2 Instructions... There are two PowerPoint lessons within this one large file. It is your job to read and take note of what you deem important from this file. Since you are doing this, you are NOT required to read these sections from the textbook. However, feel free to do so if you wish. As you read over the slides you will notice there is a video section at the end. Please watch this not so much for specific information to take notes on, but rather as a video summary of the concepts from the PowerPoint.
3 Ancient Iran & the Rise of the Greeks REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.)
4 The people of ancient Iran / Persia were hindered by geography (high mountains, salt desert) and were unable to sustain large populations like early river valley civilizations.
5 The first group of Iranians to achieve a complex level of political organization was the Medes, who also played a role in the destruction of the Assyrians.
6 Persian clans (a different group of Iranians, but not that much different than the Medes; ex: dialect, dress) united under Cyrus and eventually overthrew the Medes. Persian society was organized into classes: warriors, priests, and peasants (farmers & shepherds). Families were patriarchal, the male head of the household had nearly absolute authority over family members.
7 Between ( B.C.E.) Cyrus expanded Persian lands by utilizing military and diplomatic tools forming an empire (In contrast to the Assyrians, the Persians ruled their subjects with more tolerance). This empire was further expanded under the rule of Darius I, who divided the empire into 20 provinces (this was practically a necessity considering the diverse segments of people living within Persia).
9 While life in Persia may have been more preferable to Assyria; prisoners of war were used on construction & irrigation projects, government propaganda (sculpture depicting people yielding to the king) was used, and the royal court lived extravagantly with a large entourage while many citizens remained as peasants. Slavery itself was almost nonexistent.
10 It is believed that early Persian rulers practiced Zoroastrianism, a monotheistic faith that held humans to a high ethical standard, and promised salvation (similarities with Judaism & Christianity).
11 Similar to the Persians, Greeks were also affected by their environment and geography. Limited arable land and a dependence of rain for farming, made agriculture difficult, thus the Greeks turned to the sea for livelihood and trade (plus it was cheaper and easier than overland travel).
12 After the collapse of Myceaneans, Greece entered a Dark Age where various Greek territories remained isolated from one another causing hundreds of independent city states (polis) to form (the arrival of the Phoenicians revitalized communication).
13 Each polis became suspicious of one another, causing the Greeks to develop the use of hoplites (armored infantrymen who fought in close formation).
14 The importation of food allowed the Greek population to grow (perhaps fivefold). This caused the rise of urban centers and the expansion of Greek colonies. The use of coins came about (this is significant because it allowed for more rapid exchange of items). Most city states were ruled by tyrants, which eventually gave way to oligarchy (rule by a few elites) or democracy.
15 Greek religion was polytheistic, and the Greeks sought advice and predictions about the future from oracles (sacred sites where they believed the gods communicated with humans). Nevertheless, there was a movement toward rationalism, pre Socratic philosophers rejected traditional religious explanations about the world.
16 Another intellectual development was the birth of the study history. Herodotus, the father of history (said he became a historian because he sought the causes of historical events).
17 The two preeminent Greek city states: SPARTA Military state, compulsory military service Took virtually no value in the arts or the political renaissance occurring elsewhere in Greece ATHENS Limited democracy Emphasis on education
18 Persia, Greece, & the Hellenistic Synthesis REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.)
19 The (simultaneous? B.C.E.) rise of Persia and the Greek citystates eventually led to two powerful areas with competing interests. The confrontation probably mattered more to Greece than it did to the Persians who were likely more concerned about their eastern frontier.
20 The Ionian Revolt (Ionia, Greek island controlled by Persia) took place on the Western edge of the Persian Empire, triggering a conflict between the two rising powers (the uprising took place because the people did not wish to be subjects of the Persians any longer).
21 Although the revolt failed (the Greek city states Athens & Eretria aided the rebels, but the Persians infused the area with troops took 5 years to put the rebellion down) Persia attacked Greece in revenge initiating the Persian Wars ( B.C.E.) Early in the war, Athenian hoplites defeated a small Persian army at Marathon.
22 In 480 B.C.E. the Persian King Xerxes launched a massive invasion force into southern and central Greece. The Spartans temporarily held off the Persians at Thermopylae, but eventually Athens was destroyed.
23 The Athenian navy ultimately put an end to the Persian onslaught. Athens used its navy to liberate Greek citystates under Persian control gaining it respect in the region.
