apollonius of Perga, c. 268 BC 190 BC. Geometry and astronomy. Solution of the Delian problem, first solar clock. Hipparchus of Nicaea, c. 190 BC 120 BC. Mathematics, astronomy, geography. Determining the distance of the Moon from Earth, Determining the time of the Earth circulation around the Sun, defining the latitude and longitude. Hero of Alexandria, c. 10 AD 70 AD. Principal of the Higher Technical School (first univesity of technology) in Alexandria. Mathematics, physics, mechanics. Formula on a triangle field, steam turbine, siege machines. Menelaus of Alexandria, c. 70 AD 140 AD. Astronomy, mathematics. Spherical geometry. Claudius Ptolemy, c. 100 AD 168 AD. Astronomy, mathematics, geography. Almagest - geocentric theory. Galen of Pergamon, 130 AD 200 AD. Medicine. There is an ancient hydraulis exposed in the Archeological Museum of Dion a musical instrument invented by Ctesibius of Alexandria named the father of pneumatics.

10 Important Deadlines: Registration: May Abstract proposal (up to one A4 page): May Abstract proposal acceptance: May Conference fee, early payment: June Conference fee, late payment (higher): July Full paper submission (ca. 1/2 publishing sheet): November Registration: In order to perform the registration please download and fill the registration form available at and send it by to Abstract Proposal: Please submit the abstract proposal by to: Conference Fee: Before June : 550 / 2450 PLN - Regular fee 350 / 1550 PLN - Student fee After June : 650 / 2850 PLN - Regular fee 450 / 2000 PLN - Student fee Regular fee includes: local conference costs, cost of conference materials, hotel room between September Student fee includes: local conference costs, cost of conference materials, accommodation in double room between September Payment: Payment should be done by wire transfer to organizer s bank account: Account no: PL BIC SWIFT: PKOPPLPW Description: MEDEA201 8, participants Name and Surname Account holder: Association for Support of Science, Art and Technology Development MEDEA ul. Krę ta 36/9, Szczecin Please send the receipt of payment by to:

11 MEDEA contact: Andreas Guskos tel.:

Big Idea. Hellenistic culture spreads.

Big Idea. Hellenistic culture spreads. Big Idea Hellenistic culture spreads. Essential Question What were the effects of Alexander the Great's empire? Words To Know Peloponnesian War an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens

More information

2000 BC: The musical instrument the Lyre was invented in Crete. ~1700 BC: Linear A is invented and it is the system of writing in Minoan civilizations

2000 BC: The musical instrument the Lyre was invented in Crete. ~1700 BC: Linear A is invented and it is the system of writing in Minoan civilizations Ian Insley and Jordan Rodwell Assignment #5 10/22/2018 Question #1: Ancient Greece Timeline 3000 BC : Bronze Age begins in the Aegean Islands 2900 BC : Bronze Age begins in Crete Minoan Period begins (2700

More information

Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies

Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies Name: Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies Directions 1. Using page 117 in your textbook, complete the following task: Cities Continents, Islands, Regions Bodies of Water Carthage Athens

More information

World History Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece

World History Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece Greece s s Geography 1. Greece s s geography was dominated by the mountainous terrain and easy access to the sea 2. The mountains: a) separated the Greek city-states b) made

More information

Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. Alexander Mosaic, from Pompeii, Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale.

Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. Alexander Mosaic, from Pompeii, Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale. Alexander fighting Persian king Darius III. Alexander Mosaic, from Pompeii, Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale. IV) HELLENISTIC GREECE The Hellenistic period of Greek history was the period between the

More information

WHI SOL 5. Ancient Greeks

WHI SOL 5. Ancient Greeks WHI SOL 5 Ancient Greeks The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization

More information

The Spread Of Greek Culture

The Spread Of Greek Culture The Spread Of Greek Culture Greek Culture Spreads Philosophers, poets, scientists, and writers moved to the new Greek cities in southwest Asia, particularly Alexandria, during the Hellenistic Era. The

More information

PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished bringing Greece under his control by winning the BATTLE OF CHAERONEA

PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished bringing Greece under his control by winning the BATTLE OF CHAERONEA PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Considered backward and barbaric though He admired Greek culture Hired Aristotle to tutor his son, Alexander Dreamed of conquering the Greek city-states PHILIP II OF MACEDONIA Accomplished

More information

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE Setting the Stage- After Persian War: Athens comes out leader Creates Delian League Uses money to glorify Athens GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE/ATHENS Pericles Legacy: -

More information

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods

More information

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled?

