2013 OUTDOOR RECREATION PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SURVEY -SUMMARY REPORT-

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1 2013 OUTDOOR RECREATION PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SURVEY -SUMMARY REPORT- SEPTEMBER 16, 2013 Research, Policy and Planning Unit

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3 OVERVIEW This report provides a summary overview and analysis of the 2013 Participation in Outdoor Recreation in Colorado Public Survey (Public Survey) responses received by Colorado Parks and Wildlife (CPW) for the Colorado Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP). The SCORP update is required every five years for Colorado to maintain eligibility for federal Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) allocations. A central goal of the SCORP is to identify outdoor recreation trends, needs, and issues that will help direct each state s use of its LWCF apportionment, which is allocated annually by Congress. This survey plays an important role in achieving this goal. Results from the Public Survey shed light on some of the public s outdoor recreation habits and desires for future outdoor recreation investments in Colorado. The Public Survey also highlights the importance of outdoor recreation to Coloradans, where and how often we participate in outdoor recreational activities, preferences for services and types of outdoor recreation facilities as well as preferences for future investments and priorities for development. Identifying the assortment of needs for a range of Coloradans was important. Survey results will help local, al, and statewide outdoor recreation managers better understand and plan for the type of opportunities Coloradans desire and how residents wish to see available funding be used. METHODS A letter notifying respondents to complete a self-administered, 10-page survey was mailed to a randomly selected sample of 7,000 Colorado residents; 1,000 to each of the s identified in the map below (Figure 1). The state was divided up into seven outdoor recreation planning s that aligned with s previously established by the Colorado State Tourism Office. Figure 1: Colorado Tourism Office and SCORP Regions 1

4 Surveyed residents were contacted by direct mail and asked to either respond online, via a Survey Monkey link, or through a paper survey that was mailed with a postage-paid envelope for returning the survey. A copy of the 10-page survey instrument and summary survey results are included in Appendix A. The initial letter inviting residents to respond online or to let us know that they do not wish to participate was sent on March 13, A telephone number was provided and checked frequently by staff. Residents that did not respond in either form were mailed a paper survey on April 12, On May 10, 2013 a reminder postcard was sent to non-respondents. Key Points Walking, hiking/backpacking, and picnicking make up the three most popular outdoor recreation activities, as calculated by total statewide activity days, in each one of the s. Fishing ranks fourth. Tent camping was the most popular overnight accommodation. Most (75) of the outdoor recreation in the state takes place in the North Central, Metro and in the Northwest Regions of the state. Residents from the Southwest Region are the least likely to travel to other s for recreation. Fifty percent of residents want to see basic services, such as toilets, shelters, running water and picnic areas in outdoor recreational areas; 18 percent of residents preferred no services. The main factor in selecting an outdoor recreation area was cleanliness and condition of park facilities, followed by time and distance required to get to a particular location, then the price of entrance, parking and other user fees. Forty percent of residents stated that local, state, and federal agencies that manage recreational areas are underfunded. More than one-third of respondents said they were unsure about outdoor recreation management funding. Outdoor recreation providers should prioritize the operation and maintenance of existing infrastructure and facilities as well, as long-term planning and management of parks and open space, over acquisition and development of new facilities and programs. 2

5 RESULTS A total of 1,405 responses were collected; 472 responses were collected online and 933 paper surveys were returned to CPW and manually entered between March 21, 2013 and June 13th, A total of 952 surveys were not completed and returned to CPW through a bad address, unwillingness or age/health limitations. Once all of the surveys had been collected, data were weighted to ensure that it reflected the racial and gender makeup of the state and the al distribution of population. Specifically, the data were weighted based on gender, ethnicity, age and. The Public Survey had an adjusted response rate of 23 based on an adjusted sample size of 6,048 (Table 1). There was a fairly similar response rate per, however 30 of surveys were returned from the Southwest Region, with Southeast Region returning 19 of all surveys. Table 1. Response Rate Response Rate per Region 1383 Total Responses Adjusted Response Rate** Northwest Region North Central Region Metro Region Northeast Region Southeast Region South Central Region Southwest Region Total 1, *Based on 1000 surveys per **Based on excluded surveys from each In some instances, results were compared to a previous statewide outdoor recreation public survey to contrast results over time. A similar study was completed in July 2007 for the 2008 SCORP by the Leeds School of Business at the University of Colorado Boulder. However, the 2007 survey was administered via telephone and participants were chosen from a statewide random sample instead of being evenly sampled from the seven different s. For these reasons, only limited number of comparisons between surveys are referenced in this report. About two-thirds of the survey respondents were male with the average (mean) age being 57 years old. The youngest participant was 20 years old and the oldest was 97 years old. Sixty percent of the respondents were 55 years of age or older. According to 2010 U.S. Census data, Colorado s median age is 36.1 and men and women spilt the population almost equally. Thirty percent of the respondents had a household income of less than $40,000, and 23 above $100,000. About 20 of particpants reported earning between $20,000-$39,999. Another 20 reported an average household income between $40,000-$59,999. Colorado s state average is $57,685. There was a 10 increase in the number of households with less than $40,000 annual income. 3

