Unit 1. School Days. First Nine Weeks

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1 Study Buddy

2 Unit 1 School Days First Nine Weeks Teacher- A person who helps us learn. Map- A drawing that shows where places are. Group- A number of people doing an activity together. Rule- What you must or must not do. School- A place for learning. 1. Children learn any new things in the classroom. 2. School workers and children have important jobs at school. 3. Working together and following rules helps get jobs done. 4. Schools today are different from schools long ago. 5. The map key tells what the symbols on a map stand for. Map Skill: Parts of a map and Map Key Symbols

3 Unit 3 Living in a Community First Nine Weeks City- A large community where people live, work and play. Neighborhood- A small part of a community. Services- Things people do to help others. Leader- A person who helps a group plan what to do. Goods- Things that people grow or make. 1. Different people and groups live in a community. 2. Community leaders help people get along. 3. Communities sometimes change. 4. People work to earn money to buy goods and services. 5. People and goods move in many different ways. 6. The four directions on a map are North, South, East and West. Map Skill: Cardinal directions (North, South, East & West) and using a map to find 3 countries in the United States and Oceans

4

5 Unit 2 At Home with my Family Second Nine Weeks Family- A group of people who care for another Change- Something that happens to make things different Money- Coins or bills that people trade for things they want. Choice- What people pick instead of something else. Holiday- A time to celebrate. 1. A need is something a family must have to live. 2. Families depend on members to meet needs for food, clothing, and shelter. 3. Families grow and change. They can be alike and different in many ways. 4. There are various types of homes. All homes provide shelter. 5. An address has a house number and street name. 6. When a family faces something new or different, they experience change. Changes can cause many different feelings. 7. A time line shows when things happen. Events are arranged along a straight line, in order, according to time. 8. Families trade money for things they want including rent, utilities, food and clothing. 9. Families have unlimited wants but limited resources to satisfy their wants. 10. Families make choices about how to spend their money wisely. 11. Wants are things that people would like to have. 12. Families from long ago were very different from families today; some things remain the same. 13. The first Americans and the Pilgrims shared the first Thanksgiving holiday. Map Skills: Locating places using cardinal directions, finding/writing an address on a map

6 Unit 4 In and Around the Land Third Nine Weeks Resource- Something people use that comes from the Earth. Farm- A place where people raise food and other resources. Factory- A Place where things are made. Recycle- To make something old into something new. 1. A hill, mountain and plain are types of landforms. 2. A river, lake and ocean are bodies of water. 3. A map uses pictures and colors to show land and water. 4. Trees, soil, oil, gas and water are resources. 5. One way to change land is by building a dam. 6. Dams are used to prevent floods and make electricity. 7. Dairy farmers milk their cows then ship the milk to factories where it is then made into cheese and other goods. 8. A pictograph uses pictures to show how many there are of something. 9. People need to work together to find ways to reduce the amount of resources used. Recycling and reusing saves resources too. Map Skill: types of land/water

7 Unit 5 My Country, My Heroes Third Nine Weeks Flag- A symbol that stands for a country. Country- A land and the people who live in the land History- The story of what happened in the past. State- A part of a country. President- The leader of the United States of America. Law- A rule that everyone must follow. 1. Our country is the United States of America. Our country has 50 states. 2. Mexico is our neighbor to the south and Canada is our neighbor to the north. 3. The Atlantic Ocean is east of our country and the Pacific Ocean is to our west. 4. Christopher Columbus was a famous explorer. 5. The Native Americans lived on this land before Columbus arrived. 6. A calendar is a chart that shows months, days of the week and dates. 7. The four seasons are winter, spring, summer and fall. 8. The Fourth of July is a special holiday. It is called Independence Day. We call it our country s birthday because it is the day we became free from England. 9. Long ago, America belonged to a country called England. Americans fought a war to be free. George Washington was our country s first president. 10. A vote is a choice that gets counted. The person with the most votes wins. 11. The United States is a beautiful country with spectacular natural wonders. 12. We honor our country in many ways. 13. A diagram is a picture that shows the parts that make up something. Map Skills:

