Airplane Performance. Introduction. Copyright 2017 Boeing. All rights reserved.

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1 Introduction Airplane Performance The statements contained herein are based on good faith assumptions and provided for general information purposes only. These statements do not constitute an offer, promise, warranty or guarantee of performance. Actual results may vary depending on certain events or conditions. This document should not be used or relied upon for any purpose other than that intended by Boeing. Copyright 2017 Boeing. All rights reserved.

2 Objectives Overview of primary components of airplane performance analysis to provide: How airplane characteristics affect airplane performance How airport characteristics impact airplane performance How study flight rules impact airplane performance The statements contained herein are based on good faith assumptions and provided for general information purposes only. These statements do not constitute an offer, promise, warranty or guarantee of performance. Actual results may vary depending on certain events or conditions. This document should not be used or relied upon for any purpose other than that intended by Boeing. Boeing is a trademark of The Boeing Company. Copyright 2017 Boeing. All rights reserved.

3 Airplane analysis components Airplane Characteristics Airport Analysis Study Flight Rules

4 Airplane Performance Airplane Characteristics Airport Analysis Study Flight Rules

5 Boeing mission analysis program Mission Performance Summary W Gross Weight Comparison Typical Intl Rules; 2% Fuel Markup Mission Data Enroute Wind Reliability: 85% Enroute Wind & Temps Season: Annual APS job.apnav / W / CFM56-7B22E / D REVA / 8/30/2011 1:00:56 PM Airframe: Engine: Interior: W CFM56-7B22E 126 Max Taxi Wt: Max TO Wt: Max Land Wt: Max Zero Fuel Wt: Op Empty Wt: Fuel Capacity: Fuel Wt: 155,000 lb 154,500 lb 129,200 lb 121,700 lb 85,090 lb 6,875 gal 46, lb/gal Structural Payload: Study Payload: Passenger Seats: Pax Bags Payload: Rev Cargo: 36,610 lb 36,610 lb 210 lb ea 26,460 lb 10,150 lb Track Rwy Dist ESAD Cruise Altitude Cruise Wind Cruise Delta Temp Mach Block Time Takeoff Weight Landing Weight Block Fuel Reserve Fuel PAX Cargo Payload Altn (nm) (nm) (100ft) (kt) ( C) (h) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (nm) DEN to JFK 34L 1,436 1, LRC , ,510 16,155 3, ,150 36,610 EWR 18 JFK to DEN 13R 1,436 1, /400-78/-76 6/5 LRC , ,361 20,743 4, ,151 36,610 COS 63 SEA to LAX 34L LRC , ,934 11,320 6, ,154 36,610 LAS 205 LAX to SEA 25R LRC , ,823 11,714 5, ,149 36,610 PDX 112 MDW to MCO 31C LRC , ,172 11,305 4, ,151 36,610 TPA 70 MCO to MDW 17L LRC , ,213 12,175 3, ,148 36,610 ORD 14 MDW to PHX 31C 1,277 1, /400-70/-68 5/4 LRC , ,898 17,913 5, ,238 34,698 ATOW TUS 96 PHX to MDW 26 1,277 1, LRC , ,351 14,908 3, ,149 36,610 ORD 14 Altn Dist

6 Airplane characteristics Configuration Gross Weights Payload Interior arrangement Engine type and thrust Design weight limit and empty weight Thrust Requirements

7 Configuration

8 Configuration

9 Configuration

10 Configuration

11 Airplane characteristics: passengers

12 Operational empty weight Flight and cabin crew along with bags Catering allowance Emergency Equipment Unusable fuel and oil Potable water and passenger service equipment Cargo systems

13 Airplane characteristics: passengers

14

15 Weight, 1000 lb Airplane characteristics 600 MTW MTOW MZFW OEW MEW Taxi Fuel Flight Fuel MAX Structural Payload Passengers, Cargo Flight Operations Aircraft Max Landing Weight Max Taxi Weight Max Takeoff Weight Min Zero Fuel Weight Operational Empty Weight Manufacturer Empty Weight 0 Departure Landing

16 Airplane characteristics: payload What are some of the characteristics of your airplanes that impact their Payload? Aircraft Configuration Interior arrangement Engine type and thrust Design weight limits and empty weight Payload Limit Definition