6 The vast majority (89) of survey respondents characterized themselves as white, non-hispanic/latino. Six percent were Hispanic/Latino. Less than 1 were African American or Asian. The white, nonhispanic population makes up about 80 of Coloradans, hispanics are 21 of the current population (2010 Census). Survey results were weighted to account for some of these discrepancies better reflect the true population of Colorado. Below are the orginal and adjusted percentages. Response Summary Annual Household Income 1188 total responses n Less than $20,000 per year $20,000 to $39,999 per year $40,000 to $59,999 per year $60,000 to $79,999 per year $80,000 to $99,999 per year $100,000 to $149,000 per year Over $150,000 per year Age 1301 total responses n Weighted Gender 1315 total responses n Weighted Female Male Racial or Ethnic Background 1290 total responses n Weighted White, non-hispanic/latino Hispanic/Latino Black or African American American Indian or Native Alaskan Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander Asian Other (please specify)

7 Importance of Outdoor Recreation Did you participate in any outdoor recreation activities in Colorado? (Question 1) Figure 2. Colorado Outdoor Recreation Participation 1234 total responses <1 10 Yes No 90 I am not sure. Participants were asked about how often they recreated outdoors, as well as how far and where they were likely to stay when traveling for outdoor recreation. Respondents were also asked to consider their involvement over the past year in any form of outdoor activity pursued during leisure time that provides personal enjoyment and satisfaction. Overwhelmingly, 90 of Coloradans participated in outdoor recreation activities in Colorado over the past year (Figure 2). About 66 of all Colorado residents recreated outdoors at least one day a week, on average. Residents normally travel 0-4 miles on weekdays (44) and miles of weekends (26), but often up to 100 miles or more, for outdoor recreation (Figures 5 & 6). These results are similar to 2007 Public Survey, however, there appeared to be a greater willingness to travel longer for weekday trips, with 36 traveling more than 20 miles (which is 12 more than in ). Hispanics traveled farther for recreation; with twice the number of Hispanic residents traveling miles both on weekdays and weekends than non-hispanic residents. Of all trips taken, 80 were day trips (Figure 7). Of the overnight accommodation options, tent camping was most preferred (46), followed by hotel/motel stays (32) then RV camping (18) (Figure 8) Colorado Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan. Statewide Public Telephone Survey. Conducted by University of Colorado Leeds School of Business. 5

8 On average, how often did you recreate outdoors? (Question 2) Figure 3. Average Participation in Outdoor Recreation 1206 total responses Never 24 Less than once per week Once per week 2-4 times per week 30 More than 4 times per week 25 I am not sure. On average, how often did you use the parks, open space, or trails in your local community? (Question 3) Figure 4. Average Use of Community Parks, Open Space or Trails 1204 total responses Never Less than once per week Once per week 2-4 times per week More than 4 times per week 28 I am not sure. 6

9 How far did you travel, on average, to participate in outdoor recreation activities during the week (Monday through Thursday)? (Question 4) Figure 5. Distance Traveled for Outdoor Recreation Activities During the Week (Mon-Thurs) 1068 total responses 100 miles or more miles miles miles 5-9 miles 0-4 miles I am not sure How far did you travel, on average, to participate in outdoor recreation activities on the weekend (Friday through Sunday)? (Question 5) Figure 6. Distance Traveled for Outdoor Recreation Activities During the Weekend (Fri-Sun) 1067 total responses 100 miles or more miles miles miles 5-9 miles 0-4 miles I am not sure

10 What proportion of your trips to participate in outdoor recreation were overnight versus day-trips? (Question 6) Figure 7. Outdoor Recreational Trips: Over Night vs Day Trips 1063 total responses 20 Overnight trips Day trips 80 When spending the night away from home to participate in outdoor recreation, what overnight accommodations did you use? (Question 7) Figue 8: Outdoor Recreation Trips: Over Night Accomodations 1062 total responses I did not stay overnight. Friend or relative s home Tent camping RV camping Hotel/motel Cabin/yurt Bed and breakfast Luxury accommodations I am not sure. Other* * "Other" responses included sleeping on a boat or in a vehicle as well as second homes, and vacation home rental. 8

