Cooperative Research Centre for Railway Engineering and Technologies annual report

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1 Cooperative Research Centre for Railway Engineering and Technologies annual report Established and supported under the Australian Government s Cooperative Research Centres Programme

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3 driving change - six years of research, innovation and service to the Australian rail industry Executive Summary National Research Priorities Governance, Structure and Management Research Programme Commercialisation and Utilisation Communication Strategy Education and Training Postgraduate Students Performance Measures Financials Glossary

4 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Rail CRC 2006/07 The middle of 2007 marks a landmark six years of cooperative research and collaborative vision for an industry normally renowned for the activities and success of its individual organisations rather than its shared aims. Taking shape from a landscape of almost non-existent industry-wide rail research, Rail CRC has played a significant role in bringing the Australian rail industry together over this time. Incorporating the major players QR, Pacific National, RailCorp, ARTC and including industry supplier TMG International and some of the nation s leading universities Central Queensland University, University of Wollongong, University of South Australia, Queensland University of Technology, Monash University and University of Queensland Rail CRC has worked to deliver technologies and new rail procedures that will benefit the industry in both the short and long term. The year has been particularly focused towards technology transfer and commercialisation, with a significant proportion of the Rail CRC team s efforts directed also towards the creation of the new CRC for Rail Innovation, following the successful application to the Department of Science, Education and Training for a new from existing CRC in Strongly lead by the Australasian Railway Association, the new CRC for Rail Innovation has slowly taken shape during the year with negotiations still underway to finalise the participants of the new CRC going forward. Rail CRC s management team have worked hard to broker a strong and united CRC for the rail industry following the wind-down of Rail CRC in The Rail CRC spin-off company, Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd, was identified this year as the key resource to commercialise and further develop the technologies and Intellectual Property created in Rail CRC. The Department of Science, Education and Training approved licensing of all Centre IP to Rail Innovation Australia on 31st January 2007, with resourcing of this critical company the next key task to ensure the research and efforts of the entire Rail CRC team over the past six years bears significant fruit for the rail industry. Rail CRC projects with significant potential to change the way the rail industry operates include the Rail CRC-developed OZ-ECP brakes (Project 40/149), Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System (Project 36), native vegetation around rail tracks (Project 86), rail track design and ballast grading (Project 6/139), FreightMiser (Project 15) and ScheduleMiser systems and cant deficiency research (Project 96) to name only a few. Many of these projects will form the backbone of the new Rail Innovation Australia company, with this new venture facing the daunting task of succeeding where many IP spin-off companies falter. According to Rail CRC Chairman, long-time rail industry identity, Mr Vince O Rourke AM the research and results of Rail CRC have exceeded expectations in its relatively short life and can proudly stand alongside rail research conducted anywhere in the world. Conservatively estimated to deliver a risk free present value of approximately $1.6 billion to the rail industry, through increased productivity and reduced maintenance costs, the Rail CRC research portfolio is expected to bring benefits to the rail industry well into the future. 4 rail crc

5 Report Rail CRC s short six-year life has been an exciting leadership journey for innovative solutions and creative thinking in an old industry which is in a global revolution of rail revival. The CRC has created a powerful collaborative force that will provide the rail industry in Australia with enhanced capabilities to meet the economic and environmental challenges of congestion in our cities and on our roads and to help our industries grow, and indeed survive in increasingly competitive global markets. In 2001 Rail CRC created a step change in railway research effort with a vision to create a new era for rail in Australia based on better use of existing assets and systems and a new mindset of finding innovative solutions based on world s best practice for future industry development. Rail CRC has established a world wide reputation as an international leader in rail research with the industry and its university partners rapidly filling the initial adhoc vacuum, so that throughout our life we had some 250 world leading technology and educational researchers focused on rail industry breakthrough solutions. A 2006 independent review of Rail CRC s work concluded that its project outcomes had the potential to deliver some $1.6 billion value for the industry. Besides the future commercial benefits of Rail CRC s work, already the industry has taken up and applied many productivity-enhancing products such as the Rail Noise and Wear Assessment system, and the outcomes of the cant deficiency project. Building on the success of Rail CRC, the rail industry has successfully achieved a much larger Commonwealth Government grant in the 2006 selection round. The CRC for Rail Innovation commenced on 1st July 2007 and will take forward an exciting and broad strategic programme of research and development over the next seven years. For Rail CRC, commercialisation of it s research outcomes has been a major objective and to continue this work, and also to provide an ongoing commercial partner for the new CRC for Rail Innovation, a spin off company, Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd, was established in Rail Innovation Australia will focus on commercialising the products developed over the last six years, including such products as the breakthrough OZ-ECP electronic brakes and the Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System, to name only a few. The Rail CRC success story is in itself one of leadership, innovation and much hard work, conceived by two people - Rail CRC CEO Professor Dudley Roach and our Research Director David Schonfeld. Together with a great team of committed researchers based within industry and universities across the nation, Dudley and his talented Executive Management team, has most successfully nurtured and grown the Rail CRC from humble beginnings to it s world s best standing. As highlighted in the recent Parliament of Australia report The Great Freight Task- Is Australia s transport network up to the challenge? - in the end it s all about integration and connectivity, for the real issue ahead is to jettison old thinking and work collaboratively. The Rail CRC story itself is a compelling one of collaboration, coordination and integration between the unincorporated joint venture partners of the rail industry and universities. I want to pay tribute to my Board colleagues - both present and past - for their passionate leadership and their work as a team which provided Rail CRC with sound direction and guidance during its productive life. On behalf of the Board I would like to thank the Commonwealth Government for their confidence, and our industry and university partners for their continued commitment and support. We look forward with confidence to the work of the CRC for Rail Innovation. I commend this final report of the Cooperative Research Centre for Railway Engineering and Technologies to you. It s been a great ride. Vince O Rourke AM annual report 5

6 Report Seven years of concerted effort by a dedicated team of researchers, engineers, scientists and managers has delivered a new era for railways in Australia through collaborative research. In 2001 Rail CRC was established to address the research needs of the railway sector in the area of technology and engineering. Today, the new CRC for Rail Innovation - almost twice the size of its predecessor - is set to continue that work and to broaden the research to include economic, social, environment and safety systems issues. This last year has seen Rail CRC s research projects progress towards completion and a new expanded view of railway research emerge as the planning for the new Centre matured. Another important Rail CRC Technology Showcase event was held on 7-8th June This time the event emphasised the commercial outcomes from the research over the last six years, with a welcome attendance of more than 130 national and international railway delegates. Rail CRC s Intellectual Property register boasts 14 items at various stages of development that are considered to have the capacity to mature into commercial products. The spin-off company Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd has been created to manage the IP for the stakeholders into the future, with Rail CRC currently resourcing this critical company to ensure the successful technologies and research of Rail CRC can progress well past the Centre s conclusion in Actual instances of industry adoption of Rail CRC s research outcomes have occurred in 24 of the 40 research projects and another 14 projects show strong potential for industry uptake. In one instance - the cant deficiency project - a participating organisation reported a reduction in freight train travel time from Sydney to Melbourne that would otherwise have required a capital investment of more than $1 billion to achieve. The project budget was minimal in contrast, at $223,000. Rail CRC s innovative OZ-ECP brake technology is the best developed of the research products at this stage. A consortium of Rail CRC participants and an international manufacturer of railway braking systems joined to undertake a $2.5 million commercialisation project with this technology. This work has been supported by an $870,000 grant from the Queensland Government and will move the product into the world market over the next few years a substantial coup for the work of Rail CRC s collaborative industry and university teams. Freightmiser, a product that optimises driving strategies to conserve energy, and Schedulemiser, a product that constructs optimum train schedules on a defined network, have been sold to major railway operating companies in Australia and overseas with Rail CRC due to benefit from licensing fees of these products. Rail CRC s education program has been a shining beacon of achievement. Three of the four education disciplines railway signalling, rollingstock engineering and operations management have significant numbers of enrolled students in the graduate certificate and graduate diploma courses. The fourth program is due to enrol its first cohort in the masters award in civil and infrastructure engineering in Two cohorts of graduates of the Railway Signalling course the first course to be up and running in are already employed in the railway industry. I extend my personal thanks and admiration for a job well done to the small, but most effective, management team that has overseen and reported on the research over the last six years. The Board of Rail CRC, under the chairmanship of Mr Vince O Rourke, has given the essential guidance and strategic direction to the management team. The cohort of researchers, postgraduates and industry personnel has completed an epic research task that has delivered real commercial returns to the participants, the railway industry and the community. Their achievements over the past six years have ultimately resulted in the commencement of another seven years of research that will play an essential part in the development of Australia s land transport infrastructure. Professor Dudley Roach 6 rail crc

7 NATIONAL RESEARCH PRIORITIES The following outlines the way in which the Rail CRC Research Program relates to the Federal Government s National Research Priorities, and includes an estimation of the percentage contribution Rail CRC research has made towards addressing these priorities. An Environmentally Sustainable Australia Transforming the way we use our land, water, mineral and energy resources through a better understanding of environmental systems and using new technologies 20% Transforming existing industries 5% Overcoming soil loss, salinity and acidity 5% Reducing and capturing emissions in transport and energy generation 5% Sustainable use of Australia s biodiversity Promoting And Maintaining Good Health Promoting good health and preventing disease, particularly among young and older Australians 10% Strengthening Australia s social and economic fabric Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries Stimulating the growth of world-class Australian industries using innovative technologies developed from cutting-edge research 40% Breakthrough science 30% Frontier technologies 25% Advanced materials 70% Smart information use 50% Promoting an innovation culture and economy Safeguarding Australia Safeguarding Australia from terrorism, crime, invasive diseases and pests, and securing our infrastructure, particularly with respect to our digital systems 3% Understanding our region and the world annual report 7

8 Rail CRC s diverse research program has contributed significantly to assisting the Federal Government to address its National Research Priorities. Both broadly and specifically Rail CRC research outcomes contribute to the full range of priorities, particularly addressing the need for Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries with its innovative and breakthrough advances in railway engineering. The following overview outlines in details the Rail CRC projects which contribute to the National Research Priorities. Transforming existing industries The Rail CRC research program from 2001 to 2007 incorporated approximately 40 research projects to transform and advance the Australian railway industry. Overcoming soil loss, salinity and acidity Project 86 The feasibility of improving rail infrastructure by introducing native vegetation on clay soil sites - an innovative project utilising native vegetation near rail tracks to assist track stability and drainage and decrease soil loss. Reducing and capturing emissions in transport and energy generation Project 24 Rail Transport Energy and Efficiency a milestone project to provide the Australian rail industry with benchmark energy usage data and statistics to better determine the benefit of adopting improved practices in relation to fuel use, particularly regarding resulting air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions Project 55 Assessment of the effect of diesel fuel additives on locomotive performance and operation a project which also investigated the use of alternative fuels by the railway industry. Sustainable use of Australia s biodiversity Project 86 The feasibility of improving rail infrastructure by introducing native vegetation on clay soil sites - an innovative project utilising native vegetation near rail tracks to assist track stability and drainage and decrease soil loss Project 122 Study of cost effective alternatives to native forest timber sleepers investigation of using plantation forest timbers instead of scarce native forest timber for railway timber sleepers Responding to climate change and variability Project 24 Rail Transport Energy and Efficiency a milestone project to provide the Australian rail industry with benchmark energy usage data and statistics to better determine the benefit of adopting improved practices in relation to fuel use, particularly regarding resulting air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Project 15 FreightMiser the development of an innovative in-cab advice system for train drivers which minimises fuel usage and resulting greenhouse gas emissions (using optimum acceleration and deceleration) and ensures trains run to time Strengthening Australia s social and economic fabric Project 83 The development of a community intervention program for level crossing safety a project which initiated national attention and investigation of level crossing safety, and which is developing education programs for the highest risk road user groups at level crossings truck drivers, younger and older drivers. Breakthrough science Project 41 New steels for wheels the investigation of a new bainitic alloy steel which has the potential to provide increased durability and performance for the rail industry Frontier technologies Project 41 New steels for wheels the investigation of a new bainitic alloy steel which has the potential to provide increased durability and performance for the rail industry Project 75 Novel insulated joints the investigation of advanced materials joining methods for the development of a novel insulated joint system with higher rigidity and continuity of material properties across the joint for increased signalling performance Project 143 the use of innovative aeronautical composite patch techniques for rail bridge strengthening in a world-first for the rail industry 8 rail crc

9 the research and results of Rail CRC have exceeded expectations in its relatively short life and can proudly stand alongside rail research conducted anywhere in the world Vince O Rourke AM Rail CRC Chair Advanced materials Project 75 Novel insulated joints the investigation of advanced materials joining methods for the development of a novel insulated joint system with higher rigidity and continuity of material properties across the joint for increased signalling performance Project 41 New steels for wheels the investigation of a new bainitic alloy steel which has the potential to provide increased durability and performance for the rail industry Project 122 Study of cost effective alternatives to native forest timber sleepers investigation of using plantation forest timbers instead of scarce native forest timber for railway timber sleepers Project 6/139 Ballast and use of geosynthetics in rail track design use of new standards of ballast and geogrids in rail track design to save industry substantially on rail track capital upgrades and maintenance Smart information use Project 15 FreightMiser the development of an innovative software and in-cab advice system for train drivers which minimises fuel usage and resulting greenhouse gas emissions (using optimum acceleration and deceleration) and ensures trains run to time Project 20 ScheduleMiser an innovative software program which creates thousands of optimum train plans at the click of button, to replace the time-consuming process of drawing train plans by hand Project 5/23 Developed as part of the project was an innovative user-friendly software model, D-Track, which models track design, track modification and the effects of additional or worn rollingstock on track for rail track engineers. Project 18 Developed as part of this project was an innovative software predictor program, the Rail Corrugation Predictor Model, which can assist rail track owners to predict the growth rate of rail corrugation on different areas of track Project 2/150 Health card - a low-cost sensor device mounted on multiple train wagons to detect and capture vehicle and rail track faults and assist to assess the risk of train derailments Project 40 OZ-ECP Brakes a break-through brake technology which incorporates an electronically controlled pneumatic brake system retrofitted and used in conjunction with the existing conventional air brake system for far superior braking performance Project 36 Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System an innovative software program developed utilising different types of rail contact force noises to measure and monitor noise for both maintenance purposes and environmental impact monitoring Projects 60 and 63 Postgraduate programs in Railway Signalling and Rollingstock Engineering, offered by Central Queensland University and University of Wollongong, which both use flexible delivery mode to teach and encourage class interaction with students enrolled from throughout Australia and New Zealand Promoting an innovation culture and economy The range of new technologies and products developed by Rail CRC throughout its six year life include the OZ-ECP brake product, Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System, Rail Corrugation Predictor System, FreightMiser, ScheduleMiser, D-Track Modelling software and many more innovative research projects The range of new processes and procedures developed to advance the rail industry, include the design of concrete sleepers, rail track design using geosynthetics, cant deficiency advice and improving rail track stability by planting native vegetation near rail tracks. E-learning utilised in Rail CRC-developed education courses enables students to interact and learn with course lecturers, mentors and students from around Australia. Understanding our Region and the world Project 6/139 expertise - the use of world-leading expertise in rail track design and construction of Rail CRC researcher, Professor Buddhima Indraratna, from University of Wollongong to assist Sri Lanka in the rebuilding of their rail system after the 2004 Asian tsunami. annual report 9

