Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture. Homer s Iliad. Books 6, 9

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture. Homer s Iliad. Books 6, 9"

Transcription

1 Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Homer s Iliad Books 6, 9

2 Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Aegean Sea, Egypt, Phoenicia, Peloponnesus, Ionia, Crete, Cyprus, Delphi, Mycenae, Pylos, Troy, Aulis, Hellespont

3

4

5 Historical periods: overview c B.C. Late Bronze Age = Mycenaean Age c B.C. Iron Age (= Dark Age) c B.C. Archaic Period c B.C. Classical Period (begins with defeat of Persians, ends with Alexander the Great) "Homer" "wrote" the poems ca. 750 B.C.

6 How did the ancient Greeks read the Iliad? 1. Classical Greece (fifth and fourth centuries: ca B.C.) Rhapsodes, at festivals and before large crowds memorized the Iliad and Odyssey () cf. Plato, Ion: rhapsode dressed in tremendous finery, with a golden wreath on the head, a ceremonial staff; a striking presence with the air of a religious figure. 20,000 people.

7 How did the ancient Greeks read the Iliad? 2. Archaic Greece (eighth through sixth centuries B.C.) cf. folktales : Eumaeus (swineherd) in Odyssey 15: a vivid image of the age-old story swapping session: "Listen in silence and enjoy yourself; sit there and drink your wine. These nights are endless. A man can sleep, or enjoy listening to stories; no need for you to go to bed before it is time. A lot of sleep is a bore." But Iliad and Odyssey are not that.

8 How did the ancient Greeks read the Iliad? 3. Iron Age Greece (1200 through 750 B.C.) verse sung as original compositions by professional poets Bard / Singer = aioidos, "singing" to the lyre. cf. Demodocus in Odyssey book 8 Generally, entertainers are treated as lowlife, but singers are treated with respect "cherished by the people", "loved by the Muse" Odysseus personally sends Demodocus a gift of meat, praises him lavishly, and declares that singers must be cherished and revered, b/c the Muse has taught them and loves them. (Muse: inspiration: memory: where in Iliad?) Singing as a form of enchantment, a transport to a magical land of old, a yesteryear of gods, heroes, and heroic conflicts and ideals. Chanted or sung to the lyre: chanting, hypnotizing, magical, almost religious?

9 How did the ancient Greeks read the Iliad? Sung in dactylic hexameter verse (very strict, like the English sonnet) mênin aeide thea pêlêiadeô Achilêos - 6 beats Similarities and differences between the rhapsode of later times, and an aioidos like Homer. Similar: professional, awe-inspiring, enrapts the audience Different: lyre, audience & context, original composition vs memorized Homeric bard was illiterate (), making up the verses as he goes along a kind of traditional oral poetry

10 How did the ancient Greeks read the Iliad? formulaic poetry: "brilliant Odysseus", "godlike Achilles" or "Peleus' son" or "Achilles of the swift feet", "the son of Atreus Agamemnon", "man-slaughtering Hector" short: Beside the swift ships sat godlike Achilles... medium: Drawing his sword Peleus' son Achilles... long: In anger did Achilles of the swift feet... Milman Parry and the oral poetry hypothesis Convincing parallels in Serbo-Croatia and Turkey (video next time)

11 How did the ancient Greeks read the Iliad? Formulaic Poetry: Not just formulaic lines however ("brilliant Odysseus", "godlike Achilles" or "Peleus' son" or "Achilles of the swift feet", "the son of Atreus Agamemnon", "manslaughtering Hector ) Type scenes Examples: sacrificing, feasting, suppliants Note: type scenes tend to reflect what is socially normalizing Paradigmatic/exemplary tales complex tales that reflect on proper/improper behaviors, often with relevance to the main plot line, but usually not exactly parallel

12 Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Homer s Iliad Book 6 Hector and Andromache General character: Lingfei

13 Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Homer s Iliad Book 6 The principal new characters are: Diomedes, son of Tydeus (the great Greek warrior who is the focus of book 5) Glaucus, Trojan hero who exchanges his golden armor for Diomedes' bronze armor Bellerophon, ancestor of Glaucus Hekabe/Hecuba, wife of Trojan king Priam, mother of Hector (and many others) Andromache, wife of Hector Astyanax, infant son of Hector (name ironically means defender of the city )

14 Type Scene Suppliant scene Book 6 lines 46ff (pp. 159f) Menelaus, Agamemnon

15 Paradagmatic/Exemplary Tale Bellerophon story Glaukos and Diomedes the son of Tydeus Book 6 lines 144ff (pp. 163ff) key terms, elements: leaves simile, xenia = guest friendship (Bellerophon and Proitos, also Diomedes and Glaukos), woman s seduction/deceit, baleful/deadly signs, heroic labors (cf labors of Hercules/Herakles), trading gold for bronze 1. Relation to Paris? 2. Relation to Hektor? 3. Juxtaposition with what comes next? Generations of leaves: esp. Zhifan, also Qin, Wenjia, Lingfei, Arabella.