11 Participation in Outdoor Recreation Surveyed residents were asked to specify the approximate number of days in the past year that they participated in various activities in the seven different s. Participants were asked to not only identify which activities they completed in their home but all of their activity days across the state. Activity categories were Trail/Road, Water-Based, Winter, Wildlife-Related, and Other Outdoor Recreational Activities. An activity day is defined by one day of participation in an outdoor recreational sport or leisure activity. Survey respondents could report multiple activity days in multiple s. For example, one respondent could say they mountain biked for 20 days in the Northwest Region and 10 days in the North Central Region, for a total of 30 activity days. Table 2 depicts the 10 most popular activities by the percent of the Colorado population participating in those activities and how those activities ranked by number of activity days. A complete table is found in Appendix B. Table 2. Top 10 Outdoor Activities by of Population. Top 10 Outdoor Activities by of Population Activity Population Rank # Activity Rank by Walking ,861,714 1 Hiking/Backpacking ,600,791 2 Picnicking ,312,343 8 Fishing ,411,408 6 Tent camping ,158, Skiing or snowboarding at a ski area ,546, Jogging/Running (outdoors) ,888,810 3 Swimming (outdoors) ,662,875 7 Road biking ,772,438 4 Playground activities ,516,371 5 Walking and hiking/backpacking comprise the top two most popular outdoor activities by percent of the population participating and total number of activity days. Picnicking and fishing came in third and fourth and had 17.3 and 26.4 million activity days, respectively. Tent camping and skiing or snowboarding at a resort are popular activities for Coloradans but are participated in less frequently. The North Central Region is by far the most popular for outdoor recreation, seeing almost 140 million days of activity. This is home to Rocky Mountain National Park, as well as abundant outdoor opportunities in Boulder and Larimer Counties. The Northwest and Metro s are also popular destinations. In the Northwest, skiing/snowboarding at resorts was the most popular activity behind walking and hiking. A breakdown of some of the other key results are below. Swimming outdoors and fishing are most popular in the North Central Region. Over 5 million days are spent swimming in the Metro Region, likely due to the number of reservoirs close to population centers. Fishing is also extremely popular in the South Central and Northwest Regions. In the Northwest, skiing/snowboarding makes up 10 million activity days by Coloradans alone, which can be expected as it is home to most of the resort towns along the I-70 corridor. 9

12 The majority of big game hunting activity takes place on the western slope and the South Central Region. A similar trend is seen with wildlife viewing; however the North Central Region has the most number of activity days. The Northeast Region is the primary location for upland bird and small game hunting. Golf, picnicking, and playground activities are participated in the most in the Northwest and central s, which tend to include some of Colorado s more populous areas. The following graphic depicts al travel patterns of Colorado residents when participating in outdoor recreation; the larger the arrow the greater the number of residents traveling. The percentage of total statewide activity days that occurs in each particular is the blue number in the top of the circle. The green number in the bottom of the circle is the percentage of total al activity days that occurs in that same ; the lower the percent the more residents that are traveling outside of their home to participate in outdoor recreation. Most residents spent the majority of their outdoor recreation activity days within their own. The Denver Metro Area has the most activity days outside of its (41). Southwest Region residents rarely (19 of the time), travel outside of the for outdoor recreation. The most popular areas of the state for outdoor recreation are the northwest and central areas. The South Central Region is a very popular destination for Southeast Region residents (i.e., Pueblo residents). Denver Metro residents frequent recreation areas in the North Central Region. Most residents traveling to the Southeast Region for recreation were from the South Central Region. The largest percentage of movement (20) is from the Northeast Region to the Metro Region. After walking, the greatest number 10

13 of residents that travel to the Southeast Region are participating in upland bird hunting, small game hunting, and wildlife viewing (including birding). As noted above, this is a survey of Colorado residents. These travel estimates do not reflect all of activity days in Colorado, as tourism from out-of-state visitors makes up the second largest industry in Colorado. For each of the following activities, please enter the approximate number of days in the past year that you participated in each. (Question 8) Note: Some activities may not show up on these graphs at this scale. Percent participation for each activity in each is provided in Appendix A. Total activity days statewide for each activity are shown in Appendix B. 40 M 35 M 30 M 25 M 20 M 15 M 10 M 5 M M Figure 9. Total Trail Activity Northwest North Central Metro Northeast Southeast South Central Southwest 11

14 9 M 8 M 7 M 6 M 5 M 4 M 3 M 2 M 1 M M Figure 10. Total Water Activity Northwest North Central Metro Northeast Southeast South Central Southwest 12 M 10 M 8 M 6 M 4 M 2 M M Figure 11. Total Winter Activity Northwest North Central Metro Northeast Southeast South Central Southwest 12

15 Figure 12. Total Wildlife Related Activity 5 M 4 M 3 M 2 M 1 M M Big game hunting Upland bird and small game hunting Waterfowl hunting Wildlife viewing (including birding) Northwest North Central Metro Northeast Southeast South Central Southwest 14 M Figure 13. Total Other Outdoor Recreation Activity 12 M 10 M 8 M 6 M 4 M 2 M M Northwest North Central Metro Northeast Southeast South Central Southwest 13