10 GOVERNANCE & MANAGEMENT Prof Dudley Roach CEO Mr Vince O Rourke Chair Mr John Hearsch Deputy Chair Mr Bill Hopes Independent Prof Peter Robinson Independent Mr Ron Christie Independent Mr Brian Bock QR Mr David Foldi RailCorp Mr John Cowie ARTC Mr Adam Boughton Pacific National Mr Dale Coleman WorleyParsons TMG Mr Bryan Nye ARA Prof Jennelle Kyd CQU Prof Chris Cook UoW Prof Caroline McMillen UniSA Prof Ian Marshall acting for Prof Rhys Jones, Monash Prof John Bell QUT Prof Jim Litster UQ 10 rail crc

11 Rail CRC Principal Participants Industry University Queensland Rail Central Queensland University RailCorp University of Wollongong Pacific National University of South Australia Australian Rail Track Corporation Monash University TMG International Queensland University of Technology Pacific National Victoria University of Queensland Chart 2006/07 Audit and Risk Committee Rail CRC Board Technology Advisory Committee Research and Commercialisation Committee Chief Executive Officer Strategic Planning Sub-committee Executive Management Group (EMG) Industry Advisory Group (Industry-based) (Separate Charter) Theme Leaders (University-based) Project Managers (Industry-based)) Project Leaders (University-based) Project Steering Committees (Predominantly Industry-based) Project Management annual report 11

12 CEO and Governing Board Members Name Organisation Position / Role Prof Dudley Roach Rail CRC CEO Mr Vince O Rourke Rail CRC Chair Mr John Hearsch John Hearsch Consulting P/L Deputy Chair Mr Bill Hopes Rail CRC Independent Board Member Prof Peter Robinson University of Wollongong Independent Board Member Mr Ron Christie Consultant Independent Board Member Mr Brian Bock Queensland Rail Core Industry Participant Representative Mr David Foldi RailCorp Core Industry Participant Representative Mr John Cowie Australian Rail Track Corporation Core Industry Participant Representative Mr Adam Boughton Pacific National Core Industry Participant Representative Mr Dale Coleman WorleyParsons TMG Core Industry Participant Representative Mr Bryan Nye Australasian Railway Association Core Industry Participant Representative Prof Jennelle Kyd Central Queensland University University Participant Representative Prof Chris Cook University of Wollongong University Participant Representative Prof Caroline McMillen University of South Australia University Participant Representative Prof Rhys Jones Monash University University Participant Representative Prof John Bell (replaced Prof Rod Troutbeck) Queensland University of Technology University Participant Representative Prof Jim Lister The University of Queensland University Participant Representative 12 rail crc

13 Key Skills of Board Members I N D E P E N D E N T B O A R D MEMBERS Mr Vince O Rourke BEcon (UNE) Current positions include: Chair Rail CRC Board Chair Queensland Workplace Health & Safety Board Chair Great Australian Trunk Railway System Pty Ltd Non-executive Director Bradken Rail Director Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd Previous positions include: CEO Queensland Rail Vice-President Australasian Railway Association Mr John Hearsch BCom, FCILT Current positions include: Deputy Chair Rail CRC Board Principal John Hearsch Consulting Pty Ltd Director Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd Previous positions include: Chief General Manager Transportation Operations of the State Transport Authority of Victoria Group General Manager (Freight) Queensland Rail Mr Bill Hopes BEcon (UQ) Current positions include: Chair Rail CRC Audit and Risk Committee Director Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd Previous positions include: Senior executive level experience in banking and finance Professor Peter Robinson AM, FTSE, FIEA, BSc, PhD, DSc Current positions include: Director Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd CEO Robtech Consulting Pty Ltd Chair Cast CRC Ltd Chair International Technical Advisory Committee to Australian Nuclear Science and Technology [ANSTO] Board Chief Assessor Queensland Smart State Innovation Funds Previous positions include: Deputy Vice-Chancellor University of Wollongong Deputy Chair Australian Research Council Chief CSIRO Division of Manufacturing Technology Director Invetech Consulting Pty Ltd Group General Manager Technical Metal Manufactures Ltd Mr Ron Christie AM BE Hon, FIEAust, FAIM Current positions include: Rail CRC Board Advisor Consultant Member, Industry Advisory Network, University of Technology Sydney Previous positions include: Chair Independent Transport Safety & Reliability Regulator (ITSRR) Advisory Board CEO Roads & Traffic Authority CEO Olympic Roads & Transport Authority Coordinator General of Rail CORE INDUSTRY PA R T I C I PA N T REPRESENTATIVES Mr Brian Bock BEng, BCom, Grad Cert Legal Studies (Workplace Relations), FIEAUST, FAIM, FPWI, MAICD Current positions include: Acting Executive Manager Strategy and Corporate Affairs, Queensland Rail Board Member International Heavy Haul Association Board Member Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd Management Board Member Central Queensland University Centre for Railway Engineering Previous positions include: Group General Manager, Technical Services, Queensland Rail Group General Manager, Workshops, Queensland Rail Chairman International Heavy Haul Association Mr David Foldi BEng(Civil)(Hons), MEngStudies in Foundation & Structural Engineering, GradDip Project Management, Member APESMA Current positions include: General Manager RailCorp Engineering Standards & Services Board Member Rail Innovation Australia Member ARA Rail Indsutry Safety and Standards Board Previous positions include: Project Director Menangle Bridge Team (RIC) Customer Operations Manager Metropolitan Division (RIC) Acting General Manager Network Assets Division (RAC) Mr John Cowie BE, FIE(Aust), FIRSE (until June 2007) Current positions include: Manager ARTC Standards & Systems Previous positions include: Chief Signals & Communications Engineer ARTC NSW Director of Development ARTC West Coast Main Line Upgrade RailTrack (UK) Mr Adam Boughton CPEng, MIE(Aust), GradDipMan, AIMM Current positions include: Manager Pacific National Engineering Group Chair - Standing committee for rollingstock, RISSB Previous positions include: Locomotive Maintenance Manager - Pacific National Technical Services Manager - Freight Australia Operations Manager - Abbey Equipment Operations Officer - 22 Construction Regiment, Army Reserve annual report 13

14 Mr Dale Coleman BE(Civil), MIEA Managing Director TMG Rail Technology Pty Ltd Current positions include: General Manager WorleyParsons TMG Managing Director TMG Rail Technology Pty Ltd Advisory Board Member UniSA Institute for Sustainable Systems and Technologies Previous positions include: Managing Director TMG International Pty Ltd Managing Director CSE Management General Manager Ericsson Signals Mr Bryan Nye BApplSc, Grad Dip Admin, Grad Dip Appl Fin, Grad Dip Strategic Studies, FCILT, FAIM, FASAE Current positions include: CEO Australasian Railway Association Chair NSW & ACT Australian Institute of Management Chairman Rail Industry Safety and Standards Board (RISSB) Chairman Rail Skills and Careers Council (RSCC) Previous positions include: Executive Director Australian Institute of Petroleum Many roles with the Royal Australian Navy UNIVERSITY PARTICIPANTS Professor Jennelle Kyd BSc(Hons), DipEd, PhD Current positions include: Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Central Queensland University Previous positions include: Head University of Canberra National Centre for Forensic Studies Director Gadi Research Centre for Medical and Health Sciences Professor Chris Cook Electrical Engineer, BSc (University of Adelaide), BE (University of Adelaide), PhD (UNSW), Fellow of the Institute of Engineers Australia, Chartered Professional Engineer (CPEng) Current positions include: Professor of Electrical Engineering, University of Wollongong Dean of Faculty of Engineering, UoW Previous positions include: Technical Manager, GEC Automation and Control Division CEO Automation and Engineering Applications Centre More than 150 publications in engineering publications Chief Investigator in several Australian Research Council (ARC) and Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) research grants in automation, control, robotic and electrical engineering areas More than 12 years experience as research management panel member of CRC for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems and Technologies, and as external advisor to CRC for Renewable Energy Professor Caroline McMillen BA (Physiological Sciences) (Hons), MA, PhD (Oxford), BMedicine & BSurgery Current positions include: University of South Australia Pro Vice Chancellor and Vice President Research & Innovation Director Research Laboratory of the Early Origins of Adult Health Co-Convenor Healthy Development Adelaide (Research Cluster) Deputy Director ARC/NHMRC National Network for Genes, Environment and Development. Chair Endocinology, Reproduction & Development, Commission of the International Union of Physiological Societies Previous positions include: Head Department of Physiology, University Of Adelaide (UofA) Acting Head UofA Division of Science Acting Dean UofA Faculty of Science Head Physiology UofA School of Molecular & Biomedical Sciences Chair of Physiology UofA Faculty of Science Head of Department UofA Faculty of Science Professor Rhys Jones BSc Hons, PhD, FATSE Current positions include: Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Monash University Previous positions include: Senior Principal Research Scientist, DSTO Professor John Bell BSc (Hons) (Sydney), PhD (UNSW), FIEAust, MAIP (Commenced July 2006 replacing Prof Rod Troutbeck) Current positions include: Professor, Queensland University of Technology Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering Assistant Dean (Research) Previous positions include: Program Leader, Australian CRC for Renewable Energy Director, Business Council for Sustainable Energy Professor Jim Litster BE(Hons), PhD, Fellow Institution of Chemical Engineers (UK), Member American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Member Australian Particle Technology Society Current positions include: Professor of Chemical Engineering University of Queensland Head UQ School of Engineering Previous positions include: Distinguished Visiting Professor in Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware Chair UQ Department of Chemical Engineering Associate Director Centre for Multiphase Processes, Universities of Newcastle, New South Wales and Queensland. Associate Professor UQ Chemical Engineering 14 rail crc

15 Rail CRC Board Committees Audit and Risk Committee Mr Bill Hopes (Chair) Independent Board Member Mr Vince O Rourke Independent Board Member Prof Peter Robinson Independent Board Member Mr John Hearsch Independent Board Member (L to R) Mr Vince O Rourke, Rail CRC Board Chair, Prof Peter Robinson, Independent Board Member, Mr Bill Hopes, Committee Chair and Independent Board Member and Mr John Hearsch, Independent Board Member. The Audit and Risk Committee plays a crucial role in providing the Board with a general monitoring of Rail CRC financial accounting and reporting, government reporting, risk management, governance and internal control of Rail CRC systems and processes. The Committee meets quarterly, at least two weeks prior to the Rail CRC Board meetings. A total of four meetings were held in 2006/07 on 28 August 2006, 30 November 2006, 28 February 2007 and 24 May Research and Commercialisation Committee (L to R) Mr Dale Coleman, TMG International; Mr John Cowie, ARTC and Mr Ron Christie, Independent Board Advisor. (L to R) Mr Brian Bock, QR and Mr David Foldi, RailCorp The Committee s objective is to assist the Board in fulfilling it s responsibilities in the areas of research project selection, research management and commercialisation to ensure that strategic goals are met. This Committee is responsible for the effective management of research and commercialisation, and reliable reporting on research and commercialisation activities. Four meetings were held in 2006/07 on 28 August 2006, 30 November 2006, 28 February 2007 and 24 May annual report 15

16 Research and Commercialisation Committee continued Prof Peter Robinson (Chair) Mr Vince O Rourke Mr Ron Christie Mr Adam Boughton Mr Brian Bock Prof Caroline McMillen Mr Dale Coleman Mr David Foldi Prof Jennelle Kyd Mr John Cowie Independent Board Member Independent Board Member Independent Board Member Pacific National Queensland Rail University of South Australia TMG International RailCorp Central Queensland University ARTC (L to R) Prof Jennelle Kyd, Central Queensland University; Mr Vince O Rourke, Rail CRC Board Chair; Prof Mark Hochman, University of South Australia (replaced by Prof Caroline McMillen in 2006/07) and Prof Peter Robinson, Committee Chair and Independent Board Member. Continued Wind-up Committee The Wind-up Committee continued to work in 2006/07 to ensure the successful completion of research and utilisation activities within the life of Rail CRC and the continuation of commercialisation and intellectual property management activities after the termination of CRC funding period. The Committee had one meeting in the reporting year on 28 August Technology Advisory Committee The Technology Advisory Committee is comprised of international experts and specialists who can be called upon when required to provide independent advice to the Board on the relevance and quality of the research undertaken, and on commercialisation issues. This Committee did not have any formal meetings in 2006/07. Mr Vince O Rourke (Chair) Prof Caroline McMillen Mr Bill Hopes Prof Peter Robinson Mr Brian Bock Mr David Foldi Prof Jennelle Kyd Mr Ron Christie Independent Board Member University of South Australia Independent Board Member Independent Board Member Queensland Rail RailCorp Central Queensland University Independent Board Member Dr A Reinschmidt Dr J Lundgren Mr H Tournay Dr Q Lixin Dr S Zakharov Dr S Marich Dr W Eberson Mr F Mau Dr G Deutsch Mr P Winter Prof R Lunden Prof R Smith Prof M Bolton Transport Technology Center Inc, USA Transport Technology Center Inc, USA Transport Technology Centre Inc, USA China Academy of Railway Sciences, China All Russian Railway Research Institute, Russia Marich Consulting, Australia AMTRAK, USA Booz Allen & Hamilton, Australia George Deutsch Consulting Pty Ltd, Australia Swiss Federal Railways Consulting, Switzerland Competence Centre in Railway Mechanics, Clamers University of Technology, Sweden Imperial College, UK Cambridge University, UK 16 rail crc

