1 ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme Overview of the ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme - USOAP -
2 Outline The National Safety Oversight System The Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) evolution, objective and principles The Comprehensive Systems Approach (CSA) Safety and Security Audits Branch (SSA), staffing and activities USOAP s status of implementation USOAP s future activities
3 A National System for Safety Oversight What is safety oversight? Safety oversight is a function by which Contracting States ensure the effective implementation of: ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs); the critical elements of a safety oversight system; and relevant safety practices and procedures. Safety oversight is a State s responsibility
4 A National System for Safety Oversight An individual State s responsibility for safety oversight is the foundation upon which safe global aircraft operations are built. Lack of appropriate safety oversight in one Contracting State, therefore, threatens the health of international civil aircraft operations.
5 A National System for Safety Oversight There are eight critical elements that ICAO considers essential for a State to establish, implement and maintain in order to have an effective safety oversight system.
6 Critical Elements (CEs) of a State s safety oversight system! " #$ " * + #"-.)/ )0#0#1" % &' ( ' ), ) +
7 Establishing CEs PRIMARY AVIATION LEGISLATION The establishment of a civil aviation legislation that supports the State s civil aviation system and regulatory functions, in compliance with the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention). SPECIFIC OPERATING REGULATIONS SPECIFIC OPERATING REGULATIONS The establishment of aeronautical regulations (rules) addressing all aviation activities, and implementing applicable ICAO provisions and SARPs.
8 Establishing CEs STATE S S CIVIL AVIATION SYSTEM AND SAFETY OVERSIGHT FUNCTIONS The establishment of a Civil Aviation Authority or Authorities with safety regulatory functions, objectives and safety policies, provided with sufficient financial resources and qualified staff. TECHNICAL PERSONNEL QUALIFICATION AND TRAINING TECHNICAL PERSONNEL QUALIFICATION AND TRAINING The establishment of minimum requirements for knowledge and experience of the technical personnel performing safety oversight functions and the provision of appropriate training to maintain and enhance their competency at the desired level.
9 Establishing CEs TECHNICAL GUIDANCE, TOOLS AND THE PROVISION OF SAFETY CRITICAL INFORMATION The provision of procedures and guidelines, adequate facilities and equipment, and safety critical information to the technical personnel to enable them to perform their safety oversight functions; this includes the provision of technical guidance to the aviation industry on the implementation of regulations and instructions.
10 Implementing CEs LICENSING, CERTIFICATION, AUTHORIZATION AND APPROVAL OBLIGATIONS The implementation of systems to ensure that personnel and organizations performing an aviation activity meet the established requirements before they are allowed to exercise the privileges of a licence, certificate, authorization and/or approval. SURVEILLANCE OBLIGATIONS SURVEILLANCE OBLIGATIONS The implementation of a continuous surveillance programme consisting of inspections and audits to ensure that aviation licence, certificate, authorization and/or approval holders continue to meet the established requirements and functions at the level of competency and safety required by the State.
11 Implementing CEs RESOLUTION OF SAFETY CONCERNS RESOLUTION OF SAFETY CONCERNS The implementation of processes and procedures to resolve identified deficiencies impacting on aviation safety, which may have been residing in the system and have been detected by the regulatory authority or other appropriate bodies.
12 Objective of the Programme The objective of the USOAP is to promote global aviation safety through auditing Contracting States, on a regular basis, to determine States capability for safety oversight by assessing the effective implementation of the critical elements of a safety oversight system and the status of States implementation of safety-relevant ICAO SARPs, associated procedures, guidance material and safetyrelated practices.
13 Evolution of the USOAP Voluntary Assessment Programme Annexes 1, 6, 8 88 Requests 67 Assessments Annex-by-Annex Approach D G C A C O N F 97 Mandatory Audit Programme (USOAP) A-32/ Audits 162 Follow-ups Annexes 1, 6, 8 Annex-by-Annex Approach 35 TH A S S E M B L Y 04
14 Evolution of the USOAP Comprehensive Systems Approach A-35/ Safety-related Provisions in all Safety-related Annexes (All except 9 and 17) D G C A Comprehensive Systems Approach Greater Transparency E C Public M O information B N Procedure for L F Significant Y Safety Concerns TH A S S 07 USOAP beyond 2010 A-36/4 Continuous Monitoring Mechanism
15 USOAP principles Sovereignty Universality Transparency and disclosure Timeliness All-inclusiveness Systematic, consistent and objective Fairness Quality
16 Comprehensive systems approach The Comprehensive Systems Approach (CSA) refers to the implementation of a structured process and methodology for the planning, preparation, conduct, reporting, follow-up and evaluation of ICAO safety oversight audits. It is designed to determine States capability for safety oversight through the effective implementation of the critical elements of a safety oversight system.