16 Outdoor Recreation Preferences and Priorities The Public Survey asked a number of questions designed to help gauge preferences of Colorado residents in terms of types of outdoor recreation services, facilities, and management priorities. In terms of services, 50 of residents indicated that they preferred basic services, such as toilets, shelters, running water and picnic areas in outdoor recreational areas as opposed to more developed types of areas and areas that do not offer any services (Figure 14). What types of services would you like to see where you recreate most often in Colorado? (Question 9) Figure 14. Perferred Services at Recreation Areas 1058 average responses Full services, such as guided tours, visitor center, snack bar, food and drink concessions Moderate services, such as washrooms, self-guided trails and other basic services Basic services, such as toilets, shelters, running water, and picnic areas No services The main factor in selecting an outdoor recreation area was cleanliness and condition of park facilities ; with 88 rating this category either very or somewhat important (Figure 15). Time and distance required to get to a particular location ranked second with 86 indicating this was very or somewhat important and the price of entrance, parking and other user fees ranked third in with 83 indicating these factors as very or somewhat important). When you are deciding where to recreate outdoors in Colorado, how much of a role do each of the following items play in your decision? (Question 10) Figure 15: Factors that Influence Where Coloradans Recreate 1049 average response The number of other users you are likely to see The types of other users are likely to see The time and distance required to get there Your ability to bring your dog The price of entrance, parking or other user fees Cleanliness and condition of park facilities Accessible information and adequate signage Educational activities I am not sure. Not at all important Somewhat important Very important 14

17 Wilderness areas or open lands with little to no development and opportunity for solitude were ranked very to extremely important by 70 of Coloradans, higher than any other category of outdoor recreation area (Figure 16). Forests with dispersed camping and fishing opportunities were more important (64) to respondents than sites with extensive camping and trails (33) or developed playground parks and recreational ball fields (40). To determine how Coloradans would prioritize expenditures on outdoor recreation areas throughout the state as well as where they live, respondents were asked about their preferences for future investments in various types of recreation areas. Questions were also asked about levels of funding and the prioritization of planning and management activities of outdoor recreation services and development. Similar to the importance of types of recreational areas, wilderness/open lands were given the highest priority when asked after future investments (Figure 17). Seventy-two percent of residents gave wilderness an essential or high priority ranking. Community trails and Greenways (61) and dispersed camping areas in forests (62) were prioritized over large, developed parks (33) and playground parks (39). However, the Hispanic population had a stronger preference for these types of parks, 39 had a high preference for developed parks and 50 for playground parks. Cohorts between the ages also have a greater preference for parks with playgrounds and fields (47). When playground areas are desired, natural materials were preferred (44) over manufactured materials like swings and slides (24). How important to you are the following types of recreation areas in Colorado? (Question 11) Figure 16. Importance of Types of Recreation Areas in Colorado 1215average responses Developed parks with playgrounds, ball or soccer fields and recreation center Large parks with developed camping, extensive trails, and boating/fishing with staff Forests and/or lakes with established trails, dispersed camping, boating/fishing opportunities Community trails and greenways Wilderness areas or open lands with little to no development and opportunity for solitude I am not sure. Not at all important Slightly important Moderately important Very important Extremely important 15

18 How much of a priority do you feel each of the following types of recreation areas should be for future investment in Colorado? (Question 12) Figure 17. Priority for Future Investment in Recreation Areas in Colorado 1216 average response Developed parks with playgrounds, ball or soccer fields and recreation center Large parks with developed camping extensive trails, and boating/fishing with staff Forests and/or lakes with established trails, dispersed camping, boating/fishing opportunities Community trails and greenways Wilderness areas or open lands with little to no development and opportunity for solitude. Dirt trails and nature/wildlife viewing areas should be the focus of investment; almost 50 of respondents ranked these types of recreation areas as an essential or high priority (Figure 18). Preference for picnic areas and paved walking trails increased with age. Off highway trails and wildlife viewing areas were slightly more popular among people 50-64, as well as among Hispanics (Table 3). Table 3: Priority for Future Investments Among Defined Demographics I am not sure. Not at all a priority Low priority Moderate priority High priority Essential priority Percent Ranked Essential or High Priority OHV Trail Wildlife Viewing Non-Hispanic Hispanic

19 How much of a priority do you feel each of the following types of recreation areas should be for future investment where you live? (Question 13) Playgrounds and play areas made of natural materials Playgrounds built with manufactured materials Picnic areas and shelters for small groups Picnic areas and shelters for large groups Paved /hard surface walking trails and paths Dirt/ soft surface walking trails and paths Off-highway vehicle trails/areas Figure 18. Priority for Future Investment in Your Local Community 1214 average response Nature and wildlife viewing areas Multi-use ball fields Off-leash dog areas I am not sure. Not at all a priority Low priority Moderate priority High priority Essential priority Given that participation in outdoor recreation is likely to increase with current residents (60 increase greatly or somewhat), attitudes toward funding and priorities need to be managed (Figure 19). Coloradans believe that outdoor recreation providers should place a high priority on the operation and maintenance of existing infrastructure and facilities as well as long-term planning and management of parks and open space (Figure 20). Twenty percent of residents thought local, al and statewide trails are an essential priority. Development of new facilities and providing educational programs and visitors services was the lowest priority. 17