8 Unit 6 My World Near and Far Fourth Nine Weeks World- A name for the Earth and everything on it. Globe- A model of the Earth. Continent- A large body of land on the Earth Language- The words people use to communicate. 1. People live in many different places throughout the world. All people have the same basic needs. 2. A globe shows land, water and all of the places on Earth, like a map. 3. The northernmost and southernmost parts of the Earth are the North Pole and the South Pole, respectively. 4. Language is used when people speak, write, and read. Some people use sign language. 5. Fables and other stories teach lessons. 6. We can learn new things when we explore our world and are open to change. 7. Americans buy from and sell goods to people in other countries. 8. A bar graph helps you to see how much or how many. 9. People communicate to share ideas and information. Technology helps us find new ways to communicate. 10. Cooperation between countries can help solve global problems such as saving animals that are endangered and helping people who have suffered from natural disasters. Map Skill: Parts of the United States (countries/rivers); continents

9 Continent Study Guide Fourth Nine Weeks Students should be able to label these on a map. 4 oceans: Pacific Ocean 7 continents: Asia Atlantic Ocean Africa Indian Ocean North America Arctic Ocean South America Antarctica Europe Australia Facts: Asia Asia is the largest continent. It has the highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayan s. It is so cold that the snow never melts. Russia (used to be the Soviet Union) is the largest country. China has the most people living in it. Some animals that live in Asia are the Giant Panda, Bengal Tiger, Sumatran Tiger and the Asian Elephant. Africa Africa is the second largest continent. The Northern part of Africa has the largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert. The longest river in the world, the Nile River, flows through this desert. Some animals that live in Africa are Camels, Lions, Zebras, Giraffes and the African Elephant. North America North America is third largest continent. Canada is the largest country in North America which includes animals like polar bears, seals, moose, and whales. Canada is mostly cold, since it is close to the top of the world. The United States contains a large river, Mississippi River, which divides the east from the west. U.S. includes some animals like deer, turkeys, and wolves. The U.S. has cold parts and hot parts. Mexico is south of the U.S. It has many jungles and volcanoes. Some animals from Mexico are jaguars, puma, and the ocelot. The weather in Mexico is hot and dry in parts and wet in other parts. South America South America is the fourth largest continent. It has the longest mountain chain (the Andes Mountains) and the largest tropical rain forest. It also has the second longest river (the Amazon) next to the Nile. It carries the most water of any river in the world. Animals include: alligators, capybaras, anaconda, llamas, tapir, parrots and piranhas. Antarctica Antarctica is the fifth largest continent and the most southern continent located at the South Pole. It is covered with ice 1-2 miles thick. The Ross Ice Shelf is the largest ice shelf in Antarctica. It is the size of Spain. It is 50 meters high above the water, but ninety percent of it is under the water. It is so cold in the winter that only scientists and exploration groups live there. The summers are like our winters here. Many of the animals live along the edge of the ice by the sea like penguins, seals and whales. The Transantarctic Mountains are located between the Ross Sea and the Weddell Sea.

10 Europe Europe is the second smallest continent in the world. It is divided from Asia by the Ural Mountains. The Mediterranean Sea is south of Europe. There are many mountain chains here. One is called the Alps. The weather is cold in the winter and hot in the summer. The Rhine River is the longest river in Germany. There are several other countries in Europe also. England, Spain, and France are only a few. There aren t many large animals in Europe because there are so many people. The only animal that runs free is the reindeer and it can be found in Northern Europe. Australia Australia is the smallest continent in the world. Most of Australia is desert so there are not many people that live there. Some animals that live here are the koala, kangaroo (only in the zoo), platypus, dingo, wallaby and the Tasmanian Devil. Mt. Kosciusko is the highest mountain range in Australia. The Great Victorian Desert is located near South Whales. The Darling River is the longest river in Australia.

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