Air Travel UNIT. Air travel & airport security. Language Functions Showing obligations & offering help and asking for help.

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1 UNIT 7 Air Travel Language Functions Showing obligations & offering help and asking for help Vocabulary in Use Air travel & airport security Grammar Focus Modal verbs

2 1 PART Catching the Plane Getting Started Have you ever traveled abroad on a plane? Check the things you need to board a plane. Boarding pass ID card Passport Insurance card Plane ticket Track Conversation Nicole What time is it? Mitch It s only 3:30. There s still an hour left before we have to get on the plane. Nicole I know, but we re supposed to 1 be at the boarding gate 2 at 4:10. We don t have a lot of time. Besides one hour can fly by quickly. Mitch You have a good point. All right, let s hurry up then. We should buy some souvenirs 3 for Mom and Dad. Nicole That s a great idea. There s a gift shop 4 next to the duty-free 5 store over there. Mitch Oh, I have to go to the restroom. But I will be quick about it. Nicole OK, go ahead 6. I ll meet you at the gift shop. Remember we don t have much time, though. Mitch Sure. I ll be right there with you. Air travel A Words & Phrases Track be supposed to phr. 應該 2 boarding gate n. 登機門 3 souvenir [ +suv4'n6r ] n. 紀念品 4 gift shop n. 禮品店 5 duty-free [ 'djut6'fri ] adj. 免稅的 6 go ahead phr. 請便 ; 去進行吧 1 book a plane ticket 預訂機票 2 check in (one s baggage/luggage) 辦理登機手續 ( 托運行李 ) 3 go through customs 過海關 4 wait at the boarding gate 在登機門等候 5 board/get on the plane 登機 6 reach the destination 抵達目的地 7 get off the plane 下飛機 8 claim one s baggage/luggage 領取行李 For more information on the vocabulary, please refer to page

3 B Listening Practice Track Practice 1 Listen to the conversation again. Then, listen to the questions and the best answers. 1 Where are the speakers? 2 When will the speakers plane take off? a. At the boarding gate. a. At 3:30. b. Near a duty-free store. b. At 4:10. c. Inside a plane. c. At 4:30. 3 What might the speakers relationship be? a. Classmates. b. Mother and son. c. Brother and sister. Practice 2 4 What might Mitch do next? a. Go to the restroom. b. Buy a gift for Nicole. c. Give his parents a call. Review the statement patterns in the conversation. Then, listen to the questions or statements and the best responses. 1 What time is the sales meeting? a. Yes, it s about time. b. It starts at 4 p.m. c. It takes about three hours. 2 We re supposed to complete our school project by next Tuesday. a. All right. Let s start working on it. b. When did you get it done? c. Sure, let s meet some other time. PART ONE English for Life Practice 3 Look at the three pictures. Then, listen and write the correct answers in the boxes. 1 a 2 b 3 d 1 a. People are shopping around. b. People are rushing somewhere. c. People are boarding a plane. d. People are waiting in line. 2 a. He s choosing a gift. b. He s waiting for his plane. c. He s booking a plane ticket. d. He s checking into a hotel. 3 a. There s a crowd of soldiers. b. Some passengers are using the escalator. c. The place is empty. d. Some counters are busy. PART ONE English for Life Look at the three pictures again. Then, listen to a short talk. Where is Tony now? Check the correct picture. Tony is very excited about traveling to Canada today. It s his first time flying abroad, so he has prepared very carefully. He has checked in his baggage and done some duty-free shopping. Now, he is at the boarding gate and waiting to get on his plane. Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 UNIT 7 Air Travel 87