16 Hector and Andromache Episode 1. Mother (Hekabê/Hecuba) 2. Sister-in-law, seductress (Helen) 3. Wife and child (Andromache and Astyanax) Andromache as mad woman: Jerry ( reasonable ) Hector: let the heaped up earth hide me, did, before I hear your cry as they drag you away : Yi. Compare Helen and Andromache: Arabella

17 Hector and Andromache Episode 1. Mother (Hekabê/Hecuba) 2. Sister-in-law, seductress (Helen) 3. Wife and child (Andromache and Astyanax) How does the domestic scene here contrast with those we've seen elsewhere (i.e., the scenes on Olympus, as at the end of book 1)?

18 Hector and Andromache Episode How does the domestic scene here contrast with those we've seen elsewhere (i.e., the scenes on Olympus, as at the end of book 1)? real humanness, not a caricature seen through the eyes of the Trojans, the enemy, the victims Hector s kindness towards Helen; realistic assessment of the military situation; warmness towards wife and son parting statement on the mortality of man and the necessity to do one's duty in life Paris as stallion: esp. Wingjia, Ted, also Lingfei,.

19

20 Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Homer s Iliad Book 9 The Embassy

21 Homer s Iliad Book 9 The Embassy atê - "blind folly": clouds a man's sense of what is right and makes him err against his will: both Agamemnon and Achilles exhibit this in book 1 timê - "honor" in the sense of the status, respect, or dignity that the community assigns you: similar to our word prestige" geras - the "prize" which is the objective sign of timê kleos - the "fame" or "glory" the hero seeks, but this too is oddly bound up with objective signs of the glory: see the centrality of gifts in the Meleager tale by Phoenix, lines 586ff, or in Ajax s brief remarks at 618ff (and cf. the odd details in the Dolon episode, where Diomedes and Odysseus seem equally interested in the "glory" of the daring exploit and the "glory" of the prized horses they bring back as the sign of that exploit) hybris (or hubris) - the "arrogance" of a man that does not know his limits: he does not regard the motto of the temple of Apollo at Delphi, to "know thyself", that is, to understand how one is limited by the mortal condition: we are not gods, we are social animals that must confine ourselves to prescribed social behaviors, etc.

22 Homer s Iliad Book 9 The Embassy Gift exchange, gift giving, gifts as the basis of timê in the shame culture, in a way very different from our internal evaluation of what is worthy"or honorable in our guilt culture

23 Homer s Iliad Book 9 The Embassy The "gift attack : Agamemnon, lines110ff Odysseus, line 263ff: what is different about Odysseus' speech? (1) beginning, (2) end Achilles' reply: Radical? Rebellion? A new standard? lines 305ff. lines 310ff The "choice of Achilles" - kleos or life - lines 406ff Reply to his teacher Phoenix - a new kind of timê? - lines 597ff Like a bird, lines : esp. Zhifan, Wenjia, Jerry, also Qin, Wenjia, Arabella.

24

Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture. Homer s Iliad. Final Preliminaries

Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture. Homer s Iliad. Final Preliminaries Clst 181SK Ancient Greece and the Origins of Western Culture Homer s Iliad Final Preliminaries Review: Mesopotamia,Phoenicia, Crete, Cyprus, Delphi, Peloponnesus, Ionia Aulis Review: Knossos, Mycenae,

More information

B.C. Amphora with Chariot Race

B.C. Amphora with Chariot Race About 330 B.C. Volute Krater with Dionysos Visiting Hades and Persephone 550-530 B.C. Amphora with Chariot Race 500-450 B.C. Corinthian-style Helmet Lived circa 800 B.C. Blind poet (AKA Bard, meaning a

More information

The odyssey. an introduction by David Adams Leeming

The odyssey. an introduction by David Adams Leeming The odyssey an introduction by David Adams Leeming Almost 3,000 years ago, people who lived in the starkly beautiful part of the world we now call Greece were telling stories about a great war. The person

More information

The Odyssey. Now I will avow that men call me Odysseus, Sacker of Cities, Laertes' son, a Prince of the Achaeans," said the Wanderer.