17 Executive Management Group Prof Dudley Roach Dr Anna Thomas Chief Executive Officer Business Manager The Executive Management Group (EMG), led by the Chief Executive Officer, is responsible for the management and operation of Rail CRC activities under the direction of the Board. The EMG meets weekly to discuss operational issues and progress, and to coordinate management and administration. Mr David Schonfeld Ms Deborah Tunnicliff Ms Nicole Eden Ms Patricia Stevenson Research Director (QR) Research Manager Communications & Marketing Manager Interim Communications and Marketing Manager Leave of absence from 1 April 2006 to 1 October 2006 Maternity leave of absence from 26 July 2006 to 23 July 2007 Commenced 25 July 2006 to 20 July 2007 (L to R) Dr Anna Thomas, Business Manager; Prof Dudley Roach, Chief Executive Officer; and Ms Deborah Tunnicliff, Research Manager. Absent: Mr David Schonfeld, Research Director and Ms Nicole Eden, Communications and Marketing Manager. Rail Innovation Australia The Board of Rail CRC approved licensing of the developed intellectual property in Rail CRC to spin-off company Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd. This transaction was approved by the Department of Science Education and Training on 31 January Two meetings of Rail Innovation Australia were held in 2006/07 on 30 November 2006 and 20 February Mr Vince O Rourke (Chair) Mr John Hearsch Mr Bill Hopes Prof Peter Robinson Mr Brian Bock Mr David Foldi Prof Jennelle Kyd Chair Rail CRC Board Deputy Chair Rail CRC Board Rail CRC Independent Board Member Rail CRC Independent Board Member Queensland Rail RailCorp Central Queensland University annual report 17

18 RESEARCH PROGRAMME At the end of June 2007, the Australian rail industry holds an asset which incorporates six years of research and innovation, of outcomes and milestones achieved and, at times exceeded, and of significant outcomes that will benefit the industry long into the future. The undisputed fact is that Rail CRC commenced in 2001 on a landscape of non-existent collaborative industry-wide research and cooperation. At its official conclusion in June 2007, Rail CRC has provided industry with research programs and projects developed specifically for their needs programs and projects which have been estimated to deliver the Australian rail industry a risk free present value of $1.6 billion through increased productivity and reduced maintenance costs. From July 2007, a new CRC for the rail industry, the CRC for Rail Innovation will commence with a new suite of research programs to assist the industry. It is envisaged the company formed to hold intellectual property developed in Rail CRC, Rail Innovation Australia, will work closely with the CRC for Rail Innovation to ensure critical research undertaken during the Rail CRC s term can be further developed where necessary to benefit the industry. The tables on following pages outline in detail the research objectives and milestones identified by Rail CRC in its Commonwealth Agreement at its commencement, and the progress and performance towards meeting and achieving these tasks by the end of its life in It is clearly evident Rail CRC has been a significant example of success for the Australian Government s Cooperative Research Centre s Programme. 18 rail crc

19 At its official conclusion in June 2007, Rail CRC has provided industry with research programs and projects developed specifically for their needs programs and projects which have been estimated to deliver the Australian rail industry a risk free present value of $1.6 billion through increased productivity and reduced maintenance costs. Programme Leaders Name Organisation Position / Role Prof Peter Wolfs Prof Buddhima Indraratna Central Queensland University University of Wollongong Theme Leader Theme 1: Smart Train Intelligent Systems Theme Leader Theme 2: Innovative/Automated Track Maintenance and Upgrading Technologies Prof Phil Howlett Prof Luis Ferreira Prof Ian Marshall University of South Australia Queensland University of Technology Monash University Theme Leader Theme 3: Optimal Traffic Control and Scheduling Theme Leader Theme 4: Systems and Standards for Railways Theme Leader Theme 5: New Materials and Components for Railways Assoc Prof Ken Kwong Central Queensland University Theme Leader Theme Six: Industry Skills Development (Education and Training) annual report 19

20 Theme 1 Smart Train Intelligent Systems T H E M E 1 L E A D E R : Prof Peter Wolfs Central Queensland University Faculty of Sciences, Engineering and Health Phone: (07) Rail CRC s Theme 1 aimed to improve safety, reliability and productivity through advances in on-board computers, on-board train condition monitoring systems, and wireless data transmission from wayside monitoring systems. Intelligent Systems can analyse variable data such as train location, speed restrictions, and train and track conditions to determine safer, optimised performance and capacity for the railway industry. Theme 1 projects also include research into new products and systems for brakes and bogie rotation friction management. Related Projects Project Project Name No. 1/147 National centre for simulation modelling and derailment investigation 2/150 Determination of train/track health and speed restriction decision support systems (Health Card) 17 Signatures from wheel-rail interaction for the development of strategic decision support systems (completed prior to 06/07) 26 Vehicle characterisation and sensitivity to track conditions (completed prior to 06/07) 44/146 Braking system modelling 82 Bogie rotation friction management 148 Using performance-based vehicle/track data 151 Brake system design 20 rail crc

21 M a j o r o u t c o m e s f o r t h e y e a r f r o m T h e m e 1 i n c l u d e d : Modelling developed in Rail CRC Project 1/147 National Centre for Simulation Modelling is of interest to industry partner Pacific National. Commercial applications of the software, to allow combined modelling of train and wagon dynamics, may improve analysis in areas of traction, wagon and derailment studies The software developed in Project 147 may provide an answer for rail consultants by providing a professional package to analyse train-wagon-track performance Continuing investigation of the Project 2 Health Card product being packaged as a commercial supplement to the OZ- ECP brake product developed in Project 40/149 for a more comprehensive rail industry braking and train and track assessment tool Completion of Project 44/146, producing a simulation software package that provides detailed gas dynamic modelling of the Australian train brake system variation, in addition to new concepts to assist rail operators improve the propagation speed of air brakes in long trains The use of modelling developed in Rail CRC Project 82 by industry partner QR with their KLEX derailment simulations. Despite delays in the manufacture of a test rig by external suppliers, full scale testing of bogie rotation including track twist will be completed by the end of the next financial year Project 151 has produced a prototype brake controller which will be linked into the OZ-ECP braking system. annual report 21

22 Research Program Objectives/Milestones Theme 1: Smart Train Intelligent Systems Objectives & Milestones Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) Reasons why not achieved (if applicable) Strategies to achieve unmet milestones Objective 1.1 To improve reliability of train operation and reduce maintenance costs Milestone Integrated train model 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Projects 1/147, Project 2/150, Project 82, Project 17, Project 151 Objective 1.2 To reduce the risk of derailment, and improve rail safety Milestone Intelligent driver s decision support system with train and track condition monitoring 30/06/2007 Yes This milestone was around 70% achieved. Prototype developed and field tested. Have yet to develop mechanism to feedback to driver. Masters Thesis due to finish in Further work to achieve an integrated system is being conducted via the new CRC for Rail Innovation Project/s involved Project 2/150, Project 17, Project 148 Objective 1.3 To improve rail productivity by achieving maximum train speed and turnaround times for existing infrastructure and train conditions Milestone Decision support system for setting speed restrictions 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 1/147, 2/150, Project 17, Project 148, Project 154 (in Theme 3) Objective 1.4 To render the train safe from collisions and accident by enhanced on-board awareness of train/track condition and the traffic environment Milestone On-board system for train semi-automatic operation 30/06/2007 No This project was very ambitious. It was not possible to achieve in the timeframe available. The new CRC for Rail Innovation is considering further development work completed to date on this milestone. Project/s involved Project 1/147, Project 2/ rail crc

23 T h e m e 2 I n n o v a t i v e / A u t o m a t e d Tr a c k M a i n t e n a n c e a n d U p g r a d i n g Te c h n o l o g i e s T H E M E 2 L E A D E R : Prof Buddhima Indraratna University of Wollongong School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering Phone: (02) Theme 2 focused on the critical area of track, ballast and track structure performance, which is a substantial cost for the overall rail system. Projects have developed technologies and systems for track maintenance and upgrading, to ensure safer and more reliable rail operations. Automated real-time inspection systems with the ability to detect rail lubrication failures and noise, offer safety and environmental outcomes, while research into the use of recycled ballast, and the feasibility of improving track stability through native vegetation near tracks aims to substantially reduce maintenance costs. Related Projects Project No. Project Name 5/23 Dynamic analysis of track and assessment of its capacity with reference to concrete sleepers 6/139 Ballast-track interaction and the effective use of recycled ballast with geosynthetics for improved track design and enforced drainage 18/157 Rail corrugation control 36/161 Onboard wheel-wear and wheel-rail-noise assessment system 75 Development of novel insulated joints 86 The feasibility of improving rail infrastructure by introducing native vegetation on clay soil sites 158 Rail corrugation prediction and prevention Stress-strain and filtration characteristics of subballast Track maintenance scheduling models (completing prior to 06/07) annual report 23

24 M a j o r o u t c o m e s f o r t h e y e a r f r o m T h e m e 2 i n c l u d e d : Utilisation of the Rail CRC-developed Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System developed in project 36/161, by Rail CRC participants QR and RailCorp, in operation, to assist meet their environmental impact monitoring requirements. Australian Rail Track Corporation is currently using several of the prototypes and report they are performing well. Rail CRC participant RailCorp amended their organisation s ballast standards as a result of research findings and recommendations from the world-leading project 6/139 investigating ballast-track interaction and the effective use of recycled ballast in rail track design and construction. RailCorp also submitted the revised ballast standards to the Australian Standards for National adoption. Utilisation by Queensland Rail and RailCorp of outcomes of Project 75 researching the development of novel insulated joints to improve the performance of joints in track and reduce maintenance costs Receipt of a Research Award for the Best Paper by a University Researcher by Rail CRC researcher Associate Professor M Dhanasekar and Rail CRC postgraduate student T Pang for their paper on Project 75 Novel insulated joints submitted to the 9th International Railway Engineering Conference 2007 held in London on 20-21st June 2007 awarded by Engineering Technics Press, Edinburgh Scotland UK. Final development of D-TRACK software (developed in Project 5/23) to model a variety of track conditions and train parameters for rail operators including: behaviour of concrete, timber or steel sleepers; the influence of rail pads; the influence of the track bed; narrow, broad or standard gauge track; various wagon and bogie characteristics; and discrete or continuous defects in the wheel and in the rail head. Some industry partners and several external consultants have expressed an interest in the final product. Industry partners Australian Rail Track Corporation and Queensland Rail have made significant investments in trial plots in Victoria and Central Queensland to investigate the feasibility of using native vegetation to stabilise and improve rail infrastructure (Project 86). A range of different research projects underway at partner universities have investigated different aspects of vegetation s effectiveness in stabilising soil, with a model developed at University of Wollongong to predict the drying influence of a tree to assist track managers optimise planting through the rail corridor. Projects 18/157 and 158 have been investigating rail corrugation issues. A corrugation prediction model has been developed and validated which identifies the rail operational factors that are most significant in the development of rail corrugation. Consistency of speed has been identified as a leading cause of corrugation. An innovative advisory speed system is currently being prototyped to vary train speeds at corrugation-prone locations. 24 rail crc

25 Research Program Objectives/Milestones Theme 2: Innovative/Automated Track Maintenance and Upgrading Technologies Objectives & Milestones Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) Reasons why not achieved (if applicable) Strategies to achieve unmet milestones Objective 2.1 To improve track reliability and rail operational safety Milestone Integrated automatic track inspection system and field implementation: including predictive intelligent system of track reliability and safety through real time monitoring and integration with central stations. 30/06/2007 No Automation has not been achieved; however considerable progress has been made towards developing the tools necessary to build this visionary integrated system. The technologies developed to address this milestone will be fundamental to future projects within the new CRC for Rail Innovation. Project/s involved Project 36/161, Project 18/157, Project 158, Project 148 (in Theme 1), Project 2/150 (in Theme 1) Objective 2.2 To reduce track construction, maintenance and upgrading costs Milestone Comprehensive Track Management Models through computer simulations and real time data interpretation, and applications in Australian Railways. 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 6/139, Project 163, Project 18/157, Project 158, Project 5/23, Project 86, Project 75 Milestone Implementation of modern track designs utilising geosynthetics and waste materials 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 6/139, Project 163 Milestone Innovative hardware and/or software products in the area of modern track design, construction and maintenance practices 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 5/23, Project 6/139, Project 163, Project 75, Project 36/161, Project 86 Objective 2.3 To increase rail productivity by minimising inspection and maintenance time Milestones Development of risk managing standards for track, and decision support system backing up operations. 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 18/157, Project 158, Project 36/161, Project 5/23 annual report 25

26 Theme 3 aims to improve traffic flow through rail networks, increase rail capacity and flexibility, reduce fuel costs and emissions and improve safety. T h e m e 3 - O p t i m a l Tr a ff i c C o n t r o l a n d S c h e d u l i n g T H E M E 3 L E A D E R : Prof Phil Howlett University of South Australia School of Mathematics and Statistics Phone: (08) Directing traffic flow through a rail network has historically been a complex and lengthy task, and one impacting rail operators, freight forwarders and passengers alike. Theme 3 aims to improve traffic flow through rail networks, increase rail capacity and flexibility, reduce fuel costs and emissions and improve safety. Research includes software to develop optimum train plans, track maintenance schedules and crew rosters, and the development of on-board advice systems to help drivers stay on schedule while minimising fuel consumption. Related Projects Project Project Name No. The development of an integrated scheduling 12 system for long haul rail networks (completed prior to 06/07) 13 15/155 20/156 Decision support tools for assessing network performance and reliability (completed prior to 06/07) Development of in cab advice systems for improving timekeeping and reducing energy consumption on long haul rail networks Dynamic rescheduling on long haul rail networks/ Automated Scheduling Case Studies 154 Assessing the impact of speed restrictions 26 rail crc

