Social Studies Round

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1 Indiana Academic Super Bowl Social Studies Round 2019 Area - Senior Division A Program of the Indiana Association of School Principals Students: Throughout this competition, foreign names and words may be used. If there are any discrepancies between how a word/phrase should be pronounced and what you see on the screen, the screen supersedes what is spoken.

2 PRACTICE At the same time as the great pyramids of the Old Kingdom were constructed, the Egyptian kings relied on which of the following to hold the highest administrative offices of the kingdom? A. educated slaves and eunuchs B. literate nobles in the court and the provinces C. members of the royal family D. military leaders PRACTICE At the same time as the great pyramids of the Old Kingdom were constructed, the Egyptian kings relied on which of the following to hold the highest administrative offices of the kingdom? C. members of the royal family

3 SD-A-SS-1 According to the Egyptian myth The Contendings of Horus and Seth, a tribunal of the gods ruled that Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris, would receive the throne of Egypt. This divine decision established which of the following principles? A. As Horus succeeded Osiris, the Egyptian throne should pass from father to son B. Whereas Isis succumbed to Seth s manipulations, women should have no voice in government C. In life, every king became the god Osiris and his chief wife became the goddess Isis D. all of the above SD-A-SS-1 According to the Egyptian myth The Contendings of Horus and Seth, a tribunal of the gods ruled that Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris, would receive the throne of Egypt. This divine decision established which of the following principles? A. As Horus succeeded Osiris, the Egyptian throne should pass from father to son

4 SD-A-SS-2 Which one of the markers point toward the location of Memphis, key city throughout much of the history of ancient Egyptians? A. Marker A B. Marker B C. Marker C D. Marker D SD-A-SS-2 Which one of the markers point toward the location of Memphis, key city throughout much of the history of ancient Egyptians? C. Marker C

5 SD-A-SS-3 In this painting of an imposing palace ceremony, Akhenaten and Nefertiti appear with their children and distribute rewards to an assembled crowd of Egyptians at which location? A. along the Royal Road leading to the palace B. at the Window of Appearance in the palace courtyard C. In the arreyet or area in front of the main pylon entrance of the palace D. in the per-aa or residential quarter of the palace SD-A-SS-3 In this painting of an imposing palace ceremony, Akhenaten and Nefertiti appear with their children and distribute rewards to an assembled crowd of Egyptians at which location? B. at the Window of Appearance in the palace courtyard

6 SD-A-SS-4 From the beginning of the New Kingdom through the reign of Ramesses II, royal daughters were forbidden to marry men from two of the following categories. In a startling break with tradition, Tutankhamun s widow offered to marry a man from which forbidden category? A. commoners B. courtiers C. foreigners D. half-siblings SD-A-SS-4 From the beginning of the New Kingdom through the reign of Ramesses II, royal daughters were forbidden to marry men from two of the following categories. In a startling break with tradition, Tutankhamun s widow offered to marry a man from which forbidden category? C. foreigners

7 SD-A-SS-5 What is the significance or symbolic meaning of the pharaonic crown in this picture? A. the crown, designed for daily wear, was connected to solar rejuvenation B. the crown, frequently but not exclusively, portrays the king as a great warrior C. the crown presents the king as ruling a united kingdom of both Upper and Lower Egypt D. the crown, the symbol of Lower Egypt, associates the king with the morning light of dawn SD-A-SS-5 What is the significance or symbolic meaning of the pharaonic crown in this picture? C. the crown presents the king as ruling a united kingdom of both Upper and Lower Egypt

8 SD-A-SS-6 The most important responsibility of an Egyptian king was the maintenance of maat. Which of the following phrases best explains the duties of the king regarding maat? A. extracting tribute and deference from neighboring kingdoms and their peoples B. preserving the kings autocratic power as well as the privileges of the aristocracy C. safeguarding the divine order and justice of the gods D. strictly administering harsh laws in order to prevent chaos SD-A-SS-6 The most important responsibility of an Egyptian king was the maintenance of maat. Which of the following phrases best explains the duties of the king regarding maat? C. safeguarding the divine order and justice of the gods