24 The Delian League (voluntarily alliance of Greek citystates) was formed and led by Athens. Athens exploited their situation as leader and began to see allies as subordinate to them. Likewise, allies became complacent as they depended upon an Athenian military. Is this similar to America s relationship with Europe in NATO following WWII?
25 The Athenian navy using the trireme vessel with rowers, was employed by lower class males. Thus the backbone of Athenian might was the lower class. As a result these males could insist on full rights, therefore democracy became more widespread.
26 Athens entered a golden age ( B.C.E.) under the ruler Pericles. 3 goals: Glorify Athens (build stuff) Strengthen democracy Strengthen the empire Furthermore, an increase in wealth allowed the arts (festivals, plays) to be subsidized.
27 Athens did not hesitate to use military and political power to promote it s commercial interests (sometimes causing resentment). The Peloponnesian War took place between Athenian (naval power) and Spartan alliances (land power). Persia bankrolled Sparta a navy.
28 The brightest thinkers had been attracted to Athens during the golden age, but now soulsearching following the war led to the rise of philosophers. Socrates: used method of question & answer, ultimately sentenced to death. Plato: founded the Academy, wrote the Republic. Aristotle: wrote about politics, astronomy, zoology.
29 Inequality existed in Greece. Democracy was limited, only about 10 15% of the population could vote in Athens. The average Athenian family owned at least one slave (who was required to do anything that was asked). Athenian marriages were unequal affairs, wives had little rights. (Wives were treated like daughters, and often had closer relationships with their slave attendants their own husband). Spartan women had more freedom.
30 The upheaval caused by the Peloponnesian War caused a shuffle in the balance of power with Greek city states. Macedonia (to the north) had been considered backward by other Greek city states (no art), but now led by King Phillip II had become a regional power.
31 Alexander the Great (Phillip s son) at an early age began a massive military campaign conquering much of the Persian Empire over a period of 11 years (he maintained a Persian framework of administration, although he also established a series of Greek style city states).
33 Alexander soon died and left his lands to be divided up by his generals. These successor states maintained a balance of power in what was going to be a unified empire.
34 The consequence of Alexander s conquest was the Hellenization of the conquered areas that is they were influenced by Greek culture. The hybrid of culture (Greek & native) that formed is known as Hellenistic Culture.
35 The city of Alexandria was the greatest of cities this time. It had a population of nearly half a million, two active harbors, a lighthouse, a library / museum, diverse population, public works, and an aristocratic government.
36 Quick Video The Persians & Greeks: Crash Course World History #5 Below is a short video on both ancient Greece and Persia. It was created by the Crash Course folks if you have ever seen their videos before you should know that they are entertaining, informative, but also cheesy. Don t say I didn t warn you! mkvsaszim If the hyperlink does not work you may have to copy past it into your URL.
Guided Reading 2: The Formation of New Cultural Communities, 1000 BCE-400 CE Name: Period: List the large cultural zones that begin emerging based on shared traditions: 5. 6. What is unique about metallurgy
Chapter 4 Greece and Iran, 1000-30 B.C.E. AP World History I. Ancient Iran, 1000-500 B.C.E. A. Geography and Resources 1. Bounded by mountains, deserts, and the Persian Gulf. 2. Water was scarce so underground
Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Section 1 of Greece Geography and effect on Greece. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian
Early People of the Aegean Minoans Island of Crete Height of Civilization is 1600-1500 BC Based on trade not conquest Trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia 1400 BC they disappear Palace at Knossos Mycenaeans
APWH Chapter 4 1 1 2 p. 119 2 3 p. 129 3 I. Ancient Iran A. Geography 1. Bounded by Zargos mountains in the west 2.Desert to East and Southeast and Persian Gulf to the Southwest a. Allowed vulnerability
Greece made up of two parts: mainland hundreds of small islands Two main features: Mountains Seas Geography MOUNTAIN RANGES mountain ranges separated the small, independent Greek communities caused them
Guided Notes - Persian & Peloponnesian Wars The Persian Wars - 510-478 B.C.E Major Battles: Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, & Plataea The Persians: Led by Began creating one of the world s largest empires