27 M a j o r o u t c o m e s f o r t h e y e a r f r o m T h e m e 3 i n c l u d e d : Ongoing trials by Pacific National of the Rail CRC and TMG-developed FreightMiser product (Project 15) on the interstate rail network from Kalgoorlie in Western Australia to Broken Hill in New South Wales. Commercial terms have been negotiated with Rail CRC and TMG (Worley Parsons) for Pacific National to utilise FreightMiser in full revenue service at the end of 2007 Ongoing trials of Rail CRC and TMGdeveloped ScheduleMiser network scheduling software (Project 20) to assist Queensland Rail with network capacity issues in the Central Queensland coal corridor Ongoing use of the web-based calculator and prototype software developed in Project 154 to measure the impact of temporary speed restrictions by the Australian Rail Track Corporation. annual report 27

28 Research Program Objectives/Milestones Theme 3: Optimal Traffic Control and Scheduling Objectives & Milestones Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) Reasons why not achieved (if applicable) Strategies to achieve unmet milestones Objective 3.1 To improve safety of passengers and operators Milestone Communication system between train drivers and traffic control operators 30/06/07 No This project was cancelled due to changing industry needs. It is not planned to progress this project further. Project/s involved Project 19/54 (in Theme 3) Objective 3.2 To introduce nation-wide standards for network communication and control systems. Milestone National standards for wireless communications 30/06/2007 No This project was cancelled due to changing industry needs. It is not planned to progress this project further. Project/s involved Project 19/54 (in Theme 3) Objective 3.3 To optimise track capacity and improve rail productivity through improved scheduling algorithms Milestone Software for integrated train and crew scheduling 30/06/07 Yes Train scheduling was achieved. Differences in industrial relations agreements around Australia made the crew scheduling component of this software impractical. New CRC for Rail Innovation is developing projects to better align optimal crew scheduling wihin the industry from an OH&S perspective. If this is achieved, changes to the software may be integrated. Project/s Involved Project 12, Project 13, Project 20/156 Milestone Software tools for dynamic train rescheduling 30/06/07 Yes Project/s involved Project 12, Project 13, Project 20/156 Milestone Software for optimising train composition and loading process 30/06/07 Yes Project/s involved Project 22 (in Theme 4) Milestone Software for integrated driver advice system with communication to the central traffic control system 30/06/07 Yes Project/s involved Project 15/155 Milestone Results of efficiency evaluation for a fully integrated driver advice system including fuel consumption 30/06/07 Yes Project/s involved Project 15/155 Milestone Materials and training course for improving efficiency of driving techniques and minimising fuel consumption 30/06/07 Yes Project/s involved Project 24, Project 15/ rail crc

29 Theme 4 Systems and Standards for Rail Management T H E M E 4 L E A D E R : Prof Luis Ferreira Queensland University of Technology Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering Phone: (07) Improving the unification of Australia s railway system through standardisation of information and outcomes is the key aim of Theme 4. The theme aims to investigate and develop nationwide rail information and electronic service systems, and assist the optimal performance of rail compared to, and at the services interface with, other transportation modes. These systems, as well as research into environmental standards and technologies and safety programs, all aim to make rail a more attractive mode of transport. Related Projects Project No /4/ /54 22 Project Name Adoption of e-business systems in the Australian rail industry - impediments and likely benefits Track analysis and performance system to benchmark maintenance activities Communication standards for the Australian rail network (This project was cancelled prior to 06/07) An integrated system to optimise container transfers at multi-modal terminals (completed prior to 06/07) 24 Rail transport energy efficiency and sustainability 83 The development of a community intervention programme for level crossing education 158 Rail corrugation prediction and prevention Development of integrated rail grinding and lubrication models Study of cost effective alternatives to hardwood timber sleepers annual report 29

30 M a j o r o u t c o m e s f o r t h e y e a r f r o m T h e m e 4 i n c l u d e d : Ongoing development of community education programs targeted at the highest risk road-user groups for level crossing incidents truck drivers, younger drivers and older drivers in Project 83 Development and dissemination of a printed information sheet by the rail industry association - Australasian Railway Association - utilising findings from Project 24 Rail Transport Energy Efficiency and Sustainability to espouse the facts in relation to rail transport being a safer, cleaner and greener mode of transport compared to road transport Provision of papers developed in Project 10 Adoption of e-business systems in the Australian rail industry impediments and likely benefits to the rail industry via the Rail CRC website 30 rail crc

31 Research Program Objectives/Milestones Theme 4: Systems and Standards for Rail Management Objectives & Milestones Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) Reasons why not achieved (if applicable) Strategies to achieve unmet milestones Objective 4.1 To facilitate the development of a united Australia-wide sustainable railway service. Milestone Established railway specific national guidelines on the environment and sustainability 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Milestone Project/s involved Project 24 Integrated management systems implementations within industry Project 10 30/06/07 No To date, there has not been industrywide adoption of the recommendations Continued dissemination of the recommendations to industry. Objective 4.2 To reduce rail noise and dust pollution and improve environmental protection Milestone Australian energy use database established 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 24 Milestone Project/s involved Milestone Verification of Australian fuel and energy use models Project 24 Completed energy usage case studies and industry audits resulting in energy use reductions 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project 24 Objective 4.3 To improve rail customers service efficiency using e-business systems Milestone Project/s involved At least one e-business system widely used across Australia Project 10 30/06/07 No Studies completed and recommendations developed but not yet adopted Further dissemination of the recommendations to industry Objective 4.4 To improve rail management efficiency by providing managers with technology scanning/ information database Milestone Decision support system available and demonstrating economic benefits 30/06/07 Yes Project/s involved Project 11/4/159 annual report 31

32 Theme 5 - New Materials and Components for Railways T H E M E 5 L E A D E R : Prof Ian Marshall Monash University Faculty of Engineering Phone: (03) The systems and infrastructure of Australia s railway system are largely inherited from European and North American standards, so there is enormous potential for the development of new products and innovative system design tailored to Australian conditions. Theme 5 is focused on developing new railway materials and components to improve rail performance, extend life cycles and reduce maintenance costs. Projects include research into bogie design to provide significant improvements on curving performance, work on fatigue, life and durability of aging rollingstock and other rail infrastructure, studies into the benefits of diesel fuel additives and new break-through brake technology at a fraction of the cost of adoption of new ECP technology available on the international market. Related Projects Project Project Name No. 38 Bogie structural design for Australian operators 143 Assessment and strengthening of rail bridges 40/149 OZ-ECP Train brake development 41 New steel for rails, wheels and vehicle components 42/ Wayside detection systems (completed prior to 06/07) Assessment of the effect of diesel fuel additives on locomotive performance and operation A review of factors affecting allowable cant deficiency levels 144 Management and assessment of aging rollingstock 32 rail crc

33 M a j o r o u t c o m e s f o r t h e y e a r f r o m T h e m e 5 i n c l u d e d : Ongoing meetings with Francebased international brake supplier Faiveley Transportation in relation to commercialisation of Rail CRC-developed OZ-ECP brake technology, which is expected to change braking system operations in Australia and impact the international brake market by ensuring strong competition and reduced prices for competitive products. It is expected a commercial application of the Rail CRCdeveloped product from Project 40/149 may be available by Conclusion of the rail cant deficiency project 96, which Rail CRC participant Australian Rail Track Corporation estimates could save approximately $1 billion from reduced journey times resulting from the application of this project s findings on their North-South corridor Completion of project 143 with significant results including the development of a methodology to strengthen rail bridges using carbon composite reinforcing plates attached with a super high-strength glue, rather than the traditional welding of steel doubler-plates a world first using an innovative aeronautical technique in the rail industry. Development of a model to assess the remaining fatigue life of rollingstock in Project 144, with industry partner Pacific National particularly interested in utilising the tool developed in the project for their wagon life estimation. Completion of project 55, of which the main aim was to measure the effectiveness of diesel fuel additives (which were found to be of non-existent value), with secondary outputs including valuable advice to the industry on testing of alternative fuels such as bio-diesel and diesel engine exhaust emissions and locomotive emissions The development of new alloy steel for rail wheels in project 41, with a provisional patent filed and planning for large-scale testing underway. The new steel is expected to reduce maintenance costs substantially through reduced wear and increase safety and loads. annual report 33

34 3.5 Research Program Objectives/Milestones Theme 5: New Materials and Components for Railways Objectives & Milestones Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) Reasons why not achieved (if applicable) Strategies to achieve unmet milestones Objective 5.1 To increase railway component life cycle and reduce maintenance costs Milestone Project/s involved Milestone Project/s involved Objective 5.2 Milestone Project/s involved Milestone Project/s involved Milestone Project/s involved Milestone Project/s involved Objective 5.3 Milestone Project/s involved Objective 5.4 Milestone Project/s involved Develop and manufacture modified bogies for testing including both structural and performance-based modifications. Project 38 Laboratory test of new bogie designs under Australian defined operating conditions, review and refine optimal design Project 38, Project 82 (in Theme 2) To improve efficiency of railway asset usage Field trials of alternative system designs including monitoring system. Project 40/149, Project 2/150 (in Theme 1) Trial installation of enhanced trackside detection systems Project 42/141, Project 36/161 (in Theme 2) Develop, implement and assess analysis algorithms for use of trackside data Project 42/121, Project 26/161 (in Theme 2) Wayside monitoring system available for efficiency assessment Project 42/121, Project 36/161 (In Theme 2) To increase reliability of rail systems and components Test results of new materials and/or processes Project 41, Project 38/143, Project 75 (in Theme 2) To improve safety of train operation through advanced braking technologies Trial modified braking systems and assess performance Project 40/149, Project 44/146 (in Theme 1) 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/07 Yes 30/06/2007 Yes 30/06/07 Yes 34 rail crc

35 The number of significant Rail CRC technologies, software and new processes developed over the life of the Centre highlight the absolute success of Rail CRC s internal research collaborations. Research Collaborations As a fine wine matures over time, so too have the quality and successes of Rail CRC s collaborative arrangements to advance the research outcomes documented for the Centre. University to university, university to industry, CRC to CRC and national to international research organisation collaborations have assisted Rail CRC to meet many of its research milestones. Internal Rail CRC collaboration Rail CRC s project management systems dictate strong research collaboration, with each project involving a project steering committee numbering university, industry and Rail CRC management personnel to ensure project objectives, outcomes and milestones are achieved to their fullest potential. Regular steering committee meetings throughout the life of the project ensure that industry needs are continuously at the forefront of research progress and that research and project challenges have the widest scope of input to be resolved for industry benefit. The number of significant Rail CRC technologies, software and new processes developed over the life of the Centre highlight the absolute success of Rail CRC s internal research collaborations. Changing ballast standards Strong university and industry collaboration on a project investigating the effective use of recycled ballast with geosynthetics in rail track design and construction heralded significant results with Rail CRC participant RailCorp, due to the strong involvement of its industry personnel, implementing changes to their organisation s ballast standards. This was a significant undertaking and an enormous coup for the world-leading research of the lead University of Wollongong researcher, Professor Buddhima Indraratna. OZ-ECP brakes a new brake product for Australia Outstanding ongoing collaboration between Queensland Rail, Monash University and Central Queensland University continues to be a beacon of success for Rail CRC s research program. Brake concept and industry advice from Queensland Rail has been married with the hardware expertise of Monash University and the software capabilities of Central Queensland University researchers to create a new Rail CRC OZ-ECP brake product which has the potential to change the landscape of the international brake market. Scheduling solutions for an industry in need Rail CRC participant TMG Worley Parsons and the mathematical masterminds of University of South Australia researchers have collaborated throughout the life of the CRC on a range of scheduling and optimisation tools. The task for the 2006/07 year particularly has been to work closely with Rail CRC participant Queensland Rail to devise and trial a scheduling solution with Rail CRC s ScheduleMiser software to assist manage the bottleneck and network capacity issues of the booming Central Queensland coal corridor. Inter-CRC Cooperation Cooperative research being undertaken by Rail CRC, the CRC for Wood Innovations and industry partners from both CRC s has heralded a significant research breakthrough, determining that softwood timber as an alternative to hardwood from old-growth forests is technically suitable for use for rail sleepers. In plentiful supply in plantations throughout Australian, the softwood is now being investigated further by the CRC for Wood Innovations to determine if it can be produced to the exact specifications required on a large scale for the industry. International Collaboration Rail CRC continued to be an active member of the Transport Technology Center Incorporated (TTCI) in the United States in , with TTCI Assistant Vice-President of Business Development, Mr Firdausi Irani, invited to present at the Rail CRC Showcase in Brisbane in June 2007 to impart his experience to Rail CRC s attendees on Taking Research from Vision to Reality for the Railway Industry in North America. In addition Chief Executive of Rail CRC Professor Dudley Roach continued as Deputy Chair of the International Rail Research Board and a representative of the International Union of Railways World Executive Council and their Transport and Research Commission. Professor Roach and one of Rail CRC s lead Monash researchers, Professor Bruce Kuhnell, were invited to present papers to the UIC s Interaction Seminar on Rollingstock Technology in Seoul, Korea in October annual report 35