9 SD-A-SS-7 For much of the Early Dynastic Period, the kings facilitated the importation of luxury goods into Egypt by sending military forces to occupy which of the following territories beyond Upper and Lower Egypt? A. Eastern Libya and Sinai B. Faiyum and the western desert oases C. Mesopotamia D. southern Palestine and Lower Nubia SD-A-SS-7 For much of the Early Dynastic Period, the kings facilitated the importation of luxury goods into Egypt by sending military forces to occupy which of the following territories beyond Upper and Lower Egypt? D. southern Palestine and Lower Nubia

10 SD-A-SS-8 Between c and 2551 BC, King Snerferu of the Old Kingdom constructed the Red Pyramid at Dahshur. Of all the pyramids in Egypt, what is the significance of that structure? A. it is the first true smooth-sided pyramid B. it is a massive mud-brick and stone mastabas C. it is the oldest large pyramid D. it is the largest pyramid SD-A-SS-8 Between c and 2551 BC, King Snerferu of the Old Kingdom constructed the Red Pyramid at Dahshur. Of all the pyramids in Egypt, what is the significance of that structure? A. it is the first true smooth-sided pyramid

11 SD-A-SS-9 Less than 100 years after the reunification of Egypt and the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, King Amenemhat I moved the capital city from Thebes to an area near the Faiyum Oasis in order to increase his control of which of the following? A. First Cataract of the Nile B. Lower Egypt C. Red Sea trade routes D. Upper Egypt SD-A-SS-9 Less than 100 years after the reunification of Egypt and the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, King Amenemhat I moved the capital city from Thebes to an area near the Faiyum Oasis in order to increase his control of which of the following? B. Lower Egypt

12 SD-A-SS-10 Which city of ancient Egypt is the subject of this modern reconstruction which shows the Luxor Temple in the foreground and the Karnak Temple in the distance? A. Alexandria B. Memphis C. Thebes D. Pi-Ramesses SD-A-SS-10 Which city of ancient Egypt is the subject of this modern reconstruction which shows the Luxor Temple in the foreground and the Karnak Temple in the distance? C. Thebes

13 SD-A-SS-11 Ramesside reliefs (similar to this representation of Seti I) show kings killing individuals in the presence of popular Egyptian gods. It is possible, according to Garry Shaw, that these men being killed in a temple ritual were which of the following? A. common criminals executed in accordance with the king s justice B. foreign prisoners of war killed to illustrate the triumph of order over chaos C. humans sacrificed to appease the gods during a time of crisis D. royal servants destined to serve the previous king in the after life SD-A-SS-11 Ramesside reliefs (similar to this representation of Seti I) show kings killing individuals in the presence of popular Egyptian gods. It is possible, according to Garry Shaw, that these men being killed in a temple ritual were which of the following? B. foreign prisoners of war killed to illustrate the triumph of order over chaos

14 SD-A-SS-12 In Egyptian mythology, foreigners were a manifestation of chaos and dynasties of foreign origin would seem to have undermined royal authority. Though the Egyptian people did accept three of the following foreign rulers, which one did they reject and rebel against? A. the Hyksos rulers of the Nile Delta during the Second Intermediate Period B. the Libyan rulers in the Nile Delta during the Third Intermediate Period C. the Greco-Macedonian Alexander the Great during the Ptolemy Dynasty D. the Nubian rulers of Upper Egypt during the Third Intermediate Period SD-A-SS-12 In Egyptian mythology, foreigners were a manifestation of chaos and dynasties of foreign origin would seem to have undermined royal authority. Though the Egyptian people did accept three of the following foreign rulers, which one did they reject and rebel against? A. the Hyksos rulers of the Nile Delta during the Second Intermediate Period