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled? Name Hour Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. What does the statement Greeks did not live on land,

More information

The Glory of Ancient Greece

The Glory of Ancient Greece 1 Chapter 7 The Glory of Ancient Greece Section 1 Daily Life in Athens Section 2 Athens and Sparta Section 3 The Spread of Greek Culture Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period 2 Wow!

More information

APWH chapter 4.notebook. September 11, 2012

APWH chapter 4.notebook. September 11, 2012 Classical Greece E Ancient Greeks were a seafaring people who learned about civilization from their neighbors (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phoenicians). Greeks exported valuable goods (olive oil, wine) and traded

More information

There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture: (found at the Parthenon),, and

There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture: (found at the Parthenon),, and Columns Unit 4: Greece Notes WHI/RichmondYarbrough Greek architecture is renowned for its use of large, stately in construction. There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture: (found

More information

direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials

direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 1: The Golden Age of Greece Objectives Describe how democracy grew under Pericles. Explain how Pericles expanded the wealth and power of Athens.

More information

Chapter IV: The Ancient Greeks (p.76)

Chapter IV: The Ancient Greeks (p.76) FOCUS SHEET - Chapter IV: The Ancient Greeks (p.76) Name As you read these sections, be thinking about how geography can affect political organization Also - how can differences between people lead to

More information

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem. 1 2012 Chapter 4 Study Guide: Ancient Greece Section 1: Early People Aegean Sea: (uh-gee-un): part of the Mediterranean Sea that forms the eastern border of Greece. Minoans

More information

It had a privileged position between Asia and Africa.

It had a privileged position between Asia and Africa. UNIT 10 Ancient Greece The natural environment Ancient Greece was composed of: Balkan Peninsula, the Peloponnese and other islands in the Eastern Mediterranean. Asia Minor (now Turkey) later became part.

More information

Greece Review. Quiz, Quiz, Trade

Greece Review. Quiz, Quiz, Trade Greece Review Quiz, Quiz, Trade Q: What is a polis? Answer: Greek city-state Hint #1: developed because of Greek s mountainous geography Hint #2: central focus of Greek life Hint #3: Same culture as surrounding

More information

Ancient Greek Warfare. Persian Wars, Peloponnesian War, and Alexander the Great

Ancient Greek Warfare. Persian Wars, Peloponnesian War, and Alexander the Great Ancient Greek Warfare Persian Wars, Peloponnesian War, and Alexander the Great Greek Warfare l Hoplite armed men l Large 3 foot shield (Hoplon) protected his left side l The other side was protected by

More information

Spring 2019 Field trips

Spring 2019 Field trips Spring 2019 Field trips organized by the office of Athletic & Student Activities Vergina January 8 (No fee. Study Abroad Included Trip) Day trip to the area of Ancient Aegai and a visit to the museum of

More information

The Golden Age of Athens

The Golden Age of Athens The Golden Age of Athens More than 2,000 years ago, Athens became the cultural center of Greece. Achievements were made in many fields during a period known as the Golden Age. These achievements greatly

More information

Geography. Greece s Physical Geography is: Peninsula (water on three sides) The Peloponnesus. Mountainous Terrain (see Map dark green)

Geography. Greece s Physical Geography is: Peninsula (water on three sides) The Peloponnesus. Mountainous Terrain (see Map dark green) Grapes Greece Geography Greece s Physical Geography is: Peninsula (water on three sides) The Peloponnesus Mountainous Terrain (see Map dark green) Extends into the Aegean Sea Includes over 2,000 Islands