The Odyssey. Now I will avow that men call me Odysseus, Sacker of Cities, Laertes' son, a Prince of the Achaeans, said the Wanderer. The Odyssey as told by Homer translated by Robert Fitzgerald English I "Now I will avow that men call me Odysseus Sacker of Cities Now I will avow that men call me Odysseus, Sacker of Cities, Laertes'

More information

The Minoans and Mycenaeans. Who were they? Where did they come from? What did they accomplish? Where did they go?

The Minoans and Mycenaeans. Who were they? Where did they come from? What did they accomplish? Where did they go? The Minoans and Mycenaeans Who were they? Where did they come from? What did they accomplish? Where did they go? Minoan civilization arose on the island of Crete. Legacy (or gift from the past) Their legacy

More information

The Iliad and the Odyssey, Part 1

The Iliad and the Odyssey, Part 1 The Iliad and the Odyssey, Part 1 By Vickie Chao Homer was the most famous poet in the whole of ancient Greece. But he was a mysterious man, too. For centuries, scholars had no idea exactly when he lived

More information

DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978

DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 October 27, 2014 DO NOW: Pick up the map of Eastern Europe pg 978 I can... Analyze my unit 2 exam and discuss what I could improve upon Examine the civilizations of the Minoans and Phoenicians Explain

More information

History Lesson 4 The Rise of Ancient Greece (Grade 6) Instruction 4-1 Aegean Civilizations (Grade 6)

History Lesson 4 The Rise of Ancient Greece (Grade 6) Instruction 4-1 Aegean Civilizations (Grade 6) History Lesson 4 Greece is often considered the birthplace of Western civilization. It gave us: Democracy, Trial by Jury, The Theatre (Tragedy and Comedy), and The Olympic Games. The Greeks also made lasting

More information

Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want

Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want Trojan War Actors at their best (I can look at an event from different perspectives and act out what can happen when two different civilizations want the same thing.) The Mycenaeans Hello Mycenaeans! Originally

More information

Lessons & Activities for the Elementary & Middle School Focusing on Ancient Greek Language and Culture

Lessons & Activities for the Elementary & Middle School Focusing on Ancient Greek Language and Culture Lessons & Activities for the Elementary & Middle School Focusing on Ancient Greek Language and Culture Compiled and Edited by: Matthew D. Webb Materials by: Ms. Kristen L. Boose, Assistant Director Ms.

More information

Iliad: The Story Of Achilles (Library Edition) By Homer

Iliad: The Story Of Achilles (Library Edition) By Homer Iliad: The Story Of Achilles (Library Edition) By Homer If searching for the book Iliad: The Story of Achilles (Library Edition) by Homer in pdf form, in that case you come on to the right site. We present

More information

Ancient Greece BCE

Ancient Greece BCE Ancient Greece 1600 550 BCE Ancient Greece MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION 1600 1100 BCE Who were the Greeks Shared language Settled the Greek Peninsula 2000 BCE From Balkan region north of present day Greece From

More information

αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece)

αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) αρχαία Ελλάδα (Ancient Greece) The Birthplace of Western Civilization Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Three AA Neolithic Europe Europe s earliest farming

More information

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C.

The Myth of Troy. Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people. Trojan War, 1200 B.C. The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan

More information

THE GIFT THAT HID A NASTY SURPRISE The war between the Greek and Trojan armies finally ended last week when the Greeks used a cunning trick to mount

THE GIFT THAT HID A NASTY SURPRISE The war between the Greek and Trojan armies finally ended last week when the Greeks used a cunning trick to mount THE GIFT THAT HID A NASTY SURPRISE The war between the Greek and Trojan armies finally ended last week when the Greeks used a cunning trick to mount a surprise attack. This ends a drama that began nearly

More information

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173

Ancient Greece. Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods

More information

An Introduction to The Odyssey

An Introduction to The Odyssey If we are fortunate, if the gods and muses are smiling, about every generation someone comes along to inspire the imagination for the journey each of us takes. --Bill Moyers The blind poet Homer. Detail

More information

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars

WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing the influence of geography on Greek

More information

The Twelve Olympian Gods

The Twelve Olympian Gods Greek Mythology The ancient Greeks practiced polytheism, the worship of many gods or deities. A deity is a being with supernatural powers. Unlike the gods of Egypt, Greek gods looked-- and behaved-- like

More information

Pericles Plan: 461 to 429 B.C. - Age of Pericles Three goals: (1)strengthen Athenian democracy (2)strengthen the empire (3)glorify Athens