36 COMMERCIALISATION & UTILISATION An independent report commissioned by the Cooperative Research Centres Association Incorporated in 2005 and conducted by The Allen Consulting Group, The Economic Impact of CRC s in Australia: Delivering Benefits for Australia highlighted that the average time between the foundation of a CRC and the commencement of measured economic impacts was nine years. Considering this and the fact that the life of any CRC is only seven years, the statements by the fifth year Independent Review Panel of Rail CRC in 2006 its fifth year - are significantly positive for Rail CRC in relation to its commercialisation and utilisation activities. prior to the commencement of the CRC, little rail research was being done in Australia outside QR and BHP. Therefore it has taken some years for CRC projects to get to the commercialisation and technology transfer stage. The reviewers consider that the CRC is to be commended on achieving this stage early in a number of areas. Rail CRC Fifth Year Independent Review Report, Pg 9 Technology Transfer Rail CRC continually updates its Technology Transfer Plan, which maps the developed and potential Intellectual Property (IP) in progress across the Rail CRC research program, in conjunction with commercialisation strategies suitable for each individual type of outcome, whether product or process. This plan presents a short summary of research outputs from each project, provides a potential value of benefits flowing from research to the railway industry and IP owners and outlines the adopted commercialisation or utilisation strategy. The Plan also lists the reported incidences of industry uptake of Rail CRC research outcomes. In addition to this plan, in 2007 Rail CRC staged a Rail Technology Showcase in Brisbane on 6-7 June, to transfer the knowledge and experiences of the Rail CRC research program to the Australian and international railway industry. The event was a significant success with more than 130 delegates from Australia and overseas hearing from more than twenty Rail CRC, industry and international speakers on Rail CRC research and leading international examples of rail innovation. Delegates received a CD of presentations and information on Rail CRC research projects. Industry uptake and utilisation Every Rail CRC project has at least one industry organisation which has lead the project through the research, and if necessary, commercialisation stages. Due to the fact Rail CRC research projects were initiated and lead by industry, the rate of adoption of research outputs has been high. The recognition of the benefits of Rail CRC research resulted in more than $350,000 additional cash contributions from industry partners in 2006/07 a 100 per cent increase on the previous year. Rail CRC s industry participants are predominantly the users of the Centre s research and enjoy preferential, or in many cases, free of charge access to research outputs. The following excerpts have been taken directly from Rail CRC industry participants on the tangible benefits of utilising Rail CRC research outcomes: 36 rail crc

37 For rail track operators, the innovative research means significantly reduced maintenance costs, improved rail transportation safety and less quarry waste-product all related to the adoption of a new ballast grading, already in use by RailCorp. As a result of this research project, we now have new standards of ballast construction that have the potential to reduce settlement of track, minimise breakage of the ballast and increase the lateral stability of the track. Mr David Christie, Senior Geotechnical Advisor, RailCorp. Project 6/139 Ballast track interaction and use of geosynthetics in rail track design and construction. Work on the dynamic performance of concrete railway sleepers will lead to a major revision of the relevant Australian Standards and on current indications it appears that QR will be able to increase the axle loading on existing sleepers without reducing the safety or reliability. This potentially has significant cost savings where QR Limited is considering increasing the operating axle load from 20 to 26 tonnes. Previously QR Limited would have replaced the lower rated sleepers. Mr Brian Bock, Acting Executive Manager Strategy and Corporate Affairs, QR Project 5/23 Dynamic analysis of track and assessment of its capacity in relation to concrete sleepers As a result of these findings, ARTC has estimated that transit times could be significantly reduced by allowing trains to run faster without compromising safety levels. For example in the case of a train running between Melbourne and Brisbane, the research findings mean a potential saving of 100 minutes off the total transit time. One minute in transit time because of deviations or other infrastructure improvements can cost up to $10 million so it could cost up to $1 billion to achieve the same transit time savings as will be achieved by increasing cant deficiency. This Rail CRC research makes Australia a world leader in wheel squeal noise analysis. The reason we (RailCorp) found this invaluable is that it enables us to use extremely inexpensive equipment to capture noise recordings and then carry out accurate and targeted noise analysis from recordings collected over an extended period of time. Instead of costing $100,000 s to monitor wheel squeal for extended periods, it can now be done for just a few thousand dollars. Mr David Anderson, Environmental Specialist, RailCorp Project 36 Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System Mr Fred Mau, Consultant, Australian Rail Track Corporation Project 96 A review of factors affecting allowable cant deficiency levels annual report 37

38 FreightMiser has been running under trial in Pacific National for six months and the feedback to date is very promising. Fuel usage reduction is paramount in our industry and the introduction of advice systems such as this may provide a means to achieve significant savings. Mr Adam Boughton, Engineering Manager Operations Services Engineering, Pacific National Project 15 FreightMiser Commercialisation Rail CRC has reached commercialisation stage on a number of its innovative research projects. ScheduleMiser The train scheduling software ScheduleMiser developed under Rail CRC Project 20 as a collaboration of University of South Australia and TMG International has been licensed to TMG International (now Worley Parsons Rail). The product is currently being trialled by the Australian Rail Track Corporation, and has been purchased by ONTRACK, New Zealand. Licensing fees have not yet been received for this transaction. FreightMiser FreightMiser, the fuel optimisation software and advice system developed under Project 15 by University of South Australia and TMG International, is currently being trialled by industry participant Pacific National, through Rail CRC s commercialisation partner TMG International. Pacific National are negotiating commercial arrangements to purchase the product. TMG International has attracted interest for FreightMiser also from the Transport Technology Center Incorporated (TTCI) in the US, from Sweden and Norway. Negotiations are also underway with India regarding technology trials. OZ-ECP Brakes In the case of innovative Rail CRC technologies requiring further commercial development, Rail CRC has applied for commercial grants using matching funding from industry participants and external commercialisation partners. A successful application for $870,000 from the Queensland Government s Innovation Projects Fund was submitted in April 2007, by a consortium comprising the Rail CRC spin-off company Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd, Faiveley Transport (France), Central Queensland University and Monash University. A meeting scheduled for September 2007 was set to finalise the commercial arrangements for ongoing development of the OZ-ECP product. The total contributions to the project from industry partners QR and Faiveley Transport (France) were expected to be more than $2.5 million. Education Programs At the end of its six year life, Rail CRC has three postgraduate rail education programs which are being offered by partner universities Railway Signalling, Rollingstock Engineering and Operations Management. Rail CRC currently has a royalty stream in excess of $100,000 per annum from these programs. The addition of a fourth course on Railway Infrastructure will add to this royalty stream from Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System The Rail CRC-developed Rail Noise and Wear Assessment software system has currently been licensed to RailCorp to assist them meet their environmental noise monitoring requirements. Five RailCorpdeveloped prototype hardware units are being used in conjunction with the Rail CRC software on operational trains by RailCorp, the Australian Rail Track Corporation and QR. Investigations are underway to jointly commercialise the Rail CRC and RailCorp software and hardware. 38 rail crc

39 R a i l I n n o v a t i o n A u s t r a l i a Rail CRC was successful in its application for a New from Existing CRC in 2006, and as such the Board of Rail CRC approved licensing of the developed intellectual property to its spin-off company Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd. This transaction was approved by the Department of Science, Education and Training on 31 January The licensing of Centre IP by participants to Rail Innovation Australia in return for equity share was still being finalised in mid The equity capital was valued by independent consultants as net present value (NPV) of current royalty stream at $250,000. It is envisaged that Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd will work closely with the new CRC for the rail industry, CRC for Rail Innovation, in the provision of research services to the rail industry. Rail Innovation Australia has the following company objectives: a) To manage, grow and commercialise in Australia and globally, Company Intellectual Property b) To maximise the value of the Company and returns to shareholders c) To expand and develop Company Intellectual Property including: o Acquisition of Intellectual Property, and o Value adding company Intellectual Property d) To develop new and innovative products and technologies for railway including in partnership or collaborative alliances between any permutation or combination of the Company, shareholders and others; e) To undertake ongoing technology scanning in Australia and overseas and to identify intellectual property and technologies which may be beneficially applied in the railway industry f) To grow the capabilities, intellectual potential and business performance of shareholders through cooperation in research and development, technology development and innovation in Australia and globally; and g) To deliver consultancies, projects and other services related to research, training and technology transfer as directed by the Directors annual report 39

40 Commercialisation and Utilisation Outputs and/or Milestones Milestone No. Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) 4.1 Annual market research to focus the Centre research and commercialisation strategies 30/06/07 Yes Technology Transfer Plan continues to be updated as technology transfer and commercialisation of technologies becomes the key focus of the Centre winding down 4.2 Industry, participants and the Centre benefits from research commercialisation are on target values set in Strategic and Operational Plans. Commercialisation income as per strategic plan: 2005/06 $70,000 30/06/06 (no identified targets for 06/07) Yes Actual commercialisation income by June 2007 was $91,000 with $400,000 additional income secured from participants for 2006/ Ongoing maintenance of information webdatabase for the railway industry 30/06/07 Yes relaunched website resource offering more comprehensive database for industry participants maintained regularly Patents Patent Applications Title Application Number Date of Filing Priority Date Analysis of Wheel-Rail Noise Not maintained in as the market is rather small and the protection is expensive. The software will be protected by copyright and commercialised in combination with wireless communication devices Project 36/161 Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brake System Maintained Project 40/149 Estimation of Wheel-Rail Interaction Forces Maintained Project 2/150 New Patent: Treatment of Railway Wheels Project 41 PCT/AU2005/ August August 2004 PCT/AU2006/ May May 2005 PCT/AU2006/ June June 2005 Provisional AU June June rail crc

41 End-user Involvement and CRC Impact on End-users End-user Involvement in CRC Activities End-user name Relationship with CRC (e.g. Industry, Participant, International) Type of activity and end-user location Nature / scale of benefits to end-user (e.g. exports increase, productivity, employment) Actual or expected benefit to end-user ($ terms) QR Limited Industry Participant QLD, Research management & adoption and commercialisation, technology trials Research User Increase in network capacity (Project 40/149) Reduction in track maintenance costs (Project 86, Project 6/139, Project 11/4) Staff training (Project 60, Project 170, Project 63) RailCorp Industry Participant NSW, Research management & adoption and commercialisation, technology trials Research User Reduced cost of environmental compliance (Project 36/161) Savings in track maintenance and upgrade (Project 6/139) Improved train scheduling on a city network (Project 20) Staff training (Project 60, Project 170, Project 63) ARTC Industry Participant NSW & SA, Research management & adoption and commercialisation, technology trials Research User Improved bridge management (Project 143), Adoption of environmentally friendly track maintenance techniques (Project 86), improved network scheduling (Project 156) Increased speed around curves (Project 96) $1 billion benefits reported in Cant Deficiency project (Project 96) Pacific National Industry Participant NSW, Research management & adoption and commercialisation, technology trials Research User Reduced fuel consumption through trials of Freightmiser (Project 15) Up to 10 per cent reduction in fuel usage TMG International/ Worley Parsons Rail Australian Technology Supplier NSW, Research management & commercialisation, further technology and product development Technology Supplier Exclusive worldwide license for Freightmiser and Schedulemiser (Project 15, Project 20) Potential for sales in USA, UK, India, Sweden and Norway Faiveley Transport International Technology Supplier NSW, commercialisation, further technology and product development Technology Supplier Further development of the new product (OZ-ECP Brakes) in a joint venture (Project 40/149) Exclusive license for the new product - global market potential over $6 billion. annual report 41

42 COMMUNICATION STRATEGY The Rail CRC communications and marketing and management teams continued their efforts in 2006/07 to communicate fully with the Centre s key stakeholders, particularly in relation to the ongoing promotion and dissemination of Rail CRC research results. The following communications activities were undertaken during the year. Communication Collateral The 2006/07 year incorporated the branding developed in the 2005/06 year in the design and production of the following material: 2005/06 Annual Report - hard copy, CD-Rom and website Brochures CRC achievements and promotion tools for Education Program, student achievements e-newsletter template an embedded electronic newsletter template in keeping with contemporary best practice Event templates banners, form templates, CD-Rom disc and cover-slip templates, posters, event program, promotional media release template - for Rail CRC Technology Showcase in June 2007 e-media release template an embedded electronic media release template in keeping with contemporary best practice Continued development and maintenance of the Rail CRC website Rail CRC Express Newsletter An electronic HTML template was developed to allow the newsletter to be embedded directly in-text in distribution. This template was designed to link directly to the Rail CRC website, so stories were housed within the website. As well as taking full advantage of available technology and minimising the need to manage multiple copies of the same file, the newsletter transports all readers to the Rail CRC website to encourage further interest. In 2006/07, December, March, and May Newsletters were distributed to participants, media, and industry. ARA, industry and participants media/communications sections were asked to forward the newsletter to members throughout their organisations. Industry Consultation Survey In conjunction with CQU s Centre for Social Research, Rail CRC developed and implemented a communications survey with measurable outcomes. As well as collecting measurable data, the survey engaged Rail CRC s rail industry audience in best-practice two-way communication, leading to greater ownership and uptake by industry of Rail CRC communications information outputs. The survey was distributed to Rail CRC s contact database and was published on Rail CRC s website home page to catch further participants. The survey can be repeated to obtain further data to measure and chart the effectiveness of Rail CRC communication efforts. This survey indicated that rail industry representatives preferred easily accessible electronic forms of communication, and were interested in receiving increased communication from Rail CRC. Industry Association A meeting between the communications managers of the industry association, the Australasian Railway Association, and Rail CRC was held in February 2007 to share knowledge and identify synergies between the organisations and industry. As a result of this meeting, the Rail CRC s data base was expanded to include many more industry (including rail industry media) contacts to increase levels and reach of communication, collaboration and promotion of Rail CRC activities and outcomes. Events International Science Journalists Conference Melbourne Rail CRC aligned with six other CRCs to form a significant presence at the International Science Journalists Conference held in Melbourne in April Rail CRC shared a large presentation booth, which attracted heavy traffic and interest from international journalists. Rail CRC also included stories in the Conference delegate satchel and on the website. International media organisations expressed their interest in developing stories about Rail CRC research outcomes. 42 rail crc

