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1 1. One way in which the Justinian Code and the Napoleonic Code are similar is that both A) made slavery unacceptable B) gave people a set of rules to follow C) treated all equally under the law D) provided for religious freedom 2. The strategic location of the Byzantine Empire allowed control of the key trade routes between the A) South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca B) Caspian Sea and the Indian Ocean C) North Sea and the English Channel D) Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea 3. Base your answer to the following question on the photograph below and on your knowledge of social Which civilization most influenced the style of Russian architecture shown in this photograph? A) Umayyad B) Byzantine C) French D) Persian 4. Which region had the greatest influence on the historical and cultural development of the Byzantine Empire? A) Mesoamerica B) India C) Rome D) Egypt 5. The Byzantine Empire influenced the development of Russia by A) preventing Mongol invasions B) destroying the power of the legislature C) establishing the potato as a staple food D) introducing Eastern Orthodox beliefs

2 6. Base your answer to the following question on the photographs below and on your knowledge of social The cultural contributions shown in these photographs were developed during the A) Mesopotamian civilizations C) Tang dynasty B) Pax Romana D) Byzantine Empire 7. Which historic figure is correctly paired with the empire he ruled? A) B) C) D) Charlemagne Spanish Empire Peter the Great Ottoman Empire Justinian Byzantine Empire Sulieman the Magnificent Russian Empire

3 8. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social Which conclusion about the Roman world around AD 526 can be drawn from the information on this map? A) The Gauls dominated trade on the Mediterranean Sea. B) Rome was the capital of the entire western region. C) The eastern region was unified under the Byzantine Empire. D) The division between eastern and western Rome followed natural boundaries 9. Justinian issues a new code of laws. Greek culture is preserved. A split develops in Christianity between the Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians. Which empire is most closely associated with these statements? A) Byzantine B) Persian C) Mughal D) British 10. The early Russian civilization adopted the Eastern Orthodox religion, the Cyrillic alphabet, and different styles of art and architecture through contact with A) traders from China B) conquering Mongol invaders C) Vikings from northern Europe D) missionaries from the Byzantine Empire

4 11. Base your answer to the following question on the graphic organizer below and on your knowledge of social 12. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social Which item best completes this graphic organizer? A) B) C) D) Development of the Wheel Preservation of Greek and Roman Culture Creation of the Compass Utilization of Cuneiform Which item best completes this graphic organizer? Based on the information provided by this map, which statement about Constantinople is accurate? A) Africans traded more goods in Constantinople than in any other area. B) Constantinople was a city located on the Mediterranean Sea. C) Gold was the primary commodity that China sent to Constantinople. D) Constantinople was an important trading center.

5 13. Base your answer to the following question on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social...the circumference of the city of Constantinople is eighteen miles, one-half of the city being bounded by the continent, the other by the sea, two arms of which meet here; the one a branch or outlet of the Russian, the other of the Spanish sea. Great stir and bustle prevails [dominates] at Constantinople in consequence of the conflux [meeting] of many merchants, who resort thither [ come there], both by land and by sea, from all parts of the world for purposes of trade, including merchants from Babylon and from Mesopotamia, from Media and Persia, from Egypt and Palestine, as well as from Russia, Hungary, Patzinakia, Budia, Lombardy and Spain. In this respect the city is equalled only by Bagdad, the metropolis of the Mahometans... Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela Manuel Komroff, ed., Contemporaries of Marco Polo, Boni Liveright This author would most likely agree with the idea that the A) size of Constantinople limited trade B) cites of western Europe were more impressive than Constantinople C) location of Constantinople contributed to its prosperity D) government of Constantinople failed to provide order 14. The Justinian Code is considered a milestone because it A) preserved many ancient Chinese legal decrees in writing B) served as a model for European legal systems C) became the first democratic constitution D) united Muslim and Roman thought 15. Constantinople became the center of the Byzantine Empire because A) the pope had made it the capital of the Christian world B) it was a religious center for Muslims C) its location made it the crossroads of Europe and Asia D) it was geographically isolated from surrounding empires 16. The Byzantine Empire made its most important contribution to later civilizations by A) recognizing the Pope as the head of the Byzantine Church B) preserving much of the Greco-Roman heritage C) establishing trade routes to the Americas D) encouraging the spread of Buddhism 17. "Western Europe owed a debt of gratitude to the Empire that for almost a thousand years ensured the survival of Christianity during a time when Europe was too weak to accomplish the task." Which empire is referred to in this quotation? A) Hellenistic B) Mongol C) Byzantine D) Ottoman

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