More information

Geography and Early Greek Civilization

Geography and Early Greek Civilization Geography and Early Greek Civilization Do Now How does geography influence how you interact with your neighbors? Learning Targets and Intentions of the Lesson I Want Students to: 1. KNOW the differences

More information

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p )

LESSON 1: The Geography of Greece (read p ) Name Period Parent Signature Teacher use only Chapter 9 Study Guide: Ancient Greece % MULTIPLE CHOICE: Using your textbook, completed folder activities, and your graded homework assignments, choose the

More information

Sixth Grade, Social Studies, Quarter 3

Sixth Grade, Social Studies, Quarter 3 2015.16 Sixth Grade, Social Studies, Quarter 3 Ancient China and Ancient Greek Culture: Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, social, and religious structures of the civilizations of Ancient

More information

TruthQuest History Ancient Greece Maps, Timeline & Report Package

TruthQuest History Ancient Greece Maps, Timeline & Report Package A J T L Grades 5 and up TruthQuest History Ancient Greece Maps, Timeline & Report Package A Journey Through Learning www.ajourneythroughlearning.com Table of Contents Ancient Greece 1. Greek Life 2. Early

More information

Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece?

Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece? Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, 2013 Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece? a. Slavery c. Democratic Government b. Oligarchy d. Military Power Tuesday - Much

More information

Review the Facts Golden Ages of Athens

Review the Facts Golden Ages of Athens Review the Facts Golden Ages of Athens Resources: Reading 29 Reading 29 Reading Notes CYK Quiz Vocabulary: Golden Ages Parthenon architecture pediment frieze philosophy Agora Acropolis drama metopes Questions:

More information

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013

Greece at War. Persian Wars. May 01, 2013 Bell Work: Make sure these are in your notes. Things to remember about Persian and Greek Wars: 1. Persia under the reign of Cyrus the Great wanted to take over Asia Minor and Greece. 2. Asia Minor was

More information

Ancient Greece B.C.E.

Ancient Greece B.C.E. Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Section 1 of Greece Geography and effect on Greece. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian

More information

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 11 : ANCIENT GREECE 2,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT GREECE

More information

Summer 2019 Field trips

Summer 2019 Field trips Summer 2019 Field trips organized by the office of Athletic & Student Activities Gerovassiliou winery & Beach June 21 Cost 20 includes: Transportation, Wine tasting, visit to nearby beach One of the founding

More information

name: hr: group / solo due on:

name: hr: group / solo due on: name: hr: group / solo due on: Rule and Order in Greek City-States How were city-states governed? (page 127) The center of Greek life was the polis, or city state. A polis was made up of a city and the

More information

Greece. made up of two parts: mainland hundreds of small islands. Two main features: Mountains Seas

Greece. made up of two parts: mainland hundreds of small islands. Two main features: Mountains Seas Greece made up of two parts: mainland hundreds of small islands Two main features: Mountains Seas Geography MOUNTAIN RANGES mountain ranges separated the small, independent Greek communities caused them

More information

Ancient Greece. Written by: Marci Haines. Sample file. Rainbow Horizons Publishing Inc. ISBN-13:

Ancient Greece. Written by: Marci Haines. Sample file. Rainbow Horizons Publishing Inc.   ISBN-13: Ancient Greece Written by: Marci Haines Rainbow Horizons Publishing Inc. Tel: 1-800-663-3609 Fax: 1-800-663-3608 Email: service@rainbowhorizons.com www.rainbowhorizons.com ISBN-13: 978-1-55319-085-1 Copyright

More information

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) The Minoans The Minoans established a brilliant early civilization on the island of Crete. The Minoans traded with Egypt and Mesopotamia. They acquired ideas and technology