43 More than 200 industry representatives requested and were given membership access to the website in 2006/07. Rail CRC Technology Showcase 2007 Rail CRC hosted a Technology Showcase of Rail CRC project outcomes with a focus on industry technology transfer and commercialisation opportunities in Brisbane on 7-8th June Approximately 130 industry representatives from Australia and overseas attended the one and a half day event held at the Brisbane Novotel. The event was promoted via media releases, newsletters, industry publications, and the website. All attendees received a folder and CD which included project information, Rail CRC s current status and official conclusion in 2007 and presenter presentations. Rail CRC received significant positive feedback about the organisation and outcomes of the event. Industry Report template A new Rail CRC Industry Report template was created to assist Rail CRC researchers produce a regular product for Rail CRC industry participants to increase their awareness, understanding and uptake of research outcomes within their rail organisations. This template was incorporated on the new Rail CRC website. Rail CRC researchers were urged to develop these reports at least bi-yearly so that industry could easily decipher both the technical and userbenefits of the research for implementation and dissemination within their organisations. Media Relations An electronic media release template was developed to enable media releases to be embedded in-text when ed. Each release included comments from at least one industry participant to offer a case study of the work and to promote the benefits of the research in real industry terms. Rail CRC prepared and distributed more than 35 media releases in 2006/07. Media coverage included regional, State and National media, including Track & Signal Magazine, The Australian newspaper, web-based science and technology portal Science Alert, various university publications, the Illawarra Mercury, ABC Radio, Lloyd s List DCN daily online bulletin, Rail Express Magazine, DEST s (Department of Education, Science and Training) Success through Innovation Newsletter, Materials Australia, Engineers Australia and regional TV News. Rail CRC Website The relaunched Rail CRC website continued to be updated in 2006/07 to transfer the research and technology of the Rail CRC research program to the rail industry. A web statistics programme was introduced during the year to monitor and assess access to the Rail CRC website. The statistics included: how many different computers access the site, which pages they visit, and search phrases used. In 2006/07, New Rail CRC and Rail Innovation Australia (the Rail CRC spin-off company) sections were added, with membership access capability. More than 200 industry representatives requested and were given membership access to the website in 2006/07. These new members were also added to Rail CRC s contact database, along with a number of other non-participant requests to join Rail CRC s mailing list. Visitors who added Rail CRC s site to their favourites totalled almost 5000 for the financial year. New Rail CRC Rail CRC s Communications and Marketing Manager was appointed interim Communications Manager for the New Rail CRC. An electronic template was developed as an Update bulletin, advising of news and progress from the New CRC. Seven bulletins were prepared and distributed in annual report 43

44 EDUCATION & TRAINING Theme 6 - Industry Skills Development T H E M E 6 L E A D E R : Associate Prof Ken Kwong Central Queensland University Faculty of Sciences, Engineering and Health Phone: (07) Theme 6 incorporates the obligation for an education and training component under the guidelines of the CRC Programme. For the Australian rail industry, education and training is a critical and timely issue. The industry as a whole is suffering from a well-documented skills shortage and an aging workforce. The Rail CRC recognised this, and also recognised there were no specific undergraduate degrees in railway engineering offered at Australian universities. Rail personnel working in railway engineering disciplines had to gain work-based experience to become proficient in their specific railway area. The aim of this programme was to address the skills shortage and meet the industry s current and future education and training needs through the development of targeted rail industry specialist courses. Related Projects Project Project Name No Continuing Professional Development Modules for Railway Signalling Knowledge base for rail industry (database recently being migrated to new rail CRC web site) Continuing Professional Development Modules for Rollingstock Engineering Continuing Professional Development Modules for Railway Civil Infrastructure Continuing Professional Development Modules for Rail Operations Management (this is a new project being fast-tracked for first intake from February 2007) 120 Rail labour market research 44 rail crc

45 Major outcomes for the year from Theme 6 included: The second cohort of graduates from the Central Queensland Universityoffered postgraduate signalling program completed their studies at the end of 2006, with a total of 26 students completing their Graduate Diplomas and 20 completing their Graduate Certificates since the courses inception. All students in the signalling program are employed within the industry, with many experiencing career advancement either before or shortly after their graduation from the course. Central Queensland University welcomed its first intake of students in the highly anticipated postgraduate operations management course with 34 students enrolled in Term University of Wollongong welcomed its first intake of students in the Graduate Certificate in Rollingstock Engineering with 12 students enrolled Planning and negotiations continued during the year for Queensland University of Technology to offer a Master of Railway Infrastructure from annual report 45

46 Education and Training Objectives/Milestones Objectives & Milestones Description Contracted Achievement Date Achieved (Yes or No) Reasons why not achieved (if applicable) Strategies to achieve unmet milestones Objective 6.1 To overcome industry s shortage in skilled specialists Milestone Project/s involved Objective 6.2 Milestone Project/s involved Courses for Railway Engineers and Managers available for delivery Project 60, Project 63, Project 65, Project 170 To improve rail efficiency by improving the skills of managers, engineers and specialists Re-training courses for industry professionals available for delivery. Project 60, Project 63, Project 65, Project /06/2007 Yes 30/06/2007 Yes Objective 6.3 To facilitate efficient information exchange Milestone On-going maintenance of information web-database for the railway industry. 30/06/2007 Yes Project/s involved Project rail crc

47 Postgraduate Students Student Name Degree Sought Enrolled at University Supervisor & Organisation Date Started Status Funding Source Project No. Thesis Title Vijay Ignatius PhD CQU Prof Peter Wolfs CQU Feb 02 Candidature Terminated Cash 1 Embedded Simulation of Vertical and Lateral Wagon Dynamics in Longitudinal Train Models Steven Bleakley ME CQU Dr Steven Senini CQU Feb 02 Master Degree Awarded Cash 2 Embeddable Signal Analysis of Wagon Acceleration Data to Detect Abnormal Wagon-Track Interaction G M Shafiullah ME CQU Prof Peter Wolfs CQU Jul 06 Ongoing Cash 2 Application of Wireless Sensor Networking Techniques to Train Health Monitoring Jeoff Leong ME QUT Dr Martin Murray QUT Jan 05 Master Thesis Examined In-Kind 5/23 Limit state concepts and concrete sleepers Sakdirat Kaewunruen PhD UoW Dr Alex Remennikov UoW Jul 04 Writing up Thesis Cash 5/23 Experimental and Numerical Studies for Predicting Dynamic Responses of Prestressed Concrete Sleepers to Impact Loading Mohammad Zakir Hossain PhD UoW Prof Buddhima Indraratna UoW Mar 03 Ongoing Part-Time Cash 6 Constitutive Modelling of Ballast Degradation Under Cyclic Loading Ali Ghandeharioon PhD UoW Prof Buddhima Indraratna and Dr Rujikiatkamjorn UoW Feb 06 Ongoing Cash 6 Effect of Strain Rate on the Extent of Smear Zone Surrounding Mandrel-Driven Vertical Drains Pramod Thakur PhD UoW Prof Buddhima Indraratna UoW Mar 06 Ongoing Cash 6 Aspects of Cyclic Densification and Breakage of Ballast under Railway Environments Clara Tetther PhD QUT Prof Luis Ferreira QUT Jan 03 Writing up Thesis Cash 10 A Framework for the Evaluation of Costs and Benefits in E-business in the Australian Rail Industry Haitham Hawari PhD QUT Dr Martin Murray QUT Feb 03 PhD Degree Awarded Top up S ship 11/4 Minimising Track Degradation Through Managing Vehicle- Track Interaction Michael Allt ME QUT Dr Martin Murray QUT Feb 05 Ongoing In-kind 11/4 Analysis of track roughness measurements to support economic railway operations Xuan Vu PhD UNISA Prof Phil Howlett UNISA Feb 02 PhD Degree Awarded Top up S ship 15 Improved Journey Optimisation Algorithms Parameter Estimation Algorithms Tien Vuong PhD UQ Dr Paul Meehan UQ Aug 04 Ongoing In-kind 18 Investigation of rail corrugation and control feasibilities annual report 47

48 Postgraduate Students continued Student Name Degree Sought Enrolled at University Supervisor & Organisation Date Started Status Funding Source Project No. Thesis Title Paul Ballette PhD UQ Dr Paul Meehan UQ Nov 05 Ongoing Cash 158 Analysis of Rail Corrugation and it s control Ross Batten PhD UQ Dr Paul Meehan UQ Jan 07 Ongoing Cash 158 Field and Experimental analysis of rail corrugation and it s control Jason Smith PhD QUT A/Prof Mark Looi QUT Aug 02 PhD Degree Awarded Cash 19/54 Secure Rail Communications in Heterogenous IP Networks Amie Albrecht PhD UNISA A/Prof David Panton UNISA Mar 02 Writing up Thesis Top up S ship 20 Integrated Scheduling and Dynamic Rescheduling on Long-Haul Rail Networks Andy Wong PhD QUT A/Prof Erhan Kozan QUT Jan 03 Writing up Thesis Cash 22 Optimising Handling, Transfers and Locations at Multimodal Container Terminals Joanne Lackenby PhD UoW Prof Buddhima Indraratna UoW Feb 02 PhD Degree Awarded Cash 6 Triaxial Behaviour of Ballast and The Role of Confining Pressure under Cyclic Loading Nurul Islam PhD UoW Dr Jiandong Jiang UoW Sep 02 Resigned Cash 26 Systems Identification of Engineering Systems Nicole Whitburn ME Monash A/Prof Raafat Ibrahim Monash Apr 02 Master Degree Awarded Cash 38 Evaluation and Optimisation of Low Stress Freight Train Wheel Designs Hubert Mok ME Monash A/Prof Wing Kong Chiu Monash Aug 02 Master Degree Awarded Cash 42 Analysis of Wheel-Rail Impact Loads and Effectiveness of Wayside Detection Systems Khaled Alkhaleefi PhD Monash Dr Damon Honnery Monash Feb 02 PhD Thesis Examination In-Kind 55 Effects of Fuel Additives on Combustion and Performance of Direct Injection Diesel Engines Lilia Stamatova PhD Monash Dr Damon Honnery Monash Oct 02 Resigned Cash 55 Effect of Pulsation on Spray Formation and Mixing Nirmal Mandal PhD CQU A/Prof Manicka Dhanasekar CQU Dec 03 Ongoing Part-time Cash 75 Improved Design of Glued Insulated Joints in Rails 48 rail crc

49 Student Name Degree Sought Enrolled at University Supervisor & Organisation Date Started Status Funding Source Project No. Thesis Title Tony Pang ME CQU A/Prof Manicka Dhanasekar CQU Jun 05 Masters Thesis Examination Cash 75 Study of Wheel-Rail Contact- Impact Forces at Insulated Rail Joints Leonora Wehrmann PhD UoW A/Prof Tara Chandra UoW May 04 Writing up Thesis Cash 75 Development of New Ceramic to Steel Joint for Rail Track Application Michelle Pearce ME CQU Mr Scott Simson CQU Sep 03 Master Degree Awarded Cash 82 Railway Operational Benefits from Bogie Rotation Friction Management Matthew Franklin PhD UoW A/Prof Kiet Tieu UoW Feb 04 Resigned Cash 82 New Materials for Bogie Bolster Centre Bowl Liners Okwuchi Emerole PhD CQU Mr Scott Simson CQU Aug 05 Leave of absence Cash 82 Transition curve loadings in railway bogie rotation Angela Wallace PhD QUT Mr Jeremy Davey QUT Mar 04 Ongoing Cash 83 Driver Behaviour at Railway Level Crossing: The Role of an Educational Intervention for Different Road User Groups Julie Sleep PhD UNISA Prof Jerzy Filar UNISA Mar 04 Writing Up Thesis Cash 83 Modelling of Level Crossing Risk Management Strategies Behzad Fatahi PhD UoW Prof Buddhima Indraratna UoW Oct 03 PhD Thesis Exam Cash 86 Numerical and Analytical Models of Soil Suction on Rail Track Stability and Movement Using Native Vegetation Wayne Potter ME UNISA Mr Donald Cameron UNISA Sep 03 Master Degree Awarded In-Kind 86 Feasibility of Improving Rail Infrastructure by Using Native Vegetation on Clay Soils Henry Mancini PhD UNISA Ms Joan Gibbs UNISA Sep 03 Resigned Cash 86 Improving Rail Corridors by Restoring Native Vegetation Thao Tran PhD UNISA Dr John Boland UNISA Feb 04 Ongoing In-kind 86 Modelling Restoration of Vegetation on Clay Soils in Railway Corridors Laricar Dominic Trani ME UoW Prof Buddhima Indraratna and Dr Hadi Khabbaz UoW Jul 06 Ongoing Cash 163 Application of Constriction Size Based Filtration Criteria for Railway Sub-ballast Under Cyclic Conditions. annual report 49

50 T h e m e 6 : P o s t g r a d u a t e S t u d e n t s The following information was obtained in relation to the studies and employment destination of Rail CRC s postgraduate students: Khaled Alkhaleefi Khaled Alkhaleefi submitted his PhD thesis for examination at Monash University in May 2007 entitled Effects of fuel additives on combustion and performance of direct injection diesel engines. He worked with Project Leader Damon Honnery on Project 55 Assessment of the effect of diesel fuel additives on locomotive performance and operation. Behzad Fatahi Behzad Fatahi submitted his thesis entitled Numerical and analytical models of soil suction on rail track stability and movement using native vegetation at University of Wollongong in January 2007 and is awaiting examination results. Behzad worked on Project 86 The feasibility of improving rail infrastructure by introducing native vegetation on clay soil sites and is now employed as a Geotechnical Engineer for Coffee Geotechnics in Sydney. Behzad was awarded the prestigious Railway Technical Society of Australasia (RTSA) Young Engineers Award this year. Haitham Hawari Haitham Hawari was awarded his PhD from Queensland University of Technology in April 2007 for his thesis entitled Minimising track degradation through managing vehicle-track interaction. Haitham worked on Project 11/4 Track analysis and performance system (TRAPS) to benchmark maintenance activities and is now employed by QR. Sakdirat Kaewunruen Sakdirat Kaewunruen is due to submit his PhD thesis at the end of 2007 entitled Experimental and numerical studies for predicting dynamic responses of prestressed concrete sleepers to impact loading. Sakdirat worked on the University of Wollongong-based part of Project 5/23 The dynamic analysis of track and assessment of its capacity in relation to concrete sleepers and is due to start employment with Central Queensland University as a Lecturer in Civil Engineering in December Jeff Leong Jeff Leong submitted his masters thesis at Queensland University of Technology in 2007 on the subject Limit state concepts and concrete sleepers. Jeff was employed by QR throughout his studies working on Project 5/23 The dynamic analysis of track and assessment of its capacity in relation to concrete sleepers. Hubert Mok Hubert Mok was awarded his Masters degree in 2007 for his thesis entitled Analysis of Wheel-rail impact loads and effectiveness of wayside detection systems. He worked on Rail CRC Project 42 Wayside detection systems at Monash University. Tony (Tao) Pang Tony Pang submitted his Masters thesis at Central Queensland University in June 2007 entitled Study of wheel-rail contactimpact forces at insulated rail joints. He worked on Project 75 Development of novel insulated joints and was based at Central Queensland University. His thesis was still under review by mid Tony was a recipient of a Research Award for Best Research Paper by a University Researcher (in conjunction with his supervisor Prof M Dhanasekar at CQU) at the 9th International Railway Engineering 2007 conference in London in June 2007 for his paper on Project rail crc