17 Airplane characteristics: volume limit payload example Main deck First Business Economy Lower deck Pallets Containers Bulk Revenue Cargo Passenger Baggage

18 Airplane characteristics: volume limit payload calculation example Weight of passengers and their baggage (10 LD-3 containers required for baggage) Cargo loaded in remaining LD-3 containers Cargo loaded on pallets Cargo loaded in bulk area Volume limit payload Maximum structural limit payload 64,050 lb 6,320 lb 24,900 lb 4,800 lb 100,070 lb 117,900 lb

19 Airplane characteristics: structural payload example Maximum Zero Fuel Weight = 420,000 lb Minus Operating Empty Weight = 302,100 lb Equals Maximum Structural Payload = 117,900 lb

20 Airplane characteristics: 777 engine options Takeoff thrust, lb Takeoff thrust, lb Takeoff thrust, lb ,400 77,000 73,400 77,000 76, ER 84,400 84,700 83,600 90,000 90,000 90,000 97,900 93,700 93, ,000 83,600 98,000 90,000

21 Airplane Performance Airplane Characteristics Airport Analysis Study Flight Rules

22 Airport analysis W/CFM56-7B22E HGW gross Takeoff Weight weight Capability comparison W Gross Weight Comparison W/CFM56-7B22E Certification: FAA-SCAP MTOW: 154,500 lb Surface Temperature Season: Annual Surface Temperature Reliability: ADM C.G.: 15 %MAC Alternate A/C: OFF Optimum Performance Runway Contamination: DRY Airport 1 Runway Pressure Altitude Field Length Slope Clearway Stopway Obstacle Height 2 Obstacle Distance 2 (CODE) (ft) (ft) (%) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) Chicago 31C 612 6, ,453 (o2) (MDW) , , , , , , ,001 Denver 34L 5,324 16, ,500 (s) (DEN) Los Angeles 25R 94 12, ,500 (s) (LAX) 84 3,907 New York 13R 13 14, ,500 (s) (JFK) 87 4,954 Orlando 17L 90 9, , ,500 (s) (MCO) Phoenix 26 1,135 11, ,500 (s) (PHX) , , , , ,553 Seattle 34L 356 8, , ,500 (s) (SEA) , ,253 Temperature ( C) Takeoff Weight 3 (lb)

23 Airport analysis: takeoff performance Takeoff weights are set by the most restrictive of Maximum certified takeoff weight Field length limiting weight Second segment limiting weight Minimum control speed Tire speed limiting weight Brake energy limiting weight Obstacle clearance limiting weight

24 Max certified takeoff weight

25 Field length limiting weight

26 Second segment climb limit

27 Minimum controllable speed

28 Tire speed limit

29 Brake energy limit

30 Obstacle limit

31 Airport analysis W/CFM56-7B22E HGW gross Takeoff Weight weight Capability comparison W Gross Weight Comparison W/CFM56-7B22E Certification: FAA-SCAP MTOW: 154,500 lb Surface Temperature Season: Annual Surface Temperature Reliability: ADM C.G.: 15 %MAC Alternate A/C: OFF Optimum Performance Runway Contamination: DRY Airport 1 Runway Pressure Altitude Field Length Slope Clearway Stopway Obstacle Height 2 Obstacle Distance 2 (CODE) (ft) (ft) (%) (ft) (ft) (ft) (ft) Chicago 31C 612 6, ,453 (o2) (MDW) , , , , , , ,001 Denver 34L 5,324 16, ,500 (s) (DEN) Los Angeles 25R 94 12, ,500 (s) (LAX) 84 3,907 New York 13R 13 14, ,500 (s) (JFK) 87 4,954 Orlando 17L 90 9, , ,500 (s) (MCO) Phoenix 26 1,135 11, ,500 (s) (PHX) , , , , ,553 Seattle 34L 356 8, , ,500 (s) (SEA) , ,253 Temperature ( C) Takeoff Weight 3 (lb)

32 Airport analysis: takeoff field length at constant temperature Runway length required Above sea level Sea level Takeoff weight

33 Airport analysis: takeoff field length at constant elevation Runway length required Above standard temperature Standard temperature Takeoff weight