Pericles Plan: 461 to 429 B.C. - Age of Pericles Three goals: (1)strengthen Athenian democracy (2)strengthen the empire (3)glorify Athens 1. Notebook Entry: Golden Age 2. What makes something golden? EQ: How does Greece fit our model of a Classical Civilization? By the end of class are objectives are to: - identify Pericles three goals for

More information

Level: DRA: Genre: Strategy: Skill: Word Count: Online Leveled Books HOUGHTON MIFFLIN

Level: DRA: Genre: Strategy: Skill: Word Count: Online Leveled Books HOUGHTON MIFFLIN HOUGHTON MIFFLIN by Edwin Hernandez Illustrated by Arvis Stewart ILLUSTRATION CREDITS: 5 Joe LeMonnier / Melissa Turk PHOTOGRAPHY CREDIT: Bkgrnd 2, 5, 11, 18 Bob Ainsworth Copyright by Houghton Mifflin

More information

JASON, MEDEA and the ARGONAUTS saga

JASON, MEDEA and the ARGONAUTS saga JASON, MEDEA and the ARGONAUTS saga Quest for the Golden Fleece by Jason and the crew of Argo. How did the Golden Fleece come to the picture? MYTHIC BACKGROUND OF THE STORY: Athamas (Boiotian king) took

More information

10.1 Beliefs. pp Essential Question: What makes the Greek s culture unique? Standard 6.56

10.1 Beliefs. pp Essential Question: What makes the Greek s culture unique? Standard 6.56 10.1 Beliefs pp. 270-272 Essential Question: What makes the Greek s culture unique? Standard 6.56 Success Criteria: 1. What is the body of stories about Greek gods and heroes? 2. Who is the king of the

More information

THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE

THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE Mr. Stobaugh Pericles Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government Pericles From about 460 to 429 B.C. he was the leader of the Athenian government

More information

Sunday, February 9, 14 GREEK MYTHOLOGY

Sunday, February 9, 14 GREEK MYTHOLOGY GREEK MYTHOLOGY Where is Greece? Greece is a country located in southern europe It is on the southern edge of the Balkan Peninsula It is surrounded by the ionian, aegean, and mediterranean seas What is

More information

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today.

Ancient Greece. The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue to influence culture, science, and politics in the world today. MAIN IDEA The ancient Greeks developed a complex society, with remarkable achievements in the arts, sciences, and government. Ancient Greece WHY IT MATTERS NOW The achievements of the ancient Greeks continue

More information

The Story of Ancient Greece

The Story of Ancient Greece The Story of Ancient Greece Think about as you read 1. How were the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta different? 2. How was Athens a democracy? 3. What did the people of ancient Greece give the world?

More information

soon after being placed in the ocean (Tripp, ).

soon after being placed in the ocean (Tripp, ). The Trojan War The Apple of Discord The Trojan War has its roots in the marriage between Peleus and Thetis, a sea-goddess. Peleus and Thetis had not invited Eris, the goddess of discord, to their marriage

More information

The Golden Apple. . and the judgment of Paris. The story begins at the wedding of Peleus and The=s.

The Golden Apple. . and the judgment of Paris. The story begins at the wedding of Peleus and The=s. The Trojan War The Golden Apple. and the judgment of Paris. The story begins at the wedding of Peleus and The=s. Peleus was a hero The=s was a sea- nymph Many Olympians aaended this glorious day because

More information

Study Guide. By John O Neil. Wheelock Family Theatre 200 The Riverway Boston, MA

Study Guide. By John O Neil. Wheelock Family Theatre 200 The Riverway Boston, MA Study Guide By John O Neil Wheelock Family Theatre 200 The Riverway Boston, MA 02215 www.wheelockfamilytheatre.org The Play Helen on 86th Street is an adaptation by Nicole Kempskie and Robby Stamper of

More information

Homer. Portrait of Homer. Encyclopedia of World Biography, December 12, 1998 Nationality: Greek Occupation: Poet

Homer. Portrait of Homer. Encyclopedia of World Biography, December 12, 1998 Nationality: Greek Occupation: Poet Overview - Homer Homer Encyclopedia of World Biography, December 12, 1998 Nationality: Greek Occupation: Poet Homer, the major figure in ancient Greek literature, has been universally acclaimed as the

More information

There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture: (found at the Parthenon),, and

There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture: (found at the Parthenon),, and Columns Unit 4: Greece Notes WHI/RichmondYarbrough Greek architecture is renowned for its use of large, stately in construction. There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture: (found