17 Comprehensive systems approach The CSA: Looks at States safety oversight systems from a process perspective. Provides a timely picture of the overall health of a State s safety oversight system and its effectiveness. Focuses attention on critical safety areas. Allows for flexibility depending on the size and complexity of the aviation system established in a State.
18 Comprehensive Systems Approach Eight Areas Legislation and Regulations Chicago Convention Personnel Licensing Annex 1 Aircraft Operations Annexes 6, 18 & PANS-OPS Airworthiness of Aircraft Annexes 6, 7, 8 & 16 Organization & Safety Oversight Functions SAAQ* Aerodromes Annex 14 Air Navigation System Annexes 2,3,4,5 10,11,12,15 & PANS-ATM ATM Accident & Incident Investigation Annex 13 * State Aviation Activity Questionnaire
19 Comprehensive systems approach Audit processes and procedures: A three-phase audit process has been established. The process and procedures are highly transparent and available to all Contracting States. The entire process, from initial planning and scheduling of an audit to the publication of a final safety oversight audit report, takes approximately two years to complete.
21 Comprehensive systems approach Audit Protocols Questions (PQs): Developed by the ICAO Secretariat Used for the conduct of the on-site audit Enable auditing against the critical elements of a safety oversight system Provide guidelines to the auditor on what evidence should be requested and reviewed Can be used by States to conduct internal audits
22 Appointment of the National Safety Oversight Coordinator The scope of safety oversight audits under the comprehensive systems approach has expanded to 16 of the 18 Annexes to the Chicago Convention. As a result, in many States, ICAO has to deal with several entities besides the Civil Aviation Authority responsible for safety oversight (and investigation) tasks.
23 Appointment of the National Safety Oversight Coordinator To facilitate the audit process, and to ensure proper communication and coordination with Contracting States, the Safety Oversight Audit Section requested all States to appoint a National Safety Oversight Coordinator (NSOC). The NSOC serves as focal point between the Safety Oversight Audit Section and the State concerning safety oversight matters. The NSOC plays an active role during the three phases of the audit process: pre-audit, on-site and post-audit.
24 Safety and Security Audits Branch (SSA) Office of the Secretary General Safety and Security Audits Branch - SSA Safety Oversight Audit Section - SOA Aviation Security Audit Section - ASA Audit Coordination and Reporting Section - ACR
25 Audit staff ICAO REGIONAL OFFICES ANB AND OTHER ICAO BUREAUX (HQs) CONTRACTING STATES REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
26 Programme activities PLANNING AUDITS AUDIT FINDINGS AND DIFFERENCES DATABASE (AFDD) REPORTS & ANALYSES WORKING PAPERS TRAINING & SEMINARS
27 ICAO and its Regional Offices ICAO, HQ (Montreal) European/North Atlantic EURNAT (Paris) North American/Central/ Caribbean NACC (Mexico) Middle East MID (Cairo) Asia/Pacific APAC (Bangkok) South America SAM (Lima) Western/Central Africa WACAF (Dakar) East/South Africa ESAF (Nairobi)
28 Audits and Audit Follow-ups Completed First Audit Cycle Contracting States 188 Audits Completed 181 Follow-ups Completed APAC ESAF EUR/NAT MID NACC SAM WACAF ICAO Regional Offices and accredited States In addition, two special Administrative Regions of China and three territories were audited at the request of the States concerned.
29 CSA Audits completed as of 31 January Contracting States 190 Audits Completed APAC ESAF EUR/NAT MID NACC SAM WACAF ICAO Regional Offices and accredited States
30 Beyond 2010 The current six-year cycle of audits under the Comprehensive System Approach (CSA) extends through 2010 (Assembly Resolution A-36/20). The Secretariat has started looking at the future of the Programme beyond 2010, in consultation with States and international organizations. Options to consider: transition from the conduct of audits to the implementation of a continuous monitoring mechanism regarding States safety oversight capabilities.
31 Review The National Safety Oversight System The Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) evolution, objective and principles The Comprehensive Systems Approach (CSA) Safety and Security Audits Branch (SSA), staffing and activities USOAP s status of implementation USOAP s future activities
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