34 Airport analysis: ER takeoff weight Takeoff weight, 1,000 lb Dubai Runway 12L: Winter ADM Temp = 23.7 C Trent 877 Trent 877 Trent 877 Trent 877 Trent 877 Flaps 5 Impr. Climb A/C Off Alt. CG Flaps 5 Impr. Climb A/C On Alt. CG Flaps 5 Impr. Climb A/C On Fwd. CG Flaps 15 Impr. Climb A/C On Fwd. CG Flaps 15 No Impr. Climb A/C On Fwd. CG Trent 884 Flaps 15 No Impr. Climb A/C On Fwd. CG

35 Payload Range Airplane Characteristics Airport Analysis Study Flight Rules

36 Study flight rules Reserve Fuel Policy: En Route Deviation, Missed Approach; Flight to Alternate Airport; Hold-Over Alternate Route Distance En Route Winds En Route Temperature Flight Altitude Cruise Procedure Alternate Airports Origin Profile Destination Alternate

37 Study flight rules: typical flight profile Mission Step cruise Climb Descent Taxi out Takeoff Distance Flight time and fuel Block time and fuel Approach and land Taxi in

38 Study flight rules: typical reserve profile Reserve Cruise Percent Flight Time or Fuel Climb Descent Contingency Flight to alternate Hold at alternate Missed approach Hold Approach and land

39 Study flight rules: great circle distance LHR to SIN

40 Study flight rules: Track LHR to SIN

41 Study flight rules: equivalent still air distance ESAD Los Angeles Manila No Wind 12:00 hrs nm Headwind 12:30 hrs nm ESAD

42 Airplane speed definition Speed schedules MRC ( Maximum Range Cruise) speed schedule that maximizes airplane range LRC (Long Range Cruise) speed schedule for 99% of MRC CI ( Cost Index ) speed schedule relating the cost of flight time to the cost of fuel

43 Study flight rules: fuel mileage, example at 35,000 feet, GE 90 engines, standard day

44 Study flight rules: cruise procedure for Long- Range Cruise (LRC) speed The speed where fuel mileage is 1% less than maximum Representative of an optimum cost index speed for most airlines Where did LRC originate? Speed stability is difficult to achieve at maximum range cruise speed Before the advent of FMCs, a variable cruise speed (like a cost index) was hard to fly Cruise fuel mileage Mach number 1%

45 Study flight rules: ECON cruise ECON Cruise Mach = f(cost Index, CI) TimeCost CI = = FuelCost $/hr cents/lb High CI Low CI high speed, high trip fuel, low trip time low speed, low fuel burn, high trip time

46 Study flight rules: factors affecting fuel burn Range Increasing range increases fuel burn Weight Increasing weight increases fuel burn -Operating Empty Weight -Payload -Reserve fuel policy Cruise Speed Cruise speed above optimum increases fuel burn Altitude Higher cruise altitude decreases fuel burn Enroute Wind Headwind increases fuel burn; tailwind decreases fuel burn Enroute Temperature Higher en route temperature increases fuel burn

47 Increasing Payload Study flight rules: payload-range curve Cargo We can look at things to improve capability: Increased TOW Increased Fuel Capacity Lower OEW Lower Fuel Reserves Full passenger and baggage payload Proposed region of operation.looks pretty good Not so good out here.. Increasing Range

48 Increasing Payload Study flight rules: payload-range curve evolution Adding fuel for increased range Maximum payload limit (MZFW) MTOW limit reached MTOW Increasing Range

49 Increasing Payload Study flight rules: payload-range curve evolution Maximum payload limit (MZFW) Stop! The tanks are full Increasing Range

50 Increasing Payload Study flight rules: payload-range curve evolution Maximum payload limit (MZFW) Increasing Range

51 Increasing Payload Study flight rules: aircraft performance envelope Maximum payload limit (MZFW) Cargo Full passenger and baggage payload Increasing Range