More information

Chapter 5: Ancient Greece

Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Sites of Ancient Greece Geometric Art Dipylon Krater The paintings on the vase are some of the earliest examples of Greek figure painting. Human figure and animals are represented

More information

Tour of the Holy Lands - Mycenae

Tour of the Holy Lands - Mycenae Tour of the Holy Lands - Mycenae Perseus PELOPONNESOS Corinth Olympia Mycenae Athens Sparta Now that we have seen Olympia and passed by Sparta, our next stop is Mycenae - one of the oldest cities in the

More information

H. A. Shapiro, Myth into Art: Poet and Painter in Classical Greece (London, New York: Routledge, 1994), 7.

H. A. Shapiro, Myth into Art: Poet and Painter in Classical Greece (London, New York: Routledge, 1994), 7. The Trojan War in Greek Art Taylor Yangas Iliad is far-reaching and intense on many levels. It had a major influence on the societies that followed the story, especially Greek society. Ancient Greek memory

More information

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE

GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS: GREEK ARCHITECTURE Setting the Stage- After Persian War: Athens comes out leader Creates Delian League Uses money to glorify Athens GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE/ATHENS Pericles Legacy: -

More information

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com

Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) OwlTeacher.com Ancient Greece (1750 B.C. 133 B.C.) The Minoans The Minoans established a brilliant early civilization on the island of Crete. The Minoans traded with Egypt and Mesopotamia. They acquired ideas and technology

More information

Home work. Fill in the Blanks Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION

Home work. Fill in the Blanks Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION Date: 1 THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION The ancient G introduced many valuable i that i the way we live today. The Greeks lived on a small, rocky p in southeast E. They were unable to f most of their

More information

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece

Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece 1 Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece Name Date Block Greek Geography The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. Locations and places

More information

Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta

Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta Life in Two City-States: Athens and Sparta What were the major differences between Athens and Sparta? P R E V I E W Examine the two illustrations of ancient Greek city-states your teacher will show you.

More information

Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter 10: Mediterranean Society The Greek Phase Due: Wednesday, September 16, 2015 Chapter Overview Although the Greeks did not build a centralized state until the short reign of Alexander of Macedon,

More information

Characters and Motivations Book Thirteen

Characters and Motivations Book Thirteen Characters and Motivations Book Thirteen As you read Book Thirteen, record the major descriptions, actions, motivations, and key quotations of Odysseus. Description of Episode Character Traits Actions

More information

Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n

Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n 3 Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n Hellenistic Period (Alexander s Empire) Vocabulary n Allegory

More information

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled?

Mycenaean Civilization Develops 4. Mycenaean people were who migrated from the Eurasian Steppes. How was Mycenae ruled? Name Hour Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. What does the statement Greeks did not live on land,

More information

LECTURE: GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE

LECTURE: GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE THE TROJAN WAR AND THE ORIGINS OF GREECE I) The Illiad a. Greatest epic poem in literature b. Homer, blind poet, tells the story the Trojan War i. Greeks lay siege to Troy for ten years because Paris of

More information

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age

Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece s Golden Age Age of Pericles 461-429 Athens reaches peak of power" Democracy also reaches peak" Prosperity and stability, glorifying Athens" 1 Age of Pericles 461-429

More information

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9)

Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,

More information

Target. List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization

Target. List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization The Minoans Target List and describe the government, religion, economy, and contributions of the Minoan civilization The Aegean Civilization Illiad and the Odyssey Homer Did the people and places really

More information

Hellenistic Key Points:

Hellenistic Key Points: Hellenistic Greece Hellenistic Key Points: The fall of the Greek culture is indicated in their artwork Artists look to the individual real people (not the idealized gods) Melodramatic pathos Individual

More information

Tour of the Holy Lands - Delphi

Tour of the Holy Lands - Delphi Tour of the Holy Lands - Delphi The next stop on our journey through Greece is Delphi, which, in Greek, is not pronounced the way you think it is! In the Greek language, the "D" sounds like "Th" so Delphi

More information

Greco-Roman Civilization

Greco-Roman Civilization Greco-Roman Civilization "had Greek civilization never existed we would never have become fully conscious, which is to say that we would never have become, for better or worse, fully human. - W. H Auden

More information

Topic Page: Achilles (Greek mythology)

Topic Page: Achilles (Greek mythology) Topic Page: Achilles (Greek mythology) Definition: Achilles from Philip's Encyclopedia In the Greek epic tradition, a formidable warrior, the most fearless Greek fighter of the Trojan War and the hero