20 How do you think your participation in outdoor recreation will change over the next 5 years? (Question 14) Figure 19. Likely Change in Participation Over the Next 5 years 1227 total responses Increase greatly Increase somewhat 30 Stay the same Decrease somewhat 44 Decrease greatly I am not sure. Outdoor recreation providers often need to prioritize their efforts. How do you think that recreation providers should prioritize the following activities on public recreation lands in Colorado? (Question 16) Figure 20. Priority of Planning and Management Activities on Public Recreation Lands 1216 average response Providing educational programs and visitor services Operation and maintenance of existing infrastructure and facilities Acquisition of new parks and open space Development of new facilities at existing recreation sites Local, al, and statewide trails Long-term planning and management I am not sure. Not at all a priority Low priority Moderate priority High priority Essential priority 18

21 Compared to a similar question in the 2007 survey, the percentage of residents that thought the management of recreation areas is over funded increased slightly to 2 (Figure 21). The perception of adequately or under-funded management decreased to 21 and 40, respectively. Of significant interest is that over one-third of Coloradans are unsure about outdoor recreation management funding, indicating a potential need for additional supporting information before a respondent may feel comfortable making a decision on the adequacy of funding for outdoor recreation providers. Do you feel that local, state and federal agencies that manage recreational areas in Colorado are funded adequately? (Question 15) Figure 21. Perception of Funding for Outdoor Recreation 1226 total responses The management of recreation lands is over-funded. The management of recreation lands is adequately funded. The management of recreation lands is under-funded. I am not sure. 19

22 Open Ended Comments At the end of the survey, respondents were invited to leave additional open-ended comments about outdoor recreation in Colorado. Comments were left by 475 respondents. A total of 546 substantive comments were coded and analyzed by CPW staff. Agency Wide Comment Responses Code Category and Subcategory Description n 100 CPW Fees Related to Outdoor Recreation Facilities Wildlife Management 13 State Wide Comment Responses Code Category and Subcategory Description n 200 Trail Based Recreation Water Based Recreation Winter Based Recreation Wildlife Based Recreation Other State Wide Recreation Budget and Fees Related to Outdoor Recreation Other Related to a Specific Non-CPW Location Development/Acquisition/Planning Accessibility Pets in Recreation Areas 9 Total 546 * n numbers that are italicized are a portion of the total in that category. One fourth of the comments left were specifically about Colorado Parks and Wildlife. These comments were further broken down into three sub-categories. There were a substantial number of concerns about increased costs of parks passes and hunting and fishing licenses (23 of all CPW comments). Ten percent of the comments directly mentioned wildlife management concerns such as fishing limits and management of big game herds. The remainder of the CPW comments mentioned issues and suggestions for Colorado s state parks and wildlife management areas. After CPW comments were coded, an attempt was made to organize the rest of the comments based on broad statewide outdoor recreation topics. A number of the comments associated with categories that were already established in the survey; trail, water, winter, and wildlife-based recreation. The majority, 14, of recreation-based comments were about trail activities. About 5 of the total comments were centered on budgets and fees associated to outdoor recreation. Additional comments were grouped into an Other category, which was further broken into comments related to specific non-cpw agencies or locations; development, acquisition, and planning; accessibility; and pets in recreation areas. There were a number of other comments that specified broad support for parks, open space, and outdoor recreation in Colorado, in general. A portion, 10, of the other comments related to a management or operational concern in a specific local or al park or with a federal agency. Comments related to development, acquisition or planning made up about 15 of the other comments. These comments were often contrary as some residents want to see more areas 20

23 developed for recreation and other want to preserve as much wilderness as possible. Five percent of the comments were about concerns of accessibility as it relates to a specific user group such as elderly, low income or based on geographic location. Pet access in parks, specifically dogs, and user conflicts related to pets was a small sample of the comments. 21

24 Appendix A: Public Survey Instrument COLORADO PARKS & WILDLIFE 6060 Broadway Denver, Colorado Phone (303) FAX (303) wildlife.state.co.us parks.state.co.us Your Participation in Outdoor Recreation in Colorado THANK YOU FOR YOUR COOPERATION! All of your responses will be kept confidential. Please return this survey in the postage-paid return envelope provided. STATE OF COLORADO John W. Hickenlooper, Governor Mike King, Executive Director, Department of Natural Resources Rick D. Cables, Director, Colorado Parks and Wildlife Parks and Wildlife Commission: Robert Bray Chris Castilian Jeanne Horn Bill Kane, Vice-Chair Gaspar Perricone Jim Pribyl John Singletary, Chair Mark Smith, Secretary James Vigil Dean Wingfield Michelle Zimmerman Ex Officio Members: Mike King and John Salazar 22