15 SD-A-SS-13 Having fought his way out of ambush by the Hittites at Kadesh, Ramesses II praised Mut-Is- Content and Victory-In-Thebes for standing with him and declared that they shall henceforth be fed in my presence, wherever I reside in my palace. Mut-Is-Content and Victory-In-Thebes were which of the following? A. his brave charioteer and shield bearer B. his great horses C. his mercenary Sherden bodyguards D. his patron protective gods SD-A-SS-13 Having fought his way out of ambush by the Hittites at Kadesh, Ramesses II praised Mut-Is- Content and Victory-In-Thebes for standing with him and declared that they shall henceforth be fed in my presence, wherever I reside in my palace. Mut-Is-Content and Victory-In-Thebes were which of the following? B. his great horses

16 SD-A-SS-14 This statue in the louvre Museum in Paris portrays an Egyptian court official wearing a simple long robe that came down to the ankles and was raised as high as the armpits. He also wears a symbol of maat around his neck and tucked into his robe. Based upon his clothing, he holds which of the following positions? A. General B. high priest C. local court judge D. vizier SD-A-SS-14 This statue in the Louvre Museum in Paris portrays an Egyptian court official wearing a simple long robe that came down to the ankles and was raised as high as the armpits. He also wears a symbol of maat around his neck and tucked into his robe. Based upon his clothing, he holds which of the following positions? D. vizier

17 SD-A-SS-15 Three of the following statements accurately describe traditions related to royal marriages during the New Kingdom. Which statement is FALSE? A. following the divine example of Osiris, kings were free to marry their half-sisters or even daughters B. daughters of Levantine vassal kings were sent to Egypt to join the king s harem C. kings often married daughters of important foreign kings in order to cement diplomatic relations D. to prevent the dilution of the royal bloodline, kings were not permitted to marry commoners SD-A-SS-15 Three of the following statements accurately describe traditions related to royal marriages during the New Kingdom. Which statement is FALSE? D. to prevent the dilution of the royal bloodline, kings were not permitted to marry commoners

18 SD-A-SS-16 Egyptian physicians believed that illnesses could be the result of harmful substances called wehedu entering the body and infiltrating the metu. Which of the following phrases describe the Egyptian concept of the metu? A. all bodily fluids, including air, pass through the metu B. metu were the stringy tubes within the body, including veins, arteries, and tendons C. tubes of metu were connected to the heart D. all of the above SD-A-SS-16 Egyptian physicians believed that illnesses could be the result of harmful substances called wehedu entering the body and infiltrating the metu. Which of the following phrases describe the Egyptian concept of the metu? D. all of the above

19 SD-A-SS-17 This modern illustration represents the tombs in which Piye, and other kings of Egypt s Nubian 25 th Dynasty, were buried during the Third Intermediate Period. Those pyramids and similar ones built in the following centuries for the kings and queens of Napata and Meroë are now located in which of the following modern countries? A. Egypt B. Jordan C. Libya D. Sudan SD-A-SS-17 This modern illustration represents the tombs in which Piye, and other kings of Egypt s Nubian 25 th Dynasty, were buried during the Third Intermediate Period. Those pyramids and similar ones built in the following centuries for the kings and queens of Napata and Meroë are now located in which of the following modern countries? D. Sudan

20 SD-A-SS-18 The following sentences describe the fate of four of the Egyptian leaders between 462 and 525 BC. Which sentence accurately refers to Nectanebo II whose reign Garry Shaw describes as the last glorious flowering of traditional Egyptian civilization. A. He was crucified or impaled by the Persians. B. He was deposed in a military coup and executed by his successor. C. He was driven into exile by a family member. D. He was forced to flee to Nubia by an invading Persian army. SD-A-SS-18 The following sentences describe the fate of four of the Egyptian leaders between 462 and 525 BC. Which sentence accurately refers to Nectanebo II whose reign Garry Shaw describes as the last glorious flowering of traditional Egyptian civilization. D. He was forced to flee to Nubia by an invading Persian army.