More information

THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS BCE

THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS BCE THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS 500-450 BCE By Mrs. Erin C. Ryan 2016 Who was Herodotus? Herodotus (c. 484 425/413 BCE) was a traveler and writer who invented the field of study known today as history. He was called

More information

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Lighthouse of Alexandria. The Colossus of Rhodes. Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Lighthouse of Alexandria. The Colossus of Rhodes. Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Lighthouse of Alexandria The Colossus of Rhodes Hanging Gardens of Babylon Please note: this PDF is copyrighted by Montessori for Everyone and is free for personal use

More information

A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars

A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars A Tale of Two Cities A Tale of Two Wars Persian War Athens & Sparta vs. Persian Empire Peloponnesian War Athens vs. Sparta Brief History of Greece The first great civilization in Greece and Crete was the

More information

Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question

Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question Name Date Section Geography of Ancient Greece Document Based Question The question is based on the accompanying documents on the following pages. This question is designed to test your ability to work

More information

CONTENTS. Preface... 5

CONTENTS. Preface... 5 CONTENTS Preface... 5 Crete and the Civilization of the Early Aegean World... 11 I The Mediterranean World...13 II Crete...15 1 Legends of Crete...15 2 The Palaces of Crete...18 3 Dress... 20 4 Religion

More information

Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths Of The Gods, Goddesses, And Heroes - Zeus, Hercules And The Olympians By Elaine Margera

Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths Of The Gods, Goddesses, And Heroes - Zeus, Hercules And The Olympians By Elaine Margera Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths Of The Gods, Goddesses, And Heroes - Zeus, Hercules And The Olympians By Elaine Margera If you are searching for a book Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths of the Gods, Goddesses,

More information

The Golden Age of Athens

The Golden Age of Athens The Golden Age of Athens What were the major cultural achievements of Athens? P R E V I E W In Athens, public funerals were held for soldiers who had died in battle. In 430 B.C.E., after a difficult year

More information

Arrival in Athens Athens Mycenae, Nafplion Delphi

Arrival in Athens Athens Mycenae, Nafplion Delphi Duration: 7Days / 6Nights Classical Wonders of Greece Day1 Day2 Day3 Day4 Day5 Day6 Day7 Arrival in Athens Athens Mycenae, Nafplion Delphi Kalambaka Athens Departure & Olympia Tour Highlights; -Athens

More information

The Trial of Theseus

The Trial of Theseus The Trial of Theseus a manual for people who read manuals Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Gameplay a. Wandering i. Maze ii. How to Find the Beast iii. Minotaur Tracking System iv. Minotaur Sight b.

More information

Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths Of The Gods, Goddesses, And Heroes - Zeus, Hercules And The Olympians By Elaine Margera

Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths Of The Gods, Goddesses, And Heroes - Zeus, Hercules And The Olympians By Elaine Margera Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths Of The Gods, Goddesses, And Heroes - Zeus, Hercules And The Olympians By Elaine Margera If you are searching for a ebook by Elaine Margera Greek Mythology: Ancient Myths

More information

Egyptian Achievements

Egyptian Achievements N4 SECTION Egyptian Achievements What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. The Egyptians developed a writing system using hieroglyphics. 2. The Egyptians created magnificent temples, tombs, and works of art. The

More information

The Trojan War: Part One

The Trojan War: Part One Hera = Juno Athena = Minerva Aphrodite = Venus Zeus = Jupiter, Jove Hermes = Mercury The Trojan War: Part One An epic poem is a long narrative that relates the deeds of heroes. Many of the stories of the

More information

PLATO Course Art History and Appreciation > Pretest Unit 2. Question 1. Question 2. Question 3. Question 4. Name: Date: Instructor:

PLATO Course Art History and Appreciation > Pretest Unit 2. Question 1. Question 2. Question 3. Question 4. Name: Date: Instructor: PLATO Course Art History and Appreciation > Pretest Unit 2 Name: Date: Instructor: Question 1 How was the Neolithic period different from the Paleolithic period? People moved from a nomadic life to a stable

More information

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies

Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Pages 232 234 Island of Crete 2000 BCE Knossos most notable Located in Pelopennesus (southern Balkan Peninsula) Written language: Linear A undecipherable Traded with other

More information

Tour of the Holy Lands - Athens. Delphi. Corinth

Tour of the Holy Lands - Athens. Delphi. Corinth Tour of the Holy Lands - Athens Delphi Sounion Athens Olympia Mycenae Corinth PELOPONNESE As we leave the Corinth Canal, our bus is driving east, following the coastline on our right. Next stop: Athens!