25 Your Participation in Outdoor Recreation in Colorado Colorado Parks and Wildlife (CPW) is conducting this survey as part of its efforts to update Colorado s Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP). The SCORP is designed to establish statewide and al outdoor recreation priorities based on outdoor recreation participation and helps guide local, state, and federal funding for recreation projects. This survey is your chance to tell CPW how you recreate outdoors in Colorado. Your views are important and give us a better understanding of how Coloradans feel about these issues. Please keep in mind that we are interested in everyone s responses, not just frequent participants or those from a certain area of the state. You are part of a random sample of Colorado residents we have selected to provide opinions about outdoor recreation. Your input is crucial for this evaluation. Even if you do not recreate outdoors regularly, we still need to hear from you. Please complete this survey as soon as possible. When you are finished, please return it in the postage-paid envelope provided, no later than April 30, The survey should take about 10 minutes to complete. The final question provides you with an opportunity to share with us any additional comments you may have about recreating in Colorado. If you would rather complete this survey online, please type the entire web address below directly into your browser s address bar. Do not use Google or a similar search engine to attempt to access the survey. Your responses will remain confidential and at no time will your name be associated with any of your responses. If you have any questions or comments about this study, please contact Stacy Lischka at or (303) THANK YOU FOR YOUR ASSISTANCE! If you choose not to complete the questionnaire, please make a note in question 21 and return the survey in the postage-paid envelope included. 23

26 Your Outdoor Activities in Colorado. Colorado Parks and Wildlife (CPW) is interested in learning how important outdoor recreation is to Coloradans. For the purposes of this survey, please consider outdoor recreation to mean any form of outdoor activity pursued during your leisure time that provides personal enjoyment and satisfaction, including activities like camping, hunting, fishing, hiking, biking, jogging, picnicking, riding ATVs and playing outdoor sports. 1. During the past year, did you participate in any outdoor recreation activities in Colorado? For example, have you used trails, parks, or open space in Colorado to hike, bike, or participate in some other type of outdoor recreation activity? (Please check one.)(if No, Skip to question 11) n Yes No I am not sure During the past year, on average, how often did you recreate outdoors? (Please check one.) n Never Less than once per week Once per week times per week More than 4 times per week I am not sure During the past year, on average how often did you use the parks, open space, or trails in your local community? (Please check one.) n Never Less than once per week Once per week times per week More than 4 times per week I am not sure During the past year, how far did you travel, on average, to participate in outdoor recreation activities during the week (Monday through Thursday)? (Please check one.) n 0-4 miles miles miles miles miles miles or more I am not sure

27 5. During the past year, how far did you travel, on average, to participate in outdoor recreation activities on the weekend (Friday through Sunday)? (Please check one.) n 0-4 miles miles miles miles miles miles or more I am not sure During the past year, what proportion of your trips to participate in outdoor recreation were over night versus day-trips? (Please indicate below.) n= 1063 Overnight trips 19.6 Day trips During the past year, when spending the night away from home to participate in outdoor recreation, what accommodations did you use? (Please check all that apply.) n I did not stay overnight Friend or relative s home Tent camping RV camping Hotel/motel Cabin/yurt Bed and breakfast Luxury accommodations I am not sure Other

28 We are interested in where and how often Coloradans participate in outdoor recreational activities. The map below shows how the state of Colorado is divided into s for purposes of recreation planning. Please refer to the numbered s when answering the following series of questions about where and how often you participate in outdoor activities. 8. For each of the following activities, please enter the approximate number of days in the past year that you participated in each. Even if you are not sure of the number of days, or the exact location, please enter your best guess. If you did not participate in an activity, please leave that item blank. Percent of CO Population that Participated Trail/Road Activities Walking Jogging/Running (outdoors) Hiking/Backpacking Horseback riding Road biking Mountain biking Off-road motorcycling

29 ATV riding or 4-wheel driving Percent of CO Population that Participated Water-based Activities Swimming (outdoors) Fishing Power boating Water skiing Jet skiing Sailing Canoeing Kayaking Whitewater rafting Stand up paddleboarding Percent of CO Population that Participated Winter Activities Skiing or snowboarding at a ski area Backcountry skiing Sledding/tubing Ice skating (outdoors) Snowmobiling Snowshoeing or cross country skiing Ice fishing

30 Wildlife-related Activities 1 Percent of CO Population that Participated Big game hunting Upland bird and small game hunting Waterfowl hunting Wildlife viewing (including birding) Other Outdoor Activities 1 Percent of CO Population that Participated Developed/RV camping Tent camping Picnicking Target or skeet shooting Rock climbing Team or individual sports (outdoors) Playground activities Golf Geocaching Other 43 Responses 28