Study Guide Chapter 7 The Ancient Greeks 1) peninsula: a piece of land nearly surrounded by water 2) bard: someone who writes or performs epic poems or stories about heroes and their deeds Key Vocabulary
Ancient Greece Chapter 7 Review Geography Mainland Greece is It is made of three ;two are smaller and joined together by an to create a larger. The Sea is to the west of Greece, the Sea is to the east,
3 Classical Greek Civilization Our main topics: n History of Greek City-States n Cultural contributions as foundation of Western Civilization n Hellenistic Period (Alexander s Empire) Vocabulary n Allegory
Bellringers for World History - Week of March 4-8, 2013 Monday - What was Sparta best known for throughout Ancient Greece? a. Slavery c. Democratic Government b. Oligarchy d. Military Power Tuesday - Much
(1) For many years the Greek city-states had fought against each other over land and TRADE In the 400 s B.C., the city-states UNITED to confront a common enemy, Persia Persia s empire was huge, it stretched
World History I SOL WH1.5d Mr. Driskell A. Persia was the greatest empire of the ancient world, stretching from modern day Iran all the way to modern day Greece. B. Persia was angry at the Greeks because
Name: Ancient Greece: The Greek Mainland and Greek Colonies Directions 1. Using page 117 in your textbook, complete the following task: Cities Continents, Islands, Regions Bodies of Water Carthage Athens
PERSIAN EXPANSION The Persian empire expanded west from its base in Southwest Asia (Suza) Around 520 B.C., King Darius army reached the Ionic cities of Ephesus and Miletus on the eastern coast of the Aegean
WHI SOL 5 Ancient Greeks The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization
Athens and Sparta Chapter 7, Section 2 Objectives In this section you will 1. Learn how people lived in ancient Sparta. 2. Discover some results of the Persian invasion of Greece. 3. Understand the conflicts
Classical Greece E Ancient Greeks were a seafaring people who learned about civilization from their neighbors (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phoenicians). Greeks exported valuable goods (olive oil, wine) and traded
Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 1: The Golden Age of Greece Objectives Describe how democracy grew under Pericles. Explain how Pericles expanded the wealth and power of Athens.
The Persian Empire An Outsider Invader Threatens the Greek Mainland. Hello Sports Fans! Read Section 1: The Persian Empire 2. How did the Persians build their empire? Persia started in southwestern Iran
Ancient Greece 1750 B.C.- 133 B.C. Chapter 5 5-1 Early People of the Aegean Minoan Civilization l Island of Crete, home of Minoans. l Contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia l The Palace at Knossos l Shrinesl
Ancient Greek Warfare Persian Wars, Peloponnesian War, and Alexander the Great Greek Warfare l Hoplite armed men l Large 3 foot shield (Hoplon) protected his left side l The other side was protected by
Geography and Early Greek Civilization Do Now How does geography influence how you interact with your neighbors? Learning Targets and Intentions of the Lesson I Want Students to: 1. KNOW the differences
Notes: The Greek World (Chapter 9) I. Persia Becomes an Empire under Cyrus the Great A. Cyrus the Great led a Persian revolt against the in 580 BCE 1. the Great won independence for Persia from the Medes,
Name Hour Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. What does the statement Greeks did not live on land,
peninsula How will we use it? an area of land surrounded by water on three sides Greece is a peninsula off of Europe and it also contains peninsulas. Turn and Talk: Turn to a partner and finish this sentence:
Objective: I understand when two groups meet what can happen? Can Sparta and Athens actually get along? Pericles comes to the rescue, maybe? With your Spartan Partner Read Section 1: The Persian Empire
Name: Class: Date: 10.1: Greek Test Review Chapter 10 and Chapter 11 1) How did the geographical nature of Greece shape its culture? The city- states were isolated from each other due to the mountainous
APWH Chapter 4 Notes Persia Remnants of Babylonian civilization replaced by Cyrus the Great and Persian empire which emerges by 550 BC. Text claims that Zoroastrianism a monotheistic religion with familiar
World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem. 1 2012 Chapter 4 Study Guide: Ancient Greece Section 1: Early People Aegean Sea: (uh-gee-un): part of the Mediterranean Sea that forms the eastern border of Greece. Minoans
1 Chapter 7 The Glory of Ancient Greece Section 1 Daily Life in Athens Section 2 Athens and Sparta Section 3 The Spread of Greek Culture Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period 2 Wow!