More information

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos

city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos citizen - a person who is part of a certain society; in Greece, only

More information

- Credits - Sample file. Green Ronin Publishing. P.O. Box 1723 Renton, WA Web Site:

- Credits - Sample file. Green Ronin Publishing. P.O. Box 1723 Renton, WA Web Site: - Credits - Design: Aaron Rosenberg Additional Design: Robert J Schwalb (Cerberus, Legendary Animals, additional Captains of Legend), Scott Bennie (original Mass Combat and Piety rules from Testament:

More information

FROM Book 1: The Quarrel

FROM Book 1: The Quarrel FROM Book 1: The Quarrel [As Book 1 of Homer's epic opens, a terrible disease is raging through the Greek ip. It has been caused by the god Apollo, who is angry at Agamemnon, chief of -"'-- Greek army.

More information

SEMESTER AT SEA COURSE SYLLABUS

SEMESTER AT SEA COURSE SYLLABUS Voyage: Summer 2013 Discipline: Art History Course Title: Mediterranean Art and Myth Course Number: ARTH 3591 Faculty Name: Tyler Jo Smith Pre-requisites: none SEMESTER AT SEA COURSE SYLLABUS COURSE DESCRIPTION

More information

Homer s Iliad via the Movie Troy (2004)

Homer s Iliad via the Movie Troy (2004) 23 November 2017 Homer s Iliad via the Movie Troy (2004) PROFESSOR EDITH HALL One of the most successful movies of 2004 was Troy, directed by Wolfgang Petersen and starring Brad Pitt as Achilles. Troy

More information

The Hysterical History of the Trojan War BY D. M. LARSON PROVIDED BY FREEDRAMA.NET

The Hysterical History of the Trojan War BY D. M. LARSON PROVIDED BY FREEDRAMA.NET The Hysterical History of the Trojan War BY D. M. LARSON PROVIDED BY FREEDRAMA.NET The script may be printed and copied for free. There is no charge to use the play. 1. All programs, posters, etc. should

More information

COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS H356 (H 456): Ancient Macedon to the Death of Alexander the Great

COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS H356 (H 456): Ancient Macedon to the Death of Alexander the Great COLLEGE YEAR IN ATHENS H356 (H 456): Ancient Macedon to the Death of Alexander the Great Tuesday - Thursday 11.00 12.35 Instructor: Dr. John Karavas Course Description/Objectives Through the study of the

More information

Athens, the capital of Greece

Athens, the capital of Greece Ancient Greece Where is Greece? In Europe Athens, the capital of Greece What does our government in the United States have in common with ancient Greece? 1. democracy: the people vote for leaders 2. architecture:

More information

en route THE SNAIL AND THE WHALE THE NEW VICTORY THEATER / NEWVICTORY.ORG/SCHOOLTOOLS INSIDE BEFORE EN ROUTE BEYOND AFTER

en route THE SNAIL AND THE WHALE THE NEW VICTORY THEATER / NEWVICTORY.ORG/SCHOOLTOOLS INSIDE BEFORE EN ROUTE BEYOND AFTER This section is part of a full New Victory School Tool TM Resource Guide. For the complete guide, including information about the New Victory Education Department check out: NEWVICTORY.ORG/SCHOOLTOOLS

More information

The Gift of the Magi

The Gift of the Magi The Gift of the Magi and Other Stories O. HENRY Level 1 Retold by Nancy Taylor Series Editors: Andy Hopkins and Jocelyn Potter Introduction "How can I buy a special Christmas gift for Jim with $1.87? What

More information

Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot

Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot Greece: A History By Alexander Eliot - A History Of Greece - medulla.store - Browse and Read A History Of Greece A History Of Greece Will reading habit influence your life? Many say yes. Reading a history

More information

Alhama de Murcia, Spain

Alhama de Murcia, Spain Alhama de Murcia, Spain Paramount Park Murcia Overview of the Paramount Park & LifeStyle Center Project After deep studies, the privileged Region of Murcia and in particular the spectacular area of Alhama

More information

Table of Contents. Introduction: Dear Teacher...1 Introduction: Dear Student...1 By Definition We Find...2

Table of Contents. Introduction: Dear Teacher...1 Introduction: Dear Student...1 By Definition We Find...2 Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction: Dear Teacher...1 Introduction: Dear Student...1 By Definition We Find...2...3 Activities...7 Animal Wonders...12 Animal Wonders Activities...15 Art Wonders...18