31 Your Preferences for Outdoor Facilities in Colorado. Please help us learn about what services and types of outdoor recreation opportunities you would like to see available in the future in Colorado. We will use this information to plan opportunities which meet the desires of a range of Coloradans. 9. What types of services would you like to see where you recreate most often in Colorado? (Please check one.) n No services Basic services, such as toilets, shelters, running water, and picnic areas Moderate services, such as washrooms, selfguided trails, and the items listed under basic services Full services, such as guided tours, visitor center, snack bar, food and drink concessions When you are deciding where to recreate outdoors in Colorado, how much of a role do each of the following items play in your decision? (Please check one for each item.) n Very important Somewhat important Not at all important I am not sure. The number of other users you are likely to see The types of other users are likely to see The time and distance required to get there Your ability to bring your dog The price of entrance, parking or other user fees Cleanliness and condition of park facilities Accessible information and adequate signage Educational activities How important to you are the following types of recreation areas in Colorado? We are interested in how important these areas may be to you, regardless of whether you may frequent them. (Please check one for each item.) n Extremely important Very important Moderately important Slightly important Not at all important I am not sure. Developed parks with playgrounds, ball or soccer fields and recreation center Large parks with developed camping, extensive trails, and boating and fishing with staff

32 Forests and/or lakes with established trails, dispersed camping, boating, and fishing opportunities Community trails and greenways Wilderness areas or open lands with little to no development and opportunity for solitude How much of a priority do you feel each of the following types of recreation areas should be for future investment in Colorado? (Please check one for each item.) n Extremely important Very important Moderately important Slightly important Not at all important I am not sure. Developed parks with playgrounds, ball or soccer fields and recreation center Large parks with developed camping extensive trails, and boating and fishing with staff Forests and/or lakes with established trails, dispersed camping, boating, and fishing opportunities Community trails and greenways Wilderness areas or open lands with little to no development and opportunity for solitude How much of a priority do you feel each of the following types of recreation areas should be for future investment where you live? (Please check one for each item.) Essent n ial priorit y High priori ty Moder ate priority Low priori ty Not a priori ty I am not sure. Playgrounds and play areas made of natural materials like logs, water, sand and trees Playgrounds and play areas built with manufactured materials 2.2 Picnic areas and shelters for small groups Picnic areas and shelters for large groups Paved /hard surface walking trails and paths Dirt/ soft surface walking trails and paths Off-highway vehicle trails/areas 3.0 Nature and wildlife viewing areas

33 Multi-use fields for soccer, football, baseball, etc. Off-leash dog areas Other (Please indicate. ) Responses How do you think your participation in outdoor recreation will change over the next 5 years? (Please circle one.) Increase greatly Increase somewhat Stay the same Decrease somewhat Decrease greatly I am not sure n Do you feel that local, state and federal agencies that manage recreational areas in Colorado are funded adequately? (Please check one.) n The management of recreation lands is over-funded The management of recreation lands is adequately funded The management of recreation lands is under-funded I am not sure Outdoor recreation providers often need to prioritize their efforts. How do you think that recreation providers should prioritize the following activities on public recreation lands in Colorado? (Please check one for each item.) n Essential priority High priority Moderate priority Low priority Not a priority I am not sure. Providing educational programs and visitor services Operation and maintenance of existing infrastructure and facilities Acquisition of new parks and open space Development of new facilities at existing recreation sites Local, al, and statewide trails Long-term planning and management

34 Background Information. The following questions will help us understand more about the people who recreate outdoors in Colorado. All responses are confidential. 17. Are you [ ]1 male or [ ]2 female? (Please check one.) n Female Male In what year were you born? (Please indicate.) 19 n= 1301, Mean= 1956 (56.8), Median=1955 (58), Mode=1951 (62), Range How would you describe your racial or ethnic background? (Please check one.) n White, non-hispanic/latino Hispanic/Latino Black or African American American Indian or Native Alaskan Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander Asian Other (please specify) What is your approximate annual household income? (Please check one.) n Less than $20,000 per year $20,000 to $39,999 per year $40,000 to $59,999 per year $60,000 to $79,999 per year $80,000 to $99,999 per year $100,000 to $149,000 per year Over $150,000 per year Please use the space below to provide any additional comments you may have about outdoor recreation in Colorado. THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME AND ASSISTANCE! Please return this survey in the postage-paid envelope provided. 32