52 Fuel Capacity: 6,875 gal Passengers: 126 (3,173 nm) Study flight rules: circle chart range capability Full Passenger Payload Full Passenger Payload W/CFM56-7B22E Basic Payload: 26,460 lb lb MTOW: 133,000 lb lb OEW: 85,090 85,090 lb lb Fuel Capacity: 6,875 6,875 gal gal Passengers: (1,374 (1,374 nm) nm) W/CFM56-7B22E HGW HGW Payload: 26,460 lb MTOW: Payload: 154,500 26,460 lb lboew: 85,090 lb Fuel MTOW: Capacity: 154,500 6,875 lb OEW: gal 85,090 lb Passengers: Fuel Capacity: 126 6,875 (3,173 galnm) Passengers: 126 (3,173 nm) Boeing Typical Rules 85% Annual Winds 2% Airw ays Allow ance 2% Fuel Burn Factor 210 lb per Pax and Bags 200 nm alternate Range Capability From Denver Anchorage Anchorage Seattle Seattle DENVER DENVER Los Angeles Los Angeles New York Chicago New York Chicago Mexico City Orlando Orlando Mexico City Panam a City DENVE Los Angeles Sea Panam a Cit Boeing Typical Rules 2% 2% 85% Boeing Fuel Airw Annual Typical Burn ays Winds Allow Factor Rules ance % lb Annual per Pax Winds and Bags 2% Airw ays Allow ance

53 W Payload W range Gross comparison Weight Comparison Payload - Range Capability W (CFM56-7B22E) MTOW: 133,000 lb OEW: 85,090 lb Passengers: 126 (1,374 nm) W (CFM56-7B22E) MTOW: 154,500 lb OEW: 85,090 lb Passengers: 126 (3,173 nm) A Payload (1,000 lb) Passengers Pax & Bags Wt: 210 lb Alt Range: 200 nm Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C ,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 Range (nm) APS JOB_PLT.XLS 08/30/ :55 PM

54 Payload range data high gross weight Mission Performance Summary W Gross Weight Comparison Typical Intl Rules; 2% Fuel Markup Payload Range Data Enroute Wind Reliability: 85% Enroute Wind & Temps Season: Annual APS job.apnav / W / CFM56-7B22E / D REVA / 8/30/2011 1:01:01 PM Airframe: Engine: Interior: W CFM56-7B22E 126 Max Taxi Wt: Max TO Wt: Max Land Wt: Max Zero Fuel Wt: Op Empty Wt: Fuel Capacity: Fuel Wt: 155,000 lb 154,500 lb 129,200 lb 121,700 lb 85,090 lb 6,875 gal 46, lb/gal Structural Payload: Study Payload: Passenger Seats: Pax Bags Payload: Rev Cargo: 36,610 lb 36,610 lb 210 lb ea 26,460 lb 10,150 lb Track Rwy Dist ESAD Payload Range Cruise Altitude Cruise Wind Cruise Delta Temp Mach Block Time Takeoff Weight Landing Weight Block Fuel Reserve Fuel PAX Cargo Payload Altn (nm) (nm) (100ft) (kt) ( C) (h) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (nm) ORIG to DEST LRC , ,596 4,056 5, ,150 36,610 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST LRC , ,940 10,988 6, ,149 36,610 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 1,514 1, LRC , ,309 18,377 6, ,148 36,610 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 2,171 2, /380 0/0 0/0 LRC , ,701 26,156 7, ,150 36,610 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 2,496 2, /380/400 0/0/0 0/0/0 LRC , ,376 29,481 7, ,752 33,212 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 2,820 2, /380/400 0/0/0 0/0/0 LRC , ,152 32,705 7, ,512 29,972 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,144 3, /380/400 0/0/0 0/0/0 LRC , ,994 35,863 7, ,743 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,173 3, /380/400 0/0/0 0/0/0 LRC , ,718 36,139 7, ,460 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,469 3, /380/400 0/0/0 0/0/0 LRC , ,897 38,960 7, ,577 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,632 3, /380/400 0/0/0 0/0/0 LRC , ,497 39,124 7, ,340 FUEL ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,795 3, /400 0/0 0/0 LRC , ,513 39,299 6, ,530 FUEL ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,958 3, /400 0/0 0/0 LRC ,555 97,464 39,448 6, ,632 FUEL ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 4,121 4, LRC ,923 91,670 39,610 6, FUEL ALTN 200 Altn Dist