21 SD-A-SS-19 Throughout Egyptian history, the main body of any king s army consisted of which of the following? A. foot soldiers armed with spears, sickle swords, or axes B. foreign mercenaries armed with iron weapons C. highly trained charioteers D. men of great strength trained as archers SD-A-SS-19 Throughout Egyptian history, the main body of any king s army consisted of which of the following? A. foot soldiers armed with spears, sickle swords, or axes

22 SD-A-SS-20 The Egyptian god of war, Montu, is shown here in his usual form with a falcon s head crowned with two ostrich plumes and a sun disk. However, he was also depicted, especially when enraged, as having the head of which of the following animals? A. bull B. elephant C. lion D. vulture SD-A-SS-20 The Egyptian god of war, Montu, is shown here in his usual form with a falcon s head crowned with two ostrich plumes and a sun disk. However, he was also depicted, especially when enraged, as having the head of which of the following animals? A. bull

23 SD-A-SS-21 A UNESCO World Heritage site, the temple complex at Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt, is dedicated to the king represented by these colossal figures. Which powerful Egyptian ruler built this monumental structure with statues of himself? A. Djoser, whose monumental building projects marked the origins of the Old Kingdom B. Montuhotep II, who founded the Middle Kingdom by reuniting Upper and Lower Egypt C. Ptolemy I, Alexander the Great s Macedonian general who founded the Ptolemaic Dynasty D. Ramesses II, of the New Kingdom, who fought the Hittites at Kadesh SD-A-SS-21 A UNESCO World Heritage site, the temple complex at Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt, is dedicated to the king represented by these colossal figures. Which powerful Egyptian ruler built this monumental structure with statues of himself? D. Ramesses II, of the New Kingdom, who fought the Hittites at Kadesh

24 SD-A-SS-22 During Egypt s Second Intermediate Period, centralized authority collapsed and Egypt was eventually dominated by several small kingdoms. The Hyksos crossed the Sinai and first established themselves in Egypt by conquering which of the following small kingdoms? A. the Kingdom of Avaris in the northeastern Nile Delta B. the Kingdom of Thebes in the southern portion of Upper Egypt C. the Kingdom of Kush based at Kerma in Lower Nubia D. the Kingdom of Sais in the northwestern Nile Delta SD-A-SS-22 During Egypt s Second Intermediate Period, centralized authority collapsed and Egypt was eventually dominated by several small kingdoms. The Hyksos crossed the Sinai and first established themselves in Egypt by conquering which of the following small kingdoms? A. the Kingdom of Avaris in the northeastern Nile Delta

25 SD-A-SS-23 Egyptian kings would give golden flies, such as these, to which of the following persons? A. courtiers in gratitude for faithful service B. soldiers for bravery in battle C. vassal kings to recognize their loyalty D. wives as expressions of romantic love SD-A-SS-23 Egyptian kings would give golden flies, such as these, to which of the following persons? B. soldiers for bravery in battle

26 SD-A-SS-24 All of the following horrific events occurred within a span of 83 years and undermined the stability of Egypt and the power of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Which destabilizing event happened at the same time that a Roman civil war spread to Egypt? A. the Alexandrian mob executed the king after he murdered his wife, a queen beloved by the people B. the king murdered his own son and sent his dismembered body to the boy s mother, his wife the queen C. the deposed king returned to Egypt, murdering the ruling queen, who was his own daughter D. siblings and co-rulers of Egypt, the king and queen fought a civil war in which the king died SD-A-SS-24 All of the following horrific events occurred within a span of 83 years and undermined the stability of Egypt and the power of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Which destabilizing event happened at the same time that a Roman civil war spread to Egypt? D. siblings and co-rulers of Egypt, the king and queen fought a civil war in which the king died

27 SD-A-SS-25 Garry Shaw relates the story of this man, Amenhotep Son of Hapu, of relatively humble origins who became one of Amenhotep III s most trusted advisers. He received his own private mortuary temple at Thebes and was subsequently deified and worshipped by Egyptians of the Latin Period. What was his official position in Amenhotep III s government? A. battalion commander of Kush B. chamberlain who managed the king s personal household C. Karnak temple priest D. scribe and overseer of construction works SD-A-SS-25 Garry Shaw relates the story of this man, Amenhotep Son of Hapu, of relatively humble origins who became one of Amenhotep III s most trusted advisers. He received his own private mortuary temple at Thebes and was subsequently deified and worshipped by Egyptians of the Latin Period. What was his official position in Amenhotep III s government? D. scribe and overseer of construction works