35 Appendix B: Percent of Coloradans Participation in Outdoor Activities Activity Participated Rank Activity Rank Walking ,861,714 1 Hiking/Backpacking ,600,791 2 Picnicking ,312,343 8 Fishing ,411,408 6 Tent camping ,158, Skiing or snowboarding at a ski area ,546, Jogging/Running (outdoors) ,888,810 3 Swimming (outdoors) ,662,875 7 Road biking ,772,438 4 Playground activities ,516,371 5 Mountain biking ,397,750 9 Wildlife viewing (including birding) ,456, Golf ,180, Snowshoeing or cross country skiing ,108, ATV riding or 4-wheel driving ,190, Sledding/tubing ,503, Team or individual sports (outdoors) ,205, Developed/RV camping ,474, Target or skeet shooting ,368, Power boating ,290, Rock climbing ,911, Big game hunting ,091, Whitewater rafting ,827, Upland bird and small game hunting ,964, Backcountry skiing ,328, Horseback riding ,874, Water skiing ,284, Off-road motorcycling ,420, Ice skating (outdoors) , Kayaking ,191, Snowmobiling ,955, Ice fishing ,544, Jet skiing* ,678, Canoeing , Waterfowl hunting ,420, Geocaching ,088, Stand up paddleboarding* , Sailing* , * = Sample size is small (<30) and results should be interpreted with caution. Unique Hunters 15.6 All Trail 82.9 All Water 57.3 All Winter 50.4 All Wildlife 29.4 Other

36 6060 Broadway Denver, Colorado Phone (303) FAX (303) wildlife.state.co.us parks.state.co.us March 18, 2013 Dear Colorado resident, I am writing to ask for your help in a study to determine how and where Colorado residents recreate outdoors. This study, conducted by Colorado Parks and Wildlife, is an effort to learn about your recreation habits and desires for future outdoor recreation investments in Colorado. Results of this study will help outdoor recreation managers better understand the type of opportunities Coloradans desire and make most efficient use of available funding. You are part of a sample of Colorado residents we have selected to provide your opinions about your outdoor recreation activities in Colorado. To complete the survey, please type the entire web address below directly into your browser s address bar. You will not be able to access this survey by typing the address into Google, Yahoo or a similar search engine. To access the survey, you will need to enter the ID number printed above your name and address on the envelope in which this letter arrived. If you would rather fill out a paper survey, one will be mailed to you in 2 weeks time. If you have not received a paper copy of the survey by April 3, 2013, and do not want to complete the online survey, please leave a message with your name and mailing address at (303) or send an with your name and address to Your responses are confidential and will not be associated with your name or address in published reports. While your response to this questionnaire and any of the questions is completely voluntary, you can help us effectively manage outdoor recreation in Colorado by sharing your experiences and views. You may skip any questions you do not feel comfortable answering. We look forward to hearing from you soon. Results of this study will be available in early 2014 at Sincerely, Stacy A. Lischka Human Dimensions Specialist Colorado Parks and Wildlife STATE OF COLORADO John W. Hickenlooper, Governor Mike King, Executive Director, Department of Natural Resources Rick D. Cables, Director, Colorado Parks and Wildlife Parks and Wildlife Commission: Robert Bray Chris Castilian Jeanne Horn Bill Kane, Vice-Chair Gaspar Perricone Jim Pribyl John Singletary, Chair Mark Smith, Secretary James Vigil Dean Wingfield Michelle Zimmerman Ex Officio Members: Mike King and John Salazar

37 6060 Broadway Denver, Colorado Phone (303) FAX (303) wildlife.state.co.us parks.state.co.us April 3, 2013 Dear Colorado resident, I am writing to ask for your help in a study to determine how and where Colorado residents recreate outdoors. This study, conducted by Colorado Parks and Wildlife, is an effort to learn about your recreation habits and desires for future outdoor recreation investments in Colorado. Results of this study will help outdoor recreation managers better understand the type of opportunities Coloradans desire and make most efficient use of available funding. You are part of a sample of Colorado residents we have selected to provide your opinions about your outdoor recreation activities in Colorado. Please take a few minutes to complete the enclosed questionnaire, even if you do not recreate outdoors often. Please complete and return this questionnaire as soon as possible, but no later than April 30, If you have already completed this survey online, please disregard this letter. If you would rather complete this survey online, please type the entire web address below directly into your browser s address bar. You will not be able to access this survey by typing the address into Google, Yahoo or a similar search engine. To access the survey online, you will need the ID number printed above your name and address on the envelope in which this survey arrived. Your responses are confidential and will not be associated with your name or address in published reports. While your response to this questionnaire and any of the questions is completely voluntary, you can help us effectively manage outdoor recreation in Colorado by sharing your experiences and views. You may skip any questions you do not feel comfortable answering. If you have any questions or comments about this study, please contact me, Stacy Lischka, at (303) or me at Results of this study will be available in early 2014 at Sincerely, Stacy A. Lischka Human Dimensions Specialist Colorado Parks and Wildlife STATE OF COLORADO John W. Hickenlooper, Governor Mike King, Executive Director, Department of Natural Resources Rick D. Cables, Director, Colorado Parks and Wildlife Parks and Wildlife Commission: Robert Bray Chris Castilian Jeanne Horn Bill Kane, Vice-Chair Gaspar Perricone Jim Pribyl John Singletary, Chair Mark Smith, Secretary James Vigil Dean Wingfield Michelle Zimmerman Ex Officio Members: Mike King and John Salazar

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