55 Payload range data basic gross weight Mission Performance Summary W Gross Weight Comparison Typical Intl Rules; 2% Fuel Markup Payload Range Data Enroute Wind Reliability: 85% Enroute Wind & Temps Season: Annual APS job.apnav / W / CFM56-7B22E / D REVA / 8/30/2011 1:01:00 PM Airframe: Engine: Interior: W CFM56-7B22E 126 Max Taxi Wt: Max TO Wt: Max Land Wt: Max Zero Fuel Wt: Op Empty Wt: Fuel Capacity: Fuel Wt: 133,500 lb 133,000 lb 128,000 lb 120,500 lb 85,090 lb 6,875 gal 46, lb/gal Structural Payload: Study Payload: Passenger Seats: Pax Bags Payload: Rev Cargo: 35,410 lb 35,410 lb 210 lb ea 26,460 lb 8,950 lb Track Rwy Dist ESAD Payload Range Cruise Altitude Cruise Wind Cruise Delta Temp Mach Block Time Takeoff Weight Landing Weight Block Fuel Reserve Fuel PAX Cargo Payload Altn (nm) (nm) (100ft) (kt) ( C) (h) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (lb) (nm) ORIG to DEST LRC , ,360 4,038 5, ,947 35,410 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST LRC , ,413 5,054 5, ,950 35,410 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST LRC , ,461 6,014 5, ,950 35,410 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST LRC , ,503 6,854 6, ,950 35,410 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 1,374 1, LRC , ,694 15,663 6, ,460 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 1,374 1, LRC , ,688 15,669 6, ,454 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 2,270 2, LRC , ,350 24,007 6, ,932 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 3,166 3, LRC , ,410 31,947 6, ,841 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 4,062 4, LRC ,000 93,799 39,558 6, ,077 ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 4,076 4, LRC ,475 93,262 39,569 6, ,553 FUEL ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 4,091 4, LRC ,960 92,733 39,583 6, ,037 FUEL ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 4,106 4, LRC ,446 92,206 39,598 6, FUEL ALTN 200 ORIG to DEST - 4,121 4, LRC ,923 91,670 39,610 6, FUEL ALTN 200 Altn Dist

56 Key takeaways Airplane Characteristics + Airport Analysis + Study Flight Rules Range Payload Takeoff Performance Block Time and Block Fuel

57 Payload Range Aircraft performance capability can significantly impact the strategy MonteCristo Air chooses to respond to competition

58 Payload Range Questions: 1. What would be the effect of an OEW increase? 2. How would a passenger weight increase affect design range? 3. Where would an airport takeoff limit show up on a payload range curve? 4. How would a very long flight to alternate distance affect design range? 5. How would a hot enroute cruise temperature affect design range? 6. How does an auxiliary fuel tank affect the design range? (This has a two part answer) 7. How does reducing reserves contingency fuel affect a payload range? 8. How is a payload range curve impacted by flying at off optimum altitudes? 9. How does speed affect a design range?

59 MonteCristoAir Payload - Range Capability A (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9, Range (km)

60 MonteCristoAir Effect of OEW Increase A (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 45,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,443 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

61 MonteCristoAir Effect of Pax Wt Increase A Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers at 110kgs 162 Passengers at 95kgs (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (5,970 km) Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

62 MonteCristoAir Effect of Airport Takeoff Weight Limit A (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) TOW: 78,000 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (5,581 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

63 24 22 MonteCristoAir Effect of Long Alternate Distance 200nm vs 400nm (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) A (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,176 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers 400nm 200nm Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

64 MonteCristoAir Effect of High Enroute Temperature ISA vs ISA+15degC (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,415 km) A Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers ISA+15 deg C ISA Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 & 15 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

65 MonteCristoAir Effect of Auxiliary Fuel Tank A (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,938 kg Passengers: 162 (6,867 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers 6 6,853 gal 7,600 gal Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 Range (km)

66 MonteCristoAir Effect of Reduced Contingency Fuel 3% vs 5% Contingency Fuel (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,681 km) A Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers 5% 3% Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

67 MonteCristoAir Effect of Optimum vs Constant Altitude Cruise A (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,301 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers 32,000ft Optimum altitudes Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

68 MonteCristoAir Effect of Speed on Range LRC vs MRC (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,534 km) (LEAP-1B25) MTOW: 82,191 kg OEW: 44,711 kg Passengers: 162 (6,585 km) Payload (1,000 kg) Passengers LRC MRC Pax & Bags Wt: 95 kg Alt Range: 370 km Enroute Temp (ISA): 0 DEG C. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Range (km)

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