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Troy. KEY Ancient Greece ASIA MINOR. 100 miles km Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection

NAME DATE CLASS. Troy. KEY Ancient Greece ASIA MINOR. 100 miles km Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection Lesson 1 Rise of Greek Civilization ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the lives of the early Greeks? 2. How

More information

The Greek Myths By Robert Graves

The Greek Myths By Robert Graves The Greek Myths By Robert Graves Greek Mythology And A Better Society HuffPost - The Greeks thought of mythology no different than early history. A myth, after all, was a story told and passed on by word

More information

ATHLETRIES The Unknown History of Ancient Greek Women Athletes Take-home Exam

ATHLETRIES The Unknown History of Ancient Greek Women Athletes Take-home Exam ATHLETRIES The Unknown History of Ancient Greek Women Athletes Take-home Exam Below are a list of questions regarding ancient women athletes. The questions are based on the book: Athletries: The Unknown

More information

Chapter 5 Greek Sculpture

Chapter 5 Greek Sculpture Chapter 5 Greek Sculpture CONTEXT: Geography: Isolation of Greek city-states along a coast line and island = self reliance and an emphasis on the individual Religion: Greeks viewed their gods as idealized

More information

The Aegean World. Trading partners with the Ancient Egyptians and the Near Eastern cultures.

The Aegean World. Trading partners with the Ancient Egyptians and the Near Eastern cultures. The Aegean World This period is the time described by the ancient Greek poet Homer in his epic poem the Iliad. Composed around 750 BC, it was unquestionably the first great work of Greek literature. The

More information

2011 Ancient History HSC Examination Sample Answers

2011 Ancient History HSC Examination Sample Answers 2011 Ancient History HSC Examination Sample Answers When examination committees develop questions for the examination, they may write sample answers or, in the case of some questions, answers could include.

More information

The Life Of Greece By Will Durant

The Life Of Greece By Will Durant The Life Of Greece By Will Durant The misery of everyday life in Greece - The Week - The country's deep debt and punishing austerity measures have had a devastating impact on everyday life. Here's what

More information

Trojan War. Cast. A Play about the Story of the

Trojan War. Cast. A Play about the Story of the A Play about the Story of the Trojan War Written by Mr. Freewalt and his Seventh Grade Social Studies classes Based on the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer c. 750 BC, The Aeneid, written by Virgil

More information

Oracle of Delphi. Baylee Duarte

Oracle of Delphi. Baylee Duarte Oracle of Delphi Baylee Duarte According to Legend.. The hill was guarded by a giant serpent called Python, who was a follower of the cult of Gaia (mother Earth), for hundreds of years. After killing Python,

More information

Stuff in the Road. A Trip to Greece with Adriatic Mototours. September 19 - October Dick Klehm

Stuff in the Road. A Trip to Greece with Adriatic Mototours. September 19 - October Dick Klehm Stuff in the Road A Trip to Greece with Adriatic Mototours September 19 - October 6 2010 2010 Dick Klehm This was one of the best trips I ve ever taken, and it was made so by the professionals at Adriatic

More information

the best summer events in burgas

the best summer events in burgas the best summer events in burgas The summer which leaves lasting memories. It is a real pleasure to relax from everyday life and enjoy it all. This is achieved in a not so big, but beautiful, calm and

More information

Warring City-States. Chapter 5, Section 2

Warring City-States. Chapter 5, Section 2 Warring City-States Chapter 5, Section 2 Rule and Order in Greek City- States Polis city state, fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece. - most controlled 50 to 500 square miles. - less than 10,000

More information

Greek Mythology and Literature

Greek Mythology and Literature N3 SECTION Greek Mythology and Literature What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. The Greeks created myths to explain the world. 2. Ancient Greek literature provides some of the world s greatest poems and stories.

More information

The Persian Wars. Section 1 Introduction

The Persian Wars. Section 1 Introduction Section 1 Introduction In the 400s B.C.E., the vast Persian Empire extended from the Middle East and northeastern Africa to modern-day Pakistan. The Persians wanted to claim Greece as well. In the 400s

More information

The Visual Cultures of Classical Greece. Prof. Dimitris Plantzos

The Visual Cultures of Classical Greece. Prof. Dimitris Plantzos The Visual Cultures of Classical Greece Prof. Dimitris Plantzos The Visual Cultures of Classical Greece What is Greek about Greek art? Commemorating the dead in Early Greece. Gifts to the gods in Greek

More information