51 T h e m e 6 : P o s t g r a d u a t e S t u d e n t s Michelle Pearce Michelle Pearce has completed her Masters and will graduate in September Her thesis was entitled Railway operational benefits from bogie rotation friction management under Project 82 Bogie rotation fiction management at Central Queensland University. Michelle is employed as a Graduate Mechanical Engineer with Raytheon Australia Aerospace Systems in Brisbane. Wayne Potter Wayne Potter graduated in April 2007 with his masters thesis entitled Feasibility of improving rail infrastructure by using native vegetation on clay soils. Wayne conducted his studies under Project 86 The feasibility of improving rail infrastructure by introducing native vegetation on clay soil sites at University of South Australia. Wayne was employed throughout his studies as a Geotechnical and Environmental Standards Engineer for the Australian Rail Track Corporation and remains in that position today. Jason Smith Jason Smith was awarded his PhD from Queensland University of Technology in June 2007 for his thesis entitled Secure rail communications in heterogenous IP networks. Jason worked on Project 19/54 Communication standards for the Australian rail network secure data communication for the rail industry which was cancelled prior to Jason is now employed as a Research Fellow at the Information Security Institute at the Queensland University of Technology. Clara Tetther Clara Tetther worked on Project 10 Adoption of e-business systems in the Australian rail industry impediments and likely benefits and was due to submit her doctoral thesis entitled A framework for the evaluation of costs and benefits in e-business in the Australian rail industry in September She is currently enrolled part-time in her studies at Queensland University of Technology and is working full-time. Xuan Vu Xuan Vu was awarded her PhD from the University of South Australia in March 2007 for her thesis entitled Improved journey optimisation algorithms - parameter estimation algorithms. She worked on Project 15 FreightMiser which was conducted in collaboration with TMG Worley Parsons Rail. Xuan is now employed with TMG Worley Parsons Rail. Leonara Wehrmann Leonora Wehrmann worked on Project 75 Novel insulated joints at the University of Wollongong and is due to submit her thesis for her project entitled Development of new ceramic to steel joint for rail track application in late Leonora is currently employed as the Northern Territory Technology Manager for the Welding Technology Institute of Australia. Nicole Whitburn Nicole Whitburn was awarded her masters degree from Monash University for her thesis entitled Evaluation and optimisation of low stress freight train wheel designs in May Nicole worked on Rail CRC Project 38 Bogie structural design for Australian operations. She is currently employed part-time in various companies. Andy Wong Andy Wong is still conducting his PhD studies at Queensland University of Technology and working on his thesis entitled Optimising handling, transfers and locations at multimodal container terminals. He is due to present his final seminar and submit his thesis in late annual report 51

52 PERFORMANCE MEASURES 1 Objectives of Rail CRC Well Defined Addressing Specific Community and/or Industry Need Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/ The Rail CRC aims to develop i. Intelligent decision systems to assist rail managers and operators in making quality decisions. ii. On-board systems to support safe train operations avoid train collision and component failure and encourage energy efficient strategies. iii. Automated systems for railway operations and maintenance processes to improve rail reliability and reduce costs. a) Scheduling case studies for the developed intelligent software TPOD/ScheduleMiser are underway (Project 20, 156) b) D-Track software for the dynamic modelling of rail track has been completed and is ready for licensing to final users (Project 5/23) c) Software tool for the evaluation of the impact of temporary speed restrictions on a railway network has been completed (Project 154) a) Ongoing tests of FreightMiser by TMG International and Pacific National are underway (Project 15/155) b) Health Card technology has been protected by a PCT patent submitted in June 2006 and the technology development is scheduled for completion by December The technology commercialisation in a package with OZ-ECP Brakes will commence in 2006/07 (Project 2) a) Wheel/Rail Noise monitoring and assessment technology has been licensed and is being used by RailCorp. The technology has also been used by QR in a trial mode for track maintenance and wheel wear monitoring. A PCT application for the technology was filed in August 2005 (Project 36). b) Infrastructure durability assessment tool has been developed and applied in a number of consultancies. The tool allows the assessment of condition and durability of new and aged rollingstocks and rail bridges, and applied risk-based maintenance approach (Project 38/143, 44) a) IP for scheduling case studies licensed to TMG International (Project 20). License purchased from TMG by ONTRACK NZ with agreement from ARTC to take up license. b) D-Track software for dynamic modelling of track ready for licensing to final users. Industry indicated interest in final product with marketing planned of the product at AusRail Plus 2007 in late c) Software tool for the evaluation of the impact of temporary speed restrictions on a railway network being utilised by industry partner ARTC (Project 154) a) Pacific National conducting trials of FreightMiser through TMG International with agreement to take up license following completion of trials (Project 15/155) b) Health card technology will be commercialised through a Queensland Government Innovation Grant. (Project 2/150) a) Wheel/rail noise monitoring assessment technology has been licensed and is being used by RailCorp, QR and ARTC. The PCT application was not maintained in 06/07 although software will be protected by copyright and is planned to be commercialised in combination with wireless communication devices (Project 36/161) b) Infrastructure durability assessment tool has been developed and applied in a number of consultancies. The tool allows the assessment of condition and durability of new and aged rollingstock and rail bridges and applies risk-based maintenance approach (Project 38/143, 44). ARTC utilised rail bridge strengthening outcomes on one of their bridges. 52 rail crc

53 Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/07 iv. Expertise and knowledge to introduce new system designs and materials for rollingstock and infrastructure. v. Education and training programs to meet the current and future needs of rail industry. (a) The innovative OZ-ECP Brakes technology has been developed by Rail CRC and successfully tested on QR s network. (Projects 40/149, 151). The technology has been protected by the PCT patent filed in May Negotiations with potential commercialisation partners commenced in (b) Centre Bowl design development is well in progress with some early results already in use by QR (Project 82). (c) Recommendations have been developed in 2005/06 on new standards for cant deficiency allowing increasing a rail network capacity (Project 96). Research outputs have already been used by ARTC. (d) Recommendations have been developed on the standards for softwood sleepers and on the use of softwood sleepers in railways as a cheap alternative to hardwood sleepers (Project 122). (e) Preliminary recommendations on the deployment of recently created steel alloys in railways have been developed. New steels would allow to reduce costs and improve reliability of different train components (Project 41). (f) Recommendations of Ballast Standards, adopted by RailCorp, have extended the useful life of track ballast (Project 6). (a) International accreditation of the Railway Signalling Programme (Project 60) by the Institution for Railway Signalling Engineers, UK. The first 25 students have graduated from the Programme and further 43 students are currently enrolled. The licensing agreement with CQU has been extended for another two years. (b) Programme in Rollingstock Engineering (Project 63) will enrol the first students at UoW in March c) Material for Rail Infrastructure Programme has been mostly developed by June It is expected that a licensing agreement will be signed in 2006/07. d) The development of Rail Operation Programme has commenced in 2005/06. a) OZ-ECP brakes technology continues to be progressed to commercialisation. Successful application to Qld Government for $869,500 Innovation Projects funding was made in April Commercialisation negotiations are underway with Faiveley Transport (France) to commercialise the technology for the Australian and international brake market. b) Centre Bowl design development is well in progress with some early results in use by QR (Project 82) c) Recommendations developed on cant deficiency now in use by ARTC with estimated cost savings of approximately $1 billion per annum on one section of track due to transit time savings d)softwood sleepers proven to be a suitable alternative to hardwood sleepers, with further research being conducted by CRC for Wood Innovations on large-scale production of sleepers for industry use e) Investigations indicate new bainitic alloy steel developed for rail wheel is more durable with higher performance than existing rail steel. Planning underway for large-scale testing of proposed alloy. f) RailCorp adopted new Rail CRC-developed and recommended ballast standards and submitted to Australian Standards for approval, incorporating new ballast gradings and use of recycled aggregrate. a) Second cohort of graduates completed Railway Signalling courses (Project 60) in late 2006, with a total of 26 students completing Graduate Diplomas and 20 completing their Graduate Certificates since courses inception. b) University of Wollongong welcomed first intake of students in Rollingstock Engineering course (Project 63) in February 2007 with 12 students enrolled c) Planning is underway for Queensland University of Technology to offer a Master of Infrastructure from d) Central Queensland University welcomed its first intake of students in the Railway Operations Management course (Project 170) in February 2007 with 34 students enrolled for Term 1. annual report 53

54 2 Objectives of Rail CRC Outcomes that make a Significant Contribution to Australia s Sustainable Economic and Social Development 2.1 Economic Benefit Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/07 Dollar value of economic (value) benefit to Australia including where appropriate shadow costing of social and environmental benefits. (a) As estimated by consultants, research outputs are capable of delivering $1.6 billion Net Present Value benefits to industry and over $60 million (NPV) return on investment to the Rail CRC participants, owners of IP. (b) The independent Scientific and Technical Review has also concluded that significant economic benefits from the CRC research at very competitive cost-benefit ratios are feasible in a short to middle term time frame. No independent analysis of Rail CRC benefits was conducted in 2006/07. a) STEM Partnerships estimated Rail CRC research could deliver $1.6 billion Net Present Value benefits to the rail industry and approximately $900 million Expected Present Value (EPV) taking into account risks association with delivery of the 38 projects (i.e. successful research and commercialisation). b) The 5th Year Independent Scientific and Technical Review Panel concluded that the outcomes have already started to contribute to the economics and safety of the rail industry and have significant potential to multiply this contribution in the short to medium term. 2.2 Projected Benefits From Rail CRC i. Up to 100 million litres annually of energy savings through the application of intelligent systems and optimised train management and scheduling. ii. Up to $15 million savings annually through application of innovative track maintenance and recycled ballast reinforcement technologies. iii. Improved services for railway customers including Australia s export industries through Increased rail infrastructure capacity, flexibility and reduced delivery times. iv. Contribution to Australia s environment protection through introduction of environment friendly rail operations and upgrading practices. (a) Savings of million litres of fuel per year could be achieved through the engagement of FreightMiser technology. (b) Fuel savings from ECP brakes, as recently estimated by Booz Allen Hamilton consultants, are 5-10%; Oz-ECP Brakes technology could deliver million in fuel saving per year to the Australian railway industry at a cost much lower than alternative existing market products. a) $7.5 million savings per year in ballast cleaning costs (Project 6). b) $9.5 million savings due to the reduction of maintenance costs achieved via early detection of bad wheels (Project 36). Increased network capacity will be achieved through: (a) New Cant Deficiency Standards (Project 96). (b) Lower stopping distances allowed by Oz- ECP brakes. (c) Improved delivery times using FreightMiser technology (Projects 15, 155). (d) Improved train scheduling techniques (Projects 20, 156). (a) Wheel-rail Noise Assessment technology has been adopted by RailCorp for the purpose of environmental compliance. a) Savings of million litres of fuel per year could be achieved through the engagement of FreightMiser technology. (Project 15) b) Fuel savings from ECP brakes were estimated by Booz Allen Hamilton consultants, at 5-10%; Oz-ECP Brakes technology could deliver million in fuel saving per year to the Australian railway industry at a cost much lower than alternative existing market products. (Project 40/149) a) $7.5 million savings per year in ballast cleaning costs (Project 6). b) $9.5 million savings due to the reduction of maintenance costs achieved via early detection of bad wheels (Project 36). Increased network capacity will be achieved through: a) New Cant Deficiency Standards (Project 96). b) Lower stopping distances allowed by OZ- ECP brakes. c) Improved delivery times using FreightMiser technology (Projects 15, 155). d) Improved train scheduling techniques using ScheduleMiser (Projects 20, 156). a) Rail Noise and Wear Assessment system is being utilised by RailCorp to assist their environmental impact requirements. ARTC and QR are also trialling the system (Project 36) 54 rail crc

55 Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/07 v. Improved technology awareness, and professional skills and knowledge of the railway industry managers, engineers and specialists. vi. Railway technology products/services and Intellectual Property for export. (b) A few trial sites using natural vegetation for track maintenance have been established all round Australia. The project confirmed the opportunity to improve railway track stability through vegetation control. (c) Recommendations on the adoption of softwood sleepers would reduce the demand for hardwood timber and assist in the implementation of environment protection strategies. (a) Technology Showcase was held in February 2006 and was well attended by industry. The Showcase disseminated the R&D achievements of Rail CRC, facilitated knowledge transfer and improved technology awareness. (b) The first 14 students graduated from Railway Signalling Programme are employed within the industry. (c) The workshop on the infrastructure durability assessment tool developed by Rail CRC has been well attended by all relevant industry organisations. The developed technologies and products which have the potential for overseas markets include: b) QR and ARTC both have significant trial plots investigating use of native vegetation to stabilise the foundations of rail track (Project 86). The project confirmed the proposal with specific species still to be determined for best-practice use of native vegetation. c) Suitability of softwood sleepers instead of forest hardwood sleepers has been proven with CRC for Wood Innovations conducting further testing of large-scale production and suitability. Utilisation would save native forest hardwoods and the viability of secondary rail network. a) Rail CRC 2007 Technology Showcase was held in June 2007 with approximately 130 industry representatives gaining from the technology transfer of Rail CRC developed systems and technologies. The program also included an international rail research identity from TTCI in the USA to transfer USA example. b) Second cohort of Railway signalling graduates finished studies in late 2006, with 26 completing Graduate Diplomas and 20 completing Graduate Certificates. (Project 60) c) Courses commenced in Rollingstock Engineering at University of Wollongong (Project 63) and Operations Management at Central Queensland University (Project 170) in early d) Ongoing maintenance of Rail CRC website with Industry Reports and technology reports from Rail CRC research projects. Rail CRC continually updates its Technology Transfer Plan with developed Rail CRC technologies. The technologies with potential for international markets include: OZ-ECP Brakes OZ-ECP brakes (Project 40) Health Card Rail Noise and Wear Assessment System (Project 36) Wheel-Rail Noise Assessment FreightMiser (Project 15) FreightMiser ScheduleMiser (Project 20) Train Plan on Demand Health Card (Project 2) D-Track modelling software D-Track modelling software (Project 5/23) Railway Signalling Programme Railway signalling course (Project 60) The technologies will be commercialised in overseas markets through a start-up company Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd. Rail CRC spin-off company Rail Innovation Australia Pty Ltd will progress and commercialise these technologies going forward. annual report 55