4 C Conversation Practice Use the following expressions to show obligations: I must I have to They should They are supposed to I must study for my exam tonight. I have to study for my exam tonight. They should be on time for class. They re supposed to be on time for class. You are expected to You re expected to return the books by May 5. You are required to You re required to return the books by May 5. The following is a list of things that airplane passengers are required to do. Discuss with your partner. Then, fill in the blanks. Check in two hours before the flight. Check in with your planet ticket and passport. Be at the boarding gate 20 minutes before the flight. Avoid taking dangerous items such as knives and lighters aboard the plane. Use the information above to help you fill in the blanks. Then, do a role play with your partner. A: When is our flight tomorrow? B: Our plane takes off at 9:30 p.m. A: So, we should check in at the airport by 7:30, right? B: Yes. And we re supposed to be at the boarding gate at 9:10 p.m.. A: OK, fine. I must remember to bring my plane ticket and passport. B: Of course. And you mustn t pack any knives or lighters in your hand baggage. 88

5 Reading Reading speed: mins Record it on page 202. Track Notice Dear Travelers, Because of recent airport security 1 problems in France, we have decided to introduce new safety measures 2. All passengers 3 who fly from London Heathrow Airport will now have to go through an extra 4 security check. Travelers must empty 5 their bags and put all their things on trays 6. The trays will then be examined by the airport s security officers and trained 7 dogs. PART ONE English for Life Passengers can ask to have their bags viewed in a private 8 room. However, this will take more time, so you should only ask for this service if it is really necessary. Travelers may also speed up 9 the process 10 by opening their bags as they reach the front of the line. Please unpack your bag properly 11 before the security officers examine your things. This will help save time and avoid 12 any confusion 13. We are sorry for the extra trouble, but we want to make sure all departing 14 flights are as safe as possible. Thank you for your understanding 15 and have a pleasant 16 journey. London Heathrow Airport Security The prefix un~ We can create the antonyms of some verbs or adjectives by adding un~ (= not) to them. Examples 1 lock (v.) 鎖上 unlock (v.) 開鎖 2 pack (v.) 打包 unpack (v.) 打開 ( 行李 ) 3 able (adj.) 能夠 unable (adj.) 無法 4 lucky (adj.) 幸運的 unlucky (adj.) 不幸的 UNIT 7 Air Travel 89

6 A Words & Phrases Track security [ s6'kj8r4t6 ] n. 安全 2 measure [ 'm5./ ] n. 措施 3 passenger [ 'p1s4nd./ ] n. 乘客 4 extra [ '5kstr4 ] adj. 額外的 5 empty [ '5mpt6 ] v. 使變空 6 tray [ tre ] n. 托盤 ; 盤子 7 trained [ trend ] adj. 受過訓練的 8 private [ 'pra6v6t ] adj. 私密的 ; 私人的 9 speed up phr. 加速 10 process [ 'pr3s5s ] n. 過程 11 properly [ 'pr3p0l6 ] adv. 恰當的 ; 適切地 12 avoid [ 4'v76d ] v. 避免 13 confusion [ k4n'fju.4n ] n. 混亂 14 departing [ d6'p3rt6; ] adj. 啟程的 15 understanding [ +9nd0'st1nd6; ] n. 了解 16 pleasant [ 'pl5z4nt ] adj. 愉快的 B Vocabulary Practice Use the words above to complete the following letter. Change the word form if necessary. Dear Heathrow Airport Security, For more information on the vocabulary, please refer to page 193. I am writing to ask you to change the security regulations for disabled passengers. I am in a wheelchair and I believe that new measures need to be taken when passengers like me pass through security check points. Last month, while I was waiting for my things to be examined at a check point, one of the trained dogs started barking at me. It gave me such a fright that I dropped my open bag and my things went all over the floor. Several passengers fell down after stepping on them and in the confusion, an officer started to yell at me. This has been a terrible experience for me. In the future, I suggest you review the process for disabled passengers going through security. Sincerely, Agatha Meyers C Reading Comprehension Read the notice again. Then, answer the questions. 1 Why are new safety measures being introduced? Because of recent airport security problems in France. 2 Who is this notice for? Passengers who fly from London Heathrow Airport. 3 Who will examine the travelers things? The airport security officers and trained dogs. 4 How can travelers help to speed up the process? By unpacking their bags before their things are examined. 90