More information

World History I SOL WH1.5e, f Mr. Driskell

World History I SOL WH1.5e, f Mr. Driskell World History I SOL WH1.5e, f Mr. Driskell I. Drama A. The Greeks were the first civilization to have plays that would be shown in theaters. They would have large festivals to their many gods, and these

More information

To Helen Edgar Allen Poe

To Helen Edgar Allen Poe To Helen Edgar Allen Poe Helen, the beauty is to me Like those Nicean barks of yore That gently, o er a perfumed sea, The weary, wayworn wanderer bore To his own native shore On desperate seas long wont

More information

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos citizen - a person who is part of a certain society; in Greece, only

More information

Ancient Greece Chapter Four

Ancient Greece Chapter Four Ancient Greece Chapter Four http://www.angelfire.com/tx5/mere dithaggie05/greecemap.gif http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=ancient+greece&view=detail&id =9999AE976245F9D7F700165B6B 7377537DCFC1EC&first=0&FORM

More information

Slide 1. Slide 2. Slide 3. Early Civilization in Greece. Minoans Settle on Crete. Ancient Greece Chapter Four

Slide 1. Slide 2. Slide 3. Early Civilization in Greece. Minoans Settle on Crete. Ancient Greece Chapter Four Slide 1 Ancient Greece Chapter Four http://www.angelfire.com/tx5/mere dithaggie05/greecemap.gif http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=ancient+greece&view=detail&id =9999AE976245F9D7F700165B6B 7377537DCFC1EC&first=0&FORM

More information

Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea

Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea Name CHAPTER 5 Section 1 (pages 123 126) Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about belief systems in ancient China and the Qin dynasty. In this section,

More information

Ancient Greece. Roots of Western Civilization

Ancient Greece. Roots of Western Civilization Ancient Greece Roots of Western Civilization Greece Map Identification Balkan Peninsula: Cities: Troy Mycenae Knossos Ephesus Delphi Athens Sparta Other Geographic features: Mount Olympus Aegean Sea Pelopennesus

More information

Ancient Iran, BCE. from Iranz. Geography and Resources. The Rise of the Persian Empire

Ancient Iran, BCE. from Iranz. Geography and Resources. The Rise of the Persian Empire Guided Reading 2: The Formation of New Cultural Communities, 1000 BCE-400 CE Name: Period: List the large cultural zones that begin emerging based on shared traditions: 5. 6. What is unique about metallurgy

More information

Review Questions 1. What works of art give clues to Minoan culture?

Review Questions 1. What works of art give clues to Minoan culture? The island of Crete was home to the Minoans. They were a great trading civilization that existed from 1600 B.C. to 1500 B.C. The rulers lived in a large palace at Knossos. It housed the royal family and

More information

I. HELLENIC GREECE. A. Hellenic an adjective that describes anything from ancient Greece

I. HELLENIC GREECE. A. Hellenic an adjective that describes anything from ancient Greece I. HELLENIC GREECE A. Hellenic an adjective that describes anything from ancient Greece B. Culture, language, architecture, religion, philosophy would all be described as Hellenic III. GREEK POLIS A. Villages

More information

European Darksky Protectors 2 nd to 8 th of April 2017 Learning, Teaching, Training Meeting In Kavala, Greece.

European Darksky Protectors 2 nd to 8 th of April 2017 Learning, Teaching, Training Meeting In Kavala, Greece. European Darksky Protectors 2 nd to 8 th of April 2017 Learning, Teaching, Training Meeting In Kavala, Greece. The second Learning, Teaching, Training Meeting of our Erasmus+ Darksky Protectors was held

More information

Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE

Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE It had paid-up intellectuals and progressive politics, yet ancient Greece was less civil than we are inclined to remember Find out more about the history of Ancient

More information

Early People of the Aegean

Early People of the Aegean Early People of the Aegean Minoans Island of Crete Height of Civilization is 1600-1500 BC Based on trade not conquest Trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia 1400 BC they disappear Palace at Knossos Mycenaeans