Chapter 4 Daily Focus Skills Transparency 4 4 The Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government. The Persian Empire Section 3 Objectives for this lesson: Analyze the causes, course, and consequences
Persia » 1. largest empire in history and eventually noticed Athens and other citystate s wealth Persians demand offer of Earth and Water » B. Ionian Revolt (99 49 BCE) 1. Greeks in Asia Minor want free
Warring City-States Chapter 5, Section 2 Rule and Order in Greek City- States Polis city state, fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece. - most controlled 50 to 500 square miles. - less than 10,000
Bell Work: HINT HINT HINT! Look on pg. 140 Chapter 4 Section 4 The Age of Pericles By the end of the lesson, I can compare and contrast the lives of individual citizens in various governmental organizations.
ATHENS AND SPARTA Brief #2 Although Athens and Sparta were both a part of what is considered to be Ancient Greece, they were 2 independent city-states These 2 city-states had different cultures and political
Greek City-States Reality and Image Early Greeks Darius and the Persians expanded into Anatolia and conquered Greek city-states. The Greeks were structured differently than the Persian imperial system.
Classical Civilization in Mediterranean: Greece and Rome Chapter 4 EQ: How did early society evolve and change in the Mediterranean? Introduction The civilizations of Greece and Rome rivaled those in India
Study Guide for Ancient Greece Test Final Greece Test, reviews Chapters 1-25 in The Ancient Greek World textbook. It could consist of multiple choice, short answer, and mapping. To best prepare for the
Mediterranean Society under the Greeks and the Romans 1200 BCE The Mycenaeans 2000- ~ 1200 BCE Protected settlements attracted settlers The Minoans 2400-1400 BCE Minoans and Mycaneans: Fortified cities
THE WEST Encounters & Transformations Third Edition Chapter 3 Greek Civilization Greek Civilization I. Greece Rebuilds, 1100-479 B.C.E. II. The Greek Encounter with the Persian Empire III. The Classical
1. Notebook Entry: Golden Age 2. What makes something golden? EQ: How does Greece fit our model of a Classical Civilization? By the end of class are objectives are to: - identify Pericles three goals for
3-C. Classical Civilizations Golden Ages Greece, Gupta, Han, Maya, Roman GOLDEN AGES Pax, Achievements, Golden Age Greece Gupta Han Maya Rome Golden Age: Greece The Persians & Greeks: Crash Course World
Unit 3 Lesson 1 Early Greece Greece s s Geography 1. Greece s s geography was dominated by the mountainous terrain and easy access to the sea 2. The mountains: a) separated the Greek city-states b) made
name: hr: group / solo due on: Rule and Order in Greek City-States How were city-states governed? (page 127) The center of Greek life was the polis, or city state. A polis was made up of a city and the
Review 06 and 07 World History and the Bible Name 1. The first mention of the Medes in history is found in the annals of the kings of. The first king of Media was named, and is credited by Herodotus with
Wars of the Greeks Marathon Battle of Marathon - 490 B.C.E. The Battle of Marathon took place during the first Persian invasion of Greece, fought between the combined forces of Athens and Plataea against
Honors World History In the Textbook read pgs. 134-139 Under each section (history, art etc) write 2-3 facts about each topic & how it was during the Greek Golden Age. Topics of interest: How did things
THE GRECO-PERSIAN WARS 500-450 BCE By Mrs. Erin C. Ryan 2016 Who was Herodotus? Herodotus (c. 484 425/413 BCE) was a traveler and writer who invented the field of study known today as history. He was called
We re Starting Period 2 Today! We re dealing mainly with the following civilizations: Persia Greece Rome China India PERIOD 2 Includes the Following Chapters: - Chapter 3: Eurasia- Political Chapter 4:
The Myth of Troy Mycenaeans (my see NEE ans) were the first Greek-speaking people Trojan War, 1200 B.C. Greeks attacked and destroyed independent city-state Troy. The fictional account is that a Trojan
1 Chapter 6 The Rise of Ancient Greece Section 1 The Rise of Greek Civilization Section 2 Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts Notebook Number Mr. Graver Name Old World Cultures Period By now, you ve probably
Section 1 Page 144 Preview: What do you know about Rome? List ideas 1. The Rise of Rome: The Land and Peoples of Italy Geographic Item Impact on Rome Tiber River Mediterranean Sea Apennines Mountains 2.
~ Name:. Date: Period: - ----------- ----- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- MAIN IDEAS: The Greek World Chapter 1 0-Section 1 1. Persia became an under the Great.