7 Grammar Focus Modal Verbs (1): Can, Could, Will, Would A Modal verbs of ability: can, could We often use can or could to show the ability to do something. EX: Can you handle this on your own? Maggie couldn t speak English at all six months ago. I will be able to help you with your work next Monday. *The future tense: will/won t be able to ( won t can ) Practice 1 Answer the questions using your own words. 1 What can you do? 2 What could you do well when you were young? 3 What will you be able to do in ten years? PART ONE English for Life B Modal verbs of request: can, could, will, would We use can, could, will, and would to make a request or ask others to do something. Direct Requests ( Less Polite) Will you pass the salt? Can you give me a hand? More Polite Requests Would you (please) pass the salt? Could you (please) give me a hand? *level of politeness: could and would are more polite than can and will. Practice 2 You are on a plane and you want the flight attendant to do something for you. Make your requests politely. 1 give me a glass of water Could/Would you (please) give me a glass of water? 2 bring me an extra blanket Could/Would you (please) bring me an extra blanket? 3 take away the food tray Could/Would you (please) take away the food tray? 4 help me fill out the arrival card Could/Would you (please) help me fill out the arrival card? Modal Verbs (2): Should, Ought to A Modal verbs of advice & responsibility We use should and ought to to express advice or focus on responsibility. Giving advice Showing responsibility You should/ought to exercise regularly. You should not leave your school assignment until the last minute. You should/ought to follow the speed limit. UNIT 7 Air Travel 91

8 Grammar Focus Practice 3 Look at the three pictures. Then, give advice with the words from the box. a. put on a coat b. take some pills c. avoid eating junk food A: Mr. Bailey has put on a lot of weight recently. B: He ought to avoid eating junk food. A: The temperature has dropped during the night. B: You should put on a coat when you go outside. A: Cheryl has a really bad headache. B: She should take some pills. B Modal verbs of an obligation: must, have to We use must or have to to express the necessity to do something. Must/have to Mustn t and don t have to Must and have to have similar meanings. Both refer to something which is necessary. EX: You must /have to switch off your phone during the meeting. Mustn t is used about something which is wrong to do. EX: You mustn t smoke in the workshop. Don t have to means that something is not necessary. You can do it if you want, but there is no rule. EX: Tomorrow is Christmas Day. We don t have to go to work. * Have to is more common when talking about the law or company rules. * The present tense: must/have to, the past tense: had to, the future tense: will have to ( will must ) Practice 4 Read the signs and notices. Choose the sentence which correctly explains the meaning of each sign. 1 NO ADMITTANCE WITHOUT YOUR HELMET a. You can wear your helmet. b. You must wear your helmet. c. You would wear your helmet. 2 DELIVERY IS FREE. THERE IS NO CHARGE FOR POSTAGE AND PACKING. a. You don t have to pay for the delivery. b. You mustn t pay for the delivery. c. You shouldn t pay for the delivery. 3 DO NOT DISTURB. MEETING IN PROGRESS. a. You wouldn t interrupt the meeting. b. You do have to interrupt the meeting. c. You mustn t interrupt the meeting. 92

9 PART 2 Life in the Air Getting Started What are the advantages and disadvantages of being a flight attendant? Discuss with your partner and then fill in the table. Free flights Advantages Disadvantages Rude passengers Good pay Opportunities to travel around the world Others: Track Limited working space boring work Others: Conversation Flight Attendant Passenger Flight Attendant Passenger 1 2 Hello, would you like some help filling out your landing card? Yes, please. Could you tell me our flight number? It s AC212. Do you know where you ll be staying in Detroit? Yes, I m booked at the Marriott Hotel. I wonder why they need to know that. 3 4 Flight Attendant It s so that they know where to contact you if there s an emergency. I m sure you d like them to know how to reach you if your luggage gets lost. Passenger Will my luggage get lost easily? (laughs) I hope not. However, that 5 6 makes sense. It s better to be safe than sorry. Flight Attendant Oh, and don t forget to check what the ht crew Flig purpose of your visit is. It s business, right? Passenger That s right. Thanks a lot for your help. A Words & Phrases 1 fill out phr. 填寫 2 landing card n. 入境卡 Track contact [ 'k3nt1kt ] v. 聯絡 ) captain (=pilot in command 機長 first officer (=co-pilot) 副駕駛員 flight engineer 航空技師 purser 座艙長 flight attendant 空服員 4 emergency [ 6'm-d.4ns6 ] n. 緊急事件 5 make sense phr. 有道理 6 better to be safe than sorry phr. 穩妥總比後悔好 For more information on the vocabulary, please refer to page 193. UNIT 7 Air Travel U7.indd /7/1 下午1:51