56 Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/ Actual Benefits from the Centre Reviews after 2nd, 5th, 7th year and 10th years An independent Scientific and Technical Review concluded that there is no doubt that there is the potential for major benefits in many areas at very favourable cost benefit ratios. A number of projects are already entering the commercialisation phase and have major potential to enter revenue service in the near future. Almost every second CRC project reported on the adoption of recommendations and/or uptake of technologies and products in at least trial mode by industry. Rail CRC is in its six year with approval for a new for existing CRC received in late The fifth year independent Scientific and Technical Review panel concluded: The outcomes have already started to contribute to the economics and safety of the rail industry and have significant potential to multiply this contribution in short to medium term A number of projects are already entering the commercialisation phase and have major potential to enter revenue service in the near future There have already been significant technological and conceptual breakthroughs The CRC has developed an appropriate structure for the commercialisation, technology transfer and utilisation of its work. This includes establishing a start-up company, Rail Innovation Australia, under the aegis of the CRC to undertake the commercialisation of appropriate projects. 2.4 Dollar Value of Economic Benefits: i To all participants ii. Social and environmental benefits. (Shadow costing) The potential economic benefits, as evaluated by independent consultants, have $1.6 billion NPV over 15-year period to industry and over $60 million to all participants. The figures are used by Rail CRC as initial estimations which will be verified by the following assessment on a project by project basis. Independent consultants STEM Partnerships estimated in 2006 that Rail CRC had the potential to deliver economic benefits in the order of $1.6 billion NPV over a 15-year period to industry and over $60 million to all participants. These figures are used by Rail CRC as initial estimations which will be verified on a project by project basis. 56 rail crc

57 3 Quality and Relevance of the Research Program Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/ Number of Peer Reviews of Research Programs/projects An independent comprehensive and rigorous Scientific and Technical Review of Rail CRC was conducted by the International Review Panel in June An assessment of economic benefits from the CRC research has been completed by STEM Partnership in An independent comprehensive and rigorous Scientific and Technical Review of Rail CRC was conducted by the International Review Panel in June An assessment of economic benefits from the CRC research has been completed by STEM Partnership in Qualitative Statement on Outcome of Peer Reviews With few if any exceptions, the CRC s projects are directly relevant to the rail industry s requirements. This is hardly surprising since all projects are undertaken under the aegis of steering committees that include significant industry representation and leadership, because the Rail CRC has a well-structured and rigorous project selection process, and because the projects have been in most cases proposed or requested by the industry. With few if any exceptions, the CRC s projects are directly relevant to the rail industry s requirements. This is hardly surprising since all projects are undertaken under the aegis of steering committees that include significant industry representation and leadership, because the Rail CRC has a well-structured and rigorous project selection process, and because the projects have been in most cases proposed or requested by the industry. The quality of the research is generally high and well regarded by the rail industry. 4 Strategy for Utilisation and Commercialisation of Research Outputs Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/ Adoption of Research Outputs by Industry or Community Generally Number Of Cases 16 cases of early adoption or use of research outputs Total Dollar Value To Users While the Net Present Value of potential benefits to users over 15 years, as estimated by STEM Partnership, is $1.6 billion, this figure will be verified jointly with the organisations adopted the developed technologies and other research outputs. 24 cases of early adoption or use of research outputs. While the Net Present Value of potential benefits to users over 15 years, as estimated by STEM Partnerships in 2006, was $1.6 billion, this figure will be verified jointly with the organisations adopting the developed technologies and research outputs. annual report 57

58 5 Education and Training Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/ Job Location One Year After Completion in: Australia (university, government, industry, other) overseas continue studies not employed/other Job Location Three Years After Completion in: Australia (university, government, industry other) Not applicable Not applicable overseas Not applicable Not applicable continue studies Not applicable Not applicable not employed/other Not applicable Not applicable 6 Collaborative Arrangements Indicator 2001/ / / / / / Percentage of Projects with: More than one participant 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% more than one industry research participant 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 6.2 Percentage of Projects with Non Participants Collaboration nationally 23% 28% 28% 28% 18% 28% internationally 0% 0% 3% 3% 5% 6% 6.3 Does Your Strategic Plan Provide for Continuation of Collaboration After Commonwealth Funding Period? Yes/No Yes If yes then? (a) An application for a new CRC was successful in December Agreements are being finalised for CRC for Rail Innovation commencing in (b) A start-up company Rail Innovation Australia has been established to commercialise the innovative technologies after the life of Rail CRC. DEST approved licensing of all IP from Rail CRC to Rail Innovation Australia for commercialisation and further development on 31st January rail crc

59 7 Resources and Budget Indicator 2001/02 $ 7.1 Cost Per Billable R&D Staff Year 2002/03 $ 2003/04 $ 2004/05 $ 2005/06 $ 2006/07 $ ($/person/year) 209, , , , , ,480 8 Management Structure Indicator Achievement 2005/06 Achievement 2006/ Effectiveness of the Management Structure - Measured from 2nd and 5th Year Reviews The independent Scientific and Technical Review of Rail CRC has concluded: The CRC has a small and effective core management team. The management structure is comprehensive and has been developed to ensure maximum transparency and value outcomes. The overhead applied to the research by this comprehensive structure is regarded as quite acceptable. In mid-2006, the 5th year independent Scientific and Technical Review of Rail CRC concluded that: The CRC has a small and effective core management team. The management structure is comprehensive and has been developed to ensure maximum transparency and value outcomes. The overhead applied to the research by this comprehensive structure is regarded as quite acceptable. 9 Performance Evaluation Indicator 2001/ / / / / / Operational Management Performance Evaluation Number of Milestones Met (79 & 32 partial) Number of Milestones Not Met annual report 59

60 FINANCIAL INFORMATION At its official conclusion in June 2007, Rail CRC has provided industry with research programs and projects developed specifically for their needs programs and projects which have been estimated to deliver the Australian rail industry a risk free present value of $1.6 billion through increased productivity and reduced maintenance costs. 60 rail crc

61 annual report 61

62 Table 1: IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PARTICIPANTS ($ 000) years Core Participants Central Queensland University Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Salaries Capital Other , , Total University of Wollongong Salaries Capital Other Total University of South Australia Salaries Capital Other Total Monash University Salaries Capital Other Total Queensland University of Technology Salaries Capital Other Total University of Queensland Salaries Capital Other Total rail crc

63 Table 1: IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PARTICIPANTS continued ($ 000) years Queensland Rail Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Salaries Capital Other Total RIC/Rail Corporation NSW Salaries Capital Other Total TMG Rail Technology Salaries Capital Other Total Australian Rail Track Corporation Salaries Capital Other Total FA/ PN Victoria Salaries Capital Other Total Freight Corp Salaries Capital Other Total annual report 63

64 Table 1: IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PARTICIPANTS continued ($ 000) years Pacific National Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Salaries Capital Other Total Total Core In-kind Contributions Salaries 1,669 1,669 2,138 2,138 2,439 2,590 2,523 2,617 2,585 2,148 2,603 2,233 13,956 13,394 Capital , Other 2,010 2,010 3,117 3,117 3,114 5,292 3,199 6,083 3,240 4,367 3,259 4,757 17,939 25,626 Total 3,679 3,679 5,275 5,275 5,918 7,920 6,087 8,700 6,190 6,515 6,227 6,990 33,374 39,078 SUPPORTING PARTICIPANTS Sinclair Knight Merz Salaries Capital Other Total PPK Environment and Infrasructure Salaries Capital Other Total Rail Management Services Salaries Capital Other Total Amoco Chemicals Pty Ltd Salaries Capital Other Total rail crc

65 Table 1: IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PARTICIPANTS continued ($ 000) years Polyfabrics Australia Pty Ltd Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Salaries Capital Other Total Noran Engineering, Inc. Salaries Capital Other Total Total Supporting In-kind Contributions Salaries Capital Other Total Total In-kind Contributions (Core & Supporting) Salaries 1,690 1,690 2,146 2,146 2,439 2,591 2,523 2,617 2,585 2,148 2,603 2,233 13,747 17,975 Capital , Other 2,032 2,032 3,125 3,125 3,114 5,293 3,199 6,083 3,240 4,367 3,259 4,757 17,055 25,657 Grand Total (In-kind) 3,722 3,722 5,347 5,347 5,968 7,972 6,137 8,750 6,240 6,515 6,277 7,090 33,690 39,395 annual report 65

66 Table 2: CASH CONTRIBUTIONS ($ 000) years Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual CORE PARTICIPANTS Central Queensland University University of Wollongong University of South Australia Monash University Queensland University of Technology University of Queensland Queensland Rail RIC/Rail Corporation NSW TMG Rail Technology Australian Rail Track Corporation FA/ Pacific National Victoria FreightCorp Pacific National Total Core Cash SUPPORTING PARTICIPANTS Rail Management Services RTSA Preston Engineering Port of Brisbane Union Switch and Signal ComSteel Mackay Sugar Bradken Rail State Authority Amoco Chemicals Total Supporting Cash Total Cash From Participants rail crc

67 Table 2: CASH CONTRIBUTIONS continued ($ 000) years OTHER CASH Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Interest Other CRC Grant ,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,600 1, Total CRC Cash 1,669 1,669 2,933 2,933 2,812 2,803 2,777 3,035 2,777 2,971 2,467 3, GST Received Cash carried over ,084 2, , , ,382 Contr. Received after Less Unspent Balance ,084 2, , , , Reconciliation adjustment Total Cash Expenditure ,820 1,516 4,041 3,283 3,493 3,039 2,778 3,346 2,486 3, GST Paid Cash Expenditure Salaries ,367 1,120 2,772 2,396 2,473 2,181 2,068 2,100 1, , Capital Other , , , , Grand Total Cash ,820 1,516 4,041 3,283 3,493 3,039 2,778 3,346 2,486 3,560 15,315 15,502 Grand Total In-kind 3,722 3,722 5,347 5,347 5,968 7,972 6,137 8,750 6,240 6,515 6,277 7,090 33,690 39,395 Total Resources Available 4,419 4,480 7,167 6,863 10,009 11,255 9,630 11,789 9,017 9,861 8,763 10,650 49,005 54,897 annual report 67

68 Table 3: SUMMARY OF RESOURCES APPLIED TO ACTIVITIES OF CENTRE ($ 000) years CASH Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Agreem Actual Salaries ,367 1,120 2,772 2,396 2,473 2,181 2,068 2,100 1, , Capital Other , , , , Total ,820 1,516 4,041 3,283 3,493 3,039 2,778 3,346 2,486 3,560 15,315 15,502 IN-KIND Salaries 1,691 1,691 2,145 2,145 2,439 2,591 2,523 2,617 2,585 2,148 2, , Capital , Other 2,032 2,032 3,125 3,125 3,114 5,293 3,199 6,083 3,240 4,367 3, , Total 3,723 3,723 5,346 5,346 5,968 7,972 6,137 8,750 6,240 6,515 6,277 7,090 33,691 39,395 Grand Total (Cash and In-kind) 4,420 4,481 7,167 6,862 10,009 11,255 9,630 11,789 9,018 9,861 8,763 10,650 49,006 54,898 HEADS OF EXPENDITURE Total Salaries (Cash and In-kind) 2,171 2,232 3,513 3,265 5,211 4,987 4,996 4,798 4,653 4,248 4,484 4,726 25,028 24,257 Total Capital (Cash and In-kind) , Total Other (Cash and In-kind) 2,249 2,249 3,528 3,471 4,383 6,136 4,219 6,876 3,950 5,613 3,864 5,766 22,192 30,110 Total 4,420 4,481 7,167 6,862 10,009 11,255 9,630 11,789 9,018 9,861 8,763 10,650 49,006 54,898 Actual expenditures under Capital for are significantly lower than the agreement figure because capital items provided to the CRC were accounted for on the basis of depreciation and running costs and reported under Other 68 rail crc

69 Table 4: FINANCIAL INFORMATION Allocation of resources between categories of activity for the financial year (dollars in $ 000) Resource usage Contributed staff Cash funded staff Cash ($ 000) [1] In-kind ($ 000) (FTE) [2] (FTE) [2] Programme Research 2,299 5, Education External communications Commercialisation/Tech. transfer Administration 838 1, Total 3,560 7, (T3) (T1) [1] Cash from all sources, including CRC Program [2] Full time equivalent staff, excluding students. annual report 69

70 GLOSSARY OF TERMS ANNs Artificial Neural Networks MIMO Multiple Input Multiple Output ANSTO ARA ARCSIG ARTC Bogie Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation Australasian Rail Association Australian Railway Crossing Strategy Implementation Group Australian Rail Track Corporation The undercarriages of railway wagons with independent axles MIT NPV NTC PATREC PN PPOD Massachusetts Institute of Technology Net Present Value National Transport Council Planning and Transport Research Centre (Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia) Pacific National Possession Plans On Demand Cant The raising of the outer rail on a curved track to allow a train to travel around the curve QR Queensland Rail (Queensland State Government Department) CIEAM CQU Centre for Integrated Engineering Asset Maintenance Central Queensland University QUT RAAIL Queensland University of Technology Risk Assessment of Accidents and Incidents at Level Crossings CRC DSS ECP EMG GIJ GPS IP Cooperative Research Centre Decision Support System Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (Brakes) Rail CRC Executive Management Group Glued Insulated Joint Global Positioning System Intellectual Property RailCorp SISO STEM TRV TTCI TTSS Rail Corporation (NSW State Government Rail Department) Single Input Single Output Strategic Technology Evaluation and Management Track Recording Vehicle Transportation Technology Centre Inc Train and Track Health and Speed Setting System or Health Card IRRB International Rail Research Board UIC International Union of Railways IRSE Institution of Railway Signal Engineers UQ The University of Queensland ITP Intermodal Train Planner UoW University of Wollongong ITSRR Independent Transport Safety & Reliability Regulator UniSA WIM University of South Australia Wheel Impact Monitors 70 rail crc

71

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