More information

NUMISMATIC COLLECTION NEWS AND ACTIVITIES

NUMISMATIC COLLECTION NEWS AND ACTIVITIES December 2015 NUMISMATIC COLLECTION NEWS AND ACTIVITIES Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, 41 Panepistimiou Street, GR-102 52, Athens. Tel.+30 210 326 2460-1 www.alphanumismatics.gr, numismatic@alpha.gr

More information

CLASSICS Mission Statement Program Objectives Student Learning Objectives

CLASSICS Mission Statement Program Objectives Student Learning Objectives CLASSICS Mission Statement The mission of the Classics program at Hellenic College is to train young scholars in the languages, literatures, and civilizations of Ancient Greece and Rome while also preparing

More information

~ Name:. Date: Period: - ----------- ----- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- MAIN IDEAS: The Greek World Chapter 1 0-Section 1 1. Persia became an under the Great.

More information

Greece Intro.notebook. February 12, Age of Empires

Greece Intro.notebook. February 12, Age of Empires Greece Intro.notebook February 12, 2016 Age of Empires 1 Objectives: 1. Identify geographic features of select areas of the classical world and explain its input on development. 2. Note the aspects of

More information

Thessaloniki Sightseeing Half-day Tour (approx. 30 km/estim. duration )

Thessaloniki Sightseeing Half-day Tour (approx. 30 km/estim. duration ) Thessaloniki Sightseeing Half-day Tour (approx. 30 km/estim. duration 09.30-14.30) Book Thessaloniki sightseeing tour and get a complete idea of the city also known as Salonica. A city of great historic

More information

Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11

Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11 Name: Class: Date: 10.1: Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11 1) How did the geographical nature of Greece shape its culture? The city- states were isolated from each other due to the mountainous

More information

Ancient Greece 1750 B.C B.C. Chapter 5

Ancient Greece 1750 B.C B.C. Chapter 5 Ancient Greece 1750 B.C.- 133 B.C. Chapter 5 5-1 Early People of the Aegean Minoan Civilization l Island of Crete, home of Minoans. l Contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia l The Palace at Knossos l Shrinesl

More information

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts

Chapter 6. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts 1 Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts Notebook Number Mr. Graver Name Old World Cultures Period By now, you ve probably

More information

THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE

THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rw3rdnc0qfc Why is it so important? Ancient Greece is called 'the birthplace of Western civilisation'. Why? =>Because they created a way of

More information

the basic principle of justice in Hammurabi s Code ( an eye for an eye ). (H, C, E)

the basic principle of justice in Hammurabi s Code ( an eye for an eye ). (H, C, E) SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER HUMAN ORIGINS IN AFRICA THROUGH THE NEOLITHIC AGE 7.1 Describe the great climatic and environmental changes that shaped the earth and eventually permitted the growth of human

More information

Ancient Greece B.C.E.

Ancient Greece B.C.E. Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian empire (includes Turkey) and Rome. Greek geography

More information

UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises

UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises UNIT 14: Ancient Greece Exercises 1) Where did the greek civilisation surge? 2) What are the 3 periods of the history of Ancient Greece? 3) Was the Mediterranean sea important for the greeks? Yes/No. Why?

More information

The Ten Horned Beast

The Ten Horned Beast B. Keith Chadwell The Ten Horned Beast If an area is dark and we need to see into that area, it makes sence that we would not spend time arguing about the darkness, just flood the area with light. So,

More information

9 th European Conference on Thermoelectrics

9 th European Conference on Thermoelectrics 9 th European Conference on Thermoelectrics September 28 th 30 th, 2011 Thessaloniki, Greece Thessaloniki some facts 2500 years of continuous history Inhabited by 1,5 million people, approximately 2 nd

More information

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece 1 Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece Name Date Block Greek Geography The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. Locations and places