10 B Listening Practice Track Practice 1 Listen to the conversation again. Then, listen to the questions and the best answers. 1 Where does this conversation likely take 2 What does the passenger ask for? place? a. Another drink. a. At the check-in desk. b. The number of the flight. b. At customs. c. The name of the hotel. c. In an airplane. 3 Where is the passenger going to stay? a. At a friend s place. b. In a local hotel. c. At home. Practice 2 4 Why does the passenger need to write where he is staying? a. In case he gets lost in Detroit. b. In case he misses his flight. c. In case there is an emergency. Review the question patterns in the conversation. Then, listen to the questions and the best responses. 1 Hi, would you like some help putting those boxes onto the shelves? a. Sure. I d be happy to help. b. No, thanks. I think I can manage it. c. Yes, you can contact me at this number. Practice 3 2 Excuse me. Can you give me a hand? a. Yes, of course. b. Yes, I need a hand. c. The pleasure is mine. Look at the three pictures. Then, listen and write the correct answers in the boxes. 1 c 2 d 3 b 1 a. The woman is unpacking her bag. b. The woman is ordering a drink. c. The woman is getting in a taxi. d. The woman is entering a house. 2 a. They are passing a security check. b. They are filling out forms. c. There is a phone on the counter. d. There are clocks on the wall. 3 a. Flight attendants are serving food. b. There are several TVs up above. c. The airplane has an emergency. d. The passengers are getting off the plane. Look at the three pictures again. Then, listen to a short talk. What will Ellen NOT do today? Check the correct picture. Today Ellen is returning home from a business trip. Before she leaves Los Angeles, she has to check out of the hotel. Then, she will take the hotel s shuttle bus to the airport. After she gets on the plane, she s going to relax on the flight and enjoy some good movies. Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 94

11 C Conversation Practice Use the following expressions to offer and ask for help: (Offering help) Do you need any help? Can I give you a hand? Would you like some help? Is there anything I can do to help? (Asking for help) Could/Can you help me, please? Could you (please) give me a hand? Could/Can you do me a favor? Look at the pictures. What kind of help do the people need? Discuss with your partner and then fill in the blanks. PART TWO English for Work Joyce Betty Susan Joyce needs help going down the stairs. Betty needs help carrying the books (to the file room). Susan needs someone to help her restart her car. Use the information above to help you fill in the blanks. Then, do a role play with your partner. Conversation 1 Asking for help A: Excuse me. Could you please give me a hand? (asking for help) B: Yes, of course. What can I do for you? A: I need help/please help me going down the stairs. B: OK, no problem. /All right, I ll take care of it. Conversation 2 Offering help A: Hi, would you like some help going down the stairs? (offering help) B: That would be great. Thanks. A: You re welcome. UNIT 7 Air Travel 95

12 Reading Reading speed: mins Record it on page 202. Track Melissa is a flight attendant, and she works for Virgin Atlantic. Her main duty 1 is to make certain 2 that everyone follows 3 the airplane safety rules. She also has to make sure the passengers feel comfortable throughout 4 the flight. Before a flight, she and the other attendants have to meet with the captain to talk about the journey. They discuss what weather conditions they expect 5 and how long the flight will last 6. The attendants also find out if any of the passengers have any special needs. Later, Melissa will get on 7 the plane and check the emergency equipment 8. After that, it is her job to make certain there are enough drinks and meals for everyone. She will greet the passengers as they board the plane and then direct 9 them to their seats. She will make sure that everyone s seatbelt 10 is fastened and everything in the cabin 11 is safely secured. Melissa must also show the passengers what to do if there is an emergency. Her hard work continues when the plane is in the air 12. Melissa will serve 13 drinks and meals, answer questions about the flight, and help those in need 14. At the end of the journey, she will happily say goodbye to each traveler. 96 The suffix ~en & prefix en~ We can create verbs by adding en to the beginning or the end of some adjectives. Examples 1 large (adj.) 大的 enlarge (v.) 使變大 2 able (adj.) 能夠 enable (v.) 使能夠 3 fast (adj.) 緊的 fasten (v.) 使變緊 4 broad (adj.) 寬的 broaden (v.) 使變寬