Ancient Greece Chapter 6 Section 1 Page 166 to 173 Famous Things About Greece The Parthenon Mt. Olympia Famous Things About Greece Plato Aristotle Alexander The Great Athens Sparta Trojan War Greek Gods
Section 3 Athens Athenian Background Located NE of Sparta, on the Aegean Sea Had different philosophy than Spartans Athenian Government First ruled by kings then by working people Oligarchy- form of government
Minoan and Mycenaean Societies Pages 232 234 Island of Crete 2000 BCE Knossos most notable Located in Pelopennesus (southern Balkan Peninsula) Written language: Linear A undecipherable Traded with other
The Persian Empire Mr. Mable 2012 Aim: How did the Persians build and maintain a tremendous empire? Who were the important leaders? What were their contributions to history? The Rise of Persia The Persians
SY 2017/2018 2 nd Final Term Revision Student s Name: Grade: 6A Subject: Social Studies Teacher Signature Social St. Revision Sheet Gr 6A/B *Chapter 5 L 4: Athens-Sparta Pg- 111-114 1) The capital city
Name WHI Voorhees Ancient Greece WHI SOL Narrative Review part 2 (to follow Narrative Review PPt. questions 1-57) Location Group of islands and the Balkan and Peloponnesus Peninsulas, surrounded by the
Chapter 4 Daily Focus Skills Athens and Sparta became the two most powerful citystates in ancient Greece. SPARTA AND ATHENS SECTION 2 Sparta focused on its military force, while Athens focused on trade,
A Short History of Athens Outline Founding Fathers Oligarchs, tyrants and democrats Athens and Sparta The Delian League Peloponnesian War Pericles Empire Disaster and Recovery Macedonia The Long Decline
WHI.05: Ancient Greece: Geography to Persian Wars The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing the influence of geography on Greek
city-state: a tiny country with its own government, based around one large city; polis Examples: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, Argos citizen - a person who is part of a certain society; in Greece, only
1 Unit 3 Notes: Ancient Greece Name Date Block Greek Geography The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. Locations and places
Ancient Greece 500-323 B.C.E. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea. It s very close to Egypt, the Persian empire (includes Turkey) and Rome. Greek geography
Date: 1 THE CRADLE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION The ancient G introduced many valuable i that i the way we live today. The Greeks lived on a small, rocky p in southeast E. They were unable to f most of their
ANCIENT GREECE Instructions Anything written in yellow (slow down and pay attention) is useful information. You should write it in your notes IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Anything in red (STOP and pay close attention)
Objectives for Chapter 4 Describe how geography and the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations influenced Greek culture. Compare the city-states of Sparta and Athens Identify the causes and effects of Greek
Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history, society, and government. Section 1: The Rise of City-States Section 2:
The Persian Empire 550 BCE-330 BCE The Rise of Persia The Persians based their empire on tolerance and diplomacy. They relied on a strong military to back up their policies. Ancient Persia is where Iran
The Classical Empires Mr. Stille WHAP Population Growth Urbanization Afro-Eurasia in 500 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 350 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 200 BCE Afro-Eurasia in 100 CE Persian Empire Persian Empire (558-332
AP World Unit 1/2 Calendar/ HOMEWORK Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies 600 BCE- 600 CE Big Question: What is an empire, and how were Classical Era empires different from Ancient era empires?
THE RISE OF NEW EMPIRES Chapter 2 Section 4 The Assyrian Empire The came from the northern part of The would eventually include Iran, sections of Asia Minor, Syria, Israel and Egypt. The Assyrian Empire
The Story of Ancient Greece Think about as you read 1. How were the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta different? 2. How was Athens a democracy? 3. What did the people of ancient Greece give the world?
Announcements: 1: Check your grades! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Brain or Brawn Worksheet (Class set!) Bell Ringer: September 11(12), 2017 1. Get out your notes from last class. 2. Re-read
Name Period Parent Signature Teacher use only Chapter 9 Study Guide: Ancient Greece % MULTIPLE CHOICE: Using your textbook, completed folder activities, and your graded homework assignments, choose the
The Greco-Roman World Origins Although distinctive, still influenced by contact with Persian, Egyptian, and Mesopotamian civilizations (e.g. Phoenicians) Indo-European ethnically--like those who invaded