More information

CREATING A CULTURAL DIPOLE IN THE CITIES OF SERRES (GR) AND PETRICH (BL) IN THE FRAME OF INTERREG REGIONAL COOPERATION

CREATING A CULTURAL DIPOLE IN THE CITIES OF SERRES (GR) AND PETRICH (BL) IN THE FRAME OF INTERREG REGIONAL COOPERATION International Scientific Conference REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION Pirot, Republic of Serbia CREATING A CULTURAL DIPOLE IN THE CITIES OF SERRES (GR) AND PETRICH (BL) IN THE FRAME OF

More information

The Twelve Olympian Gods

The Twelve Olympian Gods Greek Mythology The ancient Greeks practiced polytheism, the worship of many gods or deities. A deity is a being with supernatural powers. Unlike the gods of Egypt, Greek gods looked-- and behaved-- like

More information

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9)

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction. Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C.

World History: Patterns of Interaction. Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. The history and culture of classical Greece has a significant impact on the modern world. Classical Greece, 2000 B.C. 300 B.C. Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section

More information

Organized by. Technological Educational Institute Central Macedonia. Department of Supply Chain

Organized by. Technological Educational Institute Central Macedonia. Department of Supply Chain Organized by Technological Educational Institute Central Macedonia Department of Supply Chain Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Department of Mechanical Engineering Laboratory of Quantitative Analysis

More information

WHI SOL Narrative Review part 2 (to follow Narrative Review PPt. questions 1-57)

WHI SOL Narrative Review part 2 (to follow Narrative Review PPt. questions 1-57) Name WHI Voorhees Ancient Greece WHI SOL Narrative Review part 2 (to follow Narrative Review PPt. questions 1-57) Location Group of islands and the Balkan and Peloponnesus Peninsulas, surrounded by the

More information

Lecture 2 Tourism through ages

Lecture 2 Tourism through ages Lecture 2 Tourism through ages Revision Tourism is: The processes, activities and outcomes arising from the relationships and the interactions among tourists, tourism suppliers, host communities, and surrounding

More information

Macedon. History 290 Oakton Community College November 7, 2011

Macedon. History 290 Oakton Community College November 7, 2011 Macedon History 290 Oakton Community College November 7, 2011 Philip of Macedon 382-336 BC Alexander the Great 356-323 BC Hellenistic Period 323 30 BC Macedon Chalcidice Thrace Thessaly Olynthus Potidea

More information

Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea

Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea Name CHAPTER 5 Section 1 (pages 123 126) Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about belief systems in ancient China and the Qin dynasty. In this section,

More information

CURRICULUM VITAE. Associate Professor, Tourist Guidance Department, Faculty of Tourism & Hotels, Minia University, Egypt.

CURRICULUM VITAE. Associate Professor, Tourist Guidance Department, Faculty of Tourism & Hotels, Minia University, Egypt. CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION Name: Samar Mostafa Kamal Current Nationality: Egyptian Date of birth:15/1/1972 Marital Status: Married Address: 30 Adly Yakan Street, Minia, Egypt Mobile no (002)01222189892

More information

JASON, MEDEA and the ARGONAUTS saga

JASON, MEDEA and the ARGONAUTS saga JASON, MEDEA and the ARGONAUTS saga Quest for the Golden Fleece by Jason and the crew of Argo. How did the Golden Fleece come to the picture? MYTHIC BACKGROUND OF THE STORY: Athamas (Boiotian king) took

More information

Aspects of Civilizations Economy, Government

Aspects of Civilizations Economy, Government Section 1 Page 144 Preview: What do you know about Rome? List ideas 1. The Rise of Rome: The Land and Peoples of Italy Geographic Item Impact on Rome Tiber River Mediterranean Sea Apennines Mountains 2.