13 A Words & Phrases Track duty [ 'djut6 ] n. 職責 2 make certain phr. 確保 (= make sure) 3 follow [ 'falo ] v. 遵守 4 throughout [ qru'a8t ] prep. 從頭至尾 ; 貫穿 5 expect [ 6k'sp5kt ] v. 期待 6 last [ l1st ] v. 持續 7 get on phr. 登上 ( 交通工具 ) B Vocabulary Practice 8 emergency equipment n. 緊急設備 9 direct [ d4'r5kt ] v. 引領, 指路 10 seatbelt [ 'sit'b5lt ] n. 安全帶 11 cabin [ 'k1b6n ] n. 機艙 12 in the air phr. 在空中 13 serve [ s-v ] v. 供應 ( 食物 ); 服務 14 in need phr. 有需要 ; 有困難 For more information on the vocabulary, please refer to page 193. Use the words above to complete the following paragraph. Change the word form if necessary. PART TWO English for Work Sir Richard Branson is the owner of the airline Virgin Atlantic. He has been very successful throughout his entire career. He started his business in record stores and then moved on to airlines. Now, with Virgin Galactic, he expects to offer flights to outer space in just a few years. He wants to make certain that his space flights are safe and that people have the best experience of their lives. Training for a space flight will last only three days. For US$200,000, you can be in the air and off to space in a very short time. C Reading Comprehension Read the passage again. Then, check the best title. Dos and Don ts of Air Travel Melissa s Dream to Fly A Typical Day of a Flight Attendant Keeping Passengers Safe in the Air Read the passage again. Then, check Melissa s job duties. As a flight attendant, Melissa has to 1 direct passengers to their seats. 2 fasten every passenger s seatbelt. 3 prepare blankets and meals for the captain. 4 make sure of the comfort of every passenger. 5 meet with the captain to discuss the weather conditions. UNIT 7 Air Travel 97

14 Writing Activity Daniel is going on a camping trip with his colleagues in July. Look at the list of items that he should or shouldn t bring on the trip. Then, complete the passage below. Things to bring on the camping trip 1 tent & sleeping bag 2 camp stove 3 water & canned food 4 map & compass & others Things not to bring on the camping trip 1 laptop computer Daniel is going on a camping trip with his colleagues in July. For the trip, he must bring some water, canned food, and a camp stove. Without them, he can t survive in the forest. Also, he mustn t forget to pack a map and a compass, as it s very easy to get lost in the woods. He has to prepare a tent and a sleeping bag as well because they protect him against the cold and bug bites. What he doesn t have to bring is his laptop computer. It s useless to him in the wilderness. Elizabeth is going on a business trip to New Zealand soon. The travel agency has sent her a list of things that she should and shouldn t bring with her. Look at the list and write a passage about her trip. What to bring and what to leave behind 1 Make sure you bring these items: passport flight ticket warm clothes (wintertime in New Zealand now) anti-nausea medicine (if you suffer from travel sickness) 2 Do not bring these items on the plane: hairspray lighters or matches sharp objects (like a penknife) Elizabeth is going on a business trip to New Zealand soon. For the journey, she must bring her passport and flight ticket. Without them, she can t leave the country. Also, she mustn t forget to pack some warm clothes, as it s wintertime in New Zealand now. She has to prepare anti-nausea medicine as well because she suffers from travel sickness. What she definitely cannot bring is dangerous items such as hairspray, lighters, and penknives they are not allowed on the plane. 98