More information

JOHNSTON IN GREECE, 2018

JOHNSTON IN GREECE, 2018 JOHNSTON IN GREECE, 2018 DAY 1 Welcome to Thessaloniki Transfer from airport. Orientation meeting. Overnight: Thessaloniki at Electra Palace hotel DAY 2 Thessaloniki, Vergina, Dion In the morning we take

More information

Minoan Greeks Mycenaean Hellenic Hellenistic King Minos Thalossocracy

Minoan Greeks Mycenaean Hellenic Hellenistic King Minos Thalossocracy 20/04/2015 3:22 PM The Greeks were the second Mediterranean society to undertake widespread colonization, after the Phoenicians. Relative late-comers to the Aegean World; a high culture existed in the

More information

Unit 6 Ancient Greece

Unit 6 Ancient Greece Unit 6 Ancient Greece Do Now 02/25/19 Make a list of all the things you know about Ancient Greece. Setting the Stage As we prepare for the next six weeks, let s take a sneak peek at Ancient Greece. Ancient

More information

DOWNLOAD OR READ : THE LIFE OF GREECE THE STORY OF CIVILIZATION VOLUME 2 PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI

DOWNLOAD OR READ : THE LIFE OF GREECE THE STORY OF CIVILIZATION VOLUME 2 PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI DOWNLOAD OR READ : THE LIFE OF GREECE THE STORY OF CIVILIZATION VOLUME 2 PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI Page 1 Page 2 the life of greece the story of civilization volume 2 the life of greece pdf the life of greece

More information

DAILY EXCURSIONS & TOURS. BOOK ONLINE

DAILY EXCURSIONS & TOURS. BOOK ONLINE DAILY EXCURSIONS & TOURS BOOK ONLINE www.ammonexpress.gr AGENDA 2017 2018 SUPPORTED BY ΕΝΩΣΗ ΤΟΥΡΙΣΤΙΚΩΝ ΓΡΑΦΕΙΩΝ ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑΣ - ΘΡΑΚΗΣ Who we are AMMON EXPRESS was founded in the winter of 2016, is an innovative

More information

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE - Life of Buddha frieze from Gandhara

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE - Life of Buddha frieze from Gandhara GREEK Geometric Krater Vase (Geometric)1000-700 BC Parthenon (Classical) 480 300 BC Nike of Samothrace (Hellenistic) 300 100 BC ROMAN Augustus Prima Porta Arch of Titus Pantheon GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE - Life

More information

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam

by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam ANCIENT GREECE by Cindy Barden illustrated by Corbin Hillam Author Cindy Barden Illustrator Corbin Hillam Book Design and Production Good Neighbor Press, Inc. Copyright 2002 Milliken Publishing Co. All

More information

The Geography of Greece

The Geography of Greece The Geography of Greece -the development of Greece was heavily influenced by its geography -Greece is a peninsula that extends out into the Mediterranean Sea -there are also many islands surrounding the

More information

Name: Period: Date: Mediterranean Sea , '13"N 18 48'30"E. Nile River , '14.06"N 31 26'27.

Name: Period: Date: Mediterranean Sea , '13N 18 48'30E. Nile River , '14.06N 31 26'27. Name: : Date: Directions: Label the items in this column on the map. Mediterranean Sea 35.603719, 18.808594 35 36'13"N 18 48'30"E Nile River 26.853906, 3440919 26 51'14.06"N 31 26'27.31"E River Current

More information

GOING BACK IN TIME . ACTIVITY A. LESSON 1. Fill in the box. [You may use the Appendix - Irregular Verbs (p.162) for help] start am, are, is go cry

GOING BACK IN TIME . ACTIVITY A. LESSON 1. Fill in the box. [You may use the Appendix - Irregular Verbs (p.162) for help] start am, are, is go cry GOING BACK IN TIME. ACTIVITY A. LESSON 1 Fill in the box. [You may use the Appendix - Irregular Verbs (p.162) for help] PRESENT SIMPLE start am, are, is go cry stop have give die PAST TENSE studied enjoyed

More information

Timeline of Egypt from 3500 BC - 47 BC Holly Romeo and Meghan Maquet

Timeline of Egypt from 3500 BC - 47 BC Holly Romeo and Meghan Maquet Timeline of Egypt from 3500 BC - 47 BC Holly Romeo and Meghan Maquet 3500 BC First evidence of papyrus being made from papyrus reeds 3200 BC Earliest record of sails. Used to transport materials up and

More information

Course Catalog - Spring 2015

Course Catalog - Spring 2015 Course Catalog - Spring 2015 Classical Civilization Classics Department Head: Ariana Trail Department Office: 4080 Foreign Languages Building, 707 South Mathews, Urbana Phone: 333-1008 www.classics.illinois.edu

More information

This theme gives us a way to begin to think and talk about the human figure within Greek Art. It also addresses the Greek search for ideal

This theme gives us a way to begin to think and talk about the human figure within Greek Art. It also addresses the Greek search for ideal This theme gives us a way to begin to think and talk about the human figure within Greek Art. It also addresses the Greek search for ideal mathematical proportions in the figure and in architecture. We

More information

Greco-Roman Civilization

Greco-Roman Civilization Greco-Roman Civilization "had Greek civilization never existed we would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. - W. H Auden

More information

A ROAD TRIP TO GREEK HISTORY Travel to a unique experience, to Ancient Greece, to Modern Greece, to our Greece!

A ROAD TRIP TO GREEK HISTORY Travel to a unique experience, to Ancient Greece, to Modern Greece, to our Greece! A ROAD TRIP TO GREEK HISTORY Travel to a unique experience, to Ancient Greece, to Modern Greece, to our Greece! EXCURSIONS & TOURS BOOK ONLINE www.ammonexpress.gr WINTER 2018-2019 DAILY SUPPORTED BY ΕΝΩΣΗ

More information

ARTH 699. Research Seminar - Greek and Roman Marvels, Wonders, and Triumphs Books to buy now Loeb Classical Texts FORGET

ARTH 699. Research Seminar - Greek and Roman Marvels, Wonders, and Triumphs Books to buy now Loeb Classical Texts FORGET ARTH 699. Research Seminar - Greek and Roman Marvels, Wonders, and Triumphs. Thursdays 430-710. Professor: Carol C. Mattusch Mattusch@GMU.edu Robinson B 373A. Of the ancient World Wonders the Egyptian

More information

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Age of Pericles 461-429 Athens reaches peak of power" Democracy also reaches peak" Prosperity and stability, glorifying Athens" 1 Age of Pericles 461-429

More information

6500 BCE Wheat cultivated in Greece 2200 BCE Minoan Civilization begins on Crete 1600 BCE Mycenaean Civilization begins on the Peloponnesus

6500 BCE Wheat cultivated in Greece 2200 BCE Minoan Civilization begins on Crete 1600 BCE Mycenaean Civilization begins on the Peloponnesus A Brief History 6500 BCE Wheat cultivated in Greece 2200 BCE Minoan Civilization begins on Crete 1600 BCE Mycenaean Civilization begins on the Peloponnesus 1300 BCE Mycenaean expansion Magna Grecia and

More information

Carmella Van Vleet Illustrated by Alex Kim

Carmella Van Vleet Illustrated by Alex Kim Carmella Van Vleet Illustrated by Alex Kim contents Introduction Where in the World Was Ancient Greece? 1 chapter 1 Welcome Home! 12 chapter 2 Let s Eat! 21 chapter 3 Clothes 31 chapter 4 School, Socrates,

More information

The Trojan War: Real or Myth?

The Trojan War: Real or Myth? The Trojan War: Real or Myth? By History.com on 08.10.17 Word Count 746 Level MAX The procession of the Trojan Horse into Troy by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, oil on canvas. Painted in 1727. Image from Wikimedia.

More information

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C.

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C. The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan

More information

Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE

Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE Ancient Greece By Anne Pearson READ ONLINE If searched for the ebook Ancient Greece by Anne Pearson in pdf form, in that case you come on to the right website. We furnish full edition of this book in epub,

More information

Social Studies Grade 6 Benchmark 3

Social Studies Grade 6 Benchmark 3 Social Studies Grade 6 Benchmark 3 1) Why were the aristocrats of the Greek citystates able to control the economy? A The king let them have control. B They had slaves to enforce laws. C They were the

More information